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GlobalSocialComplianceProgramme

Environmental
ReferenceRequirements
TheGSCPisfacilitatedby
TheConsumerGoodsForum
22/24rueduGouverneurGalEbou
92130IssylesMoulineaux
France

TheGlobalSocialComplianceProgramme
TheGlobalSocialComplianceProgrammeisabusinessdriven
programme for companies whose vision is to harmonise
existing efforts in order to deliver a shared, global and
sustainable approach for the continuous improvement of
working and environmental conditions across categories and
sectorsintheglobalsupplychain.
It offers a global platform to promote knowledge exchange
and best practices in order to build comparability and
transparencybetweenexistingsystems.

www.gscpnet.com
gscp@theconsumergoodsforum.com

Tothiseffect,GSCPisdevelopingasetofreferencetoolsand
processesthatdescribebestpracticesandprovideacommon
interpretation of working and environmental requirements
andtheirimplementation.

GSCPEnvironmentalReferenceRequirementsOctober2010

Contents

Introduction

PerformanceAreas

UsingtheReferenceRequirements

ReferenceRequirements

GlossaryofTerms

19

Introduction
OntheGSCPReferenceTools
The Global Social Compliance Programme (GSCP) is a businessdriven programme for companies whose
vision is to harmonise existing efforts to deliver a shared, consistent and global approach for the
continuousimprovementofworkingandenvironmentalconditionsinglobalsupplychains.
It offers a global platform to promote knowledge exchange and consensus on best practices in order to
buildcomparabilityandtransparencybetweenexistingsystems.

Tothiseffect,theprogrammeisbuildingasetofreferencetoolsthatdescribebestpracticeandprovidea
commoninterpretationofgoodworkingandenvironmentalrequirementsandtheirimplementation.

Thesereferencetoolsareopenlyavailableandcaneitherbe:
integratedinpartorinfullbycompaniesintotheirrespectivesystems
usedbycompaniesorinitiativesasareferenceagainstwhichtocompare,orotherwisereview,their
existingtoolsthroughanequivalenceprocess

OntheEnvironmentalReferenceRequirements
Objective&Scope
A framework of reference requirements has been developed as a reference tool for employment sites
acrossthewholesupplychain.Thereferencerequirementsreflecttheneedtocomplywithexistinglocal,
national and international legislation and provide a common understanding of good environmental
practice.Theyareapplicabletoallrawmaterialprocessing,agricultural,manufacturingandlogisticssitesin
thesupplychain.

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ThesereferencerequirementsareintendedtobeappliedinparallelwiththeGSCPReferenceCode,which
definesminimumstandardsrelatedtoworkingconditionsandlabourrelationsinglobalsupplychains.

Structure
Thereferencerequirementsprovideamodelforcontinuousimprovementinenvironmentalperformance
frombasiccompliancetoleadingedgeperformance.Thismodelisbasedonthreelevels:

Level1AwarenessandCompliance;
Level2ProactiveManagementandPerformanceImprovement;and
Level3LeadingPractice.

SitescanusetheseEnvironmentalreferencerequirementstosupportimprovementintheirenvironmental
performance and gradually progress from Level 1 through to Level 3 by meeting the requirements
describedateachlevel.ThefollowingdiagramshowstheprogressionfromLevel1toLevel3:

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The following table outlines the generic minimum requirements for environmental practice at each
performance level. Further guidance on how to implement these requirements is provided in the GSCP
implementationguidelines.

Level

GenericRequirements

Basicenvironmentalmanagementstructure,withdefined
managementresponsibilitiesandenvironmentalmanagement
controlsinplace
Understandingandawarenessofsignificantenvironmentalaspects
andimpacts,andapplicablelegalrequirements
Level1:
AwarenessandCompliance Compliancewithapplicablelegalrequirements
Informationandtrainingofworkersonenvironmentalandhealth
issuesandhazards
Focusisonoperations,activitiesandpotentialenvironmental
impactsatthesitelevel
MeetingLevel1requirements
EnvironmentalManagementSystem(EMS)inplace
Engagingworkersandtheirrepresentativesatthesiteindealingwith
environmentalissues
Level2:
Environmentalmanagementandperformanceinlinewithrecognised
ProactiveManagementand
internationalstandardpractice
PerformanceImprovement
Demonstrablemanagementofallsignificantenvironmentalaspects
andimpacts,andachievementofperformanceimprovementtargets
Focusisbroadenedtoconsiderhowthesiteinfluencesandinteracts
withthelocalenvironment

Level3:
LeadingPractice

MeetingLevel1and2requirements
Leadingpracticeenvironmentalmanagementandperformance
(beyondrecognisedindustry/sectorstandards)
Engagementwithkeystakeholdersthroughthevaluechainto
achievesignificantperformanceimprovement
Considerationofpotentialimpactson,andinfluenceover,activities
beyondtheimmediateenvironsofthesite
Demonstrableleadershipinenvironmentalmanagementand
achievementofstretchingperformanceimprovementtargets

Note on regulated sites: where specific international, national, regional or local regulatory requirements
and/orpermitrequirementsaremorestringentthantheGSCPEnvironmentalreferencerequirements,the
regulatoryand/orpermitrequirementsshalltakeprecedence.Therefore,whereactionsspecifiedatLevel2
and/or 3 by the GSCP Environmental reference requirements are covered by international, national,
regionalorlocalregulatoryrequirements,thesemustbecompliedwithatLevel1.

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PerformanceAreas

TheReferencerequirementsareprovidedinrelationtothefollowingelevenperformanceareas,namely:

1.0 EnvironmentalManagementSystem

p.7
2.0 EnergyUse,TransportandGreenhouseGases(GHGs)

p.8
3.0 Wateruse

p.9
4.0 Wastewatereffluent

p.10
5.0 Emissionstoair

5.1 General

p.11
5.2 OzoneDepletingSubstances(ODS)

p.12
6.0 Wastemanagement

p.13
7.0 PollutionPrevention/HazardousandPotentiallyHazardousSubstances
p.14
8.0 Majorincidentpreventionandmanagement

p.15
9.0 Contaminatedland/Soilandgroundwaterpollutionprevention

p.16
10.0 Landuseandbiodiversity

p.17
11.0 Nuisances

p.18

Usingthereferencerequirements

Whoisthedocumentfor?
Thedocumentisforusebyallrawmaterialprocessing,agricultural,manufacturingandlogisticssitesinthe
supplychain.Thisdocumentreferstoemploymentsites,hereafterreferredtoassite.Althoughwerefer
to the site (i.e. a single site) throughout the document, it is equally applicable to a small multisite
companyoralargerglobalmultinational.

Scope
The document relates to operational and production activities at a site. Productrelated issues per se
(includingfinishedproductdesign,manufacturingofpackaginganduseofpackaginginrelationtoasites
products) lie outside the scope of this document. However, packaging arriving at site (e.g. in relation to
packagedrawmaterials),theuseandhandlingofpackagingonsiteandthedisposalofpackagingarising
onsiteareincludedinthescopeandarediscussed,whereapplicable.

Whenandhowtousethisdocument
A site can use the document to assess its status against current level requirements and/or what it is
requiredtodotoprogresstothenextlevelofperformance.
Pleasenotethatthisdocumentisnotintendedtobe,norshoulditbeconstruedas,legalguidance,given
thatspecificlegalrequirementswilldifferglobally.

Where legal requirements in the sites country(ies) of operation are not in line with these reference
requirements,thosewhichaffordthehighestlevelofprotectiontotheenvironmentandthepeopleonsite
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should be applied. If, however, legal requirements are absent, these reference requirements can be
applied.

SomenotesaboutBAT,LeadingPracticesandKeyPerformanceIndicators
BAT
Within the European Union legislative regime, the term Best Available Techniques (or Best Available
Technologies) (BAT) has a legal definition and implementing BAT is a legal requirement for those
installations subject to integrated environmental permitting under the European Integrated Pollution
Prevention and Control (IPPC) regime. As such, given that Level 1 contains the requirement to be
compliantwithapplicablelegalrequirementstheimplementationofBATwouldbeconsideredaLevel1
requirementforinstallationsregulatedunderIPPC.However,BATwouldbeconsideredaLevel2orLevel3
requirementforinstallationsnotregulatedunderIPPCorwheretheyareoutsideofthescopeofIPPC.

LeadingPractices
The term Leading Practice is subjective and there is no single or legal definition of leading practice. In
general,companiesconfirmedasbeingatLevel3willbegoingbeyondwhatisdefinedandprescribedat
Levels1and2(includinggoingbeyondrecognisedinternationalstandards),andwillbeproactiveintrying
toidentify,developandadoptthelatesttechnology,techniquesorpractices.Theywillalsobeapplyingthe
reference requirements to their Tier 1 suppliers to encourage and promote performance improvement
throughthesupplychain.

KeyPerformanceIndicatorsKPIs
KeyPerformanceIndicators(KPIs)arecalculations,measurementsorcomparisonsthatdemonstratehowa
company, area or activity is performing against a predefined level or measurement. Examples include
mass or concentration emissions to air, tonnes of solid waste generated, the amount of energy or water
consumed, the quantity of wastewater generated etc. Other indicators may include, for example, the
number of environmental incidents or spills, exceedances of consent or permit limits, number of routine
areachecksorinspectionscarriedoutetc.Normalisedindicatorsareindicatorsdividedbyavariable,such
as production tonnages, production hours, or person hours worked, so that realistic and meaningful
comparisons can be made between reporting periods. KPIs should be chosen so that they reflect the
important aspects of an organisations performance and help to assess whether the organisation is
meeting,forexample,itsannualobjectivesandtargetsorlegallydefinedlimitsortarget.

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ReferenceRequirements

1.0EnvironmentalManagementSystems
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
1.1.1 Understandingandawarenessofsignificantenvironmentalaspectsandimpacts(negative
andpositive)

1.1.2 Understandingandawarenessofapplicablelegalrequirements
1.1.3 Mechanismtoremainuptodatewithapplicablelocallegalrequirements
1.1.4 Basicmanagementcontrolsinplace
1.1.5 Memberofmanagementresponsibleforcoordinationofenvironmentalmanagement
activities

1.1.6 Informingandtrainingonenvironmentalandhealthissuesandhazardsallpersonnel
accordingtotheirfunction.

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
1.2.1 EnvironmentalManagementSystem(EMS)isestablished,documented,implemented,
maintainedandcontinuallyreviewed/improved.
1.2.2 TheEMSincludes:
a. EnvironmentalPolicy
b. Planning:environmentalriskassessment,settingobjectivesandtargets
c. Implementationandoperation:operationalprocedures;adequatetraining;documentation
anditscontrol
d. Checking:monitoringandmeasurement,auditandinspections
e. ManagementReview
AdefinitionofEnvironmentalManagementSystemisavailableintheglossary.Formoredetails
pleaserefertotheGSCPimplementationguidelines
1.2.3

Allpersonnel(management,workersandtheirrepresentatives,contractors)areengagedin
themanagementofenvironmentalissuesaccordingtotheirfunction.

1.2.4

Informationonenvironmentalperformanceismadeavailabletoappropriateinternaland
externalstakeholders(pleaserefertotheGSCPimplementationguidelinesfordetailed
definition)

Level3:LeadingPractice
1.3.1Forwardlookingenvironmentalstrategytodriveleadingpractice
1.3.2Environmentalmanagementandenvironmentalperformancetargetsaredesignedtoimprove
orsustaintheenvironmentandlocalecosystem,orglobalwhenappropriate
1.3.3Proactiveengagementwithrelevantstakeholders,toachievesignificantperformance
improvement
1.3.4Whererelevant,commitmenttovoluntarystandards

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2.0EnergyUse,TransportandGreenhouseGases(GHGs)
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
2.1.1Meetlegalrequirements
2.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
2.1.3Trackingofenergyconsumption/calculationofGHGemissionsincludingfueluseforonsite
transport

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
2.2.1FormalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanageandauditenergyuseandGHGemissions
asperthesiteEMS
2.2.2Energyconsumptionandgreenhousegasemissions(includingonsitevehicleemissions)are
madeavailabletoappropriateinternalandexternalstakeholders
2.2.3RenewableenergyusetargetsandGHGemissionreductiontargets(normalised)are
established/reviewedatleastonanannualbasistodrivecontinuousimprovement
2.2.4Demonstrablereductioninenergy(normalised;pleaserefertotheGSCPimplementation
guidelinesforfurtherdefinition)
2.2.5Targetsincludeonsitevehicleemissionsreduction,whicharereviewedonanannualbasis
todrivecontinuousimprovement

Level3:LeadingPractice
2.3.1 Leadingpracticemechanismsinplacetoreducegreenhousegas(GHG)intensity(forfurther
definitionpleaserefertotheGSCPimplementationguidelines)
2.3.2 UseofenergysourceswithlowerGHGintensity
o

Energyconsumptionlevelissustainablewithinavailabilityoflocalenergyresources

DemonstrableachievementofstretchingenergyandfuelefficiencyandGHGemission
targetsbeyondrecognisedinternationalstandardpractice

2.3.3 Engagementwithappropriatestakeholdersdownthevaluechainidentifyingwaystoreduce
GHGemissions
2.3.4 Carbonaccountinginbusinesssystem
2.3.5 Specificationofthemostenvironmentallyefficientcombinationsofvehicletypes,fuelsand
technologiesfordistributionfleet
2.3.6 Fuelconsumptionandvehicleemissionreductiontargetsarereviewedonanannualbasisto
drivecontinuousimprovementfortheentirefleet

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3.0WaterUse
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
3.1.1Meetlegalrequirements
3.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
3.1.3Measurementofwaterconsumptionisundertaken

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
3.2.1Formalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanageandauditwaterconsumptionasperthe
siteEMS
3.2.2Waterconsumptiondataaremadeavailabletorelevantinternalandexternalstakeholders
3.2.3Waterconsumptionefficiencytargetsarereviewedonanannualbasistodrivecontinuous
improvement
3.2.4Demonstrableachievementofwaterefficiencytargets(normalised)

Level3:LeadingPractice
3.3.1Whererelevant,waterconsumptionlevelissustainablewithinlocalecosystemlimitsand
watercatchmentarea
3.3.2Investigationofanduse,ifrelevant,ofalternativewatersourceswithlowerecosystem
impact
3.3.3Demonstrableachievementofstretchingwaterefficiencytargetsbeyondrecognised
internationalstandardpractice
3.3.4Leadingpracticewaterefficiencymechanismsinplace,includingreuse,recoveryand
recycling
3.3.5Engagementwithappropriatestakeholdersdownthevaluechaintoimprovewater
efficiency

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4.0Wastewater/Effluent
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
4.1.1Meetlegalrequirements
4.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
4.1.3Drainageplaninplacewithageneralunderstandingofwastewaterflowdirectionand
dischargepoints
4.1.4Identificationofthecontaminants,theirflowdirectionandpotentialimpact

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
4.2.1FormalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanagewastewatereffluentasperthesiteEMS
4.2.2Basiconsitewastewatertreatmentinplacetoachieveimprovementsinwastewaterquality
orconnectiontooffsitewastewatertreatmentsystem
4.2.3Regularwastewaterqualitytesting/monitoringisundertakentoensureongoingcompliance
withpermittedeffluentlimitsandasperthesitesEMS
4.2.4Wastewaterqualitydataaremadeavailabletorelevantinternalandexternalstakeholders
4.2.5Wastewaterqualityandvolumeimprovementtargetsarereviewedonanannualbasisto
drivecontinuousimprovement
4.2.6Demonstrableimprovementinwastewaterquality

Level3:LeadingPractice
4.3.1Wastewatereffluentqualityanddischargevolumearesustainableinthecontextoflocal
receptorsandecosystemlimits
4.3.2Leadingpracticewastewatertreatmentinplace
4.3.3Leadingpracticemechanismsinplacetoimprovequalityofwastewaterdischargedtolocal
environment,includingreuseofgreywater
4.3.4Demonstrableachievementofstretchingwastewatereffluentqualityimprovementand
volumereductiontargets(normalised)beyondrecognisedinternationalstandardpractice
4.3.5Engagementwithappropriatestakeholdersdownthevaluechaintoimprovewastewater
effluentquality

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5.0Emissionstoair
5.1General
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
5.1.1Meetlegalrequirements(includingmonitoring)
5.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
5.1.3Aninventoryofmainpointsourceemissionstoairismaintainedandsitehasconsidered
potentialforfugitiveemissions
ForrequirementsinrelationtoGreenhouseGas(GHG)emissions(includinginrelationtotransport)
pleaserefertoSection2.0EnergyUseandGHGemissions

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
5.2.1FormalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanageemissionstoairasperthesiteEMS
5.2.2.Regularairemissionsqualitytesting/monitoringisundertakentoensureongoing
compliancewithpermittedlimits
5.2.3Airemissionsqualitydataaremadeavailabletorelevantinternalandexternalstakeholders
5.2.4Airqualityimprovementtargetsarereviewedonanannualbasistodrivecontinuous
improvement
5.2.5Demonstrablereductioninemissionstoair(normalised)

Level3:LeadingPractice
5.3.1.Emissionstoairaresustainablewithinlocalecosystemlimits
5.3.2Leadingpracticeabatementtechnologiesinplacetominimiseemissionstoairoreffortsto
reduceemissionsatsource
5.3.3Demonstrableachievementofstretchingairqualityimprovementtargetsbeyondrecognised
internationalstandardpractice
5.3.4Engagementwithappropriatestakeholdersdownthevaluechaintoreduceemissionstoair
5.3.5Additionalandproactiveemissionsmonitoringperformed

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5.2OzoneDepletingSubstances(ODS)
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
5.1.4Meetlegalrequirements
5.1.5Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
5.1.6Aninventoryofozonedepletingsubstances(ODS)ismaintained
5.1.7RegularmaintenanceofODScontainingequipment

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
5.2.6ProactiveODSleakdetectionandmaintenanceofODScontainingequipment
5.2.7TargetsinplacetophaseoutuseofspecifictypesofODS,suchasCFCs,halons,TCE,CCl4in
linewithrecognisedinternationalstandardpractice
5.2.8Demonstrablereduction,controlandsubstitutionofODS

Level3:LeadingPractice
5.3.6CompletephaseoutofallODS(beyondlegalrequirements)

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6.0Wastemanagement
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
6.1.1Meetlegalrequirements
6.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
6.1.3Regularchecksthatwastecontractorshaveappropriatepermitsareundertaken
6.1.4Hazardousandnonhazardouswasteissegregatedandemployeeawarenessandtraining
providedonhandlingandsegregationofwastes
6.1.5Inventory/management/storage/transportationproceduresforhazardouswastestreams
inplace
6.1.6Recordsofonsiteandoffsitewastedisposal/treatmentmaintained
6.1.7Noonsitewasteburning/oruncontrolledwastelandfillingisundertaken

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
6.2.1Formalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanagewastegeneration,storage,transportation,
anddisposalasperthesiteEMS,includingwasteminimisationauditandconsiderationof
wastehierarchyprinciples
6.2.2Evaluationofwastemanagementcontractors(suitability,disposal/treatmentmethods)
6.2.3Engagementwithsupplierstoidentifywasteavoidance/reduction/recycling/reuse
opportunities
6.2.4Segregationofwastestreamsinlinewithrecognisedinternationalstandardpractice
6.2.5Monitoringandmeasurementofwastegeneratedandrecycled,withdataavailableto
relevantinternalandexternalstakeholders
6.2.6 Wastereductionandrecyclingtargetsarereviewedatleastonanannualbasistodrive
continuousimprovement.
6.2.7Demonstrablewastereduction(normalised)

Level3:LeadingPractice
6.3.1Wastedisposalmethodandvolumeissustainablewithinlocaloperatingenvironmentand
availabilityofwastetreatmentanddisposalfacilities
6.3.2Leadingpracticesinplacetominimiseresource/virginmaterialuseandachievewaste
reduction/recycling/energyfromwaste
6.3.3Demonstrableachievementofstretchingwastereduction/recyclingtargetsbeyond
recognisedinternationalstandardpractice
6.3.4Engagementwithappropriatestakeholdersdownthevaluechaintoidentifywaste
avoidance/reduction/recycling/reuse/energyfromwastemeasures

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7.0PollutionPrevention/HazardousandPotentiallyHazardousSubstances
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
7.1.1Meetlegalrequirements
7.1.2Compliancewithprohibitedchemicalslist(e.g.foragrichemicalsfromWorldHealth
Organisation,WHO)
7.1.3Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
7.1.4Aninventoryofhazardoussubstancesusedandstoredismaintainedtogetherwithrelevant
uptodateMaterialSafetyDataSheets(MSDS)
7.1.5Specificprocedures/controlsinplaceforthemanagement/storage/transportationofall
hazardoussubstances,minimisingpotentialforair,water,soilandgroundwaterimpacts
7.1.7Pollutionpreventionandresponsetrainingisdeliveredtoallrelevantemployees
7.1.8Incidentsarenotifiedtotheauthoritiesasrequiredbyapplicablepermits/legislation

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
7.2.1Formalsystemsandprocessesinplaceforpollutionpreventionandtoreducethepotential
forpollutionincidentsasperthesiteEMS
7.2.2Dedicatedsiteemergencyresponseteaminplacetodealwithpollutionincidents
7.2.3Regularpracticedrillsarecarriedoutforpollutionincidents
7.2.4Targetsarereviewedonanannualbasistoreducetheuseofhazardoussubstances,
minimiseassociatedrisksandsubstitutewithnonhazardousalternativeswherepossible
7.2.5Whererelevant,specificpollutionpreventionmechanismsareconsideredinagricultural
production,includingoptimisationofagrichemicalsinput
7.2.6Demonstrablereductioninhazardoussubstancesuse(normalised)andminimisationof
associatedrisks,asappropriate

Level3:LeadingPractice
7.3.1Zeropollutionincidenttargetandpolicyinplace
7.3.2Detailedpollutionpreventioninspectionsareconducted
7.3.3Promotetheuseofnonhazardousandnontoxicalternativesubstances
7.3.4Demonstrableachievementofstretchinghazardoussubstancereduction/substitution
targetsbeyondrecognisedinternationalstandardpractice
7.3.5Engagementwithappropriatestakeholdersdownthevaluechaintoimprovehazardous
substanceuse

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8.0Majorincidentpreventionandmanagement
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
8.1.1Meetlegalrequirements
8.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
8.1.3Siteemergencyplaninplacewithdetailedguidelines/trainingformajorincidentresponse,
asneededandreflectingtherisksofactivitiesundertakenonsite
8.1.4Emergencyresponseplancommunicatedtolocalauthorities,emergencyservicesandlocal
communities,asrequired

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
8.2.1FormalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanageemergencyresponseasperthesiteEMS
8.2.2Reductioninpotentialoccurrenceandimpactsofmajorincidents(e.g.explosions,fires,
majorspillsetc.)
8.2.3RegularQuantitativeRiskAssessment(QRA)reviews
8.2.4Majorincidentsreportedtorelevantstakeholders
8.2.5Dedicatedsiteemergencyresponseteaminplace
8.2.6Regularpracticedrillsarecarriedoutforallemergencyscenarios

Level3:LeadingPractice
8.3.1Zeromajorincidenttargetandpolicyinplace
8.3.2Proactiveengagementwithlocalcommunitytoensureawarenessofrisksofmajorincidents
andemergencyresponseprocedures
8.3.3Localcommunityisinvolvedinsitesemergencyresponsedrillandhasbeencontactedby
theemergencyresponseteam,asrelevant
8.3.4Leadingpracticemechanismsinplacetoreduceriskofmajorincidentse.g.processchanges

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9.0Contaminatedland/SoilandGroundwaterPollutionPrevention
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
9.1.1Meetlegalrequirements
9.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
9.1.3Understandingandawarenessofsitesetting/sensitivereceptorsinsitesvicinity
9.1.4Notcausingorknowinglypermittingcontaminationofsoilandgroundwater

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
9.2.1Formalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanagecontaminatedsoilandgroundwaterasper
thesiteEMS
9.2.2Qualitative,deskbased(asappropriate)soilandgroundwaterriskassessmentcompleted
including:
a. Allpotentialcurrentandhistoricalonsitesourcesofpotentialsoilandgroundwaterimpact
b. Allpotentialcurrentandhistoricaloffsitesourcesofpotentialsoilandgroundwaterimpact
c. Mappingofallreceptorsandpathways
d. Assessmentofriskofsoilandgroundwaterimpact
9.2.3Allactionscompletedfollowingresultsforsoilandgroundwaterriskassessment,e.g.andas
required:
a. FocusedPhaseIIinvestigation
b. Appropriateandefficientremediationofsoiland/orgroundwatercontaminationperformed
9.2.4Anysoilandgroundwatercontaminationiscommunicatedtorelevantstakeholders,as
required

Level3:LeadingPractice
9.3.1Zerocontaminationtargetandpolicyinplace
9.3.2Proactivemanagementofsoilandgroundwaterquality
9.3.3Leadingpracticetechniquesinplacetopreventfurther/futuresoiland/orgroundwater
contaminationandinrelationtoremediation
9.3.4Proactiveengagementwithstakeholdersinthelocalcommunitytoensureawarenessof
potentialsoiland/orgroundwatercontamination
9.3.5Engagementwithappropriatestakeholdersdownthevaluechaininrelationtothe
preventionandmanagementofsoilandgroundwatercontamination

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10.0LandUseandBiodiversity
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
10.1.1Meetlegalrequirementsrelatingtoplanninganddevelopment
10.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
10.1.3Nonegativeimpactondesignatedprotectionareasorspecies

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
10.2.1Formalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanagelanduseandbiodiversityasperthesite
EMS
10.2.2Inagriculturalproduction,proactivemanagementtomaintainsoilfertility,avoidsoil
erosionandpromotesoilandbiodiversityrecovery
10.2.3Whereappropriate,demonstrableimprovementinlanduseandbiodiversityperformance
includingdeforestation,rehabilitationandconservationactivities

Level3:LeadingPractice
10.3.1Landuseissustainablewithinlocalecosystemcontext
10.3.2Leadershiproleinbiodiversityconservation,forexamplepartnershipwithrelevantlocal
organisations
10.3.3Leadingpracticemechanismsinplacetopromotebiodiversityandleadingpracticeland
management
10.3.4Engagementwithappropriatestakeholdersdownthevaluechaintoimprovelanduseand
biodiversityperformance,withinandbeyondsiteboundaries
10.3.5Demonstrableachievementofstretchingtargetsbeyondrecognisedinternationalstandard
practice

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11.0Nuisances
Level1:AwarenessandCompliance
11.1.1Meetlegalrequirements
11.1.2Relevant,uptodatepermitsareheldandcompliancemaintained
11.1.3Understandingandawarenessofnuisancelevelsfromsiteactivitiesandassociatedimpacts
(includingodour,noise,visualandgeneralhousekeeping)

Level2:ProactiveManagement&PerformanceImprovement
11.2.1Formalsystemsandprocessesinplacetomanagenuisances(includingodour,noise,visual
andgeneralhousekeeping)andcomplaintsasperthesiteEMS
11.2.2Impactsandcomplaintsdataaremadeavailabletorelevantinternalandexternal
stakeholders
11.2.3Impactsandcomplaintsreductiontargetsarereviewedonanannualbasistodrive
continuousimprovement
11.2.4Demonstrablereductioninnuisanceimpactsandcomplaints

Level3:LeadingPractice
11.3.1Zerocomplaintstargetandpolicyinplace
11.3.2.Proactiveengagementwithlocalcommunity/stakeholderstoreduceimpacts
11.3.3Leadingpracticemechanismsinplacetoensurereductionofimpactse.g.processchanges
11.3.4Demonstrableachievementofstretchingperformancetargetsbeyondrecognised
internationalstandardpractice

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GlossaryofTerms

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GlossaryofTermsUsedintheDocument

AbsoluteData

Absolute data comprise totals or usage data without comparison to any


variables, e.g. total kWh of electricity used, total tonnes of hazardous waste
produced in a month etc. An organisation can decide whether absolute or
normaliseddataaregoingtobethemostappropriateandrepresentativedata
to collate/report. Within each of the performance areas discussed in this
document there are examples of variables against which data can be
normalised.

Assurance

The methods and processes employed to evaluate an organisations


disclosures about its performance as well as underlying systems, data and
processesagainstsuitablecriteriaandstandards
AA1000AssuranceStandard2008

BestAvailable
Techniques
(BAT)

Techniques shallincludeboththetechnologyusedandthewayinwhichthe
installationisdesigned,built,maintained,operatedanddecommissioned;

'Available techniques shall mean those developed on a scale which allows


implementation in the relevant industrial sector, under economically and
technically viable conditions, taking into consideration the costs and
advantages, whether or not the techniques are used or produced inside the
countryinquestion,aslongastheyarereasonablyaccessibletotheoperator;
and

'Best shall mean those most effective in achieving a high general level of
protectionoftheenvironmentasawhole.

DefinitionsadaptedfromCouncilDirective96/61/ECof24September1996
concerningintegratedpollutionpreventionandcontrol,Art.2(11)

Biological
OxygenDemand
(BOD)

Biological Oxygen Demand (or Biochemical Oxygen Demand) (BOD) is an


indicator of the level of organic matter in the water and, hence, the rate at
which oxygen in the water is used up as the organic matter is consumed by
organisms in the water. Generally, the lower the BOD, the better the water/
wastewaterquality.

Carbonfootprint

According to the UK Carbon Trust, a 'carbon footprint' is "the total set of


greenhousegases(GHG)emissionscausedbyanorganization,eventorproduct

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CASandCAS
Numbers

The Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), which is a division of the American


Chemical Society, establishes CAS registry numbers (or CAS numbers).
Thereareuniquenumbersequencesusedinternationallytoidentifychemicals,
chemicalcompounds,mixtures,alloys,andothersubstances.ACASnumberis
separatedbyhyphensintothreeparts,thefirstconsistingofupto7digits,the
second consisting of two digits, and the third consisting of a single digit. The
numbersareassignedinincreasingorderanddonothaveanyspecificmeaning.

Chemical
OxygenDemand
(COD)

Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) is an indicator of the level of organic matter


andchemicalsinthewaterand,hence,therateatwhichoxygeninthewateris
used up as the organic matter and chemicals are consumed. Generally, the
lowertheCODthebetterthewater/wastewaterquality.

ClimateChange

A longterm, measurable, change in the expected climate or weather for the


Earthasawholeorinaparticularregion,asaresultofhumanactivity.

Continual
Improvement

Therecurringprocessofenhancingtheenvironmentalmanagementsystemin
order to achieve improvements in overall environmental performance
consistentwithanorganisationsenvironmentalpolicy.
ISO14001:2004

EINECSNumbers

EINECS (European Inventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances)


numbersareanalternativetoCASnumbersfortheclassificationofchemicals.
EINECS numbers are used for substances (excluding polymers) that were
commerciallyavailableintheEUfrom1stJanuary1971to18September1981.
The EINECS number is made up of seven digits (xxxxxxx). There are other
Europeanbased numbering systems (including ELINCS and NLP numbers),
however,EINECSnumbersarethemorecommonlyusedsystem.

EMS
Environmental
Management
System

Amanagementsystemisasetofinterrelatedelementsusedtoestablishpolicy
andobjectivesandtoachievethoseobjectives.

Environmental
aspect

An element of an organisations activities or products or services that can


interactwiththeenvironment

ISO14001:2004

ISO14001:2004
Environmental
impact

Any change to the environment, whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or


partiallyresultingfromanorganisationsenvironmentalaspects
ISO14001:2004

Environmental
Impact
Assessment
(EIA)

An assessment of the potential impact(s), either positive or negative, that an


operation,activityorprojecthasorcouldhaveonthenaturalenvironment.

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Key
Performance
Indicator(KPI)

A quantifiable metric that reflects the environmental performance of a


business,inthecontextofachievingitswidergoalsandobjectives

Legionella
Bacteria

Legionella bacteria are responsible for Legionnaires Disease. Symptoms of


Legionnaires' disease include high fever, chills, headache, muscle pain, dry
cough, difficulty with breathing, and diarrhoea or vomiting. About half of
sufferers become confused or delirious. Legionnaires' disease can be treated
effectively with appropriate antibiotics. However, infection with Legionella
bacteria has been fatal in approximately 12% of reported cases. Legionnaires
Disease is normally contracted by inhaling Legionella bacteria, either in very
small water droplets (aerosols), or in the nuclei of such droplets (i.e. the
particles left after the water has evaporated) contaminated with Legionella
bacteria,deepintothelungs.Legionellabacteriaarecommonlyencounteredin
naturally occurring water bodies (e.g. rivers, lakes and reservoirs). However,
theyalsocolonisemanufacturedwatersystemsandbefoundincoolingtower
systems,hotandcoldwatersystemsandotherequipmentwhichuses,transfers
orstoreswater.

Management

People who identify and achieve organizational objectives through the


deployment of appropriate resources. A manager can have responsibilities in
one or more of five key areas: managing activities; managing resources;
managinginformation;managingpeople;and managing himor herselfatthe
same time as working within the context of the organizational, political, and
economicbusinessenvironments.

Monitoring
framework

Types of monitoring and assurance processes that a company implements to,


forexample,assessenvironmentalperformance.Thiscouldcomprisedetailed
monitoring regimes to evaluate compliance with performance limits (e.g.
emissions to air), a detailed audit process to assess compliance with, for
example, the Framework Requirements, or a selfassessment questionnaire to
assessimprovementinperformance.Adetailedauditprocesscouldrangefrom
internalselfassessmentinspectionstodetailedthirdpartycomplianceaudits.

NormalisedData

Normalised data includes a comparison of totals or usage data against a


predefined variable (or set of variables), e.g. kWh of electricity used per
employee onsite, kg of hazardous waste per unit of production etc. An
organisation can decide whether absolute or normalised data are going to be
themostappropriateandrepresentativedatatocollate/report.Withineachof
the performance areas discussed in this document there are examples of
variablesagainstwhichdatacanbenormalised.

DTIEnvironmentalKPIsReportingGuidelinesforUKBusiness

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NOx

NOx is the collective term for various oxides of nitrogen, including: nitrous
oxide (N2O) which is a colourless gas, formed by soil bacteria when
decomposing certain organic material, which reacts with ozone in the upper
atmosphere; nitric oxide (NO) which is a colourless gas formed during high
temperaturecombustionoffuelsandwhichisoxidisedbyozone;andnitrogen
dioxide (NO2) which is a highly toxic reddishbrown gas formed, for example,
duringthereactionofotheroxidesofnitrogenwithozoneandwhichcanalso
actasaretardanttoplantgrowth.

PhaseI

PhaseIiscommonlyusedinreferencetosoilandgroundwaterinvestigationas
theinitialphaseofreviewandassessment.Typically,aPhaseIstudywouldbe
deskbased and would comprise a review of the site setting in terms of the
sitesactivitiesandoperations,surroundinglandusestothesite,theunderlying
geology and hydrogeology (groundwater), hydrology (surface waters rivers,
streams,lakes,reservoirs,seasetc.),soiltype(potentially)andotherreceptors.

PhaseII

Phase II is commonly used, in reference to soil and groundwater


investigation, as the intrusive stage of investigation work. The intrusive work
may include trial pits, boreholes or other excavations, together with sampling
andanalysisofsoiland/orgroundwater.

PhaseIII

Phase III is commonly used, in reference to soil and groundwater


contamination, as the remediation stage of the work (i.e. cleanup of
contaminatedsoiland/orgroundwatertoapredefinedquality/level).Phase
IIImayincludeadditionalsamplingandanalysisofsoiland/orgroundwater,as
wellastheactualremediationwork.

Pollution
prevention

Inthecontextofthisdocument,pollutionpreventionrelatestothecontrols
andmeasuresadoptedtoreducethelikelihoodand/orimpactofareleaseofa
substance to the environment and the associated potential for pollution to
occur.

Renewable
Energy

Thisrelatestoenergygeneratedbyarenewablesource(i.e.sourcewhichisnot
depleted or used up as it is naturally replenished. Renewable sources can
either be managed so that they last forever, or so that their supply is not
significantlyimpacted.
Unlike fossil fuels, most renewable energy sources do not release carbon
dioxide and other air pollutants as byproducts into the atmosphere. As the
amountoffossilfuelresourcesonEarthdecreases,itisbecomingincreasingly
importanttofindandutiliserenewableenergysources.Examplesinclude:solar,
biofuels,wind,hydroelectric,geothermal,tidalandwave.

SOx

SOx is the collective term for various oxides of sulphur, including: sulphur
dioxide(SO2)andsulphurtrioxide(SO3).Sulphuroxidesexistandareproduced
naturally. In addition, human activities can increase SOx levels, e.g. through
combustionofsulphurcontainingfuels.SOxcancontributetoacidrain,smog,
canaffectbreathingandcanadverselyimpactvegetation.

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Stakeholder

A person with an interest or concern in the organisation, site or project.


Stakeholders can include (but not necessarily be limited to): site workers and
management, trade unions, the Board, nonexecutive directors, shareholders,
otherfinancialbackers(privateequityhouse,venturecapitalistetc.),regulators,
customers,suppliers,thelocalcommunityetc.

Sustainability/
Sustainable
Development

Developmentthatmeetstheneedsofthepresentwithoutcompromisingthe
abilityoffuturegenerationstomeettheirownneeds.

Target

Adetailedperformancerequirement(quantifiedwherepossibleandapplicable
toallorpartsoftheorganisation),thatarisesfromthesettingofenvironmental
objectives and which needs to be set and met in order to achieve those
objectives.

A specific task in the achievement of an environmental objective.


Environmentaltargetsmustbestatedinameasurableandquantifiablemanner.
ISO14001:2004

Targetscanbebasedonabsolutedataornormaliseddata.

Volatileorganic
compounds
(VOCs)

Organic compounds (i.e. typically those containing carbon) (e.g. ethylene,


propylene, acetone, dichloromethane, benzene, xylene, toluene, styrene) that
readily evaporate and which contribute to air pollution, either directly or
through other chemical reactions producing secondary pollutants. Examples
ofmaterialscontainingVOCsincludesolvents,paints,thinners,petroleumfuels
etc.

Worker

Apersonworkingonanemploymentsite,inanycapacity

AA1000AssuranceStandard2008

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