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THIRD GROUP VERBS

I. FIRST SECTION (-RE

VERBS)

1) To form the present tense conjugations of the -re verbs, drop the -re
from the infinitive and add the following endings : -s, -s, -, -ons, -ez,-ent.

Je

-s

Tu

-s

Il/elle

Nous

-ons

Vous

-ez

Ils/elles

-ent

Descendre (to go down)


Je descends

Nous descendons

Tu descends

Vous descendez

Il/elle descend

Ils/elles descendent

Attendre (to wait for)


Jattends

Nous attendons

Tu attends

Vous attendez

Il/elle attend

Ils/elles attendent

Note that the final -d and -ds in the singular forms are silent. In the
third person plural the 'd' consonant sound of the stem is pronounced
because of the -ent ending.

Here is a list of common regular -re verbs :


-

Dpendre de : To depend (on)


Entendre : To hear
Pendre : To hang
Perdre : To lose
Rendre : To hand in, to give back
Rpondre : To answer, to respond
Vendre : To sell

2) PRENDRE
Verbs like prendre are conjugated like regular -re verbs in the singular,
but not in the plural. Note the difference in the stem in the plural forms.

Prendre (to take)


Je prends

Nous prenons

Tu prends

Vous prenez

Il/elle prend

Ils/elles prennent

Here is a list of common regular -re verbs :


-

Apprendre : To learn
Comprendre : To understand
Surprendre : To surprise

3) METTRE
The verb mettre is irregular.

Mettre (to place, to put)


Je mets

Nous mettons

Tu mets

Vous mettez

Il/elle met

Ils/elles mettent

Other verbs like mettre include:


-

Admettre : To admit
Permettre : To permit
Promettre : To promise
Remettre : To turn in (a report), to postpone

4) DIRE, LIRE, CRIRE


The irregular verbs dire, lire, and crire have similar conjugations.

Dire (to say)


Je dis

Nous disons

Tu dis

Vous dites

Il/elle dit

Ils/elles disent

Note the vous form dites which is unusual because it does not end in
-ez.

Lire (to read)


Je lis

Nous lisons

Tu lis

Vous lisez

Il/elle lit

Ils/elles lisent

crire (to write)


3

Jcris

Nous crivons

Tu cris

Vous crivez

Il/elle crit

Ils/elles crivent

Other verbs conjugated like crire include dcrire (to describe) and
s'inscrire (to register).

5) SUIVRE, VIVRE
The verbs suivre (to follow), and vivre (to live) are irregular.

Suivre (to follow)


Je suis

Nous suivons

Tu suis

Vous suivez

Il/elle suit

Ils/elles suivent

Vivre (to live, to be alive)


Je vis

Nous vivons

Tu vis

Vous vivez

Il/elle vit

Ils/elles vivent

6) FAIRE
The verb faire is irregular in the present tense
4

Faire (to do, to make)


Je fais

Nous faisons

Tu fais

Vous faites

Il/elle fait

Ils/elles font

Note the vous form faites. It is unusual because it does not end in -ez.
Faire is one of only three verbs where this is the case (The others are
tre: vous tes, and dire: vous dites ). You may notice, too, the similarity
in the third person plural forms of aller, tre, and faire: ils vont, ils sont,
ils font.

II. SECOND SECTION (-IR

VERBS)

1) DORMIR, MENTIR, PARTIR, SENTIR, SERVIR


The verbs dormir, mentir, partir, sentir, servir and their derivatives
conjugate as -re verbs rather than -ir verbs.

Partir (to leave)


Je pars

Nous partons

Tu pars

Vous partez

Il/elle part

Ils/elles partent

Dormir (to sleep)


Je dors

Nous dormons

Tu dors

Vous dormez

Il/elle dort

Ils/elles dorment

2) COUVRIR, OFRRIR, OUVRIR, SOUFFRIR


The verbs couvrir, offrir, ouvrir, souffrir and their derivatives are
similar, but orthographically they differ slightly: they take the simple
present endings of the -er verbs.

Ouvrir (to open)


Jouvre

Nous ouvrons

Tu ouvres

Vous ouvrez

Il/elle ouvre

Ils/elles ouvrent

Dcouvrir (to discover)


Je dcouvre

Nous dcouvrons

Tu dcouvres

Vous dcouvrez

Il/elle dcouvre

Ils/elles dcouvrent

3) VENIR, TENIR
The verbs venir (to come) and tenir (to hold), as well as their
derivatives, change their stem vowel to a diphthong or nasal in much of
their conjugations.

Venir (to come)


Je viens

Nous venons

Tu viens

Vous venez

Il/elle vient

Ils/elles viennent

Tenir (to hold)


Je tiens

Nous tenons

Tu tiens

Vous tenez

Il/elle tient

Ils/elles tiennent

Verbs conjugated like venir and tenir include:


-

Devenir : To become
Revenir : To come back

III. THIRD

SECTION

(-OIR

VERBS)

Verbs ending in -oir tend to have stem changes, which makes them
more irregular than the other conjugations. Many have stems ending in
-v, which drops before a consonant or the vowel u. Others have stems
ending in -l, which undergoes changes similar to the plural of French
nouns ending in -l. In addition, the vowel of the stem tends to become
oi /wa/ or eu /, / when there is no vowel in the inflectional ending.
They also differ from other verbs in that the vowel of both the simple
past and the past participle is -u /y/.

Pouvoir (can, to be able to, be allowed to)


Je peux

Nous pouvons

Tu peux

Vous pouvez

Il/elle peut

Ils/elles peuvent

Vouloir (to want)


Je veux

Nous voulons

Tu veux

Vous voulez

Il/elle veut

Ils/elles veulent

Devoir (must, to have to, to need to)


Je dois

Nous devons

Tu dois

Vous devez

Il/elle doit

Ils/elles doivent

Recevoir (to receive)


Je reois

Nous recevons

Tu reois

Vous recevez

Il/elle reoit

Ils/elles reoivent

Savoir (to know)


Je sais

Nous savons

Tu sais

Vous savez

Il/elle sait

Ils/elles savent

Croire (to believe)


Je crois

Nous croyons

Tu crois

Vous croyez

Il/elle croit

Ils/elles croient

Voir (to see)


Je vois

Nous voyons

Tu vois

Vous voyez

Il/elle voit

Ils/elles voient

The verbs voir "to see" and seoir "to suit" and their derivatives (prvoir,
asseoir) inflect as -ir verbs, not as -oir verbs, as they have the vowel -i- in
the past simple and subjunctive.

IV. ALLER

The verb aller "to go" has the unique quality of having a first group
ending with an irregular conjugation. It belongs to none of the three
sections of the third group, and is often categorized on its own. The verb
has different stems for different tenses.

Aller (to go)


Je vais

Nous allons

Tu vas

Vous allez

Il/elle va

Ils/elles vont

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