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ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

Relation among gsm,yarn count,stitch length & fabric construction


1. 1. KNITWARE MANUFACTURE & TECHNOLOGY COURSE NAME : SPECIAL KNIT
FABRIC & FINISHES COURSE CODE : TEX-2101 ASSIGNMENT ON: RELATION AMONG
GSM,YARN COUNT,STITCH LENGTH & FABRIC CONSTRUCTION REPORT SUBMITTED
TO MAHBUBUL HAQUE {LECTURER,BUFT} Submission Date : 16th July 2014
2. 2. THIS REPORT IS PRESENTED BY THE GROUP OF NAME & I.D. OF THE GROUP
MEMBERS SL NO. NAME OF THE STUDENT IDENTITY NUMBER 1 S.M.NAZMUL ALAM

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

131-092-0-135 2 HASAN MAHAMMUD NAYEEM 131-083-0-135 3 SUBHA JUTI


MAZUMDER 131-080-0-135 4 ZAHIDUL HAQUE MAZUMDER 131-079-0-135 5 ARJUN
GHOSH 131-056-0-135
3. 3. Introduction: FABRIC: Fabric is a manufactured assembly of fibres and yarns that has
substantial surface area inrelation to its thickness and sufficient cohesion to give the
assembly useful mechanicalstrength.Fabrics are most commonly woven or knitted.
Picture:Different types of fabrics GSM & YARN COUNT OF A FABRIC: The GSM of fabric is
one kind of specification of fabric which is very important for a textile engineer for
understanding and production of fabric. GSM means Gram per square meter that is the

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

weight of fabric in gram per one square meter. By this we can compare the fabrics in unit
area which is heavier and which is lighter. Count is very important factor for the Textile Yarn
Manufacturing. Maintaining the yarn count is mandatory to retain the quality of a yarn and
fabrics. According to the Textile Institute Count is a number of indicating the mass per unit
length or length per unit mass of yarn. Generally Yarn Count is the weight per unit length of
the yarn of the length of per unit length. We Select the correct Yarn count for specific fabric
(such as-Double Lacoste) GSM by the following process: For Double Lacoste , Say, the
require GSM is 220 Yarn count = (-0.167) X (GSM) + 64.36 = (-0.167) X (220) + 64.36 =
-36.74 + 64.36 = 27.62

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

4. 4. So, to knit 220 gsm Double Lacoste fabric we need yarn count 27.62/s Picture:GSM vary
with yarn count Different types of fabric has different Yarn count.GSM & Yarn count are
related with each other.Changes of fabric GSM vary with yarn count. In single jersey fabric : If
the yarn count is 30/s then the grey gsm will be 80% to 85% less from the finished GSM If
the yarn count is 26/s then the grey gsm will be 78% to 80% less from the finished GSM If
the yarn count is 24/s then the grey gsm will be 76% to 77% less from the finished GSM If
the yarn count is 20/s then the grey gsm will be 76% to 79% less from the finished GSM In
P/int fabric : If the yarn count is 40/s then the grey gsm will be 72% less from the finished
GSM If the yarn count is 34/s then the grey gsm will be 72% less from the finished GSM If

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

the yarn count is 30/s then the grey gsm will be 74% less from the finished GSM If the yarn
count is 26/s then the grey gsm will be 72% less from the finished GSM If the yarn count is
24/s then the grey gsm will be 72% less from the finished GSM STITCH LENGTH OF A
FABRIC: The stitch length setting on your sewing machine allows to adjust the number of
stitches sewn per inch. Is the theoretically is as Stitch length is theoretically a single length of
yarn which includes one needle loop and adjacent needle loops on either side of it. Loop
exits in course in course length and it is that which influence fabric
5. 5. dimension and other properties including weight. In order to determine the stitch length,
we count 100 no Wales or stitch and count its length by hanging the yarn on the stitch

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

counter. The reading is found in mm unit.. The weight, thickness and type of fabric sewn will
determine the stitch length to use. All of these four things are related to each other.In this
Report we try to maintain different types of fabrics construction, yarn count,GSM & stitch
length of fabric.
6. 6. Relation Among Different types of fabrics construction, GSM,Yarn Count & Stitch Length
Fabric Construction Finished GSM Yarn Count Stitch Length(mm) Single Jersey/Plain 220240 20s 2.62 200-220 20s 2.87 180-200 25s 2.54 150-160 30s 2.59 120-140 34s 2.73
100-120 40s 2.74 110-120 50s 2.09 Interlock 270-310 25s 3.31 250-270 30s 3.07 210-240

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

34s 3.13 180-210 40s 2.03 160-180 50s 2.82 Single Rib 260-290 20s 2.98 220-260 25s
2.73 180-220 30s 2.73 160-190 34s 2.76 150-170 40s 2.56
7. 7. Fabric Construction Finished GSM Yarn Count Stitch Length(mm) Double Rib 320-360
30s 1.86 280-320 34s 1.86 260-290 40s 1.72 Pique Single 220-250 20s 2.56 190-220 25s
2.35 160-180 30s 2.36 140-160 34s 2.36 Pique Double 250-270 20s 2.77 210-240 25s
2.56 180-210 30s 2.46 160-180 34s 2.49 F/B Rib Single 290-320 20s 2.63 270-290 25s
2.29 230-260 30s 2.18 190-210 34s 2.36 F/B Rib Double 290-310 25s 2.45 260-280 30s
2.27 230-250 34s 2.25

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

8. 8. Fabric Construction Finished GSM Yarn Count Stitch Length(mm) Polyester S/J 150-170
50s 1.46 180-200 25s 2.46 Waffle 280-300 25s 2.31 240-270 30s 2.19 200-230 34s 2.29
Lycra Rib 320-350 20s-20D 2.95 270-310 25s-40D 2.72 260-280 30s-70D 2.44 240-270
34s-70D 2.28 Dourby Rib 260-290 20s 2.92 220-250 25s 2.73 190-220 30s 2.61 Lycra
Dourby F/S 300 30s 2.23 Lycra Jersey 260-280 30s-ALT-40D 1.90 220-240 34s-ALT-40D
1.97 180-210 40s-ALT-40D 1.97
9. 9. Lycra Jersey 150-170 50s-ALT-40D 1.92 220-250 34s-ALT-20D 1.92 180-220 40s-ALT20D 1.92 160-180 50s-ALT-20D 1.81 Heavy Jersey 300-350 30s-2ply 4.10 260-280 34s2ply 4.35 220-240 40s-2ply 4.34 180-200 50s-2ply 4.20 Fleece-2T 300-330 20s+20s 1.22

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

270-290 25s+20s 1.22 240-270 30s+20s 1.20 220-240 34s+20s 1.24 200-220 40s+20s
1.22 180-200 40s+25s 1.24 160-180 40s+30s 1.29 Fleece-3T 360-400 25s+10s 1.58 330360 30s+20s 1.22 310-340 34s+20s 1.20 280-300 40s+20s 0.90 230-260 50s+80s 0.47
Velour 270-290 25s+80s 0.52 240-260 30s+80s 0.56
10. 10. 220-240 34s+80s 0.58 190-210 40s+80s 0.64 Single Lacost 245-255 18s 3.00 210215 24s 2.64 200-210 26s 2.60 180-190 30s 2.50 CONCLUSION: The assignment has
come to a termination finally after lots of thinking, discussion and we uninterrupted trying. We
really have worked hard to complete this report well ahead. We wished to make it as a replica
of production so that it provides a complete knowledge about Fabrics GSM,Yarn count &

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

Stitch Length. Though there were some limitations like shortage of time that compelled us to
complete the thesis as soon as possible, even then we have tried to give our best. In this
report we have studied Study on effect of Fabrics in GSM variation according to the yarn
count. Here it has been shown different types of GSM of single jersey and rib fabric & other
kinds of fabrics. The reason of GSM variation is because of different yarn count. In addition,
we wanted to discuss some more topics, such as definition of Fabric,Fabric GSM
meaning,Yarn count meaning,& Stitch length Description etc.We also added some picture
about Fabrics & fabrics GSM,Stitch length & relation among them. In these assignment there
should be limitation of answer & data because of the limitation of time as well as due to

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

deficiency of enough sources of information, we could not meet these. Further research can
be conducted on those topics.

ising, Learn Fashion design.

Knitting Basics

There are two broad categories of knit textiles: weft and warp. Weft knits are
made by feeding yarn to all needles horizontally to construct a course. Weft knits
can be produced on either a circular knit machine or a flat bed machine.
In warp knitting, one yarn is used for each knitting needle. Each stitch in a course
is made by a different yarn.

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