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The Hardy-Weinberg equation 2 . Transcription and Translation • Population genetics-Gene pool. Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology Group-A BIOLOGY (65%) Unit 1: Cell Biology • Structure and function of cell components-Cell membrane. Golgi complex. chromosomes • Mitosis and meiosis cell division • Chemicals of life-Carbohydrates. Ribosome. Allele frequency.Cell Biology FORENSIC SCIENCE BIOLOGY 2. Mitochondria. Ecosystem 6. of Questions and Weightage Marks Long Answer Short Answer Type Question Type Questions (3) (14) 2 x 10 marks = 9 x 5 marks = 45 65 20 marks marks Full Marks 100 3. Minerals and Water Unit 2: Genetics • Mendel’s work • Chromosomal theory of inheritance • Linkage and crossing over • Sex determination • Sex linked inheritance • Gene interactions-Co-dominance.Endocrinology 5. Nucleic acids. Nucleus.Medical Jurisprudence 10. Amino acids. Lysosome.Introduction to 1 x 10 marks = 5 x 5 marks = 25 35 Forensic Science 10 marks marks 8. Epistasis • Variation • Mutation • Genetic material-Replication. Lipids. Multiple alleles.Subject Unit 1.Immunology 4.Crime Scene Investigation 9. Genotype frequencies.Genetics No. Proteins.Wildlife Management 7.

vulnerable. Immunity to infection and Immunodeficiency Unit 4: Endocrinology • Structure and functions of thyroid. sex ratio. Group-B FORENSIC SCIENCE (35%) Unit 7: Introduction to Forensic science • Definition • History • Principles • Different branches • Importance of forensic science 3 . human population and its impacts on eco-degradation • Pollution: Water.Prey relationship and competition. Carbon. food webs and food pyramids) • Ecosystem managements • Biochemical cycles (Nitrogen. dispersal and population growth including potential. noise. pineal body. thymus. adrenal. pyramid. pituitary. rare and threatened species • Endangered animals of Nepal. Importance of wild life management. Economic exploitation and its impact in nature • Definition of endangered. hypothalamus. natality. and their control measures Unit 6: Wild Life Management • Introduction to biodiversity • Wild Life and Its Management: Wild Life National Parks and Reserves of Nepal • Wild life distribution in ecological Zones • Wild life values. immigration. emigration. mortality. • Ecosystem energetic (Energy flow through trophic level. • Predator.Unit 3: Immunology • Immunity • Structure and Functions of Immune System • Antigen • Antibodies-immunoglobulin • Complement System • Immune response • Antigen-Antibody Reactions • Hypersensitivity. Autoimmunity. pancreas and gonads Unit 5: Ecology • Components of ecosystem. Phosphorous) • Population: Population density. Conservation of wild life in Nepal. parathyroid. air.

AFIS. labeling and forwarding of various physical evidences. punctured and lacerated wounds Unit 10: Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology. secondary relaxation (putrefaction. Chain of custody Unit 9: Medical Jurisprudence • Modes of Death-Coma. modern aids • Crime Scene Safety-Types of Hazards. adipocere formation. mummification) • Death from Asphyxia-Hanging. as Evidence. Saliva. photography. syncope. incised. asphyxia • Changes after death-Primary relaxation. Sweat. Gas Unit 8: Crime Scene Investigation • Basic steps in crime scene investigation-protection.• Existing scenario of forensic science in Nepal • Recent Advances in Forensic Science (DNA Chromatograph Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS). Routes of Exposure. strangulation. sketching. rigor mortis. handling and collection of evidence.Secretor Group • Acid Phosphatase Test for Semen. Blood. drowning • Types of wounds-Bruises or contusions. Personnel Protective Equipment • Physical Evidence-Classification. Vaginal secretion etc. preservation. sources. • Presumptive Test of Blood (Kastle Meyer Test. Types of Safety. etc profiling. suffocation. • Importance of body fluids • Different Types of Body Fluids viz. Nasal Secretion. Tear. Microscopic Examination for sperms • Hair examination • Skeletal remains and its importance 4 . handling. collection. Benzidine Test) • Takayama Test • Species Identification • ABO Blood Group and its inheritance • Absorption Elution Technique for Dry Blood grouping • Secretor and Non . importance. search. types. abrasions. Semen.

2. Describe the basic steps involved in crime scene investigation. Write a short note on asphyxia. Describe the structure and functions of mitochondria. 4. 3. 3. Describe the causes. Differentiate between DNA and RNA. Short Answer Type Questions 1.Sample Questions Long Answer Type Questions 1. (10 marks) (10 marks) (10 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) 5 . List ten endangered animals of Nepal. 2. sources and effects of water pollution. Write the functions of pancreas.

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