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Winter Term 2015/16

Migration and Political Theory
Lecturer: Dr. Oliviero Angeli
Student Assistant: Fabian Hvel
Tuesday 2.50 4.20 p.m.
Merkelbau Room 03 (MER/03)
Office hours: Wednesday 14:00 15:00 (von-Gerber-Bau Raum 226)
Schedule and texts can be downloaded from OPAL.
Requirements for the award of credits:
1. Regular attendance and active participation. Intensive reading of the assigned literature is mandatory!
The overall success of the seminar depends on the willingness of the participants to read closely and
critically the assigned texts.
2. Participants should be able to answer the Reading Questions (see below). Answers to the reading
questions will be discussed in class.
Reading list:
Blake, Michael, 2003, Immigration, in A Companion to Applied Ethics, R. Frey and C. Wellman (eds.),
Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 224237.
Carens, Joseph, 2013, The Ethics of Immigration. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Seglow, Jonathan, 2005, The Ethics of Immigration, Political Studies Review 3: 317-34.
Wellman, Christopher Heath (2010): Immigration. In: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Wellman, Christopher Heath/Cole, Phillip, 2011, Debating the Ethics of Immigration. Is There a Right to
Exclude? Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Selected overview literature:
Betts, Alexander, 2011. Global Migration Governance, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Boswell, Christina and Geddes, Andrew, 2011, Migration and Mobility in the European Union, London:
Palgrave Macmillan.
Castles, Steven, de Haas, Hein, and Miller, Mark, 2014. The Age of Migration: International Population
Movements in the Modern World, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Fisher, Michael H., 2014, Migration: A World History, Oxford: Oxford University.
Guiraudon, Virginie and Christian Joppke, 2001. Controlling a New Migration World, London: Routledge.
Hollifield, James et al. 2014. Controlling Immigration: A Global Perspective, Stanford, California:
Stanford University Press.
King, Russell et al., 2010. The Atlas of Human Migration. Global Patterns of People on the Move.
London: Earthscan.
Koser, Khalid, 2007. International migration: A very short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Moses, Jonathan, 2006. International Migration: Globalisations Last Frontier , London: Zed Books.

Further literature (in a more journalistic style):

Collier, Paul, 2013. Exodus: Immigration and Multiculturalism in the 21st Century. London: Penguin.
Goldin, Ian, Cameron, Geoffrey and Balarajan, Meera, 2011. Exceptional People: how migration shaped
our world and will define our future. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press.
Legrain, Philippe, 2007. Immigrants: your country needs them. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Useful webpages:
Centre for Migration and Diaspora Studies (SOAS) University of London

Centre for Research and Analysis on Migration, University College London www.cream-migration.org
Centre on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS), Oxford University www.compas.ox.ac.uk
International Migration Institute (IMI), Oxford University www.imi.ox.ac.uk
Institute for the Study of International Migration (ISIM), Georgetown University, Washington DC
Migration Policy Centre (European University Institute Florence) www.migrationpolicycentre.eu
PRIO Migration Research, Oslo www.prio.org/Research/Group/?x=1
Refugees Studies Centre (RSC), Oxford University www.rsc.ox.ac.uk
Sussex Centre for Migration Research, University of Sussex www.sussex.ac.uk/migration
(Research Networks - Think tanks)
Database on Irregular Migration irregular-migration.net
International Migration, Integration and Social Cohesion (IMISCOE) www.imiscoe.org
Migration Policy Institute www.migrationpolicy.org/programs/migration-information-source
Sachverstndigenrat deutscher Stiftungen fr Integration und Migration (SVR) www.svr-migration.de
(International Organisations)
1) 13.10.2015 Introduction
2) 27.10.2015: The case for open borders
Reading questions:
Carens' case for open borders has two dimensions. What are these dimensions? What is a cantilever
argument? Why should freedom of movement be a human right?
Core text:
Carens, Joseph, 2013, The Case for Open Borders, in: The Ethics of Immigration, Oxford University
Press, p. 225-254.
Further readings:
Angeli, O., 2011, Das Recht auf Einwanderung und das Recht auf Ausschluss, Zeitschrift fr Politische
Theorie, 2(2), 171184.
Baubck, R., 2009, Global Justice, Freedom of Movement and Democratic Citizenship, European Journal
of Sociology, 50(1), p. 1-31.

Cole, P., 2000, Philosophies of Exclusion: Liberal Political Theory and Immigration, Edinburgh:
Edinburgh University Press.
Kukathas, C., 2005, The Case for Open Immigration, in: Andrew I. Cohen and Christopher Heath
Wellman (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics, Oxford.
Oberman, K., Immigration as a Human Right, in: Sarah Fine und Lea Ypy (eds.), Migration in Political
Theory: The Ethics of Movement and Membership, Oxford (forthcoming 2016).
3) 03.11.2015 The case against open borders
Reading questions:
How does Macedo define membership? Why do people have special duties towards compatriots? What
suggestions does Macedo have for improving immigration policy?
Core text:
Macedo, S., 2011, When and Why Should Liberal Democracies Restrict Immigration?, in: Rogers M. Smith
(eds.), Citizenship, Borders, and Human Needs, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, p. 301323.
Further readings:
Abizadeh, A., Pandey M., and Abizadeh S., 2014, Wage Competition and the Special-Obligations
Challenge to More Open Borders, Politics, Philosophy, and Economics (forthcoming).
Abizadeh, A., The Special-Obligations Challenge to More Open Borders, in: S. Fine and L. Ypi (eds.),
Migration in Political Theory, Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming 2016.
Collier, P., 2013, Exodus, London: Penguin, P. 57-109.
Heath, J., 1997, Immigration, Multiculturalism, and the Social Contract, Canadian Journal of Law and
Jurisprudence 10(2): 34361.
Macedo, S. 2007, The Moral Dilemma of U.S. Immigration Policy, in C. M. Swain (eds.), Debating
Immigration, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Miller, D., 2005, Immigration: The Case for Limits, in: A. I. Cohen and C. H. Wellman (eds.),
Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics, Oxford: Blackwell.
Putnam, Robert D., 2007, E pluribus unum: Diversity and community in the twenty first century the 2006
Johan Skytte Prize Lecture. Scandinavian political studies, 30(2): 137-174.
The Economist, Guests v. gatecrashers. The uncomfortable economics of immigration reform. published:
31 Mai 2007
The Economist, Free exchange, Goldilocks nationalism. published: 25 September 2014.
Walzer, M., 1983, Spheres of Justice, New York: Basic Books, chap. 2, Membership.
4) 10.11.2015 Migration and Welfare State
Reading questions:
Why is the social trust justification of immigration restriction both empirically and normatively
objectionable? Why should residentship and membership be distinguished? Which suggestions can be
derived from Pevnicks criticism of the social trust view?
Core text:
Pevnick, R., 2009, Social Trust and the Ethics of Immigration Policy, The Journal of Political Philosophy,
17: 146167.
Further readings:
Banting K. and Kymlicka W., 2006, Multiculturalism and the Welfare State. Recognition and
Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies. Oxford University Press.
Koopmans, R., 2010, Trade-Offs Between Equality and Difference, Immigrant Integration,
Multiculturalism and the Welfare State in Cross-National Perspective. In: Journal of Ethnic and
Migration Studies, 36(1), p. 1-26.

5) 17.11.2015 Migration in Modern Political Thought (Grotius and Kant)

Reading questions:
Under which (two) conditions do people have a (perfect) right to immigration (according to Grotius)?
Why does Kant grant immigrants only a right to hospitality (and not a right to take up residence)?
Core texts:
Excerpts from Grotius and Kant
Further readings:
Angeli, O., 2015, Cosmopolitanism, Self-Determination and Territory. Justice with Borders. Houndsmills,
Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, p. 15-54.
Baker G. (ed.), 2013, Hospitality and World Politics, Basingstoke, Hampshire.
Cavallar, G., 2002. The Rights of Strangers: Theories of international hospitality, the global community,
and political justice since Vitoria. Aldershot: Ashgate.
Nafziger, J., 1983, The General Admission of Aliens under International Law, American Journal of
International Law, 77 (4).
Risse, M., 2012, Hugo Grotius Revisited: Collective Ownership of the Earth and Global Public Reason
(Chapter 6), in Risse, M.. On Global Justice, Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press, p. 89107.
6) 24.11.2015 Why do people migrate?
Task: Read Masseys overview of migration theories. Explain and illustrate graphically the differences
between these theories. Consider the main actors, motives and mechanisms for each theory.
Core text:
Massey, Douglas S., 1999. Why Does Immigration Occur? A Theoretical Synthesis. in The Handbook of
International Migration, edited by Charles Hirschman et al. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation,
Further readings:
Dvell, Franck 2006: Klassische Migrationstheorien and Neue Migrationstheorien in id. Europische
und internationale Migration. Einfhrung in historische, soziologische und politische Analysen.
Hamburg, LIT Verlag, pp. 79-122
Portes, Alejandro and Rumbaut, Rubn G. 2006. Immigrant America: A Portrait, University of California
Press, cap. 1 and cap. 2 pp. 12-34).
UN Human Development Report 2009, Overcoming Barriers: Migration and Mobility, chap. 2, People In
Motion, pp. 21-46.
Zolberg, Aristide R. 1999. Matters of State: Theorizing Immigration Policy. In The Handbook of
International Migration: The American Experience, edited by C. Hirschman, P. Kasinitz and J.
DeWind. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, pp. 71-93
7) 01.12.2015 Why do (and should) people stay?
Reading questions: Which criteria are central to Carens social membership? Does Carens social
membership model ground a right to stay?
Core text:
Carens, Joseph, 2013, The Ethics of Immigration, Chapter 8: The Theory of Social Membership
Further readings:
Baubck, Rainer, 2015, From Moral Intuition to Political Change: On Joseph Carens Theory of Social
Membership and Open Borders, Review Symposium on Joseph Carens: The Ethics of Immigration,
Political Theory, 43(3).

Bosniak, Linda, Being Here: Ethical Territoriality and the Rights of Immigrants, Theoretical Inquiries in
Law 8(2) (2007): 389-410.
Cohen, Elizabeth F., 2013, Citizenship, Immigration and the Law of Time in the United States, Duke
Journal of Constitutional Law and Public Policy, 8(1): 53-79.
Moore, Margaret, 2015, A Political Theory of Territory, Oxford University Press, pp. 36-46.
Ochoa Espejo, P., 2015, Taking Place Seriously: Territorial Presence and the Rights of Immigrants.
Journal of Political Philosophy. doi: 10.1111/jopp.12061
Song, Sarah, The Significance of Territorial Presence and the Rights of Immigrants, in eds. Sarah Fine and
Lea Ypi, Migration in Legal and Political Theory, (Oxford, forthcoming).
Stilz, A., 2013, Occupancy Rights and the Wrong of Removal, Philosophy & Public Affairs, 41: 324356.
doi: 10.1111/papa.12018
8) 08.12.2015 Migration: Who gains and who loses?
Reading questions:
What does the brain drain mean and why does it raise a moral issue? Do the rights and obligations of
immigrants, origin and host societies sometimes conflict? And, if so, when? Are remittances a more
efficient form of development aid?
Core texts:
Brock, Gillian, 2009, Global Justice: A Cosmopolitan Account. Oxford: Oxford University Press (Chap.
Immigration, 190-219)
Barry, Christian, 2011, Immigration and Global Justice, Global Justice: Theory, Practice, Rhetoric, 4, 3038.
Further readings:
Adams, Richard H. and John Page 2005. Do International Migration and Remittances Reduce Poverty in
Developing Countries? World Development 33(10): 1645-1669
Castles, Stephen. 2009. Development and migration migration and development: What comes first?
Global perspective and African experiences. Theoria: Journal Social and Political Theory 56: 131.
Cheneval, Francis und Rochel, Johan. 2012, An ethical view on remittances and labor migration. Global
Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric, 5, p. 16-30.
de Haas, H., 2010, Migration and development: a theoretical perspective, International Migration Review
44(1): 227-64.
de Haas, H., 2013, Development leads to more migration,
de Haas, Hein. 2005, International migration, remittances and development: myths and facts, Third World
Quarterly, 26(8), p. 1269-84.
Ferracioli, L. 2014, Immigration, Self-Determination, and the Brain Drain, Review of International
Kapur, D. and McHale, J., 2006, Should a Cosmopolitan Worry about the Brain Drain? Ethics and
International Affairs, 20: 305320.
Kapur, D., 2004, Remittances: The New Development Mantra?, G-24 Discussion Paper Series, Nr. 29,
New York; Geneva, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
Knoll, Anna und Keijzer, Niels, 2013. Will a post-2015 development framework acknowledge migration?
in: Frank Laczko / Lars Johan Lnnback (eds.), Migration and the United Nations Post-2015
Development Agenda, Geneva: International Organisation for Migration, p. 53-66
Oberman, K. 2013. Can Brain Drain Justify Immigration Restrictions? Ethics 123(1): 427-455.
Oberman, Kieran, 2013, Poverty and Immigration Policy, see: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2362011
Pogge, Thomas, 1997, Migration and Poverty, In: Veit Bader (ed.) Citizenship and Exclusion. London:
Macmillan and New York, p. 12-27
Ypi, Lea, 2008, Justice in Migration: A Closed Borders Utopia?, Journal of Political Philosophy, 16(4), P.

9) 15.12.2014 Why (not) selling citizenship?

Reading questions:
Is the right to alienate citizenship right based on the right to exclude? How far does the analogy between
state citizenship and club membership goes?
Further readings:
Hidalgo, J., 2015, Selling Citizenship: A Defence. Journal of Applied Philosophy. doi: 10.1111/japp.12117
Further readings:
Angeli, Oliviero/Kolb, Holger, 2011, Nicht nur effizienter, sondern auch gerechter? Ein Modell
preisbasierter Zuwanderungssteuerung, in: Zeitschrift fr Auslnderrecht und Auslnderpolitik,
8/2011, 254258.
Baubck, Rainer, 2014, What is wrong with selling citizenship? It corrupts democracy! In: A. Shachar and
R. Babock (eds.), Should Citizenship be for Sale?, EUI Working Papers, RSCAS 2014/01, Robert
Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, EUDO Citizenship Observatory, Florence, p. 19-21.
Becker, Gary, 1987, Why not let immigrants pay for speedy entry?, in: Business Week, March 2.
Becker, Gary, 2011, The Challenge of ImmigrationA Radical Solution, London: Institute for Economic
Affairs, p. 19-49.
Carrera, Sergio, 2014. How much does EU citizenship cost? The Maltese citizenship-for-sale affair: A
breakthrough for sincere cooperation in citizenship of the union? CEPS Liberty and Security in
Europe No. 64, April/2014.
Cavallero, Eric, 2006, An Immigration-Pressure Model of Global Distributive Justice, in: Politics,
Philosophy and Economics, 5(1), p. 97-127.
Dumitru, Speranta, 2012, Migration and Equality: Should citizenship Levy be a Tax or a Fine?, in: Les
Ateliers de lthique/ The Ethics Forum, 7(2), p. 34-49.
Shachar A. and Hirschl, R., 214, On Citizenship, States, and Markets, Journal of Political Philosophy, 231257.
Shachar, A., 2014, Dangerous Liaisons: Money and Citizenship, in A. Shachar and R. Babock (eds.),
Should Citizenship be for Sale?, EUI Working Papers, RSCAS 2014/01, Robert Schuman Centre for
Advanced Studies, EUDO Citizenship Observatory, Florence, p. 3-8.
Shachar, Ayelet and Ran Hirschl, 2007, Citizenship as inherited property, in: Political Theory 35(3), p. 253287.
10) 05.01.2016 Refugees
Reading questions:
(Shacknove) Why should the concept of refugee be broadened to include other categories of migrants?
Persecution is only one aspect of a larger problem. Which problem? (Price) What is the key claim of the
humanitarian conception of asylum? Does the political conception of asylum relate to international
criminal law?
Core text:
Shacknove, A., 1985, Who Is a Refugee?, Ethics 95: 274284.
Price, Matthew E., 2006, Persecution complex: justifying asylum laws preference for persecuted people.
Harvard International Law Journal 47, 413-444.
Further readings:
Arendt, Hannah, 1996, We refugees, in: Marc Robinson (ed.), Altogether Elsewhere: Writers on Exile,
Boston, pp. 110-119,
Carens, Joseph, 2013, The Ethics of Immigration. Oxford: Oxford University Press (Chapter 10)
Dummett, M. 2001, On Immigration and Refugees.
Ferracioli, Luara, 2014, The Appeal and Danger of a New Refugee Convention, Social Theory and
Practice 40, 123-144.
Gibney, Matthew, 1999, Liberal Democratic States and Responsibilities to Refugees, American Political
Science Review, 93(1): 169-181.

Gibney, Matthew, 2004, The Ethics and Politics of Asylum: Liberal Democracy and the Response to
Refugees, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hathaway J. und Neve, A. 1997. Making International Refugee Law Relevant Again: A Proposal for
Collectivized and Solution-Oriented Protection, Harvard Human Rights Journal 115(10), p. 115211.
Lister, Matthew J., 2013, Who are Refugees? Law and Philosophy 32(5), 645-671.
Schuck, Peter, 1997. Refugee Burden-Sharing: A Modest Proposal, Yale Journal of International Law,. 22:
p. 244-297
Souter, James, 2014, Towards a theory of asylum as reparation for past injustice, Political Studies, 62(2):
UNHCR. 2008. Protecting Refugees. http://www.unhcr.org/4034b6a34.html
11) 12.01.2016 Asylum under non-ideal circumstances
Reading questions:
What are the benefits of a trading system in refugee quotas vis--vis the status quo? Which objection is the
most difficult to refute in your view?
Core text:
Kuosmanen Jaakko, 2013, What (If Anything) Is Wrong with Trading Refugee Quotas? Res Publica 19(2),
S. 103-119.
Further readings:
Anker, Deborah, James Fitzpatrick, and Andrew Schacknove. 1998. Crisis and cure: A reply to Hathaway,
Neve and Schuck. Harvard Human Rights Journal 295: 295310.
Bubb, Ryan, Michael Kremer, and David I. Levine. "The economics of international refugee law." The
Journal of Legal Studies 40.2 (2011): 367-404.
De la Croix, David, and Axel Gosseries. 2007. Procreation, migration, and tradable quotas. In Population
ageing, intergenerational transfers and the macroeconomy, ed. Robert L. Clark, Andrew Mason, and
Naohiro Ogawa, 227249. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Gibney, Matthew J., Refugees and justice between states, European Journal of Political Theory (2015):
Sandelind, Clara, 2015, Refugee quotas: a political, not a moral, solution, unpublished paper (see
Schuck, Peter H., 1997, Refugee burden-sharing: a modest proposal, Yale Journal of International Law 22.
12) 19.01.2016 Migration and Methods
Reading questions:
(Carens) What are the psychological, sociological, and epistemological constraints to be taken into account
by migration theories that aim to be realistic? What are the advantages of idealistic approaches? And what
their drawbacks? (Dumitru) What are the three versions of methodological nationalism in political theory?
What is a sedentarism-bias?
Core texts:
Carens, Joseph. 1996. Realistic and idealistic approaches to the ethics of migration. International Migration
Review, 30, p. 15670.
Dumitru, Speranta, From Birthright Citizenship to Open Borders? Some Doubts (December 17, 2014).
Ethical Perspectives, 21 (2014), 608-614. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2539551
Further readings:
Carens, Joseph, 2013, Appendix: Presuppositions and Political Theory, in: Carens, Joseph. The Ethics of
Immigration, Oxford University Press, S. 297-314.
Castles, S., 2011, Understanding Global Migration: A Social Transformation Perspective. Journal of
Ethnic and Migration Studies. 36(10), 1565-1586.
Cohen, G.A., 2003, Facts and Principles, Philosophy and Public Affairs 31, p. 21145.

Favell, Adrian, 2007. Rebooting Migration Theory. Interdisciplinarity, Globality, and Postdisciplinarity in
Migration Studies, in: Migration Theory. Talking Across Disciplines. C. B. a. J. Hollifield. London,
Routledge, p. 259-278.
Mason, Andrew, 2004. Just Constraints, British Journal of Political Science 34, p. 251-68.
Miller, D., 2008, Political Philosophy for Earthlings, in: D. Leopold and M. Stears (Hrg.), Political Theory:
Methods and Approaches, Oxford: Oxford University Press: 29-48.
Owen, David, 2015, Reasons and practices of reasoning: On the analytic/continental distinction in
political philosophy, European Journal of Political Theory: 1474885115587120.
13+14) 26.01.2016 Presentation of projects (double session!)