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of Questions and Weightage Marks Long Answer Short Answer Type Question Type Questions (3) (14) 2 x 10 marks = 9 x 5 marks = 45 65 20 marks marks Full Marks 100 3. Epistasis • Variation • Mutation • Genetic material-Replication.Medical Jurisprudence 10.Wildlife Management 7. Minerals and Water Unit 2: Genetics • Mendel’s work • Chromosomal theory of inheritance • Linkage and crossing over • Sex determination • Sex linked inheritance • Gene interactions-Co-dominance. The Hardy-Weinberg equation 2 .Immunology 4. Nucleic acids. Transcription and Translation • Population genetics-Gene pool.Genetics No.Introduction to 1 x 10 marks = 5 x 5 marks = 25 35 Forensic Science 10 marks marks 8. Multiple alleles. Proteins. Ecosystem 6. Ribosome.Endocrinology 5. Genotype frequencies. Mitochondria.Crime Scene Investigation 9. chromosomes • Mitosis and meiosis cell division • Chemicals of life-Carbohydrates.Cell Biology FORENSIC SCIENCE BIOLOGY 2.Subject Unit 1. Nucleus. Lipids. Golgi complex. Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology Group-A BIOLOGY (65%) Unit 1: Cell Biology • Structure and function of cell components-Cell membrane. Allele frequency. Amino acids. Lysosome.

air. Economic exploitation and its impact in nature • Definition of endangered.Unit 3: Immunology • Immunity • Structure and Functions of Immune System • Antigen • Antibodies-immunoglobulin • Complement System • Immune response • Antigen-Antibody Reactions • Hypersensitivity. human population and its impacts on eco-degradation • Pollution: Water. noise. Conservation of wild life in Nepal. immigration. emigration. vulnerable. Autoimmunity. adrenal. pyramid. food webs and food pyramids) • Ecosystem managements • Biochemical cycles (Nitrogen.Prey relationship and competition. Immunity to infection and Immunodeficiency Unit 4: Endocrinology • Structure and functions of thyroid. and their control measures Unit 6: Wild Life Management • Introduction to biodiversity • Wild Life and Its Management: Wild Life National Parks and Reserves of Nepal • Wild life distribution in ecological Zones • Wild life values. dispersal and population growth including potential. natality. thymus. pituitary. • Ecosystem energetic (Energy flow through trophic level. • Predator. Phosphorous) • Population: Population density. pineal body. Group-B FORENSIC SCIENCE (35%) Unit 7: Introduction to Forensic science • Definition • History • Principles • Different branches • Importance of forensic science 3 . hypothalamus. rare and threatened species • Endangered animals of Nepal. mortality. Carbon. pancreas and gonads Unit 5: Ecology • Components of ecosystem. parathyroid. Importance of wild life management. sex ratio.

abrasions. Sweat. preservation. punctured and lacerated wounds Unit 10: Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology. Gas Unit 8: Crime Scene Investigation • Basic steps in crime scene investigation-protection. etc profiling. search. drowning • Types of wounds-Bruises or contusions. secondary relaxation (putrefaction. • Importance of body fluids • Different Types of Body Fluids viz. as Evidence. incised. sources. Saliva. mummification) • Death from Asphyxia-Hanging. modern aids • Crime Scene Safety-Types of Hazards. Nasal Secretion. sketching. types.Secretor Group • Acid Phosphatase Test for Semen. strangulation. Personnel Protective Equipment • Physical Evidence-Classification. Vaginal secretion etc. AFIS. rigor mortis. asphyxia • Changes after death-Primary relaxation. Tear. Routes of Exposure. syncope. handling. suffocation. importance. Microscopic Examination for sperms • Hair examination • Skeletal remains and its importance 4 .• Existing scenario of forensic science in Nepal • Recent Advances in Forensic Science (DNA Chromatograph Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS). Benzidine Test) • Takayama Test • Species Identification • ABO Blood Group and its inheritance • Absorption Elution Technique for Dry Blood grouping • Secretor and Non . photography. Semen. Chain of custody Unit 9: Medical Jurisprudence • Modes of Death-Coma. adipocere formation. collection. Types of Safety. handling and collection of evidence. Blood. labeling and forwarding of various physical evidences. • Presumptive Test of Blood (Kastle Meyer Test.

Short Answer Type Questions 1. 3. 3. 4. Write the functions of pancreas. Write a short note on asphyxia. 2. (10 marks) (10 marks) (10 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) 5 . List ten endangered animals of Nepal. Differentiate between DNA and RNA. sources and effects of water pollution. Describe the causes. 2. Describe the basic steps involved in crime scene investigation. Describe the structure and functions of mitochondria.Sample Questions Long Answer Type Questions 1.

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