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The Hardy-Weinberg equation 2 .Subject Unit 1. Mitochondria.Immunology 4. Proteins. Multiple alleles. Lipids.Crime Scene Investigation 9.Medical Jurisprudence 10. chromosomes • Mitosis and meiosis cell division • Chemicals of life-Carbohydrates. Transcription and Translation • Population genetics-Gene pool. Amino acids. Allele frequency. Golgi complex. Lysosome.Cell Biology FORENSIC SCIENCE BIOLOGY 2. of Questions and Weightage Marks Long Answer Short Answer Type Question Type Questions (3) (14) 2 x 10 marks = 9 x 5 marks = 45 65 20 marks marks Full Marks 100 3. Nucleus. Nucleic acids. Ribosome.Genetics No.Introduction to 1 x 10 marks = 5 x 5 marks = 25 35 Forensic Science 10 marks marks 8. Epistasis • Variation • Mutation • Genetic material-Replication. Ecosystem 6. Minerals and Water Unit 2: Genetics • Mendel’s work • Chromosomal theory of inheritance • Linkage and crossing over • Sex determination • Sex linked inheritance • Gene interactions-Co-dominance. Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology Group-A BIOLOGY (65%) Unit 1: Cell Biology • Structure and function of cell components-Cell membrane. Genotype frequencies.Wildlife Management 7.Endocrinology 5.

food webs and food pyramids) • Ecosystem managements • Biochemical cycles (Nitrogen.Unit 3: Immunology • Immunity • Structure and Functions of Immune System • Antigen • Antibodies-immunoglobulin • Complement System • Immune response • Antigen-Antibody Reactions • Hypersensitivity. pituitary. and their control measures Unit 6: Wild Life Management • Introduction to biodiversity • Wild Life and Its Management: Wild Life National Parks and Reserves of Nepal • Wild life distribution in ecological Zones • Wild life values. adrenal. Conservation of wild life in Nepal. Immunity to infection and Immunodeficiency Unit 4: Endocrinology • Structure and functions of thyroid. mortality. parathyroid. rare and threatened species • Endangered animals of Nepal. pyramid. pancreas and gonads Unit 5: Ecology • Components of ecosystem. emigration. Importance of wild life management.Prey relationship and competition. human population and its impacts on eco-degradation • Pollution: Water. Carbon. pineal body. • Ecosystem energetic (Energy flow through trophic level. sex ratio. air. immigration. thymus. vulnerable. hypothalamus. dispersal and population growth including potential. • Predator. Autoimmunity. Economic exploitation and its impact in nature • Definition of endangered. Group-B FORENSIC SCIENCE (35%) Unit 7: Introduction to Forensic science • Definition • History • Principles • Different branches • Importance of forensic science 3 . natality. Phosphorous) • Population: Population density. noise.

abrasions. labeling and forwarding of various physical evidences. AFIS. Tear. incised. Gas Unit 8: Crime Scene Investigation • Basic steps in crime scene investigation-protection. handling. etc profiling. collection. asphyxia • Changes after death-Primary relaxation. importance. Routes of Exposure. mummification) • Death from Asphyxia-Hanging.Secretor Group • Acid Phosphatase Test for Semen. • Importance of body fluids • Different Types of Body Fluids viz. strangulation. Benzidine Test) • Takayama Test • Species Identification • ABO Blood Group and its inheritance • Absorption Elution Technique for Dry Blood grouping • Secretor and Non . search. adipocere formation. photography. preservation. secondary relaxation (putrefaction. Types of Safety. Sweat. Nasal Secretion. modern aids • Crime Scene Safety-Types of Hazards. Semen. types. as Evidence. • Presumptive Test of Blood (Kastle Meyer Test. sources.• Existing scenario of forensic science in Nepal • Recent Advances in Forensic Science (DNA Chromatograph Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS). Saliva. handling and collection of evidence. Blood. Vaginal secretion etc. punctured and lacerated wounds Unit 10: Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology. sketching. Microscopic Examination for sperms • Hair examination • Skeletal remains and its importance 4 . syncope. rigor mortis. drowning • Types of wounds-Bruises or contusions. suffocation. Personnel Protective Equipment • Physical Evidence-Classification. Chain of custody Unit 9: Medical Jurisprudence • Modes of Death-Coma.

(10 marks) (10 marks) (10 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) 5 . 4. Write the functions of pancreas. Differentiate between DNA and RNA. Describe the basic steps involved in crime scene investigation. Short Answer Type Questions 1. sources and effects of water pollution. Write a short note on asphyxia. 2.Sample Questions Long Answer Type Questions 1. 3. 3. 2. Describe the causes. Describe the structure and functions of mitochondria. List ten endangered animals of Nepal.

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