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Table of Contents

__________________________________________________Page

1.

INTRODUCTION ------------------------------------------------3

2.

FINITE ELEMENT MODELLING-------------------------------------4

3.

LOADS --------------------------------------------------------5

4.

CONSTRAINS---------------------------------------------------6

5.

MODEL CHECK AND VALIDATION----------------------------------7

6.

LINEAR-STATIC ANALYSIS---------------------------------------7

7.

RESULTS-------------------------------------------------------8

8.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION----------------------------------13

9.

ATTACHMENT--------------------------------------------------14

1. INTRODUCTION
In this exercise, a Trolley Beam and the existing supported decks are
analyzed using Finite Element Method is ansys for pre/post-processing of
model and result. The structures geometry as per Drawing No. GOM-022-S004-R4, Big Bag 3T Trolley Beam at SACK ROOM.
The geometry model of 3T Trolley Beam and the existing Support structures
are modeled into ansys using the dimension given. Structures such as I-Beam
as beam elements, and later being assigned to the properties accordingly.
The 3T Trolley Beam and Support geometry models are shown in Figure 1
below.

Figure 1: The 3T Trolley Beam Area Geometry Model


The objective of this exercise is to obtain the stress and deformation
occurring on each beam and existing structure when it is in operation

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condition. This model is analyzed under the linear static solution in ansys is
used to pre/post-process the result upon computation.
Properties for Trolley Beam
I Beam 1
H Beam 2

= 900 x300 x 16 x 28 mm
= H250 x 175 x 7 x 11mm

The following input and output units will be used throughout this exercise:

2.

Length

mm

Stress

MPa

Force

Displacement

mm

Mass

kg

Reaction

FINITE ELEMENT MODELLING


The FE modeling was constructed for the model presented in the previous
section. FE mesh was carried out using the QUAD82 plate element in
ANSYS. These QUAD82 elements contain the entries for thickness and
reads-off its material properties from the input data, and also is an eight
nodes quadrilateral element which is better suited to model curved
boundaries. The FE meshed models are shown below.

Figure 2: FE Meshing on modeled geometry.

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Material property used for the entire model is Mild Steel with the following
properties: Table 1: Material property for Mild Steel
Elastic Modulus

210,000 MPa

Poissons Ratio

0.3

Density

7850 kg/m3

Min. yield strength ( FY )

235 Mpa

Factor of safety*

1.11

Allowable VM stress

235 / 1.11 = 211.7 Mpa

Allowable Bending Stress

235 x 0.75 = 176.25 Mpa

Allowable Shear Stress

235 x 0.45 = 105.75 Mpa

*Factor of safety for combined loading as per ABS (MODU) requirement.


3.

LOADS
Load divided into 2 item below; 1. Safe working load Trolley Beam = 3 Ton,
2. Total weight hoist/trolley weight hoist/trolley beam = 0.075 Ton.
So the Total Trolley Beam loading is 3T + 0.075 = 3.075 x 9810
= 30165.75 N. These loads were applied to the surfaces of the H-Beam
multiply by safety factor 2. Therefore, the total load is 60331.5 N,
Which is transferred to the H Beam Supports.

Figure 3: Force Load.


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4.

CONSTRAINTS
Fixed at deck edges of the existing plates and pipe supports.

Figure 5: Constraint on analyzed model

Note:
1) The coordinate system shown above corresponds to the geometry model
in Ansys.
2) Coordinate System:
+ve x-axis towards forward of the rig
+ve y-axis towards portside of the rig
+ve z-axis towards top of the rig

The forces loading are assigned to the node to stimulate the actual force
distribution. The perimeter of the deck, bulkheads, and frames are modeled
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as constraints of type FIXED in ANSYS, i.e., restraining degrees-offreedom in the translational and rotational directions of x, y and z. Figure 5
shows the constraint applied on the analyzed model.
5.

MODEL CHECK AND VALIDATION

The standard model check and validation were carried out for this analysis.
The first check is to merge all coincident nodes and points to avoid any
unnecessary degrees-of-freedom in the model which will produce unsymmetry in the overall stiffness matrix assembly, hence resulting in a rigidbody-motion.
Total applied force summation is also carried out to ensure the correct
amount of loading is applied.

6.

LINEAR-STATIC ANALYSIS

The FE analysis carried out using linear-static in ansys workbench. The


following summary of model info was produced during the execution of the
solution:

Model" obtains geometry from the Design Modeller assembly

The bounding box for all positioned bodies in the model measures 500.0 by
4,800.0 by 1,021.52 mm along the global x, y and z axes, respectively.
The model has a total mass of 426.95 kg.
The model has a total volume of 5.44107 mm.

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7.

RESULTS

A summary of results obtained from the linear-static analysis is shown


below:

Table 2. Summary results for the load cases

Deflection
Load
Case
(mm)
1
0.94
Allowable VM stress*

Output
Von Misses
Bending
Stress
Stress
(MPa)
26.556
211.7

(MPa)
22.14
176.25

Shear
Stress
(MPa)
15.22
105.75

Remarks

OK
OK

* Allowable stress of 211.7 Mpa is taken from 1.11 safety factor for
combined loading condition as defined by ABS (MODU).

From the table above, it shows that the maximum stress and deformation
occurred due to the Load Case 1 where the deformation and Von-Misses
stress are 0.94 mm and 26.556 Mpa respectively.

The stress/deformation mesh plots and contours for Load case 1 were
performed below.

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7.1

Deformation Plot

Figure 6: Deformed Mesh Plot and Contour

Max. Deformation: 0.94 mm

Figure 7: Deformed Mesh Plot and Contour (close-up view).


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7.2

Maximum Von-Misses Stress

Figure 9: Max. Von-Misses Stress Mesh Plot and Contour

Max. Von-Misses
Stress : 26. 55MPa

Figure 10: Max. Von-Misses Stress Mesh Plot and Contour (closed-up view)

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7.3

Bending Stress

Figure 11: Bending Stress Mesh Plot and Contour

Max. Bending Stress :


22.14 MPa

Figure 12: Bending Stress Mesh Plot and Contour (closed-up view)
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7.4

Shear Stress

Figure 13: Shear Stress Mesh Plot and Contour

Max. Shear Stress :


15.22 MPa

Figure 14: Shear Stress Mesh Plot and Contour (closed-up view)
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8.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

Based on the analysis performed in this report, the structures have a


maximum Von-misses Stress of 26.55 Mpa. The stress indicated from the
analysis is well below the range of the allowable stress in combined condition
which is 211.7 Mpa. The maximum deformation obtained is 0.94 mm,
occurrence at the profiles stiffeners of 3T Trolley Beam.
Judging from the above results, it can be concluded that the 3T Trolley
Beam supports has sufficient strength to support the equipment weight with
the intended loading.

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9.

ATTACHMENT
8.1 GOM-022-S-004-R4, Big Bag 3 T Trolley Beam at Sack Room.

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