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Topic : Chapter 6 : Nutrition

Experiment 6.1
1. Problem
Statement

: Does peanut have higher energy value than bread ?

2. Aim

: To determine the energy value in food samples.

3. Hypothesis : Peanut have higher energy value than bread.


4. Variables

: Manipulated : Types of food sample


Responding : The rise in temperature of water
Fixed
: Volume of distilled water

5. Materials

: Peanut, bread, distilled water and starter

6. Apparatus : Boiling tubes, retort stand, plasticine, long pins, thermometer, weighing
Machine, Bunsen burner, wind shield and measuring cylinder
7. Procedures :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

A peanut is weighed and its weight is recorded.


20ml of distilled water is poured into a boiling tube.
The boiling tube is clamped to a retort stand.
The initial temperature of the distilled water in the boiling tube is recorded.
The pointed end of a long pin is poked into a peanut. The other end of the pin is poked
into a piece of plasticine.
The peanut is ignited by using a Bunsen burner and immediately placed under the boiling
tube.
The flame from the peanut is allowed to heat up the water. The water is stirred gently by
using a thermometer to distribute the heat evenly. At the same time the rise in temperature
is observed.
The final temperature of the water is recorded in a table.
The energy value of the peanut is calculated.
Steps 1 to 9 are repeated by using a bread.

8. Results / Data
\

:
Food sample

Weight(g)
Initial temperature of water (oC)
Final temperature of water (oC)
Rise in temperature (oC)

Peanut
0.34
28.5
58.0
29.5

Bread
1.17
29.0
40.0
11.0

Calculation:
We assume that all the heat released from the food sample has been transferred to the water. Since
the specific heat capacity of water = 4.2 J-1g oC-1.
Energy value = 4.2 (Jg-1 oC-1) x mass of water (g) x
increase in temperature ( oC)
_______________________________
Mass of peanut(g) x 1000

10. Data analysis

: Using the formula, energy value for peanut is 7.29kJ/g and energy
value for bread is 0.79kJ/g. The energy value for peanut is higher than
energy value for bread because peanut contain lipid which is have more
energy compare to bread which is carbohydrate that have less energy.
Precaution :
(a) The water is stirred gently by using a thermometer to distribute the
heat evenly
(b) The thermometer must not be allowed to touch the base of the
boiling tube
(c) A shield is used to enclosed the boiling tube to reduce heat loss to
the surrounding
(d) The distance between the food and the boiling tube must not be too
far
(e) The food must be oxidized completely by making sure the flame
does not extinguish too quickly.

11. Conclusion

: Peanut has a higher energy value than bread. The hypothesis is


accepted.

EXPERIMENT 4
( QUESTION 1)
TITLE :
ENERGY VALUE
MEMBERS GROUP :
1. MOHD ZAIN BIN MOHAMED SALIH
(SM AGAMA LUGHATUL QURAN)
2. ROZIAH BT MOHAMED
(SMK SERI MENANTI)
3. SITI ARLEENA LAILY BT MUHAMAD LATIF
(SMK SAGIL)
4. SITI HURAIZAH BT MD ISHAK
(SMJK PEI HWA)
5. FARAHDIANA BT MOHD OYUB
(SMK DATO SRI AMAR DIRAJA)