1
1.
Number System, LCM &
HCF, Set Theory
In an examination, 30% and 35% students
respectively failed in History and Geography while
27% students failed in both the subjects. If the
number of students passing the examination is 248,
then find the total number of students who appeared
in the examination.
[Dec 2010]
(a) 425
(c) 380
2.
(b) 400
(d) 725
3.
(b) 5%
(d) 10%
4.
(b) 54
(d) 81
[Feb 2009]
10.
[Feb 2010]
(a) 80
(c) 100
5.
(b) 96
(d) 128
Out of 80 students in a class, 25 are studying
Commerce, 15 Mathematics and 13 Physics. 3 are
studying Commerce and Mathematics, 4 are studying
Mathematics and Physics and 2 are studying
Commerce and Physics. 1 student is studying all the
three subjects together. How many students are not
studying any of the three subjects?
[Feb 2010]
(a) 35
(c) 20
6.
(a) 6
7.
(b) 7
(c) 8
(d) 9
The cost of 13 kg of sugar is ` 195. The cost of 17 kg
of rice is ` 544 and the cost of 21 kg of wheat is
` 336. What is the total cost of 21 kg of sugar, 26 kg
of rice and 19 kg of wheat?
[May 2009]
(a) ` 1451
(b) ` 1306 (c) ` 1500 (d) ` 1636
(b) 14
(d) 16
The fuel indicator in a car shows onefifth of the fuel
tank as full. When 22 more litres of fuel are poured
into the tank, the indicator rests at the threefourth
of the full mark. Find the capacity of the fuel tank.
[Dec 2008]
(a) 25 L
(c) 30 L
(b) 40
(d) 15
The sum of two numbers, one of which is onethird of
the other is 36. The smaller number is
[Sept 2009]
(b) 18
(d) 21
One of a group of swans, 7/2 times the square root of
the number are playing on the shore of the pond. The
two remaining are inside the pond. What is the total
number of swans?
[Dec 2008]
(a) 10
(c) 12
13.
(b) 1 kg
(d) 41 kg
How many numbers are there between 500 and 600
in which 9 occurs only once?
[Feb 2009]
(a) 19
(c) 20
12.
(b) 35 x 65
(d) None of these
Three different containers contain different quantities
of a mixture of milk and water, whose measurements
are 403 kg, 434 kg and 465 kg. What biggest
measure be there to measure all the different
quantities exactly?
[Feb 2009]
(a) 7 kg
(c) 31 kg
11.
The students present in an auditorium are asked to
stand in rows. If there were 4 students extra in a row
there would be 4 less rows. However, if 2 students
were less in a row, there would be 4 more rows. The
number of students present in the auditorium is
(b) 47
(d) 45
A survey shows that 63% of the Britishers like cheese,
whereas 76% like apples. If x % of the Britishers like
both cheese and apples, then find the value of x.
(a) 40 x 60
(c) 39 x 63
Two times a twodigit number is 9 times the number
obtained by reversing the digits and sum of the digits
is 9. The number is
[Feb 2010]
(a) 72
(c) 63
If such numbers which are divisible by 5 and also
those which have 5 as one of the digits are
eliminated from the numbers 1 to 60, how many
numbers would remain?
[May 2009]
(a) 40
(c) 53
9.
In a chocolate store, there are vanilla and chocolate
flavour bonbons only. 10% of the bonbons are
chocolate flavoured, 90% of the rest are squashed.
What percentage of the bonbons is vanilla flavoured
that are not squashed?
[May 2010]
(a) 9%
(c) 1%
8.
14.
(b) 35 L
(d) 40 L
The total tractor production in a state is 294000, out
of which 150000 are made by Mahindra & Mahindra.
Out of every 1000 Mahindra tractors, 98 are red in
colour, but only 53% of the total tractor production is
red. Find the percentage of nonMahindra tractors
that are red out of total nonMahindra tractors.
[Dec 2008]
(a) 5.025%
(c) 0.6125%
ocesb.wordpress.com
(b) 5.130%
(d) 6.140%
164
15.
Face to Face MAT
A girl counted in the following way on the fingers of
her left hand; she started by calling the thumb 1, the
index finger 2, the middle finger 3, the ring finger 4,
the little finger 5 and then reversed direction calling
the ring fingure 6, the middle finger 7 and so on. She
counted upto 1994. She ended counting on which
finger?
[Sept 2008]
(a) The middle finger
(c) The thumb
16.
(b) 48 yr
A clock strikes 4 taking 9s. In order to strike 12 at the
same rate, the time taken is
[Feb 2008]
(b) 27 s
(d) 33 s
At the first stop on his route, a driver unloaded 2/5
of the packages in his van. After he unloaded another
three packages at his next stop, 1/2 of the original
number of packages remained. How many packages
were in the van before the first delivery? [Feb 2008]
(a) 25
(c) 30
20.
(b) 10
(d) 36
An Army Commander wishing to draw up his 5180
men in the form of a solid square found that he had
4 men less. If he could get four more men and form
the solid square, the number of men in the front row
is
[Feb 2008]
(a) 72
21.
(b) 68
(c) 78
27.
32.
[Feb 2008]
(b) 5
(d) 6
The natural numbers are divided into groups as (1),
(2, 3), (4, 5, 6), (7, 8, 9, 10) and so on. The sum of
the numbers in the 50th group is
[Sept 2007]
(b) 24505
(d) 52650
A man arranges to pay off a debt of ` 3600 by
40 annual instalments which are in AP. When 30 of
the instalments are paid he dies leaving onethird of
the debt unpaid. The value of the 8th instalment is
(a) ` 35
(c) ` 65
33.
(b) ` 50
[Dec 2006]
(d) None of these
Which of the following is true?
34.
In the figure below, how many paths are there from A
to X if the only ways to move are up and to the right?
[Dec 2006]
X
(b) 0.6
(d) 3030
A
24. ( 9992  9982 ) is equal to
(a) 1
(b) 999
[Feb 2008]
(c) 1997
[Dec 2006]
A. 99/101 < 97/99 < 95/97
B. 95/97 < 97/99 < 99/101
C. (95/97 )2 > (97/99)2 > (99/101)2
D. (99/101)2 > (97/99)2 > (95/97 )2
(a) Only A
(b) Only B
(c) B and C
(d) B and D
The sum of the place values of 3 in the number
503535 is
[Feb 2008]
(a) 3300
(c) 60
[Sept 2007]
A number when divided by 765 leaves a remainder
42. What will be the remainder if the number is
divided by 17?
[Sept 2007]
(a) 1225
(c) 62525
To win an election, a candidate needs 3/4 of the
votes cast. If after 2/3 of the votes have been
counted, a candidate has 5/6 of what he needs, then
what part of the remaining votes does he still need?
(b) 7/12
(d) 3/8
(b) 5
(d) 4
(a) 8
(c) 7
31.
(b) 80
(d) 60
Find the whole number which when increased by 20
is equal to onesixth times the new number.
(a) 7
(c) 3
30.
(b) 55
(d) 40
In a class, 50 students play Cricket, 20 students play
Football and 10 students play both Cricket and
Football. How many play at least one of these two
games?
[Dec 2007]
(a) 10
(c) 50
29.
(b) 32
(d) 30
In a coaching institute, 40 students are selected in
banking exam coaching, 30 students selected in staff
selection exam coaching and 20 students are selected
in both the examinations coaching. How many
students are there in the institute?
[Dec 2007]
(a) 45
(c) 50
28.
[Feb 2008]
(b) 900.023
(d) 901.977
The number of twodigit numbers exactly divisible by
3 is
[Feb 2008]
(a) 33
(c) 31
(b) 10
(d) 40
(a) 1/8
(c) 1/4
23.
26.
(d) 82
A tin of oil was 4/5 full. When six bottles of oil were
taken out and four bottles of oil were poured into it,
it was 3/4 full. How many bottles of oil can it
contain?
[Feb 2008]
(a) 20
(c) 30
22.
(d) 96 yr
(b) 162
(d) 132
(a) 36 s
(c) 30 s
19.
(c) 60 yr
The highest score in an innings was 2/9 of the total
score and the next highest was 2/9 of the remainder.
These scores differ by 8 runs. What was the total
score in the innings?
[May 2008]
(a) 152
(c) 142
18.
(a) 901.023
(c) 0.14
If 6 yr are subtracted from the present age of
Randheer and the remainder is divided by 18, then
the present age of his grandson Anup is obtained. If
Anup is 2 yr younger to Mahesh whose age is 5 yr,
what is the age of Randheer?
[Sept 2008]
(a) 84 yr
17.
(b) The index finger
(d) The ring finger
25. 1000.01  99.987 is equal to
(d) 998
(a) 4
(c) 6
ocesb.wordpress.com
(b) 5
(d) 9
165
Number System, LCM & HCF, Set Theory
35.
After being set up, a company manufactured 6000
scooters in the third year and 7000 scooters in the
seventh year. Assuming that the production increases
uniformly by a fixed number every year, what is the
production in the tenth year?
[May 2006]
(a) 7850
(c) 7750
36.
(b) 7650
(d) 7950
(b) 4557.67 cm
(d) 4559.67 cm
The HCF and LCM of two numbers are 21 and 4641
respectively. If one of the numbers lies between 200
and 300, then the two numbers are
[May 2006]
(a) 273, 357
(c) 273, 359
A club consists of members whose ages are in AP, the
common difference being 3 months. If the youngest
member of the club is just 7 years old and the sum of
the ages of all the members is 250 yr, then the
number of members in the club are
[Feb 2006]
39.
Rohit, Harsha and Sanjeev are three typists, who
working simultaneously can type 216 pages in four
hours. In one hour, Sanjeev can type as many pages
more than Harsha as Harsha can type more than
Rohit. During a period of five hours, Sanjeev can type
as many pages as Rohit can during seven hours. How
many pages does each of them type per hour
respectively?
[Dec 2005]
(b) 20
(a) 14, 17, 20
(c) 15, 17, 22
40.
(b) 16, 18, 22
(d) 15, 18, 21
(b) 22 53 7 2
(d) 25 52 7 2
[Dec 2005]
100 in A and 80 in B
80 in A and 100 in B
120 in A and 100 in B
100 in A and 120 in B
(b) 16000
(d) 1600
(b) 18
(d) 6 and 12
` 6500 were divided equally among a certain number
of persons. Had there been 15 more persons each
would have got ` 30 less. Find the original number of
persons.
[Feb 2005]
47.
(b) 50
(d) 48
Onefourth of a herd of camels was seen in the forest.
Twice the square root of the herd had gone to
mountains and the remaining 15 camels were seen
on the bank of the river. Find the total number of
camels.
[Feb 2005]
(a) 32
(c) 35
48.
(b) 34
(d) 36
Determine the value of
[Feb 2005]
1
1
1
1
+
+
+. . . . +
1+ 2
2+ 3
3+ 4
120 + 121
(a) 120
(c) 12 12
(b) 10
(d) 8
49.
The sum of two numbers is 462 and their highest
common factor is 22. What is the maximum number
of pairs that satisfy these conditions?
[Nov 2004]
50.
What is the value of M and N respectively if
M39048458N is divisible by 8 and 11, where M and
N are single digit integers?
[Nov 2004]
(a) 1
(b) 3
(a) 7, 8
(c) 6, 4
51.
(c) 2
(d) 6
(b) 8, 6
(d) 5, 4
The LCM of two numbers is 280 and their ratio is
7 : 8. The two numbers are
[Nov 2004]
(a) 70, 80
(c) 35, 40
(b) 42, 48
(d) 28, 32
52.
In a class of 50 students, 23 speak English, 15 speak
Hindi and 18 speak Punjabi. 3 speak only English and
Hindi, 6 speak only Hindi and Punjabi and 6 speak
only English and Punjabi. If 9 can speak only English,
then how many students speak all the three
languages?
[Nov 2004]
53.
If Dennis is onethird the age of his father Keith now,
and was onefourth the age of his father 5 yr ago,
then how old will his father Keith be 5 yr from now?
(a) 1
The LCM of two numbers is 4800 and their HCF is
160. If one of the numbers is 480, then the other
number is
[May 2005]
(a) 16
(c) 160
The number 6n 2 + 6n for natural number n is always
divisible by
[May 2005]
(a) 45
(c) 55
(b) 648
(d) 10800
There are two examination rooms A and B. If 10
candidates are sent from A to B, the number of
students in each room is the same. If 20 candidates
are sent from B to A, the number of students in A is
double the number of students in B. Find the number
of students in each room.
[Dec 2005]
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
43.
46.
(d) 30
Running at the same constant rate, 6 identical
machines can produce a total of 270 bottles per
minute. At this rate, how many bottles could 10 such
machines produce in 4 min?
[Dec 2005]
(a) 1800
(c) 2700
42.
(c) 25
(b) 1
(d) None of these
(a) 6
(c) 12
HCF of 3240, 3600 and a third number is 36 and
their LCM is 24 35 52 7 2. The third number is
(a) 22 35 7 2
(c) 23 35 7 2
41.
45.
(b) 273, 361
(d) 273, 363
38.
(a) 15
The numbers 1 to 29 are written sidebyside as
follows
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 . 28 29
if the number is divided by 9, then what is the
remainder?
[May 2005]
(a) 3
(c) 0
The hands of a clock are 10 cm and 7 cm respectively.
The difference between the distance traversed by
their extremities in 3 days 5 h is
[May 2006]
(a) 4552.67 cm
(c) 4555.67 cm
37.
44.
(b) 2
(c) 3
(d) 5
[Nov 2004]
(a) 20 yr
(c) 40 yr
ocesb.wordpress.com
(b) 45 yr
(d) 50 yr
166
54.
Face to Face MAT
The ages of the two persons differ by 20 yr. If 5 yr
ago, the older one be 5 times as old as the younger
one, then their present ages (in yr) are
[Nov 2004]
(a) 25, 5
(c) 35, 15
55.
A man has 1044 candles. After burning, he can make
a new candle from 9 stubs left behind. Find the
maximum number of candles that can be made.
(b) 17
(b) n2 + n
(d) n2 + 2 n + 1
If x and y are negative, then which of the following
statements is/are always true?
I. x + y is positive.
II. xy is positive.
III. x  y is positive.
[Feb 2004]
(a) 122
(c) 114
(b) 118
(d) 124
67.
In a group of 15 women, 7 have nose studs, 8 have
ear rings and 3 have neither. How many of these
have both nose studs and ear rings?
[Dec 2003]
62.
Pintu dealt some cards to Mintu and himself from a
full pack of playing cards and laid the rest aside.
Pintu then said to Mintu, If you give me a certain
number of your cards, I will have 4 times as many
cards as you have. If I give you the same number of
cards, I will have thrice as many cards as you have.
How many cards did Pintu have? [Sept 2003, May 2001]
(a) 0
(a) 31
(c) 29
(b) 2
(c) 3
x
(a)
x
(c)
x
( x + 1)
(b) 5
(d) 14
How many odd numbered pages are there in a book
of 1089 pages?
[May 2003]
(b) 544
71.
(b) 1
(d) [ x]
Three friends
of them shot
remaining is
division. Find
(b) 95%
(d) 100%
divided some bullets equally. After all
4 bullets, the total number of bullets
equal to the bullets each had after
the original number of bullets.
(b) 17
(d) 18
[May 2003]
In a company, each employee gives a gift to every
other employee. If the number of gifts is 132, then
the number of employees in the company is
(b) 13
(d) 8
[Feb 2003]
Students of a class are preparing for a drill and are
made to stand in a row. If 4 students are extra in a
row, then there would be 2 rows less. But there
would be 4 more rows if 4 students are less in a row.
The number of students in the class is
(a) 96
(c) 69
74.
[May 2003]
Mohan ate half a pizza on Monday. He ate half of
what was left on Tuesday and so on. He followed this
pattern for one week. How much of the pizza would
he have eaten during the week?
[May 2003]
(a) 11
(c) 12
73.
(d) 542
(c) [ x + 1]
(a) 15
(c) 20
72.
(c) 546
For every positive real number
x x + 1
2 + 2 =
where [ ] is the greatest integer function.
(a) 99.22%
(c) 98.22%
(b) 32
(d) 30
( x + 1)
(b)
x
( x + 2)
(d)
( x + 3)
(b) 5
(d) 3
What is the remainder left after dividing 1 ! + 2 !
[May 2003]
+ 3 ! + + 100 ! by 7?
(a) 0
70.
[Sept 2003]
A positive integer, which when added to 1000, gives
a sum which is greater than when it is multiplied by
1000. This positive integer is
[May 2003]
(a) 545
(d) 7
If x is a positive number, then which of the following
fractions has the greatest value? [Sept 2003, May 2001]
(b) 1
(d) 341
(a) 0
(c) 21
69.
[Sept 2003]
The remainder when 7 84 is divided by 342 is
(a) 1
(c) 7
[Feb 2004]
61.
63.
66.
(b) II only
(d) I and III only
A student was asked to divide a number by 6 and add
12 to the quotient. He, however, first added 12 to the
number and then divided it by 6, getting 112 as the
answer. The correct answer should have been
(b) 7
(d) 17
(a) 0
(c) 49
68.
Which of the following integers is the square of an
integer of every integer n?
[Feb 2004]
(a) I only
(c) III only
60.
(d) 35
(b) x > 4
(d) x < 5
(a) n2 + 1
(c) n2 + 2 n
59.
(c) 19
65.
If x + y > 5 and x  y > 3, then which of the following
gives all possible values of x?
[Feb 2004]
(a) x > 3
(c) x > 5
58.
[Nov 2004]
What is the third term in a sequence of numbers that
leave remainder of 1, 2 and 3 when divided by 2, 3
and 4 respectively?
[Nov 2004]
(a) 11
57.
(b) 120
(d) 140
There are four prime numbers written in ascending
order. The product of the first three is 385 and that
of the last three is 1001. The first number is
(a) 5
(c) 11
(b) 30, 10
(d) 50, 30
(a) 116
(c) 130
56.
64.
(b) 56
(d) 65
The value of 2
1
+
2
(a)
2
3
ocesb.wordpress.com
1
of
2
1
of
2
(b) 1
1
2 is
1
2
[Feb 2003, Jan 2001]
[Sept 2002]
(c)
11
3
(d) 3
167
Number System, LCM & HCF, Set Theory
75.
(a) 12
(c) 10
(a) 4
(c) 3
A printer numbers the pages of a book starting with
1 and uses 3189 digits in all. How many pages does
the book have?
[May 2002]
(a) A (B C )
(c) A (B C )
[May 2002]
(b) 10.22
(d) 1.02
(b) 1016
(d) None of these
9 2 8 5
are arranged
, , ,
13 3 11 7
ascending order, then the correct sequence is
If
the
fractions
In a class, 20 opted for Physics, 17 for Maths, 5 for
both and 10 for other subjects. The class contains
how many students?
[Dec 2000]
90.
In a community of 175 persons, 40 read the Times,
50 read the Samachar and 100 do not read any. How
many persons read both the papers?
[Dec 2000]
91.
92.
83.
Which one of the following is the largest?
2 5, 6 3, 3 7 and 8 2
[Dec 2001]
84.
If the numerator and the denominator of a proper
fraction are increased by the same quantity, then the
resulting fraction is
[Dec 2001]
(c) 6 3
In a survey, it was found that 65% of the people
watched news on TV, 40% read newspaper, 25% read
newspaper and watched TV. What percentage of
people neither watched TV nor read newspaper?
(b) 5%
(d) 20%
(b) 15
93.
95.
(d) 25
[Dec 2000]
(d) 125
[Dec 2000]
Cube root of 658503 is
[Dec 2000]
(b) 77
(d) 97
What is the missing figure in the expression given
below?
[Dec 2000]
16 16 * 9 9 9
 + =1
7
7 7 7 7 7
The value of
(b) 7
(d) 32
3
0. 000064 is
[Dec 1999]
(b) 0.2
(d) None of these
The number zero (0) is surrounded by the same
2digit number on both (left and right) the sides; for
example, 25025, 67067, etc. The largest number that
always divides such a number is
[Sept 1999]
(a) 7
(c) 13
97.
(c) 120
(d) 60
(b) 343
(d) 357
(a) 0.02
(c) 2.0
96.
(c) 20
Square root of 117649 is
(a) 1
(c) 4.57
[Dec 2001]
What is the least fraction which, when added to or
29 15
subtracted from
+ , will make the result a
12 16
whole number?
[Sept 2001, Dec 1997]
(b) 80
(a) 83
(c) 87
94.
(c) 52
4
X is what per cent of th of X?
5
(a) 347
(c) 353
(d) 3 7
(a) always greater than the original fraction
(b) always less than the original fraction
(c) always equal to the original fraction
(d) None of the above
(a) 0%
(c) 10%
(a) 10
(b) 6
(d) None of these
(b) 2 5
(b) 42
(a) 75
96 + 7, when divided by 8, would have a remainder
of
[Dec 2001]
(a) 8 2
(a) 35
in
2 9 5 8
(b) , , ,
3 13 7 11
5 8 2 9
(d) ,
, ,
7 11 3 13
(b) A (B C )
(d) None of these
89.
The least number having four digits which is a
perfect square is
[May 2002]
(a) 0
(c) 5
86.
[May 2001]
The shaded region in the given Venn diagram
represents
[May 2001]
A
[Dec 2001]
85.
88.
(b) 24
(d) 11
The cube root of 1.061208 is
9 2 8 5
(a)
, ,
,
13 3 11 7
2 8 5 9
(c) ,
, ,
3 11 7 13
82.
(a) 20
(c) 22
(b) 50
(d) 450
(a) 1004
(c) 1036
81.
The highest power of 9 dividing 99! completely is
The smallest number by which 3600 can be divided
to make it a perfect cube is
[May 2002]
(a) 1.022
(c) 0.102
80.
(b)
(b) 1075
(d) None of these
(a) 9
(c) 300
79.
87.
(b) 5
(d) 4.3
(a) 1074
(c) 1000
78.
[May 2002]
31
38
17
(d)
48
(a)
(b) 13
[May 2002]
(d) None of these
76. ( 28  10 3 )1/ 2  (7 + 4 3 )1/ 2 is equal to
77.
21
38
31
(c)
48
How many fivedigit multiples of 11 are there, if the
five digits are 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 in the same order?
(b) 11
(d) 1001
The number of 3digit numbers exactly divisible by 5
is
[Sept 1999]
(a) 181
ocesb.wordpress.com
(b) 180
(c) 179
(d) 199
98.
How many of the following numbers are divisible by
132?
264, 396, 4, 762, 792, 968, 2178, 5184, 6336 [Sept 1999]
(a) 4
99.
(b) 5
1
The value of
4
(a) 2
(c) 6
(a) a < b < c
(c) b > c > a
110. If oneeighth of a pencil is black, half of the
(d) 7
remaining is yellow and the remaining 3
2
is
(b) 
(c) 
1
16
(d) 16
(a) 6 cm
(c) 8 cm
5 apples cost as much as 3 mangoes, 4 mangoes cost
as much as 9 lemons. If 3 lemons cost 48 paise, the
price of an orange is
[Sept 1998]
by 9, then that number is always divisible by
(b) 12
(d) 27
[Sept 1999]
101. Which is the smallest of the following numbers?
[May 1999]
(a)
1
7
(b)
(c)
7
7
(d)
(a) 12 paise
(c) 13 paise
number greater than 5?
1
7
(a)
lengths of multiples of 25 cm from 2 to 10 m. A
carpenter needs a large quantity of this type of board
in 1.65 m lengths. For the minimum waste, the
lengths to be purchased should be
[May 1999]
9
103. If 9 =
(a)
3x
13 11
,
5 6
(b)
1
216
(a)
1
36
[May 1998]
11 8
,
4 3
(c)
7 11
,
3 5
(d)
5 3
,
3 4
2/ 3
113. The value of
(b) 6.60 m (c) 8.25 m (d) 9.95 m
(b) 
is
1
36
[May 1998]
(c) 36
(d) 36
5 10
+ 125 is
5 = 2. 236, then the value of
2
5
equal to
[May 1998]
114. If
, then x is
1
3
(b)
[May 1999]
2
3
(c) 3
(d)
(a) 7.826
(c) 5.59
4
3
3 5
=
3
5
10
5
5
8
(b)
4
8
8
5
(d)
3
8
(a) 20
The numerical difference between the two is
[Jan 1999]
(b) 1
(c) 2
7
18
3
(a)
2
2
(b)
3
34
(d) 4
2
are 24 more than twice the number of heads. What is
the number of buffaloes in the group?
[Jan 1999]
(b) 12
(d) None of these
108. If onethird of a number is 3 more than onefourth of
the number, then what is the number?
(a) 18
(b) 24
2
(c) 30
[Sept 1998]
(d) 36
1
1
1
, then which of the
109. If a = , b = and c =
100
10
5
following statements is correct?
[Sept 1998]
(b) 3
(a) p >
(c) p <
(d) 20
(c) 7
1
9
(d) 9
p
1
p
[Dec 1997]
1
(b) 2 >
p
(d) p3 > p2
118. 1. 236 1015  5. 23 1014 equals
(a) 7.13 1014
(c) 71. 3
107. In a group of buffaloes and ducks, the number of legs
(a) 6
(c) 8
5
18
following is true?
[Jan 1999]
4
(c) 20
117. If p is a number between 0 and 1, which one of the
(d) 3
3
(c)
2
3
18
[May 1998]
[May 1998]
106. Which of the following is not the reciprocal of 2 ?
4
(b) 20
(a) 1
1
3
116. The units digit in the product 7 35 371 1155 is
105. A boy was asked to write 25 92 but he wrote 2592.
(a) 0
1
6
115. What is the value of 5 3 + 2 ?
[Jan 1999]
(c)
(b) 8.944
(d) 10.062
2
3
104. Fill in the blanks to make the statement true.
(a)
(b) 14 paise
(d) 15 paise
112. Which of the following pairs of fractions adds up to a
102. A certain type of wooden board is sold only in
(a) 3.30 m
[Sept 1998]
(b) 7 cm
(d) 11 cm
111. In a certain shop, 9 oranges cost as much as 5 apples,
100. If the sum of the digits of an even number is divisible
(a) 24
(c) 18
1
cm is blue,
2
then the total length of the pencil is
[Sept 1999]
1
2
(b) a < c < b
(d) c < a < b
119.
11 11  21
9 6  ( 2)2
=?
(a) 0
(c) 2
[Dec 1997]
(b) 7.13
(d)  3. 994
[Dec 1997]
21
52
(d) 20
(b)
120. The LCM and HCF of two numbers are 84 and 21
respectively. If the ratio of the two numbers is 1 : 4,
then the larger of the two numbers is
[Dec 1997]
(a) 12
(c) 84
ocesb.wordpress.com
(b) 48
(d) 108
Answers with Explanations
1.
(b) History
Geography
7.
27
3.
(a) Let there are 100 bonbons.
10 bonbons are chocolate flavoured.
90 bonbons are vanilla flavoured.
81 bonbons are squashed.
So, 9 bonbons of vanilla flavoured are not squashed.
\ Required percentage = 9%
4.
5.
(i)
(ii)
(b) Let there are r rows and x students in each row.
\
( x + 4) (r  4) = x r
x r  4 x + 4r  16 = x r
(i)
 4 x + 4r = 16
and
( x  2) (r + 4) = x r
x r + 4x  2r  8 = x r
(ii)
4x  2r = 8
Adding Eqs. (i) and (ii),
2 r = 24
r = 12
\ From Eq. (ii), 4 x  24 = 8
4 x = 32
x=8
\ Total number of students = 8 12 = 96
(a)
(a) Eliminated numbers are 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40,
45, 50, 51, , 60
So, total eliminated numbers are 20.
\ 40 numbers would remain.
9.
(c) Minimum possible value of x = 63 + 76  100 = 39
Maximum possible value of x = 63
So, value of x lies between 39 and 63.
ie, 39 x 63
10.
(c) Required measure = HCF of 403, 434 and 465
= 31 kg
11.
(b) Required numbers are 509, 519, 529, 539, 549, 559,
569, 579, 589, 590, 591, 592, , 1598
So, there are 18 such numbers.
12.
(d) Let the total number of swans be x.
The number of swans playing on shore =
13.
(d) Let the capacity of the fuel tank be x L.
x
3
Given,
+ 22 = x
5
4
3 1
\
 x = 22
4 5
11
x = 22
20
x = 40 L
14.
(c) Total production of red tractor
= 294000 53% = 15582
Number of red tractors of Mahindra make
150000
=
98 = 14700
1000
Number of nonMahindra tractors
= 294000  150000 = 144000
\ Number of Mahindra red tractors
= 15582  14700 = 882
Hence, required percentage
Maths
1
2
2
1
9
3
Physics
Total students studying at least one subject
= 21 + 1 + 2 + 1 + 9 + 3 + 8 = 45
Students who are not studying any of the three
subjects
= 80  45 = 35
(d) Let the numbers be 3x and x.
\
3x + x = 36
7
x
2
Number of remaining swans = 2
7
\
x=
x +2
2
7
( x  2) =
x
2
Now, among the options only x = 16 satisfies.
3
Commerce
21
6.
8.
(d) Let the twodigit number = xy
\ 2 (10 x + y ) = 9 (10 y + x )
88 y  11 x = 0
Also,
x+ y=9
Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
x = 8 and y = 1
So, the number is 81.
(a) Cost of 13 kg of sugar = ` 195
\ Cost of 21 kg of sugar = ` 315
Cost of 17 kg of rice = ` 544
\ Cost of 26 kg of rice = ` 832
Cost of 21 kg of wheat = ` 336
\ Cost of 19 kg of wheat = ` 304
\ Required cost = 315 + 832 + 304 = ` 1451
Percentage of student failed = 38
\ Percentage of student passed = 62
Let total number of students be x.
62% of x = 248
100
\ x = 248
= 400
62
2.
4 x = 36
x=9
ocesb.wordpress.com
170
Face to Face MAT
=
15. (d) Thumb
Middle
Ring
Little
10
11
12
16
15
14
18
19
20
24
23
22
26
27
28
32
31
30
25
33
17.
(b) Let the total score in the innings be x.
2
Then, highest score = x
9
2
2
Next highest score = x  x
9
9
2
2
2
\
x  x  x = 8
9
9
9
2
8 9
xx+ x=
9
2
8 9 9
x=
= 162
22
(b) A clock strikes 4 taking 9 s.
9 12
\ Time taken to strike 12 =
= 27s
4
19.
(c) Let the total number of packages be x.
2
x
\
x + 3=
5
2
1
x=3
10
\
x = 30
(a) Total number of men = 5180 + 4 = 5184
\ Number of men in first row = 5184 = 72
21.
(d) Let the tin oil contain x number of bottles.
4
3
x6+ 4= x
5
4
1
x=2
20
\
x = 40 bottles
22.
(b) Let total number of votes cast be x.
5 2
5
x= x
6 3
9
3
5
7
Votes still need to win = x  x =
x
4
9
36
1
Remaining uncounted votes = x
3
7
3 7
\ Required part =
=
36 1 12
21
29
2
x
3
Votes that candidate got =
13
From the above counting pattern, we find that every
multiple of 8 comes on index finger and moves
towards thumb therefore, the last multiple of 8
1994
which appears on index finger will be
1992.
8
Hence, 1994 will be on ring finger.
R6
(c)
=A
18
Given,
Mahesh = 5 yr
Anup = 3 yr
\
\
R = 18 3 + 6 = 60 yr
18.
20.
Total number of counted votes =
Index
17
16.
882
100 = 0.6125%
144000
23.
(d) Required sum = 3000 + 30 = 3030
24.
(c) (9992  9982 ) = (999  998) (999 + 998)
= 1997
25.
(b) 1000.01  99.987 = 900.023
26.
(d) Required numbers are 12, 15, 18, , 99
This is an AP with a = 12 and d = 3
\
Tn = a + (n  1) d
99 = 12 + (n  1) 3
99  12
n 1 =
3
n = 29 + 1 = 30
27.
(c) Banking
Staff
Selection
Exam
20
20
10
\ Total number of students = 20 + 20 + 10 = 50
28.
(d) Number of students who play Cricket = 50
Number of students who play Football = 20
Number of students who play both games = 10
Number of students who play only Cricket
= 50  10 = 40
Number of students who play only Football
= 20  10 = 10
\ Number of students who play at least one game
= 40 + 10 + 10 = 60
29.
(d) Let the whole number be x.
1
\
x = ( x + 20)
6
6 x = x + 20
5x = 20 x = 4
30.
(a) Let the number be (765x + 42).
When this number is divided by 17, then quotient
will be (45x + 2) and remainder will be 8.
31.
(c) Let S = 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + K + Tn
or S = 1 + 2 + 4 + K + Tn  1 + Tn
Subtracting, we get
0 = 1 + [1 + 2 + 3 + K (n  1)]  Tn
Tn = 1 + 2 + 3 ++ (n  1) + 1
n (n  1)
=
+1
2
\ First number of 50th term
50 49
=
+ 1 = 1226
2
ocesb.wordpress.com
Number System, LCM & HCF, Set Theory
22
10 77 = 22 220 = 4840 cm
7
Distance traversed by the hourhand in 12 h
22
= 2
7 = 44 cm
7
Distance traversed by the hourhand in 77 h
44
11 77 847
=
77 =
=
= 282.33 cm
12
3
3
\ Required difference
= 4840  282.33 = 4557.67 cm
\ Sum of numbers of 50th term
= 1226 + 1227 + upto 50th term
50
=
[ 2 1226 + (50  1) 1]
2
= 25 2501 = 62525
32.
33.
(c) Let the first instalment be a and the common
difference between any two consecutive instalments
be d.
Using the formula for the sum of an AP,
n
Sn = [ 2 a + (n  1)d]
2
We have,
40
3600 =
[ 2 a + (40  1) d] = 20(2 a + 39d )
2
(i)
180 = 2 a + 39d
30
Again, 2400 =
[ 2 a + (30  1) d] = 15(2 a + 29d )
2
(ii)
160 = 2 a + 29d
Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii),
20 = 10d d = 2
Therefore, 180 = 2 a + 39 2
2 a = 102 a = 51
Value of 8th instalment
= 51 + (8  1) 2 = 51 + 14 = ` 65
2
99
99
(d)
= 0. 9802,
= 0. 9607
101
101
= 2
37.
38.
(c) Let n be the number of members in the club.
n
3
Then, 250 = 2 7 + (n  1)
2
12
n
1
1
250 = 14 + n 
2
4
4
n2 n
250 = 7 n +
8 8
n = 25
39.
(d) Let Rohits typing in 7 h be x pages.
x
Then, his first hour typing = pages
7
Sanjeevs typing in 5 h = x pages
x
Sanjeevs typing in 1 h = pages
5
x 1 6x
x
\ Harshas typing in 1 h = + =
5 7 2 35
x 6x
x
\4 + +
= 216
5 35
7
216 35
18 x
4
= 105
= 216 x =
18 4
35
105
6 105
\ Required ratio =
: 105
:
= 15 : 18 : 21
7
35 5
40.
(a) 3600 = 4 9 100 = 22 32 52 22 = 24 32 52
95
95
= 0. 9793, = 0. 9592
97
97
Hence, only B and D are correct.
(c) There are six ways
G
H
A
X
E
D
C
AHGFX
AHEFX
AHEDX
ABEFX
ABEDX
ABCDX
35.
36.
41.
42.
(c) Production in third year =6000
Production in seventh year =7000
\ Production in fourth year =1000
ie, Production increases @ 250 scooters every year.
\ Production in tenth year
= (7000 + 250 3) = 7750
(b) Distance traversed by the extremity of the
22
minutehand in one hour = 2
10
7
Distance traversed by the extremity of the
minutehand in 3 days and 5 h, ie, in 77 h
(a) Product of the numbers = HCF LCM = 21 4641
= 21 3 7 13 17 = 3 7 3 7 13 17
\ The numbers can be 3 7 13 and 3 7 17,
ie, 273 and 357.
97
97
= 0. 9797, = 0. 9600
99
99
34.
171
3240 = 810 4 = 32 32 2 5 22 = 34 23 5
Third number = 22 35 7 2
270 10 4
(a) Number of machines =
= 1800
6
(a) A  10 = B + 10
A  B = 20
and A + 20 = 2 (B  20)
A  2 B =  60
From Eqs. (i) and (ii), A = 100, B = 80
43.
(d) LCM HCF = Product of two numbers
4800 160
\ Other number =
= 1600
480
44.
(a) Sum of digits from numbers 1 to 10 = 46
Sum of digits from numbers 11 to 20 = 56
Sum of digits from numbers 21 to 29 = 63
\ Sum of digits in given numbers
= 46 + 56 + 63 = 165
ocesb.wordpress.com
(i)
(ii)
172
Face to Face MAT
\ Sum of digits in the number 165 = 12 which gives a
remainder of 3 when divided by 9.
45.
(d) Let P (n) = 6n2 + 6n
x=5
\ Numbers are 35, 40.
52.
For n = 1
P(1) = 6 + 6 = 12
Hence, it is divisible by 6 and 12 as well.
46.
x =
64 + 720 8 28
=
6
6
x = 36
1
1
+
+ +
2+ 3
3+ 4
\
1
1+
(b)
=
( 2  1)
2
( 2  1 )
( 3  2)
2
( 3  2 )
1
120 + 121
( 4  3)
2
54.
(b) Let the present ages be x and y yr .
Then,
x  y = 20
and
( x  5) = 5 ( y  5)
From Eqs. (i) and (ii),
20 + y  5 = 5y  25
y = 10 yr and
x = 30 yr
( 121  120 )
2
= ( 2  1 ) + ( 3  2) + ( 4  3)
(c) 1 candle is made from 9 stubs.
Hence, 116 candles will be made from 1044 stubs.
From 116 candles, 12 candles can be made with
8 stubs left.
Now, total stubs left = (12 + 8) = 20 out of which two
candles can be made with 2 stubs left.
\ Maximum number of candles that can be made
= 116 + 12 + 2 = 130
56.
(d) The series obtained
= 4 2 + 3, 4 5 + 3, 4 8 + 3, 4 11 + 3
= 11, 23, 35,
57.
(b) x + y > 5
=  1 + 121 = 11  1 = 10
(d) There are 6 such pairs
(22, 440), (44, 418), (88, 374), (110, 352),
(176, 286), (220, 242)
50.
(c) A number is divisible by 8 if the number formed by
the last three digits is divisible by 8, ie, 58N is
divisible by 8.
Hence, N = 4
Again a number is divisible by 11 if the difference
between the sum of digits at even place and sum of
digits at the odd places is either 0 or divisible by 11,
ie, (M + 9 + 4 + 4 + 8)  (3 + 0 + 8 + 5 + N )
= M + 25  (16 + N ) = M  N + 9
(M  N ) + 9 must be zero or it must be divisible
by 11
ie,
M N =2
M = 2+ 4 = 6
\
M = 6, N = 4
(c) Let the number be 7 x and 8 x.
\
HCF = x
LCM HCF = Product of numbers
\
280 x = 56 x 2
(i)
(ii)
55.
+ + ( 120  119 ) + ( 121  120 )
49.
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
(d) Let the present age of Dennis and his father be x and
y respectively.
Then,
1
(i)
x= y
3
1
(ii)
and
( x  5) = ( y  5)
4
From Eqs. (i) and (ii), y = 45 yr and x = 15 yr
Hence, required age = ( y + 5) = 50 yr
( 121  120 )
51.
53.
( 4  3 )
+
E
c
a + b + g + e = 15
e + f + g + d = 18
and a + b + c + d + e + f + g = 50
Solving Eqs. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
b = 3, f = 6, d = 6, c = 9 and g = 5
(d) Let the total number of camels be x, then
1
x + 2 x + 15 = x
4
x
x   2 x = 15
4
3x  8 x  60 = 0
b
g
f
P
x = 50
48.
x 2 + 15x  3250 = 0
47.
H
a
(b) Let there be originally x persons.
6500
6500
Then,
=
+ 30
x
x + 15
6500 6500 + 30 x + 450
=
x
x + 15
(i)
(d) Given, b + c + g + d = 23
xy>3
Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get
2x > 8 x > 4
(i)
(ii)
58.
(d) (n + 1)2 = n2 + 2 n + 1
59.
60.
(b) Product of two negative integers is always positive.
(a) Let the number be x, then operations undertook by
x + 12
the student =
= 112
6
x = 660
660
\ Correct answer =
+ 12 = 122
6
ocesb.wordpress.com
Number System, LCM & HCF, Set Theory
61.
(c) Number of women who have either nose studs or ear
rings = (15  3) = 12
\ Number of those who have both nose studs and
ear rings = (8 + 7 )  12 = 3
62.
(a) Let P and M denote Pintu and Mintu respectively.
(P + n) = 4 (M  n)
P  4M =  5n
(i)
and
(P  n) = 3 (M + n)
P  3M = 4n
(ii)
Solving Eqs. (i) and (ii), we get M = 9n and P = 31n
Put n = 1, we get P = 31
63.
(b) Let x = 1, then
and
\
(a) The four prime numbers are 5, 7, 11, 13
as 5 7 11 = 385
7 11 13 = 1001
Hence, the first prime number is 5.
65.
(b)
7 84
342
(7 3 )28
342
(343)28
342
the same remainder as
72.
(c) Let the number of employees in the company be n.
\ Total number of gifts = n(n  1) = 132
n2  n  132 = 0
(n + 11)(n  12) = 0
n = 12
73.
(a) Let the number of students in the class be x. Let the
number of rows in which they are made to stand is y.
x
\ Number of students in each row will be .
y
x
Given, + 4 ( y  2) =  4 ( y + 4)
y
(1)28
1
342
(a) Clearly, 1000 + 1 > 1000 1
67.
(b) 7 ! + 8 ! + 9 ! + 10 ! + . . . . . . 100 ! is
68.
completely divisible by 7
Now, 1 ! + 2! + 3! + 4 ! + 5! + 6 !
= 1 + 2 + 6 + 24 + 120 + 720 = 873
which leaves a remainder of 5 when divided by 7.
1089 + 1
(a) Number of odd numbered pages =
= 545
2
x
x + 1 2x + 1
(d) Given expression = +
=
2
2
2
1
= x + = [ x]
2
Hence, required positive integer is 1.
(a) Quantity of pizza he ate during the week
1 1 1
1
1
1
1
127
= + + +
+
+
+
=
2 4 8 16 32 64 128 128
127
\ Percentage of pizza he ate =
100
128
= 99. 22%
3x  4 y 2  4 y = 0
4y2 + 4y
x=
3
The least value of y which satisfy the given
condition is 8 ie, y = 8
x = 96
1 1 1 1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2=14=2
(a)
=
1 1 1
3
2 3 3
+
2 2 2
4
75.
(a) A number is divisible by 11 if the difference between
the sum of digits at even places and odd places is
either 0 or divisible by 11
\ Number 5 3 6 4 7 is a multiple of 11.
Now, digits 5 6 7 can be arranged in 3! ways and
digits 3 and 4 can be arranged in 2! way. Therefore,
total number of ways of such numbers = 3! 2! = 12
76.
(c) Let
(343)28
will have
342
66.
70.
(d) Let after division each of them had x bullets, then
total number of bullets they had after using 4 bullets
each = ( x  4) + ( x  4) + ( x  4) = 3x  12
Given,
3x  12 = x
x=6
\ Original number of bullets = 6 3 = 18
74.
According to remainder theorem,
69.
71.
x
x+1 2
= 1,
= =2
x
x
1
x
1
= = 0. 5,
x+1 2
x+2 3
= = 0.75
x+3 4
x+1
has the greatest value.
x
64.
173
28  10 3 =
x 
28  10 3 = x + y  2 xy
x + y = 28, xy = 75
( x  y )2 = ( x + y )2  4 xy = 784  300 = 484
x  y = 22
x = 25, y = 3
28  10 3 = 25  3
Again, let
7+4 3=
x +
7 + 4 3 = x + y + 2 xy
x + y = 7, xy = 12
x  y = (7 )2  4 12 = 1
x = 4, y = 3
7+4 3= 4+
Now,
(28  10
ocesb.wordpress.com
1
3)2
3

 (7 + 4 3)
= 25  3 = 25  3 
1
2
1
4+ 3
4 3
1
174
Face to Face MAT
= 25  4 = 5  2 = 3
77.
(a) 1digit numbers have 9 digits (9 numbers).
2digit numbers have 180 digits (90 numbers).
3digit numbers have 2700 digits (900 numbers).
4digit numbers have 300 digits (75 numbers).
Since, total number of digits = 3189
\ Number of digit for 4digit numbers
= 3189  (9 + 180 + 2700) = 300
\ Total number of pages
= 9 + 90 + 900 + 75 = 1074
78.
(d) The smallest number is 450.
3600
As
= 8 = (2)3
450
79.
(d)
80.
(d) None of the options given is a four digit perfect
square.
2 9 5 8
(b) Correct sequence in ascending order is ,
, , .
3 13 7 11
96 + 7
(a) According to the remainder theorem,
will
8
(1)6 + 7
have the same remainder as
and this will
8
have remainder as 0.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
88.
(c) Clearly, the shaded region is A (B C ).
89.
(b)
15
Only
Physics
90.
1.061208 = 1.02
91.
92.
(d)
80% of the people either watch TV or read
newspaper.
\ 20% neither watch TV nor read newspaper.
(c) Now,
Only
Maths
117649 = 343
95.
(b)
96.
(d) 1001 25 = 25025
94.
658503 = 87
256 * 9 81
(d)
+
=1
49
49
49
256  * 9 + 81 = 49
 * 9 = 49  256  81
 * 9 =  288
288
\ It should be replaced by
= 32
9
0. 000064 = 3 0. 008 = 0. 2
97.
(b) Only 180 out of the given options is exactly divisible
by 5.
98.
(a) Numbers 264, 396, 792 and 6336 are divisible by
132.
99.
1
(d)
4
2
= (4)2 = 16
100. (c) Number is divisible by 18. For example, number 36
29 15 116 + 45 161
+
=
=
12 16
48
48
Clearly, the least fraction among options given is
31
.
48
161 31 192
+
=
=4
48
48 48
A whole number
87.
(b)
40 25 15
86.
Both
1001 67 = 67067 etc.
\ 1001 is the largest number which divides the
number of the type 25025.
Newspaper
TV
12
(b) Number of persons, who read newspapers
= 175  100 = 75
Now, number of persons who read either and both
of the papers = (40 + 50) = 90
Hence, number of those who read both the papers
= (90  75) = 15
X
5
(d) Percentage =
100 = 100 = 125%
4
4
X
5
(c)
93.
3 = 6 1.732 = 10. 392
7 = 3 2. 646 = 7. 938
2 = 8 1. 414 = 11. 312
8 2 is the largest.
1
(a) Let any proper fraction be .
2
1+ 2 3
New fraction =
=
2+ 2 4
3 1
Now,
>
4 2
Note : Required number will contain 3 at the unit
place, hence options (a) and (d) are ruled out.
(a) 2 5 = 2 2. 236 = 4. 472
6
3
8
\
(ignoring the fractional part)
= 10 + 1 = 11
(d) 99 ! = 99 98 97 96 95 94 1
To find the highest power of 9 that divides the
above product, it is required to find the sum of
powers of all 9 s in the expansion.
99 99
\ Sum of powers of 9 s = 1 + 2
9
9
101.
is even and sum of digits (3 + 6) is 9 divisible by 9.
Hence, the number 36 is divisible by 18.
1
1
7
(d) Clearly, <
< 7
7
7
7
1
is the smallest number.
\
7
102. (c) 1.65 m = 165 cm
\ Required length = LCM of 25 and 165
= 825 cm = 8.25 m
103. (b) 9x 3x = 9
(3)2x (3)x = 9 (3)3x = (3)2
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Number System, LCM & HCF, Set Theory
3x = 2
2
x=
3
3 5 3 5 3 1 3 4
(b)
=
=
=
5 10 5 10 5 2 5 8
104.
106.
Hence, the numerical difference is 0.
4
4
34
2
3
(c) Reciprocal of = = 4
2
3
2
2 / 3
1
113. (d)
115.
107. (b) Let the number of buffaloes be x and number of
ducks be y. Then, number of legs = 4 x + 2y, number
of heads = x + y
Given, 4 x + 2y = 2( x + y ) + 24
2x = 24
x = 12
109.
110.
111. (a) 9 lemons = 144 paise = 4 mangoes
144
3 = 108 paise = 5 apples
4
9 oranges = 108 paise
108
\ One orange =
= 12 paise
9
\
3 mangoes =
112. (b) We have to check each option here.
216
5 10
5 10 5 5
(a)
+ 125 =
+
2
2
1
5
5
5  20 + 10 5
35
35
=
=
=
= 7.826
2 2.236 4.472
2 5
17 19 7 323 7
(c)
+ =
+
3
6
3
18
3
323 + 42 365
5
=
=
= 20
18
18
18
116. (a) Unit digit in (7 )4 = 1, therefore unit digit in (7 4 )8 ie,
7 32 will be 1.
Hence, unit digit in (7 )35 = 1 7 7 7 = 3
Again, unit digit in (3)4 = 1
Therefore, unit digit in the expansion of (34 )17
108. (d) Let the number be x, then
x x
 =3
3 4
x
=3
12
x = 36
1
1
1
(c) a =
, b= , c=
100
5
10
or
a = 0. 01, b = 0. 2 , c = 0.1
\
b>c>a
1
(c)
part of pencil is black. Half of remaining, ie,
8
1 7
7
7
is yellow. Now, the part left = , which
=
2 8 16
16
is equal to
1
3 = 3. 5
2
Therefore, total length of the pencil
3. 5
=
= 8 cm
7 / 16
11 8 65
+ =
= 5. 4175
4
3 12
2 / 3
2
1
1
3
=  = (6)2 = 36
6
6
We find that
114.
105. (a) 25 92 = 81 32 = 2592.
175
117.
= (3)68 = 1
\ Unit digit in the expansion of (3)71
=1 333=7
and unit digit in the expansion of (11)55 = 1
\ Unit digit in the expansion of 7 35 371 1155
= 3 7 1 = 1
1
(c) Clearly, if 0 < p < 1 say 0.5, then 0. 5 <
0. 5
1
Therefore, p <
p
118. (a) 1. 236 1015  5. 23 1014
119.
= 1014 (12.36  5. 23)
= 1014 7.13
= 7.13 1014
11 11  21 121  21 100
(c)
=
=
=2
54  4
50
9 6  (2)2
120. (c) Let the numbers be x and 4x.
Then, 84 21 = x 4 x
4 x 2 = 1764
x 2 = 441
x = 21
Hence, the larger number is 4 x = 84
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