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Atomic Energy Authority, Sri Lanka

National Centre for Non-Destructive Testing (NCNDT)


Page 01
60/460, Baseline Road, Orugodawatta, Wellampitiya Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 011-2533449, 2533427-8; Fax: (+94) 011 2533448
Email: officialmail@aea.gov.lk

Concrete Testing
Report

Report No.
Date of Test
Test Location

CT14/01
27/01/2014
Kitulgala-malwatta Road

Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity


Test
Client
Project
Job
Identificatio
n
Test Items

SGS Lanka (Pvt) Ltd.


Road contract package No: JICA/PRDP/SG2KG5
Kitulgala-malwatta Road
Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity test to determine the in-situ strength of concrete
structures

Line drains base, Wall , Culvert deck,& Encasement


Identificatio
n
Material
Concrete
Tested
Length (cm)
Width (cm)
Grade
25/15
N/A
N/A
items
90days
parameter
Concrete age
s
Equipments
Instruments & probes type
Model
1HAMME
Identificatio 1. PUNDIT
(Portable
Ultrasonic
Non
R
ns
destructive Digital Indicating
2.Profom
Tester) CNS Electronics
ter 5+
2. Rebar locator Profometer 5+
( S)
Proceq Testing Instruments

Thickness (cm)
N/A

Serial No
1. 145079
2.

57-8962

Sensitivity
Setting
Technique

As per CNS Farnell Reference Bar S/N 2173, Calibration 26 s for PUNDIT
.
As per inspection procedure in the page 2 according to the guide lines given
by the International Atomic Energy Agency (2002) as per Guide Book on NDT
of concrete structures

Standard /
Codes

Results

BS1881-Part 203-1986-Recommendations for measurement of velocity of


ultrasonic pulses in concrete .
BS 1881-Part 204:1988:Recommendations on the use of electromagnetic
covermeter
See page 5 10

Remarks

Certification

Name

Qualification

Signature

Stamp

Operator

Prabath Buddika
Technical
Assistant

T.M.R.Tennakoon
Director - NCNDT
Verified and
Approved by

NCT (Mechanical NVQ V


Engineering)

NDT Level 3 in UT, RT, MT PT


& ET (as per ISO 9712),
B.Sc (Hons) Physics. Sp.,
M.Sc. (Nuc.Sc.),
M.Phil (Mat. Engineering)

Atomic Energy Authority, Sri Lanka


National Centre for Non-Destructive Testing (NCNDT)
Page 02
60/460, Baseline Road, Orugodawatta, Wellampitiya Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 011-2533449, 2533427-8; Fax: (+94) 011 2533448
Email: officialmail@aea.gov.lk

INTRODUCTION
The Schmidt rebound hammer is principally a surface hardness tester. It works on
the principle that the rebound of an elastic mass dependson the hardness of the
surface against which the mass impings. There is little apparent theoretical
relationship between the strength of concrete and the rebound number of the
hammer. However, within limits, empirical correlations have been established
between strength properties and the rebound number.

3. Test Procedure
1. Examination of the concrete using the rebar locator
The scanning probe was traversed systematically across the concrete structure
and, where reinforcement was located, moved systematically until a position of
maximum disturbance of the electromagnetic field was indicated by the meter.
Then the rebar were mapped accordingly.
2. Determination of Rebound number and surface strength
The impacts from the rebound hammer were applied vertically upwards from
the locations as shown in the figure 01. Twelve readings were obtained per
location and the mean of each set of readings were calculated using all the
readings as there was no reason to doubt the validity of a particular reading.
The corresponding surface compressive strength values were taken from the
following graph.

Graph - 01

Atomic Energy
Authority, Sri Lanka
National Centre for NonDestructive Testing
(NCNDT)
Page 03

60/460, Baseline Road,


Orugodawatta,
Wellampitiya, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 011-2533449,
2533427-8; Fax: (+94) 011 2533448
Email:
officialmail@aea.g
ov.lk

250 cm

330cm

Test locations

220 cm
100 cm

170 cm
110 cm

L- 01 L- 02

L- 03

L- 04L- 06

L- 05

Along the suspected damaged area


Bunker Slab
DOOR

7m

RHS

LHS

Figure 01

Following locations were tested at the suspected area of the Bunker slab.
Location 01 L-01

Location 04 L-04

Location 02 L-02

Location 05 L-05

Location 03 L-03

Location 06 L-06 (Reference Point)

Tested
Area

Figure 02

Atomic Energy Authority, Sri Lanka


National Centre for Non-Destructive Testing (NCNDT)
Page 05
60/460, Baseline Road, Orugodawatta, Wellampitiya, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 011-2533449, 2533427-8; Fax: (+94) 011 2533448
Email: officialmail@aea.gov.lk

Test Area
90

10 cm
7

1
1

12

15
cm
Test technique Upward vertical
method

Figure 03

Interpretation of Results

The quality of the surface of the concrete structures can be assessed using the
guidelines given below in terms of rebound number.

Average Rebound
Number

Quality of Concrete

>40

Very good layer

30 to 40

Good layer

20 to 30

Fair

< 20

Poor concrete

Delaminated

Table -01

Atomic Energy Authority, Sri Lanka


National Centre for Non-Destructive Testing (NCNDT)
Page 06
60/460, Baseline Road, Orugodawatta, Wellampitiya, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 011-2533449, 2533427-8; Fax: (+94) 011 2533448
Email: officialmail@aea.gov.lk

Test Results
Hammer Test Results
Location
Number

ii

02

4
4
4
2
4
2
Average
4
Rebound
Number8
4
4
48 4
3
46

4
7
4
8
4
7
4
5
4
2
4
8

03

44

04

47

05

44

06

44

01
02
03
Location
Number

04
05

01

06

Hammer Readings
iii iv v vi vii vii ix x
i
5
5
5
4
4
5
4
4
2
2
0
3
4
0
8
9
5
4
5
4
4
4
5
4
2
7
0
2
6
4
2
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
5 Surface
2
2
4
2Quality
2
7
of 2
5Compressive
5
5
5
4Concrete
4
4
4
1
0 (N/mm
2
1 2) 2
8
2
8
Strength
4 10%
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
9
3
9
0
1 Very
3 good
0
4
55.4
4
4
4
4
4
4layer
5
4
3
2
4
2
8 Very
4 good
0
4
51.6
layer
Very good
47.9
layer
Very good
53.5
layer
Very good
47.9
layer
Very good
47.9
layer

xi

xii

5
2
4
3
4
7
4
2
4
3
4
0

43
42
43
50
46
40

SUMMERY OF
TEST RESULTS

Atomic Energy Authority, Sri Lanka


National Centre for Non-Destructive Testing (NCNDT)
Page 07
60/460, Baseline Road, Orugodawatta, Wellampitiya, Sri Lanka
Tel: (+94) 011-2533449, 2533427-8; Fax: (+94) 011 2533448
Email: officialmail@aea.gov.lk

Indirect velocity
= 4148 ms-1
REFERENCES
Direct velocity = 4355 ms-1
1. Ref: BS1881-Part 202-1986-Recommendations for measurement Rebound
Number in concrete.
2. BS 1881: Part 204: 1988 Recommendations on the use of electromagnetic
cover meter.
3. Guidebook on Non-destructive testing of concrete structures by International
Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna-2002.