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BSI

BRITISH STANDARD

Specification for

Test sieves

UDC 621.928.2:620.168.32

BS 410:1986

Incorporating
Amendment No. 1

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BS 410:1986

Committees responsible for this


British Standard
The preparation of this British Standard was entrusted by the General
Mechanical Engineering Standards Committee (GME/-) to Technical
Committee GME/29, upon which the following bodies were represented:
BCIRA
British Aggregate Construction Materials Industries
British Ceramic Society
British Laboratory Ware Association
Cement and Concrete Association
Cement Makers Federation
Coated Abrasives Manufacturers Association
Department of Trade and Industry (Warren Spring Laboratory)
Department of Transport (Highways)
Guild of Metal Perforators
Incorporated National Association of British and Irish Millers
Institution of Chemical Engineers
Institution of Mining and Metallurgy
Mechanical Handling Engineers Association
Ministry of Defence
National Coal Board
Society of Chemical Industry
Society of Cosmetic Scientists
Woven Wire Association
The following bodies were also represented in the drafting of the standard,
through subcommittees and panels:

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of the General
Mechanical Engineering
Standards Committee, was
published under the authority
of the Board of BSI and comes
into effect on
31 March 1986

Institution of Mining Engineers


Oil and Colour Chemists Association
University of Bradford

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First published April 1931
First revision October 1943
Second revision December 1962
Third revision September 1969
Fourth revision September 1976
Fifth revision March 1986
The following BSI references
relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference GME/29
Draft for comment 84/79133 DC
ISBN 0 580 14897 1

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date of issue

Comments

8255

July 1994

Indicated by a sideline in the margin

BS 410:1986

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Contents
Committees responsible
Foreword
1
2
3
4
5

Page
Inside front cover
ii

Scope
Definitions
Sieve designation, construction and marking
Woven wire cloth in test sieves
Perforated plates in test sieves

1
1
2
2
5

Appendix A Information to be supplied with an enquiry and order


Appendix B Sieving areas and aperture tolerances expressed
as percentages
Appendix C Inspection of woven wire cloth
Appendix D Inspection of perforated plate
Appendix E Mesh number
Appendix F Calibration tests
Appendix G Maintenance of test sieves
Appendix H Used sieves

10
12
13
14
15
16
16

Figure 1 Weaves of wire cloth


Figure 2 Lid and receiver for round test sieves
Figure 3 Specimen label
Figure 4 Measurement of woven wire aperture size
Figure 5 Arrangement of square holes
Figure 6 Arrangement of round holes
Figure 7 Tolerance band gauge for optically magnified sieve cloth
Figure 8 Record card for inspection of woven wire cloth test sieve
Figure 9 Record card for inspection of perforated plate test sieve
Figure 10 Fields of measurement in 200 mm round test sieve

2
3
4
4
6
6
12
13
14
15

Table 1 Dimensions of round test sieve frames


Table 2 Wire cloth in test sieves: wire diameter and tolerances
on apertures
Table 3 Perforated plate in test sieves: plate thickness, pitch
of holes, minimum bridge width and tolerance on individual apertures
Table 4 Sieving areas and aperture tolerances expressed
as percentages
Table 5 Mesh number
Table 6 Number of apertures to be measured in a 200 mm
diameter test sieve
Publications referred to

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3
5
8
10
14
15

Inside back cover

BS 410:1986

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Foreword
This British Standard, having been prepared under the direction of the General
Mechanical Engineering Standards Committee, supersedes BS 410:1976 which is
withdrawn.
For wire cloth test sieves the R 40/3 series of aperture sizes, where successive
sizes have a ratio of about 1.2, are specified. For perforated plate test sieves both
the R 40/3 and the R 20 series are specified particularly to meet the requirements
of the aggregate, coal and iron industries. A few special non-ISO1) aperture size
perforated plate test sieves, some of such long standing that they have to be
retained and others of larger size than is required by ISO/TC 24, are also included
[see Table 3 c)].
Mesh numbers are included in Appendix E.
A specification for electroformed test sieves is being developed by ISO/TC 24 and
the nominal size of openings is specified in ISO 565-1983. A British Standard
specification for electroformed sheet test sieves is in preparation.
The methods of use of test sieves are described in BS 1796.
In Figure 3 and Figure 7 the term micron is used as this is widely accepted in
industry as representing micrometre (m).
This revised standard now includes an additional aperture size, 32 m, and
requirements for nesting round test sieves.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i and ii,
pages 1 to 16, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on
the inside front cover.
1)

ii

International Organization for Standardization.

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BS 410:1986

1 Scope
This British Standard specifies requirements for
sieves used for testing the size distribution of
granular products in the particle size range
from 125 mm down to 32 m.
Appendix G gives information on the maintenance
of test sieves.
NOTE The titles of the publications referred to in this standard
are listed on the inside back cover.

2 Definitions
For the purposes of this British Standard the
following definitions apply2).
2.1
test sieve
a sieve, intended for the particle size analysis of the
material to be sieved, which conforms to a test sieve
standard specification
2.2
nest of test sieves
a set (regular or irregular) of test sieves assembled
together with a lid (cover) and receiver (pan)

2.9
wire diameter
the diameter of the wire in the woven cloth
2.10
warp
all wires running lengthwise of the cloth as woven
2.11
weft (shoot)
all wires running crosswise of the cloth as woven
2.12
type of weave
the way in which warp and weft wires cross each
other
2.13
plain weave
the weave in which every warp wire crosses
alternately above and below every weft wire and
vice versa [see Figure 1 a)]
2.14
twilled weave

2.3
sieving medium

The weave in which every warp wire crosses


alternately above and below every second weft wire
and vice versa [see Figure 1 b)]

a surface containing regularly arranged apertures


of uniform shape and size

2.15
perforated plate

2.4
frame

a sieving medium consisting of a plate with uniform


holes in symmetrical arrangement

a rigid framework which supports the sieving


medium and limits the spread of the material being
sieved

2.16
pitch (centres)

2.5
lid (cover)
a cover which fits snugly over a sieve to prevent
escape of the material being sieved
2.6
receiver (pan)
a pan which fits snugly beneath a sieve to receive
the whole of the passing fraction
2.7
aperture size
the dimension defining an opening
2.8
woven wire cloth

the distance between corresponding points of two


adjacent holes in a perforated plate
2.17
bridge width (bar)
the distance between the nearest edges of two
adjacent holes in a perforated plate
2.18
margin
the distance between the outside edges of the
outside rows of holes and the edges of a perforated
plate
2.19
plate thickness
the thickness of the plate after perforation

a sieving medium of wires which cross each other to


form the apertures

2)

Taken from ISO 2395.

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BS 410:1986

The seal between frame and sieving medium shall


be formed so as to prevent lodging of the material to
be sieved. There shall be no lacquer on surfaces that
come into contact with the sample.
3.5 Nesting
Sieves to the dimensions in Table 1, complete with
lid and receiver, in a nest, shall so assemble that
escape of sample during the test sieving operations
is prevented.
3.6 Marking

Figure 1 Weaves of wire cloth

3 Sieve designation, construction and


marking
3.1 Designation
Test sieves shall be designated by the nominal
aperture size, which is the nominal central
separation of opposite sides of a square aperture or
the nominal diameter of a round (circular) aperture.
The type of hole, square or round, in perforated
plate shall be stated.
3.2 Sieve frames
The dimensions of round sieve frames shall be as
given in Table 1.
NOTE 1 Frames should be made of brass, plated steel or
stainless steel.
NOTE 2 The appropriate sieving medium is included in Table 1.
NOTE 3 For special purpose sieving, other shapes of frame are
available.

3.3 Lid and receiver


When required for round sieves, lids and receivers
shall be of the same metal and gauge as the sieves
(see Figure 2).
3.4 Finish
Test sieves, receivers and lids shall be smoothly
finished.

A label shall be permanently attached to the frame


of each sieve complying with this standard, legibly
marked with the following information
(see Figure 3).
a) The designation. The figures shall be bold, and
preferably not less than 5 mm tall, on the left side
of the label.
b) The wording TEST SIEVE TO BS 410:19863).
c) The material of the wire cloth or of the
perforated plate.
d) The material of the sieve frame.
e) The makers name or trade mark.
f) An identification number.
g) If required, the wire diameter.
NOTE The purchaser should state in the enquiry and order
(see Appendix A) if this marking is required.

4 Woven wire cloth in test sieves


4.1 Material
Wires in test sieves shall not be plated.
NOTE 1 The material for woven wire cloth is not specified.
The following materials are commonly supplied.
Material
Range of aperture size for which
suitable
Phosphor bronze

Less than 250 m

Brass

250 m to 166 mm

Stainless steel
All sizes
NOTE 2 The purchaser should state in the enquiry and order
(see Appendix A) specific requirements, if any, for the material of
the wire cloth.

4.2 Wire
After the cloth is mounted in the sieve, the average
wire diameter at different positions across the
sieving surface shall be uniform so that the limits on
aperture size can be satisfied.
A band of choice of 15 % about the wire diameters
given in Table 2 is permitted.

3)

Marking BS 410:1986 on or in relation to a product is a claim by the manufacturer that the product has been manufactured in
accordance with the requirements of the standard. The accuracy of such a claim is therefore solely the manufacturers
responsibility. Enquiries as to the availability of third party certification should be addressed to the appropriate certification
body.

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BS 410:1986

Table 1 Dimensions of round test sieve frames

Nominal
diameter,
D and d

Tolerance

Diameter of sieving
surface

D
mm

100
200
300
450

a When

mm

d
mm

+ 0.4

0.01

0.4

+ 0.8

0.01

0.4

+ 0.9

0.01

0.6

+ 1.0

0.01

1.0

min.
mm

max.

Nominal depth,
H
Full

mm

mm

Appropriate sieving medium

Half
mm

90

100

40

20

Wire cloth

185

200

50

25

Wire cloth or perforated plate

275

300

75

40

Wire clotha or perforated plate

425

450

Not less
than
100

Wire clotha or perforated plate

fine wire cloth is used in large diameter sieves, it should be supported by means of a support mesh or spider.

Figure 2 Lid and receiver for round test sieves

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BS 410:1986

Figure 3 Specimen label


4.3 Weave
Wire cloth shall be woven to produce nominally
uniform square apertures in accordance with 4.5.
Wire cloth in sieves with a nominal aperture size
of 75 m and greater shall be plain woven.
Wire cloth in sieves with a nominal aperture
of 63 m and smaller shall be either twilled or plain
woven.
For aperture sizes of 4.00 mm and greater, the wire
shall be crimped before weaving.
4.4 Mounting
The wire cloth shall be so mounted in the frame as
to be held firmly and equally taut in all directions
without any distortion of the mesh.
4.5 Tolerances on aperture size
4.5.1 General. The measured aperture size before
the sieve is used shall comply with the nominal size
within tolerances X, Y, and Z given in Table 2.
Aperture size is measured on the centre lines of the
aperture (see Figure 4) and the tolerances shall
apply to the warp and weft directions separately.

Figure 4 Measurement of woven wire


aperture size
4.5.2 Maximum tolerance for size of an individual
aperture. No aperture size shall exceed the nominal
value by more than the tolerance X.
4.5.3 Average aperture size. The average aperture
size shall not differ from the nominal value by more
than the tolerance Y.
4.5.4 Intermediate tolerance. Not more than 6 % of
the apertures shall be above nominal size by more
than the tolerance Z.

NOTE 1 Aperture tolerances, expressed as percentages, are


given in Appendix B.
NOTE 2 If the purchaser requires a tolerance on
perpendicularity, this should be included in the order. No
tolerance on perpendicularity of warp and weft wires is specified
in this standard since users requirements may differ according
to the material to be tested. A tolerance of 3 from
perpendicularity may be acceptable in many cases and a visual
inspection of general appearance of perpendicularity may be
acceptable in other cases. It should be recognized that a test
should apply to the general directions of the warp and weft wires
over several apertures and not to a single aperture.

4.6 Inspection
4.6.1 General. The manufacturer shall test each test
sieve before sale and supply a record card
(see Appendix C).
NOTE The purchaser should state in his order when a more
detailed test, i.e. a calibration test in accordance with
Appendix F, is required to be made by the manufacturer.

Tests shall be made with respect to each of three


tolerances X, Y and Z as listed in Table 2.
4.6.2 Survey for condition. When tested in
accordance with C.2, the sieve shall not show any
obvious faults, e.g. weaving defects such as loose
wire, creases and wrinkles. Part apertures are likely
to be found round the periphery but if any blinded
apertures away from the periphery are found the
sieve shall be deemed not to comply with the
requirements of this standard.
4.6.3 Oversize apertures. When tested in accordance
with C.3, no aperture shall exceed the maximum
dimension given in 4.5.2.
4.6.4 Variations of aperture size. When tested in
accordance with C.4 and C.5, the proportion of
apertures exceeding the intermediate limit shall be
not greater than that given in 4.5.4.
NOTE Tolerance + X ensures that no individual aperture
exceeds a maximum limit; tolerance Y controls the average size
of aperture; tolerance + Z ensures that the measured average
size of aperture is not influenced too much by apertures of
extreme size.

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BS 410:1986

Table 2 Wire cloth in test sieves: wire


diameter and tolerances on apertures
Apertures in the range 16 mm to 20 m
Nominal Nominal Tolerances
wire
aperture
diameter Maximum Tolerance Intermediate
size
tolerance
for
tolerance
in test
for size of average
sieve
an
aperture
individual
aperture
X
Y
Z
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

16.0
13.2
11.2

3.15
2.80
2.50

+ 0.99
+ 0.86
+ 0.77

0.49
0.41
0.35

+ 0.74
+ 0.64
+ 0.56

9.50
8.00
6.70

2.24
2.00
1.80

+ 0.68
+ 0.60
+ 0.53

0.30
0.25
0.21

+ 0.49
+ 0.43
+ 0.37

5.60
4.75
4.00

1.60
1.60
1.40

+ 0.47
+ 0.42
+ 0.37

0.18
0.15
0.13

+ 0.32
+ 0.28
+ 0.25

3.35
2.80
2.36

1.25
1.12
1.00

+ 0.32
+ 0.29
+ 0.25

0.11
0.09
0.08

+ 0.22
+ 0.19
+ 0.17

2.00
1.70
1.40

0.90
0.80
0.71

+ 0.23
+ 0.20
+ 0.18

0.07
0.06
0.05

+ 0.15
+ 0.13
+ 0.11

1.18
1.00

0.63
0.56

+ 0.16
+ 0.14

0.04
0.03

+ 0.10
+ 0.09

5 Perforated plates in test sieves


5.1 Arrangement of square holes
Square holes shall be arranged in line with the
centre points at the vertices of squares, as shown in
Figure 5.
5.2 Arrangement of round holes
Round holes shall be arranged with the centres at
the apices of equilateral triangles, as shown in
Figure 6.
NOTE Plated mild steel is commonly supplied except at the
lower end of the aperture range where brass may be found to be
more suitable. The purchaser should state in the enquiry specific
requirements, if any, for the material of the perforated plate.

5.3 Plate thickness


Perforated plates shall be of uniform thickness and
shall lie in the range given in Table 3.
NOTE The nominal plate thicknesses stated in Table 3 are
preferred.

5.4 Pitch
The pitch shall be:
a) the nominal pitch stated in Table 3; or
b) up to 15 % larger than the nominal pitch stated
in Table 3; or
c) smaller than the nominal pitch stated in
Table 3 provided that individual bridge widths
comply with 5.5.
5.5 Bridge width

850
710
600

500
450
400

+ 127
+ 112
+ 101

29
25
21

+ 78
+ 69
+ 61

No individual bridge shall be less than half of the


width given by subtracting the nominal aperture
size from the nominal pitch.

500
425
355

315
280
224

+ 90
+ 81
+ 72

18
15
13

+ 54
+ 48
+ 43

NOTE

300
250
212

200
160
140

+ 65
+ 58
+ 52

12
9.9
8.7

+ 38
+ 34
+ 30

180
150
125

125
100
90

+ 47
+ 43
+ 38

7.6
6.6
5.8

+ 27
+ 25
+ 22

106
90
75

71
63
50

+ 35
+ 32
+ 29

5.2
4.6
4.1

+ 20
+ 18
+ 17

63
53
45

45
36
32

+ 26
+ 24
+ 22

3.7
3.4
3.1

+ 15
+ 14
+ 13

38
25
20

30
25
20

+ 20
+ 16
+ 14

2.9
2.5
2.3

+ 12
+9
+8

Minimum bridge widths are given in Table 3.

5.6 Workmanship
Perforated plates shall be uniformly and cleanly
punched. The radius at the corners of square holes
shall not exceed 0.05W + 0.30 mm, where W is the
aperture size expressed in millimetres.
5.7 Mounting
The perforated plate shall be mounted with the
punch entry side uppermost, i.e. burr down.
The crevices above and below the plate at its
junction with its frame shall be filled and left
smooth.
5.8 Tolerances on aperture size
Each aperture size of an unused sieve shall comply
with the nominal size of the sieve within the limits
of tolerance shown in Table 3.
NOTE Aperture size is measured on the centre lines of square
holes (see 5.1) and on the diameter of round holes (see 5.2).

NOTE The aperture sizes taken ISO 565. They are in an


R40/3 series based on 1 mm with a ratio between successive sizes
of about 1:2. The siazes in bold type are the principal sizes stated
in ISO 565 and are preferred.

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BS 410:1986

5.9 Inspection
5.9.1 General. The manufacturer shall test each test
sieve before sale and shall supply a record card
(see Appendix D).
NOTE The purchaser should state in his order when a more
detailed test, i.e. a calibration test in accordance with
Appendix F, is required.

5.9.2 Survey for condition. When tested in


accordance with D.2, the perforated plate shall not
show any obvious faults, e.g. irregularly formed
holes, ragged edges and burrs upward.
5.9.3 Oversize apertures. When tested in accordance
with D.3 and D.4 no aperture shall exceed the
maximum dimension given in Table 3.

Figure 5 Arrangement of square holes

Figure 6 Arrangement of round holes

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BS 410:1986

Appendix A Information to be
supplied with an enquiry and order
The purchaser should state the following with an
enquiry and order:
a) the designation of the sieve (see 3.1);
b) the sieving medium (i.e. woven wire cloth,
square hole or round hole perforated plate);
c) frame size and shape, and any other necessary
details, e.g. nesting requirements (see 3.5) or
wire diameter (see 4.2);
d) any material requirements or restrictions for
frame, sieving medium and fillets; whether
statement of wire diameter is required (see 4.1
and 4.5);
e) whether a receiver is required (see 3.3);
f) whether a lid is required (see 3.3);
g) whether a more detailed test is required
(see 4.6.1 and 5.9.1).

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BS 410:1986

Table 3 Perforated plate in test sieves: plate thickness, pitch of holes, minimum
bridge width and tolerance on individual apertures
a) Apertures in the range 125 mm to 4 mm; square hole and round hole
Nominal
aperture size
R40/3
series
mm

125

R/20
series
mm

125
112

106
90.0

100
90.0
80.0

75.0
63.0

71.0
63.0
56.0

53.0
45.0

50.0
45.0
40.0

37.5
31.5

35.5
31.5
28.0

26.5
22.4

25.0
22.4
20.0

19.0
16.0

18.0
16.0
14.0

13.2
11.2

12.5
11.2
10.0

9.50
8.00

9.00
8.00
7.10

6.70
5.60

6.30
5.60
5.00

4.75
4.00

4.50
4.00

Plate thickness
Nominala Max.
mm

2.5

2.0

1.5

1.5

mm

Nominal pitch of holes

Minimum bridge
width

Min.
mm

mm

mm

mm

160

17.5

1.00

140
132

14.0
13.0
12.5

112
2.0

100
10.0

0.70

67

7.0

0.55
0.55

5.5
50.0

47.5

0.50
5.0

5.0

0.45
0.45

45.0

4.75

40.0

0.40

4.25
35.5

33.5

0.40
3.75

3.5

0.35
0.35

31.5

3.25

28.0

0.35

2.8
25.0

23.6

0.30
2.5

2.3

0.30
0.29

22.4

2.2

20.0

0.28

2.0
18

17

0.27
2.0

1.9

0.26
0.25

16

1.75

14

0.24

1.4
12.6

12.1

0.23
1.3

1.3

0.21
0.21

11.6

1.3

10.4

0.20

1.2
9.4

8.9

0.19
1.15

1.1

0.18
0.17

8.5

1.1

7.7

0.17

1.05
6.9

6.6

0.15
0.95

0.93

0.14
0.14

6.3
5.8

0.55

6.5

56.0

1.0

0.60
7.5

63

2.0

0.65

8.5
71

1.0

0.70

9.5

80

2.0

0.80
10.0

90

1.5

0.85

11.0

95

2.5

0.95
0.90

125
3.0

Tolerance on
individual apertures

0.9
0.9

0.14
0.13

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BS 410:1986

Table 3 Perforated plate in test sieves: plate thickness, pitch of holes, minimum bridge width
and tolerance on individual apertures
b) Round holes only in the range 3.55 mm to 1 mm
Nominal
aperture size
R40/3
series
mm

3.55
2.80
2.36
2.00
1.70
1.40
1.18
1.00

Plate thickness

R/20
series

Nominala

Max.

Min.

mm

mm

mm

mm

3.55
3.15
2.80
2.50
2.24
2.00
1.80
1.60
1.40
1.25
1.12
1.00

1.00

Nominal pitch of
holes

Minimum bridge
width

Tolerance on individual
apertures

mm

mm

mm

5.2

5.0
1.25

0.8

4.35
3.75
3.3

0.5

3.0
0.63

0.4

4.7
3.9
3.6
3.1
2.75

2.6
2.4
2.0

2.45
2.22

0.83

0.83
0.78
0.7
0.65
0.65

0.78
0.7
0.67
0.65
0.58

0.6
0.6
0.5

0.6
0.55

0.12

0.11
0.11
0.11
0.09
0.08

0.11
0.11
0.10
0.08
0.08

0.08
0.07
0.07

0.08
0.07

c) Non-ISO sizes; round holes only


Nominal
aperture size

Nominal

mm

mm

200b
180b
160b
140b
120
70
60
35
30
15
7.5

Plate thickness
a

Max.

Min.

Nominal pitch of
holes

Minimum bridge
width

mm

mm

mm

mm

2.5

3.0

2.0

2.0

2.5

1.5

1.5

2.0

1.0

Tolerance on individual
apertures
mm

150
90
75
45
37.5
19

15
10
7.5
5
3.75
2.0

1.55
1.40
1.25
1.10
0.95
0.65
0.60
0.40
0.40
0.27

10

1.25

0.19

NOTE 1 Bold type signifies preferred sizes.


NOTE 2 The sizes listed under Nominal aperture size are the total specified by ISO 565 for perforated plate in test sieves.
However, manufacturers of perforated plate test sieves may equip themselves for making only those sizes for which there is a
demand sufficient to justify the expense of their tools. When particle sizes are being considered for products, enquiries should be
made as to the stock position of test sieves, having the aperture size in mind.
NOTE 3 The sizes listed under Nominal aperture size in the R40/3 series are based on 1 mm with a ratio between successive sizes
of about 1:2 those in the R20 series have a ratio of about 1:12. The sizes in bold type are the principal sizes stated in ISO 565 and
are preferred.
a
b

See note to 5.3


Test sieves of these aperture sizes may be made as single ring gauges. A minimum plate thickness of 3 mm is recommended.

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BS 410:1986

Appendix B Sieving areas and aperture tolerances expressed as percentages


B.1 Sieving areas and aperture tolerances
expressed as percentages are given in Table 4.
Table 4 Sieving areas and aperture tolerances expressed as percentages
Nominal
aperture size

Wire cloth

mm

125
112
106
100

Sieving areas
Perforated plate
Square hole
Round hole
%

Aperture tolerances expressed as percentages


Wire cloth
Perforated plate
Maximum Average Intermediate
X
Y
Z
%
%
%
%
0.8
0.85
0.85
0.85

61
64
64
64

55
58
58
58

90.0
80.0
75.0

65
64
62

59
58
57

0.9
0.9
0.9

71.0

56

51

0.9

63.0
56.0
53.0
50.0

62
63
63
64

56
57
57
58

0.95
1
1
1

45.0
40.0
37.5
35.0

65
64
61
56

59
58
55
51

1
1
1
1

31.5
38.0
26.5
25.0

62
62
63
63

56
56
57
57

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

22.4
20.0
19.0
18.0

64
64
65
65

58
58
59
59

1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5

64
60
60
61

58
54
55
55

+7

+5

+7

+5

64
61
61
60

58
55
55
54

+7

+5

+7

+5

57
57
52
55

52
52
47
50

+8

+6

+ 8.5

+6

49
52
47
51

44
47
43
46

+9

+6

+9

+6

44

40
42
38
40

+ 10

+7

+ 10

+7

16.0
14.0
13.2
12.5

70

11.2
10.0
9.5
9.00

67

8.00
7.10
6.70
6.30

64

5.60
5.00
4.75
4.50

60

4.00
3.55
3.35
3.15

55

10

68

65

62

56

53

1.5
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
3
3
3
3.5
3.5
3.5

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BS 410:1986

Table 4 Sieving areas and aperture tolerances expressed as percentages


Nominal
aperture size

mm
2.80
2.50
2.36
2.24

Wire cloth

Sieving areas
Perforated plate
Square hole
Round hole
%

51
49

2.00
1.80
1.70
1.60

48

1.40
1.25
1.18
1.12
1.00

44

%
35
37
34
35

46

43
41

Aperture tolerances expressed as percentages


Wire cloth
Perforated plate
Maximum Average Intermediate
X
Y
Z
%
%
%
%
+ 11
3
+7
4
4.5
+ 11
3
+7
4
4.5

32
30
31
30

+ 12

+8

+ 12

+8

28
23
27
23
25

+ 13

+8

+ 14

+9

+ 15

+9

4.5
4.5
5.5
5
5.5
6.5
7
6
7

120a

58

0.8

70a

55

0.9

60a

58

35a

55

30a

58

1.5

15a

57

7.5a
m
850
710
600

40
37
36

500
425
355

51

2.5
+1 5
+ 16
+ 17

%
3.5
4
4

+9
+ 10
+ 11

38
36
38

+ 18
+ 19
+ 20

4
4
4

+ 11
+ 12
+ 12

300
250
212

36
37
36

+ 21
+ 22
+ 24

4
4
4.5

+ 13
+ 13
+ 14

180
150
125

35
36
34

+ 24
+ 26
+ 29

5
5
5

+ 15
+ 16
+ 17

106
90
75

36
35
36

+ 31
+ 33
+ 36

5
5
5

+ 18
+ 19
+ 21

63
53
45

34
35
34

+ 39
+ 43
+ 43

5
5
6

+ 22
+ 24
+ 27

38
32

31
28

+ 53
+ 59

6
8

+ 29
+ 34

Non-ISO sizes; round hole perforated plate only.

BSI 01-1999

11

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BS 410:1986

B.2 The formulae for calculating percentage sieving


areas are as follows:
a) woven wire cloth
2

W
----------------------- 100
2
(W + d)
b) square hole perforated plate
2

W
-------- 100
2
p
c) round hole perforated plate
2

(W 2)
-------------------------- 100
0.866p

or
2

W
-------- 90.7
2
p
where
W is the nominal aperture size;
d is the wire diameter (see Table 2);
p is the pitch (see Table 3).

C.4 Variations of aperture size


Check the proportion of apertures that exceed the
intermediate limit, i.e. nominal aperture size + Z.
Take measurements across the two diameters of the
sieve frame, parallel to the warp and weft directions
and/or in areas of irregular apertures as found
from C.3.
NOTE The measurements may be carried out rapidly using a
limit gauge in the form of a scale (see Figure 7) or by individual
gauges for coarser mesh sieves. At least 100 apertures should be
observed, if possible, in each direction.

Record the number of apertures whose size in either


the warp or weft direction falls within the tolerance
band of (nominal + Z) and (nominal + Y) and
express as a proportion of the total apertures
checked.
NOTE This method should be used to confirm that no apertures
exceed the maximum of (nominal + X ); it may also be used to
make an assessment of the distribution of the aperture width in
the various tolerance bands, namely:
less than (nominal Y )
between (nominal Y ) and (nominal + Y )
between (nominal + Y ) and (nominal + Z )
between (nominal + Z ) and (nominal + X )

NOTE The maximum aperture size specified in this standard


for wire cloth is 16 mm; the minimum aperture size specified for
square hole perforated plate is 4 mm, and the minimum aperture
size specified for round hole perforated plate is 1 mm.

Appendix C Inspection of woven wire


cloth
C.1 Principle
First a survey is made of the condition of the wire
cloth, followed by a methodical examination of
individual apertures and finally measurements are
made of the average aperture size.
The procedure for measurement of aperture size
varies according to the size and number of apertures
in the sieve (see C.4).
C.2 Survey for condition
Examine the wire cloth in the sieve for condition.
NOTE For this survey a uniformly illuminated background is
helpful.

C.3 Oversize apertures


Examine all openings carefully and methodically in
order to detect oversize apertures. Assess suspected
oversize apertures in coarse sieves with an
engineers limit gauge, segmental or calliper.
NOTE 1 Apertures in fine sieves may best be viewed when
magnified optically.
In the case of fine sieves, lack of uniformity in aperture size can
be seen in contrast with the general pattern of apertures of
uniform size.
NOTE 2 Typical indications are a line of large apertures, or
local, noticeably irregular apertures. Record the location of such
areas in question.

12

Figure 7 Tolerance band gauge for


optically magnified sieve cloth
C.5 Average size of aperture
Measure the average aperture size over at least 10
apertures, if possible, in each direction in each of at
least two positions on the cloth. If the results from
the two fields fall in different tolerance bands and if
they contradict the information obtained from C.4,
check the average aperture size at more positions on
the sieving surface.
C.6 Record card
A suitable form of record card with specimen entries
for a woven wire test sieve is given in Figure 8.

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Licensed Copy: Dong Su Lee, Hyundai Engineering Constructi, Fri Nov 02 05:21:57 GMT+00:00 2007, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) BSI

BS 410:1986

Times used

Tester
Date

New

ABC/86/10

Visual survey
and maximum
aperture

Average aperture size

Apertures above intermediate


limits

Warp direction Weft direction Warp direction

Within Y

Within Y

Weft direction

Less than 6 % Less than 6 %

NOTE It is the users responsibility to ensure that a used sieve is re-examined. He, or a referee, should make retests
according to the circumstances, and with a frequency appropriate to the degree of use that the sieve has undergone. For
further information, see Appendix H of BS 410:1986.

Figure 8 Record card for inspection of woven wire cloth test sieve

Appendix D Inspection of perforated


plate
D.1 Principle
First a survey is made of the condition of the
perforated plate, followed by a methodical
examination of individual apertures and finally
measurements are taken of individual aperture
size.
The procedure for measurement of aperture size
varies according to the size and to the number of
apertures in the sieve (see D.4).
D.2 Survey for condition
Examine the perforated plate in the sieve for
condition.
D.3 Oversize apertures
Examine all openings carefully and methodically in
order to detect oversize apertures. Assess suspected
oversize apertures in coarse sieves with an
engineers calliper or limit gauge, segmental or
calliper.

Inspect every aperture; check square holes at


mid-section in both directions across and check
round holes across various diameters.
Use either of the following procedures for the
inspection.
a) In any selected area check the holes along each
of two straight lines of at least 100 mm length
and including at least 10 holes, five along each
direction.
NOTE The lines should be at 90 or 60 for round holes, or
at 90 for square holes.

b) For square holes, check holes along a line


parallel to a diagonal of the holes for at
least 150 mm and at least eight holes.
If the plate has only 20 holes or less, check every
hole.
D.5 Record card
A suitable form of record card with specimen entries
for a perforated plate test sieve is given in Figure 9.

NOTE Apertures in finer sieves may be viewed when magnified


optically.

Irregularity of bridge width is an indication of


suspect apertures.
D.4 Measurement of individual apertures
Check individual apertures for compliance with the
tolerances given in Table 3.
NOTE Callipers, tapered plate gauges, segmental plain limit
plug gauges, or optical projection may be used.

BSI 01-1999

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BS 410:1986

Times used

New

Tester

ABC

Date

Visual survey

Compliance with the tolerances of BS 410

86/11

NOTE It is the users responsibility to ensure that a used test sieve is re-examined. He, or a referee, should make retests
according to the circumstances, and with a frequency appropriate to the degree of use that the sieve has undergone. For
further information see Appendix H of BS 410:1986.

Figure 9 Record card for inspection of perforated plate test sieve

Appendix E Mesh number


Wire cloth was traditionally designated by the
weaver by the number of meshes per inch, called its
mesh count or mesh number. This method was
widely used and was, until 1962, the basic
designation in BS 410. The usage in industry
persists, particularly for the ready recognition of
wire cloth by mesh count.
However, sieves in accordance with BS 410 are now
designated by aperture size, which is the
relationship to particle size in a test sieve analysis.
Table 5 is supplied only for information to relate
mesh number readily to aperture size. The number
of meshes per inch depends on the wire diameter for
a given aperture size in wire cloth and a nominal
mesh number should be taken as an approximation.

14

Table 5 Mesh number


(a) Nominal aperture
size 5.60 mm to 1.00 mm
Mesh
number

Nominal
aperture
size

(b) Nominal aperture


size 850 m to 32 m
Mesh
number

Nominal
aperture
size

mm

3
3
4

5.60
4.75
4.00

18
22
25

850
710
600

5
6
7

3.35
2.80
2.36

30
36
44

500
425
355

8
10
12

2.00
1.70
1.40

52
60
72

300
250
212

14
16

1.18
1.00

85
100
120

180
150
125

150
170
200

106
90
75

240
300
350

63
53
45

400
440

38
32

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BS 410:1986

Appendix F Calibration tests


F.1 General
When more detailed information is required about
the woven wire cloth or perforated plate in a test
sieve, the acceptance test (see 4.6 and 5.9) should be
supplemented as described in F.2.
F.2 Woven wire cloth test sieves
The measurement of the average aperture width
should be made in a number of fields evenly spread
over the whole area of the sieve, and so chosen that
no two fields are crossed by the same wire
(see Figure 10). The number of fields and the
minimum number of apertures that should be
measured in each field of a 200 mm diameter sieve
frame, in both the warp and the weft direction
separately, are given in Table 6.

Table 6 Number of apertures to be


measured in a 200 mm diameter test sieve
Nominal
aperture
width

Number of Minimum number of consecutive


apertures to be measured in
fields
each direction
In each field

In all fields

mm

3.35
2.80
2.36

10
10
10

3
3
4

30
30
40

2.00
1.70
1.40

10
10
10

4
5
6

40
50
60

1.18
1.00

10
10

8
9

80
90

850

10

10

100

710
600
500

10
10
10

12
15
15

120
150
150

425
355
300

10
10
10

20
25
30

200
250
300

250
212
180

10

30

300

15

20

300

150
125
106
90
75
63
Figure 10 Fields of measurement in
a 200 mm round test sieve

53
45
38
32

In the cases of 100 mm and 300 mm diameter sieve


frames, the number of fields for measurement
should be 4 and 15 respectively.

BSI 01-1999

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BS 410:1986

For aperture sizes larger than 3.35 mm, it is usual


to check the size with engineers gauges, and 20
and 30 apertures may be assessed rapidly by this
means. If a sieve has 20 apertures or less, then all
apertures should be measured.
If, when making this test, the measured average
aperture width is found to be so uniform in the first
few fields that the full recommended number of
fields is not measured, then the result of the fields
tested should be shown on the record card.
F.3 Perforated plate test sieves
When more detailed information is required about
the apertures in the perforated plate in a test sieve,
either more apertures should be checked by limit
gauging or the dimensions of apertures should be
measured directly.
F.4 Checking with a reference sample
Sieves can be checked by sieving known material
and comparing the amount of residue on the sieve
with that expected. Known material can be either:
a) reference material with agreed particle size
distribution; or
b) a material that has also been sieved on a set of
master test sieves reserved for this checking
operation.
NOTE For information on the availability of powders with
certified particle size distribution, apply to one of the following
bodies.
1) Community Bureau of Reference
BCR
Rue de la Loi 200
B1049 Brussels
2) National Bureau of Standards
Washington DC 20234
USA
3) Office of Reference Materials
Laboratory of the Government Chemist
Queens Road

Appendix G Maintenance of test sieves


G.1 Before each use the sieving medium and frame
should be inspected and if necessary cleaned. The
cleaning of the sieve should be carried out with
great care so that the sieving medium is not
damaged. The sieving medium should not be
fingered.

16

G.2 Occasionally sieves may be washed in warm


deionized water containing a liquid synthetic
detergent. After washing, the sieves should be
rinsed thoroughly in deionized water and dried at a
temperature not exceeding 80 C. It is important to
note that test sieves should not be heated to high
temperature. The sieves may be cleaned by
immersing in a suitable liquid, e.g. alcohol or
deionized water in an ultrasonic bath and treated
for 15 s to 20 s with a frequency not less than 30 kHz
and power input not exceeding 60 W/L.
G.3 Wire mesh test sieves, particularly those with a
nominal aperture size smaller than 3.35 mm,
should not be brushed or exposed to compressed air.

Appendix H Used sieves


H.1 Users tests on used sieves
The sizes and tolerances in this standard apply to
new sieves. With continued use, test sieves will
wear; it is therefore necessary for the apertures to
be remeasured from time to time.
If the user is not prepared to make such periodic
reinspections, recourse may be made to specialists
in testing.
H.2 Wear allowances on test sieves
The tolerances on sieve apertures are determined by
the degree of closeness to nominal values attainable
in current manufacturing practice. Increases in
aperture size (due to wear) which may be acceptable
in service are determined by the requirements of the
product, and may well be included in the product
specification. They are not necessarily the same as
the manufacturing tolerance.
H.3 Applicability of marking
The designation TEST SIEVE TO BS 410 is not
applicable when the apertures of a test sieve no
longer comply with the appropriate tolerances
according to the marking on the label on the sieve
frame (see 3.6).

BSI 01-1999

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BS 410:1986

Publications referred to
BS 1796, Method for test sieving.
ISO 565, Test sieves Woven metal wire cloth, perforated plate and electroformed sheet Nominal sizes
of openings.
ISO 2395, Test sieves and test sieving Vocabulary.

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BSI
389 Chiswick High Road
London
W4 4AL

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