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Section 1208. Skylights.

constructed of incombustible materials. Railings shall be


(a) All skylights shall be constructed with metal frames except
provided for balconies, landings, or porches which are more
those for Groups A and J Occupancies. Frames of skylights
than 750 millimeters above grade.
shall be designed to carry loads required for roofs. All Section 1210. Penthouses and Roof Structures.
skylights, the glass of which is set at an angle of less (a) Height
than 45 degrees from the horizontal, if located above the
No penthouse or other projection above the roof in
first storey, shall be set at least 100 millimeters above structures of other than Type V construction shall exceed
the roof. Curbs on which the skylights rest shall be
8.40 meters above the roof when used as an enclosure for
constructed of incombustible materials except for Typestanks
1
or for elevators which run to the roof and in all
or 11 Construction.
other cases shall not extend more than 3.60 meters in
(b) Spacing between supports in one direction for flat wired
height with the roof.
glass in skylights shall not exceed 625 millimeters.
(b) Area
Corrugated wired glass may have supports 1.50 meters The
apart
aggregate area of all penthouses and other roof
in the direction of the corrugation. All glass in skylights structures shall not exceed one third of the area of the
shall be wired glass: Except, that skylights over vertical supporting roof.
shafts extending through two or more storeys shall be (c) Prohibited Uses
glazed with plain glass as specified in this Code:
No penthouse, bulkhead, or any other similar projection
Provided, that wire glass may be used in ventilation equal
above the roof shall be used for purposes other than
to not less than one-eight the cross-sectional area of theshelter of mechanical equipment or shelter of vertical
shaft but never less than 1.20 meters is provided at the shaft openings in the roof. A penthouse or bulkhead used
top of such shaft. Any glass not wire glass shall be
for purposes other than that allowed by this Section shall
protected above and below with a screen constructed ofconform
wire
to the requirements of this Code for an additional
not smaller than 2.5 millimeters in diameter with a mesh
storey.
not larger than 25 millimeters. The screen shall be
(d) Construction
substantially supported below the glass.
Roof structures shall be constructed with walls, floors,
(c) Skylights installed for the use of photographers may and
be roof as required for the main portion of the building
constructed of metal frames and plate glass without wire
except in the following cases:
netting.
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________
Anotated PRESIDENTIAL DECREE (P.D.) NO. 1096
Anotated PRESIDENTIAL DECREE (P.D.) NO. 1096
(The 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines/ NBCP) page
(The 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines/ NBCP)
44 of 81
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(1) On Types III and IV constructions, the exterior
(d) Ordinary glass may be used in the roof and skylightswalls
for and roofs of penthouses which are 1.50
greenhouses, Provided, that height of the greenhouses at
meters or more from an adjacent property line may
the ridge does not exceed 6.00 meters above the grade.be
The
of one-hour fire-resistive incombustible
use of wood in the frames of skylights will be permitted construction.
in
greenhouses outside of highly restrictive Fire Zones if the
(2) Walls not less than 1.50 meters from an exterior
height of the skylight does not exceed 6.00 meters above
wall of a type IV construction may be of one-hour
the grade, but in other cases metal frames and metal sash
fire-resistive incombustible construction. The
bars shall be used.
above restriction shall not prohibit the placing
(e) Glass used for the transmission of light, if placed in of wood flagpoles or similar structures on the
floors or sidewalks, shall be supported by metal or
roof of any building.
reinforced concrete frames, and such glass shall not be (e) Towers and Spires
less than 12.5 millimeters in thickness. Any such glass Towers and spires when enclosed shall have exterior walls
over 100 square centimeters in area shall have wire mesh
as required for the building to which they attached. Towers
embedded in the same or shall be provided with a wire not enclosed and which extend more than 20.00 meters above
screen underneath as specified for skylights in this Code.
the grade shall have their framework constructed of iron,
All portions of the floor lights or sidewalk lights shall
steel, or reinforced concrete. No tower or spire shall
be of the same strength as required for floor is surrounded
occupy more than one-fourth of the street frontage of any
by a railing not less than 1.10 meters in height, in whichbuilding to which it is attached and in no case shall the
case the construction shall be calculated for not less than
base area exceed 150 square meters unless it conforms
roof loads.
entirely to the type of construction requirements of the
Section 1209. Bays, Porches, and Balconies.
building to which it is attached and is limited in height
(a) Walls and floors in bay and oriel windows shall conform
as main
to
part of the building. If the area of the tower and
the construction allowed for exterior walls and floors of spire exceeds 10.00 square meters any horizontal cross
the type of construction of the building to which they are
section, its supporting frames shall extend directly to the
attached. The roof covering of a bay or oriel window shall
ground. The roof covering of the spires shall be as
conform to the requirements of the roofing of the main required for the main room of the rest of the structure.
roof. Exterior balconies attached to or supported by wallSkeleton towers used as radio masts, neon signs, or
required to be of masonry, shall have brackets or beamsadvertisement frames and placed on the roof of any building

shall be constructed entirely of incombustible materials concrete not less than 200 millimeters
when more than 7.50 meters in height, and shall be directly
thick, Except, that stone masonry
supported on an incombustible framework to the ground.
shall
No be not less than 300 millimeters
such skeleton towers shall be supported on roofs of
thick and, in addition shall be lined
combustible framings. They shall be designed to withstand
withanot less than 100 millimeters of
wind load from any direction in addition to any other
firebrick laid in a solid bed of fire
loads.
clay mortar with solidly filled head,
Section 1211. Chimneys, Fireplaces, and Barbecues.
bed, and wall joints, starting not
(a) Chimneys
less than 600 millimeters below the
(1) Structural Design
chimney connector entrance. Chimneys
Chimneys shall be designed, anchored, supported,
extending 7.50 meters or less above
reinforced, constructed, and installed in
the chimney connector shall be lined
accordance with generally accepted principles of
to the top.
engineering. Every chimney shall be capable of
(2.4) Masonry Chimneys for High-Heat
producing a draft at the appliance not less than
Appliances
that required for the safe operation of the
Masonry chimneys for high-heat
appliance connected thereto. No Chimney shall
appliances shall be constructed with
support any structural load other than its own
double walls of solid masonry units or
weight unless it is designed to act as a
reinforced concrete not less than 200
supporting member. Chimneys in a wood-framed
millimeters in thickness, with anr
building shall be anchored laterally at the
space of not less than 50 millimeters
ceiling line and at each floor line which is more
between walls. The inside of the
than 1.80 meters above grade, except when
interior walls shall be of fire-brick
entirely within the framework or when designed to
not less than 100 millimeters in
be free standing.
thickness laid in a solid bed of fire
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clay mortar with solidly filled head,
________
bed, and wall joints.
Anotated PRESIDENTIAL DECREE (P.D.) NO. 1096
__________________________________________________________________
(The 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines/ NBCP)
________
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Anotated PRESIDENTIAL DECREE (P.D.) NO. 1096
(2) Walls
(The 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines/ NBCP) page
Every masonry chimney shall have walls of masonry
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units, bricks, stones, listed masonry chimney
(2.5) Masonry Chimneys for Incinerators
units, reinforced concrete or equivalent solid
Installed in Multi-Storey Buildings
thickness of hollow masonry and lined with
(Apartment-Type Incinerators)
suitable liners in accordance with the following
Chimneys for incinerators installed in
requirements:
multi-storey building using the
(2.1) Masonry Chimneys for Residential Type
chimney passageway as a refuse chute
Appliances
where the horizontal grate area of
Masonry chimneys shall be constructed
combustion chamber does not exceed
of masonry units or reinforced
0.80 square meter shall have walls of
concrete with walls not less than 100
solid masonry or reinforced concrete,
millimeters thick; or of rubble stone
not less than 100 millimeters thick
masonry not less than 300 millimeters
with a chimney lining as specified in
thick. The chimney liner shall be in
this Code. If the grate area of such
accordance with this Code.
an incinerator exceeds 0.80 square
(2.2) Masonry Chimneys for Low Heat
meter, the walls shall not be less
Appliances
than 100 millimeters of firebrick
Masonry chimneys shall be constructed
except that higher than 9.00 meters
of masonry units or reinforced
above the roof of the combustion
concrete with walls not less than 200
chamber, common brick alone 200
millimeters thick: Except, that rubble
millimeters in thickness, may be used.
stone masonry shall be not less than
(2.6) Masonry Chimneys for Commercial and
300 millimeters thick. The chimney
Industrial Type Incinerators Masonry
liner shall be in accordance with this
chimneys for commercial and industrial
Code.
type incinerators of a size designed
(2.3) Masonry Chimneys for Medium-Heat
for not more than 110 kilograms of
Appliances
refuse per hour and having a
Masonry chimneys for medium-heat
horizontal grate area not exceeding
appliances shall be constructed of
0.50 square meter shall have walls of
solid masonry units of reinforced
solid masonry or reinforced concrete

not less than 100 millimeters thick


(8) Separation
with lining of not less than 100
When more than one passageway is contained in the
millimeters of firebrick, which lining
same chimney, masonry separation at least 100
shall extend for not less than 12.00
millimeters thick bonded into the masonry wall of
meters above the roof of the
the chimney shall be provided to separate
combustion chamber. If the design
passageways.
capacity of grate area of such an
(9) Inlets
incinerator exceeds 110 kilograms per
Every inlet to any masonry chimney shall enter
hour and 0.80 square meter
the side thereof and shall be of not less than 3
respectively, walls shall not be less
millimeters thick metal or 16 millimeters
than 200 millimeters thick, lined with
refractory material.
not less than 100 millimeters of
(10) Clearance
firebrick extending the full height of
Combustible materials shall not be placed within
the chimney.
50 millimeters of smoke chamber or masonry
(3) Linings
chimney walls when built within a structure, or
Fire clay chimney lining shall not be less than
within 25 millimeters when the chimney is built
15 millimeters thick.
entirely outside the structure.
The lining shall extend from 200 millimeters
(11) Termination
below the lowest inlet, or, in the case of
All incinerator chimneys shall terminate in a
fireplace, from the throat of the fireplace to a
substantially constructed spark arrester having a
point above enclosing masonry walls. Fire clay
mesh not exceeding 20 millimeters.
chimney linings shall be installed ahead of the
(12) Cleanouts
construction of the chimney as it is carried up,
Cleanout openings shall be provided at the base
carefully bedded one on the other in fire clay
of every masonry chimney.
mortar, with close-fitting joints left smooth on
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the inside. Firebrick not less than 500
________
millimeters thick may be used in place of fire
Anotated PRESIDENTIAL DECREE (P.D.) NO. 1096
clay chimney.
(The 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines/ NBCP) page
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48 of 81
________
(b) Fireplaces and Barbecues
Anotated PRESIDENTIAL DECREE (P.D.) NO. 1096
Fireplaces, barbecues, smoke chambers and fireplace
(The 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines/ NBCP)
Chimneys shall be of solid masonry or reinforced concrete
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and shall conform to the minimum requirements specified in
(4) Area
this Code.
No chimney passageway shall be smaller in area
(1) Fireplace Walls.
than the vent connection of the appliance
Walls of fireplaces shall not be less than 200
attached thereto.
millimeters in thickness. Walls of fireboxes
(5) Height
shall not be less than 250 millimeters in
Every masonry chimney shall extend at least 600
thickness: Except, that where a lining of
millimeters above the part of the roof through
firebrick is used, such walls shall not be less
which it passes and at least 600 millimeters
than 200 millimeters in thickness. The firebox
above the highest elevation of any part of a
shall not be less than 200 millimeters in
building within 3.00 meters to the chimney.
thickness. The firebox shall not be less than 500
(6) Corbeling
millimeters in depth. The maximum thickness of
No masonry chimney shall be corbeled from a wall
joints in firebrick shall be 10 millimeters.
more than 150 millimeters nor shall a masonry
(2) Hoods.
chimney be corbeled from a wall which is less
Metal hoods used as part of a fireplace or
than 300 millimeters in thickness unless it
barbecue shall not be less than No. 18 gauge
projects equally on each side of the wall. In the
copper, galvanized iron, or other equivalent
second storey of a two-storey building of Group A
corrosion-resistant ferrous metal with all seams
Occupancy, corbeling of masonry chimneys on the
and connections of smokeproof unsoldered
exterior of the enclosing walls may equal the
construction. The goods shall be sloped at an
wall thickness. In every case the corbeling shall
angle of 45 degrees or less from the vertical and
not exceed 25 millimeters protection for each
shall extend horizontally at least 150
course of brick.
millimeters beyond the limits of the firebox.
(7) Change in Size or Shape
Metal hoods shall be kept a minimum from
No change in the size or shape of a masonry
combustible materials.
chimney shall be made within a distance of 150
(3) Circulators.
millimeters above or below the roof joints or
Approved metal heat circulators may be installed
rafters where the chimney passes through the
in fireplaces.
roof.
(4) Smoke Chamber.

Front and side walls shall not be less than 200


shall be less than 400 millimeters from
millimeters in thickness. Smoke chamber back
combustible material. This clearance may be
walls shall not be less than 150 millimeters in
reduced to the minimum requirements set forth in
thickness.
this Code.
(5) Fireplace Chimneys.
(7) Area of Flues, Throats, and Dampers.
Walls of chimneys without flue lining shall not
The net cross-sectional area of the flue and of
be less than 200 millimeters in thickness. Walls
the throat between the firebox and the smoke
of chimneys with flue lining shall not be less
chamber of a fireplace shall not be less than the
than 100 millimeters in thickness and shall be
requirements to be set forth by the Board. Where
constructed in accordance with the requirements
dampers are used, they shall be of not less than
of this Code.
No. 12 gauge metal. When fully opened, damper
(6) Clearance of Combustible Materials.
opening shall be not less than ninety percent of
Combustible materials shall not be placed within
the required flue area. When fully open, damper
50 millimeters of fireplace, smoke chamber, or
blades shall not extend beyond the line of the
chimney walls when built entirely within a
inner face of the flue.
structure, or within 25 millimeters when the
(8) Lintel. Masonry over the fireplace opening shall
chimney is built entirely outside the structure.
be supported by a non-combustible lintel.
Combustible materials shall not be placed within
(9) Hearth. Every fireplace shall be provided with a
150 millimeters of the fireplace opening. No such
brick, concrete, stone, or other approved noncombustible
combustible material within 300 millimeters of
hearth slab at least 300 millimeters
the fireplace opening shall project more than 3
wider on each side than the fireplace opening and
millimeters for each 25 millimeters clearance
projecting at least 450 millimeters therefrom.
from such opening. No part of metal hoods used as
This slab shall not be less than 100 millimeters
part of a fireplace, barbecue or heating stoves
thick and shall be supported by a non-combustible
__________________________________________________________________
material or reinforced to carry its own weight
________
and all imposed loads.
Anotated PRESIDENTIAL DECREE (P.D.) NO. 1096
(The 1977 National Building Code of the Philippines/ NBCP)
49 of 81