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2016 Metrobank-MTAP-DepEd Math Challenge

Grade 5
Directions: Check your answers analyze the solution given in
every questions. Be sure you deeply understand the concepts
involved. Test yourself again by answering the question.
1. 27-(11+9)x48+31= ______
Answer: 48
27-20x48+31=N
27-808+31=N
27-10+31=N
17+31=48
2. 9889 + 37 x (
- 4) = 268. What number is in
Answer: 11
9889 + (37 x (

-4)) = 268

3. 28 and 832 thousandths is subtracted from 56 and 61


hundredths. What is the difference to the nearest tenths?
Answer: 27.8
Subtract first 56.61 28.832 = 27.778 then round to
the answer to nearest tenths 27.778 = 27.8
4. Find the product of 3 033 and 94. Divide your answer by the
difference of 1500 and 1 288. What is your answer to the
nearest hundreds?
Answer: 1300
(3 033 x 94) (1 500 1 288) = N
285 102 212 = N
1344.8 = N
The answer is 1344.8 then round to the nearest hundred
1300.
5. The quotient when 0.25 is divided by a number is 1000.
What is the divisor?
Answer: 0.00025
Divide 0.25 by 1000, the quotient is 0.00025
6. What percent of 3 kg is 480 g?
Answer: 16%
Convert first 3 kg to g, so 3 kg = 3000 g
Look for the rate follow the formula R=PB
R = ? , B= 3000g, P= 480g

R=3000 480
R= 0.16 x 100
R=16%
7. Express 84 minutes as a fraction of 4 hours in lowest term.
Answer:
Convert hours to minutes, so 3 hours = 240 minutes
84/240 change to lowest term 8412 = 7, 240
12=20 so the answer is 7/20
8. Using only the number 43, how many times you will use it as
a factor to get a product whose ones digit is 7?
Answer:
43x43x43=79,507
9. Mary has 54 oranges. She gives an equal number of
oranges to each of her 13 friends. How many oranges does
she have left?
Answer:
5413 = 4 remainder 2, 2 oranges left to Mary
10.
Mother gave Kian and her younger sister Php 2,
115.00 to share between them. Kian spent Php 778.00 from
his share and had Php 271.00 left. How much did Kians
younger sister have?
Answer: Php 1,066.00
Total money = PhP 2,155.00
Kians Share (Php788.00+271.00)= Php 1,049.00
Subtract the PhP 2,155.00 by PhP 1,049.00 the answer is
Php 1,066.00 share of Kians younger sister.
11.
A water jar can hold 36 cups or 24 glasses of water. If
there are already 6 cups and 19 glasses of water in the jar,
how many more cups of water can be put in the jar?
Answer: 1.5 cups
12.
There are 42 notebooks that are going to be given
equally among 7 children. How many notebooks will each
child receive?
Answer:
427 = 6 notebooks will receive by each child

13.
Ricky had 24 boxes of chocolate candies. There were
350 chocolates candies in each box. He repacked all the
chocolate candies into packs of 70 and sold them at Php
24.00 per pack. How much money did he collect from his
total sale?
Answer:
24 x 350 = 8400 chocolate candies
840070 = 120 packs of 70
120 x PhP 24.00=PhP2880.00
14.
Annie, Jenny, Sam, and Gerry want to divide a certain
number of candies in the corresponding ratio of 1:2:4:6.
What is the ratio of the number of Jennys candies to the
number of Gerrys candies?
Answer:
Ratio of Jenny to Gerry is 2:6 change to lowest term
1:3
15.
A rectangular tile is 2 cm by 4 cm. What is the area of
a square with least number of tiles that can be placed side
by side to form a square?
Answer:
4cm
2cm

A tile is 2cm 2cm


, least number to form a square is
2 tiles
4cm
= 4x4 = 16cm2
16.
At a furniture store, a chair was sold for PhP 475.00
less than a side table and PhP 278.00 more than a kitchen
dish cabinet. The total cost of three items was Php 4,175.00.
What was the selling price of the side table?
Solution: A chair = ___________
B chair = Side table 475.00
C chair = Kitchen cabinet + 278.00
A+B+C = 4175.00
4,175 (475-278)
4,175 - 197 = 3 978.00
A+B+C = 3 978.00
3 978.00 3 = 1326.00
A = 1326.00 chair
B = 1801.00 side table
C = 1048.00 - Kitchen Dish Cabinet
Answer: Side table = 1326.00+475 = PhP 1801.00

17.
In a box factory, Ian finished 5 boxes in 2 hours while
Joey finished 10 boxes in 3 hours. If they work at the same
rate, how many boxes can they finished together in 12
hours?
Solution: Ian = 5:2 = n:12
Joey = 10:3 = n:12
60 = 2n
120 = 3n
n = 60/2
n = 120/3
n = 30
n = 40
Answer: Ian 30 boxes, Joey 40 boxes, so 30+40 = 70 boxes
18.
Mother had 168 kg of flour. She packed it into 7/10 kg
per .3/5 packs of flour were sold to Tasing at P 3.60 per
pack. How much money did Tasing pay for the flour?
Solution: 168 7 = 1680 = 240 packs
10 7
3/5 of 240 = 3/5 of 240/1 = 720 = 144 packs
144 packs x P 3.60 = P 518.40
Answer: P 518.40
19.
Dario gave 1/3 of his oranges to his brother and
donated 160 oranges to children in the neighborhood. He
found that he had 240 oranges left. What fraction of the
oranges did Dario have left? Express your answer in lowest
term.
Solution:
160 + 240 = 400
400 is 2/3 of n ; look for the base
400 2/3 = 1200/2 = 600
240/600 120 = 2/5
Answer: 2/5
20.
What is the missing number in the sequence?
1,4,4,7,10,16,25,40,______?
Solution:
1+4 = 5-1 = 4
4+4 = 8-1 = 7
4+7 = 11-1 = 10
7+10 = 17-1 = 16
10+16 = 26-1 = 25
16+25 = 41-1 = 40
25+40 = 65-1 = 64
Answer: 64

21.
Uncle Tirso had some fruits. 5/9 of the fruits were
oranges. 1/3 of the remaining fruits were apples. The rest
were guavas. What fraction of the fruits were guavas?
Solution:
9/9 all fruits - 5/9 oranges = 4/9 remaining fruits
1/3 of 4/9 = 4/27 apples
2/3 of 4/9 = 8/27 guavas
Answer: 2/3 x 4/9 = 8/27
22.
Tony subtracted a number from 21. He then multiplied
the difference by 3 and divided the product by 8. If the
quotient was 6, what was the number?
Solution: 21-Nx38=6
6x8 = 48, 483 = 16, 21-16= 5
Answer: 5
23.
The price of the kilogram of fish increased 3 times
during summer. How many percent was the increased?
Answer:
3 = 3.5 x 100 = 350% -base100 =250%
24.
If 4/7 of a number is 112, what is 7/4 of the number?
Answer: 4/7 of N = 112 then 7/4 of N = N
1124/7 = 112 x 7/4 = 784/4 = 196
7/4 x 196 = 1372/4 = 343
25.
What is the difference of 4 and 2 hundredths and 3 and
27 thousandths?
Answer: 4.020 3.027 = 0.993
26.
If 25 +
- 115 = 75, what number is in
Answer: 165
25 +
- 115 = 75
115+75 = 190, 190 25 = 165
Check: 165 +25 = 190 , 190 -115 = 75

27.
Basha bought 8 t-shirts and 5 pairs of shorts pants for
PhP 1,062.00. Each pair of short pants cost twice as much
as a t-shirt. How much is the cost of the t-shirt?
Answer: P 59.00 cost of t-shirt
8 t-shirts = 8, 5 short pants x 2 = 10
8+10 = 18
Php 1,062 18 = PhP 59.00

t-shirts 8 x 59 = 472.00, short pants 118 x 5 = 590.00


so 472.00 + 590.00 = Php 1 062.00
28.
Each box contains 48 candies. Out of 77 boxes of
candies, 29 were sold. The remaining boxes of candies were
repacked in packs of 50. How many packs of 50 candies
were there?
Answer:
77 29 = 48, 48 x 48 = 2304 / 50 = 46.08 so therefor
there are 46 packs of 50 candies.
29.
The ratio of two numbers is 7:9. If their sum is 192,
what is there difference?
Answer:
Add the ratio 7+9 = 16, then 192 16 = 12
7x12 = 84 , 9x12=108,
108 + 84 = 192 (sum)
108 84 = 24 (difference)
30.
Pens are sold in bundles of 25. For every 5 bundles of
pens that you buy, you will get an extra of 3 pens. If you
want to buy 364 pens for your friends, how many bundles of
pens must you buy?
Answer:
25x5=125+3 = 128 = 5 bundles
128 = 5 bundles
128 = 5 bundles
384 = 15 bundles
You need to buy 15 bundles of pens.
31.
Three squares are place together to form a rectangle.
If each square has an area of 93cm 3, what is the perimeter
of the rectangle formed?
Answer:
Area of 1 square is 9 cm 2 each side of square is 3cm,
therefore if you put together the 3 squares side by side
it will have a length of 9 cm and a width of 3 cm so the
perimeter is 24 cm.
9 cm
3cm
3cm

32.
When Tessa bought a glass of juice for P 25.00 and a
sandwich for P 48.00, she still had P 68.00 left in her wallet.
How much money did Tessa have at the beginning?
Answer:
Add expenses and money left to get the total money
PhP 25.00 + PhP 48.00 + PhP 68.00 = PhP 141 total
money of Tessa.
33.
The volume of rectangular block is 3,000 dm 3. What is
its volume in cm3?
Answer:
Convert 3000dm3 to cm3
1dm3 = 1000 cm3
3000 x 1000 = 3,000,000
3,000,000 cm3
34.
A baker packed 29 boxes of 9 cupcakes each pack
and had 3 cupcakes left. How many more boxes of cupcakes
would he get if he packed 3 cupcakes into each box instead?
Answer:
Get the total number of cupcakes
(29x9)+3 = 264 cupcakes/3 = 88 boxes
88 boxes 29 boxes = 59 more boxes
35.
The product of two-digit numbers is 351. What is their
sum?
Answer:
The two digit number that you can use are 27 and 13.
27x13 = 351, so 27 + 13 = 40
36.
How many 25 thousandths are there in 5/8?
Answer: 25
5/8 25/1000 we cannot divide so use the
reciprocal
5/8 x 1000/25 = 5000/125 = 25
37.
What is the sum of the digits in the product of 23
hundreds and 2 tens?
Answer: 10
2 300 x 20 = 46 000 = 4+6+0+0+0= 10
38.
What is the sum of 3 consecutive odd numbers if the
largest of these numbers is 19?

Answer: 51
If the largest odd number given is 19, the three
consecutive odd number are 15,17,19, then add
them 15+17+19=51
39.
A tank has a capacity of 50 liters. How many seconds
will it be filled if its flow rate is 2.5 liters per second?
Answer: 20 seconds
Just divide 50 liter by 2.5 liters = 20.
40.
Lito is weighing his school bag. He says If I add 725
grams, it will weigh 2 kilograms. How many grams does his
bag weigh?
Answer: 1275g
2kg = 2000g 725g = 1275g
41.
There are 36 packs of candies in a box. The packs of
the candies are divided equally among 4 children. How many
packs will each child receive?
Answer: 9 packs
36 packs divided by 4children = 9
42.
Twenty-seven apples are put in boxes. There are 6
boxes. How many boxes contain exactly the same number of
apples?
Answer: 5 boxes
27 apples divided by 6 boxes = 4.5 round to the
nearest whole number answer is 5.
43.
Liza has read 4/5 of the total number of pages of a
book. Today, she reads 21 pages. She still needs to read
1/10 of the total number of pages to finish reading the book.
How many pages does the book have?
Answer: 210 pages
4/5 is equal to 8/10, 1/10 = 21 pages of the book
so 10/10 or the whole book is 210pages.
44.
Teresa has 53 apples. She is going to give them
equally to 13 children. How many more apples does she
need so that each child will received 6 apples?
Answer: 25 apples
13 children x 6 apples = 78 apples, there are
already 53 apples so 78 53 = 25.

45.
A container holds 8 times the amount of water in a cup
that holds 2 deciliters of water. How many deciliters of water
can be poured into the container?
Answer: 16deciliters
8 x 2 = 16
46.
The sum of 2 numbers is 100. Their difference is 20.
What is the quotient when the bigger number is divided by
the smaller number?
Answer: 1.5
100 20 = 80 2 = 40 smaller number, 40+20= 60
bigger number, 60+40=100, 60-40 = 20, 60 40 =1.5
47.
Betty has PhP 60.00 and Nena has PhP 120.00. How
much money must Betty give to Nena so that the amount of
money Nena has is 5 times that of Betty?
Answer: PhP 30.00
Betty must give PhP 30.00 to Nena so that if
Nenas money divide by Bettys money it is 5
times as many as Bettys.
48.
There are 99 1-cm cubes. If the cubes are arranged to
form 3 cubes of different sizes. What is the length of the
sides of the smallest cube formed?
Answer: 2cm
4x4x4 = 64pcs
3x3x3 = 27pcs
2x2x2 = 8pcs
99pcs
49.
What is the 49th number
4,11,18,25,32,39,...?
Answer: 340
(n -1) interval + the first number
49-1 = 48 x 7 = 336+4 = 340
(Note; n=the place of the last number)

in

the

sequence

50.
Kate collects coins. Everyday, she gets 6 additional
coins, On every 4th day, she gives 4 coins to her sister. If
Kate started with 24 coins, on which day will Kate have 70
coins?
Answer: 9th day