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Structural stability

RobertoCrocetti(RC)
PerJohanGustafson(PJG)
KentPersson (KP)
PerErikAustrell (PEA)

Courseschedule
Day

Time

Lecture

Teacher

23/1

1517(*)

Introduction Generalissuesconcerningbuckling(local
andglobalbuckling,etc.)

RC

30/1

1517(*)

IIandIIIordertheories
Energyconcept

PEA
RC

6/2

1517(*)

Stabilityofspringbarsystem

RC

13/2

1517(*)

Columnbuckling:Generalequation,Statical andEnergy
approaches

RC

ColumnBuckling:Columnwithvaryingcrosssections,
ColumninWinklersoil,etc

RC

Beamcolumns

RC

DerivationofIIorderequations
TorsionandTorsionalBuckling

PJG

20/2
27/2

1517(*)

6/3
13/3

1517(*)

LateralTorsionalBuckling

PJG

20/3

1517(*)

BucklingofFrames

RC

27/3

1517(*)

BucklingofArches

RC

1/4

1517(*)

Bracingofcolumnsandbeams

RC

10/4

1517(*)

Discussion

all

Textbooks
TheoryofElasticStability,2ndEdition,byS.P.TimoshenkoandJ.M.
Gere,McGrawHill,1961.
StructuralStabilityofSteel,byGalambos etal,2008
Knckning,O.Pettersson
Handouts fromtheteachers

Alittle bitof history

PietervanMusschenbroek (1692 1761)

Experimentsoncolumn
buckling1729
He found that Pfail is
proportionalto1/L2

Mnchenstein rail disaster

14 June 1891
over seventy fatalities

LudwigvonTetmajer (18501905)

Tetmajers designcurve

Bjrnkessons books

Quebecbridge
Roadwayandrailwaybridgeacrossthelower SaintLawrenceriver tothewest
of QuebecCityandLvis,Quebec,Canada.

Proposedcantileverbridge

Itshouldhavebeenthelongestbridgeforrailwaytrafficin
theworld

Background
Theworksstartedin1904
Firstcollapsein1907(75fatalities!)
Asecondnewbridgestartedtobeconstructedin1909
Secondcollapse:September1916(centralspancollapsedduring
erection,13fatalities)
Completionofthebridge:September1917
Bridgestillinservice

Construction

Thesouthcantileverarmandthefirst
threepanelsofthesuspendedspan
justbeforethecollapse(latesummer
1907)

Whatwentwrong?

Whatisthecriticalloadforabuiltupmember?

Pcr

Pcr

Ad thetotalareaoffourLflangesinonepanel
(thediagonals) twoatthetopandtwoatthe
bottom whereeachdiagonalisL100x75x9.5
mm3 havingcross sectionof1613mm2

1
d3

Pcr E Ad a b 2
1

919.9

1.97 3
6

2.1 105 6452 10 1.38 1.412

316.6 MN

Andtheresultwas

Bucklingproblemshave also occurred with


timber structures

Sandbridge

Sandbridge
(roadwaybridgeverngermanlven)

however
inordertocreateaslittledisturbanceaspossibletotheshiptraffic
duringconstruction,anewerectionmethodwasadopted
Thefalsework,atimberarchconstructionwithspanof250mwas
constructedontheshoreandthenshippedtothebuildingplace

Proposedbridgeconstructionmethod

Thelongestconcretearchbridgeoftheworld,atthetime
ofconstruction(1939).Spanlength:247,5m
(duringshipping,atensiontiewasusedtotakethehorizontaltrust)

Background
TheworksstartedinApril1938
Collapseofthetimberfalseworkin31August1939
Thetimberfalseworkfailedduringconcreting
18fatalities

Crosssectionofthefalseworkarch

Investigations (1960s)
HjalmarGranholm,Chalmers,found that thebending stiffness of the
arch intheoutofplanedirection was only 13%of thebending stiffness
of asimilar arch with fullcomposite action

Bucklingtypes
Local buckling
Globalbuckling

Local buckling

Examples of local buckling

Flange buckling

Shear buckling

Webbuckling
due topatch loading
(kistaraset)

GlobalBuckling

GlobalBuckling

Shellbuckling
buckling caused by a
combination of:
axial compression from
the overturning moment
generated by an
earthquake
axisymmetric hoop
tension generated by the
hydrostatic internal
pressure from the stored
wine and

in-plane shear generated


by earthquake motion