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New Product Developments:

Multibeam, Bathymetry, and


AUV Side Scan Sonar
Advances in Seafloor Mapping
Timothy J. Alavosus, Ph.D.
Director of Sales and Marketing
Sonar Products
L-3 Klein Associates

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Side Scan Sonar Offerings

S3900

Sub-Bottom Profiler

S3000

S5000 V2
BATHY

S5900

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System 3900

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System 3900

Klein System 3900


Our most popular
system, ever (units).

Technology

Single Beam

Frequency

445 kHz & 900 kHz


Selectable

Beam Width, Hor.


(Along Track Res)

0.21 deg at 445 kHz


0.21 deg at 900 kHz

Across Track Res.

7.5 cm

Tow Speed

4 to 5 knots

Depth Rating

200m

Max Range

150m at 445 kHz (300m


swath)
75m at 900 kHz (150m
swath)

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System 3900

Product Overview:
Dual Frequency, 445 kHz and 900 kHz
300m Swath at 445 kHz; 150m Swath at 900 kHz*
Splashproof TPU
200m depth rating
Low-Cost, High Performance a True Klein
System, not a cheap imitation

*In cold water, under ideal conditions

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System 3900

Product Overview:
Good resolution at 445 kHz:

The wreck of the Bungsberg

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System 3900

Product Overview:
Excellent Resolution at 900 kHz:

Lobster Pots

With Lines

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System 3900

Target Markets:
Search and Recovery
Police, Fire, Harbor Patrol
MCM
Harbor Change Detection
Treasure Hunters
Anti-Terrorism Force Protection
All Shallow-Water Applications (<200m)

Klein 3900 Data Sample

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Sand
Waves

Lobster Pots

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System 3000

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System 3000

Klein System 3000


Our deepwater system
Now 3000m rated
The most versatile system
from Klein

System 3000

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Technology

Single Beam

Frequency

100 kHz & 445 kHz


Simultaneous

Beam Width, Hor.


(Along Track Res)

0.7 deg at 100 kHz


0.21 deg at 445 kHz

Across Track Res.

7.5 cm

Tow Speed

4 to 5 Knots

Depth Rating

1,500m

Max Range

600m at 100 kHz


150m at 445 kHz

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System 3000

Product Overview:
100 kHz/445 kHz is a better mix for simultaneous
dual frequency:

445 kHz

100 kHz

L-3 Klein Sonar Annual Sales Meeting 2009 Company Confidential

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System 3000

Target Markets:
Deeper Water
Magnetometer
SBP
Offshore Oil
Submarine SAR
Geologic
Hydrographic
Everyone
1940 wreck of a German
Dornier Do17 bomber which
ditched at the Goodwin Sands.

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Accessories:
Pressure Sensor
K-Grip
DGPS
K-Wing I, II
Winches
Magnetometer
SBP
USBL

System 3000

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System 3000D

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System 3000 Deep

Technology

Single Beam

Frequency

100 kHz & 445 kHz


Simultaneous

Beam Width, Hor.


(Along Track Res)

0.7 deg at 100 kHz


0.21 deg at 445 kHz

Across Track Res.

7.5 cm

Tow Speed

4 to 5 knots

Depth Rating

3000m

Max Range

600m at 100 kHz


150m at 445 kHz

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System 5000

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System 5000 Multi-Beam

Army/Navy Nomenclature
AN/SQH-4B

Technology

Multi-beam
5 Beams per side

Frequency

455 kHz

Along Track Res

20 cm to 75m
36 cm to 150m

Across Track Res

3.75 cm

Tow Speed

2 to 10 knots

Depth Rating

200m

Max Range

150m/side

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System 5000 V2
With Interferometric
Bathymetry

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System 5000 V2 Multi-Beam


Reconnaissance Mode Extended Range
Technology

Multi-beam
5 Beams/side
FM Chirp

Frequency

455 kHz

Along Track Res

10 cm to 38m
20 cm at 75m
36 cm at 150m
50 cm at 250m

Across Track Res

3.75 cm

Tow Speed

2 to 10 Knots

Depth Rating

200m/500m

Max Range

250m/side

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System 5000 v2 with


Interferometric Bathymetry

Chirp Multibeam Side Scan + Interferometric


Bathymetry:
- Full side scan coverage to 10 knots

AUV, Towed or Vessel Mount Configurations:


- Vessel or Pole mount best for hydrographic survey
- Topography augments side scan in towed operation

AUV 5000 v2 BATHY

5000 v2 BATHY Pole-Mount

AUV 5000 v2 Towfish

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Note
Contrast
(see next slide)

S5000 MKI - Range = 150m

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Note better
contrast vs. V1

S5000 V2 - Range = 150m

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System 5000 V2 Sonar Data

Range 150m, Speed 7.5 Knots

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S5000 V2:
-Range = 250m
-Water depth (total) = 21m

Lobster Pot @ ~240m


(see next slide for Target)

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Lobster Pot Target @ ~240m

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S5000 V2:
- Range = 250m
- Water depth (total) = 21m

String of Lobster Pots

Klein S5000 V2 Time Synchronization


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Time synchronization of sonar, motion and


navigation data is critical to producing
accurate hydrographic data
Hardware in TPU used to precisely
synchronize time tagging of
sonar/sensor/navigation data to 1PPS pulse
from navigation system (or external time
reference)
Some motion sensors provide time tagged
data referenced to GPS time
Resultant timing errors < 50 microseconds

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SonarPro

SonarPro Workstation provides:


- operator interface
- survey planning
- data visualization & quality control
- target management
- data recording & playback
SonarPro also performs the side scan and bathymetry data processing.
Data can be logged in SDF, GSF or XYZ format

In addition to processed data, raw stave data can be logged together with all
motion, navigation, and heading and sound speed data. This permits
reprocessing of both side scan and bathymetry data in a post processing
environment

Klein S5000 V2 BATHY Bow Mount


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UNH R/V Coastal Surveyor


Bow mounted underwater
component

Applied Microsystems Micro


SV array sound speed probe
Applanix POS/MV combined
GPS navigation, motion and
heading

ODOM Digibar Pro sound


speed profiler

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Klein S5000 V2 BATHY Test Area

Portsmouth Harbor
Survey
1500 x 600 meter area
Speed 5 6 knots
Calm sea, low tide

7 north south lines


Focused on sandy area
northeast
Depth 10 25 meters

Data Collection and Processing


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Both SDF range / angle and raw


(complex stave) data were
collected
Range / angle (roll stabilized),
motion and sound speed
profile data were processed
using Hypack 9.0 software

Line spacing was set to range


scale (75 m) to facilitate
viewing nadir area and provide
complete overlap of adjacent
swath data

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Data Collection and Processing

Data in image was cut and


joined to show good agreement
in data both in depth and
position
Sand waves 40 to 120 cm. high

Spot check of grid cells to


either side of cut were within 20
cm of each other

Sand waves between lines


2 and 3
0.5 x 0.5 meter grid

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Klein S5000 V2 BATHY XYZ Data

Data from lines 2 4

Inner regions cut and joined


Outer regions single swaths
Sand waves at left can be seen to
edge, although noise is increasing
Feature at lower left is about 1 meter
high by 10 meters across

Upper right region used for depth


variation analysis
There is intentionally a Nadir Gap in this
image, for our testing purposes.

<==

300 meters

==>

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Summary BATHY Conclusion

The Klein S5000 V2 System is a


hydrographic survey system which
has the ability to simultaneously
collect IHO quality swath bathymetry
and high resolution multi-beam side
scan sonar data in a fully corrected
and geo-referenced data set
System demonstrated to meet IHO,
Order 1 requirements up to 12X water
depth

The dual functionality of the Klein


S5000 V2 effectively allows two
surveys to be accomplished in one
pass saving significant ship time and
expense
AUV 5000 PIPE INSPECTION SURVEY
Image courtesy of SHOM, GESMA & ECA

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System 5000 Hull Mount

Hull Mounted S5000 on


NOAA Launch

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System 5900

System 5900

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Technology

Multi-beam
FM Chirp

Frequency

600 kHz

Along Track Res

7.5 cm to 50m
15 cm at 100m
25 cm at 125m

Across Track Res

3.75 cm

Tow Speed

2 to 12 Knots

Depth Rating

200m/500m

Max Range

125m/side

3D Bathymetric

Optional

Gap Filler

Optional

System 5900

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Multibeam SSS
Interferometric Bathymetry Option
Gap Filler Sonar Option
Motion Sensor
Pressure Sensor
Controllable Depressor Wing
Other Options:
Magnetometer
Transponder

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Klein Interferometric Bathymetry

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Klein Interferometric Bathymetry

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Klein Sonar for


AUV/ROV

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AUV 3000

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AUV 3000
Dual frequency, simultaneous operation
Choice of any combination of two
center frequencies
300, 450, 600, 900 and 1800 kHz
Performance similar to the single beam
(dual frequency) S3000 side scan sonar

AUV 3000

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Specifically designed for the AUV market


Compact/small physical footprint
Low power consumption
Suitable for operation in noisy integration
environments
Modular components (and interfaces) for
ease of integration in a variety of vehicles

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AUV 3000 SSS Specifications,


450/900 kHz

Center freq
Tx-signal
Tx-power (peak)
Tx-pulse length
Tx-bandwidth
Min/Max operating range
PRF Max/Min
Output sample rate

450 & 900 kHz


FM-Chirp
25 W/side/Freq
2-4 msec
120 kHz (900 kHz),
45 kHz (450 kHz)
12.5/300 m
60/2.5 Hz
20 kHz nominal

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AUV 3000 Data Retrieval

After the AUV is retrieved, the data is downloaded via


the Ethernet/LAN or USB to a User PC running Klein
SonarPro as a viewing application.
Alternately, the data may be imported via Ethernet or
local mass storage device directly into the AUV
operating software

Onboard SSS processing possible allows for


integration with CAD/CAC software

AUV 3000 Specifications

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Input Voltage: 22 to 32 VDC


Power Consumption

Simultaneous Dual Freq SSS: ~ 18 W nominal


Single Freq SSS : ~ 12 W nominal
Selectable Dual Freq w/ Bathy : ~ 36 W nominal
Selectable Dual Freq w/ SBP : TBA

Size
Designed to fit inside a 5 vehicle

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System 5000
AUV

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System AUV 5000 Payload

Technology

Multi-beam
5 Beams/side

Frequency

455 kHz

Along Track Res

20 cm at 75m
36 cm at 150m

Across Track Res

3.75 cm

AUV Speed

2 to10 Knots

Depth Rating

200m

Max Range

150m/side

Bluefin Robotics BPAUVs

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System AUV 5000 V2 Payload

Technology

Multi-beam
5 Beams/side
FM Chirp

Frequency

455 kHz

Along Track Res

10 cm to 38m
20 cm at 75m
36 cm at 150m
50 cm at 250m

Across Track Res

3.75 cm

AUV Speed

2 to10 Knots

Depth Rating

500m

Max Range

250m/side

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Sidescan Array

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5000 v2 Array - Section

Transmit Array
Receive Array

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AUV 5000 Mk1 Performance

Resolution
10 cm to 37.5 m range or
20 cm to 75 m range and
0.14 deg 75 m to 150 m range (36 cm at
150 m)

Power Consumption
150 w (approximate)

Beam Forming
DSP Platform

AUV 5000 V2 Performance

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Longer Range
250m (each, P/S = 500 m swath) in extended mode; clearly
identifies objects as small as a lobster pot at >240m

Higher Resolution
Two-mode simultaneous operation (available because of
recording of raw data)

10 cm to 37.5 m range
20 cm to 75 m range
36 cm to 150 m range
50 cm to 150 m 250 m

Lower Power Consumption


85W (nominal); almost half of 5000 Mk1

Data Storage
Storage of Raw Data for Advanced Processing

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AUV 5000 V2 Specifications

Multibeam Sidescan
Frequency:
Pulse Type:

Pulse Lengths
Sonar Range:
Sonar Across Track Resolution:
Sonar Along Track Resolution:

455 KHz
CW or Linear FM
(CHIRP)
up to 16msec
150m nominal;
250 m extended
3.75cm
20cm to 75m
38cm to 50 m 250m

AUV 5000 V1 vs. V2: Bottom Line

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The Klein 5000 v2 Offers the Following Enhancements


over the original 5000 (Mk1):

Extended Swath: 250m vs. 150m


Reduced Power Consumption (85 W vs. 150 W);
results in up to 20% endurance increase in a
typical 24-hour AUV mission
Greater Signal-to-Noise at all ranges
Synchronous Power system
Much smaller packaging fits in 12 FF.
Bathymetry Option

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S5000 V2 - Range = 250m

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S5000 V2 - Range = 150m

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S5000 V2 - Range = 150m

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True Multi-Beam

Multi-Pulse

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Note the Squared Edges.


Clearly, this is an object of
interest (MLO).

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Thank You!
For More Information,
Please Contact
Tim Alavosus
Director of Sales and Marketing
L-3 Klein Sonar Products
tim.alavosus@L-3com.com
(+1) 603.339.1928