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# SYDE 252 Linear Systems and Signals Fall 2007

## Teaching Assistants: Di Zhang d2zhang@engmail

Yanhui Bai yhbai@engmail
Xianghai Wu x9wu@engmail
TA Office Hours E2-1303C

## Text: Signals and Systems, Second Edition; Oppenheim, Willsky, with

Nawab; Prentice-Hall, 1997.

Course Notes: SYDE 252 Linear Signals and Systems, available in the book store.

## Tutorial: Thursday 11:30-12:20, E2-1303A

Quizzes: Oct 11 and Nov 8, 7-9 pm, E2-1303 A&B, 20% each

## Exam: Exam period, 60%

Structure:

This course deals with a number of important new concepts. It builds on the basic
mathematics courses of your first three terms to develop a foundation for the analysis and design of
engineering systems. It is important not only to understand the concepts but also to be able to
apply them in modeling and problem solving contexts. I believe the best way for you to learn and
be able to use this material is to get as much first-hand, active experience with it as possible. To
that end, each class will be a combination of lecture segments and tutorial in a sort of
workshop/problem solving session. I will the use the lecture segments to introduce the ideas and
set up the problems. You will then have the opportunity to work in class in small groups to explore
the ideas and solve the problems in a setting where you can get immediate help and feedback from
me and/or the TAs as needed. Of course, additional problems from the text, as listed in the course
notes, should be done as homework to further reinforce the material. You will benefit most from
the class sessions by having read the relevant sections of the text as well as the course notes for
each class in advance.

## Strategy for success:

1. Read the assigned pages in the text and look over the course notes for the session
before coming to class.

2. Participate actively in the class session, doing and discussing the in-class exercises.

3. Do the recommended problems after each session, before the next class.
SYDE 252, Linear Systems and Signals, is an introduction to the representation, analysis, and
design of linear continuous and discrete systems and signals. In the time domain, linear systems
are characterized by their impulse response and the convolution integral or sum. Linear differential
and difference equations are explicitly solved to obtain the impulse response. Recognizing complex
exponentials as eigenfunctions of linear systems, the Fourier transform is introduced, and the
frequency domain representation is developed and explored. The ideas of filtering, sampling and
modulation are introduced. The sampling theorem makes the bridge between continuous and
discrete time systems. The system frequency response provides a connection between the time
domain description and the linear differential or difference equation model for which physical
realizations are presented. The bilateral Laplace and Z Transforms are presented as
generalizations of the Fourier Transform. The resulting system transfer functions and pole zero
plots in the complex s and z planes are introduced to provide a powerful systems analysis and
design framework for linear time invariant systems.

## 1. Introduction, definitions of signals and systems.

2. Basic periodic signals: sinusoids, complex exponentials.
3. Basic transient signals: singularity functions.
4. System properties: memory, causality, invertibility, stability, time invariance, and linearity.
5. Discrete linear time invariant systems, impulse response and convolution.
6. Continuous linear time invariant systems.
7. Impulse response and system properties.
8. Continuous linear systems, linear differential equations and the impulse response.
9. Discrete linear systems, linear difference equations and the impulse response.
10. System realizations, block diagrams.
11. Singularity functions.
12. Time domain analysis review.
13. LTI systems in the frequency domain.
14. Fourier series representation.
15. The Fourier transform, examples and properties of frequency domain representations.
16. Fourier transform of periodic signals.
17. Using the Fourier transform.
18. A Systems framework: relating time and frequency domain representations.
19. The modulation property.
20. Sampling: from continuous to discrete and back again.
21. The sampling theorem.
22. Frequency domain analysis review.
23. Discrete frequency domain representations.
24. Discrete frequency domain, continued.
25. The discrete time Fourier transform.
26. The discrete time Fourier transform, continued.
27. Laplace transform and continuous systems.
28. Laplace transform, continued.
29. The system transfer function.
30. The Z transform and discrete systems.
31. Z transform, continued.
32. Discrete system transfer function.
33. System transfer functions review.