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Book 2 Situation 2

Preparation time p34


Jerrys (is) planning his winter break/ vacation / holiday, he asks Mason if he wants / d like
to go to D.C with him.
Theyd like (would like) Suzie to come with them, // because shes new in town, // shes
(has) never seen / visited / been to D.C before.

Mason/ Hell (will) call her and ask her (Suzie) tonight.

Hes certainly/probably stressed out and scared/afraid to talk to her , as / because he certainly/
probably has a crush on her

Mason will send her an email tomorrow.

Will prdiction : futur


Send : Base Verbale
Is Suzie coming ?
We dont know because Mason didnt send her an email.
Jerrys fed up because Mason will never ask her.

so hell do it !=will ask/ tell her.


Vocabulary :
I wont tell you !
Its none of your business

Kinda/gotta/gonna

1-You kind of like her.


2-You've got to be joking.

Dans les phrases ci dessous, est ce que les mots


souligns doivent-ils tre accentus?
Non.
Cela veut dire qu' l'oral ces
mots(grammaticaux=prpositions) se prononcent
avec la voyelle neutre.
Et donc on fait la liaison avec la consonne qui
prcde le d de kind, le t de got:
Kind of se prononce en un seul mot: kinda
got of se prononce en un seul mot: gota
Dans une langue crite familire courante aux
Etats Unis on voit parfois ces mots crits
gotta/kinda, ce qui et une sorte de transcription
de la faon de les prononcer!

Be going

You're never going to ask her,


are you?
Une prononciation rapide et
relache de la phrase ci dessus,
par exemple dans un amricain
familier, aboutit une
contraction de going + to: le
son t disparait et la diphtongue
de going se rduis au son de
voyelle de got ,plus facile
prononcer.

Well, during winter break, I 'll


probably visit my family, they
live in Strasbourg. I hope I'll find
the time to go to the cinema

and read a good book, but I


certainly won't do any
housework, I 'll just probably
have a rest. I'll mark my pupils
work
On passe donc de going to gona, que l'on voit
parfois crit gonna.
Attention, on utilise ces contractions l'crit que
dans un registre familier, quand on crit des
amis, dans des chansons populaires, jamais au
travail par exemple!
Will/'ll
1-I'll see her tomorrow in gym..
2-I'll call her this afternoon.
La contraction de Will est suivie d'une base
verbale.
A la forme ngative: will + not= won't.
On emploie will pour prdire l'avenir:
soit en se basant sur ses connaissances
( dans la phrase 1, le gars connait l'emploie
du temps de la fille)
soit en dcidant, en affirmant sa volont
( dans la phrase 2, le gars affirme/ dcide
qu'il appellera la fille.

Remarque: le nom Will signifie volont et


aussi testament ( c'est dire dernire
volonts).

THE WINTER BREAK(attention un exemple)


Practice time :
Suzys email
Suzy is very exited because shes going to Washington dc with jerry and Mason Moreover,
Masons coming and she fancies him.
she has a crush on him
has fallen in love with him
She thinks hes the cutest and the funniest boy ever.
the most handsome /
the cutest

guy at school.
the funniest

In D.C shes going to visit the most famous memorials.


Like the Lincoln memorial and the Jefferson memorial.
For example

For instance

Lincoln memorial

Jefferson memorial

.
1) The White House is the American presidents official residence.

2)The Elyse is the French presidents official residence.


3) Buckingham Palace is the British Queens official residence .
4)Barack Obama lives in D.C in the White House.
5)The Capitol is one of the most famous historical monuments in DC. Jefferson signed the
Declaration of Independance in 1776 which freed the 13 colonies from the English and
created the USA.

which=objet. ed= la marque du prtrit.


Abraham Lincoln abolished slavery in the USA and won the civil war but he was killed by a
sniper : a sudist.
Killed/murdered/assassinated/shot
dead

first president of the U.S.A. was elected in 1789 , the U.S. capital was
named after him ( G. W. ).
2) The first colony was founded in Virgina.
3) The first transcontinental railroad was built in the 1860s.
4) 17 million immigrants entered the U.S.A. trouths Ellis Island from
(dbut) January 1892 until (fin) 1954.

The Declaration of independence was signed by Thomas Jefferson

It freed the 13 colonies and founded /created the U.S.A


Slavery was abolished by Abraham Lincoln . The civil war was won by A.Lincoln and his
troops it was lost by the Southern states

Its a comic strip which talks about / deals with the history of the U.S.A

Shes going to visit all the most famous memorials such as / for example the Lincoln
memorial.
Lincoln memorial

In the inside Lincolns statue.

A memorial is a monument to remember national hereos such as / like Abraham Lincoln,


Thomas Jefferson and George Washington who were former presidents.
Who = humain. Were= Was au pluriel
George Washington was the first president of the USA.
a)Ce jour - l , Virginie m'a dit : " je viendrai demain . "
b) Ce jour - l , Virginie m'a dit qu'elle viendrait le lendemain .
Dans ces deux noncs , l'nonciateur rapporte les paroles de quelqu'un .
L'nonc a est au discours direct ( on utilise des guillemets ) , l'nonc b est au
discours indirect .
En anglais , on utilise peu les guillemets et on prfre la virgule pour introduire
le discours direct .
Les verbes introducteurs :
Pour rapporter les paroles de quelqu'un, au discours direct comme au discours
indirect , on a besoin d'un verbe introducteur. Voici quelques uns des verbes les
plus courants:
To tell= dire / To say= dire / To hope= esprer / To answer= rpondre /
To write= crire / To add= ajouter / To exclaim= s'exclamer / To protest=

protester / To report= rapporter / To explain= expliquer / To think= penser .


ATTENTION ! il faut bien distinguer say de tell. Ces deux verbes se traduisent par
" dire ", mais leur emploi est diffrent. Avec tell, l'interlocuteur est cit: le nom
ou le pronom est plac immdiatement aprs tell ( tell somebody something ).
Avec say, l'interlocuteur n'est pas ncessairement cit: s'il l'est, on l'introduit par
la prposition to ( say somthing to somebody ).
Ex : He says ( that ) he is English. Il dit qu'il est anglais .
He tells me ( that ) he is English. Il me dit qu'il est anglais .
Toutefois, tell s'emploie dans quelques expressions sans mention d'un
interlocuteur.
Ex : To tell the truth. dire la vrit.
To tell the time. dire l'heure.
To tell a story. raconter une histoire.
Le discours indirect: temps et aspect:
Le passage du discours direct au discours indirect entrane des modifications
dans les formes verbales ,les pronoms ,les dterminants ,les repres spatiaux et
temporels .
Si le verbe introducteur est au prsent:
Il n'y a pas de changement de temps.
Ex : Bill says it's cold. Bill dit qu'il fair froid.
Si le verbe introducteur est au pass:
En rgle gnrale,on applique la concordance des temps comme en franais.
- prsent preterit ;
Ex : Jane said,"I'm cold ". Jane said she was cold. Jane a dit qu'elle avait froid.
- preterit simple et present perfect past perfect;
Ex : "I saw a wild goose " , said Phil . Phil said he had seen a wild goose.
Phil a dit qu'il avait vu une oie sauvage .
- modaux: will would , can could , may might;
Ex : Sarah promised, "I'll come with you" Sarah promised she would come with
me.
Sarah a promis qu'elle viendrait avec moi.

ATTENTION ! Cette rgle ne s'applique pas si le message rapport est toujours


vrai au moment o l'on parle .
Ex : "I have never been to Australia", Jim said.
Jim said he has never been to Australia.
Jim a dit qu'il n'tait jamais all en Australie .
EXERCICES:
1) Dans le texte suivant , reprez trois phrases au discours direct et trois phrases
au discours indirect .
An oil spill took lace off Cape Town two weeks ago, endangering the lives of
African penguins.
a) Experts say it's the biggest ever evacuation of wildlife.
b) "We are going to save what we can save", Tony Williams, a conversation
scientist, told reporters.
c) He said," There could be up to 15,000 penguin chicks in the area, many of
them abandonned by their oiled parents".
d) It is estimated that the evacuation will cost up to $5.8 million.
e) Cape Nature spokeswoman Aletta Jordaan said the crisis was the worst to hit
the colony on Dassen Island.
f) "It's terrible, she said , because one - fifh of the world's African penguins live in
this area".
2) Complter avec say ou tell la forme qui convient .
a) George ....... me that he was worried.
b) He ...... he was interested in the conservation of wild animals.
c) I ........ him that Iwas interested in that issue too.
d) "But, "I ...... "," I am not as pessimistic as you are".
e) "I'm not sure all these environmentalists are ........ the truth," I ........".
3) Ecrire les phrases qui ont t prononces en style direct .
a) Aletta Jordan sais an oil tanker had sunk in the ocean at the beginning of July.
b) She said the authorities had taken 6,500 adult penguins.
c) The authorities said they were going to save as many birds as possible.
d) She said the penguins would be cleaned up by volunteers.

e) She said they hoped to finish the job by the end of the month.
4) Traduire en en anglais.
a) Certaines personnes disent que le monde est en danger.
b) il y a cinquante ans, personne ne savait que l'homme pouvait tre un danger
pour la nature.
c) Tout le monde croyait que le progrs tait merveilleux.
d) Les gens taient persuads que la technique allait rsoudre tous les
problmes.
e) J'ai lu dans le journal que les scientifiques ne sont pas tous d'accord sur ce s