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Cell Biology FORENSIC SCIENCE BIOLOGY 2. The Hardy-Weinberg equation 2 . Lysosome.Crime Scene Investigation 9. Lipids. Ribosome.Medical Jurisprudence 10. chromosomes • Mitosis and meiosis cell division • Chemicals of life-Carbohydrates.Subject Unit 1. Nucleus. Epistasis • Variation • Mutation • Genetic material-Replication. Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology Group-A BIOLOGY (65%) Unit 1: Cell Biology • Structure and function of cell components-Cell membrane. Proteins.Introduction to 1 x 10 marks = 5 x 5 marks = 25 35 Forensic Science 10 marks marks 8. Amino acids. Multiple alleles.Genetics No. Ecosystem 6. Nucleic acids. Allele frequency.Wildlife Management 7. Minerals and Water Unit 2: Genetics • Mendel’s work • Chromosomal theory of inheritance • Linkage and crossing over • Sex determination • Sex linked inheritance • Gene interactions-Co-dominance. Transcription and Translation • Population genetics-Gene pool.Immunology 4. Mitochondria.Endocrinology 5. Genotype frequencies. of Questions and Weightage Marks Long Answer Short Answer Type Question Type Questions (3) (14) 2 x 10 marks = 9 x 5 marks = 45 65 20 marks marks Full Marks 100 3. Golgi complex.

pituitary. pyramid. • Ecosystem energetic (Energy flow through trophic level. natality. rare and threatened species • Endangered animals of Nepal. hypothalamus. adrenal. Importance of wild life management. thymus. Group-B FORENSIC SCIENCE (35%) Unit 7: Introduction to Forensic science • Definition • History • Principles • Different branches • Importance of forensic science 3 .Prey relationship and competition. Immunity to infection and Immunodeficiency Unit 4: Endocrinology • Structure and functions of thyroid. Carbon. and their control measures Unit 6: Wild Life Management • Introduction to biodiversity • Wild Life and Its Management: Wild Life National Parks and Reserves of Nepal • Wild life distribution in ecological Zones • Wild life values. Conservation of wild life in Nepal. pineal body. • Predator. Economic exploitation and its impact in nature • Definition of endangered. pancreas and gonads Unit 5: Ecology • Components of ecosystem. Autoimmunity. emigration. vulnerable. sex ratio. Phosphorous) • Population: Population density. dispersal and population growth including potential. air. human population and its impacts on eco-degradation • Pollution: Water. parathyroid. immigration. food webs and food pyramids) • Ecosystem managements • Biochemical cycles (Nitrogen. mortality.Unit 3: Immunology • Immunity • Structure and Functions of Immune System • Antigen • Antibodies-immunoglobulin • Complement System • Immune response • Antigen-Antibody Reactions • Hypersensitivity. noise.

secondary relaxation (putrefaction. Gas Unit 8: Crime Scene Investigation • Basic steps in crime scene investigation-protection. search. mummification) • Death from Asphyxia-Hanging. handling. syncope. Sweat. Microscopic Examination for sperms • Hair examination • Skeletal remains and its importance 4 . punctured and lacerated wounds Unit 10: Introduction to Forensic Biology/Serology. modern aids • Crime Scene Safety-Types of Hazards.Secretor Group • Acid Phosphatase Test for Semen. handling and collection of evidence. abrasions. Vaginal secretion etc. Personnel Protective Equipment • Physical Evidence-Classification. Tear. as Evidence. Saliva. asphyxia • Changes after death-Primary relaxation. strangulation. suffocation. sources. Routes of Exposure. photography. collection. AFIS. preservation. incised. etc profiling.• Existing scenario of forensic science in Nepal • Recent Advances in Forensic Science (DNA Chromatograph Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS). types. adipocere formation. • Presumptive Test of Blood (Kastle Meyer Test. Blood. drowning • Types of wounds-Bruises or contusions. Semen. Nasal Secretion. Types of Safety. rigor mortis. • Importance of body fluids • Different Types of Body Fluids viz. Benzidine Test) • Takayama Test • Species Identification • ABO Blood Group and its inheritance • Absorption Elution Technique for Dry Blood grouping • Secretor and Non . Chain of custody Unit 9: Medical Jurisprudence • Modes of Death-Coma. labeling and forwarding of various physical evidences. sketching. importance.

List ten endangered animals of Nepal. Describe the structure and functions of mitochondria. Short Answer Type Questions 1. 2. 3. sources and effects of water pollution. Describe the basic steps involved in crime scene investigation. (10 marks) (10 marks) (10 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) (5 marks) 5 . Describe the causes. Write a short note on asphyxia. 2. 4. Differentiate between DNA and RNA. 3. Write the functions of pancreas.Sample Questions Long Answer Type Questions 1.

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