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Introduction

Water Crisis is the lack of sufficient availability of potable, unpolluted water resources
to meet water needs within a region. It may be caused by climate change, such as
altered weather-patterns (including droughts or floods), increased pollution, and
increased human demand and overuse of water.
Urban settlement in Delhi was rapidly increasing and more urbanization meant
increased water needs. This has put tremendous pressure on the existing civic
services including supply of drinking water.
Central Public Health Organization states that a person needs 172 litters of water per
day. Taking this as a standard for planning, Delhi needs approximately 1000 million
gallons of water per day whereas the supply from all the available sources is about
900 million gallons per day as indicated by Delhi Jal Board (DJB) data. The gap
between demand and supply is partly being met by extraction of ground water
through wells, tube wells, deep bore hand pumps etc.