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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011


Department of Chemistry

Course Syllabus, Winter 2011

All Course Sections


A01; Room: EITC, room E3-270

Tues. & Thurs.: 8:30 9:45 A.M.

S. Kroeker (scott_kroeker@umanitoba.ca)
Office: 458 Parker

A02; Room: R. B. Schultz Lecture Theatre,

172 St. Johns College
Tues. & Thurs.: 1:00 2:15 P.M

F. Gauvin (gauvinf@cc.umanitoba.ca)
Office: 216C Parker

A03; Room: 204 Armes

Tues. & Thurs.: 2:30 3:45 P.M

J. Cullen (cullen@cc.umanitoba.ca)
Office: 336 Parker

A04; Room: R. B. Schultz Lecture Theatre,

172 St. Johns College
Mon., Wed., & Fri.: 2:30 3:20 P.M.

J. Xidos (xidos@cc.umanitoba.ca)
Office: 520A Parker

G10; Room: Parker 539

Tues. Fri.: 11:30 AM 12:20/12:45

D. Armstrong (darmstro@cc.umanitoba.ca)
Office: 488 Parker

The CHEM 1310 Laboratory Program is held in the Parker building. Scheduling information about the
laboratory program is outlined on pages 1 through 3 of the CHEM 1310 Laboratory Manual. Bench
numbers will be posted on the bulletin board at the North end lobby of Parker Building during the week
preceding the laboratory program.

Winter 2011 Term Course Coordinator:
J. Cullen, 336 Parker Building, email: cullen@cc.umanitoba.ca
Laboratory Supervisors and Course Administrators:
F. Gauvin, 216C Parker Building, email: gauvinf@cc.umanitoba.ca
K. Koczanski, 215 Parker Building, email: koczansk@cc.umanitoba.ca

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

If you have questions

For general questions about the course material:
Contact your lecturer.
Visit the A.N. Campbell Resource Centre, 256 Parker Building, MondayFriday and consult with any
of the lecturers or TAs on duty; the office hour schedule will be posted.
For administrative questions (conflicts in exam times, problems regarding grades, etc.):
Contact the course coordinator (J. Cullen).
For questions about the laboratory program:
Contact the laboratory supervisors (F. Gauvin, K. Koczanski).
For technical questions:
first contact your lecturer, and if (s)he cannot help you, contact:
o for ANGEL and i-clicker: J. Cullen
o for WileyPLUS and MOPAC/WebMO: J. Xidos
o for Late Nite Labs: F. Gauvin

Course description
Chemistry involves the study of matter and its changes. In your first chemistry course (CHEM 1300), you
studied the structure of matter (atoms, elements, molecules, compounds, solid state, etc.). In CHEM 1310,
we shall more specifically study the reactivity of matter, including real world applications. The course is
subdivided in five sections:
1. Thermodynamics (energy involved in chemical and physical processes and reaction spontaneity)
2. Chemical Kinetics (rates of reactions and reaction mechanisms)
3. Chemical Equilibrium (reversible reactions)
4. Acids and Bases (structural and equilibrium factors that determine acidity and basicity)
5. Electrochemistry (reduction-oxidation reactions, galvanic cells, and cell potentials)

Role of CHEM 1310

CHEM 1300 is the second part of the fundamental chemistry courses that are offered to students who
specialized in health, natural, or physical sciences. This course will put more emphasis on quantitative methods
and mathematical tools than CHEM 1300. Many of the covered topics will be applicable in other courses,
regardless of which program you will follow. Apart from the fact that this course is a necessary prerequisite, it
can also be seen as an opportunity to improve your problem-solving skills. Together, CHEM 1300 and 1310
courses constitute the basic chemistry requirements of many non-chemistry programs (Microbiology, Dentistry,
Medicine, Pharmacy, Biosystems and Mechanical Engineering) and they also form the basis of a Chemistry or
Biochemistry major.

All students entering CHEM 1310 have completed CHEM 1300 and should also have a minimum of two
years of previous chemistry study or its equivalent. Elementary math skills, like setting up and solving
linear and quadratic equations, using logarithm and exponential functions, are assumed and not explicitly
taught in class (see Math Skills section of the e-book in WileyPLUS).

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

Registration eligibility
It is your responsibility to ensure that you are entitled to be registered in this course. This means that:
you have the appropriate prerequisites, as noted in the calendar description, or have permission from
the Chemistry Department to waive these prerequisites.
if you are not entitled to be in this course, you will be withdrawn, or the course may not be used in
your degree program. There will be no fee adjustment, and this cannot be appealed.

Laboratory exemptions
Students who have taken CHEM 1310 earlier, and who wish to repeat it, may qualify for a laboratory
exemption: to do so, you need to apply at 360 Parker Building (Chemistry General Office). The following
rules apply:
Laboratory exemptions will only be given within two calendar years after completion of the
laboratory and can only be used once.
Laboratory marks will be carried forward if taking a laboratory exemption.
You must get at least 60% in the laboratory program to receive an exemption.

Special Needs
We encourage students with disability-related special needs to participate in our programs. If you are
experiencing difficulties with your studies or assignments, or have a disability or illness which may affect
your course of study, please discuss these issues with a councillor in one of the following Student Affairs
offices as soon as possible:
Disability Services, 155 University Center, 474-6213 (voice), 474-9790 (TTY).
Learning Assistance Center, 201 Tier Building, 480-1481.
Student Counselling and Career Centre 474 University Center, 474-8592.

ANGEL Learning Course Sites

Two ANGEL Learning course sites, one for the Lecture and one for the Laboratory Program are
available for CHEM 1310 students at: http://www.umanitoba.ca/angel.
Registered students will automatically be allowed to access these sites during the term.
The Angel sites are a primary source for communication and online course materials. Visit regularly
so that you are up-to-date with course announcements.
Information posted on the Angel sites include: the course syllabus, review materials, course-related
internet and e-mail links, lecture notes, practice exams, exam keys (posted after exams), and marks.

Course materials

Textbook Package: ISBN 9780470939451, Bookstore price: $111.95. Contains:

o J. Olmsted, G. Williams, R.C. Burk; Chemistry, Canadian Edition.
o Access code for WileyPLUS, the e-book, and the solutions manual.
o Optional: you can forego purchasing the paper copy of the textbook and simply purchase the
access code for WileyPLUS, the e-book, and the solutions manual. This can be done at
Bookstore checkout counters or from the WileyPlus website for $72.95.
I-Clicker: ISBN 9780716779391, Bookstore price: $39.95.
o Used clickers are available at the Customer Service Desk in the Bookstore for $29.96.

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

Laboratory Manual: ISBN 9780470939451. Bookstore price: TBA. Contains:

o F. Gauvin, K. Koczanski; Laboratory Manual 2010-2011 for CHEM 1310.
o Access code for Late Nite Labs REACTOR Registration.
Laboratory coat and safety glasses are required in the CHEM 1310 Laboratory Program.
o The Chemistry Graduate Student Association sell new lab coats and safety glasses for $20 and $6,
respectively. Location and times of these sales will be announced in class.
o Lab coats and safety glasses are also available in the Bookstore.
Optional Calculations Guide:
o E. Smirnova, N.R. Hunter; A Survival Kit for Stoichiometry, Ratios, and Proportions. Available
for sale at the Chemistry General Office, 360 Parker ($4.00, exact change).

Things to do in preparation for CHEM 1310

Buy all required course materials.

Review CHEM 1300 and High School Chemistry material.
Prepare for the lab:
o Read information about laboratory program and safety policies in laboratory manual (pg 1 20).
o Preview Experiment 1.
o Read information about our Virtual Laboratory Program activities (pg 21 - 31).
o Setup your Late Nite Labs REACTOR account at: http://www.latenitelabs.com/.
 Your PIN code is included on a sheet attached with your lab manual.
 Your Section Code is: 10176721.
Register your i-clicker:
o Go to the i-clicker registration website at: http://www.iclicker.com/registration/.
o Your "Student ID is your 7-digit University of Manitoba student number.
o Your Clicker ID is printed on the back of your clicker.
Register for online assignments with WileyPLUS:
o Go to the class URL: http://edugen.wiley.com/edugen/class/cls204207/ and follow the
registration instructions.
o Your "Student ID is your 7-digit University of Manitoba student number.


You are required to attend classes and participate through the use of i-clickers.
You are expected to be respectful of your fellow classmates and your lecturer. Please refrain from
making noise during lectures and turn off your cell phone.
You are responsible for all course material, whether or not it is explicitly covered in class. It is a
good idea to read ahead.
It is in your best interests to complete all on-line assignments. You are encouraged to also complete
the suggested end-of-chapter questions.
Laboratory attendance is required. You must earn a passing grade of at least 60% in the laboratory
program to pass the course.

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

Important dates
See 2010/11 online calendar at http://umanitoba.ca/student/records/deadlines/index.html.
January 5
January 5 18
January 6
January 17
January 23
February 6
February 21 25
February 27
March 3
March 18
March 20
April 8
April 11 26

Classes begin, Assignment 1 opens

Registration revision Period for Winter Term courses
Last date for Winter term fee payment without financial penalty
Laboratory Program begins
Assignment 1 due before midnight, assignment 2 opens
Assignment 2 due before midnight, assignment 3 opens
Midterm break no classes
Assignment 3 due before midnight, assignment 4 opens
Midterm examination, 7:00 9:00
Last day for Voluntary Withdrawal for Winter Term 2011 courses
Assignment 4 due before midnight, assignment 5 opens
Last day of classes, assignment 5 due before midnight
Final examination period

Calculation of final grade

Final percentage grades will be calculated automatically as the best mark derived using the two
marking schemes below.
Scheme B:
Scheme A:
Laboratory Program:
Laboratory Program:
Online Assignments:
Online Assignments:
In-class Participation:
In-class Participation:
Midterm examination:
Final Examination:
Final Examination:

A final letter grade will be assigned based on your final percentage grade as follows:
67.0 73.9%
40.0 49.9%
80.0 89.9% A
60.0 66.9%
< 40.0%
74 79.9%
50.0 59.9%
We do not round up final percentage grades and we do not scale final class results.
We do not accept or offer any other options for improving grades.
You must earn a passing grade of at least 60% in the laboratory program to pass the course despite
your performance in other aspects of the course.

In-class participation

Participation points are earned when you answer questions during class:

Your lecturer will ask the class to respond to clicker questions throughout the term. How many
questions and when they will be asked will vary from one lecturer to another. You must use your
i-clicker to answer these questions; no other type of input will be accepted.

Some lecturers may on occasion ask you to submit written or verbal answers to questions asked
during in class quizzes and/or problem sessions.

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

You will earn 1 participation point for every question that you answer. Most questions will require
you to select a correct answer in these cases, answering correctly is worth an additional 1
participation point.

The participation point total for a class will be the sum of all participation points that could be earned
throughout the term. This total will be different for each lecture section.

Your final participation grade will depend on what fraction of the total number of participation points
you earn during the term:
Earn > 75% of the total participation points:
Earn 75% of the total participation points:

4 marks
earned participation points
0.75 (total participation points )

4 marks

You can only earn points in the lecture section that you are enrolled in you cannot earn additional
points if you attend lectures in sections other than your own.
You are responsible for bringing your clicker to class, setting your clicker to the correct frequency,
and ensuring that the clicker is working correctly.
There will be no special consideration given for unrecorded clicks.
Special consideration will only be considered for students who miss more than one week of lectures
for legitimate reasons with documentation (e.g. lengthy illness, compassion reasons, Universityrelated activities).
No consideration will be made of other reasons, such as forgotten, missing, or stolen clickers, short
term illness, transportation or weather-related troubles, non-University related events, etc.
Please inform your lecturer if you change or get a new clicker midway through the term.
It is considered to be academic dishonesty to operate more than one i-clicker in a given class, whether
the extra i-clicker is yours or an absent classmates.

Online assignments

There are five assignments, all having equal weight, with due dates indicated above.
Do not begin an assignment close to the deadline, as they will take time to complete.
No extensions or make-up possibilities will be given for any assignment. Special cases may be
considered only for documented medical or compassion reasons.

Laboratory grades

A total of 20 marks can be obtained for the lab part of the course:
Online pre-lab exercises:

2 marks

Lab reports:

17 marks

Performance in the lab (including safety):

1 mark

Regardless of your total score in the course, you need a grade of at least 60% in the lab component to
pass CHEM 1310!

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

Midterm examination

The midterm exam will be 2 hours long and written on Wednesday, March 2, 2011, 7:00 9:00 PM.
The midterm exam will consist of a combination of multiple-choice and open answer questions.
You will need to bring pencils, pens, an eraser, a calculator, and Student I.D. to the midterm.
There is NO makeup midterm exam. If you miss the midterm exam, marking scheme B will
automatically apply.

Final examination

The final exam will be 3 hours long; its date and time will be set by the registrars office.
The final exam will consist of a combination of multiple-choice and open answer questions.
You will need to bring pencils, pens, an eraser, a calculator, and Student I.D. to the exam.
Students who miss the final exam without a legitimate reason will receive a score of zero for the exam.
Students who miss the final exam with legitimate reasons may apply to the Dean of their faculty for
an examination deferral. The deferred examination will be written in early May (time and location to
be announced). If you have a University class or laboratory scheduled for this time, please contact the
course coordinator ASAP.


If you have concerns or questions about posted scores, examination problems, and/or answer keys,
promptly consult the course coordinator.
For concerns or questions about laboratory reports, consult one of the laboratory coordinators. The
appeal of a laboratory report grade must be made within two weeks of the return of the report.
No appeals of laboratory, assignment, or mid-term examination grades will be considered after the
final examination has been written.

Review of final exam script

The Faculty of Science has established a policy to permit students the opportunity to review their
final exam script prior to the end of the Grade Appeal period.
The Department of Chemistry has developed a procedure that requires students to complete an
application form prior to the review of their final exam script. The Application Form can be obtained
from the Department of Chemistry General Office (360 Parker).

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

Course Objectives
Prerequisite Knowledge
Before coming into CHEM 1310, you should already be able to:
Convert between mass, volume, density and concentration for gases, liquids, solids, and solutions.
Write balanced chemical equations and use them to carry out stoichiometry calculations, including
the concept of limiting reagent.
Name inorganic chemical compounds.
Define acidity and basicity, use these definitions to classify reactants as acids and bases, and
recognize and name common acids and bases.
Assign oxidation states and use these to classify reactants as oxidants and reductants.
Apply concepts learned in CHEM 1300, including atomic structure, electron configurations, periodic
trends, bonding models, intermolecular forces, crystal structure, and organic chemistry.
These concepts are essential to CHEM 1310 and subsequent courses in chemistry and other subject areas,
and will be tested in CHEM 1310 assignments, labs, and exams. Your textbook does not cover all of
these topics; notes on some review topics are posted on Angel.

Section 1: Thermodynamics (about 4 weeks)

Energy and its conservation (section 3.1 3.5, pg 130 176).
Heats of phase changes (first subsection of section 8.6, pg 463 - 466).
Sponteneity of chemical processes (sections 11.1 11.5, pg 610 654).
Learning objectives
Recognize the types of energy of interest to chemists.
Understand the first law of thermodynamics and the concepts of heat and work.
Understand the origins of energy changes in chemical reactions.
Apply the principles of calorimetry to determine energy changes in a chemical reaction.
Understand and calculate enthalpy and internal energy.
Determine enthalpies of phase changes and explain them in terms of intermolecular forces.
Identify the system and the surroundings in a process.
Calculate the total entropy change of a process from the entropy changes of the system and the
Place substances in increasing order of absolute entropy.
Calculate the entropy change of a reaction from standard absolute entropies.
Calculate the free energy change of a reaction either from standard free energies of formation, or
from standard enthalpies of formation and standard entropies.
Calculate the temperature at which a reaction becomes spontaneous.
Calculate vapour pressures from thermodynamic data.
Suggested end-of-chapter problems
Chapter 3: 7, 11, 15, 19, 21, 23, 25, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 51, 53, 55, 57, 59, 63, 65, 73, 75, 81
Chapter 8: 45, 51,
Chapter 11: 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 55, 57, 59,
61, 63, 65, 71, 81

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

Section 2: Kinetics (about 2 weeks)

Kinetics: mechanisms and rates of reactions (sections 12.1 12.7, pg 672 733).
Learning objectives
Explain the concepts of a mechanism and a rate-determining step in a chemical reaction.
Determine the rate of a reaction based on the rate of change of concentration of a reactant or product.
Determine the rate law, given the mechanism and knowledge of the relative rates of steps of a
Determine the rate of a reaction based on the rate of change of concentration of a reactant or product.
Show that the mechanism and rate law are closely related.
Explain and quantify the effects of temperature on a reaction rate.
Explain the mechanisms by which catalysts function.
Suggested end-of-chapter problems
Chapter 12: 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 47, 49, 51, 55, 59, 63,
65, 69, 73, 77, 79

Section 3: Equilibrium (about 2 weeks)

Principles of chemical equilibrium (sections 13.1 13.6, pg 750 799).
Solubility equilibrium (section 15.4, pg 898 909).
Learning objectives
Explain the dynamic nature of equilibrium in terms of reversibility.
Understand some of the properties of equilibrium constants.
Relate the equilibrium position to thermodynamic quantities.
Predict the effects on the equilibrium position of changing concentrations or temperature.
Solve quantitative equilibrium problems.
Perform equilibrium calculations on reactions in aqueous solution.
Use the concepts of KSP and the common-ion effect to calculate solution concentrations.
Suggested end-of-chapter problems
Chapter 13: 1, 3, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 39, 41, 45, 47, 55, 63, 65
Chapter 15: 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 63, 75

Section 4: Acids and Bases (about 2 weeks)

Aqueous acid-base equilibrium (sections 14.1 14.7, pg 815 853).
Acid-base titrations (section 15.3, pg 879 897).
Learning objectives
Use the BrnstedLowry theory of acids and bases
Relate pH to concentrations of ions in solution
Calculate concentrations and pH in weak acid and base solutions
Recognize and name some common acids and bases
Calculate the pH of solutions of salts of weak acids or bases
Explain the factors that contribute to the strength of an acid
Calculate concentrations in solutions involving multiple equilibria
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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

Calculate an acid or base concentration from titration data.

Suggested end-of-chapter problems
Chapter 14: 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 21, 23, 25, 29, 33, 35, 37, 39, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49 (correction:
phenol = benzene with hydroxide group), 51, 53, 59, 61, 65, 71, 73,
Chapter 15: 21, 23, 25, 27, 59, 61, 71

Section 5: Electrochemistry (about 1.5 weeks)

Electron transfer reactions (sections 16.1 16.5, pg 930 972).
Learning objectives
Use oxidation numbers to show what is being oxidized and what is being reduced in a redox reaction.
Balance redox reactions using the half-reaction method.
Describe galvanic cells.
Calculate standard cell potentials.
Relate cell potential to the reaction conditions.
Suggested end-of-chapter problems
Chapter 16: 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 31, 33, 35, 37, 39, 43, 45, 65, 67, 69,
71, 73, 75, 77, 83

Focus Sections
Each chapter has a number of Focus sections (e.g. Focus 4-1 on pg 212 213) that provide real world
examples of the theory in practice. These sections are interesting to read and may be referred to in class.
You are not required to memorize the specific details in these sections. However, you are expected to be
able to apply learned principles and theory to real world scenarios that can include those covered in these
Laboratory program
Expt 1: Synthesis of Acetylsalicyclic Acid (review material in lab manual).
Expt 2: Analysis of Acetylsalicyclic Acid (review material in lab manual).
Expt 3: Specific Heat of Copper (review section 3.2 and 3.4).
Expt 4: Heat of Reaction, Hesss Law, and Heat of Dissolution (review 3.2 3.4 and 5.4 5.5).
Expt 5: Equilibrium Systems: Buffer Solutions (review section 15.1 15.2).
Expt 6: Chemical Kinetics Initial Rates Method (review section 12.1 12.4).
Expt 7: Titration of Strong and Weak Acids (Titration Curves; review section 15.3).
Expt 8: Qualitative Solubility and KSP of Calcium Hydroxide (review section 15.4).
Expt 9: Computational Modelling of Chemical Reactions (review section 10.5 and chapter 12).
Learning objectives
Operate safely in a chemical laboratory, assess hazard and environmental issues associated with
chemicals, and dispose of chemicals accordingly.
Perform standard chemistry techniques and select appropriate equipment and glassware for specific
experimental procedures.
Report on experiments, and estimate errors associated with measurements.

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CHEM 1310

Syllabus Winter 2011

Academic integrity policies

Copying another student's examination, laboratory reports, or assignments, or an instructor's answer sheet
from a previous year is plagiarism. Plagiarism and other forms of cheating are prohibited. The full
definition of plagiarism and the possible penalties associated with it are outlined in the General Calendar
of the University. If you quote other sources of information in a laboratory report or other assignment,
you must give proper credit.

The possession of unauthorized materials during an examination, including "crib notes" (whether handwritten or contained within a computer/calculator), is considered cheating and subject to action by the
Student Disciplinary By-Law. Only calculators are permitted in an examination no texts, notes,
dictionaries, etc. Students found with cell phones, pagers, text in their calculators or other unauthorized
material during a chemistry examination will be given a grade of zero (0) on that examination.

Faculty of science statement on academic dishonesty

The Faculty of Science and The University of Manitoba regard acts of academic dishonesty in quizzes,
tests, examinations, laboratory reports or assignments as serious offences and may assess a variety of
penalties depending on the nature of the offence. Acts of academic dishonesty include, but are not limited
to, bringing unauthorized materials into a test or exam, copying from another individual, using answers
provided by tutors, plagiarism, and examination impersonation. Cell phones, pagers, PDAs, MP3 units
or electronic translators are explicitly listed as unauthorized materials, and must not be present
during tests or examinations.
Penalties that may apply, as provided for under the University of Manitoba's Student Discipline By-Law,
range from a grade of zero for the assignment or examination, failure in the course, to expulsion from the
University. The Student Discipline By-Law may be accessed at:
Suggested minimum penalties assessed by the Faculty of Science for acts of academic dishonesty are
available on the Faculty of Science Academic Dishonesty Guidelines and Penalties web-page
All Faculty members (and their teaching assistants) have been instructed to be vigilant and report all
incidents of academic dishonesty to the Head of the Department.

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