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Name:

Form

SULIT

SUPER EDUCATION GROUP

2015 SPM SEMESTER EXAMINATION

Science
FORM 4
45 minutes

DO NOT OPEN THIS PAPER UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO

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Answer all the questions in the space provided.


You are not allowed to bring along the mobile phone.
You need the help from the examiner before going the washroom.
Any cheating and copying will NOT be awarded any marks and the
disciplinary action will be taken instead.

@ Hak cipta Super Education Group

[LIHAT Sebelah]
SULIT

Objective
1. What do you call explanations of natural phenomena that are supported by large amounts of
data from many experiments?

A. Deductive logic

C. Hypothesis

B. Theories

D. Predictions

2. Which of the following is an example of a qualitative data?


A. Age

C. Weight

B. Height

D. Blood group

3. Rubber tyres should not be burnt openly as this produces pollutants and toxic gases in the air.
Which scientific noble value or attitude is being practised?
A. Being respectful and well-mannered
B. Being confident and independent
C. Appreciating safety of oneself, others and the environment
D. Appreciating scientific contributions

4. Which of the following is a desirable attitude in science?


A. Being conservative

C. Systematic when collecting data

B. Being aggressive

D. Become a problem-maker

5. Coordination in a human body is jointly controlled by


A. the nervous system and the skeletal system
B. the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system
C. the nervous system and the endocrime system
D. the proprioceptors and the endocrine system

6. Which neurone transmits nerve impulses from the receptors to the central nervous system?
A. Relay neurones

C. Interneurones

B. Sensory neurones

D. Motor neurones

7. What is the path taken by a nerve impulse from the receptor to the brain then to the effector
called?
A. A reflex action

C. An involuntary action

B. A reflex arc

D. An unconditioned response

8. What are the stretch receptors in our body that help maintain balance and coordination?
A. Proprioceptors

C. Neurotransmitters

B. Photoreceptors

D. Chemoreceptors

9. In which part of the cell is a gene found?


A. In a small segments of the DNA molecule
B. In the cytoplasm of the cell
C. In the cell membrane of the cell
D. In the nucleus of the cell

10. Diagram 1 shows a cross-breedng of two pea plants.

What phenotype is expected to be produced when the two tall heterzygous pea plants are
crossed?
A. Four tall pea plants
B. Two tall and two dwarf pea plants
C. Three tall and one dwarf pea plants
D. Four dwarf pea plants

11. What type of cross is carried out of study the inheritance of one trait only?
A. Pure-breed cross
B. Hybrid cross

C. Monohybrid cross
D. Dihybrid cross

12. Mr and Mrs Tans first child is a boy and the second is a girl. What is the chance of their third
child being a girl?
A. Not possible

C. 50% chance

B. 25% chance

D. 75% chance

13. Which genetic defect is due to an extra copy of the 21 chromosome resulting in physical and
mental retardation?
st

A. Downs syndrome

C. Klinefelters syndrome

B. Turners syndrome

D. Huntingtons disease

14. Which of the following statements shows the harmful effect of variation to humans?
A. It enables organisms to adapt and survive in changing conditions.
B. It helps to prevent complete extinction of plant and animals species.
C. It produces bacteria resistant to antibiotics.
D. It produces plant and animals resistant to bad weather conditions, diseases and pests.

15. The importance of a code of ethics in genetic research is


A. to prevent uncontrolled use of natural resources
B. to encourage use of technology
C. to make sure that the new technology is safe for use
D. to increase the amount of research being done.

Subjective
1. Diagram 3 shows the endocrine system of a human male.

(a) (i) Name gland G.


__________________________________________________________________________
(ii) Under what condition will gland G start secreting its hormones?
__________________________________________________________________________
(b) (i) Name the hormone secreted by the pancreas that will reduce glucose concentration in the
blood.
__________________________________________________________________________

(ii) The thyroid gland produces a hormone called thyroxine. What is the function of thyroxine?
__________________________________________________________________________
(iii) What is the term used when there is too little or too much secretion from any endocrine
gland?
_______________________________________________________________________
(iv) Name the disease that is caused by high blood glucose level in the body.
________________________________________________________________________

2. Diagram 4 shows the vertical section of the human brain.

(a) Name the parts of the human brain labelled:


(i) X : __________________________________________________________________
(ii) Y: __________________________________________________________________
(b) State two functions carried out by the part of the brain labelled Y.
________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
(c) (i) What type of action is controlled by the part of the brain labelled X?
________________________________________________________________________
(ii) Give one example of this type of action.
________________________________________________________________________

3. Diagram 5 shows a cell undergoing the process of mitosis.

(a) If the parent cell has 8 chromosomes at stage P, how many chromosomes will be in each of
the cells at stage V?
________________________________________________________________________
(b) At stage T, the chromosomes are pulled to the opposite poles of the cell. What is this
process called?
________________________________________________________________________
(c) Give an example of a place where mitosis takes place
(i) in animals:
______________________________________________________________________
(ii) in plants:
______________________________________________________________________
(d) Give two reasons why the production of new cells through mitosis is important.
(i) ______________________________________________________________________
(ii) ______________________________________________________________________