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Mitochondria.Cell Biology FORENSIC SCIENCE BIOLOGY 2. Genotype frequencies. of Questions and Weightage Marks Long Answer Short Answer Type Question Type Questions (3) (14) 2 x 10 marks = 9 x 5 marks = 45 65 20 marks marks Full Marks 100 3. Epistasis • Variation • Mutation • Genetic material-Replication.Wildlife Management 7. Minerals and Water Unit 2: Genetics • Mendel’s work • Chromosomal theory of inheritance • Linkage and crossing over • Sex determination • Sex linked inheritance • Gene interactions-Co-dominance. Golgi complex. Ribosome. Nucleus. Nucleic acids.Introduction to 1 x 10 marks = 5 x 5 marks = 25 35 Forensic Science 10 marks marks 8. Multiple alleles.Subject Unit 1. Proteins. Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology Group-A BIOLOGY (65%) Unit 1: Cell Biology • Structure and function of cell components-Cell membrane. Lysosome. Lipids.Medical Jurisprudence 10.Crime Scene Investigation 9. chromosomes • Mitosis and meiosis cell division • Chemicals of life-Carbohydrates. Amino acids.Genetics No.Immunology 4. Ecosystem 6. Transcription and Translation • Population genetics-Gene pool.Endocrinology 5. Allele frequency. The Hardy-Weinberg equation 2 .

hypothalamus. food webs and food pyramids) • Ecosystem managements • Biochemical cycles (Nitrogen. mortality. Autoimmunity. Importance of wild life management. natality. Phosphorous) • Population: Population density. pancreas and gonads Unit 5: Ecology • Components of ecosystem. pyramid. air. dispersal and population growth including potential. adrenal. Immunity to infection and Immunodeficiency Unit 4: Endocrinology • Structure and functions of thyroid. and their control measures Unit 6: Wild Life Management • Introduction to biodiversity • Wild Life and Its Management: Wild Life National Parks and Reserves of Nepal • Wild life distribution in ecological Zones • Wild life values. noise. pineal body. Economic exploitation and its impact in nature • Definition of endangered. Group-B FORENSIC SCIENCE (35%) Unit 7: Introduction to Forensic science • Definition • History • Principles • Different branches • Importance of forensic science 3 . • Predator. human population and its impacts on eco-degradation • Pollution: Water. vulnerable. Conservation of wild life in Nepal.Prey relationship and competition. Carbon. • Ecosystem energetic (Energy flow through trophic level. pituitary. emigration. sex ratio. parathyroid. immigration.Unit 3: Immunology • Immunity • Structure and Functions of Immune System • Antigen • Antibodies-immunoglobulin • Complement System • Immune response • Antigen-Antibody Reactions • Hypersensitivity. thymus. rare and threatened species • Endangered animals of Nepal.

Nasal Secretion. drowning • Types of wounds-Bruises or contusions. Personnel Protective Equipment • Physical Evidence-Classification. • Importance of body fluids • Different Types of Body Fluids viz. handling and collection of evidence. Routes of Exposure. rigor mortis. importance. modern aids • Crime Scene Safety-Types of Hazards. strangulation. labeling and forwarding of various physical evidences. suffocation. as Evidence. secondary relaxation (putrefaction. Blood. Semen. sketching. Chain of custody Unit 9: Medical Jurisprudence • Modes of Death-Coma. preservation. Microscopic Examination for sperms • Hair examination • Skeletal remains and its importance 4 . syncope. adipocere formation. mummification) • Death from Asphyxia-Hanging. AFIS. collection. Sweat. asphyxia • Changes after death-Primary relaxation. punctured and lacerated wounds Unit 10: Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology. • Presumptive Test of Blood (Kastle Meyer Test.• Existing scenario of forensic science in Nepal • Recent Advances in Forensic Science (DNA Chromatograph Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS). Tear. sources. handling. incised. abrasions.Secretor Group • Acid Phosphatase Test for Semen. Vaginal secretion etc. etc profiling. Types of Safety. types. Benzidine Test) • Takayama Test • Species Identification • ABO Blood Group and its inheritance • Absorption Elution Technique for Dry Blood grouping • Secretor and Non . search. Saliva. photography. Gas Unit 8: Crime Scene Investigation • Basic steps in crime scene investigation-protection.

Differentiate between DNA and RNA. 2. sources and effects of water pollution. (10 marks) (10 marks) (10 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) 5 . Describe the basic steps involved in crime scene investigation. 4. Short Answer Type Questions 1. Write a short note on asphyxia. Describe the structure and functions of mitochondria. 2. Write the functions of pancreas.Sample Questions Long Answer Type Questions 1. 3. 3. Describe the causes. List ten endangered animals of Nepal.

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