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ORDREDESINGNIEURSDUQUBEC

NOVEMBER2011SESSION

Openbookexamination
Calculators:onlyauthorizedmodels
Duration:3hours
98CIVB4ENGINEERINGHYDROLOGY

Question1(20pts)
AtimeseriesofmaximumannualflowsQoftheNoireRivercoversyears19612000.The
followingstatisticswereretrievedfromthis40yeartimeseries:
Qmean=550m3/s
s=155m3/s
whereQmeanistheaverageofthemaximalannualflowsandsisthestandarddeviation.
AhistogramplotofthetimeseriesconfirmsthatQfollowsanormaldistribution.
a) Computethemaximalannualflowcorrespondingtoareturnperiodof100years.(5pts)
b) Whatistheprobabilitythatthemaximalannualflowwillbebetween700and800m3/s?
(5pts)
c) ThemunicipalityofBelleRiviregetsfloodedwhentheriverflowexceeds850m3/s.
Computethereturnperiodassociatedwiththisevent.(5pts)
d) AtimeseriesofflowsoftheNoireRivermeasuredbetween1921and1960wasfound
inarchives.Qmeanandsofthistimeseriesis520and145m3/s,respectively.Verifythe
hypothesisthatQmeancomputedofthe19612000periodisstatisticallysimilartoQmean
ofthe19211960period.(5pts)

Question2(20pts)
Araingagerecordedthehyetographbelow,correspondingtoa24hourrainfallevent:

Thisrainfalleventoccurreduniformlyoverawatershedhavingasurfaceareaof295ha.
Thetotalrunoffvolumemeasuredatthewatershedoutletis75000m3.Baseflowintheriver
drainingthewatershedwasconstantat0.3m3/sduringthestorm.ComputetheSCSrunoff
curvenumber(CN)ofthiswatershed.

Question3(20pts)
Calculatethenetrainfallhyetographfromthetotalrainfallhyetographbelow,usingthe
followinginfiltrationparametersoftheHortonmodel:
fo=30mm/h
fc=5mm/h
k=1.5h1

Question4(20pts)
Thevolumeofanexistingdetentionbasinwithverticalwallsis10000m3.Itisproposedto
replacethecurrentoutletbyasmalleronebecauseofrecurringfloodingproblemsdownstream
fromthebasin.Maximumflowatthebasinoutletwillbe0.5m3/s.Theinflowandoutflow
hydrographsareapproximatedbytriangularshapesaspresentedinthefigurebelow.

Inflowhydrograph

Flow

Outflowhydrograph

Time

Forsafetyreasons,thetimetofill/emptythedetentionbasinhasbeenestablishedto10hours.
a) Whatisthemaximumpeakflowoftheinflowhydrographthatthedetentionbasincan
accept?Baseflowoftheinflowhydrographis1.5hour.(10pts)
b) Thewatershedthatgeneratestherunoffenteringthedetentionbasinhasanareaof44
ha,atimeofconcentrationof12minutesandarunoffcoefficientC=0.35.Calculatethe
return period of the maximum peak flow entering the detention basin. Use the idf
curvesbelowforthecomputations.(10pts)
i

a
tinminutes,iinmm/h
tc

T (years)
2
5
10
25
50
100

c
13
13
16
24
27
28

a (mm/h)
1778
2464
2819
4318
4750
5588

Question5(20pts)
3

Computeandplotthedirectrunoffhydrographresultingfromtheconvolutionoftheunit
hydrographandthetotalrunoffhyetographbelow.WhatarethepeakflowQp,timetopeaktp
andbaseflowtBofthedirectrunoffhydrograph?
Theunithydrographisforanetrainfallof1cmdepthand3hourduration.
Itisassumedthattheinitialsoilinfiltrationcapacityis14mm/handdecreaseslinearlytoreach
2mm/hafter12hours.
Unithydrograph
Time(hours)
0
3
6
9
12
15

HU(m3/s)
0
40
120
90
50
0

Totalrainfallhyetograph
Time(hours)
0h003h00
3h006h00
6h009h00
9h0012h00

Precipitation(mm/h)
15.5
4
3
7.5