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May 2004

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

ACO Fulbora watertight rainwater outlets for flat rroofs


oofs and
other ar
eas
areas

Product Catalogue and Specifiers Design Guide - 2 nd Edition

Certificate No.
FM13502

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Our modern, state of the art manufacturing plant


produces high quality products which have been used in
many hundreds of projects both in the UK and overseas.
We operate a quality system in accordance with
ISO 9001:2000.

ACO Fulbora
ACO Fulbora is a division of the ACO Group. The Group has
sales in excess of 250 million worldwide with production
facilities in 12 countries including the UK, Germany, USA,
France, Switzerland, Denmark, Australia and the Czech
Republic. In total more than 2500 people are employed in
27 countries throughout the world.
ACO Fulbora, based in Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
specialises in floor drains, channels, gullies, grease traps
and rainwater outlets manufactured from stainless steel,
polypropylene, galvanised steel, aluminium alloy, nickel
bronze and gun metal.

We aim to provide our customers with optimum solutions


and optimum support. Our qualified in-house engineers can
offer detailed technical advice and product information.
Purpose written CAD software enables us to provide
specifiers and end users with a no obligation design service
aimed at providing the optimum solution to drainage
problems. A team of experienced Area Sales Engineers is
available to give expert advice wherever and whenever
required.
ACO Fulboras comprehensive range of engineered
rainwater products is particularly suitable for all types of
flat roof and low pitched commercial and industrial roofing
applications.
Other products available from the ACO Fulbora portfolio
include linear and point drainage systems together with a
wide range of grease traps and interceptors for use in
industrial/commercial kitchens, food processing plants,
abattoirs, brewing/bottling plants, hospitals, hotels,
restaurants, chemical and pharmaceutical plants and
leisure facilities - anywhere in fact that requires hygienic and
corrosion resistant drainage products of the highest quality.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Flat Roofs

The Need for Rainwater Outlets

Contents

Over the past few years, there have been


major advances and improvements in the
materials used in modern roofing
technology. The specifier now has
renewed confidence to take full
advantage of the benefits of a flat roof
and low pitched roof design concept.

Any flat area needs careful design to


ensure efficient removal of surface water.
Traditionally, water from a flat roof or
other structure is channelled by way of a
slope to a rainwater pipe. Leaks can often
occur at the junction of the membrane
and the rainwater pipe.

Hydraulic Design

Flat roofs allow greater planning and


design flexibility - roof-top gardens,
terracing, patios, car parks, building
services and ventilation equipment,
delivery areas and provision for adding
additional storeys at a later date. All can
be accommodated in a flat roof design.

To overcome this potential problem,


ACO Fulbora rainwater outlets provide a
watertight joint between the membrane
and the outlet by mechanically clamping
the membrane to the sump unit. Tried and
tested for over 40 years, ACO Fulbora
outlets have been used successfully on all
types of flat roof construction.

Extensive or irregular shaped buildings


can be roofed more quickly, easily and
cost effectively than a pitched roof.

Flat roofs allow easy access to natural


light and because of the simple
construction, internal partitioning is easy.
This is especially advantageous for
commercial or industrial buildings.

Considerations
Overview

Geographical Location

Flow Rate Calculation

Effective Catchment Area of Roofs 5


Practical Design Tips

HP (High Per
Performance)
formance) range of outlets

Product Ranges
Mk 3 Range & Accessories

Internal condensation is less of a risk


because a flat roof uses less airspace
than a pitched roof. In addition, the need
to heat and illuminate voids is eliminated.

Introduction

Introduction

HP (High Performance) Range


& Accessories

11

FreeDeck Drainage System

27

Architectural Eaves Treatments

33

Appendices

provides rainwater drainage solutions for a


wide range of applications.

Material Selection

36

Typical Roof Construction Detail 38


Installation Guidelines

43

Flexible Pipe Couplings

45

Mk 3 range of ver
tical spigot rainwater
vertical
outlets.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Design Considerations

Hydraulic Design Considerations

Overview

Geographical Location

Flow Rate Calculation

The following notes are intended as a


guide to the specifier who is designing a
rainwater drainage system for a roof. It is
recommended that reference is made to
British Standard BS EN 12056 : 2000
Gravity Drainage Systems Inside
Buildings - Part 3 : Roof drainage, layout
and calculation for a comprehensive
design guide.

Rainfall intensity has a direct impact on


the performance requirements of any
rainwater drainage system. For roofs and
paved areas, it is normally impracticable
to guard against very infrequent,
extremely heavy rainfall situations and so
the designer should aim to strike a
balance between the cost of the drainage
system, the risk category of the building
and the frequency and subsequent
consequences of flooding.

The flow rate Q, from roofs, paved areas


and vertical walls and surfaces is
calculated as follows and assumes that all
surfaces are impermeable:

The drainage system for roofs and paved


areas should be capable of coping with
the intense rainfall that accompanies
summer thunderstorms.

A = Effective catchment area (m)

For any rainwater drainage system to


work effectively and reliably, due account
must be taken of the following
considerations:

Geographical location

Rainfall intensity

Effective catchment area of roof

Risk category of building

Hydraulic capacity of the drainage


system(s) employed

The UK experiences complex and varied


rainfall patterns. For example, surprisingly,
although the upland areas of northern and
western parts of the British Isles
experience higher average annual rainfall
than the lowland areas, the lowland areas
experience more frequent and more
intense short duration rainfall than the
upland areas. British Standard BS EN
12056 : 2000 may be referred to for
further information and guidance on this
topic.
A rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr (0.02 l/s/
m2) is used throughout this design
catalogue.

Q = A x I litres/second
3600

where
Q = Volumetric flow rate (l/s)

I = Rainfall intensity (75 mm/hr)

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Pitched Roofs

Flat Roofs & Paved Areas

The effective catchment area of a freely


exposed pitched roof draining to an eaves
or parapet wall gutter is equal to the plan
area of the roof plus half its maximum
elevation area.

For a monopitch flat roof or paved area


with a freely exposed horizontal surface,
the effective catchment area is equal to
the plan area of the area to be drained as
shown below:

Design Considerations

Effective Catchment Area of Roofs

Catchment Area B = a x b (m)

All linear dimensions in metres.


Figure 2. Monopitch Flat Roof
Catchment Area A = (f x l) + (g/2 x l) (m)
= l(f + g/2) (m)

All linear dimensions in metres.


Figure 1. Pitched Roof

For a flat roof with a dual pitch, split the


roof up into discrete areas to isolate the
catchment areas as follows:

Catchment Area C = c x d (m)


Catchment Area D = c x e (m)

All linear dimensions in metres.


Figure 3. Dual Pitch Flat Roof

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Effective Catchment Area of Roofs

Flat Roofs & Paved Areas with Adjacent Vertical Surfaces

Design Considerations

Flat roofs or paved areas that are


adjacent to vertical walls and/or glazed
surfaces will be subjected to an increased
hydraulic load due to the effects of wind
driven rain against these vertical surfaces
and subsequently running off onto the
roof.

Similarly, for a flat roof exposed to two or


more vertical walls forming an angle or
bay, the assumed resulting wind direction
requires that the combined areas of the
walls should be considered together as
follows:

For a flat roof exposed to a single wall as


shown in Figure 4, assume the effective
catchment area to be half the exposed
vertical area of the wall and is shown as
follows:

Roof Catchment Area B = a x b (m)


Vertical Wall Catchment Area E = a x H/2 (m)
Vertical Wall Catchment Area F = b x h/2 (m)
Total Catchment Area = (a x b) + (E+ F - 2F x Cos ) (m)

All linear dimensions in metres; angles in degrees.


Figur
e 5 Monopitch Flat Roof with T
wo
Figure
Two

From Figure 2, Catchment Area B = a x b (m)

Adjacent V
er
tical W
alls
Ver
ertical
Walls

Vertical Wall Catchment Area E = a x H/2 (m)


Total Catchment Area = (a x b) + (a x H/2) (m)

All linear dimensions in metres.


Figure 4. Monopitch Flat Roof with One
Adjacent V
er
tical W
all
Ver
ertical
Wall

Practical Design Tips


When designing an engineered rainwater
scheme, the following design hints are
suggested:

Always allow for a back-up outlet,


even though only one outlet may be
required.

Rainwater outlets should be inspected


and cleaned at least every 6 months
to ensure reliable and continuous
operation.

Do not design for the maximum outlet


hydraulic capacity, allow a 10% factor
of safety margin for intense storms
and leaf/debris blockage.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Mk 3 Range
The ACO Fulbora Mk 3 range of vertical
spigot rainwater outlets feature a unique
quick action twist release dome grate,
providing fast and convenient
maintenance.
The twist action eliminates the need for
central hook bolts/nuts or clamping bolts
that can be lost or mislaid during
maintenance visits. No tools are required
to remove the dome grate.

Mark 3 Range
Mk 3 Range

The ACO Fulbora Mk 3 range provides a


cost effective, high quality solution for
vertical spigot rainwater drainage.

A wide range of vertical spigot outlets are


available: 50 mm, 75 mm, 100 mm and
150 mm.

Mk 3 Range
Description
Mk 3 Range Accessories

8
10

Appendices
Material Selection
36
Typical Roof Construction Detail 38
Installation Guidelines
43
Flexible Pipe Couplings
45

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Mk 3 Range
Description
The ACO Fulbora Mk 3 range of vertical
spigot rainwater outlets provide a reliable,
watertight and convenient solution for flat
roof drainage applications.

Mk 3 rainwater outlet range.

Mk 3 Range

The dome grating attaches to the body


via a unique twist action that enables fast
and convenient removal and replacement
without the need for any tools.
All products are manufactured from LM6
grade aluminium alloy to BS 1490 as
standard for optimum corrosion
resistance.

The roof membrane is positively secured


into the outlet body by a clamp that is
serrated on the underside ensuring the
membrane is clamped evenly and reliably.
The unit ensures the integrity of the seal
between the clamp and body is not
disturbed when the grating is removed for
maintenance during the life of the
installation. The clamp is secured by
either 2 or 4 stainless steel fixings
depending upon the size of outlet.
A range of raising ring accessories are
available to raise the grating above the
level of insulation or surrounding surface.
Raising rings are simply added by the
same twist action associated with the
dome grating.

Gun-metal to BS EN 1982 : 199


available to special order. Gun-metal
should be specified for use in
conjunction with copper or lead-clad
roofs or when connected to copper
pipes. Refer to Appendix 1 for
further information. Suffix Sales
Code with GM for this option for
example, 4Mk3-D GM.

Product Features

Durable, corrosion resistant


construction.

Convenient twist action dome grate no tools required.

Mk 3 rainwater outlets with raising rings


attached.

Quick, easy maintenance.

High flow rates.

Optional PVC collar for solvent & heat


welded single ply membranes.

Gun-metal optionally available.

Options

Optional rigid PVC ring supplied


bonded to body flange to facilitate
solvent/heat welding of high
performance, single ply roofing
membranes. Suffix Sales Code with
PVC for this option for example,
6Mk3-D PVC.
Gratings and clamp rings can be
provided to suit corporate colour
schemes and coding as required.
For further details of any options,
contact the ACO Fulbora Sales Desk for
more information.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Mk 3 Range Vertical Spigot Dome Grate - Product Selector

Technical Information

Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

2Mk3-D

50

Dome

1.7

81

2.2

3Mk3-D

75

Dome

5.0

240

2.3

4Mk3-D

100

Dome

10.7

514

4.1

6Mk3-D

150

Dome

12.4

590

4.6

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

Mk 3 Range

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Physical Dimensions

Dimension

2Mk3-D

3Mk3-D

4Mk3-D

6Mk3-D

292

292

381

381

230

230

321

321

195

195

247

247

105

120

120

120

60

84

110

160

All dimensions in mm.

ACO f u l b o r a

Mk 3 Range

Rainwater engineering

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP (High Performance)
Range
The extensive range of products included
in the ACO Fulbora HP (High Performance)
range of outlets provides rainwater
drainage solutions for a wide range of
applications.
Key features of this high quality product
range include advanced grating geometry
increasing the flow of water through the
outlet compared to conventional units and
secure gratings to prevent vandalising
and theft.
The ACO Fulbora HP range provides a
high performance, cost effective, high
quality solution for most rainwater
applications.

HP Range

A wide range of outlet sizes and


configurations are available: 50 mm,
75 mm, 100 mm and 150 mm.

HP Range
Description
HP Vertical Spigot Outlet
HP Vertical Screw Outlet
HP 45 Spigot Outlet
HP 90 Spigot Outlet
HP Balcony Spigot Outlet
HP Two-Way Screw Outlet
HP Gully Spigot Outlet
HP Refurbishment Outlet
HP Accessories

12
15
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

Appendices
Material Selection
36
Typical Roof Construction Detail 38
Installation Guidelines
43
Flexible Pipe Couplings
45

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Range
Description
The ACO Fulbora HP range of rainwater
outlets provides a comprehensive
selection of high performance rainwater
outlet solutions for most domestic,
industrial and commercial applications
involving flat roofs, balconies and terracing.

Reduced Installation Costs


At the centre of the vortex, a void is
naturally formed as the water spirals
through the outlet. Under these
conditions, both water and air are drawn
into the outlet significantly reducing
efficiency. For maximum flow rate
efficiency, only water should enter the
outlet. This may result in the use of fewer
outlets for a given installation.

High Flow Rate

HP Range

Advanced design features encourage a


higher flow rate of water through the
outlet compared to conventional systems
by reducing the amount of air that is
drawn into the outlet. If allowed to go
unchecked, a vortex will form as the
water enters the outlet - the same effect
can be seen in the bath or a sink when
the plug is removed.

Product Features

12

Cost effective drainage solution - high


flow rates minimises number of
outlets required.

Secure grating to prevent vandalism


and theft.

Comprehensive product range for


most applications.

Durable, corrosion resistant


construction.

Gun-metal optionally available.

The ACO Fulbora HP range of outlets


provide anti-vortex design features to
minimise this effect and a twofold design
approach is adopted to achieve this. On
all circular domed gratings an inverted
cup arrangement is integrated within the
grating to breakdown the vortex effect
within the grating and in addition, the leaf
guard geometry of the gratings is
optimised to encourage water to flow
radially into the outlet, thereby minimising
the vortex effect outside of the grating.

Compared to conventional outlets, high


performance outlets mean either fewer
outlets/pipe/groundworks with reduced
installation costs, or greater security in
extreme rainfall conditions.

Secure Gratings
All gratings for the HP range of products
are secured with stainless steel fixings
that require either a socket wrench or
spanner for removal and replacement.
This provides additional security to
prevent theft or vandalism.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Membrane Clamp
The roof membrane is positively secured
into the outlet body by a clamp and is
secured by 2 stainless steel fixings. The
membrane clamp is serrated on the
underside for improved membrane clamp
grip performance. The outlet design
ensures the integrity of the seal between
the clamp and body is not disturbed when
the grating is removed for maintenance
during the life of the installation.

HP Range Accessories

Options

A wide range of accessories are available


for the ACO Fulbora HP range including
raising rings, PVC connectors, terrace
grates and deck support plates. See
Pages 24-26 for details.

Gun-metal to BS 1400 available to


special order. Gun-metal should be
specified for use in conjunction with
copper or lead-clad roofs or when
connected to copper pipes. Refer to
Appendix 1 for further information.
Suffix Sales Code with GM for this
option for example, 2HP-D GM.

Gratings and clamp rings can be


provided to suit corporate colour
schemes and coding as required.

Materials

Pipe Connections
Refer to Appendix 4 for details of the full
range of flexible pipe connection
couplings that are available from
ACO Fulbora.

HP Range

All products are manufactured from LM6


grade aluminium alloy to BS 1490 as
standard for optimum corrosion
resistance.

For further details of any options, contact


the ACO Fulbora Sales Desk for more
information.

13

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Range Product Selector

HP 45 & 90 Spigot Outlets

HP Vertical Spigot Outlet

General purpose rainwater outlets


suitable for direct connection to cast iron
pipework to BS 416 : 1983/EN 877 or to
PVC O-ring socket pipe to BS 4514 :
1983. Other connections can be made
using ACO Fulbora flexible couplings or
heat shrink sleeving. Vertical spigot
outlets are available with either domed or
flat gratings. Flat gratings are used where
either vehicles or pedestrian traffic is
likely.

HP Gully Spigot Outlet

These angled problem solving units are


particularly relevant to suit more complex
pipe run detail. Pipework connections as
per vertical spigot details.

HP Balcony Spigot Outlet

The gully outlet is designed to fit into


valley gutters and is supplied with a
vertical spigot outlet and dome grating.
Pipework connections as per vertical
spigot details.

HP Refurbishment Outlet

HP Vertical Screw Outlet

HP Range

The balcony outlet provides discrete safe


drainage for balconies and walkways.
Supplied complete with a D-shaped flat
grating, the outlet can be installed against
a wall. The grating is supplied with holes
to receive either 50 mm, 75 mm or
100 mm nominal bore rainwater
downpipes. These are easily cut on site to
suit the application.
Screwed outlets are recommended where
connection to the outlet occurs within the
thickness of the slab and threaded
connections will form a completely gastight seal.
Vertical screw outlets have a female
parallel thread to BS 21 : 1985 for
connecting directly to tubes conforming
to BS 1387 : 1985 which is supplied with
a taper male thread. This ensures a
completely watertight seal when screwed
fully home into the outlet body. A range of
PVC adaptors are available from ACO
Fulbora to allow connection to aluminium
pipework, socketed and socketless cast
iron pipework and PVC pipework.

14

HP Two-Way Screw Outlet

The two-way outlet is designed to be used


at the junction of roofs and parapet walls,
or wherever a horizontal and vertical
surface meet. Available to fit pipe sizes of
50 mm, 75 mm and 100 mm. This
flexible design of outlet allows either
horizontal or vertical outflow take-off.
Pipework connections as per vertical
screw details.

When an existing flat roof is being


upgraded, the refurbishment outlet is
designed to fit inside the existing outlet
and pipework with minimal disruption
without the need to remove the original
outlet. The aluminium body incorporates a
wide fixing flange to enhance the bond
with roofing membranes and does not
suffer the distortion effects during the
application of torched membranes.
Outlets are supplied with a flexible finned
pipe seal ensuring a watertight
connection to existing pipework. The ease
of use and minimal disruption to the
existing rainwater system makes this an
extremely cost effective solution when
upgrading flat roofs.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Vertical Spigot Outlet, Dome Grate - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

2HP-D

50

Dome

1.7

81

2.39

3HP-D

75

Dome

5.0

240

2.49

4HP-D

100

Dome

10.7

514

4.23

6HP-D

150

Dome

14.1

675

4.67

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Specification Clause
Dimension

2HP-D

3HP-D

4HP-D

6HP-D

A
B
C
D
E

292
233
196
98
60

292
233
196
108
83

380
305
244
122
110

380
305
244
145
160

The rainwater outlets 2HP-D/3HP-D/


4HP-D/6HP-D* are to be ACO Fulbora
HP vertical spigot outlets with locked
dome grating supplied by ACO Fulbora
(a division of ACO Technologies plc), of
Hitchin Road, Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.

All dimensions in mm.

Pipework Connections
Vertical spigot outlets may be directly
connected to the following:

Cast iron pipework to BS 416:1973


or EN 877.

PVC O-ring socketed pipe to


BS 4514 : 1985 (for 3HP-D, 4HP-D
and 6HP-D outlets only).

Connection to 2HP-D units via heat


shrink socket or pipe couplings.

Refer to Appendix 4 for details of pipe connection couplings that are available.

All components used within the scope of


this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

15

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Vertical Spigot Outlet, Flat Grate - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

2HP-F

50

Flat

1.7

81

2.51

3HP-F

75

Flat

5.0

240

2.65

4HP-F

100

Flat

10.7

514

4.08

6HP-F

150

Flat

15.6

749

4.39

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Specification Clause
Dimension

2HP-F

3HP-F

4HP-F

6HP-F

A
B
C
D
E

292
233
196
98
60

292
233
196
108
83

380
305
244
122
110

380
305
244
145
160

The rainwater outlets 2HP-F/3HP-F/


4HP-F/6HP-F* are to be ACO Fulbora
HP vertical spigot outlets with locked flat
grating supplied by ACO Fulbora
(a division of ACO Technologies plc), of
Hitchin Road, Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.

All dimensions in mm.

Pipework Connections
Vertical spigot outlets may be directly
connected to the following:

Cast iron pipework to BS 416:1973


or EN 877.

PVC O-ring socketed pipe to


BS 4514 : 1985 (for 3HP-F, 4HP-F
and 6HP-F outlets only).

Connection to 2HP-F units via heat


shrink socket or pipe couplings.

Refer to Appendix 4 for details of pipe connection couplings that are available.

16

All components used within the scope of


this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Vertical Screw Outlet, Dome Grate - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

2HP-TD

50

Dome

1.7

81

2.29

3HP-TD

75

Dome

5.0

240

2.32

4HP-TD

100

Dome

10.7

514

4.03

6HP-TD

150

Dome

13.5

648

4.13

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

Dimension

2HP-TD

3HP-TD

4HP-TD

6HP-TD

A
B
C
D

292
234
121
35

292
234
121
45

380
305
133
38

380
305
114
38

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Specification Clause

All dimensions in mm.

Pipework Connections
Vertical screw outlets have a female
parallel thread to BS 21 : 1985 for
connecting directly to tube conforming
to BS 1387 : 1985 which is supplied
with a taper male thread. This ensures a
completely watertight seal when
screwed fully home into the outlet body.

Screwed outlets are recommended


where connection to the outlet occurs
within the thickness of the slab and
threaded connections will form a
completely gas-tight seal within the slab.

Refer to HP Accessories section for details of PVC adaptors that are available from
ACO Fulbora.

The rainwater outlets 2HP-TD/3HP-TD/


4HP-TD/6HP-TD* are to be ACO Fulbora
HP vertical screw outlets with locked
dome grating supplied by ACO Fulbora
(a division of ACO Technologies plc), of
Hitchin Road, Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.
All components used within the scope of
this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

17

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP 45 Spigot Outlet, Dome Grate - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

245HP-D

50

Dome

1.7

81

3.34

345HP-D

75

Dome

5.0

240

3.77

445HP-D

100

Dome

10.7

514

4.81

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Specification Clause
Dimension

245HP-D

345HP-D

445HP-D

A
B
C
D
E

305
229
229
175
62

305
229
235
175
87

372
305
273
191
114

The rainwater outlets 245HP-D/345HP-D/


445HP-D* are to be ACO Fulbora
HP 45 spigot outlets with locked dome
grating supplied by ACO Fulbora
(a division of ACO Technologies plc), of
Hitchin Road, Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.

All dimensions in mm.

Pipework Connections
45 spigot outlets may be directly
connected to the following:

Cast iron pipework to BS 416:1973


or EN 877.

Connection to PVC pipework via heat


shrink socket or pipe couplings.

All components used within the scope of


this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.

Refer to Appendix 4 for details of pipe connection couplings that are available.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

18

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP 90 Spigot Outlet, Dome Grate - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

290HP-D

50

Dome

1.7

81

3.57

390HP-D

75

Dome

3.5

171

3.61

490HP-D

100

Dome

7.0

336

4.69

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Specification Clause
Dimension

290HP-D

390HP-D

490HP-D

A
B
C
D
E

305
229
124
232
62

329
229
121
267
83

405
305
142
285
110

The rainwater outlets 290HP-D/390HP-D/


490HP-D* are to be ACO Fulbora
HP 90 spigot outlets with locked dome
grating supplied by ACO Fulbora
(a division of ACO Technologies plc), of
Hitchin Road, Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.

All dimensions in mm.

Pipework Connections
90 spigot outlets may be directly
connected to the following:

Cast iron pipework to BS 416:1973


or EN 877.

PVC O-ring socketed pipe to


BS 4514 : 1985 (for 390HP-D and
490HP-D outlets only).

Connection to 290HP-D via heat


shrink socket or pipe couplings.

Refer to Appendix 4 for details of pipe connection couplings that are available.

All components used within the scope of


this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

19

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Balcony Spigot Outlet, Flat Grate - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

2HP-BO

50

Flat

1.7

81

2.58

3HP-BO

75

Flat

5.0

240

2.71

4HP-BO

100

Flat

8.4

403

2.77

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Dimension

2HP-BO

3HP-BO

4HP-BO

A
B
C
D
E
F
G

270
205
52
125
235
180
60

270
205
52
125
235
180
83

270
205
52
125
235
180
110

Specification Clause
The rainwater outlets 2HP-BO/3HP-BO/
4HP-BO* are to be ACO Fulbora
HP Balcony spigot outlets with locked flat
grating supplied by ACO Fulbora
(a division of ACO Technologies plc), of
Hitchin Road, Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.

All dimensions in mm.

Pipework Connections
Balcony outlets may be directly
connected to the following:

Cast iron pipework to BS 416:1973


or EN 877.

PVC O-ring socketed pipe to


BS 4514 : 1985 (for 3HP-BO and
4HP-BO outlets only).

Connection to 2HP-BO units via heat


shrink socket or pipe couplings.

Refer to Appendix 4 for details of pipe connection couplings that are available.

20

All components used within the scope of


this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Two-Way Screw Outlet, Flat Grate - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

2HP-2W

50

Flat

1.7

1.7

81

81

2.14

3HP-2W

75

Flat

3.9

1.9

189

93

2.22

4HP-2W

100

Flat

6.0

2.3

288

110

2.23

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Flow Rate
(l/s)
Vertical
Horizontal
Outflow
Outflow

Area Drained
(m2)
Vertical
Horizontal
Outflow
Outflow

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Weight
(kg)

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Specification Clause
Dimension

2HP-2W

3HP-2W

4HP-2W

A
B
C
D
E
F
Overall Length

204
70
191
214
50
45
225

204
70
191
214
50
45
255

204
70
191
214
50
45
255

All dimensions in mm.

All components to be manufactured from


grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.

Screwed outlets are recommended where


connection to the outlet occurs within the
thickness of the slab and threaded
connections will form a completely gastight seal within the slab.

All components used within the scope of


this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.

Refer to HP Accessories section for


details of PVC adaptors that are available
from ACO Fulbora.

* please delete or complete as appropriate.

Pipework Connections
Two Way outlets have a female parallel
thread to BS 21 : 1985 for connecting
directly to tube conforming to BS 1387 :
1985 which is supplied with a taper male
thread. This ensures a completely
watertight seal when screwed fully home
into the outlet body.

The rainwater outlets 2HP-2W/3HP-2W/


4HP-2W* are to be ACO Fulbora
HP Two-Way screw outlets with locked flat
grating supplied by ACO Fulbora
(a division of ACO Technologies plc), of
Hitchin Road, Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
SG17 5TE.

21

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Gully Spigot Outlet, Dome Grate - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

3HP-GO

75

Dome

5.0

240

3.89

4HP-GO

100

Dome

10.4

500

4.02

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Dimension

3HP-GO

4HP-GO

A
B
C
D
E
Overall Length

228
188
251
130
83
334

228
188
251
130
110
334

Pipework Connections
Gully outlets may be directly connected
to the following:
Cast iron pipework to BS 416:1973
or EN 877.

The rainwater outlets 3HP-GO/4HP-GO*


are to be ACO Fulbora HP Gully outlets
with locked dome grating supplied by
ACO Fulbora (a division of ACO
Technologies plc), of Hitchin Road,
Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK, SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.

All dimensions in mm.

Specification Clause

PVC O-ring socketed pipe to


BS 4514 : 1985.

Refer to Appendix 4 for details of pipe connection couplings that are available.

All components used within the scope of


this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

22

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Refurbishment Outlet - Product Selector


Technical Information
Sales Code

Nominal Bore
Pipe Size (mm)

Grating
Type

Flow Rate
(l/s)

Area Drained
(m2)

Weight
(kg)

3HP-RFO

75

Dome

5.0

240

5.00

4HP-RFO

100

Dome

5.00

240

5.10

Based on a 35 mm head of water over the outlet body.

Based on a rainfall intensity of 75 mm/hr.

Flow rates based on BS EN 12056 : 2000.

HP Range

Physical Dimensions

Dimension

3HP-RFO

4HP-RFO

A
B
C
D
E
F
G

456
304
346
266
63.5
95
205

456
304
346
266
88.9
120
205

Specification Clause
The rainwater outlets 3HP-RFO/4HP-RFO*
are to be ACO Fulbora HP Refurbishment
outlets with locked dome grating supplied
by ACO Fulbora (a division of ACO
Technologies plc), of Hitchin Road,
Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK, SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
grade LM6 aluminium alloy to BS 1490/
gun-metal to BS EN 1982*.

All dimensions in mm.

Pipework Connections
Refurbishment outlets are designed to
fit the following range of existing
pipework systems:

3HP-RFO : 71.5 to 78.5 mm internal


pipe diameter.

4HP-RFO : 97.0 to 104.0 mm internal


pipe diameter.

All components used within the scope of


this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

23

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Range Accessories

HP Range

A wide range of accessories is available


for the ACO Fulbora HP range of
rainwater outlets allowing easy installation
in common and not so common
applications of roof construction,
including warm and inverted roofs,
terraces and concealed outlets under
raised paving slabs.

Raising Rings

PVC Adaptors

Deck Supports

Raising rings are used where it is


necessary to raise the level of the dome
grating above the outlet body, for
example an inverted roof construction.
With the exception of the Balcony Outlets
(HP-BO) and Gully Outlets (HP-GO), raising
rings will only accept dome gratings or
Terrace Grates as the raising rings will
not accept the standard flat grates.

PVC adaptors are available for threaded


outlets - HP Vertical Screw (HP-TD); and
HP Two-Way (HP-2W) systems. PVC
adaptors provide a quick and convenient
connection to standard PVC pipework.

Deck supports are used where ACO


Fulbora HP rainwater outlets are installed
in metal deck roof constructions, providing
a stable and secure interface between the
outlet and roof. Deck Supports are
manufactured from 1.5 mm steel sheet
and finished primed in a red oxide paint
finish. Suitable for all types of metal deck
roofing.

Raising rings are easily cut with a


hacksaw on site if required to match
installation requirements, i.e. to suit
paving slabs. Stainless steel extension
fixings are supplied with each raising ring.
Raising rings are also available for
Balcony Outlets and Gully Outlets. All
raising rings are manufactured from LM6
aluminium alloy to BS 1490 and are
optionally available in gun metal to
BS 1400. Suffix sales code with GM for
this option.

24

The adaptors are suitable for connection


to all types of pipe systems including cast
iron socketed or socketless systems and
are assembled using PTFE tape to ensure
a watertight connection. Manufactured
from tough PVC-u, the adaptors are
supplied with a male thread and
chamfered spigot for easy connection to
PVC pipes. PVC adaptors are suitable for
direct connection to:

Cast Iron pipework to BS 416:1973


or EN 877.

PVC O-ring socketed pipe to


BS 4514:1983.

Terrace Grates
Terrace grates are designed for installations with terraced paving slabs or block
paviors. Terrace grates can only be used
with circular raising rings as described
above. A slotted fixing detail allows 90
rotational movement to accommodate
slab/pavior patterns.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP Range Accessories - Product Selector


Raising Rings for Circular Outlets
Vertical Spigot, Vertical Screw,
45 Spigot, 90 Spigot and
Refurbishment Outlets
(dome grate only)

Outlet Model

Sales Code

Weight
(kg)

2HP-D; 2HP-TD; 3HP-D; 3HP-TD; 245HP-D; 345HP-D;


290HP-D; 390HP-D; 3HP-RFO

2/3RR

161

128

150

0.72

4HP-D; 4HP-TD; 6HP-D; 6HP-TD; 445HP-D; 490HP-D; 4HP-RFO

4/6RR

233

128

222

1.14

All dimensions in mm.

Raising Rings for Balcony Outlets

BO-RR

220 115

Weight
(kg)
1.25

HP Range

Sales Code

All dimensions in mm.

Raising Rings for Gully Outlets

Sales Code

GO-RR

240 115

Weight
(kg)
1.85

All dimensions in mm.

PVC Adaptors

Sales Code

Male Thread
A (BSP)

Outside
B (mm)

Length
L (mm)

Length
l (mm)

Weight
(kg)

2STC
3STC
4STC
6STC

2
3
4
6

57.0
82.0
110.5
160.0

305
305
305
305

148
148
148
148

0.33
0.55
1.12
2.25

Material : PVC-u.
25

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Deck Supports for Circular Outlets


Sales Code: 2/3DS

Sales Code: 4/6DS

Outlet Model

Sales Code

Weight
(kg)

2HP-D; 2HP-TD;
3HP-D; 3HP-TD;
245HP-D; 345HP-D;
290HP-D; 390HP-D;
3HP-RFO

2/3DS

1.97

4HP-D; 4HP-TD;
6HP-D; 6HP-TD;
445HP-D; 490HP-D;
4HP-RFO

4/6DS

2.91

All dimensions in mm.

HP Range

Terrace Grates for Circular Outlet Raising Rings


Sales Code: 2/3 TG

Sales Code: 4/6TG

All dimensions in mm.

26

Outlet Model

Sales Code

Weight
(kg)

Appropriate Raising
Ring Sales Code (Ref.)

2HP-D; 2HP-TD;
3HP-D; 3HP-TD;
245HP-D; 345HP-D;
290HP-D; 390HP-D;
3HP-RFO

2/3TG

0.70

2/3RR

4HP-D; 4HP-TD;
6HP-D; 6HP-TD;
445HP-D; 490HP-D;
4HP-RFO

4/6TG

1.52

4/6RR

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck


Drainage System
For rainwater applications requiring
efficient drainage of permeable surfaces
including block paviors, paving slabs,
shingle and washed ballast, the
ACO Fulbora FreeDeck system provides
the ideal solution for terraces, decks,
patios, balconies and roof gardens.
ACO Fulbora FreeDeck is a simple,
effective and efficient drainage solution
for awkward above ground applications.

FreeDeck

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck can be utilised as


a doorway rainwater interception unit to
give wheel chair access to both private
and public buildings - ideal for Part M
accessibility regulations.

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck


Drainage System
Description
Product Selector

28
30

Appendices
Material Selection
36
Typical Roof Construction Detail 41

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck Drainage System


Description
The ACO Fulbora FreeDeck linear deck
drainage system is ideal for efficient,
practical solutions to above ground
drainage applications involving block
pavior, paving slab, shingle and washed
ballast surface finishes for flat roof
terraces, decks, balconies, patios and
roof gardens.

For the effective catchment of rainwater


run-off and the management of
percolation within building substrates.
Rainwater penetrating the deck via paving
slabs, block paviors or granular finishes
are intercepted by the ACO Fulbora
FreeDeck channel system which
effectively conducts surface water to
accessible outlet positions.

Channels available in 500,


1000 and 2000 mm lengths.

FreeDeck

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck channels are


simply located directly on top of the water
proofing layer and are laid to level invert.
In addition to surface run-off, percolating
water is able to enter the slotted
sidewalls of the channel system and track
through concealed ducts to rainwater
outlet positions. Rainwater outlets are top
accessible by means of finish level
meshed gratings formed around the
outlet positions.
Either slotted or mesh gratings are
available depending upon positioning of
the channels and the nature of the foot
traffic in the areas to be drained. For
example in front of doorways, at the top
of stairways or as perimeter drainage
against parapet walls.
The system is manufactured from hotdipped galvanised steel to BS 729 and
provided with slotted or mesh gratings to
suit pedestrian FACTA Load Class A
applications.

Slotted or mesh gratings


available.

Tunnel channels available for interconnecting


components.

28

Gullies allow easy access to rainwater outlets.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Product Benefits and Features


Ideal for terraces, balconies, patios and
roof gardens.
Quick and simple to install.

75 mm level invert system.

Compatible with shingle, paving slab


and garden finishes.
Durable galvanised steel
construction.

Slotted or mesh grating options


available.

Grating locks supplied as standard.

75-105 mm infinitely variable invert


channels available to special order.

Heelguard grating available for use in


doorway drainage.

Channel assembly is easy using the plate


and socket connectors fitted on both
ends of the channel.

Channel sections are positively locked


together to prevent lateral and
longitudinal movement.
Gratings are secured in position with a
90 turn to lock system.

FreeDeck

29

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck - Product Selector


All components to FACTA Load Class A
Material: Galvanised steel to BS 729.

Sales Code

36980
36981
36982

Length
(mm)

Width
(mm)

Height
(mm)

Weight
(kg)

2000
1000
500

130
130
130

75
75
75

4.8
2.4
1.3

Length
(mm)

Width
(mm)

Height
(mm)

Weight
(kg)

130

52

0.04

Length
(mm)

Width
(mm)

Height
(mm)

Weight
(kg)

1000
500

123
123

20
20

2.2
1.0

Length
(mm)

Width
(mm)

Height
(mm)

Weight
(kg)

1000
500

123
123

20
20

2.3
1.3

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck Linear Drainage Channels


Note, slotted grate shown for reference, grating
not supplied with channel.

Sales Code

36983

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck Channel End Plate

Sales Code

FreeDeck

00276
00277

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck Slotted Grating


Slot width : 10 mm.

Sales Code

36953
36952

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck Mesh Grating


Mesh size 30 x 14 mm.

30

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck - Product Selector


All components to FACTA Load Class A
Material : Galvanised steel to BS 729

Sales Code

36960

Length
(mm)

Width
(mm)

Height
(mm)

Weight
(kg)

250

250

75-105

4.1

Length
(mm)

Width
(mm)

Height
(mm)

Weight
(kg)

2000

100

30

2.4

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck Gully

Sales Code

00328

ACO Fulbora Fr
eeDeck T
unnel Channel
FreeDeck
Tunnel

Specification Clause

ACO Fulbora FreeDeck Tunnel Channel


ideal for interconnecting drainage
channels to gullies. Suitable for use with
shingle, paving slab and garden finishes.

FreeDeck

The drainage channels are to be


ACO Fulbora FreeDeck with locked slotted
gratings supplied by ACO Fulbora
(a division of ACO Technologies plc), of
Hitchin Road, Shefford, Bedfordshire, UK,
SG17 5TE.
All components to be manufactured from
hot dipped galvanised steel to BS EN
ISO 1461 : 1999.
All components used within the scope of
this system are shown on Drawing
No.
* and all work shall be
carried out strictly in accordance with the
manufacturers instructions and the
installation details are set out on Drawing
No.
*.
* please delete or complete as appropriate.

31

ACO f u l b o r a

FreeDeck

Rainwater engineering

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Architectural Eaves
Treatments
ACO Fulbora provides a comprehensive,
free design service for Architectural
Eaves Treatments requiring bespoke
design work.

Guttering

ACO Fulbora have gained extensive


experience over many years in the design
and manufacture of eaves gutters,
fascias, copings and soffits.

Architectural Eaves
Treatments
Description

34

Appendices
Material Selection
Photograph of Calke Abbey Orangery and sketch of Calke Abbey
by kind permission of the National Trust.

36

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Architectural Eaves Treatments


With qualified experience in manufacturing
from cast and sheet metals, ACO Fulbora
are able to offer design solutions in
stainless steel, aluminium alloy,
galvanised mild steel and gun-metal, no
problem is too demanding.

Guttering
FreeDeck

Working with Architects and Engineers,


ACOs qualified in-house design staff,
using state of the art CAD design
equipment, can produce both exciting but
practical products for refurbishment and
new build applications.

For further details of the no obligation


design service, contact the ACO Fulbora
Helpline as follows:
Telephone:
Fax:
E-mail:

34

(+44) (0)1462 816666


(+44) (0)1462 851490
fulbora@aco.co.uk

Application Examples

Eaves gutters.

Parapet wall gutters.

Fascias.

Copings.

Soffits.

Industrial valley gutters.

Interrupt gutters.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Appendices

1. Material Selection
Overview
Aluminium Alloys
Gun-metal
Galvanised Mild Steel
Galvanic Corrosion
The Electromotive Series
Material Selection Tips

36
36
36
36
36
37
37

2. Typical Roof Construction Detail


Warm Roof
Inverted Roof
Un-insulated Roof
Cold Roof
HP 90 Outlet
Gully Outlet
Refurbishment Outlet
FreeDeck Channel Drainage
Balcony Outlet with Downpipe
Two-Way Outlet
Terrace Grate
Metal Deck Support

38
39
39
39
40
40
40
41
41
42
42
42

3. Installation Guidelines
General Installation Notes
Threaded Outlets
Balcony Outlets
Mk3 Raising Rings
HP Circular Raising Rings
Balcony/Gully Outlet Raising
Rings
Deck Supports
Refurbishment Outlet

43
43
43
43
43
43
43
44

4. Flexible Pipe Couplings


45

Appendices

General Installation Notes

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Appendix 1 Material Selection


Overview
This section includes a brief insight into
the materials that the rainwater drainage
products featured in this Product
Catalogue and Design Guide are
manufactured from.

Appendices

In certain applications, it is vital to


understand the long term operational
effects that will occur if products are not
specified accurately or installed correctly.

Aluminium Alloys

Gun-metal

Galvanic Corrosion

Aluminium alloys are very common and


can be found in a wide range of
applications ranging from cooking utensils
to spacecraft. The material is
commercially available in excess of 99%
purity and is used primarily for its high
resistance to corrosion, lightness and
strength.

Gun metal possesses good tensile


strength and corrosion resistant
properties and is used in many bearing
and marine applications. ACO Fulbora
rainwater outlets are available in gunmetal when bi-metallic corrosion
resistance arising from lead or copper
materials is a potential risk.

Galvanic corrosion occurs when two


dissimilar metals are in electrical contact
and connected by an electrolyte. An
electrolyte conducts electricity and can
be water solutions containing salts or
acids - and need not be concentrated for
the effect to take place.

Comparing similar products, aluminium


alloys weigh around one-third as much as
equivalent mild steel and stainless steel
products and compared to mild steel,
they have a much better corrosion
resistance to atmospheric conditions.

Gun-metal is an alloy of copper, tin and


zinc. Admiralty gun-metal typically has a
composition of 88% copper, 10% tin and
2% zinc.

Because aluminium alloys are strong,


lightweight, have good corrosion
resistance, are cost effective and have
excellent casting properties, this material
is an obvious first choice for rainwater
outlets and floor gullies. Additionally,
being non-magnetic, aluminium will not
attract ferrous particles that could
otherwise cause silt traps and long term
maintenance issues.

Mild steel is a convenient, ductile, easily


worked and cost effective material that
finds many uses in everyday applications
around us.

ACO Fulbora aluminium rainwater outlets,


shower drains and floor drains use LM6
grade aluminium alloy to BS 1490. LM6
exhibits excellent resistance to corrosion
in both atmospheric and marine
environments compared to other
aluminium alloys, and is resistant to
sulphate attack for curing concrete.

Galvanising is a process that is commonly


used to prevent corrosion and essentially
consists of a layer of zinc applied to the
surface of the steel. ACO Fulbora use a
hot dip process of dipping the
component into a vat of molten zinc.

When exposed to the atmosphere, a thin


invisible aluminium oxide film forms on the
surface of the material that protects the
material from further oxidation.

36

Galvanised Mild Steel

In its raw state, mild steel offers no


resistance to corrosion and quickly forms
a familiar rust (ferric oxide) on its surface
unless precautions are taken to prevent
oxidation taking place.

The effects of galvanic corrosion begin to


play an important part when an aluminium
rainwater outlet is used in conjunction
with metallic membranes, such as lead or
copper.
The Electromotive Series provides an
insight to the corrosion effects between
dissimilar materials.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

The Electromotive Series


The susceptibility of different metals to
corrosion whilst in contact with each
other depends upon the difference
between the contact potentials. The
greater the potential difference, the
greater the tendency for corrosion. The
metal with the higher negative potential
forms the anode and is corroded
preferentially.
Some examples from the Electromotive
Series are shown opposite for illustration.

Titanium
304 Stainless Steel (passivated)
Silver
Nickel
Copper
Gun-metal
Lead
Cast Iron
Aluminium
Zinc
Magnesium

More noble decreased corrosion

Less noble increased corrosion

Material Selection Tips


For applications when dissimilar
materials are in contact with each
other wherever possible, select
materials to be as close as possible
to each other in the Electromotive
Series. For example, if a roof is
copper clad, select a gun-metal outlet
as gun-metal is around 88% copper,
this closely matches the cladding
material.

Where dissimilar metals cannot be


readily avoided, care must be taken
to electrically insulate the adjacent
materials. For example where lead is
dressed into an aluminium alloy
outlet, carefully paint the aluminium
body and clamp components with
good quality bitumen paint or use an
insulating gasket material such as
neoprene sponge. Ideally, a gun-metal
outlet should be used in conjunction
with lead clad roofs.

The effects of galvanic corrosion can


be accelerated in saline
environments. Caution should be
observed with rainwater outlet
applications close to coastal regions.

Appendices

37

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Appendix 2 Typical Roof Construction Detail


Warm Roof

Appendices

A warm roof is where the main mass of


the roof structure lies below the main
thermal insulation. The waterproof
membrane is positioned above the
insulation.

38

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Inverted Roof
An inverted roof is a form of warm roof
where the main mass of the roof structure
lies below the main thermal insulation,
however, the waterproof membrane lies
beneath the thermal insulation.

Un-insulated Roof
A roof without thermal insulation. This
type of construction is only permitted in
non-habitable buildings, e.g. garages.

Cold Roof

Appendices

A cold roof is where the main mass of the


structure lies above the thermal
insulation.

39

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

HP 90 Outlet

Gully Outlet

Appendices

Refurbishment Outlet

40

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

FreeDeck Drainage System

Appendices

Balcony Outlet with Downpipe

41

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Two-Way Outlet

Terrace Grate

Appendices

Metal Deck Support

42

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Appendix 3 Installation Guidelines


General Installation Notes
All outlets must be securely attached to
the roof structure using a suitable timber
frame or deck support. The waterproof
membrane must be fully dressed into the
outlet body and securely clamped under
the membrane clamp.
Practical Design/Installation Tips

Balcony Outlets

Do not design for the maximum outlet


hydraulic capacity, allow a 10% factor
of safety margin for intense storms
and leaf/debris blockage.

The flat grating is configured with an


array of eccentric grating slots that can
be readily cut on site with a hacksaw to
accommodate a downpipe.

Always allow for a back-up outlet,


even though only one outlet may be
required.

Mk 3 Raising Rings

Rainwater outlets should be inspected


and cleaned at least every 6 months
to ensure reliable and continuous
operation.

Threaded Outlets
For all ACO Fulbora threaded outlets (HP
Vertical Screw and Two-Way outlets) are
provided with female parallel threads
conforming to BS 21:1985 for direct
connection of threaded tube conforming
to BS 1387:1985. This tube is supplied
with a taper male thread conforming to
BS 21:1985, which ensures a watertight
joint when fully screwed into the unit.
Threaded outlets are particularly
recommended where a connection to the
outlet is made within the thickness of the
concrete slab. In these applications, the
threaded connection creates a completely
watertight seal.
Where a PVC-u screw thread connector
(STC) is used in conjunction with threaded
outlets, the screw thread connector
should be assembled with PTFE tape to
ensure a watertight seal.

Where applicable, raising rings for the Mk


3 range of rainwater outlets are simply
assembled to the clamp ring by the same
twist action that fixes the dome grate to
the clamp. No fixings or loose
components are required.
For increased height requirements, Mk 3
raising rings can be cascaded together.
The dome grating attaches to the raising
ring by the same action.

Raising rings for balcony outlets and gully


outlets are available and perform a similar
function as the HP Circular raising rings
as previously described. Separate
stainless steel fixings are supplied with
each unit.

Deck Supports
ACO deck supports are recommended for
metal decked roof construction and are
suitable for installation on all types of
metal decked roofs. Deck supports have
pre-drilled holes for ease of fixing.

Mk 3 raising rings cannot be cut to suit a


specific height requirement. Raising rings
from the Mk3 and HP range of products
are not interchangeable.

HP Circular Raising Rings


HP raising rings can be used for domed
grating outlets and terrace gratings only.
HP raising rings cannot be used with flat
gratings.
HP raising rings are secured with
stainless steel fixings that are supplied
with each raising ring product.
Where required, the HP raising rings may
be easily cut on site to a specific height
using a hacksaw (for example, when using
a terrace grate in conjunction with paving
slabs).

Appendices

Balcony/Gully Outlet Raising


Rings

43

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Refurbishment Outlet

Step 1

Step 5

Refurbishment outlets are designed to


conveniently fit within the existing
rainwater outlet of the roof that is being
refurbished, which means there is no
need to remove the existing rainwater
outlet.

Strip back all roof coverings to the deck


level. Clean out old outlet with wire brush
and flush with clean water.

Flush with clean water to lubricate and


insert tail pipe into existing pipework.
Seat flange on timber frame.

Refurbishment outlets incorporate a high


performance domed grating and
optimised tail pipe to maximise flow
through the unit. The labyrinth finned seal
ensures a watertight connection to the
existing pipework. Two sealable access
points within the body enable PU foam to
be injected to fill the void between the old
and new outlet.

Step 2
Form timber frame around old outlet and
lay insulation board/vapour barrier
(35 mm minimum).

Step 6
Screw flange to timber frame.

Step 3

Step 7

Check clearance and trim tail pipe to


length with hacksaw if necessary.

Inject PU foam through one port for 5


seconds. Remove any surplus.

Step 8

Appendices

Step 4
Push on flexible labyrinth seal.

44

Blank off ports with captive screws.


Complete installation and
weatherproofing.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Appendix 4 Flexible Pipe Couplings


General Installation Notes
ACO Fulbora can supply a wide range of flexible pipe couplings to suit all applications.

Sales Code

Diameter A (mm)
Range

Diameter B (mm)
Range

43814
43813
43801
43803
43805
43807
43811

53 - 61
53 - 61
75 - 88
75 - 88
98 - 115
96 - 114
145 - 168

53 - 61
75 - 88
75 - 88
96 - 114
98 - 115
145 - 168
145 - 168

Appendices

All flexible couplings are supplied complete with two worm drive pipe clips.

45

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

Other Products
In addition to the range of rainwater
outlets the following products are also
available from ACO Fulbora:

Stainless Steel and Aluminium


Drainage Systems

Grease Traps & Interceptors

Wall Protection

ACO Fulbora biological grease traps and


non-biological grease interceptors are
available to help prevent grease, oils and
fats blocking drainage pipes.

ting
A range of resin concrete skir
skirting
ting,
including straight, corner and end
sections. Provides a protective buffer and
can be used to seal wall and floor joints.
Also available is a range of stainless steel
corner guards available in a variety of
profiles with integral fixing anchors.

ACO Fulbora are specialists in stainless


steel linear and point drainage
products, providing off-the-shelf and
custom made systems.

Creativity with Stainless Steel

Stainless Steel Access Covers

Also stainless steel gullies and floor


drains manufactured from austenitic
stainless steel, aluminium and nickel
bronze.

46

The New ACO Fulbora EuroCover


double sealed recessed access cover is
the ideal solution for applications
demanding reliable, durable and hygienic
operation. Combining highly corrosion
resistant austenitic stainless steel and
polyester resin concrete to produce a
reliable air/water tight installation - every
time.

Architectural design solutions from


stainless steel VeeLine can be formed
into curves, radiuses and flat sheets as
required for any type of application.
Combining aesthetics and practicality for
screens, furniture, air grilles, gratings and
decorative features - the possibilities are
endless.

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

For further information on these ACO Fulbora products, please photocopy this
page, tick the relevant boxes below and then fax it to us on 01462 851490.
Please send me details of ACO Fulbora
Drainage Systems for hygienic and
corrosion resistant applications

Please send me details of ACO Fulbora


Access Covers

Please send me details on ACO Fulbora


Wall Protection Systems

Please send me details of ACO Fulbora


Grease Traps & Interceptors

Please include me on your database for


future product updates and news

Please send me details of Creativity with


Stainless Steel/Architectural Solutions
I would like an engineer to contact me

Please send me details of RIBA CPD seminar Drainage Systems for hygienic and corrosion
resistant applications - Specify it Right

Contact Name: _________________________________________ Position: __________________________________________________


Company/Practice Name: ___________________________________________________________________________________________
Address: __________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________ Postcode: _________________________________________________
Tel. No.: _______________________________________________ Fax. No.: __________________________________________________
E-mail.: ________________________________________________

47

ACO f u l b o r a
Rainwater engineering

ACO United Kingdom

ACO Worldwide

ACO f u l b o r a
Hitchin Road
Shefford,
Bedfordshire
SG17 5TE
Tel: 01462 816666
Fax: 01462 851490
E-mail: fulbora@aco.co.uk
Web site: www.aco.co.uk/fulbora

Australia
Austria
Belgium
China
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland

ACO f u l b o r a
ACO Fulbora is a member of ACO
Technologies plc, which includes:

ACO drain
Resin concrete channel drainage
systems.

ACO sport
Products for sport stadia and pitches,
play grounds and landscaping.

France
Germany
Hungary
Italy
Netherlands
Norway
Poland
Portugal

ACO technic

Romania

Specialised building products


made from resin concrete.

Russia

ACO international

Slovenia

Exports the above products


all over the world.

Spain

Slovakia

Sweden

ACO wildlife

Switzerland

Products designed to assist


wildlife conservation.

USA

International enquiries
Fax: +(0)1462 850957
E-mail: international@aco.co.uk

May 2004 ACO Technologies plc. All reasonable care has been taken in compiling the information in this document. All recommendations and suggestions on the use of ACO
products are made without guarantee since the conditions of use are beyond the control of the Company. It is the customer's responsibility to ensure that each product is fit for its
intended purpose and that the actual conditions of use are suitable.
This brochure and any advice is provided by ACO Technologies plc (the company) free of charge and accordingly on terms that no liability (including liability for negligence) will
attach to the Company or its servants or agents arising out of or in connection with or in relation to this brochure or any such advice. Any goods supplied by the Company will be
supplied solely upon its standard conditions of sale, copies of which are available on request.
The Company's policy of continuous product development and improvement renders specifications liable to modification. Information provided in this brochure is therefore
subject to change without prior notification.

48