Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 54

parameter paremetr valuefrom to multiplying factorfactor

length 1 m ft 0.305
pressure 1 kg/cm2 psi 14.223
Temperature 1 C F 33.800
0
Sp. Heat 1 Kcal/kg C Btu/lb0F 1.000693
Density 1 kg/m3 lb/ft3 0.062
Viscosity 1 cp lb/(ft)(hr) 2.420
Thermal cond.1 Kcal/h-m-C Btu/h-ft-F 0.672
2 0
heat t. coeff 1 kcal/(hr)(m2)C Btu/hr(ft )( F) 0.205
1 m2 in2 1549.97
1 m2 ft2 10.76
ft2 m2 0.09
1 (hr)(m2)(0C)/Kcal(hr)(ft2)(0F)/Btu 4.88
multiplying factorfactor

Refer appendix table 1. (Kern)

1 1 kj/kgC=0.239 Btu/lbF
SI units
DATA INPUT Hot Fluid: Styrene

T1, Inlet temperature 43 C


T2, outlet temperature 20 C
W, mass flow rate 21240 kg/hr
c, sp. Heat at inlet 0.43 Kcal/kg 0C
c, sp. Heat at outlet 0.41 Kcal/kg 0C
Average c 0.42 Kcal/kg 0C
s, specific gravity, inlet 0.89
s, specific gravity, outlet 0.9
Average s 0.89
Density, inlet 885.11 kg/m3
Density, outlet 904.18 kg/m3
Average density 894.65 kg/m3

µ, viscosity inlet 0.55 cp


µ, viscosity outlet 0.75 cp
Average µ 0.65 cp
k, Thermal cond. Inlet 0.11 Kcal/h-m-C
k, Thermal cond. Outlet 0.12 Kcal/h-m-C
Average k 0.12 Kcal/h-m-C
Rd, dirt factor 0 h-m2-C/kcal

Tube side

BWG thickness
ID, bwg
OD, bwg 16
flow area per tube
surface area per feat
triangular pitch
square pitch
Passes 2.0
length of tube

Step 1 Heat Heat load from hot fld. 205178.40 Kcal/hr

Step 2 LMTD 20.713 C


Assume 1-2 ExchangerNumber of tube passes
R 4.600
S 0.139
from graph Ft 0.97
true temp diff. 19.99 C

Step 3 Caloric temperature del t cold terminal 13


del t hot terminal 31
del tc/del th 0.4194
Kc 0.2000
Fc 0.4000
Tc 29.2
tc 9

trial U: Assume U from table 8U


Area 0
Number of tubes
from table 9
square pitch nearest count tubes
pitch
Shell ID
OD tube
C', clearance between tubes
De
triangular pitch nearest count tubes
pitch
Shell ID
OD tube
C', clearance between tubes
De

Corrected Ud Corrected surface of tubes, A


UD

Hot fluid : Tube side (styrene) and

Step 4 flow area per tube a't


Total flow area at

Step 5 Mass velocity Gt


velocity vt 1.30 m/s
Step 6 at tc, consider props. Nre
L/D
Step 7 evaluate jh from fig 24.
jh
for 25% cut segmental baffles

Step 8 k(cµ/k)1/3

Step 9 tube side h.t.coeff. hi/φt


calculate viscosity correction
φt factor

Step 10 hio

Pressure drop

step 11 Reynolds number Nre


friction factor f
specific gravity s
v2/2g
ΔPr, return loss 0.053 Kg/cm2
ΔPt, calculated 0.136 Kg/cm2
Total ΔPt 0.189 Kg/cm2
ΔPt allowable 0.350 Kg/cm2

Uc
step 12 Clean overall coefficient

step 13 Dirt Factor Rd given 0.00041 (hr)(m2)(0C)/Kcal


Rd calculated 0.00043 (hr)(m2)(0C)/Kcal
FPS units Formulae

109.4 F
68 F
46728 lb/hr
0.43 Btu/lb0F
0.41 Btu/lb0F
0.42 Btu/lb0F
28.37 API
25 API
26.66 API
55.14 lb/ft3
56.33 lb/ft3
55.74 lb/ft3

1.33 lb/(ft)(hr)
1.82 lb/(ft)(hr)
1.57 lb/(ft)(hr)
0.07 Btu/h-ft-F
0.08 Btu/h-ft-F
0.08 Btu/h-ft-F

0.07 in from table 10


0.62 in from table 10
0.75 in from table 10
0.3 in2 from table 10
0.2 ft2 from table 10

2.0
16 ft

813069.53 Btu/hr WcΔT

0
37.283 F
2.0
4.600 refer fig 18
0.139 refer fig 18
0.97 refer fig 18
0
35.9777 F

0
23.4 F
0
55.8 F
0.4194
0.2000
0.4000 refer fig 17
84.56 Hot F. outlet + Fc*diff. in temp
48.2 Cold F. inlet + Fc*diff. in temp

120 Btu/(hr)(ft2)(oF)
188.33 ft2 Q=UA Δt
59.96

52 refer table 9.
1 in refer table 9.
10 in refer table 9.
0.75 in refer table 9.
0.25 in
0.95 ft figure 28.
56
0.94 in
10 in
0.75 in
0.19
0.55 ft figure 28.

163.32 ft2 calculate from tria. Pitch


138.37 Q=UA Δt

0.3 in2 where a't, n are area of tube and number


0.0545 ft2 Area=Nt*a't/(144*n)

856957.72 lb/(hr)(ft2)
4.27 ft/sec
28147.58 Nre=DGt/µ
309.68
90 from fig 24
0.16Btu/(hr)(ft2)(0F/ft)

275.31 Btu/(hr)(ft2)(0F) ht=jh*(k/D)*(cµ/k)^(1/3)*φt


1 assumed

227.59 Btu/(hr)(ft2)(0F) hio/φt = (hi/φt)*(ID/OD)

28147.58
0 figure 26
0.89
0.09 psi figure 27
0.78 (4*n/s)*(v2/2g)
1.997 psi ΔPt = f*Gt2*L*n/(5.22*1010D*s*φt)
2.775 psi return loss + ΔPt
4.978 psi given in problem statement

194.92 Btu/(hr)(ft2)(oF) Uc=hio*ho/(hio+ho)

0.00199 (hr)(ft2)(0F)/Btu given in problem statement


0.00210 (hr)(ft2)(0F)/Btu Rd = (Uc-UD)/(Uc*UD)
SI units
Cold Fluid : Chilled water

t1, Inlet temperature 7 C


t2, outlet temperature 12 C
w, mass flow rate 41036 kg/hr
c, sp. Heat at inlet 1.01 Kcal/kg 0C
c, sp. Heat at outlet 1 Kcal/kg 0C
Average c 1.01
s, specific gravity, inlet 1
s, specific gravity, outlet 1
Average s 1
Density, inlet 999.6 kg/m3
Density, outlet 999.1 kg/m3
Average density 999.35 kg/m3

µ, viscosity inlet 1.42 cp


µ, viscosity outlet 1.26 cp
Average µ 1.34
k, Thermal cond. Inlet 0.5 Kcal/h-m-C
k, Thermal cond. Outlet 0.5 Kcal/h-m-C
Average k 0.5
Rd, dirt factor 0 h-m2-C/kcal

Shell side

ID
Baffle Space, B
Passes
Cold fluid: shell side (Chilled water)

Step 4 Flow area calculation as

Step 5 Mass vel, Gs


vs
Step 6 at Tc, consider props. De
Nre
Step 7 evaluate jh from fig 28. jh
for 25% cut segmental baffles
Step 8 k(cµ/k)1/3

Step 9 shell side h.t.coeff. ho/φs


calculate viscosity correction φs
factor

Step 10 ho

Pressure drop

step 11 Reynolds number Nre


friction factor f
specific gravity s
length of tube L
No. of crosses N+1
dia of shell Ds
ΔPs calculated 0.241 Kg/cm2
ΔPt allowable 0.350 Kg/cm2
FPS units Formulae

44.6
53.6
90279.2
1.01
1
1.01
10.06
10.13
10.09
62.27 lb/ft3
62.24 lb/ft3
62.26 lb/ft3

3.44
3.05
3.24
0.34
0.34
0.34

10 in
3.33 in
1
0.06 ft2 using triangula pitch

### lb/(hr)(ft3) Gs=W/as


6.96 ft/s
0.95 ft considering triangular pitch from fig. 28
### Nre=DGs/µ
150 from fig 28
0.72 Btu/(hr)(ft2)(0F/ft)

1357.97 ho=jh*(k/D)*(cµ/k)^(1/3)*φs
1 assumed

1357.97

###
0 figure 29
1
16 ft
57.60
0.833 ft
3.536 psi ΔPs = f*Gs2*Ds*(N+1)/(5.22*1010Ds*s*φs)
4.978 psi given in problem statement
SI units
DATA INPUT Hot Fluid: Hotwater

T1, Inlet temperature 80 C


T2, outlet temperature 74 C
W, mass flow rate 6854.25 kg/hr
c, sp. Heat at inlet 1 Kcal/kg 0C
c, sp. Heat at outlet 1 Kcal/kg 0C
Average c 1 Kcal/kg 0C
s, specific gravity, inlet 0.97
s, specific gravity, outlet 0.97
Average s 0.97
Density, inlet 970 kg/m3
Density, outlet 970 kg/m3
Average density 970 kg/m3

µ, viscosity inlet 0.60 cp


µ, viscosity outlet 0.60 cp
Average µ 0.60 cp
k, Thermal cond. Inlet 0.10 Kcal/h-m-C
k, Thermal cond. Outlet 0.10 Kcal/h-m-C
Average k 0.10 Kcal/h-m-C
Rd, dirt factor

Tube side

BWG thickness
ID, bwg
OD, bwg 16
flow area per tube
surface area per feat
triangular pitch
square pitch
Passes 4.00
length of tube

Step 1 Heat Heat load from cold fld. 41125.50 Kcal/hr

Step 2 LMTD 19.496 C


Assume 1-4 ExchangerNumber of tube passes
R 1.200
S 0.200
from graph Ft 0.97
true temp diff. 18.813 C

Step 3 Caloric temperature del t cold terminal 19


del t hot terminal 20
del tc/del th 0.9500
Kc 0.2000
Fc 0.4000
Caloric temperature, hot
Tc 76.4
Caloric temperature, cold
tc 57

trial U: Assume U from table 8U


Area 0
Number of tubes
from table 9
square pitch nearest count tubes
pitch
Shell ID
OD tube
C', clearance between tubes
De
triangular pitch nearest count tubes
pitch
Shell ID
OD tube
C', clearance between tubes
De

Corrected Ud Corrected surface of tubes, A


UD

Hot fluid : Tube side (Hot water) and

Step 4 flow area per tube a't


Total flow area at

Step 5 Mass velocity Gt


velocity vt 1.01 m/s
Step 6 at tc, consider props. Nre
L/D
Step 7 evaluate jh from fig 24.
jh
for 25% cut segmental baffles

Step 8 k(cµ/k)1/3

Step 9 tube side h.t.coeff. hi/φt


calculate viscosity correction
φt factor

Step 10 hio
hio
Pressure drop

step 11 Reynolds number Nre


friction factor f
specific gravity s
v2/2g
ΔPr, return loss 0.077 Kg/cm2
ΔPt, calculated 0.136 Kg/cm2
Total ΔPt 0.213 Kg/cm2
ΔPt allowable 0.250 Kg/cm2

Uc
step 12 Clean overall coefficient

step 13 Dirt Factor Rd given 0.00010 (hr)(m2)(0C)/Kcal


Rd calculated 0.00209 (hr)(m2)(0C)/Kcal
FPS units Formulae

176 F
165.2 F
15079.35 lb/hr
1.00 Btu/lb0F
1.00 Btu/lb0F
1.00 Btu/lb0F
14.38 API
14.38 API
14.38 API
60.43 lb/ft3
60.43 lb/ft3
60.43 lb/ft3

1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
0.07 Btu/h-ft-F
0.07 Btu/h-ft-F
0.07 Btu/h-ft-F

0.07 in from table 10


0.62 in from table 10
0.75 in from table 10
0.30 in2 from table 10
0.20 ft2 from table 10

4
12 ft

162969.84 Btu/hr WcΔT

0
35.09 F
4
1.20 refer fig 18
0.20 refer fig 18
0.965 refer fig 18
0
33.86 F

0
34.20 F
0
36.00 F
0.95
0.20
0.40
169.52 Hot F. outlet + Fc*diff. in temp
134.60 Cold F. inlet + Fc*diff. in temp

50 Btu/(hr)(ft2)(oF)
96.249 ft2 Q=UA Δt
40.860

40 refer table 9.
1 in refer table 9.
10 in refer table 9.
0.75 in refer table 9.
0.25
0.95 ft figure 28. also can be calculated
32
0.94 in
10 in
0.75 in
0.19
0.55 ft figure 28.

94.22 ft2 calculate from tria. Pitch


51.07

0.302 in2 where a't, n are area of tube and number


0.021 ft2 Area=Nt*a't/(144*n)

719015.36 lb/(hr)(ft2)
3.31 ft/sec
25584.80 Nre=DGt/µ
232.26
85 from fig 24
0.193Btu/(hr)(ft2)(0F/ft)

316.751 ht=jh*(k/D)*(cµ/k)^(1/3)*φt
1 assumed

261.85 hio/φi = (hi/φt)*(ID/OD)


450 from fig 25 w.r.t. Tc

25584.80
0 figure 26
0.97
0.07 psi figure 27
1.14 (4*n/s)*(v2/2g)
1.992 psi ΔPt = f*Gt2*L*n/(5.22*1010D*s*φt)
3.130 psi return loss + ΔPt
3.556 psi given in problem statement

106.60 Btu/(hr)(ft2)(oF) Uc=hio*ho/(hio+ho)

0.00049 (hr)(ft2)(0F)/Btu
0.01020 (hr)(ft2)(0F)/Btu Rd = (Uc-UD)/(Uc*UD)
SI units
Cold Fluid : Monochlorobenzene

t1, Inlet temperature 55 C


t2, outlet temperature 60 C
w, mass flow rate 24700 kg/hr
c, sp. Heat at inlet 0.33 Kcal/kg 0C
c, sp. Heat at outlet 0.33 Kcal/kg 0C
Average c 0.33 Kcal/kg 0C
s, specific gravity, inlet 1.08
s, specific gravity, outlet 1.08
Average s 1.08
Density, inlet 1080.00 kg/m3
Density, outlet 1080.00 kg/m3
Average density 1080.00 kg/m3

µ, viscosity inlet 0.55 cp


µ, viscosity outlet 0.55 cp
Average µ 0.55 cp
k, Thermal cond. Inlet 0.10 Kcal/h-m-C
k, Thermal cond. Outlet 0.10 Kcal/h-m-C
Average k 0.10 Kcal/h-m-C
Rd, dirt factor

Shell side

ID
Baffle Space, B
Passes
Cold fluid: shell side (Monochlorobenzene)

Step 4 Flow area calculation as

Step 5 Mass vel, Gs

Step 6 at Tc, consider props. De


Nre
Step 7 evaluate jh from fig 28. jh
for 25% cut segmental baffles
Step 8 k(cµ/k)1/3

Step 9 shell side h.t.coeff. ho/φs


calculate viscosity correction φs
factor

Step 10 ho

Pressure drop

step 11 Reynolds number Nre


friction factor f
specific gravity s
length of tube L
No. of crosses N+1
dia of shell Ds
ΔPs calculated 0.018 Kg/cm2
ΔPt allowable 0.100 Kg/cm2
FPS units Formulae

131 F
140 F
54340 lb/hr
0.33 Btu/lb0F
0.33 Btu/lb0F
0.33 Btu/lb0F
-0.48 API
-0.48 API
-0.48 API
67.28 lb/ft3
67.28 lb/ft3
67.28 lb/ft3

1.32 lb/(ft)(hr)
1.32 lb/(ft)(hr)
1.32 lb/(ft)(hr)
0.07 Btu/h-ft-F
0.07 Btu/h-ft-F
0.07 Btu/h-ft-F

10 in
5.00 in
1
0.09 ft2 using triangula pitch

### lb/(hr)(ft3) Gs=W/as

0.95 ft considering triangular pitch from fig. 28


### Nre=DGs/µ
110 from fig 28
0.129 Btu/(hr)(ft2)(0F/ft)

179.80 ho=jh*(k/D)*(cµ/k)^(1/3)*φs
1 assumed

179.80

###
0 figure 29
1.08
12 ft
28.80
0.833 ft
0.263 psi ΔPs = f*Gs2*Ds*(N+1)/(5.22*1010Ds*s*φs)
1.422 psi given in problem statement
SI
DATA INPUT Hot Fluid: Ethanol

T1, Inlet temperature 78


T2, outlet temperature 40
W, mass flow rate 25
c, sp. Heat at inlet 2.93
c, sp. Heat at outlet 2.93
Average c 2.93
s, specific gravity, inlet
s, specific gravity, outlet
Average s
Density, inlet 0
Density, outlet 0
Average density at 59 C 775

µ, viscosity inlet 0.60


µ, viscosity outlet 0.60
Average µ 0.60
k, Thermal cond. Inlet 0.15
k, Thermal cond. Outlet 0.15
Average k 0.15
Rd, dirt factor

Step 1 Heat Heat load from cold fld. 2783.50

Step 2 LMTD 19.254


Assume one thermal plate
Hot side Number of passes 1
Cold side Number of passes 1

for 1:1pass arrangement


from graph Ft 0.97
true temp diff. 18.580

Step 3

trial U: Assume U from U 2000


Area 72.285
Step 4 Dimension of plate width, w 0.5
length of plate L 1.5
hole dia port dia 120
hole area Ahole 0.01131
plate thickness tp 0
Area of plate Ap 0.75
No. of plates 96.38
Adjusted plates 97

Area provided Apro 72.75


No. of channels per pass 48
Assume gap between plates y 3
Equivalent dia De 0.01
Flow area Af 0

Hot fluid : Ethanol

Step 5 mass velocity Gpe 347.22


velocity ue 0.45
Reynolds num Nre 3472.22
Pr 11.959

Step 6 heat transfer coefficient c 0.26


a 0.65
b 0.4
(µ/µw) 1
hpe 3440.447

Fouling coefficient of ethanolhfe 10000.000


Fouling coefficient of water hfw 10000.000
thermal cond of plat mat. kp 21.000

Step 7 Overall heat transfer coeff U 1697.57

Area provided should greater than Area required


Area required from new U A req 85.16

TRIAL 2 providing 85.16 m2 area


Step 8 No of plates Np 113.55
Adjusted plates Np adjusted 113.00
Hot side Number of passes 2
Cold side Number of passes 1
Hot side No. of channels per pass 28
Cold side No. of channels per pass 56
Step 9 mass velocity Gpe 595.24
velocity through channel upe 0.77
Reynolds num Nre 5952.38
hpe 4883.93

Step 10 Overall heat transfer coeff U 1966.48


Area Required A req 73.52
Excess area provided 15.84

Pressure drop ΔP = channel pressure drop + port pressure drop = ΔPp + ΔPpo

Step 11 channel pressure drop, ΔPp


Jf 0.04
path length Lp 3
ΔPp 40443.97
Port pressure drop, Δppo
velocity thru hole uh 2.851
ΔPpo 8189.7

Total pressure drop ΔP 48633.66


units FPS units Formulae

C 172.4 F
C 104 F
kg/s 55 lb/hr
KJ/kg 0C 2.93 Btu/lb0F
KJ/kg 0C 2.93 Btu/lb0F
KJ/kg 0C 2.93 Btu/lb0F
#DIV/0! API
#DIV/0! API
#DIV/0! API
kg/m3 0.00 lb/ft3
kg/m3 0.00 lb/ft3
kg/m3 48.28 lb/ft3

cp 1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
cp 1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
cp 1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
W/m C 0.10 Btu/h-ft-F
W/m C 0.10 Btu/h-ft-F
W/m C 0.10 Btu/h-ft-F

kW 11030.30 Btu/hr WcΔT

0
C 34.66 F

1
1

0.965 refer fig 18


0
C 33.44 F

W/m2 C Btu/(hr)(ft2)(oF)
m2 ft2 Q=UA Δt
m
m
mm
m2
m
m2

m2

mm
m
m2

kg/m2 s mE/total gap area


m/s

hp*de/Kp = cRea Prb (µ/µw)

W/m2 C table 6.37


W/m2 C table 6.37
W/m C titanium

W/m2 C 1/U = 1/hpe+1/hfe + tp/kp + 1/hpw + 1/hfw

provide this area for next trial


kg/m2 s
m/s

W/m2 C
m2

ure drop = ΔPp + ΔPpo

m
N/m2 ΔPp = 8Jf*(Lp/de)ρu2/2

N/m2 ΔPpo = 1.3*(ρu2/2)*Np

N/m2
mass velocity
velocity
Reynolds num

Step 5 heat transfer coefficient

+ 1/hpw + 1/hfw

r next trial

No of plates
Adjusted plates
Hot side
Cold side

Cold side
mass velocity
velocity through channel
Reynolds num

Pressure drop

channel pressure drop, ΔPp

path length

Port pressure drop, Δppo


velocity thru hole

Total pressure drop


SI units FPS units Formulae
Cold Fluid : Cooling water

t1, Inlet temperature 32 C 89.6 F


t2, outlet temperature 40 C 104 F
w, mass flow rate 83.12 kg/s 182.86 lb/hr
c, sp. Heat at inlet 4.19 KJ/kg 0C 4.19 Btu/lb0F
c, sp. Heat at outlet 4.19 KJ/kg 0C 4.19 Btu/lb0F
Average c 4.19 KJ/kg 0C 4.19 Btu/lb0F
s, specific gravity, inlet 1.00 10.00 API
s, specific gravity, outlet 1.00 10.00 API
Average s 1.00 10.00 API
Density, inlet 1000.00 kg/m3 62.30 lb/ft3
Density, outlet 1000.00 kg/m3 62.30 lb/ft3
Average density 1000.00 kg/m3 62.30 lb/ft3

µ, viscosity inlet cp 0.00 lb/(ft)(hr)


µ, viscosity outlet cp 0.00 lb/(ft)(hr)
Average µ, 36 C 0.72 cp 1.74 lb/(ft)(hr)
k, Thermal cond. Inlet W/m C 0.00 Btu/h-ft-F
k, Thermal cond. Outlet W/m C 0.00 Btu/h-ft-F
Average k 0.62 W/m C 0.42 Btu/h-ft-F
Rd, dirt factor
Cold fluid: Cooling water

Gpw 1154.44 kg/m2 s


uw 1.15 m/s
Nre 9620.29
Pr 4.839

c 0.26
a 0.65
b 0.4
(µ/µw) 1
hpw ###

Np 113.55
Np adjusted 113.00
Number of passes 2
Number of passes 1

No. of channels per pass 56


Gpw 989.52
upw 0.99 m/s
Nre 8245.96
hpw ###

drop, ΔPp
Jf 0.04
Lp 1.5
ΔPp ###

uh 7.346
ΔPpo 35080.3

ΔP ###
SI
DATA INPUT Hot Fluid: Ethanol

T1, Inlet temperature 78


T2, outlet temperature 40
W, mass flow rate 25
c, sp. Heat at inlet 2.93
c, sp. Heat at outlet 2.93
Average c 2.93
s, specific gravity, inlet
s, specific gravity, outlet
Average s
Density, inlet 0
Density, outlet 0
Average density at 59 C 775

µ, viscosity inlet 0.60


µ, viscosity outlet 0.60
Average µ 0.60
k, Thermal cond. Inlet 0.15
k, Thermal cond. Outlet 0.15
Average k 0.15
Rd, dirt factor

Step 1 Heat Heat load from cold fld. 2783.50

Step 2
Assume one thermal plate
Hot side Number of passes 1
Cold side Number of passes 1

for 1:1 pass arrangement


from graph Ft 0.97
true temp diff. 18.580

Step 2 Calculation of bulk mean temperature


LMTD 19.254

Heat capacity ratio C* 0.211


Step 3 Heat transfer effectiveness
Є 0.826
Step 4 Assume infinite number of channels
NTU 1.974

Step 5 Dimension of plate width, w 0.5


length of plate L 1.5
hole dia port dia 120
hole area Ahole 0.01131
plate thickness tp 0
Area of plate Ap 0.75
Assume one plate No. of plates 1

Assume gap between plates y 3


Equivalent dia De 0.01
Flow area Af 0

Hot fluid : Ethanol


Step 5b mass velocity Gpe 16666.67
velocity ue 21.51
Reynolds num Nre 166666.67

Pr 11.959

Step 6 heat transfer coefficient c 0.26


a 0.65
b 0.4
(µ/µw) 1
hpe 42601.190

Fouling coefficient of ethanolhfe 10000.000


Fouling coefficient of water hfw 10000.000
thermal cond of plat mat. kp 21.000

Step 7 Overall heat transfer coeff U 3633.79

Step 8 Calculation of thermal plates


mcp hot 73250.00
mcp cold 347937.50
thermal plates N 2.76

Trial 2 Assume N+1 channel & calculate NTU from Є-NTU relation. Re do step 8 until matches with
No of channels N+1 3.76

TRIAL 2 providing 85.16 m2 area


Step 8 No of plates Np 0.00
Adjusted plates Np adjusted 113.00
Hot side Number of passes 2
Cold side Number of passes 1
Hot side No. of channels per pass 28
Cold side No. of channels per pass 56

Step 9 mass velocity Gpe #NAME?


velocity through channel upe #NAME?
Reynolds num Nre #NAME?
hpe #NAME?

Step 10 Overall heat transfer coeff U #NAME?


Area Required A req #NAME?
Excess area provided #NAME?

Pressure drop ΔP = channel pressure drop + port pressure drop = ΔPp + ΔPpo

Step 11 channel pressure drop, ΔPp


Jf #NAME?
path length Lp 3
ΔPp #NAME?
Port pressure drop, Δppo
velocity thru hole uh 2.851
ΔPpo 8189.7

Total pressure drop ΔP #NAME?


units FPS units Formulae

C 172.4 F
C 104 F
kg/s 55 lb/hr
KJ/kg 0C 2.93 Btu/lb0F
KJ/kg 0C 2.93 Btu/lb0F
KJ/kg 0C 2.93 Btu/lb0F
#DIV/0! API
#DIV/0! API
#DIV/0! API
kg/m3 0.00 lb/ft3
kg/m3 0.00 lb/ft3
kg/m3 48.28 lb/ft3

cp 1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
cp 1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
cp 1.45 lb/(ft)(hr)
W/m C 0.10 Btu/h-ft-F
W/m C 0.10 Btu/h-ft-F
W/m C 0.10 Btu/h-ft-F

kW 11030.30 Btu/hr WcΔT

1
1

0.965 refer fig 18


0
C 33.44 F

0
C 34.66 F

for Ch<Cc, Ch= Cmin


m
m
mm
m2
m
m2

mm
m
m2

kg/m2 s mE/total gap area


m/s

hp*de/Kp = cRea Prb (µ/µw)

W/m2 C table 6.37


W/m2 C table 6.37
W/m C titanium

W/m2 C 1/U = 1/hpe+1/hfe + tp/kp + 1/hpw + 1/hfw

J/s C
J/s C

do step 8 until matches with assumed value


kg/m2 s
m/s

W/m2 C
m2

ure drop = ΔPp + ΔPpo

m
N/m2 ΔPp = 8Jf*(Lp/de)ρu2/2

N/m2 ΔPpo = 1.3*(ρu2/2)*Np

N/m2
Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design, 0471321710
mass velocity
velocity
Reynolds num

Step 5 heat transfer coefficient

+ 1/hpw + 1/hfw
No of plates
Adjusted plates
Hot side
Cold side

Cold side

mass velocity
velocity through channel
Reynolds num
Pressure drop

channel pressure drop, ΔPp

path length

Port pressure drop, Δppo


velocity thru hole

Total pressure drop


SI units FPS units Formulae
Cold Fluid : Cooling water

t1, Inlet temperature 32 C 89.6 F


t2, outlet temperature 40 C 104 F
w, mass flow rate 83.12 kg/s 182.86 lb/hr
c, sp. Heat at inlet 4.19 KJ/kg 0C 4.19 Btu/lb0F
c, sp. Heat at outlet 4.19 KJ/kg 0C 4.19 Btu/lb0F
Average c 4.19 KJ/kg 0C 4.19 Btu/lb0F
s, specific gravity, inlet 1.00 10.00 API
s, specific gravity, outlet 1.00 10.00 API
Average s 1.00 10.00 API
Density, inlet 1000.00 kg/m3 62.30 lb/ft3
Density, outlet 1000.00 kg/m3 62.30 lb/ft3
Average density 1000.00 kg/m3 62.30 lb/ft3

µ, viscosity inlet cp 0.00 lb/(ft)(hr)


µ, viscosity outlet cp 0.00 lb/(ft)(hr)
Average µ, 36 C 0.72 cp 1.74 lb/(ft)(hr)
k, Thermal cond. Inlet W/m C 0.00 Btu/h-ft-F
k, Thermal cond. Outlet W/m C 0.00 Btu/h-ft-F
Average k 0.62 W/m C 0.42 Btu/h-ft-F
Rd, dirt factor
Cold fluid: Cooling water
Gpw ### kg/m2 s
uw 55.41 m/s
Nre ###

c 0.26
a 0.65
b 0.4
(µ/µw) 1
hpw ###
Pr 4.839

Np 0.00
Np adjusted 113.00
Number of passes 2
Number of passes 1

No. of channels per pass 56

Gpw #NAME?
upw #NAME? m/s
Nre #NAME?
hpw #NAME?
drop, ΔPp
Jf #NAME?
Lp 1.5
ΔPp #NAME?

uh 7.346
ΔPpo 35080.3

ΔP #NAME?