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# QUESTION 1 [20 marks

]
An engineer working for a utility company has been assigned to forecast the population of a small community on the outskirts of a city in
order to anticipate the demand for power. Table below shows the population study of the city over a 20-year period.

Time, t (year)
Population, P (people)

0

5

10

15

20

100

200

450

950

2000

It is known that the above data can be represented by a general quadratic equation ?(?) = ?? 2 + ?? + ?, where A, B and C constants.
a)

Using the quadratic regression, solve for the constants A, B, and C and forecast the population 5 years into the future.
[14 marks]

t
0
5
10
15
20

P
100
200
450
950
2000

t^2
0
25
100
225
400

t^3
0
125
1000
3375
8000

50

3700

750

12500

5
50
750

50
750
12500

750
12500
221250

a0
a1
a2

t^4
0
625
10000
50625
160000

tP
0
1000
4500
14250
40000

t^2P
0
5000
45000
213750
800000

221250

59750

0.25 mark each, total 10.5
1063750 marks

=

3700
59750
1063750

a0 = C = 137.1429
a1 = B = -31.8571
a2 = A = 6.1429
0.5 mark each, total 1.5 mark
- t
P(t) =
6.1429 t^2
31.8571 +
137.1429 1 mark
P(25) = 3180.028 1 mark
= 3180
1 mark for rounding number (people cannot be in decimal)

Page 1 of 8

Use initial guesses of 10 and 15. apply bracketing method to estimate the number of years for the city population to increase from 100 people at the beginning of the study to 500 people.1429 t^2 t -31.625 11.857 1 mark P(tr) Condition 198.882353 10.1381 67.11111 10 11.1381 137.1429 t^2 6.9375 2.8571 + -31.25 10.25 11.1381 67.1429 t^2 500 = P(t) = 6.5 - 10 12.86297 527. Perform iteration until error of approximation.8571 + t -31.7573 -13344. ?? is less than 5.5 11.1429 137. total 5 marks Page 2 of 8 .COEB223 Semester 2 2014/2015 b) From the quadratic equation obtained in part (a).625 5.92 -7.2 56.9047 0.25 10.2 mark each.8571 t tl tu tr ea 10 15 12.857143 P(tl) 67.0% [6 marks] P(t) = 6.21131 -3773.1429 -362.

COEB223 Semester 2 2014/2015 QUESTION 2 [20 marks] A balloon rocket is a balloon filled with air.75 -8.34 0.4 0.925 25. 18.4 7.05 F 1.45 7.2 7.725 .975 B -4.275 1.8 1. A typical setup for such experiment consists of the balloon. The straw is then taped to the side of the air-filled balloon. and a chair 20 m away on the other.75 Page 3 of 8 1 8.6 1.45 C 0.225 2. The string is threaded through the straw and is attached at a doorknob on one end.4 1.925 F 25. the velocity of the balloon rocket was measured using a ballistic chronograph at different period of times.85 B 4.45 F 4. a drinking straw and adhesive tape. a string.675 F 15.43 C 0.00 a) Using the finite divided difference formulas of ?(ℎ2 ) order.8 9.2 1.675 B 15. ? (s) 0.25 F -4. with the open end of the balloon touching the chair. determine the instantaneous acceleration of the balloon rocket at each time steps.87 3.625 B -5.725 1 ea B 18.8 Velocity.2 0.12 C 0.marks.0 0.34 C -6.00 3.45 C 15.2 3. [10 marks] t v scheme a= dv/dt 0 0 F 0. In one of the experiments.025 F 10. and the results are tabulated in the following table: Time. When the balloon is released.775 B 10.625 F 11. ? (m/s) 0.35 14.55 B 8.43 9.0 1.45 7.575 F 14.35 5.6 9.4 5.325 1.6 0.35 C 1. the thrust from the opening propels it along the length of the string.275 B 15.75 B 15. and is widely used as a teaching device to demonstrate simple physics such as the Newton’s third law.8 0 B 10 .45 8.625 21.725 -1.925 F 18.45 C -5.725 B 18.6 3.175 F 5.12 9.87 C 1.

6 0.2 0.28200 4 marks total I = 5.2 1.70400 5 marks Simpson's 1/3 1.45 7.4 0.6 1.8 v(ti) 0 3.6 0.2 0.43 9.62350 5.2 1.34 0 Simpson's 3/8 4.45 7.12 9.34 0 Simpson's 1/3 3.8 1 1.45 7.35 5.45 7.12 9.87 3. having negative acceleration) until it has finally stopped.6 1.45 8.87 3.4 1.4 0.43 9.4 1. [10 marks] method 1: i 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ti 0 0.37333 4 marks Simpson's 3/8 total I = 2.8 v(ti) 0 3.98600 1 mark method 2: i 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Page 4 of 8 .99683 5 marks 1 mark ti 0 0.45 8.COEB223 Semester 2 2014/2015 b) Using suitable Simpson’s rules. determine the total distance travelled by the balloon rocket when it started to slow down (i.8 1 1.e.35 5.

0057 0 -0.422 4 T2 = 750 750 correct substitute initial value in equation for iteration 1 and 2. two heat sources with constant temperature are connected to the both ends of a straight 28 meters copper wire.m-1.0057 1.0057 -0. There are 3 points marked with equal length on the wire to study the change in temperature at different locations after 20 minutes.5 marks] [0.4841 54245.1 ? ?.0114 initial t= W.5 marks each total=5 marks 1st iter [A] 1.5 marks] 1.0 10.? or 0.028m2/s. 28 m B T= 200 K A T= 200 K C T= 200 K Heat source 1 T = 500 K Heat source 2 T = 750 K Using the Simple Implicit Method.0114 -0.88 200 613.0 T1 = 500 TA= 200 TB = 200 TC = 200 500 554.COEB223 Semester 2 2014/2015 QUESTION 3 [20 marks] To investigate the temperature effect of the very high current flowing in a single core copper wire. solve for the temperature distribution along points A.32 TB = TC Page 5 of 8 correct rearrange equations into matrix [A][X]=[B] for both iterations [B] Total=2 mark .484 1 678. 0.K-1 200 l=0 l=1 0.0114 X 2nd iter [X] [B] TA 36230.0057 (1+2*lambda) = [0. ? = 353.0057 1.9 54724. Given that the thermal conductivity of the copper wire. The initial temperature of each point is measured in Kelvin (K) and are given in the figure below.6 36584. B and C after 20 min with a step size of 10 min. k= 0.0114 0 0.283 7 613. t=20 min.028 delta_t = 10 delta_x = 7 lambda = 0.

8776 67101.5 marks d3= 66234.5 marks d3= 67101.8837 2nd iter: [L] x {D} = {B} X d2 = 613.3075 1 mark TB(20) 624.90 TA (10) 36230.5 marks ###### -72.4224 1 mark 1 0 0 -0.0612 0 0 109.0057 1 0.0612 0 0 109.0057 1 0.0057 0 0 0 0 1.0114 0 f32 1 1.60 = 200.4723 TC (10) 66234.4841 d3 54724.3076 0.2837 1 mark TB(10) 613.3015 1 mark [L] = [2 marks] 1st iter [L] x {D} = {B} d1 X d2 36230.3401 -72. [U]' = [U] = 1.00 d3 54245.0056 1 1 0 0 -0.8837 2nd iter [U] x {X} = {D} X 2nd iter Page 6 of 8 TB(20) TC (20) = 18779.0114 0 -0.8837 0.COEB223 Semester 2 2014/2015 Use the standard LU decomposition method to solve for the system of equations obtained from the Simple Implicit Method.0114 -0.6591 1 d1= 36230.4723 0.0057 0 0 1.4343 0.5 marks d2= 18779.3224 TA (20) 36584.6301 TA (20) 562.0114 0 [L]' = 0 0 -0.0114 -0.3401 -72.4841 1 mark TC (10) 678.6000 0.4343 d1 36584.4966 1 0 0 -0.4966 1 0 0 -0.0057 1.6591 1 d1= 36584.8776 0.0056 1 0 -0.6301 TA (10) 554.0114 -0.6000 [U] x {X} = {D} X TB(10) = 18190.0612 0 0 97.0612 0 0 97.3076 1 mark .7265 1 mark TC (20) 687.5 marks ###### -72.5 marks d2= 18190.0056 1 0 0 0 1.

6 -0.5 marks . [17 marks] 1 marks 1 marks 1 marks 1 marks 1 marks 0.5 0. 3 minutes on printing machine. 1 minute on printing machine. and 4 hours available on dying machine for manufacturing these t-shirts each day. and RM4 for each men. To produce a men’s t-shirt requires 2 minutes on sewing machine. women. and 0 t-shirt z. determine the amount of t-shirts of each type should MyCare make per day in order to maximize its profit? Please state or highlight your final answer. RM5. 84 t-shirt y.5 2.2 0.6 0.5 marks 0. A women’s t-shirt requires 1 minute on sewing machine. A children’s t-shirt requires 1 minutes on sewing machine and 2 minutes on each of printing and dying machines. and children t-shirts that it plans to produce. and 2 minutes on dying machine.2 0 48 1 marks s2 0 0 1 0.2 2.COEB223 Semester 2 2014/2015 QUESTION 4 [20 marks] Humanitarian Care Bhd (MyCare) is determined to raise their funds by selling t-shirts that profits RM6.5 marks Basics P x y Z s1 s2 s3 const ant P 1 0 -2 -1 3 0 0 540 s1 0 1 0.2 0.8 0 708 1 marks s1 0 1 0 0. a) Analyse and set up a linear programming formulation to optimize the profit.5 0. will achieve maximum profit of RM708 per day  s1 = s2 = 0 and s3 = 60  Page 7 of 8 1 marks - 1 marks 1 marks 1 marks 1 marks 1 marks 0.5 0 0 90 180 s2 0 0 2. There are 3 hours available on sewing machine.4 0 84 1 marks s3 0 0 0 1 -1 0 1 60  48 t-shirt x.6 -0. 5 hours available on printing machine. [3 marks] b) By using SIMPLEX method.5 -0.5 1 0 210 84 s3 0 0 0 1 -1 0 1 60 - Basics P x y z s1 s2 s3 const ant Intersection P 1 0 0 0. and 1 minute on printing machine.5 marks 1 marks Basics P x y z s1 s2 s3 const ant P 1 -6 -5 -4 0 0 0 0 s1 0 2 1 1 1 0 0 180 90 s2 0 1 3 2 0 1 0 300 300 s3 0 2 1 2 0 0 1 240 120 Intersection Intersection 0.

k thru Hooke’s Law together with mass of 1kg at initial velocity 0m/s. A force of 2.664 0.5seconds.25 0.5) 2 k=5 marks step size 0.0938 0.6565 1.5N is required to maintain it stretched to a length of 50cm.829 0.5 to calculate the total distance moved by the spring and its velocity at time 2.5313 -0.5 0 0.5 marks each 16marks 1marks Page 8 of 8 .25 0.5342 0.5 0. m.5 0 0.5625 0.2774 0.2266 0.8633 1.5 Break the equation into 2 parts: T x v= dx/dt Let v k1x dv/dt= 2t -5v 1 marks k1v xbar tbar vbar k2x k2v xi+1 vi+1 0 0 0 0 0 0.25 0 0 0 0.0625 0.0938 0.5)/(0.25 0.8633 -1. k = f/x = (2.25 -0.75 0.3672 0.5445 1.COEB223 Semester 2 2014/2015 QUESTION 5 [20 marks] A spring with a mass of 1kg has natural length.4932 0.5313 0.2774 0.5313 1 0.1875 0.5445 1.2778 0. Assume zero initial velocity and distance travelled.3165 1.75 0.5342 0.8633 0.1875 0. Solution from Hooke’s Law. the force required to stretch the spring is ? = ?? By using the value of the spring constant.25 0.2778 2 0.3672 0. the motion of spring-mass system is described in the following ordinary equation: ? ?2 ? ?? − 2? + ? =0 ?? 2 ?? Use the Midpoint method with a step size of 0.