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The Simple Tenses=Review


Simple Present Tense--Part

1 or Part 2 of a verb

Used to express a fact


Karen lives in Sylmar.
Water flows downhill.
The earth spins on its axis.
The Smiths own their home.
Repeated or habitual actions
Every day I teach several classes.
On Tuesdays Mary has lunch with her mother.
Bobbie visits his mother twice a year.
Commands (You is the implied subject of a command)
Please eat your lunch.
Sit down.
Brush your teeth.

Simple Past Tense--Part 3

Used to express an action which has been completed in the past--a minute, month, or year ago.
The action is FINISHED.
Jack ripped his shirt.
Mary and Joe bought a house.
Bill painted his car.

Simple Future Tense-- Will or Shall + Part 1

Used to express an action which will occur in the future. There are many ways to discuss the
future, but the simple future tense uses the helping verbs will or shall and the base (part 1)
form of a verb.
Betty will finish the project.
Jaime will go to Bolivia next week.
Brandon will paint the house.

Base

Base+s

Past

work

works

worked

push
study
pray
stop
choose

15

Name -----------------------------

Date

Doubling the Final Consonant Rule


Sometimes when we add a suffix to a base word, we must double the final consonant. When
do we double a consonant? We only double the consonant when four things are true:

Does the base word end in a single consonant?


Does the base word have a single preceding vowel?
Does the suffix you are going to add begin with a vowel?
Is the last syllable of the base word accented?

When all of these things are true, we double the final consonant before adding the suffix.
Very rarely, however, doubling the final consonant shifts the accent of the word. In that case,
we do not double the consonant.
Here are some common suffixes that begin with vowels:
-ing
-ed
-es
-able
-ible
-er
-est
-ent

-ant
-ence
-ance
-ess
-or
-ous
-lOUS

-ary

Let's get some practice. First, cover up the words in the left column. Then join words and
suffixes in the middle column. Uncover the words in the left column to check your answers.
Some of the words follow the Double the Consonant Rule, but some do not.
altered
admitting
beginner
benefited
bigger
bleeding
blurred
climbing
commitment
committed
compelling
conference

alter + ed
admit + ing
begin + er
benefit + ed
big + er
bleed + ing
blur + ed
climb + ing
commit + ment
commit + ed
compel + ing
confer + ence

16

conferring
controllable
digging
dreamer
dropped
hoping
hopped
equipped
equipment
fastened
fitted
fitness
flattest
flipped
heated
modeled
occurred
occurrence
omitted
planning
predicted
preferred
preference
profitable
referring
regrettable
repellent
nppmg
robber
saddest
sinking
sitting
slimmer
snickering
splitting
stepped
stirred
submitted
summary
swimmmg
taping
tapping
transferred
worshiped
wrapped

confer + ing
control + able
dig + ing
dream + er
drop + ed
hope + ing
hop + ed
equip + ed
equip +ment
fasten + ed
fit + ed
fit + ness
flat + est
flip + ed
heat + ed
model + ed
occur + ed
occur + ence
omit + ed
plan + ing
predict + ed
prefer + ed
prefer + ence
profit + able
refer + ing
regret + able
repel + ent
rip + ing
rob + er
sad + est
sink + ing
sit + ing
slim + er
snicker + ing
split + ing
step + ed
stir + ed
submit + ed
sum + ary
swim + ing
tape + ing
tap + ing
transfer + ed
worship + ed
wrap + ed

------,

/----r

Name

D~e

Doubling the Final Consonant Rule--Practice


Directions: Cover Column 1. Then look at Column 2. Apply the Final Consonant Rule and
combine the base word with the suffix. Then uncover Column 1 to check your spelling. If you
were right, good for you! Write the word again in the practice column. . If you were wrong, look
again at the rule. Then rewrite the word in Column 4 for practice.

--~

correct spelling

base + ed

altered
angered
appealed
appeared
chartered
cheated
cleared
colored
compelled
concealed
darkened
defeated
delivered
developed
dipped
discovered
dreamed
dripped
dropped
encountered
explained
faltered
fanned
fitted
flickered
flooded
flowered
frightened
gathered
grabbed
grinned
gritted
hampered
healed

alter + ed
anger + ed
appeal + ed
appear + ed
charter + ed
cheat + ed
clear + ed
color + ed
compel + ed
conceal + ed
darken + ed
defeat + ed
deliver + ed
develop + ed
dip + ed
discover + ed
dream + ed
drip + ed
drop + ed
encounter + ed
explain + ed
falter + ed
fan + ed
fit + ed
flicker + ed
flood + ed
flower + ed
frighten + ed
gather + ed
grab + ed
grin + ed
grit + ed
hamper + ed
heal + ed
hover + ed
hug + ed
hum + ed

hovered
hugged
hummed

your spelling

practice

17

Name

correct spelling
jammed
jogged
joined
limited
listened
mattered
offered
permitted
pivoted
preferred
profited
propelled
questioned
remained
repeated
repelled
retreated
rubbed
scattered
seemed
shrugged
simmered
sipped
skimmed
slipped
smothered
snapped
spanned
stepped
stirred
straightened
stunned
suited
threatened
tipped
towered
transferred
tripped
trotted
visited
waited
whispered
wondered
wrapped

base + ed
jam + ed
jog + ed
join + ed
limit + ed
listen + ed
matter + ed
offer + ed
permit + ed
pivot + ed
prefer + ed
profit + ed
propel + ed
question + ed
remain + ed
repeat + ed
repel + ed
retreat + ed
rub + ed
scatter + ed
seem + ed
shrug + ed
simmer + ed
sip + ed
skim + ed
slip + ed
smother + ed
snap + ed
span + ed
step + ed
stir + ed
straighten + ed
stun + ed
suit + ed
threaten + ed
tip + ed
tower + ed
. transfer + ed
trip + ed
trot + ed
visit + ed
wait + ed
whisper + ed
wonder + ed
wrap + ed

Dme

your spelling

18

practice

.~-,

Name

Dme

Doubling the Final Consonant Rule--Practice

Directions: Cover Column 1. Then look at Column 2. Apply the Final Consonant Rule and
combine the base word with the suffix. Then uncover Column 1 to check your spelling. If you
were right, goodfor you! Write the word again in the practice column. If you were wrong, look
again at the rule. Then rewrite the word in Column 4for practice.

correct spelling
acted
added
aimed
answered
appeared
asked
attended
benefited
bumped
chatted
cleared
clipped
connected
considered
corrected
counted
covered
crossed
demanded
depended
edited
equipped
failed
filled
finished
focused
grabbed
grinned
gripped
guessed
happened
headed
helped
interested
interpreted
jarred

.combine base + ed
act + ed
add + ed .
aim + ed
answer + ed
appear + ed
ask + ed
attend + ed
benefit + ed
bump + ed
chat + ed
clear + ed
clip + ed
connect + ed
consider + ed
correct + ed
count + ed
cover + ed
cross + ed
demand + ed
depend + ed
edit + ed
equip + ed
fail + ed
fill + ed
finish + ed
focus + ed
grab + ed
grin + ed
grip + ed
guess + ed
happen + ed
head + ed
help + ed
interest + ed
interpret + ed
jar + ed

your answer

practice

19

Name

correct spelling
laughed
looked
matched
missed
nodded
occurred
offered
opened
ordered
owned
patted
picked
planned
plugged
pointed
preferred
propped
pulled
questioned
recalled
regretted
remembered
requested
rested
scanned
sealed
searched
seemed
selected
shifted
shocked
skimmed
slapped
slipped
spoiled
stopped
submitted
succeeded
talked
thanked
trailed
transferred
tricked
trimmed

combine base + ed
laugh + ed
look + ed
match + ed
miss + ed
nod + ed
occur + ed
offer + ed
open + ed
order + ed
own + ed
pat + ed
pick + ed
plan + ed
plug + ed
point + ed
prefer + ed
prop + ed
pull + ed
question + ed
recall + ed
regret + ed
remember + ed
request + ed
rest + ed
scan + ed
seal + ed
search + ed
seem + ed
select + ed
shift + ed
shock + ed
skim + ed
slap + ed
slip + ed
spoil + ed
stop + ed
submit + ed
succeed + ed
talk + ed
thank + ed
trail +ed
transfer + ed
trick + ed
trim + ed

Date

your answer

practice

20

Name -------------------------------------correct spelling


trusted
turned
viewed
waited
wandered
wanted
watched
whispered
wished
wrapped

combine base + ed
trust + ed
turn + ed
view + ed
wait + ed
wander + ed
want + ed
watch + ed
whisper + ed
wish + ed
wrap + ed

Dme

your answer

_
practice

21

Name --------------------------------------

Dme

Adding Suffixes to Silent -E Words


Always drop the silent -e when you add a suffix that begins with a vowel. Do
NOT drop the silent -e when you add a suffix that begins with a consonant.
care + ed = cared

care + ing

caring

care + ful

careful

Directions: Cover Column 1. Then look at Column 2. Apply the rule in the box above and
combine the base word with the suffix. Write it in the "your answer" box. Then uncover
Column 1to check your spelling. .lfyou were right, goodfor you! Write the word again in the
practice column. .lfyou were wrong, look again at the rule. Then rewrite the word in
Column 4 for practice.
correct spelling
achievement
amused
anticipated
appreciating
arrangement
arranging
arrived
assumed
assunng
based
careful
changed
chasing
closed
concentrated
debating
decided
demoting
disliked
figuring
financing
glanced
hates
hopeful
implicating
improvement
inflated
introduced
judgment

combine base + suffix


achieve + ment
amuse + ed
anticipate + ed
appreciate + ing
arrange + ment
arrange + ed
arrive + ed
assume + ed
assure + ing
base + ed
care + ful
change + ed
chase + ing
close + ed
concentrate + ed
debate + ing
decide + ed
demote + ing
dislike + ed
figure + ing
finance + ing
glance + ed
hate + s
hope + ful
implicate + ing
improve + ment
inflate + ed
introduce + ed
judge + ment

your answer

practice

22

Nanle

correct spelling

combine base + suffix

likely
lovable
making
management
moved
naming
noted
noticed
owed
populated
prepared
proving
raking
realized
received
renovated
retiring
smiling
surpnsmg
taking
tangled
typed
used
useful
writing

like + ly
love + able
make + ing
manage + ment
move + ed
name + ing
note + ed
notice + ed
owe + ed
populate + ed
prepare + ed
prove + ing
rake + ing
realize + ed
receive + ed
renovate + ed
retire + ing
smile + ing
surprise + ing
take + ing
tangle + ed
type + ed
use + ed
use + ful
write + ing

Date

your answer

23
------------------------

practice

Name

Date

Adding Suffixes to Words That End in -Y


If the letter before the jinal-y is a vowel, just add the suffix. However, if the letter before
the -y is a consonant, change the -y to -i before you add the suffix. One important
exception: Do NOT change the -y OR drop the -y if you are adding -ing.

Directions: Cover Column 1. Then look at Column 2. Apply the rule in the box above and
combine the base word with the suffix. Then uncover Column 1 to check your spelling. If
you were right, goodfor you! Write the word again in the practice column. If you were
wrong, look again at the rule. Then rewrite the word in Column 4 for practice.
correct spelling
worried
identified
occupied
portrayed
copied
tried
displayed
satisfied
played
annoyed
stayed
prayed
fried
stayed
delayed
studied
destroyed
replied

combine base + ed
worry + ed
identify + ed
occupy + ed
portray + ed
copy + ed
try + ed
display + ed
satisfy + ed
play + ed
annoy + ed
stay + ed
pray + ed
fry + ed
stay + ed
delay + ed
study + ed
destroy + ed
reply + ed

your answer

practice

correct spelling
worrying
identifying
occupying
portraying
copying
trying
displaying
satisfying
playing
annoying
staying
praying

combine base + ing


worry + ing
identify + ing
occupy + ing
portray + ing
copy + ing
try + ing
display + ing
satisfy + ing
play + ing
annoy + ing
stay + ing
pray + ing

your answer

practice

24

Narne

correct spelling
frying
staying
delaying
studying
destroying
replying

combine base + ing


fry + ing
stay + ing
delay + ing
study + ing
destroy + ing
reply + ing

Dme

your answer

practice

25

26

Nrume

Date

Unit 2 Sample Quiz A


Please write the correct present tense form of the verb in the blank.
1.
2.

3.
4.
5.

Every morning Jerry


Laura usually
The teacher often
Lee
The winners of the contest

(search) the house for his keys.


(carry) her cell phone in her purse.
(wish) her students would study more often.
(study) every night during the semester.
(be) Sami, Lonnie, and Carlos.

Write the correctform of the verb in the blank. On some items, more than one answer is possible.
l.

The student

2.

A few hours ago my sister

3.

Joseph

4.

The students

5.

Bonita

6.

Last month David

7.

The robbery

8.

Lupe

9.

The airline

(delay) several flights last night.

10.

Soon Tom

(leave) for ajob in Santa Fe.

(write) a speech last night.


(slip) and broke her ankle.
(apply) for three jobs last month.
(plan) their new presentation

tomorrow.

(employ) three clerks during the holidays last year.


(travel) across the United States.
(occur) about a month ago.
(teach) three classes in 2006.

Please fill in the correct verb forms. (1 point each)


Base+s
Base

Past

begin
bring
catch
hide
occupy
prefer

Please find the patterns for the following sentences. Also label adverbs.
1.,

Lee

2.

The

3.

Next

4.

During

and

Koni

students

visited
carefully

their

parents

.study

and

last

weekend.

review

before

test.

.----.

June

Javier

will

become

the

speech

the

candidate

spoke

registered
quietly

nurse.
and

sincerely.

27

Nmne

Date

Unit 2 Sample Quiz B


Please write the correct present tense form of the verb in the blank.

l.
2.
3.

4.

5.

Ana usually
Sometimes David
Sara and Jeff
Patti
The teacher

(enjoy) going to the movies.


(watch) television.
(be) the owners of the condominium.
(have) two children.
(vary) the exercises every week.

Write the correct form of the verb in the blank. More than one answer is possible for some items.
1.
2.

The manager
Last night Joe

(lose) his keys last month.


(apply) for a new job.

3.

Tran accidentally

4.

Tomorrow Irvin

5.

Two days ago Julie

6.

Last semester Mr. Ramirez

7.

The baby

(cry) for hours last night.

8.

The criminal

(admit) his guilt during the trial last week.

9.

Lee

10.

In the past Lupita

(trip) and fell down the stairs.


(choose) a new apartment.
(visit) her sister's new house.
(teach) a math course.

(refer) to his cookbook while he was cooking the meat.


(repair) computers for a living.

Pleasefill in the correct verbforms. (1 point each)


Base
Base+s
bring
regret
crash
begin
wrap
freeze

Past

Please find the patterns for the following sentences. Also label adverbs.
NS Vi

NS Vt NDO

NS LV NSC

l.

During the mOVIe a man and his wife chatted loudly about the story.

2.

After his speech

,.,

Mr. Davis

.J.

Our history

teacher

discussed

4.

On Tuesday Ms. Jackson

politely
the

introduced
election

will become

our

the

next

speaker.

in class last week.


department

manager.

28
Nrone,

Dme,

Unit 2 Sample Quiz C


Please write the correct present tense form of the verb in the blank.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

After class Joy


Lee
Jeff and Josie
Leesa
Each of the cashiers

(rush) to her job.


(have) three children.
(be) in Houston this month.
(fly) to Florida at least once a month.
(watch) the customers carefully.

Please write the correctform of the verb in the blank.


1.

Samuel

2.

Last May the minister

3.

Mrs. Johnson

4.

Maria

(catch) a cold last week.

5.

Chan

(play) the organ at his church every Sunday.

6.

Next week Julie

7.

Ihe newspaper

8.

Mike

9.

Tessa

10.

Dave's dog

(apply) for a new job yesterday.


(marry) Lola and her fiance.
(slip) and fell last night.

(buy) her daughter a bicycle.


~

(omit) some details in the story last week.


I

(lose) some money in Las Vegas last weekend.


(receive) her degree last year.
(bury) the bone yesterday.

Pleasefill in the correct verbforms. (1 point each)


Base+s
Base

Past

hurry
sink
slide
steal
teach
wrap

Please find the patterns for the following sentences. Also label adverbs.
1.

During

2.

Last

night

3.

The

witness

4.

Next

the

game
the

the

soccer

children

player

screamed

scored
and

goal.

during

cried

the

scary

movie.

~month

spoke

slowly

Mrs.

Ramirez

and
will

clearly
be

.during
our

the

department

trial.
manager.