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21-12-2011

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)
2.1OverView:FloodHazard&ClimateChange

Hazard,WaterCycleandFloodAssessment

2.1
2.2
23
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.6

Methodology
Topographic Characteristics & Drainage
Flood
Fl
d and
d Erosional
E i
l Hazards
H
d Zone
Z
Drainage Density
Water Logging spot
Flood Simulation Model

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)
2.1HazardVulnerability:WaterCycleandFloodAssessment:Methodology
A) Topographic Survey
(60 GPS location)
Roads, Low Lying Area, open fields, Built area

C ) Road Net work map


Foot print (Buildings)
UrbanWatershed(Roads)
WaterEstimation
EncroachedLowlyingarea&Vulnerablefloodzone

D) Simulation of ground water depth

F) Land cover map

B)PreparationofContourMap

GeneralDirectionofslope
Slope Gradient
SlopeGradient
Anomalies(Elevatedandlow)

E) Soil Sample : Porosity, PhysioChemical

BaselineScenarioHazard Naturalfloodareas(Lowlyingareas)
Prone
HumaninterventionScenariofloodHazard Encroachment
Areas & Roads Vulnerable
Areas&Roads
Vulnerable
ClimateChangeinducefuturefloodHazard ExcessScenarioto
Normalrainfallintensity(15&25returnyears)

TOPOGRAPHICALPROFILE
ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda
IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)

2.2HazardVulnerability:(Topography)WaterCycleandFloodAssessment
Relativelylower
elevationis
Markedbelow
60AMSL

General
Elevationis
between6260m
AMSL

Relativelyhigher
elevationis
Markedabove
65AMSL

Groundwaterrechargeablezones
Surfacerunoffandvulnerableground
waterrechargezones
Watererosionzones

PorosityfactorOfsoil
Permeabilityfactorsoflandcover(treecover,open,built
Slopefactor

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)
2.3HazardVulnerability:WaterCycleandFloodAssessment

2.2HazardVulnerability:WaterCycleandFloodAssessment:DrainagePattern

Major
Drain flows
towards
Phase
3
and 4

FloodandErosionalHazardZones
1 Flood Vulnerable
zone & 2 low lying
areas
are
predominantly along
Muthiya village in
Phase 4

ErosionVulnerable
zoneareinphase1

3.8Hectare
NaturalLowlying
area=1.08%NIE
62Hectare Flood
VulnerableZone=
20%ofNIE

21-12-2011

2.4ClimateChange(DrainageDensity)AdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate
(Ahmedabad)

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)
2.5HazardVulnerability:WaterCycleandFloodAssessment:WaterLogging
Intersecting
spotsofDrains
byroadinFlood
Vulnerable(
Pahse IV)

NaturalDrainageDisturbedbyRoadsandotherdevelopment

Shortcut to 2Major road intersect by streams with watershed.jpg.lnk

Intersectingspots
ofDrainsByroad
outsideFlood
Vulnerable
(PhaseIV)

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)

2.6HazardVulnerability:FloodSimulationandEstimations
B)

RainFallAnalysis
ForRainfallIntensityfordifferentReturn
Periods

ReturnPeriodsofRainfall

EstimationofRunoffCoefficients
Basedonthecompositionofwatershed
andterraincharacteristics

45

Rainfall(mm)

A)

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)
2.6FloodSimulationModel:ReturnPeriodsofRainfall

C)

C ) Contour Map of the Area

CalculatingthevolumeofFloods
UsingRationalMethodforallwatersheds.

40
35
30
25
20

Series1

15
10
5

Linear(Series1)

0
1

10

100

1000

ReturnPeriod

Thereturnperiodshavebeencalculatedusing100yearrainfalldatausingGumbelmethod.

Sr.No.
1
2
3
4

D) EstimationofFloodedAreas
For25and15YearReturnFloods

E)

EstimationofFloodedAreas
For25and15YearReturnFloodswith10%
excessrainfall

Return Period
100
50
25
10

Rainfall(mm)
28.2
25.6
23.0
19.6

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)

FloodSimulationModel:Runoffcoefficient

FloodSimulationModel:LanduseandPermeabilityfactor

RunoffCoefficients

Since watershed characteristics are different for all the eight watersheds, the watershed run
off coefficients have been calculated by taking weighted average of area under particular
terrain type and the corresponding runoff coefficient.
Watershed No.

Runoff Coefficient

Water Shed 1

0.335

40.9

3154.4

2685.7

Water Shed 2

0.437

202.3

20338.6

17316.3

Water Shed 3

0.410

69.4

6551.5

5577.9

Water Shed 4

0.444

216.2

22097.6

18813.8

Water Shed 5

0.305

199.9

14033.1

11947.8

Water Shed 6

0.520

225.3

26977.7

22968.8

Water Shed 7

0.309

280.2

19943.9

16980.2

Water Shed 8

0.529

324.0

39450.3

33587.9

152547.1

129878.4

Total

Area (ha)

Storm Water
(m/d)- 25 years
return period

Storm Water
(m/d)- 10 year
retun period

Agriculture40%
Builtup23%

Agriculture15%
Builtup70%
NoAgriculture
Builtup80%
Openspaces10%

21-12-2011

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)

FloodSimulationModel:BaselineTrend(15&25ReturnYears)

FloodSimulationModel:ExcessScenario(15&25ReturnYears)

15 Years Return Flood

25 Years Return Flood

15 Year Return Flood


(10% excess)

25 Year Return Flood


(10% excess)

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)
2.1HazardVulnerability:HeatandHighTemperaturesAssessment
Higher temperature
reaches upto 41oC
during summer .
Under the Climate
change
scenario
another 1.5oC is
expected
What would
response?

be

ClimateChangeAdaptationPlanforNaroda IndustrialEstate(Ahmedabad)
Hazard Coping Strategies

Flood Vulnerability Reduction Strategies


Appropriate designing roads (critical/flood prone areas)
Storm water drains (to ensure sufficient discharge of run off)
Plantations at the suitable locations (reduce runoff)
Identification of the safe sites for shelter during flood
Increasing the water storage capacity in NIE which can support the landscape
landscapess
water requirements

Erosion Hazards
Landscape in the erosion prone area.

Heat / High temperature


Increasing the green belts around the identified high temperature stretches to
control micro climate and there by reduce the effect of high temperature