Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 5

IJSTE - International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering | Volume 2 | Issue 11 | May 2016

ISSN (online): 2349-784X

Smart Campus Power Controller


Alishya Ann Philip
UG Student
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Saintgits College of Engineering

Anija Anna Thomas


UG Student
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Saintgits College of Engineering

Anto Livish A
UG Student
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Saintgits College of Engineering

Ashna Mary Philip


UG Student
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Saintgits College of Engineering

Mohammed Favaz S A
UG Student
Department of Electronics & Communication Engineering
Saintgits College of Engineering

Abstract
The control of electrical appliances including lights, fans etc. is maintained manually in institutions. As part of getting smart in
every aspect, why cant we think of a smart power saver which would control these automatically by itself ?. This project is
intended to work as a power saver unit which can be utilized efficiently in institutions. A visitor counter is present at the entry
which counts the number of person inside the room. When a person enters a room, the fans and lights get automatically ON. At a
zero value in the counter, they get turned OFF. Here power saving can be efficiently implemented by using a centralized control,
wherein the complete control of electric devices is done by a central unit. This can be managed by using the emerging technology
of internet of things (iot). When a single person is present within the room, the associated devices gets turned ON, not the whole.
Similarly, the power will be available to persons based on the count within the room. So, this is a social relevant project which can
be implemented without much difficulties, in institutions where a wide area of control is required. The control is managed by the
said central unit using web facilities.
Keywords: Friction stirs welding (FSW); conical tool; aluminium alloy
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
I.

INTRODUCTION

The modern world has developed in every aspect, including technology and infrastructure. Electronics introduced various
technologies to manage our useful time efficiently. Most of us would have come across the situation that when leaving a room, we
forget to turn off lights and fans.
In todays world, there is continuous need for automatic appliances. So, to make things smarter, we need to find ways of power
saving equipments. Smart campus power controller is a controller based model to count number of persons visiting a particular
room and accordingly light up the room. It also shows present number of persons inside a hall. Providing a centralized control, the
project finds to be useful in campuses having number of departments and subdepartments, where electrical equipments are
controlled manually. There will be a lot of power wasted. Here, by a centralized control using IoT(Internet of Things),there will
be no timelag in switching.
The hardware part includes Arduino board which has 12 pins to program accordingly. The software part includes Arduino IDE
and IoT, wherein a database includes the count values at each room. The hardware part controls the count values and thereby
controlling the relay which controls the mains supply. The internet part includes a website and database which communicates with
appliances through IoT, via the Arduino hardware part.

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

172

Smart Campus Power Controller


(IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 029)

II. CIRCUIT DETAILS


Block Diagram:

Circuit Diagram:

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

173

Smart Campus Power Controller


(IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 029)

Flow Chart:

Working Principle:
1) IOT activates power to the circuit i.e through web page, we can activate power to circuit.

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

174

Smart Campus Power Controller


(IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 029)

2) Two IR sensors are present which are used for counting purpose i.e acts as bidirectional counter.
3) Relay switches provides supply to the end device from power supply.
4) If count value = 0, then relay automatically turn off the power supply.
5) The first set of relay is controlled by web page toactivate power to the circuit.
6) The second set of relay is controlled by count value.
7) The third set of relay is controlled by PIR sensor.
8) PIR motion sensor is used to switch ON the fan or light closer to person.
9) The number of visitors entering a room will be displayed on the LCD display and the Website.
The power to circuit is provided by clicking on the TURN ON/TURN OFF button on the web page. After turning on,when a
person enters the room, the count value is incremented by the counter and also displayed on the web page. The PIR sensor detects
the presence of person and the associated device is switched ON. If TURN OFF button is clicked on the web page irrespective of
the presence of person, then there will be no power supply. If TURN ON button is clicked, then it retains previous value ie count
value and also associated devices get switched on depending on the presence of person.
III. ANALYSIS
Merits:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)

Utilising power, ie power management.


Power saver.
Energy conservation.
Centralised control.
Power automation.
Room details ie no of visitors.

Demerits:
1) Does not distinguish between man and Object.
2) Simultaneous entry and exit cannot be accommodated .
3) Un-interrupted internet access.
Applications
1) For visitor counting purposes
2) Automatic Class room power control
3) Power Saver in Labs, Seminar halls
Future Expansions:
1) By using camera module with digital image processing techniques we could make accurate counting without ambiguities
of object or human.
2) By modifying this circuit and using two relays we can achieve a task of opening and closing the door.
IV. CONCLUSION
The objective of the project Smart Campus Power Controller is to count the number of visitors as well as automatic power control.
Also this product finds to be very useful in Energy Conservation and automation in our daily life. Online access can be provided
by implementing IoT.
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
First of all we thank God Almighty, for His abundant blessings to do this project and complete the work successfully. I take this
opportunity to thank Dr. M.C. Philipose, Principal, SaintGits College of engineering, Pathamuttom, for providing the best facilities
and environment to prepare and present the seminar. I am grateful for his support and co-operation. I thank our H.O.D, Prof. Susan
Abe for her advice and encouragement. Valuable suggestions and guidance were provided throughout. I take this opportunity to
express my sincere gratitude to our Project Coordinator, Er. Binu K Mathew, for his helpful guidance, suggestions and
encouragement in the completion of the project. I extent my special gratitude to our Guide, Er.Ashwin P V for his whole hearted
co-operation,guidance and support. We are also greatful to Er.Ajith Ravindran and Er.Tibin Thomas for their valuable guidance
and support. Last but not the least; I extend my special thanks to other staff members & to all my beloved friends for their timely
help.

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

175

Smart Campus Power Controller


(IJSTE/ Volume 2 / Issue 11 / 029)

REFERENCES
[1]
[2]

L. Atzori, A. Iera, G. Morabito, "The internet of things: A survey", Comput. Netw., vol. 54, no.15, pp.2787-2805, 2010
Ben Wang, Feng Jie Sun, Meng Yang, Xiang Zhen Li, and Ling Kang Zeng, "Application research on TD-LTE technology in communication system of
power distribution and utilization network,"Advanced Materials Research, vol. 614-615, pp. 1666-1671, Dec. 2012.
[3] Jia-Ming Liang, Jen-Jee Chen, Hung-Hsin Cheng and Yu-Chee Tseng, "An Energy Efficient Sleep Scheduling with QoS Consideration in 3GPP LTEAdvanced Networks for Internet of Things," IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems, Volume 3, Number 1, March 2013.
[4] J. Gubbi, R. Buyya, S. Marusic and M. Palani swami, "Internet of Things (loT): A vision, architectural elements, and future directions", Future Generation
Computer Systems, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1645-1660, 2013
[5] A. Zanella, N. Bui, A. Castellani, L. Vangelista and M. Zorzi, "Internet of Things for Smart Cities", IEEE Internet Things J., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 22-32
[6] P. Palensky and D. Dietrich, "Demand side management: Demand response, intelligent energy systems, and smart loads", IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., vol. 7,
no. 3, pp. 381-388, 2011
[7] S. S. Prasad and C. Kumar, "An energy efficient and reliable internet of things", Communication, Information & Computing Technology (ICCICT), 2012
International Conference on. IEEE, pp. 1-4
[8] C. Perera, A. Zaslavsky, P. Christen and D. Georgakopoulos, "Context aware computing for the Internet of Things: A survey", IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts.,
vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 414-454, 2014
[9] Y. Liu and G. Zhou, "Key technologies and applications of internet of things", Intelligent Computation Technology and Automation (ICICTA), 2012 Fifth
International Conference on, pp. 197-200
[10] C. Wei and Y. Li, "Design of energy consumption monitoring and energy-saving management system of intelligent building based on the Internet of Things",
International Conference on Electronics, Communications and Control (ICECC 2011), pp. 3650-3652
[11] A. Suzdalenko, I. Galkin, L. M. Camarinha-Matos, S. Tomic and P. Graa, Technological Innovation for the Internet of Things, ser. IFIP Advances in
Information and Communication Technology, vol. 394, pp. 343-350, 2013, Springer
[12] M. Zorzi, A. Gluhak, S. Lange and A. Bassi, "From today's intranet of things to a future Internet of Things: A wireless-and mobility-related view", IEEE
Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 44-51, 2010

All rights reserved by www.ijste.org

176