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Motion in One Dimension MCQs Sheet 1

1. Tripling the speed of a motor car multiples the distance needed for stopping it is
(a)

By 9 times

(b)

By 6 times

(c)

By 3 times

(d)

By 5 times

2. Which one of the following does not belong to motion in one dimension (v-t graph)

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

3. In a velocity time graph, velocity is proportional to time. It has got


(a)

Increasing acceleration

(b)

Decreasing acceleration

(c)

Zero acceleration

(d)

None of these.

4. If velocity of a particle is given by v = 10 + 2t2 m/s, the average acceleration between 2 sec
and 5 sec is
(a)

2 m/s2

(b)

4 m/s2

(c)

12 m/s2

(d)

14 m/s2.

5. The acceleration of a particle starting from rest varies with time t according to the
equation:
(a)

(b)

kt + ct

where k and c are constants. At time t, the velocity of the particle is

(c)

(d)

6. The displacement time graph of a moving particle is shown below. The instantaneous
velocity of the particle is negative at the point

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

F.

7. If a particle travels a linear distance at speed 1 and comes back along the same track at
speed 2:

(a)

Its average speed is arithmetic mean

(b)

Its average speed is geometric mean

(c)

Its average speed is harmonic mean

(d)

None of these

8. Which of the following statements is incorrect?


(a)

A body can have constant speed but varying velocity

(b)

A body can have constant velocity but varying speed

(c)

A body can have acceleration without having velocity

(d)

A body can have velocity without having acceleration

9. The displacement s of a point moving in a straight line is given by:


s = 8t2 + 3t 5, s being in cm and t in s. The initial velocity of the particle is:
(a)

3 cm/s

(b)

16 cm/s

(c)

19 cm/s

(d)

Zero

10. Find the incorrect statement out of the following:


(a)

If acceleration = 0, motion is uniform

(b)

If acceleration = constant, acceleration is uniform but motion not

(c)

If acceleration constt., both acceleration and motion are not uniform

(d)

Acceleration = constt., both acceleration and motion are uniform

11. The velocity of a body depends on time according to the equation = 20 + 0.1t2. The
body is undergoing:
(a)

Uniform acceleration

(b)

Uniform retardation

(c)

Nonuniform acceleration

(d)

Zero acceleration

12. A car is moving along a straight road with a uniform acceleration. It passes through two
points P and Q separated by a distance with velocity 30 km/hr and 40 km/hr respectively.
The velocity of the car midway between P and Q is:
(a)

33.3 km/hr

(b)

(c)
(d)

35 km/hr

13. A body starting from rest covers a distance of 9 m in the fifth second. The acceleration
of the body is:
(a)

2 m/s2

(b)

0.2 m/s2

(c)

1.8 m/s2

(d)

4 m/s2

14. In 1.0 s, a particle goes from point A to B, moving in a semicircle of radius 1.0 m. The
magnitude of the average velocity is:

(a)

3.14 m/s

(b)

2.0 m/s

(c)

1.9 m/s

(d)

Zero

15. A body starting from rest moves along straight line with a constant acceleration. The
variation of speed () with distance (s) is represented by the graph:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Answer Keys:
1.

2.

a 3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

c 8.

9.

10.

c 12.

15.

11.

13.

a 14.