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BIOETHICS Chapter 1

Bioethics does not limit itself to


describing human behavior but
evaluates and judges whether it
is right or wrong.

Human reason has the capacity


to determine the degree of
goodness or malice of human
actions.

Ethics appeals to human reason.

desired, not even to bring about


the good effect.
4. There should be reasonable
proportion between good
intended and evil permitted.
Considerations
1. certainty or uncertainty of the good
and evil effects
2. necessity or degree of advisability
of the act in bringing about good
effect
3. influence and relation of the act
with the evil effect
Impediments obstacles/difficulties

Human Act
Deliberate will
o Rational
o Voluntary
o Free
ELEMENTS
1. Knowledge
2. Awareness
3. Volition
4. Execution
The Principle of Double Effect

It is an effect not wanted in itself


but is foreseen and permitted to
happen because it is an
inseparable consequence of the
effect that one directly wishes to
achieve.
Conditions
1. Action must be morally good in
itself
2. Good effect must follow or come
simultaneously with the evil
effect.
a. The good effect cannot be
the conseqeuence of the
bad effect. (The end does
not justify the means.)
3. Intention must be morally good
and evil effects should not be

Examples:
1. Ignorance
2. Passion
3. Fear
4. Violence
5. Habits
6. Customs
Remote Impediments
Examples:
1. Age
2. Sex
3. Genetic traits
4. Pathological conditions