Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 18

Mathematics Form 4

Chapter 6 : Statistics III

CHAPTER 6 : STATISTICS III


(a)

Mode of a ungrounded data


Mode = the value of data with the highest frequency
Example 1 :

Example 2 :

6, 7, 7, 11, 5, 6, 11, 13, 14, 11, 8

Score
Frequency

5, 6, 6, 7, 7, 8, 11, 11, 11, 13, 14

2
3

mode = 11

8
12

10
9

2
0

3
x

4
2

Example 4 :
0
1

1
3

2
7

3
x

4
5

Score
Frequency

If mode = 2, the maximum value of x = ???


x<7
(b)

6
7

mode = 4

Example 3 :
Score
Frequency

4
15

0
1

1
7

If mode = 3, the minimum value of x = ???

x =6

x =8

x>7

Median of a ungrounded data


Median = the middle value when a set of data is arranged in ascending order
Example 1 :

Example 2 :
5, 3, 3, 5, 7, 7, 1

24, 23, 12, 19, 16, 17

median = 5

median =

17 19
= 18
2

Example 3 :
Number of books
Number of pupils

1
3

2
0

3
1

4
5

5
6

median = 4
Example 4 :

8
8

Saiz of shoes

Number of students

14

12

median = 3, range of x = ???

14
14

1 11
11 1

x
x

3
3

8 + 14 = 11 + x + 3
22 = x + 14
8=x

8 + 14 + 11 = x + 3
33 = x + 3
30 = x

8 x 30

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
(c)

Mean of a ungrounded data


mean =

sum of all the values of data


the number of data

mean =

Example 1 :

sum of (value frequency )


total frequency

Example 2 :
68, 62, 84, 75, 78, 89

mean =

Mark
Frequency

68 62 84 75 78 79
6
= 76

mean =

74
5

78
10

82
2

86
3

74 (5) 78 (10) 82 ( 2) 86 (3)


5 10 2 3
= 78.6

(d)

Measure of Dispersion ~ range, first / lower quartile (Q1), third / upper quartile (Q3), interquartile range

range = ( largest smallest ) value of data


Q1 = the value that divides the values of data that are less than median into 2 equal parts
Q3 = the value that divides the values of data that are greater than median into 2 equal parts
Interquatile range = Q3 Q1
Example 1 :

Example 2 :
8, 12, 6, 10, 6, 7, 13, 3, 8, 10, 13, 19

5, 30, 45, 29, 25, 6, 21, 8, 28, 4

3, 6, 6, 7, 8, 8, 10, 10, 12, 13, 13, 19


4, 5, 6, 8, 21, 25, 28, 29, 30, 45

range = 19 3 = 16

67
= 6.5
2
12 13
Q3 =
= 12.5
2

range = 45 4 = 41

Q1 =

Q1 = 6
Q3 = 29

(e)

Interquartile range = 29 6 = 23

Interquartile range = 12.5 6.5 = 6

Solve problem involving ungorounded data

Example 1 :
Score
third quartile
= 11, x 1= ??? 3
Frequency

12

14

1,

3,

6,

6,

x,

x,

x,

12,

14

x 12
= 11
2
x + 12 = 22

x = 22 12
x = 10
Example 2 :
3, 3, 6, x, x, 3
Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III

mode = 3, median = 4. Two new pieces of data, 4 and 7 put into the set, mean = ???
3 x
=4
2

3, 3, 3, x, x, 6

mean
=

3+x=8
x=83

= 4.5

x=5
(f)

333556 47
8

Class interval, lower / upper limit, lower / upper boundary, size of class interval, midpoint
Example :
Class interval

11 15

16 20

21 25

26 30

31 35

36 40

41 45

lower limit = 16,

lower boundary = 15.5,

upper limit= 20

size of class interval = 5

=
lower boundary upper boundary
2
= 18

= midpoint2 midpoint1

(g)

lower lim it upper lim it


2

midpoint =

= upper. B lower. B

upper boundary = 20.5

Frequency table, Cumulative Frequency, Modal class, Mean, Range


Example :
Donation, x

11 15

16 20

21 25

26 30

31 35

36 40

41 45

Frequency, f

10

11

Cumulative F.

10

20

31

38

40

`
.

modal class = the class interval with the highest frequency = 31 35


mean =

fx
f

sum of (midpo int frequency )


sum of frequency

13 (1) 18 (3) 23 (6) 28 (10) 33 (11) 38 (7) 43 ( 2)


40

= 30

range = midpoint of (hightest lowest ) class = 43 13 = 30

(h)

Histogram, frequency polygons, ogive, first quartile, third quartile, interquartile range
Histogram

lower / upper boundary.

frequency

Example :

[ base on frequency table in (g) ]

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
**
the frequency polygon can be
constructed based on a histogram

Frequency Polygons

midpoint

frequency

Example :

[ base on frequency table in (g) ]

Example :

[ base on frequency table in (g) ]

**
the frequency polygon should add a
class with zero frequency before the
first class and after the last class

Ogive
upper boundary
cumulative frequency
**
add a class with zero frequency
before the first class

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III

EXERCISES of SPM PAPER 2 FORMAT : (STATISTICS III)


1

The data shows the ages, in years, of 30 workers in a carpenter factory.

(a)

21

38

25

39

31

23

29

40

47

28

48

29

34

45

26

20

36

33

31

20

38

34

24

26

28

31

43

27

32

25

State the range of the data.

(Ans : 28)

[1 mark]

Answer :
(a)

(b)

Based on the data above and by using a class interval of 5 years, complete the table in the answer
space.
[4 marks]
Answer :
(b)
Age (years)

Frequency

Mid-point

Upper Boundary

20 24
25 29

(c)

Based on the table in (b),


(i)

state the modal class,

(Ans : 25 29)

(ii)

calculate the estimated mean ages of the workers and given your answer correct to 3 decimal
places.
(Ans : 31.667)
[3 marks]

Answer :
(c)

(i)
Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
(ii)
(d)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.

By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 years on the x-axis and 2 cm to one worker on the y-axis, draw a
histogram for the data.
[4
marks]
Answer :
(d)
2

Refer graph on the next page.

The data shows the masses, in kg, of suitcases carried by a group of tourists. Each tourist has one suitcase.

27

10

22

28

21

14

29

25

29

18

22

13

20

21

24

27

27

25

16

19

16

24

26

27

29

19

33

25

23

24

26

31

(a)

Based on the data above, and by using the a class interval of 3 kg, complete the table in the answer
space.
[3 marks]

(b)

Based on the table in (a), calculate the estimated mean mass of the suitcases and give your answer
correct to 2 decimal places.
(Ans : 23.19)
[3 marks]

(c)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 3 kg on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to one suitcase on the vertical axis,
draw a histogram for the data.
[4 marks]

(d)

State one information that can be obtained from the histogram in (c).

Answer :
[2004, No.14]
(a)
Class Interval

Frequency

Mid-point

10 12
13 15

(b)
Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

[2 marks]

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III

(c)

Refer graph on the next page.

(d) ____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________

The data shows the masses, in kg, for a group of 32 students.


44

64

59

49

35

40

50

51

51

59

51

60

50

40

43

47

45

57

53

52

56

56

54

49

58

54

48

47

53

45

62

46

(a)

In the answer space, construct a frequency table for the above data by using 5 kg as the size of the
class interval. Begin with 30 34, 35 39, and so on.
[3
marks]

(b)

Based on the table in (a),


(i)

state the modal class,

(ii)

estimate the mean mass.

(Ans : 50 54)
(Ans : 50.906)
[4

marks]
(c)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg on the x-axis and 2 cm to one student on the y-axis, draw a histogram
for the data.
[4
marks]

(d)

On the histogram, draw a frequency polygon for the data.


[1 mark]

Answer :
(a)
Class Interval

Frequency

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
.

(b)

(i)
(ii)

(c)

Refer graph on the next page.

(d)

Refer graph on the next page.

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
4

The table shows the sizes, in cm, of 66 crabs caught by a fisherman.


Size (cm)

Number of
Crabs

22 24

25 27

27

28 30

11

31 33

15

34 36

(a)

Complete the above table in the answer space.

(b)

Based on the table in (a),

(c)

Mid-point

[2 marks]

(i)

state the mid-point of the modal class,

(Ans : 26)

(ii)

calculate the estimated mean size of the crabs.

(Ans : 28)

[4 marks]

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 3 cm on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 crabs on the y-axis, draw a histogram for
the data.
[4 marks]

(d)

On the histogram, draw a frequency polygon for the data.

[2 marks]

Answer :
(a)

(b)

Size (cm)

Number of
Crabs

22 24

25 27

27

28 30

11

31 33

15

34 36

Mid-point

(i)
(ii)

(c)

Refer graph on the next page.

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
(d)
5

Refer graph on the next page.

The data shows the distribution of heights, in cm, of 40 students in a class.


178

176

159

171

160

166

164

171

174

154

174

154

177

179

158

168

167

174

169

164

172

162

175

153

167

167

155

168

173

169

173

151

176

156

178

152

163

160

172

154

(a)

Using data above, complete the table in the answer space based on the class interval of the same size.
[4
marks]

Answer :
(a)
Height (cm)

Frequency, f

Mid-point, x

145 149

(b)

Based on the table in (a),


(i)

state the modal class,

(Ans : 170 174)

(ii)

calculate the mean height of the students in the class and give your answer correct to two decimal
palces.
(Ans : 165.88)
[4 marks]

Answer :
(b)

(i)
(ii)

(c)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 cm on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to one student on the vertical axis,
draw a frequency polygon for the data.
[4 marks]

Answer :
Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
(c)
6

Refer graph on the next page.

The table shows the consulation time, in minutes, spend by 25 students with the counselor.
Time (minutes)

25 30

31 36

37 42

43 48

49 54

Frequency

(a) Calculate the value of x.

(Ans : 8)

[2 marks]

Answer :
(a)

(b)

Complete the table in the answer space.

[2 marks]

Answer :
(b)

(c)

Time (minutes)

Frequency, f

25 30

31 36

37 42

43 48

49 54

Mid-point, x

Based on the table in (a),


(i)

state the upper boundary of the modal class,

(ii)

calculate the mean time.

(Ans : 42.5)

(Ans : 37.1)

[4 marks]

Answer :
(c)

(i)
(ii)

(d)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 6 minutes on the x-axis and 2 cm to one student on the y-axis, draw a
frequency polygon for the data.
[4 marks]

Answer :
Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
(d)

(a)

Refer graph on the next page.


The table shows the scores obtained by a group of 30 students in a Mathematics quiz.
Score

Frequency Score

40

15

36

Calculate :
(i)

the value of x,

(Ans : 15)

(ii)

the the mode of the score,

(Ans : 4)

(iii) the mean of the scores, give your answer correct to 4 significant figures.
(Ans : 3.867)

[5 marks]

Answer :
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(b)

The data shows the distribution of masses, in kg, for a group of 50 students.
46

40

53

47

56

52

57

51

52

54

50

54

43

55

49

58

53

47

58

51

52

46

57

54

58

44

68

56

57

59

45

50

52

48

53

62

51

59

54

44

53

59

60

42

66

52

59

64

72

63

(i)

In the answer space, construct a frequency table for the above data using class intervals 35 39,
40 44, and so on.
[3 marks]

(ii)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg on the x-axis and 2 cm to 2 students on the y-axis, draw a
frequency polygon for the data.
[4 marks]

Answer :
(i)
Class Interval

Frequency

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III

(ii)
8

Refer graph on the next page.

The data shows the donations, in RM, of 40 families to their children school welfare fund.

(a)

40

24

17

30

22

26

35

19

20

32

23

28

33

33

39

34

39

28

29

26

27

35

45

21

38

22

27

35

32

22

30

34

31

37

40

32

14

28

38

44

Using the above data, and a class interval of RM 5, complete the table in the answer space.
[4

marks]
Answer :
Donation (RM)

Frequency

Cumulative
Frequency

11 15
16 20

(b)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.

By using a scale of 2 cm to RM 5 on the x-axis and 2 cm to 5 families on the y-axis, draw an ogive
based on the data.
[4 marks]
Answer :
(b)

Refer graph on the next page.

(c)

From your ogive in (b),


(i)

find the third quartile,

(Ans : 35)

(ii)

hence, explain brierfly the meaning of the third quartile.

(iii) find the value of x, if 25% of the students families contributed less than RM x.
(iv) find the value of y, if

(Ans : 25.5)

1
of the students families contributed at least RM y. (Ans : 38.5)
10
[4 marks]

Answer :
(i)

third quartile = __________________________________________________________

(ii)

________________________________________________________________________

(iii)

x = ____________________________________________________________________
Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
(iv)

y = ____________________________________________________________________
[2003, No.14]

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
9

The table show the distribution of marks obtained by a group of 80 students in a Mathematics test.

(a)

Marks

Frequency

Cumulative Frequency

51 - 55

56 - 60

13

61 - 65

17

30

66 - 70

50

71 - 75

15

65

76 - 80

81 - 85

78

86 - 90

80

Based on the table, find


(i)

the value of x,

(Ans : 20)

(ii)

the value of y,

(Ans : 73)

(iii) the mid-point of the modal class.

(Ans : 68)

[4 marks]

(b)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 marks on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 10 students on the vertical
axis, draw an ogive for the data.
[4 marks]

(c)

From the ogive, find


(i)

the lower quartile,

(ii) the median,

(Ans : 62.5)

(Ans : 67.5)

(iii) the passing mark, if only 3 students failed in the test.

(Ans : 54.5)

(iv) the minimum mark to score an A, if only 5 students scored A in the test.
Answer :
(a)
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

(b)

Refer graph on the next page.

(c)

(i)
(ii)
(iii)

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

(Ans : 82)
[4 marks]

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
10

(iv)
The table shows the distribution of heights, in m, of 92 trees in a Recreation Park.
Height (m)
Frequency
1.0 - 1.4

1.5 - 1.9

2.0 - 2.4

26

2.5 - 2.9

24

3.0 - 3.4

19

3.3 - 3.9

4.0 - 4.4

4.5 - 4.9

(a)
Calculate the range for the grouped data above.
Answer :

(Ans : 3.5)

[2 marks]

(a)

(b) Based on the table above, complete the cumulative frequency table in the answer space.[3 marks]
Answer :
Class Interval
Upper Boundary
Cumulative
Frequency
1.0 - 1.4
1.5 - 1.9
2.0 - 2.4
2.5 - 2.9
3.0 - 3.4
3.5 - 3.9
4.0 - 4.4
4.5 - 4.9
(c)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 0.5 m on the x-axis and 2 cm to 10 trees on the y-axis, draw an ogive for
the data.
[4 marks]

Answer :
(c)

Refer graph on the next page.

(d)

From the ogive, find


(i) the median,
(Ans : 2.65)
(ii) the interquartile range,
(Ans : 1)
(iii) find the percentage of trees which are at least 4.1 m in height and give your answer correct to 2
decimal places.
(Ans : 3.26)
[3 marks]
Answer :
(i)
(ii)
Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
(iii)
11

The table shows the distribution of heights, in cm, of 92 students in a school.


Height
120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 (a)

(i)
(ii)

(cm)
124
129
134
139
144
149
154
159

Mid-point

Frequency
4
10
26
24
17
7
3
1

Based on the table above, complete the table (a) in the answer space.
Hence, calculate the mean height of the students.
(Ans : 136.239)

[3 marks]

(b)
Upper Boundrary

119.5

159.5

Cumulative
Frequency
(i)

Based on the table in (a), complete the table in (b) in the answer space.

(ii)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 cm on the x-axis and 2 cm to 10 students on the y-axis, draw an ogive
for the data.

(iii) From the ogive, find the interquartile range for the data.

(Ans : 9)

(iv) The students whose height is above 152 cm are chosen as basketball player. Find the number of
students who are chosen.
(Ans : 2)
[9 marks]
Answer :
(a)
(i)
Height
120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 -

(cm)
124
129
134
139
144
149
154
159

Mid-point

Frequency
4
10
26
24
17
7
3
1

(ii)
(b)

(i)
Upper Boundary

119.5

Cumulative
Ferquency
(ii)

Refer graph on the next page.

(iii)

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013

159.5

Mathematics Form 4
Chapter 6 : Statistics III
(iv)
12

The frequency table shows the speeds, in km/h, of 92 motorbikes that passed a certain point along a highway.

(a)
Based on the frequency polygon, complete the table in the answer space.
Answer :

[4 marks]

(a)
Speed (km/h)

Mid-point

Upper Boundary

Frequency

Cumulative Frequency
0

92
(b)

Based on the table in (a),


(i)
state the modal class,
(Ans : 91 95)
(ii)
calculate the estimated mean and give your answer correct to 3 decimal places.
(Ans : 92.239)
Answer :
(b)

[3 marks]

(i)
(ii)

(c)

For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided on the next page.
(i)
(ii)

Answer :
(c)
(i)

By using a scale of 2 cm to 5 km/h on the x-axis and 2 cm to 10 motorbikes on the y-axis, draw an
ogive based on the frequency table in (a).
From the ogive, state the first quartile.
(Ans : 88)
[5 marks]
Refer graph on the next page.

(ii)

Hak cipta terpelihara Cikgu Fayruzz Naseer SMKE2 2013