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ZXMBW B9100

BaseBand Unit type B

Technical Manual
Version 3.21

ZTE CORPORATION
ZTE Plaza, Keji Road South,
Hi-Tech Industrial Park,
Nanshan District, Shenzhen,
P. R. China
518057
Tel: (86) 755 26771900
Fax: (86) 755 26770801
URL: http://ensupport.zte.com.cn
E-mail: support@zte.com.cn

LEGAL INFORMATION
Copyright 2006 ZTE CORPORATION.
The contents of this document are protected by copyright laws and international treaties. Any reproduction or distribution of
this document or any portion of this document, in any form by any means, without the prior written consent of ZTE CORPORATION is prohibited. Additionally, the contents of this document are protected by contractual confidentiality obligations.
All company, brand and product names are trade or service marks, or registered trade or service marks, of ZTE CORPORATION
or of their respective owners.
This document is provided as is, and all express, implied, or statutory warranties, representations or conditions are disclaimed, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title or non-infringement. ZTE CORPORATION and its licensors shall not be liable for damages resulting from the use of or reliance on the
information contained herein.
ZTE CORPORATION or its licensors may have current or pending intellectual property rights or applications covering the subject
matter of this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license between ZTE CORPORATION and its licensee,
the user of this document shall not acquire any license to the subject matter herein.
ZTE CORPORATION reserves the right to upgrade or make technical change to this product without further notice.
Users may visit ZTE technical support website http://ensupport.zte.com.cn to inquire related information.
The ultimate right to interpret this product resides in ZTE CORPORATION.

Revision History
Revision No.

Revision Date

Revision Reason

R1.0

03/30/2009

First Edition

Serial Number: sjzl20090782

Contents

Preface............................................................... i
Product Overview..............................................1
Position in ASN Network .................................................. 1
Product Appearance ........................................................ 2
Product Functions ........................................................... 2
Product Features ............................................................ 3
External Interfaces ......................................................... 4
Application Scenarios ...................................................... 5
Operation and Maintenance Modes ...................................10
Product Reliability ..........................................................10
Technical Indices ...........................................................12
Engineering Indices ...................................................12
Performance Indices ..................................................13
Clock Indices ............................................................14
Compliance Standards....................................................14

Work Principle................................................. 19
System Architecture.......................................................19
Signal Flows .................................................................20
Service Signal Flow....................................................20
Clock Signal Flow ......................................................21
Power Distribution .........................................................22
Ventilation and Heat-dissipation Principles.........................22

Networking and Configuration......................... 25


ZXMBW B9100 and AGW Networking................................25
Baseband-RF Interface Networking ..................................27
Boards Configuration Principle .........................................28

Hardware Description...................................... 31
Cabinet ........................................................................31
Cabinet Technique Feature ..........................................31
Cabinet Outer Structure .............................................31
Cabinet Inner Structure..............................................32

Dust Filter Mesh................................................33


Fan Shelf .........................................................34
Cabling Rack ....................................................35
Monitoring Component.......................................36
Boards .........................................................................37
Boards Layout ...........................................................37
CSIM Board ..............................................................38
Functions .........................................................38
Principle ..........................................................38
CSIM Panel ......................................................39
Indicators ........................................................40
Buttons ...........................................................41
Panel Interfaces................................................41
MPIM Board ..............................................................42
Functions .........................................................42
Principle ..........................................................42
MPIM Panel ......................................................43
Indicators ........................................................44
Buttons ...........................................................45
Panel Interfaces................................................45
WBPM Board .............................................................46
Functions .........................................................46
Principle ..........................................................46
WBPM Panel .....................................................47
Indicators ........................................................48
Buttons ...........................................................49
Panel Interface .................................................49
TFM Board ................................................................50
Functions .........................................................50
Principle ..........................................................50
TFM Panel ........................................................51
Indicators ........................................................52
Buttons ...........................................................53
Panel Interfaces................................................53
PM Board..................................................................54
Functions .........................................................54
Principle ..........................................................54
PM Panel..........................................................55
Indicators ........................................................55
Panel Interfaces................................................56

FEMM Board..............................................................57
Functions .........................................................57
Principle ..........................................................57
FEMM Panel......................................................57
Indicators ........................................................58
Panel Interfaces................................................58
MPXM Board .............................................................59
Functions .........................................................59
Principle ..........................................................59
MPXM Panel......................................................60
Indicators ........................................................60
Panel Interfaces................................................61
BBS Backplane ..............................................................61
External Cables .............................................................62
DC Power Cable.........................................................62
Grounding Cable........................................................63
Single-core LC-LC Single-mode Indoor Fiber..................63
LC/PC-LC/PC Two-Core Single-Mode Waterproof
Outdoor Fiber....................................................64
DLC/PC-DLC/PC Two-Core Single-Mode Waterproof
Outdoor Fiber....................................................64
Two-core Field Operational Fiber ..................................65
Ethernet Cable ..........................................................65
Internal Monitoring Transit Cable (MON-96515001) ................................................................67
External Monitoring Transit Cable (MON-96515002) ................................................................68
Special Interconnection Cable (DS-96515-003)..............70
Non-special Interconnection Cable (MON-96508002) ................................................................70
GPS Lightning Arrester and TFM Interconnection Feeder
Cable ...............................................................71
GPS Antenna Feeder System ...........................................72
GPS Antenna Feeder System Structure .........................72
GPS Antenna ............................................................73
GPS Feeder...............................................................74
GPS Arrester.............................................................75
GPS Feeder Connector................................................76
GPS Grounding Kit .....................................................77

Protocol Interface Description ........................ 79

ASN Network Reference Model.........................................79


R6 Interface .................................................................81
Baseband-RF Interface ...................................................83

Figures ............................................................ 85
Tables ............................................................. 89
List of Glossary................................................ 91

Preface
Purpose

ZXMBW B9100 is a type of BBU developed by ZTE Corporation


based on the WiMAX radio standard. It is one of the ASN equipments.
This manual provides ZXMBW B9100 product overview, which will
help the readers know the products function, principle, specification, features, cabinet, modules, external interfaces and cables.
This manual describes network position, functions, features, protocol interfaces, indices and complied standards, module functions
and principles, cable structures and part structures of ZXMBW
B9100.

Intended
Audience

This document is intended for engineers and technicians who perform operation activities on ZXMBW B9100.

Prerequisite Skill
and Knowledge

To use this document effectively, users should have a general understanding of WiMAX system. Familiarity with the following is
helpful:

What is in this
Manual

WiMAX technology

ZXMBW B9100 and its various components.

This manual contains the following chapters:


Chapter

Summary

Chapter 1 Product Overview

Describes the appearance,


functions, features, interfaces,
application scenarios, indices and
standard compliance of ZXMBW
B9100.

Chapter 2 Work Principle

Describes the system architecture,


signal flows, power distribution
and the ventilation and
heat-dissipation principles of
ZXMBW B9100.

Chapter 3 Networking and


Configuration

Describes the networking modes


of each NE interface and the
product configuration principles.

Chapter 4 Hardware Description

Describes the cabinet structure,


board functions, principles, cable
structure and GPS feeder system
structure of ZXMBW B9100.

Chapter 5 Protocol Interface


Description

Describes standard protocol


interfaces used by ZXMBW B9100:
R6 interface and baseband-RF
interface.

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ii

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Chapter

Product Overview
Table of Contents
Position in ASN Network ...................................................... 1
Product Appearance ............................................................ 2
Product Functions ............................................................... 2
Product Features ................................................................ 3
External Interfaces ............................................................. 4
Application Scenarios .......................................................... 5
Operation and Maintenance Modes .......................................10
Product Reliability..............................................................10
Technical Indices ...............................................................12
Compliance Standards........................................................14

Position in ASN Network


Figure 1 illustrates the position of ZXMBW B9100 in the ASN network.
FIGURE 1 ZXMBW B9100 POSITION

IN

ASN NETWORK

Table 1 lists the meaning of various network elements in the above


figure.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

TABLE 1 NETWORK ELEMENT MEANING


NE Name

Meaning

AGW

Access Service Network Gateway

B9100

Baseband Unit type B

BS

Base Station

MS

Mobile Station

RRU

Remote Radio Unit

Product Appearance
ZXMBW B9100 is a 19 inch standard cabinet with its dimension as
482.6 mm * 308.4 mm (about 7U) * 200 mm (width * height *
depth).
Figure 2 shows the ZXMBW B9100 appearance.
FIGURE 2 ZXMBW B9100 APPEARANCE

Product Functions
The ZXMBW B9100 performs the following functions:

Accomplishes 802.16 air interface physical layer functions such


as forward modulation and reverse demodulation of OFDMA
baseband data, forward/reverse power control.

Manages service flow and connections.

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

Supports UGS, rtPS, ErtPS, nrtPS, and BE services. With CSN,


it accomplishes complete QoS functions in the system.

Manages SS /terminal status, including network accessing control, Ranging control, measurement control and neighbor cell
scan control.

Adjusts SS frequency/timing/power.

Supports up to 18 CSs.

Supports TDD.

Supports 1*1 and 1*3 frequency multiplexing; supporting


PUSC and FUSC sub-carrier distribution.

Monitors power supply modules, fans and storage batteries.

Receives GPS and GLONASS signals, generates and distributes


system clock, and broadcasts TOD messages.

Provides modularized baseband-RF interface, building block


mode expansion, and flexible networking.

For indoor use, ZXMBW B9100 stack can be expanded smoothly


to meet the large capacity requirements.

Supports RRU cascading.

Product Features
The ZXMBW B9100 delivers the following features:

Supports both indoor and outdoor installation modes.

Supports fixed access, hotspot coverage (Hotspot refers to the


coverage region that stretches dozens of miles and allows wireless users to surf the Web at speeds that are much faster than
connections via a DSL or cable modem), and indoor coverage.

Complies with IEEE 802.16-2005 and WiMAX ForumTM Mobile


Radio Conformance Tests requirements.

Supports smooth upgrade from Wave 1 to Wave 2 is available.

Supports the all subchannel configuration.

Supports broadband applications such as:

5 MHz

7 MHz

10 MHz

Supports 1R/1T, 2R/2T and 4R/2T Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO).

Supports -48 V DC power supply.

Supports outer loop power control.

Supports up to 10 km away from RRU.

Complies with FCC, CE, and UL certificates.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Supports optical interface power detection and early warning


on fiber aging.

Supports both active/standby mode and balance sharing mode


of power module.

Supports optical interface 1.25G/2.5G adaptive application.

External Interfaces
Figure 3 shows the external interfaces in ZXMBW B9100.
FIGURE 3 EXTERNAL INTERFACES

1.
2.
3.

Interface
Description

Monitoring Interface
Power Supply Input Interface
GPS Antenna Input Interface

4.
5.
6.

R6 Interface (Electrical Interface)


R6 Interface (Optical Interface)
Baseband-RF Interface

Table 2 lists the ZXMBW B9100 external interface description.


TABLE 2 EXTERNAL INTERFACE DESCRIPTION

Interface

Description

Module Located

Monitoring Interface

Includes RS232,
RS485, and other
Monitoring interfaces.
Used for environment
monitoring.

FEMM

Power Input Interface

Used for 48 V
external power
connection.

PM

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

Interface

Description

Module Located

GPS Antenna Input


Interface

ZXMBW B9100 GPS


antenna feeder signal
input.

TFM

R6 Interface
(Electrical Interface)

Electrical interface
to connect ZXMBW
B9100 and AGW.

CSIM

R6 Interface (Optical
Interface)

Optical interface
to connect ZXMBW
B9100 and AGW.
R6 Electrical interface
and R6 Optical
interface cannot
coexist, but have to
adopted alternatively.

CSIM

Baseband-RF
Interface

Interface to connect
ZXMBW B9100 and
RRU.

WBPM

Application Scenarios
ZXMBW B9100 can be installed in a 19 inch indoor cabinet, a simplified indoor rack, a HUB cabinet or an outdoor power cabinet.

Note:
The cabinet is required to be no less than 8 U high and with a
front-to-back air channel to ensure good ventilation and heat-dissipation.
Figure 4 shows the installation of ZXMBW B9100 in a 19 inch indoor
cabinet.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 4 19

1.

INCH

INDOOR CABINET INSTALLATION

GPS panel

2.

ZXMBW B9100 case

Figure 5 shows the installation of ZXMBW B9100 in a simplified


indoor rack.

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

FIGURE 5 SIMPLIFIED INDOOR RACK INSTALLATION

1.

GPS panel

2.

ZXMBW B9100 case

Figure 6 shows the installation of ZXMBW B9100 in a HUB cabinet.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 6 HUB CABINET INSTALLATION

Figure 7 shows the installation of ZXMBW B9100 in an outdoor


power cabinet.

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

FIGURE 7 OUTDOOR POWER CABINET INSTALLATION

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

IDU
Power conversion subrack
Heat exchanger
Blank panels
ZXMBW B9100 case
ZXDU B121 power subrack
Battery storage

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Operation and Maintenance


Modes
ZXMBW B9100 operation and maintenance subsystem consists of
the agent processes that operate in the NE and the Unified Network Management (UNM) software OMC. It fulfills the functions
of security management, configuration management, fault management, performance management, log management and other
auxiliary functions to meet the telecommunications demands.
The OMC consists of OMC server and OMC client. Figure 8 shows
the operation and maintenance modes of ZXMBW B9100.
FIGURE 8 ZXMBW B9100 OPERATION

AND

MAINTENANCE MODES

Product Reliability
Hardware
Reliability

Hardware reliability lies in the following aspects.


1. Board re-power on function
In case of invalid board software reset, implement power-off
reset to the board power supply through CSIM. CSIM controls
over MPIM, MPXM, WBPM and TFM, other boards being unaffected.
2. Board in-position detection function
CSIM communicates with other boards to judge the normality of their operation, and implements in-position detection of
each board via backplanes or connection cables for higher reliability.
3. Board reverse insertion prevention function
If a board is inserted upside down, it will fail to contact the
backplane normally so as to protect the equipment from damage.
4. Power over-voltage, over-current and inverse connection protection function
5. Backup strategy

10

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

CSIM, TFM and PM boards support the operation mode of


1+1 active/standby hot backup.
BBU adopts the concept of resource pool. Baseband board
supports load sharing.

6. Quality attribute design

Software
Reliability

-48 V distributed power supply with lightning proof design


Failure remote location, a better mode for field hard fault
and graceful failure.

Reliable grounding design

Consideration of structure, hot design and overall wiring

Simplification and error protection design.

Software reliability lies in the following items.


1. Software operation support

Collects periodical statistics of task CPU occupancy and


heap.
Monitors abnormal status such as system CPU overload,
task endless loop, suspension and dead lock.
Detects various abnormal CPU events and conducts processing accordingly.
Provides reset logs and black box and makes records on
field information of board software failures for failure location.
Database management
Provides abnormality report mechanism and notifies the
user of detailed failure reason when configuring base station with OMC software.
Checks the consistency between NE data and OMC data
through overall configuration, data uploading and data update synchronization.
Provides active/standby hot backup to keep active/standby
data consistency through overall active/standby data synchronization and active/standby data update synchronization.
Provides data saving protection mechanism via file mapping, log and memory to keep the data completion and
consistency in case of emergency such as power off.
Provides abnormal log record function and NE/OMC configuration track record function for the convenience of failure
location.

2. Link transmission

Active and standby link changeover to increase link reliability


Transmission layer adopts reliable transmission protocol to
prevent distributed denial attack.
Network layer conducts multiplexing of IP resource and
touting table with VRF and supports transmission via IP default gateway in case of route search failure.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Link layer adopts VLAN to isolate broadcast.


Protocol stack provides received packet processing protection function.
Separates operation maintenance and service processing
with IPinIP protocol bearer OMC channel.

Technical Indices
Engineering Indices
Dimension

The ZXMBW B9100 cabinet complies with the 19inch standard


cabinet requirement and is 7 U high.
Table 3 gives the dimensions of the ZXMBW B9100 cabinet and
boards.
TABLE 3 ZXMBW B9100 DIMENSIONS
Item

Dimension

ZXMBW B9100 cabinet

308.4mm (H) 482.6mm (W)


200mm (D), with rack-mounting ear;
308.4mm (H) 465.0mm (W) 200
mm (D), without rack-mounting ear

TFM, PM and MPXM boards

74.2 mm (H) 30.0mm (W) 182.8


mm (D)

Backplane

230 mm (H) 425 mm (W) 4 mm


(D)

CSIM, MPIM and WBPM


boards

148.5 mm (H) 30.0mm (W) 182.8


mm (D)

FEMM board

36.3mm (H) 445.4mm (W) 55mm


(D)

Weight

The weight of a fully configured ZXMBW B9100 cabinet is less than


25 kg.

Temperature and
Humidity

Table 4 describes temperature and humidity requirement of


ZXMBW B9100 working environment.
TABLE 4 WORKING ENVIRONMENT TEMPERATURE
REQUIREMENT
Temperature

12

AND

HUMIDITY

Humidity

Working
Temperature

Recommended
Working
Temperature

Working
Humidity

Recommended
Working
Humidity

-5 C ~ +55 C

15 C ~ 35 C

5%RH ~
95%RH

40%RH ~
60%RH

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

Power Supply

Table 5 describes power supply requirement of ZXMBW B9100.


TABLE 5 POWER SUPPLY REQUIREMENT
Item
DC

Requirement
-48V
Allowable range: -40V ~ -57V
+24V (optional)
Allowable range: +18V ~ +30V

AC

Total Power
Consumption

Single-phase AC power supply (optional, a power


distruction subrack is required)
Allowable range: 90VAC ~ 300VAC, 50/60Hz

Table 6 describes power consumption indices of ZXMBW B9100.


TABLE 6 POWER CONSUMPTION INDICES
Item

Index

Typical power
consumption

300W (3 carrier sector configuration)

Full
configuration

< 500W

Performance Indices
Table 7 describes ZXMBW B9100 performance indices.
TABLE 7 PERFORMANCE INDICES
Item

Index

Frequency

Multicarrier

Bandwidth

5MHz / 7MHz /10MHz / 20MHz


One pair of WBPM and MPIM supports up to three 7
M bandwidths and two 10 M bandwidths.

MIMO

2 Rx2Tx / 4Rx2Tx

Baseband
capacity

Up to 18 carrier sectors

Duplex mode

TDD

Modulation and
code

Uplink: QPSK / 16QAM


Downlink: QPSK / 16QAM / 64QAM

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Clock Indices
Table 8 lists the description of ZXMBW B9100 clock indices.
TABLE 8 CLOCK INDICES
Parameter

Index Description

Frequency
Reference

10 MHz with its inaccuracy less than 10-10 when


satellite is locked or in holdover status.

Temperature

<0.510-9

Clock Synchronization
Source

In case of synchronization source or loss of BTS


clock, a dual constant temperature through crystal
can be used to maintain a short-term clock stability.
The HOLDOVER algorithm guarantees the phase
shift to be less than 10s within 24 hours after the
synchronization signal gets lost, which enables the
normal operation of BTS.

Frequency
Difference

< 0.05 ppm

Phase
Difference

< 10 s

Compliance Standards
TheZXMBW B9100 complies to the following international standards.
General Standards

14

IEEE Standard 802.16-2004, IEEE Standard for Local and


Metropolitan Area Networks - Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed
Wireless Access Systems.

IEEE Standard 802.16-2005Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed and


Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems.

WiMAX ForumTM Mobile Radio Conformance Tests (MRCT).

WiMAX ForumTM Mobile Protocol Implementation Conformance


Statement (PICS) Proforma.

WiMAX ForumTM Mobile System Profile.

PICMG 3.x Specification.

MicroTCA Specification 1.0RC2.

AMC.0_R10 SpecificationAMC.0_R20 Specification.

AMC.1_R10 Specification.

AMC.2_R10 Specification.

AMC.3_R10 Specification.

OBSAI Reference Point 3 Specification Version 3.0.

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Chapter 1 Product Overview

Lightning
Protection
Standards

Safety Standards

EMC Standards

IEC 61312-1 (1995) Protection against Lightning Electromagnetic Impulse Part I: General Principles.

IEC 61643-1 (1998) Surge Protective devices connected to


low-voltage power distribution systems.

ITU-T K.11 (1993) Principles of Protection against Overvoltage


and Overcurrent.

ITU-T K.27 (1996) Bonding Configurations and Earthing Inside


a Telecommunication Building.

ETS 300 253 (2004) Equipment Engineering; Earthing and


bonding of telecommunication equipment in telecommunication centres.

IEC 60950 Safety of information technology equipment including Electrical Business Equipment.

IEC 60215 Safety requirement for radio transmitting equipment.

CAN/CSA-C22.2 No 1-M94 Audio, Video and Similar Electronic


Equipment.

CAN/CSA-C22.2 No 950-95 Safety of Information Technology


Equipment Including Electrical Business Equipment.

UL 1419 Standard for Professional Video and Audio Equipment

73/23/EEC Low Voltage Directive.

UL 1950 Safety of information technology equipment Including


Electrical Business Equipment.

IEC60529 Classification of degrees of protection provided by


enclosure (IP Code).

GOST 30631-99. General Requirements to machines, instruments and other industrial articles on stability to external mechanical impacts while operating.

GOST 12.2.007.0-75. Electrotechnical devices. The general


safety requirements.

CISPR 22 (1997): Limits and methods of measurement of radio


disturbance characteristics of information technology equipment.

EN 301 489-1 Part 1:Common technical requirements.

IEC 61000-6-1: 1997: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 6: Generic standards - Section 1: Immunity for residential, commercial and light-industrial environments.

IEC 61000-6-3: 1996: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 6: Generic standards - Section 3: mission standard for
residential, commercial and light industrial environments.

IEC 61000-4-2 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)


- Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques - Section 2:
Electrostatic discharge immunity test.

IEC 61000-4-3 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)


- Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques - Section 3:
Radiated, radio-frequency electromagnetic field immunity test.

IEC 61000-4-4 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)


- Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques - Section 4:
Electrical fast transient/burst immunity test.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Environment
Standards

16

IEC 61000-4-5 (1995): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC)


- Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques - Section 5:
Surge immunity test.

IEC 61000-4-6 (1996): Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Part 4: Testing and measurement techniques - Section 6: Immunity to contacted disturbances, induced by radio frequency
fields.

ITU-T Recommendation K.20: Resistibility of Telecommunication Switching Equipment to Overvoltages and Overcurrents.

GOST R 51318.22-99: Electromagnetic compatibility of technical equipment. Man-made noise from informational equipment. Limits and test methods.

GOST 30429-96: Electromagnetic compatibility of technical


equipment. Man-made noise from equipment and apparatus
used together with service receiver systems of civil application. Limits and test methods.

IEC 60529 "Degrees of protection provided by enclosure (IP


code)".

IEC 60721-3-1: Classification of environmental conditionsPart3: Classification of groups of environmental parameters


and their severities-Section 1: Storage.

IEC 60721-3-2: Classification of environmental conditionsPart3: Classification of groups of environmental parameters


and their severities-Section 2: Transportation.

IEC 60721-3-3 (1994): Classification of environmental conditions - Part 3: Classification of groups of environmental parameters and their severities - Section 3: Stationary use at
weather protected locations.

ETS 300 019-2-1: Equipment Engineering (EE); Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications
equipment; Part 2-1, Specification of environmental tests Storage.

ETS 300 019-2-2: Equipment Engineering (EE); Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications
equipment; Part 2-2, Specification of environmental tests
Transportation.

ETS 300 019-2-3: Equipment Engineering (EE); Environmental conditions and environmental tests for telecommunications
equipment; Part 2-3, Specification of environmental tests
Transportation Stationary use at weather-protected locations.

IEC 60068-2-1 (1990): Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests.


Tests A: Cold.

IEC 60068-2-2 (1974): Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests.


Tests B: Dry heat.

IEC 60068-2-6 (1995): Environmental testing - Part 2: Tests


- Test Fc: Vibration (sinusoidal).

GOST 15150-69: Machines, instruments and other industrial


articles. Applications for different climatic regions. Categories,
operating, storage and transportation conditions in compliance
with the environmental factors.

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GOST 23088-80: Electronic equipment. Requirements to


packing and transportation and test methods.

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Chapter

Work Principle
Table of Contents
System Architecture ..........................................................19
Signal Flows .....................................................................20
Power Distribution .............................................................22
Ventilation and Heat-dissipation Principles ............................22

System Architecture
Architecture

Figure 9 illustrates the ZXMBW B9100 system architecture.


FIGURE 9 SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

Signal Flow

Forward Service
The ZXMBW B9100 receives the forward service from AGW
through R6 interface, and implements signal coding and modulation. After that the coded and modulated signal is transmit-

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

ted to the RRU via fiber or local connection. The RRU performs
radio modulation, amplification and filtration on the signal, an
then the signal is radiated through the antenna and received
by access terminals.

Reverse Service
The antenna receives the reverse service that from access terminals, and passes the service to the RRU. The RRU performs
radio demodulation on the service. The demodulated signal is
transmitted to ZXMBW B9100 through fiber or local connection. The ZXMBW B9100 decodes the signal, and sends the
signal to core network via R6 interface.

Signal Flows
Service Signal Flow
In ZXMBW B9100, control plane signal flow and media plane signal
flow are combined into one signal flow.
Forward Signal
Flow

Figure 10 shows the forward service signal flow.


FIGURE 10 FORWARD SERVICE SIGNAL FLOW

20

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Chapter 2 Work Principle

The service signal from CN flows through AGW and into the CSIM
board via R6 interface. After Ethernet switch, it is distributed to
MPXM, MPIM and WBPM to finish the MAC and PHY processing of
baseband modulation, and then sent to RRU through the baseband-RF optical interface.
Reverse Signal
Flow

Figure 11 shows the reverse signal flow.


FIGURE 11 RESERVE SERVICE SIGNAL FLOW

The RF signal from MS flows into WBPM board through the baseband-RF optical interface. After Ethernet switch, MPXM, MPIM and
WBPM completes the MAC and PHY processing of baseband demodulation. Finally, the signal is sent to AGW via the R6 interface
in CSIM board.

Clock Signal Flow


ZXMBW B9100 system clock is wholly distributed by TFM.
TFM processes received satellite signals and outputs PP1S, 4CHIP
and SerDes clock signals. Afterwards, it distributes these clock
signals to each board of ZXMBW B9100, as shown in Figure 12.

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FIGURE 12 CLOCK SIGNAL DISTRIBUTION

Power Distribution
The external -48 V power supply goes through the DC power cable
to PM via its panel inlets. PM processes and outputs voltages of
12 V and 3.3 V for distribution into each board in the cabinet.

Ventilation and
Heat-dissipation Principles
ZXMBW B9100 adopts forced aircooling with front intake and
rear exhaust. It is equipped with 3 separated fan units.

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Chapter 2 Work Principle

The cool air blows into the cabinet through the air intake vent at
the bottom and goes upwards through the air exhaust vent at top.
Figure 13 shows the air flow in the ZXMBW B9100 air channel.
FIGURE 13 AIR FLOW

1.
2.
3.
4.

Air Exhaust Vent


Board Insertion Section
Fan Box
Dust Filter

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Chapter

Networking and
Configuration
Table of Contents
ZXMBW B9100 and AGW Networking....................................25
Baseband-RF Interface Networking ......................................27
Boards Configuration Principle .............................................28

ZXMBW B9100 and AGW


Networking
One AGW
Connected to
Multiple BSs

ZXMBW B9100 supports the star networking mode with AGW, as


illustrated in Figure 14.
FIGURE 14 ZXMBW B9100-AGW STAR NETWORKING

Every ZXMBW B9100 is connected to AGW through transmission


medium, which facilitates network maintenance and engineering
installation because of high line reliability.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

One BS Connected
to Multiple AGWs

To improve the reliability and AGW disaster recovery capability,


one BS is connected to multiple AGWs. Both layer 2 and layer 3
exchanges between BS and AGWs are supported.
1. In layer 2 mode,
One BS is connected to multiple AGWs through a layer 2 switch,
as illustrated in Figure 15.
FIGURE 15 BS CONNECTED

TO

MULTIPLE AGWS

VIA

LAYER 2 SWITCH

In this mode, the external IP address of MPXM is in the same


subnet with interface IP addresses of these AGWs. Because all
media plane and signaling plane packets sent to an AGW should
be transferred by the interface of the AGW, the corresponding
route table should be configured in MPXM.
2. In layer 3 mode,
The external IP address of MPXM, interface IP addresses, signaling IP addresses and media plane IP addresses of AGWs can
be in different subnets. In this mode, the media plane and signaling plane packets sent to any AGW should be only routed to
the external router connected to the MPXM because of simple
configuration of MPXM.
Figure 16 illustrates the layer 3 connectivity mode.

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Chapter 3 Networking and Configuration

FIGURE 16 BS CONNECTED

TO

AGWS

VIA

LAYER 3 SWITCH

Baseband-RF Interface
Networking
ZXMBW B9100 supports a star or chain networking with RRU.
Star Networking

In star networking, each RRU connects directly to ZXMBW B9100


via optical fiber, as is shown in Figure 17.

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FIGURE 17 STAR NETWORKING

Chain Networking

RRU chain networking is applicable in sparsely populated areas.


Figure 18 shows the detail.
FIGURE 18 CHAIN NETWORKING

Boards Configuration
Principle
Figure 19 shows a 310 M boards configuration.
FIGURE 19 BOARDS CONFIGURATION

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Chapter 3 Networking and Configuration

1~17 are the physical slot numbers.

Table 9 lists the boards configuration principles.


TABLE 9 BOARDS CONFIGURATION PRINCIPLES
Board

Configuration Principle

TFM

Optional active and standby configuration in the


fixed slots 1 and 2. If no standby board is needed,
configure TFM in slot 1 as default.

CSIM

Optional 1+1 backup boards are configured in the


fixed slots 8 and 9. No backup in default configuration.

PM

Optional active and standby configuration in the fixed


slots 15 and 16. If no standby board is needed,
configure PM in slot 15 as default. If the configuration
is above S111, the 2 PM boards are configured in 1+1.

MPXM

Main processing board, configured left to PM, one


board for one BBU.

WBPM

installed interchangeably except in the fixed slots


mentioned above with a preference of 6, 7 and 11
slots.

MPIM

Main processing board, configured in any other slots


with a preference of 3, 4, 13 slots. 1:1 configuration
with WBPM.

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Chapter

Hardware Description
Table of Contents
Cabinet ............................................................................31
Boards .............................................................................37
BBS Backplane ..................................................................61
External Cables .................................................................62
GPS Antenna Feeder System ...............................................72

Cabinet
Cabinet Technique Feature

ZXMBW B9100 is designed based on TCA architecture with its


small sized cards. It boasts of high flexibility and expansibility.

ZXMBW B9100 is a standard 7U high, 19 in. chassis, which


can be installed in any standard 19 in. rack.

The product adopts central power supply mode.

The product adopts front air intake and rear air exhaust mode.

Cabinet Outer Structure


Description

Structure

ZXMBW B9100 cabinet is a 19 (width) plug-in box. The dimensions are as width = 482.6 mm, height = 308.5 mm, depth =196.0
mm.
Figure 20 shows the ZXMBW B9100 cabinet outer structure.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 20 CABINET OUTER STRUCTURE

1.
2.

Case
Rear backplane

3.

Rear cover

Cabinet Inner Structure


Description

32

ZXMBW B9100 cabinet consists of the following components:

Shelf

Monitor Box

Boards

Cabling Rack

Fan Box

Dust-filter Mesh

BBS Backplane

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

Cabinet
Components

Figure 21 illustrates the inner structure of ZXMBW B9100.


FIGURE 21 INNER STRUCTURE

1.
2.
3.

Monitoring component
Board
Cabling tray

4.
5.
6.

Fan box
Dust filter mesh
Subrack

Note:
The BBS Backplane of ZXMBW B9100 located at back side of the
shelf.

Dust Filter Mesh


Description

When a ZXMBW B9100 cabinet is used independently, a dust filter


mesh is located at the bottom of the cabinet. There are holes on
the panel of dust filter mesh to allow air ventilation.

Structure

Dust filter mesh composed of structure frame and filtering mask.


The structure of dust filter mesh is illustrated in Figure 22

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 22 DUST FILTER MESH STRUCTURE

1.
2.

Filtering Mask
Structure Frame

3.

Captive Screw

1. The filtering mask is removable. The overall component is fixed


on the shelf by two captive screws located on the frame panel.
2. The filtering mask must be cleaned regularly.
3. If the ZXMBW B9100 shelf is used in the cabinet with filtering
mask, remove the filtering mask of the shelf for better ventilation.

Fan Shelf
Description
Structure

Fan shelf is at the bottom of ZXMBW B9100 boards shelf. Fan shelf
contains three sets of fan modules.
Figure 23 shows the fan module structure.
FIGURE 23 FAN MODULE STRUCTURE

1.
2.
3.
4.

34

Indicator board
Fan
Fan Unit Connection
(FUCM)
Fan module case

Module

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

Fan Module Front


Panel

Figure 24 shows the fan module front panel indicators.


FIGURE 24 FAN MODULE FRONT PANEL INDICATORS

Each ground of fan module panel has 2 indicators such as Fan 1


and Fan 2 to indicate the status of the two fans respectively.
Table 10 describes the fan module panel indicator.
TABLE 10 FAN MODULE PANEL INDICATORS
Indicator
FAN1

Color
green

Description
Running indicator.
On: Fan1 works normally.
Off: Fan1 is powered off or abnormal.

FAN2

green

Running indicator.
On: Fan2 works normally.
Off: Fan2 is powered off or abnormal.

Cabling Rack
Description

In order to facilitate proper cabling, the cabling rack is available


and is installed below the boards shelf. Cabling rack is installed
upon equipment delivery.
During the ZXMBW B9100 cabling, unscrew the two captive screws
on the cabling rack cover plate and turn over the panel. The signal
cables can go through the slot on the cabling rack. Use cable strap
to fix the cables. After cabling, replace the cabling rack cover plate
and fix the plate with two captive screws on cabling rack.

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Cabling Rack
Appearance

Cabling rack appearance is shown in Figure 25


FIGURE 25 CABLING RACK APPEARANCE

1.

Captive Screw

2.

Cabling Rack Cover Plate

Monitoring Component

36

Description

Monitoring component is composed of monitor panel, FEMM and


BLPM1 . It accomplishes fan control and exterior environment
monitoring. It also provides trunk access point and lightning proof.
The monitoring component is on the top of front ZXMBW B9100
shelf.

Structure

The position of the monitoring component in the shelf and its structure are shown in Figure 26.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

FIGURE 26 MONITORING COMPONENT STRUCTURE

1.
2.

Shelf
FEMM

3.
4.

BLPM1
Front Panel

Boards
Boards Layout
Figure 27 illustrates the ZXMBW B9100 boards layout in the cabinet.
FIGURE 27 BOARDS LAYOUT

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

CSIM Board
Functions
The CSIM board provides Ethernet switching, box management,
operation maintenance, and signaling processing functions.
The functions of CSIM board are:

Implements switching functions within the sub-system, including Ethernet switching and selective IQ switching.

Implements plug-in box management function inside the subsystem, such as IPMI switching.

Communicates and controls the functions of fan, Environment


Monitoring board and Power board.

Provides a centralized controlling point for the foreground software including version software, database, resource distribution, local operation maintenance OMC.

Provides external Ethernet interface for local operation maintenance of OMC.

Provides external local debug interface.

Reserves monitoring interface for the accessory equipments of


1*100 Mbps and RS485/RS232.

Provides R6 Ethernet interface, including electric port and optical port.

Provides baseband RF interface when configuring IQ switch


sub-card.

Implements 1+1 active/standby logic control of the board.

Principle
The working principle of the CSIM board is shown in Figure 28.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

FIGURE 28 CSIM BOARD WORKING PRINCIPLE

The CSIM mainly includes CPU subsystem, Active/Standby Control


Unit, Ethernet Switch Unit, Micro TCA Carrier Management Controller (MCMC) Unit and external Ethernet Interface Unit. They
are described respectively.

CPU subsystem implements signaling process, version distribution and database location function.

The Active/Standby Control Unit implements active/standby


switching function.

The MCMC Unit implements box management and provides


IPMB bus.

The external Ethernet Interface Unit implements external R6


interface , local OMC interface, local debug interface and cascade interface functions.

CSIM Panel
Figure 29 shows the CSIM panel.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 29 CSIM PANEL

1.

Handle

Indicators
The CSIM board panel indicators are described in Table 11.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

TABLE 11 CSIM PANEL INDICATORS


Indicator
Name

Color

Function Description

HS

Blue

The BLUE LED of AMC.0 R2.0, hot swappable


indicator is controlled by the MMC and used
to indicate the insert-and-extract status of
handle and the board.
ON: the board can be extracted.
OFF: the board is under operation and cannot
be extracted.

ALM

Red

LED1 in AMC.0 R2.0, OOS, alarm indicator,


controlled by MMC.
ON: the board has alarm.
OFF: the board has no alarm.

RUN

Green

LED2 in AMC.0 R2.0, run indicator, controlled


by MMC.
ON: the board is in normal operation.
OFF: the board is not powered on.

ACT

Green

Active / standby indicator.


ON: the board is in active status.
OFF: the board is in standby status.

LINK

Green

Link indicator for external Ethernet port.


Three ports share the usage, adopting blink
frequency to distinguish the ports.
ON: the link is normal.
OFF: the link is not normal or no link.

SD

Green

Network interface fiber module SD indicator.


On: the fiber port is normal.
Off: the fiber port is abnormal.

Buttons
Table 12 describes the buttons on the CSIM panel.
TABLE 12 CSIM PANEL BUTTONS
Name

Description

RST

Reset button.

M/S

Active/standby button.

Panel Interfaces
The CSIM panel interfaces are described in Table 13.

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TABLE 13 CSIM PANEL INTERFACES


Interface
Name

Connector
Type

Description

RX

LC

Network interface, 10 Mbps /100 Mbps


/1000 Mbps fiber port.

TX

Receives and transmits R6 interface


optical signal.
ETH

Ethernet port, 10 Mbps /100 Mbps


/1000 Mbps circuit (electrical) port.

DBG/CAS

10 Mbps /100 Mbps /1000 Mbps circuit


(electrical) port
RJ45

OMC/MON

Local debug interface or cascade


interface.
FE interface, Local operation
maintenance or external monitoring
interface.
Connects with local OMC or
environment monitoring devices.

MPIM Board
Functions
The MPIM implements the following functions:

PHY drive and interface part implements data flow interaction


function for MAC and PHY.

MAC PDU processing part implements uplink UL MPP and downlink DL MPP.

Scheduling part implements uplink scheduling and downlink


scheduling.

MPIM board also implements IPMI management function.

Principle
The working principle of MPIM board is shown in Figure 30.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

FIGURE 30 MPIM BOARD WORKING PRINCIPLE

The MPIM board consist of Processing unit, MMC Unit, Ethernet


Interface Unit and Debug Interface Unit. The following are the
functions of MPIM board units:

The Processing Unit implements MAC level scheduling and PDU


processing.

The MMC Unit implements MMC function, providing external


IPMB bus.

The Debug Interface Unit implements Ethernet debug interface and Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter (UART)
interface functions.

The Ethernet Unit provides external GE SerDes interface, implementing information interaction between MAC and PHY and
between MAC and primary CSIM .

MPIM Panel
Figure 31 shows the MPIM panel structure.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 31 MPIM PANEL

1.

Handle

Indicators
Table 14 lists the MPIM boards panel indicators and their descriptions.

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TABLE 14 MPIM BOARD INDICATORS DESCRIPTION


Indicator
Name

Color

Function Description

HS

Blue

BLUE LED in AMC.0 R2.0, hot-swappable


indicator, and controlled by MMC.
On: the board is not plugged in correct position
and no version is downloaded.
5 Hz periodical flash: the board is under
operation, the wrench is opened causing board
alarm.
1 Hz periodical flash: the board is under
operation, the wrench is opened; the board is
in standby status or releases resource, and it
can be extracted.
Off: the board wrench is normal.

ALM

Red

LED1 in AMC.0 R2.0, OOS, Alarm indicator, and


controlled by MMC
On: there is alarm on the board.
Off: there is no alarm on the board.

RUN

Green

LED2 in AMC.0 R2.0, run indicator, and


controlled by MMC.
On: the version file begins to run, requesting
the logical address of the board.
1.5 sec. periodical flash: the main programs of
the board are processing.
0.3 sec. periodical flash: board run normal.
70 sec. periodical flash: the communication
between MPIM and CSIM interrupted.

LINK0

Green

Network link indicator.


On: the link is normal.
Off : the link is abnormal.

Buttons
The MPIM board panel has only one button as shown in Table 15.
TABLE 15 MPIM BUTTON
Button Name

Description

RST

Reset switch

Panel Interfaces
MPIM board panel has one interface as described in Table 16.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

TABLE 16 MPIM PANEL INTERFACE


Interface
Name

Connector
Type

Description

DBG

RJ45

Debug interface, 10 Mbps /100 Mbps


circuit (electrical) port.

WBPM Board
Functions
The WiMAX Baseband Processing Module (WBPM ) board implements the following functions:

Implements physical level FFT/IFFT function.

Implements modulation and demodulation function.

Implements coding and decoding function.

Implements RF interface function.

Principle
Figure 32 illustrates the working principle of the WBPM board.
FIGURE 32 WBPM BOARD WORKING PRINCIPLE

WBPM is composed of Baseband Processing Unit, Baseband RF Interface Unit, Ethernet Interface Unit and MMC Unit. Their functions
are given below.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

The Baseband Processing Unit implements WiMAX physical


layer functions including FFT/IFFT, modulation, demodulation,
coding, and decoding.

Baseband RF Interface Unit provides interface between BBU


and RRU and transmits IQ baseband data and clock and control
signaling.

The Ethernet Interface Unit provides external GE SerDes interface to communicate with the MAC board and the parimary
board.

The MMC unit implements MMC function and provides an external IPMB bus.

WBPM Panel
Figure 33 shows the WBPM panel structure.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 33 WBPM PANEL

1.

Handle

Indicators
The WBPM board panel indicators are described in Table 17.

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TABLE 17 WBPM INDICATORS


Indicator
Name

Color

Description

HS

BLUE

BLUE LED in AMC.0 R2.0, hot-swappable


indicator, and controlled by MMC
On: the board is not inserted in the right
position and the version is not downloaded.
5 Hz periodical flash: when the board is
under operation, the wrench is opened,
resulting in board alarm.
1 Hz periodical flash: when the board is
under operation, the wrench is opened,
the board is in standby status or releases
resource, and can be extracted.
Off: the board wrench is normal.

ALM

Red

LED1 in AMC.0 R2.0, OOS, alarm indicator,


and controlled by MMC
On: the board has alarm.
Off: the board has no alarm.

RUN

Green

LED2 in AMC.0 R2.0, run indicator, and


controlled by MMC
5 Hz flash: the board is in power-up
procedure.
1 Hz flash: the board is under normal
operation.
On: the version download is succeed and the
version is being started.
Off: the board is abnormal.

SD0, SD1
and SD2

Green

Baseband radio interface fiber module SD


indicator.
On: fiber module is normal, but in slave
status.
Off: fiber module has no signal.
Blink: fiber is normal, and in master status.

Buttons
Table 18 describes the button on the WBPM Panel.
TABLE 18 WBPM BUTTON
Name

Introduction

RST

Reset switch

Panel Interface
There WBPM boards panel interfaces are described in Table 19.

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TABLE 19 WBPM PANEL INTERFACES


Interface
Name

Connector
type

Description

TX0
RX1
TX1
RX1

SFP or LC

TX2

Baseband radio interface, fiber port


(optional, according to the application
requirement).
Optical signal transmitting and receiving
interface.

RX2

TFM Board
Functions
The TFM board performs the following functions:

Receives satellite signal through (GPS / GLONASS /Triones)


satellites and exports TOD and PP2S reference clocks.

Exports phase-locked system clock through local Oven Control


Crystal Oscillator (OXCO).

Communicates with the system primary boards, including Micro Controller Unit (MCU) system and RS485 interface.

Provides 1+1 active/standby control function.

Also Implements MMC management function.

Principle
The working principle of the TFM board is shown in Figure 34.

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FIGURE 34 TFM BOARD WORKING PRINCIPLE

TFM is composed of the Micro-Control Unit (MCU), Clock Phase


Lock and Drive-distributing Unit, Active/Standby Control Unit and
PP2S/TOD Generator Unit and MMC Unit. Its working principle is
as below.

MCU implements board management and the communication


with the system control unit, clock control algorithm and exports clock signals based on the data provided by the Clock
Phase Lock Unit.

PP2S/TOD Generator generates PP2S reference clock based on


the message provided by the GPS / GLONASS / Triones receiver
and exports TOD message.

Clock Phase Lock and Drive-distributing sub-system implements synchronous clock 8K phase lock within the circuit
domain, PP2S shaping, driving and distribution of the system
reference clock and the 4CHIP driving and distribution of the
system domain clock.

Active/Standby
Control
sub-system
implements
active/standby change over, including order changeover, manual
change over, fault change over and reset changeover modes,
implementing instant clock switching.

MMC Unit implements MMC function to provide external IPMB


bus.

TFM Panel
Figure 35 shows the TFM panel structure.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 35 TFM PANEL

1.
2.
3.

MON
1PPS GPS
1PPSGLONASS Beidou satellite

4.
5.

ANT
Handle

Indicators
There are six indicators on the TFM panel as described in Table 20
.
TABLE 20 TFM PANEL INDICATORS DESCRIPTION
Indicator
Name

Color

Description

HS

Blue

BLUE LED in AMC.0 R2.0, hot-swappable


indicator, and controlled by MMC.
On: the board is not inserted in correct
position; the version is not downloaded.
5 Hz periodical flash: the wrench
is opened when the board is under
operation resulting in board alarm.
1 Hz periodical flash: the wrench
is opened while the board is under
operation, the board is in standby
status or releases resource and can be
extracted.
Off: the board wrench is normal.

ALM

Red

LED1 in AMC.0 R2.0, OOS, alarm


indicator, and controlled by MMC.
On: the board has alarm.
Off: the board has no alarm.

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Indicator
Name

Color

Description

RUN

Green

LED2 in AMC.0 R2.0, run indicator, and


controlled by MMC.
5 Hz flash: the board is in power-up
procedure.
1 Hz flash: the board is under normal
operation
On: the version is downloaded
successfully and is being started.
Off: the board is abnormal.

ACT

Green

Active / Standby status indicator.


On: the board is an active board.
Off: the board is a standby board.

ANT

Green

Antenna feeder indicator, indicating


antenna feeder status. adopts different
blinking frequency to indicate different
status of antenna feeder.
On: the feeder is normal.
Off: the antenna feeder system or
satellite is being initialized.
(2/3)Hz: the feeder is broken.
(10/3)Hz: feeder normal but cannot
receive the satellite signal.
0.4Hz: feeder is short-circuited.
70 ms.: can not receive the satellite
signal after initialization

Clk

Green

Clock status indicator, indicating CHIP,


8K timing status. It adopts different
blinking frequencies to indicate different
status.

Buttons
Table 21 shows the buttons on TFM panel.
TABLE 21 TFM PANEL BUTTONS
Name

Description

RST

Reset button.

M/S

Active/standby change-over button.

Panel Interfaces
The TFM boards panel interfaces are described in Table 22 .

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TABLE 22 TFM PANEL INTERFACES


Interface Name

Description

MON

Monitoring interface

ANT

GPS antenna signal receiving interface

1PPS (GPS)

1PPS test clock output interface (GPS)

1PPS (GLONASS/
Triones)

1PPS test clock output interface (GLONASS/


Triones)

PM Board
Functions
PM module converts the input -48V DC into +12 V load power
and +3.3 V management power needed by ZXMBW B9100, and
completes the power management.
PM module provides:

+12 V load power

3.3 V management power

EMMC management function

input OV/UV measurement and protection

output OC protection and load power management.

Principle
Figure 36 shows the PM board principle.
FIGURE 36 PM WORK PRINCIPLE

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

The PM consists of filter, DC-DC conversion circuit, overvoltage/overcurrent protection circuit, monitoring & control unit,
and active/standby switchover interface unit. Their functions are
as follows:

The filter completes EMI filtering of the input power supply.

The DC-DC conversion circuit converts the -48 V input voltage


into 12 V and 3.3 V voltages for other boards.

The overvoltage/overcurrent protection circuit protects the


cabinet circuit.

The monitoring & control unit implements power management


and measurement.

The active/standby switchover interface unit implements active/standby switchover.

PM Panel
Figure 37 illustrates the PM panel.
FIGURE 37 PM PANEL

1.

Handle

Indicators
The PM483 board indicators are described in Table 23.

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TABLE 23 PM483 INDICATORS


Indicator
Name

Color

Description

HS

Blue

BLUE LED in AMC.0 R2.0,


hot-swappable indicator, and
controlled by MMC.
On: the board is not inserted in
right position and the version is not
downloaded.
5 Hz periodical flash: the wrench
is opened when the board is under
operation, resulting in board alarm.
1 Hz periodical flash: the wrench
is opened when the board is under
operation; the board is in standby
status or releases resource, and can
be extracted.
Off: the board wrench is normal.

ALM

Red

LED1 in AMC.0 R2.0, OOS, alarm


indicator, and controlled by MMC.
On: the board has alarm.
Off: the board has no alarm.

RUN

Green

LED2 in AMC.0 R2.0, run indicator, and


controlled by MMC.
5 Hz flash: the board is in power-up
procedure.
1 Hz flash: the board is under normal
operation.
On: the version is downloaded
successfully and is being started.
Off: the board is abnormal.

Panel Interfaces
The PM483 panel interfaces are described in Table 24.
TABLE 24 PM483 PANEL INTERFACE

56

Interface Name

Connector
Type

Description

MON

RS232

Power monitoring interface.

-48V/-48VTRN

DB44

-48V input interface.

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FEMM Board
Functions
FEMM provides the following functions:

Checks the status and controls the speed of fans.

Monitors the environment and reserves monitor interfaces for


cabinet door control, cabinet temperature, cabinet flooding,
equipment room entrance inhibition, room humidity, room
smog, and room infrared.

Provides input boolean interface.

Supports EMMC management.

Supervises external signals to prevent lightning.

Principle
Figure 38 shows the FEMM board principle.
FIGURE 38 FEMM WORK PRINCIPLE

The FEMM consists of ENV.Monitor (environment monitoring unit),


MCU Unit, FAN Ctrl (fan rev control unit) and EMMC unit. Their
functions are as follows:

ENV. Monitor supervises sensors such as temperature, access


control, and flooding.

MCU unit fulfills the main control function, including version


download, alarm report, and communication control.

FAN Ctrl monitors the fans and automatically adjusts the


speed for extended life.

EMMC unit provides external IPMB bus.

FEMM Panel
The FEMM board is fixed in the cabinet.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Figure 39 shows the FEMM panel structure.


FIGURE 39 FEMM PANEL

Indicators
The indicators on FEMM board panel are described in Table 25.
TABLE 25 FEMM INDICATORS
Indicator
Name

Color

Description

RUN

Green

Run indicator.
5 Hz flash: the board is in power-up
procedure.
1 Hz flash: the board is under normal
operation.
On: the version is downloaded successfully
and is being started.
Off: the board is abnormal.

ALM

Red

Alarm indicator.
On: the board has alarm.
Off: the board has no alarm.

Panel Interfaces
The interfaces on the FEMM panel are described in Table 26.
TABLE 26 FEMM PANEL INTERFACES

58

Interface
Name

Connector
Type

Description

BB_MON

DB15 - D type
(15 pin)

Fan control, cabinet environment


monitor module and external
environment monitor interface.

EX_MON

DB44 - D type
(44 pins)

Cabinet operation room environment


monitor variable interface.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

MPXM Board
Functions
MPXM supports:

UGS, rtPS, ErtPS, nrtPS and BE service types

Call distribution process

Radio resource management

Handoff control, including HHO (Hard Handoff), FBSS (Fast BS


Switching) and MDHO (Macro Diversity Handover)

Power control

Power save mode

ARQ

Mapping of air interface QoS and R6 interface differential service code

R6 link detection

IPMI management.

Principle
Figure 40 shows the MPXM principle.
FIGURE 40 MPXM WORK PRINCIPLE

MPXM consists of CPU Unit, MMC Unit, Ethernet interface unit and
debug interface unit. Their functions are as follows:

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CPU unit fulfills the BSC processing function.

MMC unit provides external IPMB bus and IPMI control interface.

Debug interface unit debugs the Ethernet interface and UART


interface.

Ethernet unit provides external GE SerDes interface to implement the interaction with the main control board (CSIM).

MPXM Panel
Figure 41 shows the MPXM panel.
FIGURE 41 MPXM PANEL

1.

Handle

Indicators
There are 4 indicators in MPXM panel with their descriptions listed
in Table 27.

60

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

TABLE 27 MPXM PANEL INDICATORS DESCRIPTION


Indicator

Color

Meaning

RUN

Green Running
indicator

Always ON: The version starts operating


and is requesting for the board logic
address.
1.5 s ON; 1.5 s OFF: Basic board
processes are being powered on.
0.3 s ON; 0.3 s OFF: Board operates
normally.
70ms ON; 70ms OFF: Communications
between boards and the main control
board CSIM are disconnected.

ALM

Red

ON: Alarm exists in the board.


OFF: No alarm exists.

LINK

Green Debug
(DBG)
interface
status
indicator

HS

Blue

Alarm
indicator

Description

ON: DBG interface connects normally.


OFF: DBG interface connects abnormally.

Reserved

Panel Interfaces
There is one debugging interface in MPXM panel. Table 28 gives
its description.
TABLE 28 MPXM PANEL INTERFACE DESCRIPTION
Description

Interface
ETH

RJ45 debugging interface

BBS Backplane
Function

Structure

The BBS backplane performs following functions.

Implements system clock distribution.

Provides the communication paths within the sub-system.

Provides the IPMB communication paths within the sub-system.

The structure of BBS Backplane is illustrated in Figure 42

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FIGURE 42 BBS BACKPLANE STRUCTURE

External Cables
DC Power Cable
The power supply cable provides ZXMBW B9100 with -48V DC
power supply.
Structure

Figure 43 shows the power supply cable structure.


FIGURE 43 DC POWER CABLE

The power cable is a 3 core cable with a 2.5mm2 cross sectional


area. End A is a D type connector which connects to the ZXMBW
B9100 PM board. End B connects with power distribution box or
the power supply output end of UPS cabinet.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

Cable Connection
Description

Table 29 illustrates the DC power cable Connection details.


TABLE 29 POWER SUPPLY CABLE CONNECTION DETAILS
End A

End B

Core Cable
Color

Description

A1

B1

Brown

-48 VGND

A2

B1

Blue

-48 V

D Type Metal
Shell

B2

Yellow/Green

PE

Grounding Cable
ZXMBW B9100 protection grounding cable (grounding cable for
short) fulfills the overall cabinet grounding.
Structure

Figure 44 shows the structure of ZXMBW B9100 grounding cable.


FIGURE 44 GROUNDING CABLE

Technical Indices

The nominal cross-sectional area is 10mm2.

The maximum DC impedance is 3.3 /km at 20.

The prescribed value of insulation thickness is 0.8 mm.

The rating voltage is 450 V /750 V.

The maximum working temperature is 70.

Single-core LC-LC Single-mode


Indoor Fiber
There is an optical signal interface between ZXMBW B9100 and
AGW. Generally, for indoor use, the LC-LC Single-core Single-mode
indoor fiber is used between ZXMBW B9100 and AGW.
Figure 45 shows the appearance of the LC-LC Single-core Singlemode indoor fiber.

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FIGURE 45 LC-LC SINGLE-CORE SINGLE-MODE INDOOR FIBER

LC/PC-LC/PC Two-Core
Single-Mode Waterproof Outdoor
Fiber
Figure 46 shows the LC/PC-LC/PC two-core single-mode waterproof outdoor optical fiber cable structure.
FIGURE 46 LC/PC-LC/PC TWO-CORE SINGLE-MODE WATERPROOF
OUTDOOR FIBER

DLC/PC-DLC/PC Two-Core
Single-Mode Waterproof Outdoor
Fiber
The DLC/PC-DLC/PC two-core single-mode waterproof outdoor optical fiber cable is used for providing optical signal interface between BBU and RRU.
Figure 47 shows the structure of the DLC/PC-DLC/PC two-core single-mode waterproof outdoor optical fiber cable.

64

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

FIGURE 47 DLC/PC-DLC/PC TWO-CORE SINGLE-MODE WATERPROOF


OUTDOOR FIBER

Two-core Field Operational Fiber


The Two-core field operational fiber is used for the optical signal
interconnection between ZXMBW B9100 and RRU.
structure

Figure 48 illustrates the structure of the Two-core field operational


fiber.
FIGURE 48 TWO-CORE

1.

FIELD OPERATIONAL FIBER

STRUCTURE

Cable Divider (one to two)- Indoor

End "A" is an outdoor fiber connector, and End "B" is an LC-type


fiber connector.
Connection
Description

Table 30 lists the connection description of the Two-core field operational fiber.
TABLE 30 TWO-CORE

FIELD OPERATIONAL FIBER

End A

CONNECTION DESCRIPTION
End B

A1(RX)

B1(TX)

A2(TX)

B2(RX)

Ethernet Cable
Ethernet cable is used to connect ZXMBW B9100 and OMC or to
connect ZXMBW B9100 and AGW when they are interconnected
through Ethernet. Ethernet cable is made of shielded CAT 5e. It
has an outdoor type for outdoor application.
100M Ethernet cable is classified into straight-through cable and
crossover cable.
Structure

Figure 49 shows the Ethernet cable appearance.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

FIGURE 49 ETHERNET CABLE STRUCTURE

Connection
Relationship

Straight-Through cable (100M Ethernet)


Table 31 lists the straight-through cable (100 M Ethernet) connection relationships.
TABLE 31 STRAIGHT-THROUGH CABLE CONNECTION (100 M ETHERNET)
End A Pin
No.

Wire Color

W
hite
/ o O
range range

End B Pin
No.

W
hite
/ g
reen
3

Blue

W
hite
/ b
lue

G
reen

W
hite
/ b B
rown rown

The straight-through GE cable is of no different from 100M


Ethernet cable, with the same conductor colors at two ends.

Crossover cable (100M Ethernet)


Table 32 lists the crossover cable (100 M Ethernet) connection
relationships.
TABLE 32 CROSSOVER CABLE CONNECTION (100 M ETHERNET)
End A Pin
No.

Wire Color

W
hite
/ o O
range range

End B Pin
No.

Wire Color

W
hite
/ g
reen

W
hite
/ g
reen

G
reen

W
hite
/ o
range Blue

Blue

W
hite
/ b
lue

G
reen

W
hite
/ b B
rown rown

W
hite
/ b
lue

W
hite
/ b B
O
range rown rown

Table 33 lists the crossover GE cable connection relationship.


TABLE 33 CROSSOVER CABLE CONNECTION (GE)

66

End A Pin
No.

Wire Color

W
hite
/ o O
range range

3
W
hite
/ g
reen

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Blue

W
hite
/ b
lue

G
reen

W
hite
/ b B
rown rown

Chapter 4 Hardware Description

End B Pin
No.

Wire Color

W
hite
/ g
reen

G
reen

W
hite
/ o
range

W
hite
/ b B
O
rown rown range Blue

8
W
hite
/ b
lue

Internal Monitoring Transit Cable


(MON-96515-001)
Short Description

Internal Monitoring Transit Cable (MON-96515-001) is used to


monitor the ZXMBW B9100 cabinet environment such as cabinet
temperature, humidity and cabinet access control monitor. The
external environment monitor interface is also available on the
MON-96515-001 monitoring cable.

Structure

Figure 50 shows the internal monitoring transit cable (MON96515-001) structure.


FIGURE 50 INTERNAL MONITORING TRANSIT CABLE (MON-96515-001)
STRUCTURE

Connection
Description

Table 34 lists the internal monitoring transit cable (MON-96515001) connection description.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

TABLE 34 MON-96515-001 CONNECTION DESCRIPTION


Cable

MON-96515001

End A

BB-MON

End B

Monitoring
Description

B1:
CABINET_TEM

Cabinet
temperature
monitor.

B2:
CABINET_WAT

Cabinet
humidity
monitor.

B3: CABINET_DOOR

Cabinet access
control monitor.

B4: RS485

External
monitoring
interface.

B5: RS232

External
monitoring
interface.

External Monitoring Transit Cable


(MON-96515-002)
Short Description

External monitoring transit cable (MON-96515-002) is used to


monitor ZXMBW B9100 operation room environment including
temperature, humidity, smog and access control.

Structure

Figure 51 shows the External monitoring transit cable (MON96515-002) structure.

68

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

FIGURE 51 EXTERNAL MONITORING TRANSIT CABLE (MON-96515-002)


STRUCTURE

Connection
Description

Table 35 lists the External monitoring transit cable (MON-96515002) connection description.
TABLE 35 MON-96515-002 CONNECTION DESCRIPTION
Cable

End A

End B

B1SMOG_MON

Monitoring
Description
Operation room
smog monitor.

Operation
room infrared
B2FRARED_MON monitor.

MON-96515002

EX-MON

Operation room
temperature
and humidity
B3HUN.TEMP_MONmonitor.

B4DOOR_MON

Operation room
access control
monitor.

B5SWL_OUT

B6SW_IN

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Special Interconnection Cable


(DS-96515-003)
The special interconnection cable (DS-96515-003) is used together with the internal monitor transfer cable (MON-96515-001).
It connects ZXMBW B9100 and the outdoor power cabinet through
RS232 interface and sends the power monitoring signals to
ZXMBW B9100.
Structure

Figure 52 shows the structure of the special interconnection cable


(DS-96515-003).
FIGURE 52 SPECIAL INTERCONNECTION CABLE (DS-96515-003)
STRUCTURE

Connection
Relationship

Table 36 lists the connection relationship of the special interconnection cable (DS-96515-003).
TABLE 36 SPECIAL INTERCONNECTION CABLE (DS-96515-003)
CONNECTION RELATIONSHIP
End A Pin No.

Cable Color

End B Pin No.

Signal
Definition

Blue

O_UART-RX_EM

Orange

I_UART-TX_EM

White

GNDD

DB9 Metal Shell

Shielding Layer

DB9 Metal Shell

GND

Non-special Interconnection Cable


(MON-96508-002)
The non-special interconnection cable (MON-96508-002) is used
together with the internal monitor transfer cable (MON-96515001). It connects ZXMBW B9100 and other monitor equipments
and via RS232 or RS485 interface and sends the monitoring signals to ZXMBW B9100.
Structure

70

Figure 53 shows the structure of the non-special interconnection


cable (MON-96508-002).

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FIGURE 53 NON-SPECIAL INTERCONNECTION CABLE (MON-96508-002)


STRUCTURE

Connection
Relationship

Table 37 lists the connection relationship of the non-special interconnection cable (MON-96508-002).
TABLE 37 NON-SPECIAL INTERCONNECTION CABLE (MON-96508-002)
CONNECTION RELATIONSHIP
End A Pin
No.

Cable Color

Signal Definition

GNDD

White (white and green)

O_RS485RX-_EM

White (white and blue)

O_RS485RX+_EM

Blue (White and blue)

GNDD

Green (white and green)

I_RS485TX-_EM

White (white and orange)

I_RS485TX+_EM

Orange (white and orange)

O_UARTRX_EM

Blue (Red and blue)

I_UARTTX_EM

Orange (red and orange)

GNDD

Red (red and blue)

DB9 Metal
Shell

GND

Shielding layer

GPS Lightning Arrester and TFM


Interconnection Feeder Cable
Function

The TFM boards outgoing feeder cable connects the TFM GPS interface with GPS lightning arrester.

Structure

Figure 54 illustrates the structure of TFM and GPS interconnection


cable.
FIGURE 54 TFM

AND

GPS INTERCONNECTION CABLE

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

GPS Antenna Feeder


System
GPS Antenna Feeder System
Structure
GPS signal is the reference clock and reference frequency for the
BBU system. GPS antenna feeder system receives the positioning
signals from GPS satellites. The TFM demodulates and extracts
the frequency and clock signals to send them to each unit in the
ZXMBW B9100.
Different GPS antenna feeder system structure is implemented according to the installation mode of the ZXMBW B9100 cabinet.
For ZXMBW
B9100 Indoor
Installation

When the ZXMBW B9100 is installed indoors, the GPS antenna


feeder system structure implemented is as shown in Figure 55.
FIGURE 55 GPS ANTENNA FEEDER SYSTEM STRUCTURE (ZXMBW B9100
INSTALLED INDOORS)

1.
2.
3.

For ZXMBW
B9100 Outdoor
Installation

72

GPS Antenna Feeder Pole


GPS Antenna
Feeder Cable

4.
5.

Feeder Grounding Kit


GPS Antenna Lightning Arrester

For ZXMBW B9100 outdoor installation, GPS feeder grounding kit


is not required. The GPS antenna feeder system structure implemented for outdoor installation is as shown in Figure 56.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

FIGURE 56 GPS ANTENNA FEEDER SYSTEM STRUCTURE (ZXMBW B9100


INSTALLED OUTDOORS)

1.
2.

GPS Antenna Feeder Pole


GPS Antenna

3.
4.

Feeder Cable
GPS Antenna Lightning Arrester

GPS Antenna
Description

GPS antenna is an active antenna. GPS antenna receives GPS


satellite signals and sends them to clock module.

Technical Indices

Table 38 lists the technical indices and specifications of GPS antenna.


TABLE 38 GPS ANTENNA TECHNICAL INDICES
Index name

Index Specification

Frequency

1.57542 GHz

Gain

38 dBi 2 dBi (including low noise amplifiers gain).

Polarization

right hand circular polarization

Impedance

50

Interface

NF

Noise coefficient

<1.5 dB

Power supply voltage

5 V DC~12 V DC

power supply current

<35 mA

Working temperature

-30 ~70

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Index name

Index Specification

Storage temperature

-45 ~85

Rain-proof

air-sealing

Material of antenna shield

UPVC

weight

450 g

Support tube dimension

27 mm x 300 mm

GPS Feeder
Functions

Structure

The GPS feeder performs following functions:

Connects the GPS antenna with the clock module.

Transmits signals received by the GPS antenna to the clock


module for proper processing.

Transmits the DC 5 V power generated by the clock module to


the GPS antenna as the working voltage.

PE insulation impedance is 50 ohm. It is one-layer bare copper


braided shielded.

When the GPS feeder length is less than 100m, 1/4" RF coaxial
cable can be used. 1/4" RF coaxial cable appearance is shown in
Figure 57
FIGURE 57 GPS FEEDER STRUCTURE

1.
2.

Technical Indices

Cable core
Shield cover

3.

Insulating layer

Table 39 lists the technical indices of GPS feeder cable.


TABLE 39 GPS FEEDER CABLE TECHNICAL INDICES
Technical Parameter

74

Index Scope

Name

1/4 foam polyethylene insulation wrinkle


copper tube external conductor RF coaxial
cable.

Characteristic impedance

50

Inner conductor calibration outer diameter

2.6 mm.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

Technical Parameter

Index Scope

Insulation layer calibration outer diameter

6 mm.

VSWR

1.2

Attenuation

18.9 dB /100 m. at 1.57542 GH.

GPS Arrester
Description

The GPS arrester is installed between the coaxial feeder that connects with GPS antenna and the antenna feeder RF cable on the
clock module to prevent the clock module and other modules from
the transient overvoltage caused by lightning induction.

Structure

Two kinds of GPS arresters are available at present: one-in-one


and two-in-one. Figure 58 shows the structure of the former type
and Figure 59 illustrates that of the latter.
FIGURE 58 ONE-IN-ONE GPS ARRESTER STRUCTURE

FIGURE 59 TWO-IN-ONE GPS ARRESTER STRUCTURE

Technical Indices

Table 40 lists the technical indices of one-in-one GPS arrester.

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

TABLE 40 ONE-IN-ONE GPS ARRESTER TECHNICAL INDICES


Index

Specification

Impedance

50

VSWR

1.2

Insertion loss

0.2 dB

Working frequency

1.5 1.6GHz

Table 41 lists the technical indices of two-in-one GPS arrester.


TABLE 41 TWO-IN-ONE GPS ARRESTER TECHNICAL INDICES
Index

Specification

Impedance

50

VSWR

1.2

insertion loss

4.0 dB

Maximum transmitting power

50 W

rated through-current capacity


(8/20s)

10 kA

Working frequency

1500 ~ 1610MHz

GPS Feeder Connector


Description

Structure

The GPS feeder connector is an N type straight cable clip 1/4 connector. GPS feeder connector is a small/medium power connector with thread connection mechanism, and has wide application
in connecting coaxial RF cables in radio devices and instruments.
GPS feeder connectors impedance is 50 ohm.
Figure 60 shows the GPS feeder connector structure.
FIGURE 60 GPS FEEDER CONNECTOR STRUCTURE

Technical Indices

76

Table 42 lists the technical indices of GPS feeder connector.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Description

TABLE 42 GPS FEEDER CONNECTOR TECHNICAL INDICES


Index name

Specification

Model

NM-1/4L

Characteristic Impedance

50

Frequency scope

0 GHz ~11 GHz

dielectric strength

2500 V minimum sea level

VSWR

1.100 GHz ~ 3 GHz

Inner conductor contact resistance

1.0 m

external conductor contact resistance

0.25 m

insulation resistance

5000 M

cable connecting sustainability

300 N

Temperature

-65 ~ +165

humidity

95%

Corroding gas environment

No acid or alkaline gas

GPS Grounding Kit


Structure

When the GPS feeder uses 1/4" RF coaxial cable, the GPS feeder
grounding kit should be glue free. Structure of GPS grounding kit
is shown in Figure 61.

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FIGURE 61 GPS GROUNDING KIT STRUCTURE

Technical Indices

Table 43 lists the GPS feeder grounding kit technical indexes.


TABLE 43 GPS FEEDER GROUNDING KIT TECHNICAL INDEXES
Technical Parameter

78

Specification

Material of grounding kit

stainless steel

Material of copper braid belt

purple copper

Grounding cable copper core cross-sectional area

10 mm2.

Grounding cable length

800 mm.

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Chapter

Protocol Interface
Description
Table of Contents
ASN Network Reference Model.............................................79
R6 Interface .....................................................................81
Baseband-RF Interface .......................................................83

ASN Network Reference


Model
The following describes the Access Service Network (ASN) network
reference model. The ASN network reference model developed
by the WiMAX (Worldwide Inter-operability for Microwave Access)
NWG (Net Work Group) is shown in Figure 62.

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FIGURE 62 ASN NETWORK REFERENCE MODEL

The interface of Figure 62 are described in Table 44.


TABLE 44 INTERFACES DESCRIPTION

80

Interface
Name

Description

R1

Air interface between the terminal and the RRU.

R3

The interface between the AGW (ASN-GW, Access


Service Network Gate Way) and the CN.

R4

Interface between ASNs, i.e. the interface between


AGWs. It implements some switching-related
signaling and established data channel to maintain
data integrity during switching.

R6

The interface between the AGW and the BS.

R7

Internal interface of the AGW. It is selective. It


divides the AGW into strategy judgment function
and implementing function.

R8

Interface between BSs.

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Chapter 5 Protocol Interface Description

R6 Interface
Signal
Transmitting
Mode

The signaling between the BS and the ASN-GW is transmitted


through the R6 Channel. It adopts a format of User Datagram
Protocol (UDP) plus the format defined by the NWG stage 3. Encapsulation channel protocol bears media layer data. R6 signaling
bearer is UDP R6 data bearer can be Generic Routing Encapsulation
(GRE), Multiple Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) and Virtual Local
Area Network (VLAN). ASN-GW terminates the R6 channel from
the BS. R6 channel can be realized through different Encapsulation techniques GRE, MPLS or VLAN and the channel granularities
may differ. The data routing function of R6 supports negotiation
between the encapsulation protocol and the channel granularity.

Control Layer
Message Format

The control layer message format of the R6 interface is shown in


Figure 63.
FIGURE 63 CONTROL LAYER MESSAGE FORMAT

Table 45 describes the fields of R6 control layer message format


TABLE 45 CONTROL LAYER MESSAGE FORMAT FIELDS DESCRIPTION
Field Name

Description

Version

Protocol version No.

Flags

Byte length with detailed format


in Figure 64.

Function Type

Indicating functions, such as HO


Control

OP ID

Indicating operational type

Message Type

Message type corresponding to


Function Type, such as HO_Req

Length

Message length, including


message header

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Field Name

Description

MSID

The MAC address of the


message-related MS. If it
does not associate with a specific
MS, all digits are configured as 0.

Reserved

32 reserved digits configured as 0

Transaction ID

Transaction ID. If the transaction


ID is 0, the packet should be
discarded.

Reserved

Reserved digit configured as 0

Destination Identifier TLV (Type/


Length/Value)

Length-alterable destination
entity mark. For example, the
destination of a message is the
network node ID of a function
entity. Message receiver should
check the Destination Identifier
of the message header. If the
Destination Identifier is the same
as the receivers Identifier, the
receiver will process the message.
Otherwise the receiver should
relay the message without altering
it to the Destination Identifier.

Source Identifier TLV

Length-alterable source entity


mark. For example a message
body is from the ID of the network
node of a functional entity

TLVs

The triplet following the message


header

The detailed format of the flags field is shown in Figure 64.


FIGURE 64 FLAGS FIELD FORMAT

Table 46 lists the description of the Flags fields.


TABLE 46 FLAGS FIELD DESCRIPTION
Field Name

82

Description

Reserved digit, must be configured


as 0; the receiving party should
ignore the reserved digit

While configuring this digit, the


message should contain Source
Identifier TLV and Destination
Identifier TLV

Reset next expected Transaction


ID

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Chapter 5 Protocol Interface Description

Control Layer
Protocol Stack

Figure 65 illustrates the structure of R6 control layer protocol


stack.
FIGURE 65 CONTROL LAYER PROTOCOL STACK

In the Figure 65, L2/L3 connectivity refers to the communication


channel between two functional entities. The IP message encapsulation between two functional entities is decided by the connection
feature (such as the GRE channel adopting GRE). The seal outside the encapsulation message should have address information
to enable the network between L2 and L3 to convey the message
to correct physical entities.
Physical Layer
Interface

The physical layer of the ZXMBW B9100 R6 interface adopts packet


access mode or Time Division Multiplexing Access ( TDMA ) mode.

Baseband-RF Interface
Baseband-RF interface connects BBU and RRU with compliance
with OBSAI RP3 protocol. BBU and RRU accordingly designed can
interconnect with generality, reliability and flexibility.
OBSAI Frame
Structure

Message
Message is the basic unit of OBSAI with 19 bytes of address,
type, time stamp and payload. Figure 66 shows its frame structure.
FIGURE 66 MESSAGE FRAME FORMAT

Table 47 lists the length of each field in Message frame.


TABLE 47 FIELD LENGTH

IN

MESSAGE FRAME

Name

Length (bits)

Address

13

Type

Time stampT-Stamp

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Name

Length (bits)

Payload

128

Total length

152= 19 bytes

Message Group (MG)


Each MG message group contains M_MG message
bodies and K_MG IDLE codes with its total bytes as
M_MG*19+K_MG=21*19+1=400.
Figure 67 shows the structure of MG message group.
FIGURE 67 MESSAGE GROUP STRUCTURE

Each RP3 frame contains N_MG MG message groups with its


length as I*N_MG* (M_MG *19byte+K_MG*1). I denotes the
rate 1, 2 or 4 and the recommended values are M_MG=21,
K_MG 1 and N_MG 1920.

Master Frame
One Master Frame (10ms) contains total bytes of I*1920*400
I*768000 with I=1, 2 or 4.
OBSAI supports 3 rates: 1x, 2x and 4x. Figure 68 shows the
frame structure at each rate.
FIGURE 68 MASTER FRAME FORMAT

The Master Frame at 3 rates are all of 10ms with the line rate as
(I*768000/10ms) *8*10/8=I*768Mbps. 1x rate is 768Mbps,
2x is 1536Mbps and 4x is 3072Mbps.

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Figures

Figure 1 ZXMBW B9100 Position in ASN Network .................... 1


Figure 2 ZXMBW B9100 Appearance...................................... 2
Figure 3 External Interfaces ................................................. 4
Figure 4 19 inch Indoor Cabinet Installation ........................... 6
Figure 5 Simplified Indoor Rack Installation............................ 7
Figure 6 HUB Cabinet Installation ......................................... 8
Figure 7 Outdoor Power Cabinet Installation ........................... 9
Figure 8 ZXMBW B9100 Operation and Maintenance Modes .....10
Figure 9 System Architecture ..............................................19
Figure 10 Forward Service Signal Flow..................................20
Figure 11 Reserve Service Signal Flow..................................21
Figure 12 Clock Signal Distribution.......................................22
Figure 13 Air Flow .............................................................23
Figure 14 ZXMBW B9100-AGW Star Networking.....................25
Figure 15 BS Connected to Multiple AGWs via Layer 2 Switch...26
Figure 16 BS Connected to AGWs via Layer 3 Switch ..............27
Figure 17 Star Networking ..................................................28
Figure 18 Chain Networking ................................................28
Figure 19 Boards Configuration ...........................................28
Figure 20 Cabinet Outer Structure .......................................32
Figure 21 Inner Structure ...................................................33
Figure 22 Dust Filter Mesh Structure ....................................34
Figure 23 Fan Module Structure ...........................................34
Figure 24 Fan Module Front Panel Indicators..........................35
Figure 25 Cabling Rack Appearance......................................36
Figure 26 Monitoring Component Structure ...........................37
Figure 27 Boards Layout.....................................................37
Figure 28 CSIM Board Working Principle ...............................39
Figure 29 CSIM Panel .........................................................40
Figure 30 MPIM Board Working Principle ...............................43
Figure 31 MPIM Panel.........................................................44
Figure 32 WBPM Board Working Principle ..............................46
Figure 33 WBPM Panel........................................................48
Figure 34 TFM Board Working Principle .................................51

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Figure 35 TFM Panel...........................................................52


Figure 36 PM Work Principle ................................................54
Figure 37 PM Panel ............................................................55
Figure 38 FEMM Work Principle ............................................57
Figure 39 FEMM Panel ........................................................58
Figure 40 MPXM Work Principle............................................59
Figure 41 MPXM Panel ........................................................60
Figure 42 BBS Backplane Structure ......................................62
Figure 43 DC Power Cable...................................................62
Figure 44 Grounding Cable .................................................63
Figure 45 LC-LC Single-core Single-mode Indoor Fiber............64
Figure 46 LC/PC-LC/PC Two-Core Single-Mode Waterproof
Outdoor Fiber....................................................64
Figure 47 DLC/PC-DLC/PC Two-Core Single-Mode Waterproof
Outdoor Fiber....................................................65
Figure 48 Two-core field operational fiber Structure................65
Figure 49 Ethernet Cable Structure ......................................66
Figure 50 Internal Monitoring Transit Cable (MON-96515-001)
Structure..........................................................67
Figure 51 External Monitoring Transit Cable (MON-96515002) Structure ..................................................69
Figure 52 Special Interconnection Cable (DS-96515-003)
Structure..........................................................70
Figure 53 Non-special Interconnection Cable (MON-96508002) Structure ..................................................71
Figure 54 TFM and GPS Interconnection Cable .......................71
Figure 55 GPS Antenna Feeder System Structure (ZXMBW
B9100 Installed Indoors) ....................................72
Figure 56 GPS Antenna Feeder System Structure (ZXMBW
B9100 Installed Outdoors) ..................................73
Figure 57 GPS Feeder Structure...........................................74
Figure 58 One-in-one GPS Arrester Structure ........................75
Figure 59 Two-in-one GPS Arrester Structure ........................75
Figure 60 GPS Feeder Connector Structure............................76
Figure 61 GPS Grounding Kit Structure .................................78
Figure 62 ASN Network Reference Model ..............................80
Figure 63 Control Layer Message Format ..............................81
Figure 64 Flags Field Format ...............................................82
Figure 65 Control Layer Protocol Stack .................................83
Figure 66 Message Frame Format ........................................83

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Figures

Figure 67 Message Group Structure .....................................84


Figure 68 Master Frame Format ...........................................84

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Tables

Table 1 Network Element Meaning ........................................ 2


Table 2 External Interface Description ................................... 4
Table 3 ZXMBW B9100 Dimensions ......................................12
Table 4 Working Environment Temperature and Humidity
Requirement .....................................................12
Table 5 Power Supply Requirement ......................................13
Table 6 Power Consumption Indices .....................................13
Table 7 Performance Indices................................................13
Table 8 Clock Indices .........................................................14
Table 9 Boards Configuration Principles.................................29
Table 10 Fan Module Panel Indicators ...................................35
Table 11 CSIM Panel Indicators............................................41
Table 12 CSIM Panel Buttons...............................................41
Table 13 CSIM Panel Interfaces ...........................................42
Table 14 MPIM Board Indicators Description ..........................45
Table 15 MPIM Button ........................................................45
Table 16 MPIM Panel Interface.............................................46
Table 17 WBPM Indicators...................................................49
Table 18 WBPM Button .......................................................49
Table 19 WBPM Panel Interfaces ..........................................50
Table 20 TFM Panel Indicators Description .............................52
Table 21 TFM Panel Buttons ................................................53
Table 22 TFM Panel Interfaces .............................................54
Table 23 PM483 Indicators ..................................................56
Table 24 PM483 Panel Interface ...........................................56
Table 25 FEMM Indicators ...................................................58
Table 26 FEMM Panel Interfaces ...........................................58
Table 27 MPXM Panel Indicators Description ..........................61
Table 28 MPXM Panel Interface Description............................61
Table 29 Power Supply Cable Connection Details ....................63
Table 30 Two-core field operational fiber Connection
Description .......................................................65
Table 31 Straight-through Cable Connection (100 M Ethernet)...66
Table 32 Crossover Cable Connection (100 M Ethernet)...........66

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ZXMBW B9100 Technical Manual

Table 33 Crossover Cable Connection (GE) ............................66


Table 34 MON-96515-001 Connection Description ..................68
Table 35 MON-96515-002 Connection Description ..................69
Table 36 Special Interconnection Cable (DS-96515-003)
Connection Relationship......................................70
Table 37 Non-special Interconnection Cable (MON-96508002) Connection Relationship ..............................71
Table 38 GPS Antenna Technical Indices................................73
Table 39 GPS Feeder Cable Technical Indices .........................74
Table 40 One-in-one GPS Arrester Technical Indices ...............76
Table 41 Two-in-one GPS Arrester Technical Indices ...............76
Table 42 GPS Feeder Connector Technical Indices...................77
Table 43 GPS Feeder Grounding Kit Technical Indexes.............78
Table 44 Interfaces Description............................................80
Table 45 Control Layer Message Format Fields Description.......81
Table 46 Flags Field Description ...........................................82
Table 47 Field Length in Message Frame ...............................83

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List of Glossary
AGW - Access Service Network GateWay
ARQ - Automatic Repeat reQuest
ASN - Access Service Network
ASN-GW - Access Service Network Gate Way
BBS - Backplane of Baseband SubsystemWiMAX
BBU - BaseBand Unit
BBU - BaseBand Unit
BE - Best Effort
BLPM1 - BBU Lightning Protection Moduletype1BBU 1
BS - Base Station
BTS - Base Transceiver Station
The BTS is the wireless part of the BSS, which is a kind of wireless
transceiver device serving a certain cell under the control of the
BSC. It implements radio transmission, channel control, channel
coding and diversity functions,and it can be taken as a modem
with very complex functions and structure.
CN - Core Network
CPU - Central Prpcessing Unit
CSIM - Control & Switch Interface Module
CSN - Connectivity Service Network
EMMC - Enhanced MMC MMC
ErtPS - Extend real-time Polling Service
FEMM - Fan control & Environment Monitor Module
FUSC - Full Usage of Sub channels
GLONASS - Global Navigation Satellite System
GPS - Global Positioning System
GRE - Generic Routing Encapsulation
IP - Internet Protocol
IPMI - Intelligent Platform Manage Interface
MAC - Media Access Control
MCU - Micro Controller Unit
MMC - Module Management Controller
MPIM - Main Processor for WiMAX - type 0 -0
MPLS - Multiple Protocol Label Switching
MPXM - Main Processor for WiMAX - type 1 - 1

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MS - Mobile Station
NE - Network Element
nrtPS - non-real-time Polling Service
NWG - Net Work Group
OBSAI - Open Base Station Architecture Initiative
OFDMA - Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Access
OMC - Operation Maintenance Centre
OXCO - Oven Control Crystal Oscillator
PDU - Protocol Data Unit
PHY - Physical layer
PM - Power Module
PM483 - Power Module with 48V@300W 48V
PP2S - Pulse Per 2 Seconds
PUSC - Partial Usage of Sub channels
QoS - Quality of Service
The performance specification of a communications channel or system. QOS may be quantitatively indicated by channel or system
performance parameters, such as signal-to-noise ratio (S/N), bit
error ratio (BER), message throughput rate, and call blocking probability. QOS is a subjective rating of telephone communications
quality in which listeners judge transmissions by qualifiers, such
as excellent, good, fair, poor, or unsatisfactory.
RRU - Remote Radio Unit
rtPS - real-time Polling Service
SS - Subscriber Station
TCA - Traffic ChannelAssignment Message
TDD - Time Division Duplex
A transmission method that uses only one channel for transmitting
and receiving, separating them by different time slots. No guard
band is used. This increases spectral efficiency by eliminating the
buffer band, but also increases flexibility in asynchronous applications. For example, if less traffic travels upstream, the time slice
for that direction can be reduced, and reallocated to downstream
traffic.
TFM - Timing Frequency Module
TLV - Type/Length/Value / /
TOD - Time of Date
UART - Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter /
UDP - User Datagram Protocol
UGS - Unsolicited Grant Service
VLAN - Virtual Local Area Network

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Glossary

WBPM - WiMAX Baseband Process Module


WiMAX - Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access

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93