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Hardik Singhi

Titration Lab

To find out if there is a direct correlation
between the acidity of the beverage and its

(http://chemed. BACKGROUND RESEARCH WHAT IS TITRATION? Titration is a method used to find the concentration of an unknown solution by using a solution of known concentration.JP) SPRITE(COCOCOLA. we can use that to find the concentration of the analyte.html) CONTENTS OF BEVERAGES COCA COLA (COCOCOLA.edu/genchem/lab/techniques/titration/what.purdue.AIM To find out if there is a clear correlation between the acidity and the energy (kcal) of the chosen beverages.JP) 1 .chem. The known solution is known as the titrant and the unknown solution is known as the analyte. If we are able to find out the volume of the titrant added to the analyte.


which maintain their strength. there are some calcium and phosphate particles in our saliva. it weaken from time to time.ORANGINA (COCOCOLA. (flatulencecures.com) 3 . the teeth weaken and are more likely to decay. however. However.com) This can also happen to our bones and is known as osteoporosis. Enamel is what hardens your teeth. soda contains certain acids.JP) WHAT ACIDS ARE IN THESE DRINKS? (COCOCOLA. which can draw the minerals from the enamel.JP) Beverage Acids in it Coca Cola Phosphoric Acid (H3PO4) Sprite Citric Acid (C6H8O7). Malic Acid (C4H6O5) Orangina Citric Acid (C6H8O7) CC Lemon Citric Acid (C6H8O7) Ginger Ale Citric Acid (C6H8O7) HOW DOES SWEETNESS AND ACIDITY IN SODAS AFFECT THE HUMAN BODY? The sugar and acids in these drinks can cause erosion.000 people suggests that people who drink more Coke. When this happens. (sfgate. A study of 25. Therefore. instead of other carbonated soft drinks are most likely to get osteoporosis.

  poured into the burette Orangina) (50mL) The volume of the soft  drink poured into the  conical flask (25mL) The number of drops added to the beverage (2  drops) The concentration of NaOH (0. (sfgate. its concentration and the type of acid. overall. the acids in them decrease the secretion of hydrochloric acid in our stomach. This can.1M) MATERIALS/ EQUIPMENT Apparatus 4 Chemical . It is affected by how much acid is inserted. After doing research. Coca The acidity of the beverage Controlled Variables  The volume of NaOH Cola. affect the digestion process in our stomach. I found out that the acidity in the drinks is not affected by the amount of sugar in it.C Lemon. esophagus and throat are very sensitive to the acids found in these drinks and so is our stomach. If sodas are drank on a regular basis. Our mouth lining. hydrochloric acid won’t be used in drinks. However. as it is really powerful.com) HYPOTHESIS I think that there will be no correlation between the acidity of the drink and its sweetness. Sprite.The acids and sugars in these beverages can also cause digestive problems and make people more likely to get health issues. this also means that pathogens that are usually stopped by the hydrochloric acid in our stomach are now free to move to our intestines and cause health issues. Ginger Ale. For example.com) VARIABLES Independant Variable Dependant Variable Beverages (C. (sfgate.

      Burette (50mL) Conical Flask (100mL) Beaker (100mL) Measuring Cylinder (25mL) Burette Stand and Clamp Funnel        C. Repeat steps 1-10 for Coca-Cola.2 17.1M. 8. 12.4 18. After each addition. 1000mL) Phenolphthalein METHOD 1.5 15.C Lemon (100mL) Coca Cola (100mL) Ginger Ale (100mL) Orangina (100mL) Sprite (100mL) Sodium Hydroxide (0.2 18. Set up the burette as shown in the diagram below. Orangina. add small volumes of NaOH into the conical flask. Showing the Energy of the Different Beverages 5 Beverage Energy (kcal) Sprite 41 . Using the burette. Measure the burette at the point where the beverage turns dark pink Refill the burette with 50mL of NaOH. RESULTS RAW DATA Table 1. CC Lemon and Ginger Ale. 2. Pour 50mL of NaOH from the beaker in the burette.6 Table 2. 3. 7. Do three more trials with 25mL of sprite.7 20. 4. 9.9 16. 6.6 19.3 15.2 CC Lemon 18. Measure 25mL of Sprite. using a measuring cylinder. Showing the Results Acquired through the Experiment Beverage Trial 1 (mL) Trial 2 (mL) Trial 3 (mL) Trial 4 (mL) Sprite 21.8 18.5 Orangina 18. 11. swirl the flask gently. 10. 5.6 17.2 Coca Cola 17.5 17.6 Ginger Ale 17. Keep on adding small volume of NaOH till the drink turns dark pink (light purple).9 15. Pour 100mL of NaOH into a beaker.3 15.8 17. Add 2 drops of Phenolphthalein in to flask and put it under the burette. Pour 25mL of Sprite into the conical flask.9 19.

0 (3 s. Showing the Acidity of the Different Beverages 6 Beverage Acidity Sprite 0.5 15.9 (3 s.2+18.6)/4 =17.6 16.3 15.f.7 20.f.3+15.2 19.) Table 4.0 Orangina 18.4 18.5+15.6 (3 s.f.2)/4 = 19.) Ginger Ale: (17.4+18.3+15. is disregarded as it is really different from the other trials.6 sCalculations: Sprite: (17.) Orangina: (18.2 17.7+20.) CC Lemon: (18.6.9+19.072 . Showing the Averages of the All the Trials Conducted for each Beverage Beverage Trial 1 (mL) Trial 2 (mL) Trial 3 (mL) Trial 4 (mL) Average (mL) Sprite 21.5)/3 = 16.064 Orangina 0.8 18.8+17.2 CC Lemon 18.8+18.3 15.9 19.6 (not counted in average since it is really different to others) 17.5 17.6+19.9 16.Orangina 43 CC Lemon 44 Ginger Ale 35 Coca Cola 45 PROCESSED DATA Table 3.4 (3 s.f.9 15.2 18. from Trial 1.6 19.5 16.9+15.2+17.f.) Coca Cola: (17.9+16.8 17.) (21.2)/4 = 18.2 (3 s.2 18.077 CC Lemon 0.9 Ginger Ale 17.6 17.5+17.4 Coca Cola 17.6)/4 = 16.

0.004 = 0.074 Coca Cola 0.064g of NaOH is in the drink.1M of NaOH = 4g in 1000ml (dm3) of water 4/1000 = 0.004 Average of all the trials of Sprite = 16.0mL 16.064 41 Orangina 0. Table 5.Ginger Ale 0.072 44 Ginger Ale 0.074 35 Coca Cola 0.077 43 CC Lemon 0.066 45 .064 Therefore. Comparing the Acidity and the Energy of the Different Drinks 7 Beverage Acidity Energy (kcal) Sprite 0.066 Calculations: Example – (for Sprite) Ar of NaOH = 40g 1M of NaOH = 40g Therefore. 0.0 x 0.

Graph Showing the Acidity (g of NaOH) of the Chosen Beverages Graph 2.GRAPHS Graph 1. Graph Showing the Energy (kcal) of the Chosen Beverages 8 .

since we have many different types of drinks. It tries to see titrating. This is also what I had predicted in my hypothesis. of the solution labeled “Good titrated the beverage.CONCLUSION From the data I collected with my group. However. I think that we would have gotten a trend. Therefore. different types of acids and different types of sugars added to them. if we did a experiment on drinks that use the same type of acid and sugar. However. Orangina has high acidity and energy. we can stop A good titration endpoint acidity levels were. However. in this case. I think that my results make sense. This is why there is no simple. should like this: if the energy and the acidity of the drink have visible trends. If we compare Graph 1 and Graph 2. I think that it is natural that we don’t see a pattern. Therefore. pattern or trend between the acidity and the energy. So. there is no trend that can be seen here. I think my experiment. But. For example. we can compare the color found out that I had over- wrong measurements. because we recorded so big. I am able to conclude that there is no direct relation between the acidity of the beverage and it’s energy. this isn’t such a big problem since Endpoint” and compare our results (usdavis. I experiment. the titration endpoint of my experiment looked like this: 9 . itself. EVALUATION Limitation Its Effects on the Experiment Improvements Over titration: After This had a big effect on our Although the impact of this wasn’t researching about titration. the results should be useful to my experiment. however. Once we get the color doesn't measure how different the shown in the picture. my aim wasn’t constructed correctly. All of these drinks have different quantities of acids. however it has the highest energy.edu) the experiment we conducted with it. visible trend. I should have measured drinks with the same types of acids and etc. since we over-titrated all the drinks. we can deduce that there is no connection. was successful. Coca Cola has low acidity. But.

or if we had over can use different types of colors. we don’t can do 2 things. Therefore. Therefore. However. Using a measuring cylinder: The effect of using a measuring cylinder isn’t that big. transparent. we endpoints were different. experiment not being fair. However.Since. To fix this. this made the results inaccurate to a certain extent Extensions:    10 Do the same experiment with drinks that use the same type of acid Do the same experiment with drinks that use the same type of sugars Measure the sugar level instead of the energy . it is better to keep measuring cylinder instead of as many things in control so the pipette. we had really know if the titration process use drinks with same color or we several drinks with different was done. This results in titration endpoint for each. experiments are fair. yellow. These colors included titrated it. was really hard to determine the equally titrated. in In this experiment. we used a an experiment. Color of the drink: since they were all different colors. we can use a pipette for better accuracy. this makes it indicators that will help us golden. since they are not properly titrated. we can In this experiment. colors of the titration To improve this experiment. Either. really hard compare all these determine if the drinks are black and orange. it beverages.

The first thing I assumed was that the ration between NaOH and the acid in the drink is 1M to 1M. this was not the case.DISCUSSION ASSUMING THE RATIO OF THE ACID AND THE BASE IS 1M TO 1M While doing this experiment and processing data. The concentration of the acid and the NaOH was different. I didn’t know how to compare the sweetness and therefore I was unable to do so. Some sugars need to be used in a low quantity to provide a high sweetness and some sugars need to be used in a high quantity. a lot of assumptions were made. without assuming that the ration was 1M to 1M. However. However. This made the processed data inaccurate. in order to do the calculations. I think that it would have been possible to find a trend in the data. So. If we had found a way to calculate the results. 11 . this was not possible to find out since I didn’t have the knowledge to do so and that all drinks have different types of sugars. but we had to assume that they 1M to 1M. NOT KNOWING HOW SWEETNESS IS MEASURED My initial experiment was to see if the sweetness of the drink was affected by the acidity of the drink.

). (n. from http://flatulencecures. Retrieved January 21. Retrieved January 21. 2015.com/~/media/Files/C/CCHBC/documents/125Y ear_A6Leaflet_v6. Retrieved January 21. 2015. 2015.sfgate. from http://healthyeating. (n.How Cola Affects Digestion. from http://www.REFERENCES Is Soda Acidic? . Retrieved January 21.edu/Analytical_Chemistry/Quantitati ve_Analysis/Titration/Titration_Fundamentals What is in Coca Cola? (n.co.).d. 2015. Retrieved January 21.d.d. (n. March 11).ucdavis.cocacolahellenic. 2015. from http://chemwiki. (2011.com/is-soda-acidic Reasons Why Soda Rots Your Teeth.).d.jp/brands/all-products/ 12 .cocacola.com/reasons-sodarots-teeth-2949.pdf 全製品一覧.).html Titration Fundamentals. from http://www.

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