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NEAR ENGLISH BOOK

[Year]

Novral Evendri, S.Pd

2013

Near English Book

PEKANBARU - RIAU

Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 1

DEGREE OF COMPARISON
-er / more + than + ....
Pengertian :
a.
b.
-

Digunakan untuk menyatakan tingkatan


Ciri dari degree of Comparison :
Ada akhiran er
Ada kata more

Example :
-

Old
Tua
Heavy
Berat
Expensive
Mahal

Older
Lebih tua
Heavier
Lebih berat
More Expensive
Lebih mahal

Penggunaannya :
a. Adjective + -er
Kata kata sifat yang menggunakan akhiran er dalam menyatakan tingkatan, adalah
kata-kata sifat yang terdiri dari satu sukukata.
Example :
Old
Older
Rome is old but athens is older. (not more old)
Cheap
Cheaper
Is it cheaper to go by car or bt train ? (not more cheap)
Nice
Nicer
This coat is okay but i think the other one is nicer
Big
Bigger
Sue wants to buy a bigger car
Late
Slow

Later
Slower

b. Adjective berhuruf akhir y


Dalam bentuk Degree of Comparison-nya, kata kata sifat yang huruf terakhirnya y,
menjadi ier
Example :
Easy
Easier
Dont send a letter. It is easier to phone me (not more easy)
Heavy
Heavier
The bag is heavy but the suitcaseis heavier
Early

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Earlier

Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 2

c. .....More..... (More Expensive)


Kita menggunakan ...more..., bila suku kata adjective tersebut lebih dari satu suku kata.
Example :
Modern
More modern
I dont like this house. I prefermore more modern house.
Expensive
More expensive
Is it more expensive to go by car or by train ?
Interesting
More interesting
Dont talk about you job. Lets talk about something more interesting.
Polite
Tired

More polite
More tired

Membandingkan tingkatan :
a. Kita menggunakan than untuk membandingkan tingkatan
b. Than diletakkan setelah comparatives
Example :
-

Lindais 160 cm and Mina is 155cm. Linda is taleer than Mina.


How are you today? Not bad. Better than yesterday.
A is older than B. (artinya : A lebih tua daripada B)
A is more expensive than B.

Adjective yang memiliki perubahan khusus :


- Good/well
- Bad
- Far
-

Better
Worse
Farther

Example :
- The weather wasnt very good yesterday but its better today
- Which is worse a headache or a toothache ?
- Do you feel better today? No, i feel worse
- How far is the station ? a mile ?. No, father. About two miles.

Exercise :
Write sentence Using THAN.....
Example :
Answer :
-

Shierly, Henry and Arthur are all millionaires. They are all very rich
Shierly has 2 million, Henry has 1 million, and Arthur has a half million dollar. So:....
Henry is rich
He is richer than Arthur.But Shierly is richer than he is .

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 3

1. Iam26. Youre 24, So: .....


2. Eka is a very good swimmer. Iam not a very good swimmer. So:...
3. Im 168 cm tall. Tine is 166 cm tall. So:....
4. I start work at 8 oclock. Eben starts work at 8.30. So:....
5. Siti doesnt work very hard. I work very hard. So:...
6. I havent got much money. Eben,Eka,and Tineve got a lot ofmoney. So:....
7. Joshua is a very good diver, Im not a very good drive. So:....
8. Im not a very friendly. Joshua is very friendy. So:....
9. Im not a very good dancer. Jonas is a good dancer. So:....
10. Im very intelligent. She isnot very intelligent. So:.....
11. I speak French very well. My father dont speak French very well. So:.....
12. I dont go tothe cinema very much, Henry go to the cinema a lot. So:.....

Near English Book

Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 4

SHOWING SIMILARITIES
Menyatakan persamaan
Dalam bahasa Inggris, untuk menyatakan kesamaan dikenal beberapa ungkapan, antara lain :
-

As ...... as

Ordinal numbers + as....as

The same as

Be similar to

Yang memiliki arti antara lain :


-

Se.... yang....

Sama.....dengan....

Se- .....

Mirip dengan

As .... as
Example :
-

I am sorry i am late. I got here as fast as i cold.


Maaf saya terlambat. I sampai sini secepatnya yang saya bisa.

Can you send me the money as soon as possible, please ?


Bisakah kamu mengirimkan saya uang secepat mungkin ?

Theres plenty of food. You can have as much as you like.


Ada banyak makanan. Kamu boleh mengambil sebanyak yang kamu suka.

Lets walk. Its just as quick as taking the bus.


Ayo kita jalan kaki. (karena) jalan kaki sama cepatnya dengan bis.

Ordinal numbers + as ..... as


Example :
-

Their house is about three times as big as ours.


Rumah mereka sama dengan tiga kali besarnya rumah kita

Petrol is twice as expensive as it was a few years ago.


Minyak bumi sekarang sama dengan dua kali mahalnya dengan harga beberapa tahun
yang lalu.

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 5

The same as
Example :
-

Anns salary is the same as mine. Or ann gets the same salary as me.

Tom is the same age as George.

Whatwould you like to drink ?. i will have the same as you.

Be similar to
Example :
-

Her dress is similar to mine.

His childrens faces are similar to their fathers.

Exercise :
Complete the sentences using as .... as and choose one of the following words !
Bad, Comfortable, Long, Often
Quietly, Soon, Well, well-qualified

Example :
I am sorry i am bit late. I got here ... i could.
Answer :
As fast as
1. It was a difficult question. I answered it ..... i could.
2. How long can i stay with you ?. you can stay .... you like.
3. I need the information quickly, so please let me know ..... possible.
4. I like to keep fit., so i go swimming .... i ca
5. I didnt want to wake anybody, so i came in .... i cold.
6. I am going to sleep on the floor. It is ... sleeping in that hard bed.
7. Why did he get the job rather than me ? i am ... him
8. At first i thought you were nice but really you are ... everybody else.

Write sentences using the same as.


Example :
Sally and Kate are both 22 years old. Sally is Kate.

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 6

Answer :
The same as
9. You and both have dark brown hair. Your hair .......
10. I arrived 10.25 and did you. I ....
11. My birthday is 5 April. Toms birthday is 5 April too. My ...........

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 7

SHOWING DIFFERENCES
Menunjukkan perbedaan
Not as ... as ....
Example :
-

Medan is not as crowded as Jakarta


(=Jakarta is more crowded).

The weather is better than yesterday. It isnt as cold.


(= as cold as yesterday)

I dont play tennis as often as you


(=you play tennis more often).

Less ....(than)
Catatan :
Less... (than) sama dengan not as ... (as) :
Example :
-

I spent less money than you.

(= I didnt spend as much money....)

The city center eas less crowded than usual.


(= it wasnt as crowded...)

Be different from ....


Example :
-

I am different from my sister.

Mrs. Ratna is very different from Mrs.Vonny.

Exercise :
Look at the pictures !
Write sentences about A, B, and C
Example :
C

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 8

Answer :
A is bigger than C but not as big as B

1. A = 165 cm, B = 180 cm, and C = 175 cm.


C is .................... A but ..............................
2. A = $100, B = $75, and C = $150
A is ........................ but ..............................

3. A = $100, B = $75, and C = $150


A is .......................... but ...........
4.

C
5 kg

B
7 kg

A
10 kg

A is ........... but ................

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 9

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


Pengertian :
Digunakan untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang dilakukan pada waktu lampau dan hasilnya
dapat terlihat sekarang.

Have / Has + Participle


Past Participle dari Regular Verb: -ed
Bentuk Past Participle dari Irreguler Verb : Tidak Selalu Sama
Example :
-

I have lost my passport. (= i cant find my passport now).

She is gone to bed. (=She is in bed now)

It is kays birthday tomorrow and i have not bought her a present.

Weve bought a new car. (= we have anew car now)

Bob is on holiday. Oh, where has he gone ?

Are they still having dinner? No, theyve finished.

Exercise :
Arrange the words in the bracket in to
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
Example :
( He clean his shoes )
Answer :
He has cleaned his shoes
1. ( She close the door )
She ......................................
2. ( They go to bed )
They ....................................
3. ( It stop raining )
It .........................................
4. ( He have a bath )
He ........................................
5. ( The picture fall down )

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 10

The picture ........................

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


With Been
Struktur Kalimat :
a. Positive
-

Subject ( I/you//we/they ) + have been ......

Subject ( He/she/it ) + has been .......

b. Negative
-

Subject ( I/you/we/they ) + have not ( Havent ) been .....

Subject ( He/she/it ) + Has not ( hasnt ) been ....

c. Question
-

Have + subject ( I/you/we/they ) + been ...?

Has + subject ( She/he/it ) + been ......?

Example :
Dono : Have you been to home?
Betty : Yes, I have,many times.
Doni

: Have you ever been to Japan ?

Betty : No, Ive never been to Japan.

Ive been to Canada but I havent been to the United states.

Have you been France ? No, I havent

Has Duta ever been to australia ? No, never.

Exercise :
PUT IN

Have (never) been/Has (never) been.

Havent been/Hasnt been.

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 11

Example :
I ...... to Bali before. People say it is very beautiful.

Answer :
Havent been
1. Theres a new restaurant in town. We ....there.
2. Paris is a wonderful city. My husband and I.... there many times.
3. She .... to Australia. She is so lucky getting a holiday present to Australia this month.
4. They ..... to Paris twice. They plan to go there again this year.
5. He .... to Spain. He enjoyed his holiday very much.
6. She .... married five times.
7. What ? You .... to Bali you life time ?

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Page 12

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE


Pengertian
How long have you ?
Perhatikan kejadian berikut ini :
-

Jill is on holiday in London

She arrived in London on Monday

Today is Friday

How long has she been in London ?

She has been in London since Monday / for for days

She is in London now. But she has been in London since Monday / for four days.

Bandingkan antara present simple dan present perfect :


Present simple

Present perfect

Harry is in Canada

but

He has been in Canada since April

Are you married ?

but

How long have you been married ?

Do you know Sarah ?

but

How long have you known her ? ive known her foe a long time

Linda lives in London

but

How long has she lived in London ? she has lived there all her life

We have a car

but

How long have you had your car ? we ve had it for a year.

Exercise :
Make Question with HOW LONG ....:
Example :
Jill is in London
Answer :
How long has she been in London ?
1. Mike and Judy arein Brazil.
How long ............?
2. Diana is learning Italian
How long ............ ?
3. My brother lives in Germany
How long ............ ?

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Page 13

4. It is raining.
How long ............ ?
5. Bill is a teacher
How long ............ ?
6. I know Margaret
How long ............ ?
7. I have a motor bike
How long ............ ?
8. Linda and Frank are married.
How long ............ ?
9. Alan works in London
How long ............ ?

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 14

QUESTION TAGS
Pengertian :
Question tags adalah pertanyaan yang di tambahkan di akhir kalimat. Question tag di
gunakan untuk meyakinkan bahwa informasi mereka itu benar untuk mencari persetujuan.
Example :
-

Desta can come, cant he ?

Adi cant come, can he ?

POSITIVE SENTENCE + NEGATIVE TAG


POSITIVE ANSWER ECPECTED
Example :
-

Nana is here, isnt she ? Yes, she is

You like coffe, dont you ? Yes, I do

They have left, havent they ? Yes, they have.

NEGATIVE SENTENCE + POSITIVE TAG


NEGATIVE ANSWER EXPECTED

Example :
-

Nana isnt here, is she ? No, she isnt

You dont like coffe do you ? No, I dont

They havent left, have they ? No, they havent

Perhatikan tips tips berikut ini :


1. Tag pronoun untuk this / that di gunakan it.
Example :

This / that is your book, isnt it ?

2. Tag pronoun untuk these / those di gunakan they.


Example :

These / those are yours, arent they ?

3. Kalimat yang menggunakan there + be, there di gunakan dalam tag :


Example :

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There is a meeting tonight, isnt there ?

Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 15

4. It biasanya di gunakan untuk everything / nothing


Example :

Everything is okay, isnt it ?


Nothing is wrong, is it ?

5. They biasanya di gunakan untuk everyone, everybody, someone, somebody, no


one, no body.
Example :

Everyone took the test, didnt they ?


Nobody called on the phone, did they ?

6. Kalimat yang bermakna negatif, question tagnya positif


Example :

You've never been there, have you ?

7. Setelah kata lets, question tagnya adalah shall we ?


Example :

Lets go for a walk, shall we ?

8. Setelah kata perintah (inferative), question tagnya biasanya will you ?


Example :

Open the door, will you ?


Dont be late, will you ?
Arent I ? = am i not
Im late, arent I ?

Exercise :
Add tag question to the following :
Example :
They want to come ..... ?
Answer :
They want to come, dont they ?
1. Meffy is a dentist ............ ?
2. They wont be here ......... ?
3. There arent any problems ......... ?
4. That isyour umbrella ........ ?
5. Danang is a student ....... ?
6. Kirana cant come with us ...... ?
7. Dont smoke here ....... ?
8. Im too impatient ....... ?
9. Lets go out tonight ...... ?
10. You werent listening to me ...... ?

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Page 16

ADVERBS
Pengertian
Adverbs menerangkan bagaimana sesuatu terjadi atau bagaimana seseorang melakukan
sesuatu.
Example :
-

He ate his dinnervery quickly

Suddenly the shelf fell down

Quickly dan Suddenly adalah adverbs.


Adjective + -Iy

: Adverb

Quick

- quickly

Bad

- Badly

Sudden

- Suddenly

Heavy

- Heavily

Careful

- Carefully

Easy

- Easily

Example :
-

The rain stopped suddenly

I opened the door slowly

Please listen carefully

I understand your perfectly

Its raining heavily

Adjective
-Sue is very quite

Adverb
But Sue speaks very quietly. (not speaks very qiuet)

- Be careful !

Listen carefully ! (not listen careful)

- It was a bad game

Our team played badly.

These words are adjectives and adverbs :


Fast, Hard, Late, Early

Kata-kata tersebut merupakan adjectitive sekaligus adverb


-

Ben is a fast runner

- Ben runs fast (not fastly)

Her job is very hard

- She works very hard (not hardly)

The bus was late/early

- I went to bed late/early

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Page 17

Good (adjective)

Well (adverb)

- Her English is very good

She speaks English very well.


(not speaks English very good)

- Ir was a good game

Our team played well

Tetapi well juga merupakan adjective


Example :
-

How are you ? Im very well. And you ?

Exercise
CHOOSE THE RIGHT WORD
Example :
I opened the door slow / slowly
Answer :
Slowly
1. Bill is a careful / carefully driver
He drives careful / carefully
2. Can you please repeat that slow / slowly
3. Come on, Bob ! Why are you always so slow / slowly ?
4. The party was very good / well. I enjoyed it very much
5. Yom didnt do very good / well in his examination
6. Dont eat your dinner so quick / quickly. Its not good for you
7. Please be quiet / quietly. Im reading

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Page 18

PREPOSITIONS OF POSITION
On (di atas,,,, )
On a table

On a wall

On a buss

On the ground floor

On a plate

On a door

On a train

On the first floor

On the floor etc

On the ceiling

On a plane

etc

Also on a horse / on a bicycle / on a motor-bike


Example :
-

There are a lot of apples on the tree

There are some books on the shelf and some pictures on the wall

I met Alice on the bus

The office is on the first floor. (Not in the first floor)

Under (dibawah,,,, )
Example :
-

The girl is standing under a tree

The cat is under the table

Im wearing a jacket under my coat

Above (di atas) and Below (di bawah)


Example :
-

A is above the line

B is below the line

The picture are above the shelves

The shelves are below the pictures

Next to / beside (di samping / di sebelah.....)


Between (di antara...)
In front of (di depan...)
Behind (di belakang...)
In the middle (di tengah-tengah...)
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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 19

Example :
-

A is next to B or A is beside B

B is between A and C

D is in front of B

E is behind B

B is in the middle

A is on the left

C is on the right

B is in the middle (of the group)

Also

Opposite (letaknya berlawanan dengan...)


Example :
The supermarket is opposite the cinema

Exercise
Complete the sentences using a prepositions of position
Example :
The cat is ... the table
Answer :
Under
1. There is a tree................................................................ the house
2. My flat is......................................................................... a shop
3. She is standing.................................................................. the piano
4. His name is...................................................................... the door
5. The town hall is............................................................... the station
6. The switch is........................................................................the windows
7. The cupboard is....................................................................... the sink
8. There are some shoes................................................................ the bed
9. In Britain, we drive.................................................................... the left

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 20

GIVING DIRECTIONS
The expressions of giving directions imperative
-

Turn left at the end of Howitzer street

Turn right / go straight on at Sudirman street

Go along / drive up Boulevard Rayha street

Go straight down this street

Go straight up this street


Grand
Hyatt

Turn left

Seorang pria menannyakan letak Hotel

Turn right

Go
Along

Turn right

Grand Hyatt kepada David.

Lihat peta di atas untuk memberikan arah


Man

: Can you tell me where the Grand Hyatt Hotel is, please ?

David : Certainly, were in Sudirman street. Turn left at the roundabout


Man

: Turn left. Then ?

David : Then go straight up little bit, and the Grand Gyatt Hotel is on your right. Its
opposite, and next to Plaza Indonesia

Exercise :
Fill in the blanks with turn left, turn right, go straight
1. Budi : Excuse me. Could you tell me where the post office is ?
Nana : From maple street, you....... and ........ the main street and then you .....
on the first turn. Its on Elm Street.
2. Sonya : Excuse me, man. I need to go to a shoe stove. Can you show me?
Mrs. Banu : Sure. From this main streetyou just ...... Its next to Bettys Gift
shop. Its on your right
3. Dedi

: Excuse me. Wheres the Police station ?


Caca : From here. You...... and........ The main street
Then you ...... youll meet Cedar Street. Its on the right side

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Page 21

GIVING COMMANDS
WITH TRANSITIONAL MARKERS
Sequence words
First (of all)
Then
After that
Next
Finally
Contoh penggunaan
Recording TV Programmers
First of all, dont forget to switch on the machine.
Then make sure the tape is at the beginning.
Put the cassette into the machine.
After that, choose the TV channel you want to record.
Next, press the REC button to start the recording.
At the end of the program, press the STOP Button.
Finally, press REWbutton to rewind the tape.

Exercise :
MAKE SHORT STORY USING TRANSITIONAL MAKERS
(FIRST, THEN, AFTER THAT, BEFORE, ETC)
Buatlah satu cerita pendek menggunakan transitional makers, seperti yang kamu liat pada contoh
dalam grammar !

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Novral Evendri, S.Pd

Page 22

EITHER AND NEITHER


Pengertian
Either and Neither sama-sama digunakan untuk menyatukan suatu pernyataan setuju (pada kalimat
negatif)
Pelajari perbedaan penggunaan keduanya :
EITHER
-

Am / is / are either

Was / were either

Do / does either

Did not either

Have / has either

Can either

Will either

Must either

Etc

Kita menggunakan either setelah kalimat negatif :


Example :
-

Im not happy
Im not happy either (not Im not happy too)

Bill doesnt watch TV


He doesnt read newspaper either

Example :
-

Im not happy

Im not happy either

NEITHER
-

Neither am / is / are.......

Neither was / were......

Neither do / does......

Neither did......

Neither have / has...

Neither can...

Neither will.....

Neither must....

Etc

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Page 23

Example :
-

Im not happy

Neither am I

Neither am I

sama dengan (Im not either)

Neither have I

sama dengan (I havent either)

Example:
-

I havent got a key. Neither have I. (not Neither I have.)

Ann cant cook. Neither can Tom.

I wont (=will not) be here tomorrow. Neither will I

I never eat meat. Neither do I.


You can also use Nor .... (=Neither)

Exercise
Answer with,
NEITHER .... I or I .... EITHER
Example :
Im not hungry......
Answer :
Im not hungry either
1. I cant play the piano..............................................................
2. I havent got any money........................................................
3. I do not work tomorrow........................................................
4. I dont know them very well....................................................
5. I dont like Andi....................................................................
6. I didnt sleep well....................................................................
7. I dont go to the cinema very often.......................................

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Page 24

INDEFINITE PRONOUN
(Someone, no one, every one)
- Body dan one di gunakan untuk orang
Some-

somebody or someone

Any-

anybody or anyone

No-

nobody or no-one

Every-

everybody or every-one

-body dan one sama dalam penggunaannya


Some bod = some one, no body = no one, etc
Example :
Somebody (or someone) has broken the window
Somebody / someone artinya seseorang, namun tidak tahu siapa
In positive :
-

There is somebody (or someone) in the garden

Everybody (or everyone) needs friends (=all people need friends)

In questions :
-

Is there anybody (or anyone) in the garden ?

In negative :
-

There isnt anybody (or anyone) in the garden

There is nobody (or no-one) in the garden

Exercise
PUT IN
Somebody (one) / anybody (one)
Nobody (one) / everybody (one)
Example :
Lets have dinner........... is hungry
Answer :
Everybody
1. Did.... see you ? No........
2. Do you know ........ In Landon ? Yes, Ive got a few friends there.
3. .... has broken the window
4. Is there ..... in the class?
5. ...... needs friends
6. I like the people here....... Is very friendly
7. What is going to happen ? I dont know....... knows

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Page 25

INDEFINITE PRONOUN
(Something, nothing)
Thing digunakan untuk benda
Some-

something

Any-

anything

No-

nothing

Every-

everything

Example :
There is something in his mouth
Something artinya sesuatu, namun tidak tahu apa
In positives :
Example :
-

She said something but I didnt understand her.

In questions :
Example :
-

Are you doing anything this evening ?

In negatives :
Example :
-

Its dark. I cant see anything

What did you say? nothing

Exercise
PUT IN
Something anything nothing everything
Example :
They werent hungry, so they didnt eat......
Answer :
Anything
1. Joy know ........... about computer

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Page 26

So she takes a computer course


2. Whats wrong? Ive got .......... in my eye.
3. Whats in that cupboard? ....... Its empty.
4. Its a nice hotel. Its comfortable and ..... is clean
5. Youre right ... you say is true
6. Its dark. I cant see...........
7. She said ........ but we couldnt hear it

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Page 27

REFLEXIVE PRONOUN
(Myself / your self / himself etc)
Perhatikan ilustrasi berikut ini :
-

Jack is looking at

Tom

He

him

is looking at

(He dan him adalah orang yang berbeda)

Tom is looking in the mirror

He

is looking at himself

(He dan himself adalah orangyang sama)


Perhatikan penggantian subjek berikut ini :
1. I
2. He
3. She
4. You

me

myself

I looked at myself
him

himself

He looked at himself
her

herself

She looked at herself


you

yourself

You looked at yourself (one person)

You looked at yourselves (two or more people)

5. We
6. They
-

us

ourselves

We looked at ourselves
them

themselves

They looked at themselves

Example :
-

I cut myself with a knife. (not I cut me)

She fell off her bicycle but she didnt hurt herself

Do you sometimes talk yourself when you are alone ?

If you want some more food, help yourselves

Did they pay for themselves or did you pay for them ?

Did you all have a nice time? Yes, we enjoyed ourselves.

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Perhatikan Tips di bawah ini !


By myself / by your self, etc = alone
Example :
-

I went on holiday by myself (=I went on holiday alone)

She wasnt with her friends. She was by herself

Selves and eachother


Example :
-

I looked at myself and Tom looked at himself. We looked at ourselves (in the
mirror). But I looked at Tom and he looked at me. We looked at each other.)

Jill and Ann are good friend. They know each other very well. Jill knows Ann and
Ann knows Jill.

Paul and live near each other. Paul lives near me and I live near him)

Exercise :
Finish the sentences with myself / yourself etc
Example :
I cut .... with a knife
Answer :
Myself
1. Be careful ! That plate is very hot. Dont burn..........
2. Im not angry with you. Im angry with...........
3. They never think about other people. They only think about.........
4. I got out of the bath and dried ......... with a towel
5. When people are alone, they often talk to ..............
6. The police say that the woman shot ......... with a gun
7. Dont pay for me. I want to pay for ............
8. He fell off the ladder but he didnt hurt .........
9. Id like to knows more about you. Tell me about ..... (one person)
10. Goodbye ! Have a good holiday and look after ..(two people)

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Page 29

ONE AND ONES


Perhatikan penggunaanya dalam kalimat berikut :
-

Would you like a chocolate ?


Would you like one ?

I need a pen
Have you got one ? (one = a pen)

I need cigarettes
Have you got ones ?

One (singular) = (a chocolate, a pen, etc)


Ones (plural) = (cigarettes, etc)
Which one (singular)
-

Which car is yours ?

Which one is yours ? This one or that one

Which ones (plural)


-

Which flowers do you want ?

Which ones do you want ? These or those

The one
-

Which hotel did you stay at ?

The one near the station

The ones
-

Which cigarettes are yours ?

The ones on the table

The ....... one


-

I dont like the black coat, but I like the brown one

Dont buy that camera. Buy the other one

The .... ones


-

Dont buy those apples. Buy the other ones

I dont like the red shoes but I like the green ones

A / an ... one
-

This cup is dirty. Can I have a clean one ?

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That biscuit was nice. Im going to have another one

(Some) ........ ones


-

My shoes are very old. I must buy some new ones

These cups are dirty. Can we have some clean ones ?

Exercise :
Make a simple conversation
Using ONE or ONES
Example :
A : We stayed at a hotel
B : Which one ?
A : ....................................
Answer :
A : We stayed at a hotel
B : Which one ?
A : The one near the station
The coat is black
The picture are one the wall
The girl is tall with long hair
The books are one the top shelf
The house has got a red door
The flowers are yellow
The man has got a moustache and glasses
The shoes are green
I took the photographs one the beach last week

1. A : Those shoes are nice


B : ......................................
A : ......................................
2. A : Thats a nice house
B : .......................................
A : .......................................
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3. A : I like that coat


B : .......................................
A : .......................................
4. A : I like those pictures
B : ........................................
A : ..........................................
5. A : Are those your books ?
B : ........................................
A : .........................................
6. A : Do you know that girl ?
B : .......................................
A : ....................................
7. A : Those flowers are beautiful
B : ................................................
A : ................................................
8. A :Whos that man ?
B : ................................................
A : ................................................
9. A : Have you seen my photograps ?
B : .................................................
A : ................................................

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THE USE OF
ANOTHER, OTHER (S), THE OTHER (S)
Form of other digunakan sebagai adjective dan pronoun (kt ganti)
Adjective
-

Singular

another book (is)

Plural

other books (are)

Singular

the other book (is)

Plural

the other books (are)

Another (is)

bererti : yang satu lagi

Other (is)

(tanpa the) berarti : yang lainnya

The other (is)

berarti : sisanya lagi

The others (are)

berarti : sisanya lagi

Pronoun

Example :
a. The students in the class come from many countries
One of the students is from Mexico
Another student is from Japan
Another is from Iraq
Other students are from Brazil
Others are from Nigeria
b. I have thee books. Two are mine
The other book is yours. (The other is yours)
c. I have three books. One is mine
The others are yours. (The other are yours)
Catatan :
Akhirnya s hanya digunakan untuk pronoun yang plural (other)

Exercise :
PUT IN
ANOTHER,OTHER, THE OTHER
AND THE OTHERS

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Example :
A : Do you like this book ?
B : No I dont. I like ..........
Answer :
B : No I dont. I like the other one
1. I got three letters. One was from my father ..... One was from my sister ..... letter was from
my girlfriend
2. I invited five people to my party. Out of those five people, only Bagus and Nadya can come,
..... cant come
3. There are many means of transportation. The airplane is one means of transportation.
Thetrain is .....
4. Look at your hands. One is your right hand ..... is your left hand
5. I would like to read about this subject. Do you have aby ..... looks that you could lend me ?

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