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ESE 2017

UPSCENGINEERINGSERVICESEXAMINATION

Preliminary Examination

Paper

General Studies and


Engineering Aptitude

9
Information and Communication
Technologies (ICT)
Comprehensive Theory with Practice Questions
As per new syllabus of ESE 2017

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ESE-2017 : Preliminary Examination


Paper-I : General Studies and Engineering Aptitude

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)


Copyright, by MADE EASY Publications.
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1st Edition : 2016

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Inspite of this, if any inaccuracy or printing error occurs then MADE EASY PUBLICATIONS owes no responsibility. MADE EASY
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All rights reserved by MADE EASY PUBLICATIONS. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form without the
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Preface
The compilation of this book Information and
Communication Technologies (ICT) was motivated by
the desire to provide a concise book which can benefit
students to understand the concepts of energy and
environment topics.
This textbook Information and Communication
Technologies (ICT) provides all the requirements of
the students, i.e. comprehensive coverage of theory,
fundamental concepts and objective type questions articulated in a lucid language. The concise
presentation will help the readers grasp the theory of this subject with clarity and apply them
with ease to solve objective questions quickly. This book not only covers the syllabus of ESE but
also addresses the need of many other competitive examinations. Topics like Introduction to ICT,
Components of ICT, ICT in Education Technology, ICT & e-Governance and ICT in Networking are
given full emphasis, keeping in mind of our research on their importance in competitive examinations.
We have put in our sincere efforts to present detailed theory and MCQs without compromising the
accuracy of answers. For the interest of the readers, some notes, do you know and interesting facts
are given in the comprehensive manner. At the end of each chapter, sets of practice question are
given with their keys, that will allow the readers to evaluate their understanding of the topics and
sharper their question solving skills.
Our team has made their best efforts to remove all possible errors of any kind. Nonetheless, we would
highly appreciate and acknowledge if you find and share with us any printing and conceptual errors.
It is impossible to thank all the individuals who helped us, but we would like to sincerely thank all
the authors, editors and reviewers for putting in their efforts to publish this book.
With Best Wishes
B. Singh
CMD, MADE EASY

General Studies and


Engineering Aptitude

Contents

Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)


Chapter 1

3.5 Cloud Computing............................................................41

Introduction to ICT 1

3.6 e-learning...........................................................................50

1.1 Introduction and Different Views on ICT.....................1

3.7 ICT in Teaching Learning...............................................53

1.2 Origin and Development of ICT......................................1

3.8 ICT in Publication.............................................................56

1.3 Aims and Objective of ICT by UNESCO........................2

3.9 ICT in India : Government Initiatives.........................56

1.4 ICT in a Broader Context....................................................2

Objective Brain Teasers................................................64

1.5 Objectives of ICT..................................................................4

1.6 Information Technology (IT)............................................4

1.7 ICT in Daily Life......................................................................6

ICT & e-Governance................................65

1.8 Classification of ICT Technologies..................................8

Chapter 4
4.1 Objectives of e-Governance, e-Government and
e-Democracy..................................................................65

Objective Brain Teasers....................................................9


4.2 Benefits of e-Governance.............................................66

Chapter 2

4.3 e-Governance Design.....................................................67

Components of ICT11

4.4 Various Types of Transactions in e-governance....68

4.5 ICT & e-Governance........................................................71

Technology......................................................................11

4.6 ICT Infrastructure for e-Governance Applications.... 71

2.2 Computer............................................................................11

4.7 Government of India Initiatives..................................72

2.3 Convergence of Technologies.....................................24

4.8 Issues for e-governance in India.................................82

2.4 Internet................................................................................24

Objective Brain Teasers................................................83

2.5 Electronic Mail (E-mail)..................................................28

2.6 Hypertext and www.......................................................29

2.7 Search Engines..................................................................29

ICT in Networking 84

2.8 Projector..............................................................................30

5.1 Network...............................................................................84

2.9 GPS Navigation System..................................................30

5.2 Transmission Media.........................................................84

2.10 Multimedia Systems........................................................32

5.3 Classification of Transmission Media........................84

2.11 Virtual Classroom ............................................................34

5.4 Computer Network.........................................................85

2.12 Digital Libraries.................................................................35

5.5 Goal of the Networking.................................................85

Objective Brain Teasers................................................37

5.6 Network Criteria...............................................................92

5.7 Type of Connections.......................................................92

Chapter 3

5.8 Applications of Computer Networks........................93

ICT in Education Technology.................38

5.9 Protocols and Standards...............................................94

3.1 Need of ICT in Education ..............................................38

5.10 Transmission Modes.......................................................95

3.2 Objectives of ICT in Education....................................38

5.11 World Wide Web (WWW)..............................................96

3.3 Importance of ICT in Education..................................38

5.12 ICT and Networking..................................................... 102

3.4 Smart Learning.................................................................39

Objective Brain Teasers............................................. 103

2.1 Components of Information and Communication

Chapter 5