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ACCIDENT DETECTION USING GSM,GPS & MEMS USING ARM7

This project focuses on developing an embedded system to report information regarding


road vehicles accidents on highways automatically using MEMS and GSM modem and GPS.
The project consists ARM7 board and MEMS accelerometer sensor, GSM Modem and
GPS Module. The MEMS (Micro Electro Mechanical System) which consists of a 3-axis
accelerometer which gives output based on three axis movement. This setup is fixed on the
vehicle and during normal movement (X-axis), the accelerometer output is nearly constant.
When any accident occurs the MEMS sensor gives unbalanced or high axis output value
(depends on vehicle tilt), and then the ARM7 reads the value and expects for the normal
movement output value again on same axis (X-axis). The ARM7 commands the GSM modem
and send a SMS to any predefined numbers such as ambulance or police or any other numbers to
intimate the accident. The location parameters are also sent to predefined number using GPS
Module.
We can add some more sensors like alcohol detector , ultrasonic sensor , piezo sensor and
give alert. If another vehicle is in front of our vehicle in predefined range buzzer gives alert.

HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:
1

LPC2148 ARM 7

REGULATED POWER SUPPLY

MEMS Sensor

16*2 LCD Display

GSM MODEM

GPS MODULE

Piezo , Alcohol Detector , Ultrasonic sensor

SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS:
1

Keil Compiler 4

Embedded C Code

Block Diagram

MEMS
16*2 LCD
DISPLAY

SENSOR
GSM
MODEM
GPS
MODULE

MAX232
INTERFAC
E

LPC 2148
ARM7

PIEZO ,
ALCOHOL,
ULTRASON
IC
REGULATED
POWER

Buzzer