g]kfn ;/sf

u[x dGqfno

k|x/L k|wfg sfof{no
- dfgj>f]t ljsf; ljefu, egf{ tyf 5gf}6 zfvf _
k|fljlws k|x/L lg/LIfs -ljlwlj1fg ;d'x– Biology pk ;d'x_ sf] v'Nnf k|ltof]lutfsf] lnlvt kl/Iffsf] kf7\os|d

k|yd r/0f M— lnlvt k/LIff
låtLo r/0f M— cGtjf{tf{

k"0ff{Í M— !%)
k"0ff{Í M— @%

k|yd r/0f – lnlvt k/LIff of]hgf


g]kfn k|x/L






k|Zg ;+Vof xcÍef/


#x!) Ö #)
# 306f
!$x% Ö &)




!%x@ Ö #)

! 306f

$x% Ö @)

l4lto r/0f– cGt/jftf{
JolQmut cGtjf{tf{


k/LIff k|0ffnL

!= lnlvt k/LIffsf] dfWod efiff g]kfnL jf c+u|]hL cyjf g]kfnL / c+u|]hL b'j} x'g ;Sg]5 .
@= k|yd / låtLo kqsf] lnlvt k/LIff 5'§f5'§} x'g]5 .
#= k|yd kqdf kf7\oqmdsf PsfO{x?af6 ;f]lwg] k|Zgx?sf] ;+Vof lgDgfg';f/ x'g]5 eg] l4lto kqdf ;f]lwg] k|Zg
;+Vof / c+sef/ l4lto kqsf] kf7\oqmddf pNn]v ul/Psf] 5 .
Forensic Science
kf7\oqmdsf] PsfO{ 1 2 3 4
5 6
nfdf] k|Zg
@ j6f
! j6f
5f]6f] k|Zg
( j6f
% j6f
$= j:t'ut ax'pQ/ (Multiple Choice) k|Zgx?sf] pQ/ ;xL lbPdf k|To]s ;xL pQ/ afkt k'0f{fÍ k|bfg ul/g]5
eg] unt pQ/ lbPdf k|To]s unt pQ/ afkt @) k|ltzt cÍ s§f ul/g]5 . t/ pQ/ glbPdf To; afkt cÍ
lbOg] 5}g / cÍ s§f klg ul/g] 5}g .
%= k|yd r/0fsf] lnlvt k/LIffaf6 5gf}6 ePsf pDd]bjf/x?nfO{ dfq låtLo r/0fsf] cGtjf{tf{df ;lDdlnt u/fOg]5
^= cGtjf{tf{sf] c+sef/ ;DaGwdf k|x/L ;]jfsf] kbdf lgo'lQm / a9'jf ubf{ ckgfpg' kg]{ ;fdfGo l;4fGt,

@)^( sf] cg';"rL–!( df Joj:yf eP adf]lhd x'g]5 .
&= kf7\oqmd nfu" ldlt M–


Medical Jurisprudence 10. Ribosome. chromosomes • Mitosis and meiosis cell division • Chemicals of life-Carbohydrates. Proteins. Genotype frequencies.Crime Scene Investigation 9. Allele frequency. Nucleus.Introduction to 1 x 10 marks = 5 x 5 marks = 25 35 Forensic Science 10 marks marks 8. Lysosome. Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology Group-A BIOLOGY (65%) Unit 1: Cell Biology • Structure and function of cell components-Cell membrane.Endocrinology 5. Minerals and Water Unit 2: Genetics • Mendel’s work • Chromosomal theory of inheritance • Linkage and crossing over • Sex determination • Sex linked inheritance • Gene interactions-Co-dominance.Wildlife Management 7.Subject Unit 1. The Hardy-Weinberg equation 2 . of Questions and Weightage Marks Long Answer Short Answer Type Question Type Questions (3) (14) 2 x 10 marks = 9 x 5 marks = 45 65 20 marks marks Full Marks 100 3. Nucleic acids.Genetics No. Ecosystem 6. Lipids. Mitochondria. Golgi complex. Amino acids. Transcription and Translation • Population genetics-Gene pool.Cell Biology FORENSIC SCIENCE BIOLOGY 2. Multiple alleles.Immunology 4. Epistasis • Variation • Mutation • Genetic material-Replication.

pancreas and gonads Unit 5: Ecology • Components of ecosystem. pituitary. Importance of wild life management. Economic exploitation and its impact in nature • Definition of endangered. Immunity to infection and Immunodeficiency Unit 4: Endocrinology • Structure and functions of thyroid. thymus. mortality. hypothalamus. pyramid. human population and its impacts on eco-degradation • Pollution: Water. Phosphorous) • Population: Population density. food webs and food pyramids) • Ecosystem managements • Biochemical cycles (Nitrogen. pineal body. Conservation of wild life in Nepal. and their control measures Unit 6: Wild Life Management • Introduction to biodiversity • Wild Life and Its Management: Wild Life National Parks and Reserves of Nepal • Wild life distribution in ecological Zones • Wild life values. adrenal. parathyroid. Group-B FORENSIC SCIENCE (35%) Unit 7: Introduction to Forensic science • Definition • History • Principles • Different branches • Importance of forensic science 3 . • Ecosystem energetic (Energy flow through trophic level. Carbon. emigration. rare and threatened species • Endangered animals of Nepal. • Predator. natality.Unit 3: Immunology • Immunity • Structure and Functions of Immune System • Antigen • Antibodies-immunoglobulin • Complement System • Immune response • Antigen-Antibody Reactions • Hypersensitivity. Autoimmunity. sex ratio. noise. dispersal and population growth including potential. vulnerable. air. immigration.Prey relationship and competition.

Gas Unit 8: Crime Scene Investigation • Basic steps in crime scene investigation-protection. Semen. handling and collection of evidence. collection. incised. punctured and lacerated wounds Unit 10: Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology. labeling and forwarding of various physical evidences. Nasal Secretion. Blood. • Importance of body fluids • Different Types of Body Fluids viz. sources. syncope. Vaginal secretion etc. Types of Safety. Benzidine Test) • Takayama Test • Species Identification • ABO Blood Group and its inheritance • Absorption Elution Technique for Dry Blood grouping • Secretor and Non . as Evidence. mummification) • Death from Asphyxia-Hanging. preservation. AFIS. Tear.Secretor Group • Acid Phosphatase Test for Semen. strangulation. abrasions. drowning • Types of wounds-Bruises or contusions. handling. secondary relaxation (putrefaction. importance. types. suffocation. • Presumptive Test of Blood (Kastle Meyer Test. etc profiling. rigor mortis. asphyxia • Changes after death-Primary relaxation. Chain of custody Unit 9: Medical Jurisprudence • Modes of Death-Coma. Routes of Exposure. Microscopic Examination for sperms • Hair examination • Skeletal remains and its importance 4 . photography. modern aids • Crime Scene Safety-Types of Hazards. sketching. adipocere formation. Saliva. Personnel Protective Equipment • Physical Evidence-Classification. Sweat. search.• Existing scenario of forensic science in Nepal • Recent Advances in Forensic Science (DNA Chromatograph Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS).

Write the functions of pancreas. 3. Describe the causes. sources and effects of water pollution. Describe the basic steps involved in crime scene investigation. Describe the structure and functions of mitochondria. 2. (10 marks) (10 marks) (10 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) 5 . Differentiate between DNA and RNA. List ten endangered animals of Nepal. 4.Sample Questions Long Answer Type Questions 1. 3. 2. Short Answer Type Questions 1. Write a short note on asphyxia.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.