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Policy Proposal Template

Brief description
This document is intended to help your group expedite the process of transferring ideas to
actionable proposals. Rather than having you spend your time writing inspiring prose to justify
your position, we want to focus on the essential components of your policy proposal: specific
actions, cost/savings, expected positive/negative impacts. These components will be what your
group uses in negotiations during the compromise phase of the week. If your group has any
questions about what is expected in your proposal, ask your policy coach.

Group Information
Policy Topic: Immigration
Group Members: Mikyla Denney, Omoleso Ogunnowo, Tiera Powell, Kelly Rimar, Jalen
Stevenson
Coach:Nate Kratzer
Group Principles: (embolden the group you represent)
Group 1

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Group 2

Broad role for federal government solutions

Free market solutions

Redistributive policies

Prefers local governance

Robust public investment

Spending restraint

Equal opportunity and outcome

Equal opportunity and meritocratic

List all current issues in the policy area your group has identified and chosen to address
in your proposal.
Legal Immigration
Illegal Immigration
Guest Worker Programs
Refugees
Process for security screening of immigration

Component 1

Statement: (In a sentence, what is the end goal?) The United States should grant more
immigrant visas to unskilled workers.
Briefly explain why the status quo is problematic and warrants reform.
The US allows 135,000 skilled and educated immigrants into the country (American
Immigration Council). However, there are only visas for 5,000 unskilled laborers. Therefore,
those that really need the help and opportunity to work have a more difficult time getting visas
and coming to the US legally.

Implementation Elements (What specifically must occur to achieve this?)


Redistribution of visas for skilled workers from 135,000 to 70,000

Briefly explain how this aligns with your groups principles.


Our group focuses on equal opportunity and outcome. Therefore we believe that expanding the
pool of immigrants to include as many different people from as many different backgrounds as
possible. For example, many of these skilled workers are coming from more developed
countries such as Europe. This policy would provide immigrants from less developed countries
the same opportunities to come to the United States. This policy is important in providing equal
opportunity to everyone from the world.
What is the expected economic and/or societal impact of this component?
The United States will receive more workers who are willing to do less sought after jobs and
they will drive the standard of living up, despite what many people think. Economically there is a
net gain in accepting immigrants to the US. They pay more in taxes than it costs to support
them (Das, 2016). These workers will also be paying taxes, adding to the nations

Negotiation Preparation
(Organize elements of your proposal into any of the three categories below. Carefully consider
the opposing groups perspective. Determine what are the most important elements and what
your group is willing to bargain over to get those achieved. Establishing some common ground
elements may help negotiations.)
Dealbreakers
Cutting unskilled
work visas.

Areas for compromise


The number of work visas
allowed.

Initial common ground


Support less educated low-skilled
workers.

Financials (As much of a line item budget your group can develop the better. Rather than
eliminating the entire component over total cost/savings, your opposing group may be willing to
accept a revised version with a different price tag.)

Element

Cost/Savings

Redistributing $1 billion from Immigration and Customs Enforcement.

----------------------

If the component has a positive cost, how will it be funded? If the component results in a
spending reduction, how will the excess funds be used and why is that better than their
original use?

Component 2
1. Illegal immigration Both what should be done with migrants already in the U.S.
(including children there have been a number of policy proposals surrounding child
migrants in recent years) and what should be done concerning future migrants.

Statement: (In a sentence, what is the end goal?)


Granting amnesty , lowering the application fee for citizenship and developing an expedited
pathway to citizenship.

Briefly explain why the status quo is problematic and warrants reform.
Immigrating to the U.S. is an extremely expensive and cost prohibitive process. It costs $680 for
the application alone, and the process often involves other expenses including lawyer fees.
Many of those who immigrate to the U.S. lack resources, therefore paying such a big amount
just to come to the United States further complicates the process. Time is an important resource
as well, it can take up to a decade for someone to earn their citizenship.

Implementation Elements (What specifically must occur to achieve this?)


Granting amnesty for those living illegally in the U.S.
Cut application fee to $250.00
Expand USCIS (U.S citizenship and immigrant services) by hiring more people, to expedite and
enhance the review of applications
Briefly explain how this aligns with your groups principles.
By helping illegal immigrants we promote equal rights and allow immigrants from poverty
stricken countries to come to America.
What is the expected economic and/or societal impact of this component?
Negotiation Preparation

(Organize elements of your proposal into any of the three categories below. Carefully consider
the opposing groups perspective. Determine what are the most important elements and what
your group is willing to bargain over to get those achieved. Establishing some common ground
elements may help negotiations.)
Dealbreakers

Areas for compromise

Initial common ground

No more than $350

Will to meet in the middle

create a reasonable cost for the


citizenship application

Disagreeing to hire
more people for
USCIS.

Reorganizing of agency on
application process

Make a way to create a faster


process of applications.

Financials (As much of a line item budget your group can develop the better. Rather than
eliminating the entire component over total cost/savings, your opposing group may be willing to
accept a revised version with a different price tag.)
Element

Cost/Savings

Redistributing the $1billion from Immigration and Customs


Enforcement

----------------------------

If the component has a positive cost, how will it be funded? If the component results in a
spending reduction, how will the excess funds be used and why is that better than their
original use?

Component 3
Statement: (In a sentence, what is the end goal?)
The goal is to reposition the immigrants, that are burdened with inhumane and underpaying jobs, to the
section of the job market that is in need of employees. That all immigrants that are already located in the
United States to be granted citizenship, and to remedy the current situation that is poisoning the economy.
In hope to creating a long term solution, to make a organic program that can be flexible in these times of
uncertainty. Hopefully this program can create more opportunities for future immigrants to achieve
permanent visas.
Briefly explain why the status quo is problematic and warrants reform.
Workers with less than a bachelor's degree that participate in the current guest worker programs have
very little chance to gain permanent visas. They are appointed to jobs that are seasonal( mainly farmers
The current situation is that immigrants work jobs for very little money, because of the fear of
deportation. This hurts parities on both sides. The jobs that could go to U.S. citizens are now occupied by
immigrants who work virtually nothing. Both sides are continuing to get poorer and poorer. Also given
that the immigrants make up for 11% of the United States G.D.P.(1.9 trillion dollars), deportation can

only have a counter-productive effect on the economy. Also, the higher skilled workers( H-1B) are the
ones receiving a majority of opportunities to apply and receive permanent visas vs the lesser educated
immigrants(H-2A and H-2B).

Implementation Elements (What specifically must occur to achieve this?)


Immigrants must be given citizenship so they can no longer be forced to accept jobs for lower
pay out of fear of deportation.
Immigrants can be placed into sections of the job market that are in need of employees. By
giving them these two things it can take away the leverage businesses have and will grant the
immigrant all rights that U.S. citizens have.
Briefly explain how this aligns with your groups principles.
The group is more of a liberal. So we believe in a more humanitarian approach in issues that pertain to
any individual who is being exploited just as the immigrants here are.
What is the expected economic and/or societal impact of this component?
This can benefit the economy by allowing the current laborers to continue to add to the G.D.P. and to also
fill jobs that are in need of workers. This can also give U.S. citizens to reclaim the jobs that the
immigrants once had. This will provide both sides with jobs. Also, it will help the immigrant population
to become more stable and allow them avenues to healthcare and other aids, that are reserved to U.S.
citizens.
Negotiation Preparation
(Organize elements of your proposal into any of the three categories below. Carefully consider
the opposing groups perspective. Determine what are the most important elements and what
your group is willing to bargain over to get those achieved. Establishing some common ground
elements may help negotiations.)
Dealbreakers

Areas for compromise

Any notion that


Investment in N.G.Os to allow
suggest to use
immigrants to create a stable
cheat labor. And any economy in their homeland
notion to not
supervise
businesses to make
sure they dont
abuse and exploit
their workers.

Initial common ground


Create a long term solution to
create an avenue for immigrants to
build a better way of living which
will result in an increase wages
and employment.

Financials (As much of a line item budget your group can develop the better. Rather than
eliminating the entire component over total cost/savings, your opposing group may be willing to
accept a revised version with a different price tag.)
Element

Cost/Savings

The program for immigrants will be funded with the money that will
become available after the budget cuts from Immigration and Customs
Enforcement.

If the component has a positive cost, how will it be funded? If the component results in a
spending reduction, how will the excess funds be used and why is that better than their
original use?

Component 4
Statement: (In a sentence, what is the end goal?)
Raise the ceiling on refugees admitted to the United States to 120,000, and expand the Office of
Refugee Resettlement to accommodate and support those fleeing dangerous regions.
Briefly explain why the status quo is problematic and warrants reform.
The UN Refugee Agency estimates that in 2015, there were 21.3 million refugees in need
worldwide (Global Trends 2015). In 2015, the U.S. accepted about 70,000 refugees from
countries around the world, many escaping violent conflict and oppressive regimes (U.S.
Department of State). Many of those seeking safety in countries other than their own are
denied, and without reasonable alternatives. The United States must renew its commitment to
supporting and protecting those who face persecution.

Implementation Elements (What specifically must occur to achieve this?)


In consultation with Congress, the President must raise the cap on refugees accepted into the
United States
Partial redirection of funding for Immigration and Customs Enforcement ($6 billion in 2013) to
the Office of Resettling Refugees which provides assistance and connects refugees with
supportive services
Briefly explain how this aligns with your groups principles.
The federal government has the capacity to respond to the growing refugee crisis, and doing so
involves redistributive policies which represent the needs and interests of the vulnerable refugee
population. In raising the cap on refugees allowed into the U.S. each year, and expanding the
Office of Resettling Refugees the United States may enhance human rights and promote equal
opportunity.
What is the expected economic and/or societal impact of this component?

Studies suggest that wages and employment are positively impacted when refugees resettle
within a community (Das, 2016). Further, in accepting and supporting refugees, the U.S. can
dramatically advance human rights and promote a more equal society.
Negotiation Preparation

(Organize elements of your proposal into any of the three categories below. Carefully consider
the opposing groups perspective. Determine what are the most important elements and what
your group is willing to bargain over to get those achieved. Establishing some common ground
elements may help negotiations.)
Dealbreakers
Further restrictions
on refugees allowed
into the U.S. (below
2015 number)

Areas for compromise


Number of refugees allowed into
the United States (120,000 is
flexible)

Initial common ground


Protecting vulnerable populations
against persecution and violence
Definition of refugee

Any cut in funding to Size of expansion and amount


the Office of
redirected from Immigration and
Resettling Refugees Customs and Enforcement to
Office of Resettling Refugees

Supporting refugees who relocate


to the U.S. and aiding in their
success in the United States

Financials (As much of a line item budget your group can develop the better. Rather than
eliminating the entire component over total cost/savings, your opposing group may be willing to
accept a revised version with a different price tag.)
Element

Cost/Savings

Redistributing $1 billion from Immigration and Customs Enforcement


to the Office of Resettling Refugees

--------------------------

**We are not proposing raising revenue to fund the expansion of the Office of Resettling
Refugees. Rather, we propose that $1 billion be redirected from funding for Immigration and
Customs Enforcement to the ORR.
If the component has a positive cost, how will it be funded? If the component results in a
spending reduction, how will the excess funds be used and why is that better than their
original use?
Component 5
Statement: (In a sentence, what is the end goal?). Non-discriminatory policies must be in place
in the security screening for immigrants. There should be no forms of discrimination or bias
based on sex, national origin, race or color, religion and family status and these biases must be
eliminated during the security screening process of immigrants.

Briefly explain why the status quo is problematic and warrants reform.
Muslims are discriminated against based on the current situation in the world and this should
not be the case. Non-discriminatory security checks towards immigrants will create equal
opportunity for them to enter the country.
Implementation Elements (What specifically must occur to achieve this?)

Creating an organization within the Department of Homeland Security to ensure that


immigrants are not discriminated against.

Briefly explain how this aligns with your groups principles.


Discrimination against immigrants should not be tolerated. By eliminating bias, the US would
create equal opportunity and outcome for immigrants coming into the US.
What is the expected economic and/or societal impact of this component?
Discrimination and bias against immigrants in general creates stereotypes which causes
individuals to perceive that the absence of this immigrants will create a better and safer society
but that cannot be proven because there are over 14% immigrants in the US and the country
has experienced no attacks from them. Economically there is a net gain in accepting immigrants
to the US. They pay more in taxes than it costs to support them (Das, 2016).

Negotiation Preparation
(Organize elements of your proposal into any of the three categories below. Carefully consider
the opposing groups perspective. Determine what are the most important elements and what
your group is willing to bargain over to get those achieved. Establishing some common ground
elements may help negotiations.)
Dealbreakers
The US government
should not racially
profile muslims and
immigrants and
cannot specifically
target a certain
group of people in
their security
screening process.

Areas for compromise


Proposing new ways to screen
potential terrorists based on
criminal background records or
terrorist affiliations.

Initial common ground


Immigrants must be given equal
opportunities to succeed either at
employment or educational levels
in order to contribute significant
success to the US economy.

Financials (As much of a line item budget your group can develop the better. Rather than
eliminating the entire component over total cost/savings, your opposing group may be willing to
accept a revised version with a different price tag.)
Element
Create an organization which will be affiliated with the Department of
Homeland Security and the FBI in order to regulate those who screen
immigrants to ensure non-discriminatory policies

Cost/Savings
$1billion budget
should be assigned
to the organization.

** **We are not proposing raising revenue to fund the oversight organization. Rather, we
propose that $1 billion be redirected from funding for Immigration and Customs Enforcement to
the organization.
If the component has a positive cost, how will it be funded? If the component results in a
spending reduction, how will the excess funds be used and why is that better than their
original use?