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SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

Assignment
Time: 90 Minutes

Maximum marks:40

Questions from 1to 20 carries two marks each


1) The theoretical minimum work required to separate one mole of a liquid
mixture at 1 atm, containing 50 mole % each for n-heptane and n-octane
into pure compound each at 1 atm is
(a) 2RT In 0.5
(b) RT In 0.5
(c) 0.5 RT
(d) 2 RT
2) Air enters an adiabatic compressor at 300K. The exit temperature for a
compression ratio of 3, assuming air to be an ideal gas (Y = C p/Cv=7/5) and
the process to be reversible is

3
2/7

(a) 300
300 33/5

(b)
300 33/7

(c)
300 35/7

(d)
3) Internal energy of an ideal gas
(a) Increases with increases in pressure
(b) Decreases with increase in temperature
(c) is independent of temperature
(d) none of these

Cv
4)

for an ideal gas

(a) does not depend upon temperature

(b) is independent of pressure only


(c) is independent of volume only
(d) is independent of both pressure and volume
5) One mole of nitrogen at 8 bar and 600 K is contained in a piston
cylinder arrangement. It is brought to 1 bar isothermally against a resisting
pressure of 1 bar. The work done ( in joules) by the gas is
(a) 30554
(b) 10373
(c) 7058.3
(d) 9000
6) A gas mixture of three components is brought in contact with a
dispersion of an organic phase in water, the degree of freedom of the
system is:
(a) 4
(b) 3
(c) 5
(d)
7) A gas is compressed at a constant pressure of 50
m

4m

N / m2

from a volume

of 10
to a volume of
. Energy of 100 J is then added to the gas by
heating. Its internal energy is
(a) increased by 400 J
(b) increased by 200 J
(c) increased by 100 J
(d) increased by 300 J

8) Which of the following conditions is not satisfied by ideal solutions?


H mixing 0

(a)

Vmixing 0

(b)
U mixing 0

(c)
S mixing 0

(d)

9) For open system, the Gibbs energy is dependent on


(a) Temperature
(b) Temperature & pressure only
(c) Pressure only
(d) Temperature pressure and composition only

10) A closed system is cooled reversibly from


done on the system

100oC

to

50oC.

if no work is

(a) its internal energy (U) decreases and its entropy (S) increases
(b) U and S both decreases
(c) is decreases but S is decreases
(d) U is constant but S decreases

11) A change in state involving a decrease in entropy can be spontaneous,


only if
(a) it is exothermic
(b) it is enthalpic
(c) it takes place isothermally
(d) it take place at constant volume
12) The following heat engine produces power of 100000 KW. The heat engine
operates between 800 K and 300 K. it has a thermal efficiency equal to 50 % of
that of the Carnot engine for the same temperature. The rate at which heat is
absorbed from the hot reservoir is
(a) 100, 000 kW
(b) 160, 000 kW
(c) 200, 000 kW
(d) 320,000 kW
13) Water flows through a turbine in which friction causes the water
35oC to 37oC

temperature to rise from


if there is no heat transfer, how much
does the entropy of the water change in passing through the turbine? (Water is
incompressible and the process can be taken to be at constant volume)
(a) 3.264 KJ/K
(b) 2.482 KJ/K
(c) 0.432 KJ/K
(d) 0.0243 KJ/K
300oC

8m3

14) A Fluid at 200 kPa and


has a volume of 0.
. In a frictionless
process at constant volume. The pressure changes to 100 kPa. Find the final
temperature and heat transferred if fluid is air
(a) 200k, -130.29
(b) 293k, -97.805J
(c) 286.5k, -100.11kJ

(d) 543.2k, -10.40kJ


15) 4 kg moles of an ideal gas expand in vacuum spontaneously. The work
done is
(a) 4 J
(b)

(c) 0
(d) 8 J
16) The simplest equation of state is for ideal gas PV = RT has approximate
validity at
(a) Low temperature and low pressure
(b) High temperature and low pressure
(c) High pressure and Low temperature
(d) High pressure and high temperature
17) One mole of nitrogen at 8 bar and 600 k is contained in a piston cylinder
arrangement. It is brought to 1 bar isothermally against a resisting pressure of
1 bar the work done (in joules) by the gas is
(a) 30554
(b) 10373
(c) 4988.4
(d) 4364.9
#GROUP#
Paragraph for Questions Nos. 18 to 19

CP

5
2

An ideal gas with molar heat capacity


(where R = 8.314 J/ mol K) is
compressed adiabatically from 1 bar 300 k to pressure p in a closed system.
The final temperature after compression is 600 k and the mechanical efficiency
of compression is 50 %
18) The work required for compression (in kJ mol) is
(a) 3.74

(b) 6.24
(c) 7.48
(d) 12.48
19) The final pressure P ( in bar ) is
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)

23/ 4
25/ 4
23/ 2
25/ 2

20) A cyclic heat engine operates between a source temperature of

800oC

and

a sink temperature of
output of the engine?
(a) 0.821 kW
(b) 0.462 kW
(c) 0.568 kW
(d) 0.392 kW

30 C

.What is the least rate of heat rejection per kW net