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Unit

1
Contents:
* Verb To be- Past
* Famous people
* Members of
family
* Using: Was born

Teaching English

YOUNG LEARNERS

Verb to be: present-past

am

You

are

You

He
She
It

student

He
She
It

is

were
student
was

We

We
You

was

student s

You

are

student s
were

They

They

1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form.


1-I _______ a student two years ago but now I ________ an engineer.
2-Tony ________ in the kitchen at present.
3-They _______ from Turkey.
4-The children __________ at the playground yesterday.
5-I ________ (-) at home last night.
6-Billy _________ in Paris last summer.
7-_________ it cold in Rome last month?
8-She _________ a beautiful actress.
9-What ________ the weather like last Monday?
10-There ________ (-) a good film tonight.
11-He ________ ten this year.
12-They __________ (-) in England in 1995.
13-Where _______ you last weekend?
14-Today the students _________ very sad.
15-________ it sunny yesterday?
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16-There _________ some flowers in the vase.


17-Hmm!! The food ________ delicious.
18-Ugh!!! The food ________(-) delicious, it ________ awful.
19-Who________ on the beach an hour ago?
20-When _______ the children in theatre?
21-There ________ any trees in the garden now.(-)
22- I ________ (-) busy at the moment.
23-He ________ very busy right now.
24-Look!! There _________ a car there.
25- Yesterday,Bob ________ (-) with me.

2. Choose the right answer:


1)It cloudy yesterday.

4)My father ..at work now.

a)is
b)was

a)is

c)were

b)was

d)are

c)were
d)are

2)It snowy today.


5)We in Paris last summer.
a)is
b)was

a)are

c)were

b)was

d)are

c)is
d)were

3)Sally ill last night.


6)The children at the park now.
a)is
b)was

a)is

c)were

b)was

d)are

c)were

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d)are

11)We at the party last Sunday.

8)I . a student.

a)am
b)was

a)is

c)were

b)was

d)is

c)am
d)were

12)My grandfather . 65 years old.

9)The students in the library one hour ago.


a)is
a)are

b)was

b)was

c)were

c)were

d)are

d)is
13)My grandfather .............very handsome in the
past.

10)The students in the class at the moment.

a)is

a)are

b)were

b)were

b)isnt

c)was

d)was

d)is

3. Complete the sentences inserting: was, were, was not, were not. You can use
contracted forms
1. _______ you at the park yesterday morning? No, we _______.We _______ at school?
2. Who _______ Peter waiting for? Peter? he _______ waiting for Jack.
3. She _______ very upset, but I dont know why.
4. They _______ very good boys, I can never forget them!
5. Who _______ the man shouting? He was
Marks father

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He was born

1. Complete the article with was or were

2. Complete the sentences with was or were, then answer them.

3. Match the questions with the answer

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4. WHO ARE THESE FAMOUS PEOPLE


Neil Armstrong

1930 in Ohio - an astronaut


Amy Winehouse

Lady Diana

Beethoven

1961 in England

1770 in Germany

a princess

a composer

Nelson Mandela

Victor Hugo

1918
1983 in London a singer

the first black president in

1802 in Besanon

South Africa

a writer

Neil Armstrong was born


in Ohio in 1930. He was
an astronaut

________________________
________________________
________________________

________________________
________________________
________________________

________________________
________________________
________________________

________________________
________________________
________________________

________________________
________________________
________________________

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My Family

MOTHER GRANDFATHER -FATHER SISTER ME BROTHER GRANDMOTHER

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I was born

1. Answer these questions, complete the chart.


Who was Hebe Camargo?

Name: Hebe Maria Monteiro de


Camargo
Born: March, 8th ,1929
Tv presenter, actress

________________________________________
When was she Born?
_________________________________________

When was Michael Jackson Born?

Name:Michael Joseph
Jackson
Born: August, 29th , 1958
Singer

____________________________________________
Who was he?
___________________________________________

When was Amy Winehouse born ?


____________________________________________

Name : Amy Jade


Winehouse
Born: September 14th ,
1983
Singer, songwriter

Who was she?


___________________________________________

When was Franciso Anysio born?


____________________________________________
Who was he?
___________________________________________

Name: Francisco Anysio


de Oliveira
Born: Maranguape, April,
12th , 1931
Comedian, actor

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2. Read the dialogue:


Pedro and Eduarda are talking about famous people.
Pedro: What are you reading, Eduarda?
Eduarda: Its a Literature book? Im reading about Guimares

Rosa.

Pedro: Who was he?


Eduarda: He was a writer. He was born in my town, Cordisburgo,
June, 27th ,1908.
Pedro: Cool In my town had an important person , too.
Eduarda: Who?
Pedro: Clara Nunes.
Eduarda: Was she a writer, too?
Pedro: No, she wasnt. She was a singer.
Eduarda: When was she born?
Pedro: She was born in August, 12th , 1942 in Caetanpolis.
I love her songs.

Match the sentences and the personalities:


(1) Clara Nunes

(2) Guimares Rosa (

) was born in 1942.


) was a writer.

) was born in Cordisburgo.

) was a singer.

Teaching English

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Unit
2
Contents:
* Past simpleRegular Verbs
* Ruler: ED
* Affirmative
sentences

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Past simple regular verbs

1. Write in the past simple

1 play

Warn _________________

played

2 watch

Wash _________________

3 wash

Try _____________________

4 live

Turn ____________________

5 carry

Question ________________

6 try

Observe _________________

7 clap

Need __________________

8 stop

Live _____________________

9 cry

Laugh __________________

10 work

Kill ______________________

11 tidy

she

12 plan

he

Kiss _____________________
24)

Invite

13 like she
14 stay

he

15 dance

they

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Change the verbs to past simple:

1. cry:

16.

shop:

2. try:

17.

paint:

3. end:

18.

study:

4. carry:

19.

answer:

5. study:

20.

die:

6. wash:

21.

clean:

7. call:

22.

rob:

8. change:

23.

want:

9. walk:

24.

ask:

10.

ad:

25.

dry:

11.

spill:

26.

plan:

12.

visit:

27.

use:

13.

save:

28.

play:

14.

push:

29.

listen:

15.

copy:

30.

finish:

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Past simple
affirmative sentences

Change the verbs in parenthesis to past simple.


1.

Martin ____________ (live) in Copenhagen several years ago.

2.

We __________ (walk) to school this morning.

3.

Brad and Lana ______________ (study) very hard for the exam.

4.

They _____________ (answer) the phone last night.

5.

Tracy ____________ (drop) her glass and ____________ (spill) juice on the
floor.

6.

The doctor ______________ (carry) the patient to his bed.

7.

Mozart ___________ (die) in 1791.

8.

He ____________ (compose) over 600 works.

9.

The composer _____________ (travel) to many countries.

10. Mozart _______________ (play) the piano very well.


11. Martin Luther King, Jr., ______________ (receive) the Nobel Peace Prize in
1964.
12. My clothes _____________ (dry) slowly.
13. Sharon ___________ (visit) her friend.
14. The robber _______________ (rob) a bank.
15. The police _______________ (follow) the robber to his house.
16. I ____________ (try) to answer all the questions.
17. The family ________________ (plan) the whole trip.
18. You __________ (finish) the exercise.

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Put the words in the right order.


1 started / at 7 / the game.
The game started at 7.
2 watched / they / 2010 / last night
_____________________________________
3 we / at the hotel / stayed / for two days

4 he / to cheer her up / tried


_____
5 visited / she / her grandma / yesterday

6 in 1983 / they / in Rome / lived

7 they / all the windows / opened

8 Mr Jones / his car / yesterday / washed

9 she / her mum / make lunch / helped / yesterday

10 the concert / at midnight / finished


______
11 she / for half an hour / danced

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Unit
3
Contents:
* Past simpleirregular Verbs
* Auxiliary: did
* Affirmative,
negative and
interrogative
sentences.

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Past simple
Irregular verbs

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Past simple
Auxiliary did

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Past simple
Sentences
A. Ask and give short answers.
1. _______ you like the film?
Yes, I _______.
2. _______ they solve the
problems?
No, they _______.
3. _______ he eat the apple?
Yes, he _______.
4. _______ she know you?
No, she _______.
5. _______ you write a letter?
No, I _______.
6. _______ Arthur live in Camelot?
Yes, he _______.
7. _______ Merlin help Arthur?
Yes, he _______.
8. _______ Aimee and Carla want
it?
No, they _______.
9. _______ your father go to work?
Yes, he _______.
10. _______ the children drink milk?
Yes, they _______.
11. _______ he take notes?
Yes, he _______.

B.

Choose the best one.


1. George didnt wanted / didnt want to be a doctor.
2. Did you help / You did help your mother?
3. We did not understand / didnt understood you.
4. Did he paint / He painted the fences?
5. I did finish / didnt finish my homework.
6. Did she called / She didnt call me.
7. The gardener water didnt / didnt water the flowers.
8. The students did solve / Did students solve the questions?
9. Wilma did not go / did go to shopping.

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10. You did wear / Did you wear a coat?


11. Fernando did missed / didnt miss the bus.
12. Did your aunt visit / Did visit your aunt you?
13. My brother did not watch / did watch not TV.

14. I did answer / didnt answer all the questions.


D. Turn the sentences into Negative and Question.
1. Rafael bought a new car.

(?)

_______________________________________________

2. Susie had a shower.

(?)

_______________________________________________

3. Martin flew to London.

(-)

_______________________________________________

4. It drank the milk.

(?)

_______________________________________________

5. Fiona kissed Shrek.

(?)

_______________________________________________

6. Tom fell asleep.

(-)

_______________________________________________

7. Students made noise.

(-)

_______________________________________________

8. He cut the grasses.

(?)

_______________________________________________

9. I combed my hair.

(-)

_______________________________________________

10. Estella ate a hamburger.

(?)

_______________________________________________

11. We missed the bus.

(-)

_______________________________________________

12. They ordered a pizza.

(?)

_______________________________________________

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Unit
4
Contents:
* Past simple- whquestion
* Past continous
* Adding:Ing

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Past simple
Wh-questions

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Where did he live?


He lived at 34 Park Road

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Past continuous

1. Look at the picture and write sentences

Helen

David

Tom

Sam
Alan

Mary

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Bridget

1. David and Helen / play / tennis


_______________________________________
2. Mary / lie / on the grass
_______________________________________
3. The birds / fly
_______________________________________
4. Tom and Bridget / sit / under a tree
_______________________________________
5. Sam / write / his diary
_______________________________________
6. Alan / listen to music
_______________________________________
7. The dog / play / with a shoe
_______________________________________

Write true or false


1. Four people were sitting or lying on the grass.
2. A boy was climbing a tree.
3. Two people were sleeping.
4. Three people were doing sport.
5. A duck was swimming in the pond.
6. Two people were wearing sunglasses.
7. All the birds were singing.

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Unit
5
Contents:
* Past continuous:
affirmative
sentences.
* Yes-No questions
* Past continuous:
wh questions

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Past continuous
sentences
1. Complete with the correct form

2. Write

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3. Look at the chart and correct the sentences

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4. Complete each sentences and answer the questions

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Past continuous
Wh-questions

Answer the questions


1. Was Paul riding a bike?

___________________________________________

What was he doing?

___________________________________________

2. Was Ted surfing the net?

___________________________________________

What was he doing?

___________________________________________

3. Was Cynthia playing with the dog?


What was she doing?
4. Was Mrs. Smith cleaning the house?
What was she doing?
5. What were the boys doing?

___________________________________________
___________________________________________
________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________

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6. What were the boy and the girl doing?

___________________________________________

7. Was Mr. Smith swimming?

___________________________________________

What was he doing?


8. What were the girls doing?
Were the children playing basketball?

___________________________________________
___________________________________________
___________________________________________

9. What were they doing?

___________________________________________

10. What was the girl painting?

___________________________________________

Answer the questions

a. What was doing Julie? ____________________________________________


b. What was doing Ann? ____________________________________________
c. What was doing Alison? ____________________________________________
d. What was doing George? ____________________________________________
e. What was doing Sue? ____________________________________________
f. Was Caroline watching TV?_______________________
g. Were the family playing football? ___________________
h. Was Rick walking? ______________

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Unit
6
Contents:
* Present perfect.
* Regular and
Irregular verbs.
* Auxiliary: have
and has

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Present perfect

1. Write the past partiple


1) Do

2. Write have or has

______________
1) I

2) Make ____________

________

3) Go ______________

2) My mother ______

4) See ____________

3) Kerem ______

5) Be _____________
4) Ahmet and Su ________

6) Have _____________
7) Swim ____________

5) Our teacher ________

8) Eat ____________

6) They _________

9) Drink _____________
7) My cat ________

10) Sleep _____________


11) Leave ____________

8) Derya ________

12) Come ____________

9) The house _______

13) Put ___________


10) Our garden ________

14) Read ____________


15) Write ________________

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Put the verbs in brackets into present perfect.


1)

Ammy ___________ ( finish ) her homework.

2)

We ____________ ( wait) for the bus.

3)

My father _________ ( repair ) the car.

4)

My little brother _________ ___ ( break ) his arm.

5)

The bus ________ ( arrive ).

6)

Our neighbours ______________ ( paint ) their house.

7)

We ______________ ( not-play) computer games.

8)

My sister ______________

( not-swim ) in the swimming pool.


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9)

Murat ______________ ( go ) out with his friends.

10)

My best friend _____________ ( call) me to go out.

11)

Serdar ______________ ( not-fail) the exam.

12)

Mehmet _____________ ( feed) the cat.

13)

I ______________ ( not-write) a letter to my friend.

14)

Muhammet ________ ( play ) football.

Rewrite the sentences.


1)

My sister has done the shopping.

(?)
2)

_________________________________

Melek and Ali have washed the dishes.

(-)

3)

_________________________________

Our car has broken down.

(?)

4)

__________________________________

My sister has been a doctor.

(?)

5)

___________________________________

The little girl has picked up flowers.

(-)

6)

__________________________________

Kerem has finished his homework.

(?)

7)

_________________________________

I have given up smoking.

(-)

8)

________________________________

She has visited her grandmother.

(-)

9)

________________________________

We have prepared the table.

(?)

10)

___________________________________

They have typed the letters.

(-)

__________________________________

Complete the sentences with has, hasnt, have and havent


A.

My uncle ______________ seen a film. I told him he should go.

B.

The visitor ______________ just left for the airport.

C.

Those beautiful girls _____________ arrived from Italy.

D.

They ___________________ read this book three times.


Make sentences

a.

Shakira/ sell over 60 million albums worldwide

_________________________________________________
b.

Gaston Acurio/ become an ambassador of Peruvian cuisine

________________________________________________

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Write the correct verbs

1. The blue cat

(take) a hose.

2. The red cat

(find) the dog's bowl.

3. Somebody

(throw) an airplane onto the roof.

4. An owl

(sit) onto the fence.

5. Someone

(open) the window.

6. Someone

(trow) a ball onto the roof.

7. A squirrel and a bird

(sit) onto the roof.

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Unit
7
Contents:
*Have you ever?
* Answer:yes or no
* Sentences

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Have you ever?

1. Complete each sentence with the correct form of the verb

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2.

Answer the questions

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Write Present Perfect questions with


the help of verbs and the pictures.
Then add two of your own questions.
Finally make an interview with your
partner.

1. be have you ever been to USA?


No, I havent
2. eat _______________________
__________________________
3. teach to speak ______________
__________________________
4. take for a walk _____________
__________________________
5. break _____________________
__________________________
6. sleep _____________________
__________________________
7. drink _____________________
__________________________
8. see _______________________
__________________________
9. read about ________________
__________________________
10. meet _____________________
__________________________
11. find ______________________
__________________________
12. kiss ______________________
__________________________

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Unit
8
Contents:
* Present perfect:
Wh questions
* Present perfect:
Short form

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Wh-questions

WRITE QUESTIONS
Use: How long/ What / Where/ How many / When / Who .
1. Where have you studied English?

1. I have studied English at school

2. ..

2. Youve sang 10 songs

3. ..

3. Ive lost my keys

4. ..

4. She s been in Canada

5. ..

5. Theyve been here for four hours

6. ..

6. Youve visited your grandparents on Sundays

7. ..

7. They ve cooked their lunch

8. ..

8. Youve never visited Barcelone

9. ..

9. They have played in the park

10. ..

10. My brother has worked in a restaurant

11. ..

11. It has snowed this winter very much

12. ..

12. They have lived in Paris

13. ..

13. Joan has phoned Maria

14. ..

14. I has studied the Present perfect at school

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3. Write short answers

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4. Write the short form: Ive or Hes

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Unit
9
Contents:
* For and since
* False cognates

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For and since

Since: starting point. Ex. Since 1980, since January


For: duration. Ex. For 2 days, for ages, for six years
Theyve been working ______five or six hours.
For: duration. Ex. For 2 days, for ages, for six years

2- Nobody has come to see us _______we bought this small house.


3- She has been a doctor __________1998
4- Nobody has seen her ___________then.
5- They have all been ill __________the last week.
6- My father has been talking to them in that room ________six or seven hours. .
8- Peter went to the library. He has studied there _____a long time.
9- It has been very foggy ____early morning.
10- Ive worked with you _____nine years.
11- I have tried to finish this letter ______the last half an hour.
12- He has been in prison _____two years.
13- Shes worked in that office _____a month.
14- He hasnt eaten anything _____twenty-four hours.
15- He hasnt eaten anything _____yesterday.
16- They hasnt spoken to us ______we were at school.
17- I havent talked to her _____my birthday.
18- Shes been ill ____years.
19- Ive been very patient with you __________several years.
25- Ive known her ________ages.
26- Ive known her _____we were students.
27- They have lived here ________1997
28- We have been there ________October
29- I have been a vegetarian _______1998
30- I have lived in this flat ________five years.

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Fill in SINCE or FOR.


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

_____ Easter
_____ last summer
_____ two weeks
_____ my birthday
_____ 1995
_____ three days
_____ my childhood
_____ a few minutes
_____ as long as I can remember
_____ ten years
_____ I was young
_____ 1st April

Write for or since.


1. Rachel has been in Braz il ____________ Monday.
2. Rachel has been in Brazil ____________ three days.
3. My aunt has lived in Australia ____________ 15 years.
4. Jennifer is in her office. She has been there ____________ 7 oclock.
5. Mexico has been an independent country ____________ 1821.
6. The bus is late. Weve been waiting ____________ 20 minutes.
7. Nobody lives in those houses. They have been empty ____________ many years.
8. Luis has been sick ____________ a long time. He has been in the hospital
____________ October.

Choose the best answer.


1 - FOR / SINCE six weeks.
2 - FOR / SINCE Sunday.
3 - FOR / SINCE this morning.
4 - FOR / SINCE a long time.
5 - FOR / SINCE breakfast time.
6 - FOR / SINCE 1967.

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False cognates

Dear, Paul
I am sorry for not writing before but I have been very busy. I have spent all the week at
the library studying for my final exams, and I havent finished yet. All the students have
finish their final projects except me! Besides, I have been very nervous because I have
so prepare many things for my graduation party, and last week a terrible thing
happened: I want to look very attractive at the party so I went to a department store
with my friend Angie to buy a dress and a pair of shoes. I put the dress and shoes on
to see if I liked them. Then, I took the dress off and paid for it, but I forgot to take the
shoes off. When I was walking out of the store, a policeman stopped me and asked:
have you paid for those shoes, Miss? I was really embarrassed when I realized I was
wearing the shoes. I explained everything to the policeman. Well, I have to go now,
write soon
Your friend,
Brenda.

Write the letter above and write the underline words in the correct column.
Cognates

False cognates

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Hi Daniela.
Whats up? Ive just realized its already May. I havent heard from your since
December! I have waited for your news for four months. Maybe you dont like writing, I
understand. Actually, I hate writing, too! Why dont you send me an e-mail? I asked
Satsu about you, but she only said you are OK.
Please get in touch with me again soon. I want to hear about what you are doing.
Kurt

Write the words the correct column in the chart.


Cognate

False Cognate

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