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PROJECT

NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR


LT SWITCHGEAR & PANEL

CONCEPT ENGINEERING
PROJECTS PVT. LTD.
DOCUMENT NO. : CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

REV.

DESCRIPTION

CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

TOTAL SHEETS : 24

REV. 0

Page 1 of 38

PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

CONTENTS

1.0

2.0

SCOPE.3

CODE AND STANDARD...3



3.0
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS..4

4.0
OPERATING CONDITIONS....6

5.0
PERFORMANCE....6

6.0
CONSTRUCTION DETAILS..8

7.0
MISCELLANEOUS ACCESSORIES..12

8.0
NOISE LEVEL.13

9.0
MOTOR VIBRATION................14

10.0 INSPECTION AND TESTING....20

11.0 CERTIFICATION..23

12.0 PACKING AND DESPATCH24

2.0 CODE AND STANDARD


2.1

The equipment shall comply with the requirement of latest editions of following
standards issued BIS (Bureau of Indian Standards) unless otherwise specified:

CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

IS: 5

Colors for ready mixed paints enamels.

IS: 772

AC Electricity Meters.

IS: 1248
IS: 2705

Directing acting electrical indicating instruments.


IS: 2824

Current transformers.
Method for determining the comparative tracking index
of solid insulating materials under moist conditions.

IS: 3156

Voltage transformers.

IS: 3231

Electrical relays for power systems protections.

IS: 3618

Phosphate treatment of iron and steel for protection


against corrosion.

IS: 5082

Material data for aluminium bus bars.

IS: 5578

Guide for marking of insulated conductor.

IS: 6005

Code of practice of phosphate of iron and steel.

IS: 8623

Factory Built assemblies of switchgear and control gear


for voltage up to and including 1000V AC and 1200V DC
PartII particular requirements for bulbar trucking
system (bus ways).

IS: 11353

Guide for information system marking and identification


of conductors and apparatus terminals.

IS: 13706

Low voltage fuses.

IS: 13947

LV switchgear and control gear

IS: 3043

Code of practice for earthing.

2.2

In case of imported equipment, standards of the country of origin shall be


applicable if these standards are equivalent or stringent than the applicable
Indian Standards.

2.3

The equipment shall also confirm to the provision of Indian Electricity rules and
other statutory regulations currently in force in the country.

2.4

In case Indian Standards are not available, Standard issued by


IEC/BS/VDE/IEEE/NEMA or equivalent agency shall be applicable.

2.5

In case of any contradiction between various referred standards / Specification /


data sheets and statutory regulations, the following order of priority shall
govern:

Statutory regulations
Data sheets
Job specifications
This specification

Codes and standards

CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

Page 3 of 38

PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

3.0 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS


3.1

The offered equipment shall be brand new with state of the art technology and
proven field track record. No prototype equipment shall be offered.


3.2

Vendor shall ensure availability of spare parts and maintenance support services
for the offered equipment at least for 5 years from the date of supply.


3.3

Vendor shall give a notice of at least one year to the end user of equipment and
EPC contractor before phasing out the product/spares to ensure the end user for
placement of order for spares and services.

4.0 SITE CONDITIONS.


4.1

The switchboard shall be suitable for installation and satisfactory operation in a


pressured substation or in substation with restricted natural air ventilation in a
tropical, humid and corrosive atmosphere


4.2

The switchboard shall be designed to operate under specified site conditions. If


not specifically mentioned a design ambient temperature of 40C and altitude
not exceeding 1000 meters above mean sea level shall be considered.

4.3

All the equipment described in this specification is intended for continuous duty
at the specified ratings under the specified ambient conditions.

5.0

PROJECT INFORMATION


Owner


Project

M/s. NMDC Limited, Hyderabad

Donimalai Iron Ore Mine, Lump Ore Stacker


Machine

Site Location
: Donimalai, Near Sander, Bangalore 360 Km. ,
Hyderabad 460 Km.( Bellary district)

Elevation
:





Nearest Railway


Nearest Harbour

Toranagallu, 22 kMS from Donamalai

Nearest road (National/State Highway) :


6.0

CLIMATE CONDITIONS
The climate of area is mild and pleasant during summer months and moderately
cold during winter.

CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

Max. Ambient
Temperature
Min. Ambient
temperature
Rain fall
Relative humidity
Height above Mean sea
level

7.0

7.1

450C

150C to 80C

:
:

600mm to 800mm per annum during monsoon


100% not occurring Simultaneously with
maximum temperature
More than 1000M above MSL

DESIGN AND FABRICATION REQUIREMENTS


Panel Design Requirement

7.1.1 Low voltage switchboard shall be metal enclosed non draw out, free standing,
floor mounting, compartmentalized, Modular type suitable for indoor
installation.

7.1.2 The switchboard enclosure shall be dust and vermin proof and shall provide a
degree of protection not less than IP42

7.1.3 The switchboard enclosure shall be assembled out of vertical panels of uniform
height in single line up.

7.1.4 It shall be possible to extend the switchboards, in either direction at a later date.
End of bus bars shall be suitably drilled for this purpose. Panel at extreme ends
shall have openings, which shall be covered with plates screwed to the panel,
Details drilled holes in busbar and openings in the panels, provided for future
extension shall be clearly shown in the vendor drawings.

7.1.5 The switchboard shall be designed to ensure maximum safety during operation,
inspection, connection of cables, relocation of outgoing circuits and
maintenance, with the bus bar system energized and without taking any special
precautions.

7.1.6 Adequate means shall be provided to prevent shorting of power and / or control
terminals due to accidental dropping of maintenance tools etc. inside the
switchboard. Checking and removal of components shall be possible without
disturbing adjacent equipment.

7.1.7 All identical equipment and corresponding parts shall be fully interchangeable.

7.1.8 The frame, of individual vertical panels shall be fabricated using pressed and
cold rolled sheet steel. The sheet steel used for panel shall be of minimum 2mm
(14swg) CRCA except that the doors and covers may be made of 1.6mm CRCA.
Wherever required, stiffeners shall be provided to increase stiffness of large size
doors and covers.

7.1.9 The switchboard shall be provided with integral base frame for each vertical
CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

panel. The switchboard integral base frame shall be suitable for tack welding.

7.1.10 All opening, covers and doors shall be provided with neoprene Gaskets.
Removable blanking plates shall be provided to cover the openings in the event
of withdrawing the feeder modules. Numbers of blanking plates shall be 10% of
each module size with minimum of one number.

7.1.11 All hardware shall be corrosion resistant. All joints and connections of the panel
members shall be made by zinc passivity cadmium plated high quality steel bolt,
nut and washers.

7.1.12 Suitable removable type eyebolts shall be provided for the lifting of the
panel/shipping section. These bolts, when removed shall not leave any opening
in the panels.

7.1.13 Nonmagnetic cable gland plates shall be provided for termination of single core
cables.

7.1.14 The switchboard shall be formed using distinct vertical panels each comprising
of following compartments.

A completely metal enclosed horizontal busbar compartment running
horizontally at top unless otherwise specified.
Individual feeder modules in multitier mode In415V Panels, the no. of tiers per
vertical section shall be restricted, as per SLD Drg.
Vertical bus bars serving all feeder modules in the vertical panel.
Cable termination compartment.
Perforated sheet steel/Insulating material enclosed horizontal auxiliary bus bars
for control, interlock, indication and metering wiring running horizontally.
Metal sheets shall be provided between two adjacent vertical panels running up
to full useful height of the switchboard.

7.1.15 Metal sheets shall be provided between two adjacent vertical panels running to
the full width of the wider panel and up to full useful height of the switchgear.

7.1.16 The depth of the MCC panel shall be uniform throughout section and shall not be
less than 1400 mm

7.1.17 A separate vertical bus bar chamber shall be provided at the front of the panel
for the bottom ACB feeders.

7.1.18 Adequate space shall be planned for the outgoing cable termination. Necessary
shrouding shall be provided for the outgoing cable termination. Accessing a
single ACB feeder shall be easier and it shall not disturb the functioning of the
other feeder.

7.1.19 A separate vertical bus bar chamber shall be provided at the front of the panel
for the bottom ACB feeders.

CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

7.1.20 Adequate space shall be planned for the outgoing cable termination. Necessary
shrouding shall be provided for the outgoing cable termination. Accessing a
single ACB feeder shall be easier and it shall not disturb the functioning of the
other feeder.

7.1.21 The front of the board shall comprise of individually enclosed Air break Circuit
Breakers, Starters, MCCB & MPCB modules.

7.1.22 All auxiliary devices for control, indication, measurement and protection such as
control and selector switches, indicating lamps, ammeters, voltmeters, energy
meters and protective relays shall be mounted on the front side of the respective
compartment only.

7.1.23 The design shall be such that unless required for maintenance / inspection
purpose, all power on / off or start / stop and relay reset operations shall be
performed without opening the panel door.

7.1.24 Busbar rating of all the panels shall be not less than the incomer rating.

7.1.25 Mechanical Castel key and Electrical interlock between incomers shall be
provided, wherever MCCs / Distribution Boards are provided with more than
one incomer.

7.2

Construction

7. 2.1 The complete board shall be of coordinated design so that shipping groups of the
board are easily assembled together at site into a continuous line up. Necessary
standard connecting material shall be supplied.

7.2.2 Name plates of elegant and durable design and quality shall be fixed to the
individual compartments, feeder modules etc.

7.2.3 The boards covered by this enquiry shall be designed, manufactured and tested
in accordance with the latest revisions of the related applicable standards listed
elsewhere in this document.

7.2.4 The frame work of the boards, except incomer panels and main busbar section,
shall be constructed of preformed steel channels, angles and side sheets bolted
together and suitably reinforced to form a rigid, self supporting, compact
assembly to function properly under both normal and short circuit conditions.
All busbars and components of the switchboard shall be adequately supported
suitable for transportation, handling at site in assemble condition.

7.2.5 The bus compartments shall comprise of one main horizontal TPN in the bus
unit with vertical risers for connection to the individual modules.

7.2.6 The board shall be of totally metalenclosed ventilated multiple unit
construction. End unit shall include provisions for future main bus extensions
and installation of additional units on either side with the framework suitably
drilled to receive the additional modules and the busbars fitted with fishplates
CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

and associated hardware enabling future extension without involving major


fabrication work on the panel in service.

7.2.7 Metallic barriers shall be provided between vertical sections and also between
adjacent modules to ensure prevention of accidental contact with live parts
during routine inspection / maintenance of functional units or cable
terminations of one or more functional units when working on those of adjacent
units. These barriers shall have insulating inserts as necessary for taking the
interconnections etc.

7.2.8 Doors and covers shall be of sheet steel of thickness not less than 1.6 mm cold
rolled and the edges shall be reinforced against distortion by rolling / bending /
or by addition of welded reinforcement members. The doors shall have
concealed type of hinges, and shall be of removable type for the rear doors.
Wherever the door length is more than 600mm, necessary stiffeners shall be
provided and shall be split into two halves. All module doors shall be provided
with a minimum of two locks with the travel angle of 90 degrees. All the locks
shall be operated with a single key.

7.2.9 Cut outs shall be true in shape and free from sharp edges.

7.2.10 The panel shall be provided with a separate metal base channel 75 mm in height
for facilitating grouting on the floor, in addition to the integral base channels, if
considered.

7.2.11 Dust preventing gaskets of neoprene shall be used on all doors to ensure dust
tightness of the interior while the board is in service. Suitable ventilating louvers
designed in such a way as to prevent entry of falling dust shall be provided at the
sides and top so that a free circulation of air through the equipment under
thermal cycling conditions is ensured. The louvers shall be provided with fine
screened brass meshes to prevententry of vermin. If ventilation louvers are
provided on top, suitable canopy / cover shall be provided.

7.2.12 The hardware shall be zinc plated and passivated. These shall be of the captive
type to obviate loss of these bolts / screws etc., when the doors / covers are
opened for servicing / inspection.

7.2.13 Cold Rolled Sheet Steel of 2.0 mm. thickness shall be used for all members.

7.2.14 All components including the busbars shall be capable of being removed from
front. The cable alleys shall also be at the front of the board for MCCs &
Distribution Boards. However, cable access may be arranged at the rear side in
415V panels.

7.2.15 All the doors for the feeder modules in the front shall have individual sheet steel
hinged doors with concealed hinges; these doors shall be capable of being
physically lifted off the main base shell and fixed back in position while the panel
is in service without necessitating removal of any screws or welding etc. and
with the adjacent modules in service with their doors closed. The doors shall

CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

also have interlock facility, with defeat provision, to ensure that the door is not
opened when feeder is in ON position.

7.2.16 The bus bar chamber shall have screwed covers at the front, on the sides and for
the top.

7.2.17 The covers for the cable chambers and other compartments shall have covers
screwed on with captive screws so that these do not fall off when the panel is in
use while the operating / maintenance personnel have occasion to open and
replace these covers.

7.2.18 The panels shall be suitable for cable entry at bottom. Undrilled, removable
gland plates not less than 3 mm thick shall be provided at the bottom for the
switchboards to suit entry of the cables as furnished in the schedules. Cable
clamping arrangements shall be provided in the cable alley.

7.2.19 The switchboards shall have uniform height of not more than 2400 mm. The
height of the operating handle for the feeder modules, indicating lamps, MCBs
etc., in the top most tier which may need adjustment / replacement shall all be
not more than 1950 mm from the finished operating level on the floor so that
these are easily accessible for the operating / maintenance personnel without
having to take recourse to ladders / steps etc.,

7.2.20 The minimum operating height of the switch handles shall not be less than 400
mm from the finished floor level including the safety rubber mat.

7.2.21 All live parts shall be suitably shrouded with non deteriorating insulating
barriers so as to prevent any accidental contact with these by the operating /
maintenance personnel while the panel is in service and the modules are opened
for inspection / servicing etc.

7.2.22 The switchgear panels shall be provided with space heaters to prevent moisture
condensation and maintain cubicle temperature 5 Deg.C above the ambient
temperature. The space heater shall be located at the bottom of the switchboard
and shall be supplied from 230 V AC control supply. The space heater shall be
provided with a manually operated rotary switch and controlled through a
thermostat. A separate space heater shall be provided for each vertical panel.
The space heaters shall be fed from control transformer of respective panel.

7.2.23 18W CFL Lamps shall be provided in the cable chamber and also in the
marshalling compartment unit. The supply for the same shall be derived from
the control supply through door limit switches.

7.2.24 Specific requirements to be met for 2000A and higher rating feeders:

a. Ventilation louvers with fine screened brass meshes to meet IP52 requirement,
on side covers of main busbar chambers and rear covers shall be provided.

b. Ventilation hoods on top of the panel shall be provided.

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

c. Thickness of busbars at the incomer panels shall not be more than .


8.0

SPACE HEATER

The switchboard panel shall be provided with space heaters to prevent moisture
condensation. The space space heater shall be located in the bottom part of each
panel and shall be supplied from 240V AC auxiliary bus for space heater. The
space heater shall be provided with a thermostat having adjustable setting and
double pole miniature circuit breaker.

9.0

AUXILIARY BUS BARS

Auxiliary bus bars each of minimum size 18mm2 coppers shall be provided for
following applications. Exact number of bus bars shall depend on various
controls, metering and auxiliary power distribution requirement.

Panel space heater supply and motor space heater supply.


Control supply for breaker tripping, closing and indication circuits.
Control supply for breaker spring charging motors, motor starter control and
indication circuit.
AC potential supply for energy meters, voltage operated relay tec.
Provision to hook up of external DC control supply to be provided wither in bus
PT panel or bus coupler panel.

10.0 BUS BARS


10.1


The busbars shall be of hard drawn high conductivity electrolytic grade
Aluminum conforming to IS / IEC Standards. The busbars shall be of uniform
cross section along its entire length. No tapering of the busbar cross section is
allowed. The busbar shall have smooth round edges.


10.2 Horizontal and vertical busbars shall be provided with PVC sleeves of high
quality.

10.3 The joints in the busbars shall be of the bolted type and it shall be ensured that
the following precautions are observed:

The contact pressure must be ample and this shall be maintained during the
time the panel is in service.
The surfaces of the conductors must be clean.
With flat conductors, the overlap should be equal to or greater than the width of
the bars or ten times the bar thickness whichever is greater.
The joints shall be treated by the application of joint compound to render the
joints moistureproof.
For the joints cadmium plated high tension MS bolts having expansion
characteristics due to temperature change similar to the conductor may be used
with steel nuts.

CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

10.4

10.5

10.6

10.7


10.8

10.9

The efficiency of the joints shall be preserved by smearing the surfaces with
oxide inhibiting grease just prior to making the joint.
The switchboard shall be provided with power busbars for the 3 phases and
neutral. The Busbars fed by the incomer shall run continuously throughout the
length of the switchboard.
The power busbars shall have a short circuit withstanding capacity of 50 kA for
1 Sec.
The busbars shall be phase identified by colour, throughout the length or
identification of busbars at regular intervals. Colour code for busbars shall be as
per IEC practices. Busbars shall be rated for 40 Deg.C temperature rise over an
ambient of 45 Deg.C as measured by thermometer.
However, the main bus bars for panels shall not be less than the sizes furnished
below for various ratings. The main bus bar rating for the panels shall be as
indicated in the single line diagram.
The cross section of the other bus bars shall be uniform throughout. In any case,
the current density shall be not more than 0.8 A/Sq.mm for panels, on the rated
current of switchgear.


10.10 Busbars shall be supported on tough, nonhygroscopic, resin bonded self
extinguishing fire retardant insulators of SMC / DMC with ribbed construction to
prevent tracking due to dust accumulation and to have larger creepage paths. All
the phases are individually supported. If a common support is provided for all
the three phases, antitracking barriers shall be incorporated. Busbars and
supports shall withstand the maximum stresses that are likely to be induced by
the short circuit currents specified.

10.11 The clearance between the individual bare phase power busbars and between the
phase and earth busbars in air shall be not less than 25 mm and 16 mm
respectively.

10.12 All busbar joints shall be of the bolted type. Ring washers shall be used for joints
to prevent loosening of the nuts and over heating. Lock nuts shall be
incorporated for the bolts besides the main nuts. The bolts and nuts used in the
current carrying paths shall all be of steel cadmium plated and the hardware
shall have adequate cover of the protective cadmium coating to obviate
corrosion while the board is in service.

10.13 The busbar chambers at the top shall be totally segregated from the rest of
compartments and rendered totally inaccessible under normal circumstances.
No equipment / instrument shall be mounted on the busbar chamber.

10.14 Power shall be distributed to each module or compartment by a set of vertical


busbars. The vertical busbars shall run behind the modules.

CEPL/20082/EL/TS04

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

10.15 All busbars, links etc., shall be PVC sleeved and adequately shrouded to prevent
accidental contact. The sleeve used shall be of the heat shrinkable type. Shrouds
at outgoing terminals shall be with transparent sheets.

10.16 Auxiliary busbars of minimum 18 Sq.mm copper shall be provided for panel
space heater supply, control supply for breaker tripping, closing and indication
circuits, breaker spring charging motor and motor starter control and indication
circuits.

10.17 The busbars shall run horizontally in a separate enclosure but may run in an
enclosure located within the power busbar compartment.

10.18 Necessary tee off connectors shall be used for distributing auxiliary supply to
each vertical panel. Rubber grommets shall be used for all wire entries to make
the entries dust and vermin proof.

11.0 EARTHING

11.1

11.2
11.3

11.4

The panel shall be connected to an earth busbar running throughout the length
of the switchboard.
The minimum earth bus size shall be 300 Sq.mm copper with lead coating.
All doors and movable parts shall be connected to the earth bus with flexible
copper connections. Provision shall be made to connect the earthing busbar to
the plant earthing grid at two ends.
All noncurrent carrying metallic parts of the mounted equipment shall be
earthed. Earthing bolts shall be provided to ground cable armours.

12.0 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT TO AIR CIRCUIT BREAKERS PANELS



12.1

12.2

12.3

12.4

12.5

The breaker panel shall have distinct bus bar, breaker and cable compartments.
The design of each compartment shall be such as to prevent movement of
vermin from a particular compartment to any other compartment of the panel
when the breaker is withdrawn and compartment door is closed.
Blanking plates shall be provided for each circuit breaker compartments, which
would be used after installation, to cover the openings in the event of taking out
the breaker outside the compartment.
In order to minimize accidental access and avoid accidents due to falling tools,
all the outgoing links shall be shrouded.
outgoing Air circuit breaker cab be mounted in a maximum of two tier
execution while the incoming/bus coupler Air circuit breaker shall be single tier
execution only.

12.6 Cable Compartment


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PROJECT NAME

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EPC CONTACTOR

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: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR


12.6.1 Separate compartment totally enclosed from all sides shall be provided for cable
termination, on the front side.

12.6.2 The incoming /outgoing cable termination shall be staggered for each circuit and
barriers of sheet steel or insulating material shall be provided between
termination of two circuits such that maintenance on one circuit could be carried
out while the other circuit is live, suitable clamping arrangements shall be
provided for cable and cable termination. Terminal blocks shall not be used for
supporting the cables.

12.6.3 The incoming supply for MCC/PMCC panels shall be through top entry bus ducts
or through bottom entry cables unless specified otherwise. The outgoing cables
shall have bottom entry unless specified otherwise.
12.6.4 The cable terminations shall be suitably sized for receiving specified number of
cable per termination and provision shall be made for terminating each outgoing
cable with a separate bolted connection. In case the total number of cables
entering a particular panel cannot be accommodated in the cabling compartment
of the panels an extension panel of full height shall be added to the cabling
compartment for accommodating extra cables.

12.7 Circuit Breaker Compartments

12.7.1 Spring actuated and gravity operated safety shutters shall be provided for
isolating the busbars and other live parts when the breaker is completely
withdrawn. The design of compartment shall be such as to prevent movement of
vermin from a particular circuit breaker compartment to any other portion of
the panel when the breaker is withdrawn and the compartment door is closed.

17.7.2 The circuit breaker compartment enclosure shall be IP31 with the circuit breaker
in position or withdrawn from the compartment.

12.7.3 The circuit breaker compartment shall be fully draw out, i.e., bus side and
outgoing power and control connections shall be through draw out contacts (it
shall be possible to draw out the with draw able trolley without having to unbolt
or unscrew any power and control connections). Suitable guides shall be
provided to facilitate easy withdrawal of the trolley. All identical feeder
compartments shall be interchangeable without having to carryout
modifications.

12.7.4 The draw out breaker shall be earthed by means of a scraping earth system of
silver plated copper such that the earth connection is broken after the breaker
main contacts disengage during withdrawal and the earth connection is made
before the main contacts engage during insertion.

12.7.5 The earth connection shall remain connected in "test" and "isolated" positions
also.

12.7.6 The drawout compartments shall have the following interlocks:

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

Compartment doors shall be interlocked against opening when breaker is in


closed or ON condition. However, it shall be possible to bypass this interlock for
inspection purposes.

It shall not be possible to push "in" a drawn out circuit breaker in closed
condition or withdraw a circuit breaker in closed condition.

It shall be possible to operate a circuit breaker only in the defined "Full In" or
"Service" and "test" position inside the panel. It shall not be possible to operate
the breaker in intermediate position while inserting or withdrawing a circuit
breaker or while in "Full Out" position inside the panel.

It shall be possible to open / close the circuit breaker in test position bypassing
the closing interlocks.

All the circuit breakers shall be provided with a TNC switch for local electrical
operation and a Local / Remote selector switch for selecting the mode of
operation.


12.7.7 The breaker shall be of drawout type and shall be suitable for motor / manual
spring charged closing.

12.7.8 Mechanical Castell key type interlocks shall be provided between feeders,
wherever specified. Electrical interlocks shall also be device, wherever specified.

13.0 SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT OF NONAIR CIRCUIT BREAKER FEEDERS



13.1

13.2

13.3

The design of draw out feeder module shall not change for single front execution.
Separate vertical bus bars shall be provided for each front side modules.
All identical feeder modules shall be interchangeable.
Each vertical panel shall have a separate cable alley. The width of this cable alley
shall be sufficient to accommodate all the cables and shall have free access for
cable terminations and in any case shall not be less than 200mm minimum.
Cable alleys shall be provided with suitable doors.

13.4

Sheet steel barriers shall be provided between individual compartments and


cable alley. This barrier shall be provided with opening for power and control
connections and it shall be possible to safely carryout maintenance work on
cable connections to any one circuit in the cable alley with the busbars and the
adjacent circuits live.

13.5

Maintenance and connection of cables to any modules shall be possible without


having to take out the modules from its position from the panel.

13.6

The outgoing feeder trolleys for drawout type switchboard shall be fully
drawout and shall have the following features.

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PROJECT NAME

CUSTOMER

EPC CONTACTOR

DOC.NAME

: TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION FOR LT SWITCHGEAR

13.6.1 It shall be possible to withdraw the trolley without having to unbolt or unscrew
any power and control connections to the equipment mounted on the withdraw
able trolley.
13.6.2 Both power and control connections shall be drawout type. All line and bus PTs
shall be in drawout execution only. However, outgoing modules having size
more than half of the useful vertical height of the panel may be in mixed
combination of drawout/fixed type.
13.6.3 Control supply transformer modules with burden higher than 2.5KVA may be in
fixed execution.
13.6.4 The trolley withdrawal shall be by means of crank and screw arrangement.
Alternatively movement on guided rollers may also be acceptable. Plug in
operation shall be independent of manual force.
13.6.5 For drawout type feeders of size equal to or greater than half the useful vertical
height of panel, positive clamping arrangement shall be provided on the top
portion of the trolley in addition to clamping arrangement at the bottom, to
ensure all round positive pressure on the power drawout contacts once the
trolley is plugged in.
13.6.6 Power drawout contacts shall preferably be located towards the bottom portion
of each trolley. The trolley shall be lockable in fully plugged in position and
devices shall be provided to ensure positive plugging in. in test position, power
contacts shall be totally isolated and device shall be provided for indication of
test position.
13.7

The incomer and bus tie feeders with load break switches rated 800A and above
may be in fixed execution.

13.8

Various compartment sizes in a vertical panel shall be multiples of a basic


dimension. However the minimum module size for switch fuse feeder and motor
starter/contactor feeder shall not be less than that defined in data sheet/job
specification. Vertical bus bars shall be predrilled at regular intervals for
complete flexibility for changes in size of modules.

13.9

All switch drives other than rotary control switches, shall be lockable in both
ON and OFF positions.

13.10 The switches/Moulded case circuit breakers/MCB shall be interlocked with the
compartment door to prevent opening of the door when the switch/moulded
case circuit breaker is in ON position and to prevent switching on when the
door is open. A defeat mechanism for this interlock shall also be provided.
13.11 The maximum height of the operating handle and switches shall not exceed 1900
mm and the minimum height not below 300 mm.
13.12 Unused modules in the panel shall be fully equipped with hinged door, power
and control terminals for starter modules and cradle for future use.

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14.0 SWITCHGEAR MODULES


14.1

Switchboard shall be completely lined up in one straight row with the type and
quantities of feeders as defined in switchboard data sheet. Generally the feeders
of the three main categories are identified as identified as circuit breaker, motor
starters and switch fuse.

14.2

Starter modules required for motor control shall be of following types and
internal control wiring of all starter modules of each type shall be identical for
all ratings.

14.2.1 FVNR Full voltage nonreversing starter with minimum 18 control


terminals.
14.2.2 FVR Full voltage reversing starter with minimum 24 control terminals.
14.2.3 FVNRHD Full voltage nonreversing heavy duty starter with long starting time
such as for compressors and fans etc. with minimum 18 control
terminals
14.3

Switch fuse/contactor feeder modules shall be of following types and internal


control wiring of all modules of each type shall be identical for all ratings.

14.3.1 SFU

Switch fuse modules with no control terminals.

14.3.2 SFUC Switch fuse contactor modules with 18 control terminals.


14.4

Type of modules for fixed type switchboard shall be similar to above specified
drawout modules except that the modules shall be of fixed type.

14.5

Minimum 2000 VA control transformer shall be provided for each bus section of
the PMCC/MCC switchboard having contactor control feeders and each
transformer shall be sized for the entire switchboard. For switchboard having
two bus sections and coupled by bus tie shall have manual changeover switch for
the control transformers.

14.6

To facilitate site modification due to changes in motor KW ratings and to


minimize spares inventory, overload relays and power fuse links shall meet the
following requirements.

14.6.1 All bimetal overload relays shall be separately mounted type with connecting
links rated for the maximum rating of the contactor in a starter module.
14.6.2 Bimetal overload relays of various current ranges required for motors likely to
be connected to a contactor must be identical in dimension for inter
changeability. In case offered relays are with different dimension for any
particular starter module, special mounting plate suitable for mounting different
relays shall be provided in all the modules of that size.
14.7

Heavy duty starters shall be provided with saturable type current transformer
operated overload relays only, which shall be suitable for motor starting time of
1560 seconds.

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14.8

All contactor controlled starter feeders shall meet the requirements of type2
coordination as per IS: 13947.

15.0 SWITCHBOARD COMPONENTS


15.1 Circuit Breakers
15.1.1 Circuit breakers shall be air break, 3 pole and drawout type. However Circuit
breaker for generator incomer shall be with four poles unless specified
otherwise.
15.1.2 The circuit breakers shall be provided with mechanically operated emergency
tripping device. This device shall be available on the front of the panel.
Mechanically operated closing device shall be provided for all breakers.
However mechanical closing shall be inhibited for all breakers in service
position.
15.1.3 The circuit breakers shall be provided with minimum 4 NO + 4 NC contacts,
wired and available for purchasers use.
15.1.4 Circuit breakers Open and Closed positions; Service and test locations and spring
charged condition shall also be indicated mechanically in addition to electrical
indications.
15.1.5 Unless otherwise specified, all circuit breakers in the switchboard shall be
provided with electrical power operating mechanism. Wherever circuit breakers
are provided in place of Isolators, Breaker can be manually operated type.
15.1.6 Operating Mechanism
a) Electric power operating mechanism shall be motor wound spring charged
stored energy type. However, manualoperating mechanism may be of the spring
charging stored energy type or the spring assisted type. For circuit breakers with
electrical power operating mechanism, provision shall also be made for manual
spring charging. Closing time of circuit breakers with manual operating
mechanism shall be independent of the speed of the operating handle.
b) All stored energy operating mechanism shall be equipped with following
features.
i) Failure of springs, vibrations or shocks shall not cause unintended
operation of breaker or prevent intended tripping operation.
ii) Closing of circuit breakers shall be prevented unless the spring is fully
charged.
c) All electrical power operating mechanisms shall be suitable for remote operation
and shall be equipped with following features.
i) Provided with universal motor operable on AC or DC control supplies.
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ii) Provided with emergency manual charging facility. The motor shall be
automatically, decoupled (mechanically) once the manualcharging
handle is inserted.
iii) Closing operation of circuit breaker shall automatically initiate charging
of the spring for the next closing operation without waiting for tripping
circuit breaker.
iv) Closing operation shall be completed once the closing impulse is given
and the first device in the control scheme has responded even though the
control switch / Push Button is released provided no counter trip
impulse is present.
15.1.7 Circuit breaker trip and closing coils in case of electrically operated breakers and
trip coil in case of mechanically operated breakers and circuit breaker indication
shall be suitable for satisfactory operation on a control supply system indicated
in data sheets/job specification.
15.1.8 Circuit breakers shall be provided with anti pumping & trip free feature.
15.1.9 Circuit breakers shall be provided with operation counters.
15.1.10 Releases are not required to be provided with breakers where relays are used.
However breakerhaving AC control supply voltage shall be provided with under
voltage release unless specified otherwise.
15.2

Switches

15.2.1 All switches or fuse switches shall be air break type provided with quick
make/break manual operating mechanism. The operating handle shall be
mounted on the door of the compartment having the switch.
15.2.2 Rating of switches for starter module shall meet the requirements of AC23 duty
as per IS: 13947 and minimum rating shall be as specified in job
specification/data sheets.
15.3

Fuses

15.3.1 Fuses shall be nondeteriorating HRC cartridge link type.


15.3.2 Power fuses shall be pressure fitted type and shall preferably have ribs on the
contact blades to ensure good line contact.
15.3.3 It shall be possible to handle fuses during off load conditions with full voltage
available on the terminals. Wherever required fuse pullers shall be provided.
The fuse base shall be so located in the modules to permit insertion of fuse
pullers and removal of fuse links without any problem.
15.4

Contactors

15.4.1 The contactors shall be air break type, equipped with three main contacts and
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minimum 1 NO + 1 NC auxiliary contacts. The main contacts of a particular


contactor for motor starter module shall have AC3 or AC4 ratings as specified
in data sheet.
15.4.2 Unless specified otherwise, the coil of the contactor shall be suitable for
operation on 240 V, 1 Phase, AC supply and shall work satisfactorily between 65
to 100 % of the rated value.

15.5

Thermal overload relay

15.5.1 Bimetal relays shall be provided for protecting the motor from thermal overload.
15.5.2 Bimetal relays shall be manually reset type with the reset push button brought
out on the front of the panel. The reset push button shall be capable of being
operated without opening the compartment door.
15.5.3 Bimetal relays shall be positive acting ambient temperature compensated type
with adjustable setting range.
15.5.4 Bimetal relays shall have builtin single phasing prevention feature, which
operate even with 50% rated current at the time of single phasing.
15.6

Moulded case circuit breakers

15.6.1 MCCBs shall be provided with spring assisted quick make/break manually
operated trip free mechanism. Wherever specified, MCCB shall be suitable for
remote tripping operation and the tripping device shall be suitable for the
specified control supply voltage.
15.6.2 MCCBs shall be provided tripping device with inverse time characteristic for
over load protection and instantaneous characteristics for short circuit
protection and MCCB rated above 125A shall preferably have adjustable settings.
15.6.3 ON and OFF position of the operating handle of MCCB shall be displayed and
the operating handle shall be mounted on the door o the compartment housing
MCCB.
15.6.4 Each MCCB shall be provided with minimum 1 NO + 1 NC auxiliary contact and 1
NO contact for tripping indication/alarm for purchasers use.
15.6.5 MCCBs shall be provided with solenoid/Motorised closing mechanism to make
them suitable for remote closing operation if specified. The closing
solenoid/motor shall be suitable for specified control supply voltage.
15.6.6 MCCBs as part of motor starter module shall be current limiting type and type
tested for type2 coordination as per IS: 13947.
15.7

Relays

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15.7.1 Type of relay shall be electromagnetic, static or numerical type as specified in


the data sheet / job specification.
15.7.2 All electromagnetic protective relays shall be backconnected, of drawout type,
suitable for flush mounting, and fitted with dusttight covers. Alternatively,
plugin type relays will also be acceptable. Auxiliary relays are acceptable in
fixed execution.
15.7.3 The protective relay cases shall have provision at the front for testing and
calibration purposes. It shall be possible to test the relays without
disconnecting the wiring and without withdrawing the relays. The insertion of
the test plug shall automatically short circuit the CTs and permits extension of
external power supply to the relay.
15.7.4 Each protective relay shall be provided with minimum 2 nos. potential free
contacts of required configuration.
15.7.5 Each tripping relays shall be of lockout type with hand reset coil cutoff contacts.
The tripping relay shall be suitable for satisfactory operation from 50% to 110%
of the specified control supply voltage.
15.7.6 Protective relays shall be preferably mounted on the front side and upper part of
the panel and mounting of relays on the lower portion shall be avoided.

15.8 Instrument Transformers (CTs/PTs)


15.8.1 Current transformers shall generally conform to IS: 2705 and any special
requirement with respect to Numerical relay shall be taken care by the vendor.
15.8.2 For general guidance the vendor shall note that the protective current
transformers shall have an accuracy class of 5P and an accuracy limit factor
greater than 10. However CTs for restricted earth fault shall be of class PS.
Vendor shall coordinate the knee point voltage, magnetizing current for PS class
CTs to avoid saturation and mismatching of CTs provided at other end by other
vendor.
15.8.3 Current transformers for instruments shall have an accuracy class 1.0 and
accuracy limit factor less than 5.0. However accuracy class of 3.0 is acceptable
for CTs meant for remote ammeters.
15.8.4 The current transformers in breaker feeders shall be capable of with standing
the applicable peak momentary short circuit and the symmetrical short circuit
current for 1.0 second.
15.8.5 The voltage transformers shall be cast resin type transformers and PT shall
generally conform to Is: 3156. PT shall be provided with HRC fuses on primary
side and Miniature circuit breakers with auxiliary contact on the secondary side.

15.9 Measuring Instruments


15.9.1 All analogue instruments shall be of 96 96 mm and 72 72 mm square
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pattern, flushmounting type for incomer and outgoing feeders respectively in


the switchboard.
15.9.2 All auxiliary equipment such as shunts transducers, CTs, VTs, etc. as required
shall be included in the supply of the switchboard.
15.9.3 All AC ammeters and voltmeters shall be of moving iron type with accuracy class
of 1.5 as per IS: 1248. Ammeters for motor feeders shall have a nonlinear
compressed scale at the end to indicate motor starting current and red mark for
the full load current.
15.9.4 The KW/KWH meters shall be suitable to measure unbalanced loads on 3 phases
4wire system. Test terminal block shall be provided for KWH meters. The
accuracy class of KW/KWH meters shall be a minimum of 2.5.
15.9.5 Digital meters shall be provided if specified in job specification/data sheets. All
digital meter shall be high reliable, accurate, compact and self powered. Digital
meter data shall be saved in case of power failure. Field programming from front
of the meter shall be possible and shall be RS232/485 port in case specified in
the job specification/data sheet.
15.10 Control Switches
15.10.1 All control switches shall be rotary type, having a camoperated contact
mechanism. Switch shall have pistolgrip handles for circuit breaker control and
knob type handle for other applications.
15.10.2 Ammeter selector switches shall have a makebeforebreak feature on
its contacts. The selector switch shall generally have four positions: three for
reading 3phase currents and the fourth for the OFF. The voltmeter selector
switch shall also have four positions: three shall be used to measure phaseto
phase voltages, and the fourth shall be for the OFF position.
15.11 Push Buttons:

Push button colours shall be as follows:

Stop/Open/Emergency

Red

Start/ Close

Green

Reset/ Test

Yellow/ Black/ White

15.12 Indications
15.12.1 Clustered LED type indicating light with minimum 8mm diameter size shall be
provided for indications.
15.12.2 Breaker positions (CLOSE, OPEN, springcharged, test position, service position)
electrical indications, with colours as given below, shall also be provided:

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Breaker CLOSE

Red lamp

Breaker OPEN

Green lamp

Breaker autotrip

Amber lamp

Trip circuit healthy

White lamp

Spring charging

Blue lamp

15.12.3 Outgoing feeder (CLOSE, OPEN, TRIP) electrical indications, with colours as
given below, shall also be provided:

CLOSE

Red lamp

OPEN

Green lamp

Trip

Amber lamp

15.13 Auxiliary relays /contactors


Auxiliary relays/contactors shall generally be used for interlocking and


multiplying contacts. Auxiliary contacts shall be capable of carrying the
maximum anticipated current.

15.14 Timers
For reacceleration duty, timers unless otherwise stated, shall be pneumatic type
and shall have adjustable time setting of 060 seconds. Alternatively static timer
may be considered. The time settings, where specified, shall be accurately set
before dispatch of the switchboard. Timer provided for control of capacitor
feeder shall have minimum setting of 05 minutes.
15.15 Miniature circuit breaker

MCB shall provide high mechanical and electrical life, reliable protection of
circuits against overload and short circuit and shall have minimum breaking
capacity of 9KA unless otherwise specified. Positive ON/OFF indication shall be
provided.

Earth leakage circuit breaker shall have earth sensitivities range 30mA to
300mA unless otherwise specified.

16.0 INSPECTION, TESTING AND ACCEPTANCE


16.1

During fabrication, switchgear shall be subject to inspection by EIL / Owner, or


by an agency authorized by the Owner. Manufacturer shall furnish all necessary
information concerning the supply to EIL/Owners inspectors.

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16.2

All routine tests shall be carried out as per IS: 12729 at the manufacturers
works under his care and expense.

16.3

Type tests, if specified shall be performed. Short circuit and internal arc test shall
be performed at CPRI or equivalent approved testing agency and heat run test
may be performed at manufacturers works. Heat run test shall be performed at
least on one incomer and two outgoing vertical panels of the ordered
switchboard.

16.4

Type and shop tests shall be witnessed by an inspector of EIL / Owner, or of an


agency authorized by Owner. Prior notice of minimum 4 weeks shall be given to
the inspector for witnessing the tests.

16.5

Acceptance Tests

Acceptance tests shall be as follows:

16.5.1 A general visual check shall be carried out. This shall cover measurement of
overall dimensions, location, number and type of devices, and connection of
terminals, etc.
16.5.2 Manual and electrical operation of Circuit breakers / Relays shall be checked
under the worst conditions of auxiliary supply voltage.
16.5.3 Dry insulation test with powerfrequency voltage shall be conducted for the
main and auxiliary circuits.
16.5.4 Insulation resistance of the main and auxiliary circuits shall be checked before
and after power frequency voltage withstand test.
16.5.5 Operation check shall be carried out for every control function / interlocks as
per the schematic diagrams by manually simulating fault conditions and
operation of control switches/relays, etc.
16.5.6 For equipment bought from other subsuppliers, certified test reports of the
tests reports of the tests carried out at the manufacturers works shall be
submitted. Normally, all routine tests as specified in the relevant standards shall
be conducted by the subsupplier at his works.
16.5.7 Interchange ability of similar modules shall be checked on random basis. This
may be done on one module of each size.

17.0 PACKING AND DISPATCH


All the equipment shall be divided into several shipping sections for protection
and ease of handling during transportation. The equipment shall be properly
packed for selected mode of transportation i.e. ship/rail or trailer. The panels
shall be wrapped in polyethylene sheets before being placed in wooden
crates/cases to prevent damage to the finish. Crates/cases shall have skid
bottoms for handling. Special precaution notations such as Fragile, This side
up, center of gravity, Weight, Owners particulars, Purchase number etc. shall be

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clearly marked on the package together with other details as per purchase order.
The equipment may be stored outdoors for long periods before installation. The
packing should also be suitable for outdoors storage areas with heavy rains and
high ambient temperature unless otherwise agreed.

7.0MCCBModules

7.1MCCBmodulesshallbeprovidedwithcomponents,asfurnishedintheschedule
andthedrawings.

7.2Themoduleshallcompriseofthefollowing:

ThreepoleMCCBwithneutrallink
SetofclustertypeLEDlampsforON,OFFandTRIP
Meters,asspecified
Currenttransformers
Terminalblocks,interconnectionbars/wires,ferrulesetc.,asperrequirement.

7.3Themodulesshallhavedoorsmadeoutof1.6mmsteelorheavier.Doorsshall
bemountedonadjustableandremovablepintypeconcealedhingesandso
arrangedthatunitdoorsmayberemovedwithoutdisturbingtheunitdoors
aboveorbelow.

7.4TheoperatinghandlesshallbecapableofbeingpadlockedintheOFF'position.

7.5Forthepurposeofstandardisation,similarcomponentsintheswitchboardshall
beofthesamemake/brand,identicalandinterchangeable.

7.6OnlytheoperatinghandleoftheMCCBshallbeaccessibleforoperationwiththe
relateddoorclosed.

7.7ThedoorsshallbeinterlockedwithassociatedMCCBsothatthedoorcanbe
openedonlywhentheMCCBisinthedeenergised(off)positionandthedoors
shallnotbecapableofbeingclosedwiththeMCCBintheenergised(on)
position.Provisionshallalsobeavailabletodefeattheinterlock.

7.8Eachcompartmentshallhavesuitablenameplatewhichshallbefixedonthe
coverindistinctcolourtodesignatethefeedernumber,feederdesignation,
currentratingandHP/kWoftherelatedequipment.

7.9MechanicalCastellkeyandElectricalinterlockbetweenincomersshallbe
provided,whereverMCCs/DistributionBoardsareprovidedwithmorethanone
incomer.
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8.0MotorFeederStarterModules

8.1Basicschemetobeadoptedforvarioustypesofstartersshallbeasshowninthe
drawing,correspondingtothespecifiedfeedersintheschedule.

8.2Thestartermodulesshallcompriseofthefollowing:

ThreepoleMCCB/MPCB,asapplicable
Airbreakcontactor(s)
Microprocessorbasedoverloadrelay,asspecifiedintherespectivedrawings.
MCBforthecontrolcircuits.
Selectorswitch,asshowninthedrawings.
SetofclustertypeLEDlampsforON/OFF/TRIP.
Setofpilotdevicescomprisingofoiltight'RESET'buttoncompletewithactuator
andnecessarylinkages.
Timersettableupto60sec.forstardeltastarters.
Meters,asspecified
Currenttransformersformeteringandprotection
Terminalblocks,interconnectionbars/wires,ferrulesetc.,asperrequirement

8.3Thestartermodulesshallhavedoorsmadeoutof1.6mmsteelorheavier.Doors
shallbemountedonadjustableandremovablepintypeconcealedhingesandso
arrangedthatunitdoorsmayberemovedwithoutdisturbingtheunitdoors
aboveorbelow.

8.4OnlytheoperatinghandleoftheMCCB/MPCBset,andtheRESETpushbuttons
shallbeaccessibleforoperationwiththerelateddoorsclosed.

8.5TheratingsoftheMCCB/MPCBandoverloadrelaysshallbesuitably
coordinatedwiththemaincontactorratingtomeettype2requirementin
accordancewithrelevantISStandards.However,theoversizingrequirementsas
specifiedelsewhereinthisdocumentshallbecompliedwith.

8.6TheselectedMCCBratinginallthecasesshallbenotlessthantheratings
specifiedinthedrawings.

8.7AC3dutyratingofthecontactorinallthecasesshallbeatleast30%
morethanthecorrespondingFLCofthemotor.Minimumcontactorratingshall
be9A.
9.0MarshallingCompartments

9.1AcommonMarshallingcompartments/cabinets,asanextensionforthe
switchboardsshallbeprovided,forconnectionofmulticorecablesfromDCS
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racks.AMarshallingCompartmentofadequatesizeshallbeprovidedineach
415Vpanelscommonforallfeedersinaparticularswitchboard)tohousethe
interposingrelays,contactmultiplyingrelays.Theterminalblocksshallbe
mountedinsuchawaythatFIELDterminalblocks/terminationsandDCS
terminalblocks/terminationsarecomingoneitherside(FrontandRear).All
interpanelwiringbetweentheindividualmodules,marshallingcompartment
shallbethroughmetallictroughswithcover.Theinterpanelwiringbetweenthe
individualmodulesandthemarshallingcompartmentshallbedoneonlywith
screenedcables.

9.2Marshallingcabinetsshallhouseterminalblocksandtransducersforconnection
to415VPccAuxiliarySwitchboardandMCCcompartments/DCSracks,asshown
inthedrawings.However,localpushbuttonstationsandotherfieldinstrument
cablesshallbedirectlyconnectedtotherespectivemotorfeedercompartments.

9.3Theterminalblockarrangementshallbearrangedasbelow:

Alldigitalinputs(DIs)fromdifferentfeederstobeterminatedataseparatearray
ofterminalblocks.

Alldigitaloutputs(DOs)fromdifferentfeederstobeterminatedataseparate
arrayofterminalblocks.

Allanaloginputs(AIs)fromdifferentfeederstobeterminatedataseparatearray
ofterminalblocks.

9.4Allterminalblocksshallbeidentifiedwiththerespectivefeedernames.

9.5ThecommunicationportofalltheTriVectorMeters/kWHmetersin
the415VPCCshallbeconnectedinseriesthroughScreened,twisted
paircableof0.5Sq.mm.andasinglepointconnectivityshallbeprovidedinthe
marshallingcompartmentforhookingupthesesignalstotheEnergy
ManagementSystem.However,thereshallbeanindependentterminalblock
individuallyforalltheTriVectorMeter/kWHmeter.

10.0TBDetailsatMarshallingCompartment

10.1Alltheterminalblocks,whichwillbehookeduptoDCS,shallbearrangedas
specified.Eachwireattheterminalblockshallbeterminatedwithsleeveferrules
asindicatedbelow:

XXXYYYZZZ
XXXFeederModuleNumber
YYYSignaltype(DI/DO/AI/AO)
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ZZZTBnumber

10.2Protectivesleeveshallbeprovidedforcablepackingbetweenmovablecover
andpanel/terminalblocks.

11.0AirbreakCircuitBreakers

11.1Thebreakersshallbeofthreepoletype,unlessotherwisespecifically
mentionedelsewhereandallthebreakersshallbeofdrawouttype.Theratings
ofthecircuitbreakershallbeasindicatedintheschedules.Alltheaircircuit
breakersshallberatedfor50kA,1secshortcircuitrating.

11.2Theoperatingmechanismshallbeofmanualwoundspringchargedtype,unless
otherwisespecificallymentioned,whereitshallbeofmotoroperatedspring
chargedtype.

11.3Thecircuitbreakersshallbeprovidedwithmechanicallyoperatedemergency
trippingdevice.Thisdeviceshallbeavailableonthefrontofthepanel.

11.4Thecircuitbreakersshallbeprovidedwithminimum6Nos.normallyopenand
6Nos.normallyclosespareauxiliarycontactswiredandavailablefor
PURCHASERsuse.Ifspareauxiliarycontactsarenotavailable,lockoutrelayof
approvedmakeandtypeshallbeusedtomultiplytheavailablespareauxiliary
contact.However,auxiliarycontactorsmaybeusedformultiplicationpurpose,
butonlyinoutgoingfeeders.

11.5CircuitBreakerpositionsshallbeindicatedelectrically.Thefollowingindicating
coloursshallbeused.

Breaker'Close'Red
Breaker'Open'Green
Breaker'AutoTrip'Amber

11.6Inaddition,ifavailableasamanufacturer'sstandarddesign,thefollowing
positions/conditionsshallalsobeindicatedelectrically.Thecolourstobeused
shallbeasindicatedbelow:

BreakerSpring'Charged'White
BreakerTestPositionBlue

11.7CircuitBreakerpositions(OpenandClose),location(ServiceandTest)and
springchargedconditionsshallalsobeindicatedmechanically.

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11.8Thecircuitbreakerclosingtimeshallbeapproximatelyintherangeof100to
150msecs,andthetrippingtimeshallnotexceed100msecs.

11.9Thebreakersshallbetripfree.Ifavailableasmanufacturer'sstandardfeature,
thebreakersshallbeprovidedwithareleasetriptothebreakersinstantaneously
ifclosedontoafault.

11.10Thecircuitbreakersshallbeprovidedwithanantipumpingfeature.Ifan
electricalrelayisusedforthisfeature,therelayshallbelocatedonthebreaker
chassis.Theantipumpingfeatureshallbemaintainedevenifthebusvoltage
disappearsduringafault.

11.11Circuitbreakertripandclosingcoilsshallberatedforsatisfactoryoperation
underthefollowingconditionsofsupplyvoltagevariation:

a.TripCoil:70%to110%ofratedvoltage.
b.Closingcoil:85%to110%ofratedvoltage.
c.Ratedcoilvoltageshallbe240VACfortripcoilsandclosingcoils.

11.12OperatingMechanism:

a.Electricalpoweroperatingmechanismshallbemotorwoundspringcharged
storedenergytype.However,manualoperatingmechanismmaybeofthespring
chargingstoredenergytypeorthespringassistedtype.Provisionshallbemadefor
manualspringchargingalso.Closingtimeofcircuitbreakerswithmanualoperating
mechanismshallbeindependentofthespeedoftheoperatinghandle.

b.Allstoredenergyoperatingmechanismsshallbeequippedwithfollowing
features:

Failureofsprings,vibrationsorshocksshallnotcauseunintendedoperationof
breakerorpreventintendedtrippingoperation.

Closingofcircuitbreakershallbepreventedunlessthespringisfullycharged.

c.Allelectricalpoweroperatingmechanismsshallbesuitableforremoteoperation
andshallbeequippedwithfollowingfeatures:

ProvidedwithACmotoroperatingon240VACcontrolsupplydesignedtooperate
satisfactorilyfrom85%to110%ofratedvoltage.

Providedwithemergencymanualchargingfacility.Themotorshallbe
automatically,(mechanically)delinkedoncethemanualcharginghandleisinserted.

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Closingoperationofcircuitbreakershallautomaticallyinitiatechargingofthe
springforthenextclosingoperation.

Onecompleteclosingoperationshallbecompletedoncetheclosingimpulseis
givenandthefirstdeviceinthecontrolschemehasrespondedeventhoughthe
controlswitch/PBisreleasedprovidednocountertripimpulseispresent.

12.0Releases

12.1Releasesforoverload,shortcircuitandearthfaultshallbeprovided,wherever
specified.Thereleasesshallbeofmicroprocessorbasedtypeandselfpowered
withmicroswitches.Flag/indicationshallbemadeavailableforalltypesof
protections.Resetbuttonsshallalsobeavailableatthefrontpanel.

12.2U/Vreleasesshallbeprovidedinthefeeders,wherevercalledfor,withbuiltin
timerwithadjustablesettingrangingfrom0.1to1Sec.timedelay.
Alternatively,discreteundervoltagerelaywithtimerrelaymaybeprovided
alongwithshunttripcoil.

13.0MouldedCaseCircuitBreaker(MCCB)andMotorProtectionCircuitBreaker
(MPCB)

13.1ThecircuitbreakersshallmeetIS:13947requirements,andshallberated
forsystemshorttimeratingof50kAfor1secwithIcs=100%Icu

13.2Thebreakershallbedesignedtocarrytheratedcurrentcontinuously
withoutoverheating.

13.3Barriersshallbeprovidedtopreventinterphasearcingandliveterminals
shallbeshroudedtoavoidaccidentalcontact.

13.4AlarmandauxiliaryswitchesshallbeprovidedforMCCB&MPCBwith
sufficientNO&NCcontacts,tomeettheschemerequirements.

13.5Thebreakersshallbeof'tripfree'.

13.6MCCBsforalloutgoingfeedersshallbeprovidedwithmicroprocessorbased
typeoverloadandearthfaultprotectionsalongwithmagnetictypeshortcircuit
protection.Thereleasesshouldnotbesensitiveforharmoniccurrents,andshall
betemperaturecompensated.Incaseearthfaultprotectionisnotavailableasa
partofmainreleases,aseparateearthfaultmoduleshallbeconsidered.

13.7MCCBsformotorprotectionandcontroltransformercontrolscanbewith
thermalbasedoverloadreleasesandmagneticbasedshortcircuitprotection.
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13.8MCCBsshallhaveadjustablesettings,withmin.50%foroverloadfor
microprocessorbasedtypereleasesand80%forthermalbasedreleases.

13.9MPCBsshallhavesinglephasepreventionfeature.

13.10Accessorieslikerotaryhandles,doorinterlockarrangementandshrouds/
barriersshallformpartofsupply.

13.11FusesshallbenondeterioratingHRCcartridgelinktype.Diazefusesarenot
acceptable.

13.12Thefusesshallbeprovidedwithoperationindicatorwhichshallbevisible
withoutremovaloffusesfromservice.

13.13Fusesshallbepressurefittedtypeandshallpreferablyhaverimsonthe
contactbladestoensuregoodlinecontact.

13.14Itshallbepossibletohandlefusesduringoffloadconditionswithfullvoltage
availableontheterminals.Whereverrequired,fusepullersshallbeprovided.

14.0Contactors

14.1Thecontactorsshallbeairbreaktype,equippedwiththreemaincontactsand
minimum2NO+2NCauxiliarycontacts.Themaincontactsofaparticular
contactorshallhaveAC3ratingsforgeneralACmotorcircuits,AC4forRDOL
feeders,AC5aforAClightingcircuitsandDC6forDClightingcircuits,asperIEC
60947.

14.2Theauxiliarycontactsshallberatedforminimum5Ampsat230VAC.

14.3Unlessspecifiedotherwise,thecoilofthecontactorshallbesuitablefor
operationon230VACsupplyandshallworksatisfactorilybetween+10%and
15%oftheratedvoltage.

14.4Thecontactordropoffvoltageshallbebetween30%to65%oftheratedcoil
voltage.

14.5Auxiliarycontactorsshallgenerallybeusedforinterlockingandmultiplying
contacts.Auxiliarycontactsshallbecapableofcarryingthemaximumestimated
current,butnotlessthan5Aat230VAC.

15.0OverLoadRelays

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15.1Overloadrelayswillbeofmicroprocessorbased.Heavydutyrelaysshallbe
considered,whereverthestartingtimeisexpectedtobeveryhigh(allfan
feedersandconveyorfeeders).Theoverloadrelaysshallbeproperlyselected,
basedontheFLCandstartingcurrents,forRDOLfeeders,usedinactuator
motorcircuits.

15.2Microprocessortypeoverloadrelaysshallhavemotorstalling,singlephasing,
lockedrotor,earthfaultandoverloadprotections,asaminimumandshallbe
suitablefortheambientthatwillbeprevalentintheswitchboard.Necessary
corebalancingcurrenttransformers,asrequiredforearthfaultprotectionshall
bearranged.Therelayshallhaveinbuilttimedelaysettingfacilityfortripping.
TherelaysshallpreferablybeofCToperatedtype.

16.0AutomaticPowerFactorRelay:

16.1InPCCforpowerfactorimprovementloadsensingCTs(3Nos.)with0.5class
accuracyinallthreephasesalongAPFCrelayshallbeconsidered.

16.2TheAPFCrelayshallbeprovidedwithfollowingminimumfeatures:

Microprocessorcontrolledmeasurements.
Allmeasurementswith0.5classaccuracy
Minimumcontrolof12CapacitorBanks.
RS485communicationportwithMODBUSprotocol.
Monitoringfacilityforcapacitorhealthiness.
UtilizationcounterforON/OFFoperationsofNthcapacitorbankwithresetfacility.
Harmoniccompensationalgorithmtomaintainthesetpowerfactor.
Autocorrectionofcapacitorvaluesataregularintervalforeachstep.
Autosensingofconnectedcapacitorrating.

17.0MiniatureCircuitBreakersandEarthLeakageCircuitBreakers

17.1MCBsshallbeusedinalltheACcontrolcircuitsandDCcontrolcircuitsand
lightingfeeders,asspecified.However,controlfusesmaybeusedintheACB
feedersforDCcircuit.

17.2MCBsshallbeofselfextinguishingtypewithrupturingcapacityofnotlessthan
10kA,andshallbeselectedwithappropriatecharacteristics,asperIEC
Standards.

17.3Earthleakagecircuitbreakersshallbeprovidedasspecifiedinthedrawings.

18.0Timers

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18.1Static/Electronictimersofrange(060secs)shallbeusedinthestardelta
starter.

18.2Offdelaystatic/Electronictimersof(0120secs)shallbeusedinthecapacitor
circuits

18.3Timerstobeusedinthelightingcircuitsshallbeofdigitaltypewith24hr
settingrangeandbatterybackupfordawnandduskcontrolofthelighting
feeders.

19.0Relays

19.1Allprotectiverelaysshallbebackconnected,drawouttype,suitableforflush
mountingandfittedwithdusttightcovers.Allrelaysshallbemountedonthe
frontofthepanelandshallbespecifiedasperrequirement.Thecurrentandthe
voltagecoilsshallberatedasspecified.

19.2Allrelaysshallhavebuiltinflag/indicatortoindicateoperation.Alltripping
relaysshallbesuitabletooperateonthespecifiedDCvoltage.

19.3Automaticpowerfactorcorrectionrelayshallbeprovidedwhereverspecifiedto
maintainthepowerfactorinaparticularbussectionatpresetvalue.Thisrelay
shallbeofmicroprocessorbasedtype.ThenumberofstepstoswitchON/OFF
thecapacitorfeedersshallbeprovidedinthisrelayasspecifiedinthedrawings.

19.4Timerrelayofstatictypewith01sectimedelayshallbeprovidedfor
discrepancyfunction,whereverapplicable.

20.0MetersandTransducers

20.1Trivectormetersshallbecapableofindicatingallphaseinstantaneous
PARAMETERSandrecordingkWH,kVARHandkVAH.Theseshouldbesuitable
for3phase,4wire50Hzcircuitswithunbalancedloadingandwiththreesetsof
elementsconnectedtocurrentandpotentialtransformersofspecifiedratio.

Thetrivectormetershallbedigitaltype,class0.5orbetterwithcommunicationport,
RS485interfaceMODBUSRTUprotocol,forhookinguptoPC/DCS.Themeter
shallhavedataretentionfacilityintheeventofsupplysourcefailurefor
minimumonemonthperiod.Themetersshallalsobecapableofindicatingthe
totalharmoniclevelsupto25thharmonicinthesystemforcurrentaswellasin
voltageparameters.

20.2DigitalenergymetersshallbecapableofindicatingallphaseINSTANTANEOUS
parametersandrecordingkWh.Theseshouldbesuitablefor3phase,4wire50
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Hzcircuitswithunbalancedloadingandwiththreesetsofelementsconnected
tocurrentandpotentialtransformersofspecifiedratio.Theenergymetershall
beofdigitaltype,class0.5orbetter,withRS485communicationportand
suitableforcommunicatingtoEnergyManagementSystemwithMODBUSRTU
Protocol.Themetershallhavedataretentionfacility,asspecified.

20.3TestterminalblocksshallbeprovidedintheincomerpanelsforTVM
meter.

20.4Theanalogmeters,whereverprovided,shallbeofflushmountingtypewith
squarepatternofsize144mmforincomerfeedersand96mmdialsizefor
outgoingfeeders.Thedialshallhaveblacknumeralswithawhitebackground
andshallbefreefromparallaxerrors.Themetersshallhaveprovisionforzero
adjustmentoutsidethecover.

21.0CurrentTransformers

21.1Thecurrenttransformersshallbeofbarprimarywoundsecondarycastresin
typeandhaveashorttimewithstandratingequaltothatoftheassociated
switchgearforonesecond.Itshallbetheresponsibilityofthevendortoco
ordinatetheburdenoftheCTswiththeactualrequirementofrelays,
instruments,andleadsetc.,associatedwiththeparticularCTs.Theminimum
requirementshallbe5VAburden,accuracyclass1.0andaninstrumentsafety
factorof5.CTswith0.5/0.2accuracyclassshallbeprovided,wherever
specified.

21.2TheCTsshallbeprovidedwiththefollowing:
Testlinksinbothsecondaryleadstocarryoutphaseangleandcurrent
measurementtests.
EarthlinktowhichtheleadsoftheCTsshallbeconnectedsoastofacilitate
easymeasurementofInsulationResistanceoftheCTs.

22.0PotentialTransformer

22.1Thepotentialtransformershallbecastresininsulatedtype.InsulationofPT
shallbesuitableforunearthedsystem.Itshallbedrawouttypeandeasily
accessiblesothatthesamecanbeattendedtoorreplacedwhenthepanelsare
inservicecondition.ThePotentialtransformersshallbeofsinglephasetype,no
threephasetypeshallbeused.

22.2ThepotentialtransformersshallbeprotectedthroughHRCfusesonprimary
sideandMCBsonsecondaryside.Theyshallhaveratios,outputsandaccuracies
specified.

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23.0ControlTransformers

23.1InmainPCCpanelstwonumbersofcontroltransformerswithoneasstandby
shallbeprovided.TheratingofthesetransformersshallbesizedtofeedtoACB
closingcoils,ACBspringchargingmotorcoilandalsoforundervoltagerelease
oftheincomersandtiefeeders.Separatereducanttransformerswith
changeoverarrangementshallalsobeprovidedforfeedingtothecontroldevice
requirementsofthepanel,panelillumination.

23.2IncaseofMCCpanels,minimumtwo(2)numberscontroltransformers,with
oneasstandby,shallbeprovidedineachswitchboardformeetingcontroland
auxiliarysupplyrequirementoftheindividualmodules.Ratingofcontrol
transformershallbesizedtofeedallcontroldevicerequirementofpanel,panel
illuminationspaceheaterofmotorcircuits.

23.3ThetransformersshallbeprovidedwithindependentMCCB/SFUatprimary
witharrangementtoselectoneattime.Thetransformersshallbeadequately
sizedtodeliver240VAC.Supplyshallbeprotectedagainstshortcircuitsand
overloadsonprimaryaswellassecondaryside.Controltransformers,SFU,
selectorswitchesandcontactorsshallbesizedtofeedinstrumentloadsand
spaceheaters,asspecifiedtechnicalspecification.Thecontroltransformer
changeoverswitchesshallbeofdoormountedtype.Alsothecontrol
transformershallbesizedtofeedsinglephasemotorfeeders,wherever
specified

24.0PushButtons,ControlSwitchesandPilotLamps

24.1Thepushbuttonsshallbeofshroudedtypewithactuatorprovidedwith
escutcheonplatesmarkedwithitsfunctiononit.

24.2Controlswitchesshallbeoftheheavydutyrotarytypewithnameplatesclearly
markedtoshowtheoperation.Theyshallbesemiflushedmountingwithonly
thefrontplateandoperatinghandleprojecting.Circuitbreakercontrolswitches
shallbeofthespringreturntoneutraltype,whilelocal/remoteselector
switchesandinstrumentselectorswitchesshallbeofthestayputtype.

24.3TheindicatinglampsshallbeofclusterLEDtypeoflowwattconsumption.They
shallbeprovidedwithseriesresistors.

25.0Interconnections
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25.1Allswitchgearcubiclesshallbesuppliedcompletelywiredinternallyto
equipmentandterminalblocksandreadyforPURCHASER'sexternal
connectionsattheoutgoingterminalblocks.Interconnectionbetweenall
compartmentsandmarshallingcabinetsshallalsobecompleted.

25.2Thewiringshallbecompleteinallrespectssoastoensureproperfunctioning
ofcontrol,protectionandinterlockingschemes.

25.3Powerinterconnectionsinsidethepanelshallbedonewith650/1100Vgrade
singlecorePVCinsulatedcopperconductorupto63Ampsratingandabove63
Ampsratingbycopperflats.WherevercopperwithCopperdirtsaremadebi
metallicconnectors/contactorsshouldbeused.Controlwiringshallbedone
with650/1100VgradePVCsinglecorecopperconductorofminimumcross
section2.5Sq.mmforCTwiringand1.5Sq.mm.forothers.

25.4Thecablingchamberofadequatesizeforaccommodation,supportand
terminationofcoppercablesshallbeprovidedattherear.Facilitytoextend
cablingareabyadditionalcablechambershallbepreferred.

25.5Allwiringsandcablesattheterminationsattheswitchboardshallhavedistinct
markingbymeansofferruleswithletters/numeralsprintedcorrespondingto
thewiringdiagramtobefurnishedbythesuccessfulSUPPLIER.

26.0TerminalBlocks

26.1Theterminalblocksprovidedintheswitchboardshallbemountedvertically
nearthebottomsideofeachmoduleunit,inthecablechamberataslightly
upwardangle,toprovideclearandeasyaccesstotheterminals.

26.2Eachwireatterminalblocksshallbedistinctlyidentifiedwithappropriate
number/letterferrulesateachendinaccordancewiththeschematics.

26.3Wiringtothedoorshallbedonebyflexiblecableandthecablesshallbe
bunched,sleevedandcleatedsothatnomechanicaldamagecanoccurtothe
cableswhenthedoorswings.

26.4Notmorethan2wiresshallbeterminatedatonecontrolterminal.

26.5Allterminationsshallbeofadequatecurrentratingandsizetosuitindividual
feederrequirement.

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26.6Alltheterminationendsshallbeprovidedwithhardwareslikecadmiumcoated
bolts,nuts,springwashersandtwinbrasswashersof2mmthickandhavingan
equivalentcontactareaoftheterminatinglug.

26.7OutgoingpowerterminationsshallbedesignedforconnectingPVCcopper
cables.Suitableprovisionshallbemadeforterminationofhighersizecables.

26.8Eachcontrolterminalblockshallhave20%spareterminals.

26.9Intermodulewiringinthesamepanelshallbethroughverticalcablealley.

26.10Theratingoftheterminalblocksshallbeminimum10A.

26.11TerminalblocksforallCTconnectionstobeofslidingcontacttypesuitablefor
terminatingringtypesockets.

26.12Differentcolouredterminalblocksshallbeprovidedforvariousapplications
likeDI,DO,CT,PT,Power,Control,etc.

27.0NamePlate

Nameplateshallcontainalldetailsregardingthedrives/equipmentcontrolledby
theparticularmodule.

27.6Theswitchboardshallcarrythefollowingdistinctmarkings/nameplates.

Themanufacturers'name/brandname.
Themodulenos.withtheloaddesignationandratingofthemodulein
kW/Amps.
DangerboardsaspertheIECstandardsandasperstandardpractices27.1A
nameplatewiththeswitchgeardesignationshallbefixedatthetopofthe
centralpanel.

27.2Aseparatenameplategivingfeederdetailsshallbeprovidedforeach
compartment.Aseparatenameplategivingdetailsofbussectionshallalsobe
providedforswitchgearshavingmorethanonebussection.

27.3Nameplateshallbeprovidedforeachequipment(lamps,pushbuttons,
switches,relays,auxiliarycontactorsetc.mountedontheswitchboard.Special
warningplatesoneeachoneachfrontofashippingsectionshallbeprovidedon
removablecoversofdoorsgivingaccesstocableterminalsandbusbars.Special
warninglabelsshallbeprovidedinsidetheswitchboardalso,wherever
considerednecessary.Identificationtagsshallbeprovidedinsidethepanels
matchingwiththoseshownonthecircuitdiagram.
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27.4Reverseengravednameplatesmadeupofacrylicsheetsshallbeprovided.
Nameplatesshallbefastenedbyscrewsandnotbyadhesives.

27.5Thenameplatesforfeedercompartmentsshallbeintwoparts.Onepartshall
havenecessarydetailspertainingtotheswitchboard.Theotherpartsshallbe
removableand.

28.0Painting

28.1Allsheetsteelsurfacesshallbechemicallycleaned,degreasedandpickledin
acidtoproduceasmooth,cleansurfacefreeofscale,greaseandrust.After
cleaning,thesurfaceshallbegivenaphosphatecoatingfollowedbyacoatof
highqualityprimerandbakingintheoven.

28.2Aftertheinitialpreparationofthepanels,thefinalassemblyshallbespray
paintedwithtwocoatsoffinalpaint.PaintingprocessshallbewithSKPSgrey
colourprimerandtwocoatsofpolyurethane.Thecolourshadeofthefinalpaint
shallbeofpebblegrey,ShadeRAL7032withTextureFinish.

28.3Sufficientquantityoftouchuppaintshallbefurnishedforapplicationatsite.

29.0DrawingsandManual

29.1ThedrawingsandmanualshallbesubmittedaspertheListofDrawings/
Documentstobesubmitted.

30.0Tests

30.1SwitchgearassemblyshallbesubjectedtothetestsasperlatestrevisionofIS/
IECStandards.

30.2TheSUPPLIERshouldsubmitthefollowingtypetestcertificatesforhaving
carriedoutinthepast:

a.Heatruntestfor4000Arating.
b.Shortcircuittestfor50kArating.
c.Degreeofprotection

30.3TestCertificatesshallbesubmittedforthePURCHASERS/CONSULTANT's
approvalbeforedispatchoftheswitchgear.

30.4Allmajorcomponentsincorporatedintheswitchgear,suchascircuitbreakers,
shallhaveundergonetypetestsaspertheirrespectivestandards.
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