Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 98

SONATRACH

FORMATION
PROFESSIONNALISANTE
ANALYSE ET MODELISATION
DES BASSINS (BAM)

IFP Training
232, Avenue Napolon Bonaparte
92852 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex - France
www.ifptraining.com

SONATRACH
SOMMAIRE

1.

Prsentation Gnrale : ................................................................................................. 3

1.1.

Objectifs de la formation ............................................................................................... 3

1.2.

Informations gnrales sur le programme de formation ................................................. 3

1.3.

Les intervenants ............................................................................................................ 4

1.4.

Profil des participants .................................................................................................... 4

1.5.

Programme gnral ....................................................................................................... 5

2.

Contenu dtaill de la formation ................................................................................... 6


Partie 1 Systemes Petroliers Et Outils Dexploration...................................................... 6
Introduction Lexploration Ptrolire 5 Jours....................................................................6
lements Et Processus Des Systemes Petroliers 5 Jours ......................................................7
Analyse Diagraphique (Interpretation Des Diagraphies Differees) 5 Jours ..........................8
Analyse Structurale Et Applications En Exploration Petroliere 5 Jours ...............................9
Systemes Petroliers Et Outils Dexploration ...........................................................................10
Interpretation Sedimentologique Des Diagraphies 5 Jours ................................................10
Workshop Interpretation Sismique 3d 5 Jours ...................................................................11
Partie 2 - Analyse Et Modelisation De Bassins ................................................................ 12
Sedimentologie Et Stratigraphie Sequentielle 5 Jours ........................................................12
Modelisation Stratigraphique Des Bassins 5 Jours ............................................................13
Modelisation Thermique Des Bassins 5 Jours ....................................................................14
Partie 3 Evaluation Des Prospects Et Des Reservoirs.................................................... 15
Evaluation Des Prospects 5 Jours.........................................................................................15
Caracterisation Des Reservoirs Petroliers 5 Jours ..............................................................16
Hunting For Oil- Simulation 5 Jours ....................................................................................17

3.

Annexe : Besoins logiciels et matriel informatique ..................................................... 18

SONATRACH

1. Prsentation Gnrale :
1.1. Objectifs de la formation

FORMATION PROFESSIONNALISANTE
ANALYSE ET MODELISATION DES BASSINS
Ce programme de formation professionnelle de 12 semaines vise apporter aux
professionnels (possdant un bagage technique adapt) les connaissances les plus rcentes
et les former aux techniques de pointe dans le domaine des gosciences ptrolires. la
fin de ce programme, les participants auront acquis les comptences ncessaires pour traiter
des cas rels et seront immdiatement oprationnels dans lindustrie.

Cette formation est nettement oriente vers les besoins de lindustrie plutt que sur la
thorie. lissue de cette formation, les participants auront acquis les comptences
ncessaires pour contribuer activement aux tudes dexploration ptrolire au sein
dquipes pluridisciplinaires.

1.2. Informations gnrales sur le programme de


formation
Ce programme sera dispens en totalit par IFP Training. Cette formation intensive sarticule
autour de 3 modules. Des preuves, sous forme de QCM ou dexercices sont organises
rgulirement pour valuer le niveau de comptences acquises par les stagiaires.
IFP Training nommera un coordinateur programme et fournira les formateurs pour toute la
dure de la formation. Tous les formateurs dIFP Training donneront leurs cours en franais.
Le calendrier gnral est le suivant :

SONATRACH

Partie 2:

Partie 1: Systme
ptrolier et outils
d'exploration

Analyse et modlisation
des bassins

( 30 jours)

(15 jours)

Partie 3:
Evaluation des
propsects et des
reservoirs
(15 jours)

La formation technique comprend 3 modules qui couvrent lensemble des disciplines lies
aux gosciences :
Systmes ptroliers et outils dexploration 6 semaines
Analyse et modlisation des bassins
3 semaines
valuation des prospects et des rservoirs 3 semaines
La formation technique dure au total 12 semaines (soit 60 jours).
Les cours sont conus pour tre trs interactifs et poursuivent des objectifs pratiques
spcifiques pour que les participants soient entirement oprationnels lissue des 12
semaines de formation. La formation est organise autour :

de cours techniques appuys par de nombreux exercices dapplication et des


tudes de cas
dateliers de travail en groupe, de travaux pratiques sur PC au moyen de
logiciels ddis reconnus et utiliss par lindustrie.

IFP Training nommera un coordinateur programme. Tous les formateurs dIFP Training
donneront leurs cours en franais.
Pour des raisons pdagogiques, ce programme est conu pour un groupe limit 20
participants maximum.

Le contenu dtaill du programme est prsent au Paragraphe ci-dessous.

1.3.

Les intervenants

Lun des points forts de cette formation est son volet oprationnel. Tous les intervenants
sont des professionnels qui ont acquis durant leur carrire une forte exprience, ainsi
quune comptence tendue dans leur domaine. Nombre dentre eux ont en outre t
confronts des problmatiques de champs dAlgrie.

1.4.

Profil des participants

Pour pouvoir sinscrire ce programme de formation professionnelle intensive en


gosciences ptrolires, les candidats doivent possder une licence (ou un diplme
quivalent) dans un domaine li aux mtiers des gosciences ainsi quune forte motivation.

SONATRACH

1.5.

Programme gnral
2015

FORMATION PROFESSIONNALISANTE
ANALYSE ET MODELISATION DES BASSINS
PARTIE

SEMAINE

LIEU

Cours / ateliers- travaux pratiques / travail en groupe


week

MODULES

10

11

12

days

2
Partie1:
Systmes ptroliers
et outils
dexploration

Introduction lexploration ptrolire


Elments et processus des systmes ptroliers
Analyse diagraphique ((Interprtation des diagraphies diffres)

5
5
5

Analyse structurale et applications en exploration ptrolire

Interprtation sdimentologique des diagraphies

Interprtation sismique 3D

Break

Partie 2:
Analyse et
modlisation des
bassin

Sdimentologie et et stratigraphie squentielle

Modlisation stratigraphique des bassins

Modlisation thermique des bassins

Break

Partie3:
valuation des
prospects et des
rservoirs

11

valuation des prospects

12

Caractrisation des rservoirs ptroliers

13

Hunting for oil et debriefing final

A L G IE R S - B O U M E R D E S

SONATRACH

2. Contenu dtaill de la formation


PARTIE 1 SYSTEMES PETROLIERS ET OUTILS DEXPLORATION
SEMAINE 1
INTRODUCTION LEXPLORATION PTROLIRE 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Cette formation s'adresse aux gologues, gophysiciens et ingnieurs gisement qui souhaitent acqurir ou approfondir leurs
connaissances dans le domaine de l'Exploration Ptrolire travers de nombreux exemples..

OBJECTIFS
La formation est oriente oprationnel afin d'offrir aux participants la possibilit d'acqurir une mthode de travail et un
savoir-faire qui leur permettra de s'intgrer dans des quipes multidisciplinaires autour d'un projet d'Exploration.
Acqurir des connaissances fondamentales, multidisciplinaires et transverses, requises en exploration ptrolire.
Manipuler, via des tudes de cas intgres, les concepts et mthodes utiliss en exploration pour lanalyse des systmes
ptroliers dans les bassins.

PROGRAMME
INTRODUCTION A LEXPLORATION PETROLIERE

Formations des bassins ptroliers


Dformations gologiques
Trilogie ptrolires
Analyse et valuation Evaluation du potentiel ptrolier dun bassin

LEMENTS ET PROCESSUS DES SYSTEMES PETROLIERS

Concept de systme ptrolier


Roche mre : formation et gnration de lhuile et du gaz
Expulsion et migration des hydrocarbures
Processus daltration des hydrocarbures

ANALYSE DIAGRAPHIQUE

Objectif et utilit des diagraphies


Mise en uvre des oprations de logging (sondage) et concepts de base
Interprtation des diagraphies : mise ne vidence et calcul des caractristiques rservoirs
Etude de cas pratique

INTERPRETATION SISMIQUE

Objectifs et utilit de la sismique


Acquisition et traitement sismique
Interprtation sismique sur tude de cas pratique
Identification de pige

EVALUATION DU POTENTIEL PTROLIER DUN BASSIN


Objectifs et utilit de la sismique
Acquisition et traitement sismique
Interprtation sismique sur tude de cas pratique
Identification de pige

SONATRACH
PARTIE 1 SYSTEMES PETROLIERS ET OUTILS DEXPLORATION
SEMAINE 2
LEMENTS ET PROCESSUS DES SYSTEMES PETROLIERS 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Permettre aux participants d'acqurir comprhension globale des lments et des processus qui contrlent un systme
ptrolier, ainsi que leur impact sur le potentiel ptrolier dun bassin et la composition des hydrocarbures.
Ce cours est articul autour de nombreux exercices et travaux pratiques permettant la mise en application des diffrents cas
rencontrs.
Un projet sur un cas rel sera galement men durant cette semaine.

OBJECTIFS
La formation est oriente oprationnel , elle vise :
Comprendre limportance et lapport de la gochimie dans ltude dun systme ptrolier
Acqurir les connaissances ncessaires la comprhension des rapports gochimiques
Permettre les changes techniques avec les spcialistes de la gochimie
Donner les lments de base pour lapproche de la modlisation thermique des bassins.

PROGRAMME
INTRODUCTION AUX SYSTMES PETROLIERS
ROCHES MERES : FORMATION ET DISTRIBUTION
Formation des roches mres
Type de matire organique
Distribution des roches mres dans le temps et dans lespace

DE LA ROCHE MERE A LACCUMULATION


Formation de lhuile et du gaz
Mthodes dvaluation des roches mres
Modlisation de la formation des hydrocarbures
Migration

FOSSILES MOLECULAIRES, BIOMARQUEURSS


Concept de biomarqueur
Mthodes analytiques
Traceurs : origine et environnements
Corrlation HC/ roche mre
Paramtres de maturit

PROCESSUS DALTERATION DES RESERVOIRS


WORKSHOP SUR UN SYSTEME PETROLIER

SONATRACH
PARTIE 1 SYSTEMES PETROLIERS ET OUTILS DEXPLORATION
SEMAINE 3
ANALYSE DIAGRAPHIQUE (INTERPRETATION DES DIAGRAPHIES DIFFEREES) 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Acqurir les notions fondamentales de l'interprtation des diagraphies diffres grce aux nombreux exercices et tudes de cas
traits durant la formation.

OBJECTIFS
La formation est oriente oprationnel , elle vise :
Dcrire la mise en uvre des oprations d'enregistrement de diagraphies et de mesures de pression
Lister les outils de mesure des paramtres physiques et leurs applications
Interprter avec une approche qualitative et semi-quantitative un jeu de diagraphies diffres (logs)

PROGRAMME
MISE EN UVRE DES OPERATIONS DE LOGGING (SONDAGE) ET CONCEPTS DE BASE

Concepts de base - Notions ptrophysiques (porosit, permabilit, rsistivit, saturation)


Relation fondamentale (facteur de formation, formule d'Archie) - Phnomne dinvasion et paramtres associs
Enregistrement de mesures : mesures en cours de forage, carottage, diagraphies diffres (log gologique et log au cble)
Exemples de logs

OUTILS DE MESURE DES PARAMETRES PHYSIQUES


Principes, limites, contrle de qualit, corrections, applications des principaux outils de logging

Mesures de gomtrie du puits


Mesures de radioactivit naturelle (GR et Spectromtrie)
Mesures de potentiel spontan
Mesures de rsistivit (Latrolog et Induction) et de micro-rsistivit
Mesures de porosit et lithologie : outils de litho-densit, outils neutron, outils acoustiques
Diagraphies acoustiques (outils sonic)

tudes de cas : enregistrements en boue eau (n1 & 2) et en boue huile (n3)

INTERPRETATION DES DIAGRAPHIES

Interprtation qualitative des rservoirs : mthode Quick-Look


Rponse des logs dans les formations gologiques courantes et les rservoirs
Dtermination du contact eau-hydrocarbure par mthode de superposition (cas boue eau ou boue huile)
Dtermination de la rsistivit d'eau Rw (SP, Ratio, Rwa), de Rt, Rxo, et du diamtre d'invasion
Dtermination de la lithologie, de la porosit, du type de fluide, de la saturation en eau et hydrocarbure
Utilisation des diagrammes (cross-plots) N-D-S, Pe-RHOB, K-Th, etc.
tudes de cas n1, 2 & 3

MESURES DE PRESSION ET APPLICATIONS


Mesures de pression et chantillonnage de fluides : mise en uvre et applications (tude de cas n3)
Interprtation des mesures de pressions : dtermination des contacts de fluides, des gradients et des densits des fluides

RMN, PENDAGEMETRIE ET IMAGERIE DE PAROI DE PUITS


Diagraphies de rsonance magntique nuclaire et applications
Outils de pendagemtrie et d'imagerie de paroi de puits et applications

SONATRACH
PARTIE 1 SYSTEMES PETROLIERS ET OUTILS DEXPLORATION
SEMAINE 4
ANALYSE STRUCTURALE ET APPLICATIONS EN EXPLORATION PETROLIERE 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Acqurir les notions fondamentales de lanalyse structurale grce aux nombreux exercices et tudes de cas traits durant la
formation.

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise :
Identifier et caractriser les diffrents objets tectoniques ; les relier la cinmatique des plaques et aux diffrents rgimes de
dformation des roches.
Se familiariser avec les diffrents styles structuraux (distension, compression, dcrochement, inversion, tectonique salifre)
et aux gomtries associes pouvant donner lieu la formation de piges.

PROGRAMME
CINEMATIQUE DES PLAQUES ET TECTONIQUE GLOBALE (LES DIFFERENTS REGIMES TECTONIQUES)
Structuration et dformation du globe terrestre
Revue des principaux rgimes de contraintes

CARACTERISTIQUES DES OBJETS TECTONIQUES (FAILLES, PLIS, ETC.)


Caractrisation des diffrents types de failles et plis, et leur impact dans les bassins
Identification sur cartes, sismique, logs
Mise en application

DOMAINES EN DISTENSION ET EN COMPRESSION (OBJECTIFS PETROLIERS)


Spcificit des dformations et distribution dans le temps et dans lespace
Impact sur la formation et dformation des bassins sdimentaires
aspect tectono-sdimentaire,
gomtrie et distribution des failles
Styles structuraux et piges associs

TECTONIQUE SALIFERE (INTERET PETROLIER)

Mcanismes de dpt et particularits


Mcanismes de dformation et tectonique synsdimentaire associe
Piges : gomtrie et mobilit
Etude de cas

AUTRES CONTEXTES TECTONIQUES (DECROCHEMENTS, INVERSION TECTONIQUE)


WORKSHOPS SUR ETUDE CAS REELS

SONATRACH
SYSTEMES PETROLIERS ET OUTILS DEXPLORATION
SEMAINE 5
INTERPRETATION SEDIMENTOLOGIQUE DES DIAGRAPHIES 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Acqurir les notions fondamentales de lanalyse sdimentologique des diagraphies grce aux nombreux exercices et tudes de
cas traits durant la formation.

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise :
Reconnaitre et identifier les squences de dpt sur des enregistrements diagraphiques
Associer une dynamique de dpt une image diagraphique et un environnement de dpt
Sapproprier la mthodologie de corrlation des rponses diagraphiques entre puits en stratigraphique squentielle
Prdire la distribution et lextension des zones rservoirs

PROGRAMME
REVUE DES MECANISMES & PROCESSUS DE DEPOTS
Processus de dpts
Energie des milieux

RAPPEL DES ENVIRONNEMENTS DE DEPOTS SEDIMENTAIRES


Distribution des facies et des formations rservoirs
Identification des squences de dpots sdimentaires

IDENTIFICATION DES SEQUENCES GEOLOGIQUES SUR DIAGRAPHIES DIFFERREES

Reconnaissance des squences gologiques et leurs images diagraphiques


Analyse des paramtres gologiques sur limage diagraphique
Analyse des squences diagraphiques le long dun puits et interprtation gologique
Corrlation entre puits : lchelle bassin

APPLICATION DES PRINCIPES DE LA STRATIGRAPHIE SEQUENTIELLE

Identification des parasquences sur images diagrpahiques et squences gologiques


Reconstitution du cadre chronostratigraphique : individualisation des squences et placement des surfaces cls (SB, MFS)
Identification des cortges sdimentaires et distribution des facies rservoirs au sein de chacun
Corrlation chelle bassin et rservoir

WORKSHOPS ET ETUDES DE CAS


Applications sur tudes de cas en milieu silicoclastique et carbonat
Objectifs : Exploration et Reservoir

SONATRACH

SYSTEMES PETROLIERS ET OUTILS DEXPLORATION


SEMAINE 6
WORKSHOP INTERPRETATION SISMIQUE 3D 5 JOURS

FINALIT
Linterprtation des donnes sismiques permet de dfinir le modle structural du sous-sol et parfois dapprocher certaines
proprits ptrophysiques des roches, en particulier au niveau des rservoirs.

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise :
Rviser les principes de la sismique rflexion
Acqurir une mthodologie en interprtation sismique 3D
Comprendre la calibration des donnes de puits avec les donnes sismiques
Interprter les donnes sismiques 3D (horizons, discordances, failles, ...)
Modliser des surfaces structurales
Raliser des cartes structurales

PRE-REQUIS
Les participants doivent connatre les bases de la propagation des ondes sismiques et de la mthode de sismique rflexion, des
bases en acquisition et en traitement sismique
De bonnes connaissances en gologie et en gologie structurale sont galement recommandes

PROGRAMME
Workshop sur un bloc de Mer du Nord avec un logiciel dInterprtation Sismique 3D.

INTRODUCTION
Prsentation des contextes gologique et gophysique
Dfinitions des prospects

CALIBRATION PUITS SISMIQUE FILM SYNTHTIQUE


Principe du film synthtique
Identification sur la sismique des horizons cls interprter

INTERPRTATION DES HORIZONS


Principe du point dhorizon: manuel, autotracking 2D, autotracking 3D
Point et interpretation des horizons slectionns
Modlisation de surfaces et realization de cartes

INTERPRTATION DES FAILLES


Principe du point de faille
Point et interprtation de quelques failles

CALCUL ET ANALYSE DES ATTRIBUTS SISMIQUES


Attributs de Volume
Attributs de Surface

PRINCIPE DE LA CONVERSION TEMPS PROFONDEUR


Principe de la conversion temps profondeur et de la modlisation des vitesses
Exemple de modle de vitesse et de conversion

SONATRACH
PARTIE 2 - ANALYSE ET MODELISATION DE BASSINS
SEMAINE 7
SEDIMENTOLOGIE ET STRATIGRAPHIE SEQUENTIELLE 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Linterprtation des donnes sismiques permet dlaborer la structure
Permettre aux participants d'acqurir les connaissances ncessaires dans le domaine de la stratigraphie squentielle et mettre
en pratique, grce des tudes de cas intgres, les concepts et les mthodes utiliss en Exploration afin de dvelopper un
savoir-faire appliqu.

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise :
Acqurir les concepts de la stratigraphie squentielle et tre capable den appliquer les mthodes dans lanalyse des facis
sdimentaires et sismiques, la reconnaissance des environnements de dpts et leurs caractristiques
tre en mesure de pouvoir comprendre et proposer la distribution et la gomtrie dun rservoir grce au savoir-faire acquis
tout au long de la formation

PROGRAMME
SDIMENTOLOGIE : ANALYSE FACIOLOGIQUE ET MODLES DE DPT

Sdimentation dtritique : modles de facis & environnements de dpts


Facis alluviaux
Facis fluviatiles
Facis deltaques
Facis marin peu profond
Facis marin profond (exemples daffleurements de terrain et tude de cas rels)
Analyses de facis sur carottes et diagraphies:
-

Caractristiques ptrophysiques
Gomtrie 3D des units de dpts et des corps rservoirs

STRATIGRAPHIE SQUENTIELLE ET SISMIQUE L'CHELLE DU BASSIN


Introduction la stratigraphie moderne (squences et cortges)
Stratigraphie squentielle lchelle du bassin
- Rponses sdimentaires aux variations du niveau marin (dtritiques et carbonates)
Stratigraphie squentielle lchelle du rservoir
- Stratigraphie gntique versus stratigraphie squentielle
- Squences gntiques appliques aux dpts continentaux et marins (ctier et profond)
Corrlation entre puits

STRATIGRAPHIE SQUENTIELLE HAUTE RSOLUTION L'CHELLE DU RSERVOIR

Identification squences gntiques


Corrlation par analyse des squences dempilement (stacking patterns)
Prdiction du qualitative de lextension des corps rservoirs Apprciation de leur qualit
Interprtation : exercices bass sur des analogues terrain et des tudes de cas de champs ptroliers

MODLISATION DE L'VOLUTION SDIMENTAIRE D'UN BASSIN


Exemple prsent sur logiciel

SONATRACH
PARTIE 2 - ANALYSE ET MODELISATION DE BASSINS
SEMAINE 8
MODELISATION STRATIGRAPHIQUE DES BASSINS 5 JOURS

FINALITE
La finalit de ce stage est lacquisition par le participant dune bonne comprhension des procds de la modlisation
stratigraphique grce un workflow (squence de travail) dtaill et via des sances de travaux pratiques.

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise :
Sapproprier la mthode danalyse en stratigraphie squentielle
Matriser les tapes de :
Construction dun modle stratigraphique avec un logiciel ddi (Dionisos) et comprendre les paramtres qui
contrlent lvolution stratigraphique
De prdiction de la distribution des facis rservoir et la gomtrie des rservoirs potentiels
Utiliser tout type de donnes gologiques et savoir les interprter afin dvaluer au mieux larchitecture stratigraphique dun
bassin sdimentaire

PROGRAMME
STRATIGRAPHY SEQUENTIELLE

Concept des systmes de dpts


Loi de Walther
Donnes de puits
Donnes sismique
Workflow danalyse

PARAMETRES STRATIGRAPHIQUES
Analyse de sensibilit des diffrents paramtres allogniques
Exercices avec logiciel ddi

ACCOMMODATION ET DEPLACEMENT DE LA LIGNE DE RIVAGE

Concept daccommodation
Etudes des paramtres qui contrlent le dplacement de la ligne de rivage
Subsidence
Variation dintensit des apports sdimentaires
Exercices avec logiciel ddi

ANALYSE ET INTEGRATION DES DONNEES DE LA SISMIQUE ET DES PUITS


Surfaces stratigraphiques
Identification des cortges de dpts (Bas / Haut niveau marins, Transgressifs)
Exercices avec logiciel ddi

BOUCLE DE MODELISATION
Liens entre la modlisation stratigraphique et la modlisation de bassin
Exercices avec logiciel ddi

SONATRACH
PARTIE 2 - ANALYSE ET MODELISATION DE BASSINS
SEMAINE 9
MODELISATION THERMIQUE DES BASSINS 5 JOURS

FINALITE
La finalit de ce stage est la modlisation de la maturation et les chemins de migration des hydrocarbures dans un bassin
comme outils daide la dcision concernant lvaluation du potentiel ptrolier dun bloc dexploration ou dun prospect.
Les logiciels ddis TEMIS-1D et TEMIS-2D sont mis la disposition des participants.
Dans le cadre de ce stage les participants sont amens exploiter diffrent set de donnes. Ils sont amens identifier les
donnes manquantes et estimer leur impact sur le niveau dincertitudes des rsultats en lien avec le processus de dcision.

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise :
Comprendre les processus de maturation et de gnration des hydrocarbures
Analyser les paramtres de modlisation dun bassin, manipuler des plus influents et se familiariser avec leurs ordres de
grandeur
Construire un modle rgional simple (modlisation 1D)
Comprendre les mcanismes de migration dans un bassin (modlisation 2D)
Evaluer le potentiel en hydrocarbures dune zone donne

PROGRAMME
MODELISATION DES BASSINS SEDIMENTAIRE AU COURS DU TEMPS
Classification de bassins sdimentaires
Subsidence au cours du temps
Compaction des sdiments et restauration

HISTORIQUE THERMIQUE
Mode de propagation de la chaleur, conduction, convection et advection
Rgime thermique transitoire
Calibration des flux de chaleur des diffrentes tapes thermiques

MATURATION DE LA ROCHE MERE ET EXPULSION DES HYDROCARBURES

Classification des Roche-Mre, valuation du % de matire organique


Cracking du Krogne et dtermination de la cintique
Cracking secondaire
Subsidence
Palo-thermomtres

MIGRATION DES HYDROCARBURES

Principes de migration
Dfinition des lithologies pour la modlisation de bassin
Force dArchimde et pression capillaires
Test de sensibilit des paramtres dans la modlisation 2D de bassin
PVT et composition chimique
Vitesse de migration des hydrocarbures

SONATRACH
PARTIE 3 EVALUATION DES PROSPECTS ET DES RESERVOIRS
SEMAINE 10
EVALUATION DES PROSPECTS 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Permettre aux participants d'acqurir les connaissances ncessaires pour la dfinition et lvaluation des prospects et mettre en
pratique, grce des tudes de cas intgres, les concepts et les mthodes utiliss en Exploration afin de dvelopper un savoirfaire appliqu.

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise :
Savoir interprter sur logiciel et station de travail une campagne sismique 3D
tre en mesure danalyser le potentiel ptrolier dune roche mre au cours de lhistoire du bassin
Pratiquer la modlisation de bassin sur logiciel pour en apprcier les paramtres cls
Travailler sur la dfinition de prospects et lanalyse des risques et incertitudes associs

PROGRAMME :
VALUATION DE PROSPECT

Prsentation et application des mthodes de travail et des procdures indispensables pour lvaluation dun prospect
Mise en exergue des points-cls du workflow
Analyse et valuation des risques et incertitudes associs
valuation des plays : potentiel du bassin, contexte rgional, pigeage, migration, et timing respectif

ANALYSE ET GNRATION DES PROSPECTS

Identification et dlination des cuisines ptrolires profondes (intgration des donnes sismiques et puits)
Historique de la structuration du bassin
Chronologie de lexpulsion et de la migration des hydrocarbures
Estimation mini-mode-max des hydrocarbures en place - OHIP
Prparation dune fiche prospect

ANALYSE DES RISQUES


Application sur tude de cas
Risques lis la gologie (roche mre, rservoir, prservation) et aux fluides (gnration, migration, timing)
Probabilit de succs - Consquences conomiques

SYNTHSE FINALE ET CONCLUSION GNRALE

SONATRACH

PARTIE 3 EVALUATION DES PROSPECTS ET DES RESERVOIRS


SEMAINE 11
CARACTERISATION DES RESERVOIRS PETROLIERS 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Pour rpondre la ncessit damliorer les changes entre les spcialistes impliqus dans les tudes intgres de rservoir, de
faon produire un modle de rservoir fiable, dans lequel tous les acteurs de ltude se retrouveront

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise
Acqurir une connaissance du contexte de leur travail par rapport au cadre global dune tude de rservoir
Matriser la mthodologie (workflow) de caractrisation et de modlisation des rservoirs ptroliers
Connatre les besoins et les rsultats (type, format) de tous les spcialistes impliqus dans les tudes

PROGRAMME :
INTRODUCTION LA CARACTRISATION DES RSERVOIRS

Introduction et travaux pratiques dintroduction


Objectifs de la caractrisation et de la modlisation des rservoirs
Mthodologie de la caractrisation et de la modlisation des rservoirs
Intgration des donnes
Donnes et incertitudes

ARCHITECTURE DES RSERVOIRS PTROLIERS


Interprtation sismique et analyse des diagraphies diffres
Intgration des informations, rsultats

ANALYSE DE FACIS ET ROCK-TYPING


Analyse des facis (ptro-facis)
Analyse des lectro-facis
Intgration avec les ptro-facis (rock-typing)

PTROPHYSIQUE / PROPRIT DES ROCHE - HTROGNITS DES RSERVOIRS


Ptrophysique : principes et paramtres rservoirs
Paramtres ptrophysiques, htrognits
Travaux pratiques de conclusion

SONATRACH

PARTIE 3 EVALUATION DES PROSPECTS ET DES RESERVOIRS


SEMAINE 12
HUNTING FOR OIL- SIMULATION 5 JOURS

FINALITE
Le succs dune compagnie ptrolire dpend de la stratgie mise en uvre, de la qualit de linterprtation des donnes
disponibles et dune collaboration fructueuse dans le travail dquipe.
Ce cours a t construit pour stimuler chez les participants lenvie dapprendre et pour capter leur attention grce un dosage
adquat de dfi, de comptition et de collaboration, un mlange ducatif qui permet de rendre lexprience de lapprentissage
agrable et formatrice, quel que soit lorigine professionnelle des protagonistes.
Ce cours de mise en situation (simulation) utilise linterface du didacticiel DALLAS, un outil interactif fond sur une plate-forme
pdagogique innovante.

OBJECTIFS
La formation vise :
Acqurir une vision globale de lamont de lindustrie ptrolire
Evaluer les caractristiques et le potentiel dun rservoir en utilisant les informations gophysiques et gologiques adquates
Comprendre comment les incertitudes inhrentes aux donnes influencent leur interprtation
Etablir un plan de dveloppement pour un gisement en trouvant le juste quilibre entre les cots associs et le taux de
production, afin de maximiser la Net Present Value du champ

PROGRAMME
INTRODUCTION
Les grandes tapes de lexploration production ptrolire
Chiffres cls et terminologie

INTRODUCTION A LA GEOLOGIE DEXPLORATION


Roches et bassins sdimentaires
Gologie structurale

GEOPHYSIQUE APPLIQUEE A LEXPLORATION


Les mthodes gophysiques ptrolires
Acquisition, traitement et interprtation sismiques

PIEGES DHYDROCARBURES - GEOLOGIE DOPERATIONS


Des hydrocarbures aux gisements Systmes ptroliers
Gologie de sonde
Diagraphies

FORAGE ET COMPLETION DES PUITS


Le forage : architecture, techniques et oprations
La compltion : liaison couche trou techniques dactivation

NOTIONS DE RESERVOIR ENGINEERING


De linterprtation ptrophysique la modlisation des rservoirs
Rcupration assiste

EVALUATION DES RESERVES - MODELISATION DES RESERVOIRS


Evaluation des accumulations et des rserves
Modlisations statique et dynamique

CONCLUSION

SONATRACH

3. Annexe : Besoins logiciels et matriel informatique


Licences
fournies par
IFP training
Weeks

Weeks
1 to 3

Weeks
4 to 6

Weeks
7 to 9

Weeks
10 to 12

Machines fournies par Sonatrach-IAP

Nombre de
jours

Nom
Logiciels

Systme
Exploitation

Processeur
Minimum

Mmoire
RAM
Minimum

Capacit
Disque Dur
Minimum

Carte
Graphique
Minimum

Week 1: Introduction to reservoir


characterization and modeling

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Week 2: Well log interpretation

Geolog7

Linux or
Windows

Intel core i5

4 Go

20 Go 7200
RPM

Nvidia

1 Go

1 Go

20 Go

Week 3: Stratigraphy/ Sedimentology

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Week 4: Petrophysics

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Week 5: Seismic interpretation &


attributes

Petrel /
Paradigm

Windows

Intel core i5

8 Go

Ati or
dedicated

1 Go

1 Go

20 Go

Week 6: Rock Typing

Easy Trace

Intel core i5

4 Go

Nvidia

1 Go

1 Go

Week 7: Geostatistics

SGEM5/
Isatis

Intel core i5

8 Go

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Week 8: Reservoir Modeling 1/2

Intel core i5

8 Go

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Intel core i5

8 Go

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Intel core i5

8 Go

250 Go 7200
RPM
20 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM
20 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Ati or
dedicated

2,5 Go

500 Mo

21 Go

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Thmes des formations

Week 9: Reservoir Modeling 2/2 *


Workshop Data Sonatrach
Week 10: Fractured Reservoir &
attributes
Week 11: Fundamentals of reservoir
engineering
Week 12: Uncertainties on reserves

Linux or
Windows
Linux ou
Windows
Linux ou
Windows
Linux ou
Windows
Linux ou
Windows

Petrel/ Easy
Trace/
SGEM5

FracaFlow

Eclipse /
Cougar

Windows

Intel core i5

8 Go

Crystal Ball

Linux ou
Windows

Intel core i5

8 Go

Place Disque Place Disque Place Disque


Logiciel
Data
Rsultats

SONATRACH

FORMATION
PROFESSIONNALISANTE
RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION
AND MODELING (RCM)

IFP Training
232, Avenue Napolon Bonaparte
92852 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex - France
www.ifptraining.com

SONATRACH
SOMMAIRE

1.

Prsentation Gnrale : ..................................................................................................................... 3

1.1.

Objectifs de la formation ...................................................................................................................... 3

1.2.

Contexte............................................................................................................................................... 3

1.3.

Les intervenants ................................................................................................................................... 4

1.4.

Informations gnrales sur le programme de formation ....................................................................... 4

1.5.

Profil des participants ........................................................................................................................... 5

1.6.

Programme gnral ............................................................................................................................. 6

2.

Contenu dtaill de la formation....................................................................................................... 7


Introduction To Reservoir Characterization & Modeling 5 Days ............................................. 7
Well Logging & Interpretation 5 Days .......................................................................................... 8
Stratigraphy And Sedimentology On Clastic Reservoir 5 Days.................................................. 9
Petrophysics 5 Days ...................................................................................................................... 10
Seismic Interpretation And Attributes 5 Days ........................................................................... 11
Facies Analysis And Rock Typing 5 Days ..................................................................................... 12
Petroleum Geostatistics 5 Days ................................................................................................... 13
Reservoir Modeling 1/2 5 Days ................................................................................................... 14
Reservoir Modeling 2/2 5 Days ................................................................................................... 15
Fundamentals Of Reservoir Engineering 5 Days ....................................................................... 16
Reservoir Evaluation Risks And Uncertainties 5 Days ........................................................... 17
Naturally Fractured Reservoirs From Analysis To Modeling 5 Days....................................... 18

3.

Annexe : Besoins logiciels et matriel informatique .................................................................... 20

SONATRACH

1. Prsentation Gnrale :
1.1. Objectifs de la formation

FORMATION PROFESSIONNALISANTE
RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION AND
MODELING
Cette formation est propose par IFPTraining, pour rpondre un besoin de la socit
Sonatrach, qui souhaite dvelopper les comptences de ses collaborateurs dans le domaine
de loptimisation de la production et du dveloppement de ses champs ptroliers en cours
dexploitation.
Ce programme de formation professionnelle dune dure de 12 semaines vise apporter aux
professionnels de lindustrie ptrolire, possdant une sensibilit dans le domaine des
gosciences, une vision complte et structure du droulement des tudes intgres de
rservoirs.
A lissue de leur formation les stagiaires :

seront arms, sur la thmatique de la gologie de rservoir, pour participer de faon


oprationnelle aux tudes intgres de rservoirs. Ils auront une ide prcise de
mtiers suivants : Gologue, Gophysicien, Ptrophysicien, Ingnieurs de rservoir
ainsi que des spcialits de chacun deux (Analyse de log, Rock-typing, Facissismiques, analyse de la fracturation naturelle).
connatront le primtre de contribution de ces mtiers dans les diffrentes
thmatiques impliques dans ltape de caractrisation dun champ. Ces
thmatiques sont les suivantes : Architecture, Sdimentologie, Stratigraphie,
Paramtres ptrophysiques, Evolution spatiale des facis, Contacts fluides, Fractures
et diagnse secondaire.
Seront capable de drouler la mthodologie de caractrisation dans un souci
permanent dintgration des donnes dynamiques et statiques.
Pourront utiliser les rsultats de ltape de caractrisation, pour produire un modle
statique fiable.

1.2. Contexte
Lobjet de la prsente proposition fait suite une session RCM articule sur le mme
planning qui sest droule Boumerds de Septembre 2013 Janvier 2014. De faon
rpondre aux axes damlioration relevs par les participants, la fin de la formation, en
prsence des responsables IAP, la prsente offre intgre :

SONATRACH

une priode de repos dune semaine aprs chaque srie continue de 3


semaines de formation.
un programme sur la sismique (week 5) centr davantage sur le volet
interprtation conventionnelle pour la thmatique de larchitecture des
rservoirs
un dcoupage de fichiers pdf, de faon en simplifier la reprographie.

1.3. Les intervenants


Lun des points forts de cette formation est son volet oprationnel. Tous les intervenants
sont des professionnels qui ont acquis durant leur carrire une forte exprience, ainsi
quune comptence tendue dans leur domaine. Nombre dentre eux ont en outre t
confronts des problmatiques de champs dAlgrie.

1.4. Informations gnrales sur le programme de


formation
Ce programme sera dispens en totalit par IFP Training. Cette formation intensive sarticule
autour de 3 modules. Des preuves, sous forme de QCM ou dexercices sont organises
rgulirement pour valuer le niveau de comptences acquises par les stagiaires.

Module 1: Reservoir
charaterization Method and tools

Module 2:

Module 3:

Reservoir Modeling

Advanced methods

( 30 jours)

(15 jours)

for RCM
(15 jours)

Les cours sont conus pour tre trs interactifs et poursuivent des objectifs pratiques
spcifiques pour que les participants soient entirement oprationnels lissue des 12
semaines de formation. La formation est organise autour :

de cours techniques appuys par de nombreux exercices dapplication et des


tudes de cas
dateliers de travail en groupe, de travaux pratiques sur PC au moyen de
logiciels ddis reconnus et utiliss par lindustrie.

IFP Training nommera un coordinateur programme. Tous les formateurs dIFP Training
donneront leurs cours en franais.
Pour des raisons pdagogiques, ce programme est conu pour un groupe limit 20
participants maximum.

SONATRACH

1.5. Profil des participants


Pour pouvoir sinscrire ce programme de formation professionnelle intensive en
gosciences ptrolires, les candidats doivent possder une licence (ou un diplme
quivalent) dans un domaine li aux mtiers des gosciences ainsi quune forte motivation.
Il est noter quune formation basique pralable (observation daffleurement, visite des
installations Sonatrach et une connaissance des fondamentaux de lacquisition et du
traitement du signal sismique, pourrait tre bnfique certain participant, avant de
dmarrer ce programme (comme cela avait t suggr lors du debriefing de la session
prcdente).

Programme
Les grandes lignes du programme seront prsentes dans les pages suivantes
La formation dure au total 12 semaines (soit 60 jours).

SONATRACH

1.6. Programme gnral

Weeks
1 to 3

Training sessions
Week 1: Introduction to reservoir characterization and modeling

Week 2: Well log interpretation

Week 3: Stratigraphy/ Sedimentology

Break 1

Weeks
4 to 6

METHOD

Weeks
7 to 9

Course /

workshop

break

Course /
7

workshop

break

workshop

Course /
4

Training
Location

10 11 12

5
Week 4: Petrophysics

Week 5: Seismic interpretation & attributes

Week 6: Rock Typing

5
5

Week 7: Geostatistics

Week 8: Reservoir Modeling 1/2

Week 9: Reservoir Modeling 2/2

* Workshop Data Sonatrach

Break 3

Weeks
10 to 12

week
days

break

Course /
METHOD AND TOOLS
MODELING

Week

Break 2

FOR RCM

MODULE 1:

RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

MODULE 2:
MODULE 3:

ADVANCED

RESERVOIR

Modules

workshop

1st semester 2015

5
5

Week 10: Fractured Reservoir & attributes

Week 11: Fundamentals of reservoir engineering

Week 12: Uncertainties on reserves

Total duration (in day)

60

Algeria

SONATRACH

2. Contenu dtaill de la formation


MODULE 1
WEEK 1
INTRODUCTION TO RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION & MODELING 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
The program is designed for any geophysicist, geologist, petrophysicist, reservoir engineer or petroleum engineer involved in
integrated reservoir studies.

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
To provide a clear understanding of techniques and challenges related to reservoir modeling (focus on reservoir properties);
To build required competencies for reservoir geologists to analyze a specific dataset and construct a reliable static model;
To emphasize reservoir modeling main goal: reduce subsurface uncertainties (to reduce risk and to optimize investments).

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures, videos, practical exercises and hands-on activities;
Detailed description, interpretation and integration of all data types (seismic, geology, petrophysics, dynamic);
Integration of dynamic data at an early stage of the characterization process (with the aim of producing a numerical model to
be used by reservoir engineers as base for reservoir simulation).

COURSE CONTENT
INTRODUCTION TO RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

1.5 day

Introduction
Initial hands-on test
Reservoir characterization & modeling objectives
Collective quiz
Reservoir characterization & modeling workflows
Data integration
Data types & related uncertainty

RESERVOIR ARCHITECTURE

1.5 day

Seismic interpretation pitfalls


Hands-on practice on case study
Well log analysis
Information integration

FACIES ANALYSIS ROCK TYPING

1 day

Facies analysis
Electro-facies analysis for rock typing

PETROPHYSICS & ROCK PROPERTIES RESERVOIR HETEROGENEITIES

Petrophysics: Principles & reservoir parameters


Petrophysical parameters, Heterogeneity
Final hands-on test
Week wrap up

1 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 1
WEEK 2
WELL LOGGING & INTERPRETATION 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
Geoscientists involved in log acquisition or log interpretation but also non specialists seeking general information on the subject

LEARNING OBJECTIVE

Acquire the concepts of log interpretation (Archie formula, Invasion )


Describe the mud logging, coring and wireline logging techniques, mud logs and wireline logs.
Know the principles and applications of main wireline logging tools
Perform a quick-look interpretation to identify and characterize reservoirs (fluid contacts, lithology, porosity, saturation)
Describe the pressure measurements and sampling techniques. Interpret pressure measurements
Know the principles and applications of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Borehole Imaging techniques

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures, videos, practical exercises and hands-on activities;

COURSE CONTENT
BASIC INTERPRETATION CONCEPTS

1 day

Definition of main reservoir petrophysical and fluid properties (lithology, porosity, resistivity, saturation)
Environment of measurement (borehole, invasion profile)
Fundamental equation ( Archie formula) for log interpretation in clean formations

REVIEW OF LOG MEASUREMENTS AND APPLICATIONS

1.5 days

Mud logging and coring techniques; mud logs and use in log interpretation
Wireline logging operations and wireline logs
The log: header, calibrations, parameters, repeat section, main log
Wireline logging tools : principle and applications, limitation, calibration, log correction and quality control
Caliper, Gamma Ray and GR spectrometry, Spontaneous Potential
Resistivity (Induction, Laterolog) and Microresistivity measurements
Porosity & lithology measurements: nuclear (Litho-Density, Neutron) and acoustic logging (Sonic, Diple sonic)
Case study n1 ( Water based mud, most common geological formations)
Case study n2 ( Water based mud, Clastics )

LOG INTERPRETATION

2 days

Qualitative and semi-quantitative log interpretation:


Log responses in most common geological formations
Identification of reservoirs and fluid contacts (Overlay technique : Water and oil based mud cases )
Hydrocarbon effect on density & neutron logs .
Determination of water resistivity Rw (SP, Ratio, Rwa) and formation resistivity (Rt, Rxo)
Determination of lithology, porosity, water and hydrocarbon saturations
Shale effects on logs : Introduction to shaly and complex lithology formations
Cross-plot techniques with density, neutron, sonic and other logs (Pe, K, Th, etc.)
Case studies n1 & 2 , Case study n 3 ( Oil based mud, Clastics)

PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS, NMR, DIPMETER AND BOREHOLE IMAGING TECHNIQUES

Pressure measurements and fluid sampling : operation and applications


Determination of fluid contacts, fluid gradients and fluid densities
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: principle and applications
Dipmeter and Borehole imaging tools: principle and applications
Case study n 3 ( Oil based mud, Clastics), Case study n 4 ( Oil based mud, Carbonates)

0.5 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 1
WEEK 3
STRATIGRAPHY AND SEDIMENTOLOGY ON CLASTIC RESERVOIR 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
Exploration and production geologists and geophysicists in charge of clastic reservoir characterization and development.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

Understanding the geometry and hydrocarbon potential in clastic reservoirs


Clastic sedimentology definition in basin analysis and play assessment
Lithology, facies analysis and log response in clastic reservoirs. High resolution sequence stratigraphy at reservoir scale
Mineralogy & Texture of clastic reservoirs.

COURSE INFORMATION
The course has been developed to provide an understanding of the geometry and hydrocarbon potential of clastic depositional
systems and facies, and how they are affected by such important features as basin configuration, tectonic and eustacy. Each of
the major clastic environments is covered in terms of lithology, facies, log response and reservoir quality and the depositional
models related to seismic sequences. Important basin scale diagenetic changes are examined to illustrate the effect on reservoir
quality. The course includes extensive practical exercises and workshop on real case study.

COURSE CONTENT
BASIN ANALYSIS

Tectonic, eustatic and stratigraphic controls on facies stacking pattern


Sedimentological correlation Layering Seismic sequence stratigraphy interpretation
Burial history: structural and thermal evolution
Exercises on case study

CLASTIC FACIES ANALYSIS & DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENTS

0.5 day

Mineralogy and texture studies: methodology on exercises


Diagenetic analysis: destruction/enhancement of porosity, impact on permeability, cement types

FUNDAMENTAL ON SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY

1 day

Sedimentological & stratigraphical analysis from wireline log


Core/log correlation and comparison of petrophysical calculation
Determination of reservoir properties from log interpretation
Exercises on case study

CLASTIC PETROGRAPHY AND DIAGENESIS

1.25 day

Recognition & analysis of depositional environment from continental to deep marine systems
Geometry of clastic reservoir in each depositional environment
Core description, facies analysis and mapping
Exercises on case study

LOG RESPONSE IN CLATIC SEQUENCES

1.25 day

Depositional sequences and system tracts


Methodology of interpretation
Genetic sequences
Principle on correlation by analysis of stacking patterns

1 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 1
WEEK 4
PETROPHYSICS 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
Geophysicists, Geologists and Reservoir engineers involved in integrated reservoir studies.

LEARNING OBJECTIVE

To give the participants information on how rock properties, elements which are essential for the reservoir description
and the flow dynamics are obtained from core analysis.
For all the measurements, a description of laboratory equipment, data acquisition and data interpretation processes
will be presented. The notions of error, uncertainty and interval of confidence will be introduced. At the end of the
course, participants will have a good understanding of rock properties used in the reservoir simulation model.

COURSE INFORMATION
The course has been developed to provide an understanding of the rock petrophysical parameters and laboratory methods
analyses

COURSE CONTENT
INTRODUCTION CORING

0.5 day

Definitions
Reservoir characterization: seismic, core analysis, cuttings, role of core analysis
method for coring - Core preservation, cleaning and analysis - Conventional and special core analysis (CCA and SCAL)

CONVENTIONAL CORE ANALYSIS

1.5 day

Porosity: definition and measurements , (effective and total porosity)


Pore size distribution by NMR and Mercury Injection
Permeability: definition, measurements, liquid and gas permeability, Klinkenberg corrections
Porosity/permeability correlations
Capillary pressures measurements: porous plates, centrifuge: interpretation, existence of local saturation
Formation factor and Resistivity index RI
From lab to reservoir: use of Pc to determine reservoir initial saturation and transition zones

SCAL PROPERTIES MEASUREMENTS

1 day

Measurement of wettability: Amott index, USBM


Exercises: permeability composition
Exercises

GENERALITIES ON TWO-PHASE FLOW PROPERTIES

1 day

Darcy's law for two phase flows core analysis


Relative permeabilities - Capillarity, Capillary pressure - Wettability
Effect of petrophysical properties on fluid displacements, importance of wettability on Pc, Kr , RI
Relative permeabilities: steady-state, unsteady-state, interpretations, synthesis
Exercises

PETROPHYSICAL ROCK TYPING

0.5 day

Synthesis of petrophysical data


Leverett functions, exercises

WORKSHOP WITH CYDAREX


Workshop with CYDAREX software to interpret two phase flows
Validity of Kr measurements, interpretation with capillary pressure

0.5 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 1
WEEK 5
SEISMIC INTERPRETATION AND ATTRIBUTES 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
The proposed program is designed for geophysicists having background in seismic interpretation or processing as well as to
reservoir geologists and petrophysicists having some basic knowledge in geophysics.

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Seismic Reservoir Characterization is now one of the key of successful integrated studies, as seismic data is now able to provide
relevant information on reservoir properties between wells.
The proposed course reviews all practical aspects of rock physics and seismic reservoir characterization, with a particular focus
on:

3D Seismic-interpretation
Petrophysics applied to seismic
Rock-physics concepts
Seismic attributes and their relationships to rock properties with special reference to derived elastic properties from seismic
velocities
Petrophysical analysis of complex rocks: Unconsolidated and consolidated clastics, carbonates with vugs and fractures,
shales and heavy oil formations
Fluids and fluid substitution: Methods and input parameters
Fluid relationships to rock types
Principles of AVO and seismic inversions

COURSE INFORMATION
Seismic petrophysical analysis involves the study and application of well log data and rock physics theory to the interpretation of
seismic data. One will gain an understanding the application of rock physics and its integration with well log data in a
petrophysical evaluation and then use the results to model and interpret seismic data.
The course covers the basics of rock-physics, seismic inversion, attribute analysis and reservoir characterization. It combines
technical presentations and hands-on exercises, as well as the presentation of real case studies. At the end of the session,
attendees will:

Understand and manage the basics and concepts of Rock Physics for Seismic Reservoir Characterization
Be able to control and validate results of AVO & Inversion and Sub-sequent Seismic Reservoir Characterization
Be able to make decision on Seismic Reservoir Characterization Workflow to be recommended

COURSE CONTENT
INTRODUCTION AND WORKFLOW

Conventional 3D seismic interpretation


Introduction to Rock Physics for Seismic Interpretation and Characterization
Exercises on real data

ROCKS PHYSICS AND SEISMIC INTERPRETATION

2day

2 day

Seismic Inversion and Characterization: objective and workflows


Wavelet estimation: extracting the link between amplitudes and elastic properties
Principles of AVO and seismic inversions
Seismic attributes analysis for predicting rock properties

ROCKS PHYSICS AND AVO

1 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 1
WEEK 6
FACIES ANALYSIS AND ROCK TYPING 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
Geophysicists, Geologists and Reservoir engineers involved in integrated reservoir studies.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Knows how to identify electrofacies from logs
Knows log signatures and facies association
Knows how to define rock-types with petrophysical data (logs and laboratory data)
Knows how to define Petrofacies from various relationships like Reservoir Quality Index, Winland R35 for net pay
determination and other poro-perm transforms
Sequence and Facies association (like coarsening/ fining upward)
Knows rock typing using artificial neural network (including Self Organized Maps), fuzzy logic and multiple regression for
facies mapping

COURSE INFORMATION
This integrated approach to facies analysis and rock-typing combines logs, interpreted logs from quantitative evaluation, core
description, and laboratory petrophysical data (routine core analysis and special core analysis). Interpretation techniques
allowing a consistent integration of these different sources of data will be developed based on probabilistic and neural network
pattern recognition, as well as on linear and non- linear multiple regression. The course will then focus on the integration of the
rock-types in seismic attribute analysis for predicting reservoir properties to be integrated later on while infilling the geological
model. All course content will be developed on real case studies, and hands-on are planned on all major topics.

COURSE CONTENT
OVERVIEW OF ELECTROFACIES ANALYSIS AND ROCK-TYPING

1 day

Non supervised approach and supervised approach for electrofacies analysis


Preliminary quality control of logs with hands-on
Integration of core description
From electrofacies to rock-types with hands-on

NON SUPERVISED ELECTRO-FACIES ANALYSIS

1 day

Probabilistic and neural network approaches


Hands-on non supervised electrofacies analysis
Key points in non-supervised analysis

ELECTRO-FACIES ANALYSIS (CONTINUATION)

Hands-on supervised analysis with probabilistic approach


Key points and pitfalls in supervised analysis
Work-flows for electrofacies analysis
Hands-on integration of electrofacies in sequence stratigraphy analysis

ROCK-TYPE DETERMINATION

1 day

1 day

Porosity and permeability modelling (hands-on)


Rock quality index (RQI, FZI, etc.)
Rock-typing with petrophysical data and capillary pressure curves: hands-on
Work-flow for tying rock-types to electrofacies

ROCK-TYPE AND SEISMIC ATTRIBUTE ANALYSIS


Mapping reservoir properties with s seismic attributes and facies/rock-types
Hands-on mapping facies proportions from seismic
Hands-on predicting dominant lithofacies from seismic attributes

1 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 2
WEEK 7
PETROLEUM GEOSTATISTICS 5 DAYS
The main objective of the course is to acquire a comprehensive technical knowledge and to get familiar with geostatistical
methods used on reservoir characterization and modeling studies.

AUDIENCE
Geoscientists involved in data interpretation and management
Recommended for geologists, geophysics and reservoir engineers working on integrated reservoir studies

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

To provide a basic and practical approach to the industrial methodology of reservoir characterization and modeling, in
particular with geostatistical tools and methods.
To use basic geostatistical tools and methods(variogram, kriging, cokriging, external drift)
To use vertical proportion curves (e.g. layering, well gridding, statistics, vertical proportion curves building)
To choose ways for properties simulations using geostatistical algorithms: facies (pixel and object methods); petrophysics
(gaussian methods)
To constrain geostatistical distribution using additional information (e.g. geology, seismic and dynamic data)
To use industrial softwares dedicated for geostatistics

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures, hands-on activities
Practical examples and laboratory exercises will be performed using dedicated software as IsatisTM

COURSE CONTENT
FUNDAMENTALS

Basic statistics for data analysis


Introduction to geostatistics and quantification of spatial variability: variogram

KRIGING AND VARIATIONS

0.5 day

Confidence intervals - Iterative methods


Beyond the Monte-Carlo approach - Simulation optimization
Risk assessment optimization
Applications

FINAL DISCUSSION BASED ON A MODELING EXAMPLE

0.5 day

Geostatistics as an integration tool


Heterogeneities, scales, upscaling
Integration of seismic-derived data in 3D static models

RISK MANAGEMENT - QUANTIFICATION OF UNCERTAINTY

1.5 days

Why simulations: limitations of kriging


Simulation methods for continuous parameters (as Phi and K)
Simulation methods for categorical variables (lithology)
Applications

GEOSTATISTICS FOR INTEGRATED RESERVOIR STUDIES

1 day

Introduction to kriging
Data integration: cokriging, collocated cokriging, external drift kriging
Applications to time-to-depth conversion and property mapping
Dealing with non-stationary cases (trends)

GEOSTATISTICAL SIMULATIONS

1 day

Wrap-up session

0.5 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 2
WEEK 8
RESERVOIR MODELING 1/2 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
Geophysicists, Geologists and Reservoir engineers involved in integrated reservoir studies.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Upon completion of the course, participants will:

Understand the objectives of integrated reservoir studies ;


Be able to identify each stage of geological model construction ;
Be able to use dedicated software tools for rock typing (EasyTraceTM) and geomodeling (PetrelTM) ;
Understand geostatistical methods used for static model construction ;
Be able to cross-check modeling results ;
Know principles applied to quantify in-place hydrocarbons in reservoirs.

COURSE INFORMATION

Hands-on with dedicated softwares for rock typing (EasyTraceTM) and geomodeling (PetrelTM)

COURSE CONTENT
BASIC PRINCIPLES - RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION WORKFLOW

Introduction and objectives


Case study: field presentation

PROJECT ORGANIZATION

1.5 days

Scaling up logs - Comparison with rock types


Geostatistical tools
Facies modeling Rock typing (EasyTraceTM)
Petrophysical modeling
Mapping result for QC: gross thickness, N-t-G, reservoir properties

VOLUME CALCULATION AND UNCERTAINTIES

1.5 days

Structural context
Well correlation and stratigraphic data analysis
Constraining static model with dynamic data
Generating surfaces
Picking horizons and faults on seismic
Reservoir layering
Structural modeling
Mapping reservoir structures
Modeling results QC

ROCK TYPING AND PROPERTY MODELING

0.5 day

Project definition
Data QC and summary table
Data management
Well data loading
Manipulating scripts and ExcelTM macros

STRUCTURAL MODELING

0.5 day

Volumetrics: quantification of accumulation for selected parameters


Sensitivity study on parameters
Key parameters determination for risk assessment

1 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 2
WEEK 9
RESERVOIR MODELING 2/2 5 DAYS
Coaching on Algerian Field case study

AUDIENCE
Geophysicists, Geologists and Reservoir engineers involved in integrated reservoir studies.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Upon completion of the course, participants will:

To apply reservoir characterization and modeling workflow on a concrete case (Algerian field)
To use knowledge and techniques developed during previous weeks.

COURSE INFORMATION

This training session is animated by a reservoir geologist specialized on reservoir modeling


Case study an Algerian field
Hands-on with dedicated software for rock typing (EasyTraceTM) and geomodeling (PetrelTM)

COURSE CONTENT
DATABASE

Available data checking


Well data
Horizon grid
Fault
Data quality control

STUCTURAL MODELING

1 day

Sedimentological model
Facies Modeling(VPC, variogram, stationarity, kriging, SIS, Boolean)

PETROPHYSICAL MODELING / OHIP

2 days

Stratigraphy / Structural cross-sections


Well to well correlation
Structural maps
Isochore
Fault modeling
Structural modeling

FACIES MODELING

1 day

Petrophysical Modeling (Porosity, GRFS, Permeability, Saturation, NTG)


Volumetric & Upscaling
Utilities
Workflows & Uncertainties

1 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 2
WEEK 10
FUNDAMENTALS OF RESERVOIR ENGINEERING 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
Geophysicists, Geologists and Reservoir engineers involved in integrated reservoir studies.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
Upon completion of the course, participants will:

Understand the objectives of reservoir engineering studies ;


Understand the natural drive mechanism involved in fluid displacements within a reservoir,
Understand how to improve the recovery by injecting water or non-miscible gas,
Understand the principles of dynamic reservoir simulation.

COURSE INFORMATION

Lectures, videos, practical exercises and hands-on activities;

COURSE CONTENT
INTRODUCTION TO RESERVOIR ENGINEERING

Different phases of an oil field development


Reservoir Engineering Workflow

RESERVOIR FLUIDS - PVT FUNDAMENTALS

0.5 day

Relative permeabilities and reservoir production


Non miscible diphasic flow: fluid mobility and mobility)
Theory of frontal displacement

INTRODUCTION TO DYNAMIC RESERVOIR SIMULATION (with use of dedicated software)

1.5 days

Primary Recovery:
o undersaturated oil, gas gap drive,
o oil reservoir with natural water influx, gas field
Secondary Recovery:
o Water or immiscible gas injection
o Water flooding: sources of injected water, well injectivity, water flood pattern/performance
o Gas injection: flood mechanism and well injectivity
Displacement or microscopic efficiency, area/vertical/global sweep efficiency

MULTIPHASE FLOW

0.75 day

Reservoir fluid properties (gas, oil,gas condensate formation water): Bo, Rs, Pb
Fluid characterization and data entering into simulator

DRIVE MECHANISM

0.25 day

Introduction to Dynamic Reservoir Simulation


Data Review
History Matching , Production forecasts

2 days

SONATRACH
MODULE 3
WEEK 11
RESERVOIR EVALUATION RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
Geologists, geophysicists, reservoir engineers, asset managers, economists, government representatives interested or involved
in reserves estimation and reporting

LEARNING OBJECTIVE

To review principles of reservoir characterization and definitions of hydrocarbons reserves


To grasp fundamentals of reserves evaluation
To learn the various methods for evaluating oil and gas reserves
To learn the probabilistic methods of uncertainty and risk assessment
To grasp issues related to static and dynamic uncertainty, geostochastic modeling, expected values

COURSE INFORMATION

To provide a comprehensive and practical understanding of all methods and issues involved in the evaluation of
hydrocarbons reserves
Hands-on using Microsoft Excel software

COURSE CONTENT
BASICS OF RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

Introduction to Field Development Projects


Reminder on rock and fluid properties
Geomodeling
Volumetric Evaluation of OIIP and GIIP. Exercises
Summary of recovery factors versus drive mechanisms

RESERVES DEFINITIONS

1.75 days

Introduction to Risks and Uncertainties


Notions of probability and decision trees (exercises)
Statistical description of data (exercises)
Common distributions
Probabilistic methods: Monte-Carlo and Parametric (exercises)
Notions of geostatistics and stochastic modeling (exercises)
Structural, geological and dynamic uncertainties (exercises)

ADDITIONAL RESERVES AND ECONOMICS

1 day

Volumetrics
Performance analysis (material balance, decline curves)
Simulation models
Exercises

RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

0.5 day

Oil & gas reserve/resource definitions


SPE definitions and principles
SEC definitions and guidelines
Other definitions

RESERVES ESTIMATIONS AND PRODUCTION PROFILES

1 day

EOR and Unconventional reserves


Fundamental of economics, contracts. Exercises

0.75 day

SONATRACH
MODULE 3
WEEK 12
NATURALLY FRACTURED RESERVOIRS FROM ANALYSIS TO MODELING 5 DAYS

AUDIENCE
Reservoir engineers and geoscientists involved in development or management of naturally fractured reservoirs

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To characterize a fractured network on a field from various data (cores, logs, seismic, drilling, well-tests)
To define different types of fractures
To make a synthesis of fracture analyze, and a develop a conceptual model
To build a discrete fracture model (DFN) integrating both small-scale and large-scale fracture components (joints, faultrelated fractures and fracture swarms)
To understand calibration of a 3D fracture model through flowmeter and transient well test simulations
To be able to choose between single porosity and dual porosity formulation, to simulate a full field model

COURSE INFORMATION

Lectures, videos, practical exercises and hands-on


This course presents practical methods to characterize natural fractured field integrated static and dynamic data and to
build fracture models. These methods have been developed over the past twenty years for more than one hundred
fractured reservoirs studies. They have been performed by the IFP group for different reservoir types and companies
around the world

COURSE CONTENT
FRACTURED RESERVOIRS: IDENTIFICATION AND SPECIFICITY

Workflow for characterization using static and dynamic data


Definition and scales of natural fractures
Parameters to describe a fracture network
Static characterization at borehole scale (logs, cores, borehole imaging)

FRACTURED RESERVOIRS STATIC CHARACTERIZATION

1.5 day

1.5 day

Fracture analysis from borehole scale data (logs, cores, borehole imaging)
Fracture analysis from interwell scale data (outcrop, geomechanical model, seismic data)
Fault and subseismic fault networks
Data synthesis on a summary document - Conceptual models

FRACTURE MODELING

0.5 day

Discrete fracture model building (DFN - 3D Model) integrating large-scale fractures (fault-related fractures and fracture
swarms) and small-scale fractures (joints)
Principles to determine fracture length and hydraulic conductivity (Dynamic calibration) from dynamic data (flowmeters and
well test simulation

SONATRACH
FRACTURED RESERVOIR DYNAMIC CHARACTERIZATION AND SIMULATION

1 day

Introduction
Fractured reservoirs type
Influence of fractures on field behavior
Fracture characterization using dynamic data
Fracture network hydraulic characterization - DFN model calibration
Flow mechanism in a fractured reservoir, Recovery and simulation

FUNDAMENTALS ON FRACTURED RESERVOIR DYNAMIC SIMULATION


Specificities of large scale and small scale for fracture modeling
Which model should we use?

0.5 day

SONATRACH

3. Annexe : Besoins logiciels et matriel informatique


Licences
fournies par
IFP training
Weeks

Weeks
1 to 3

Weeks
4 to 6

Weeks
7 to 9

Weeks
10 to 12

Machines fournies par Sonatrach-IAP

Nombre de
jours

Nom
Logiciels

Systme
Exploitation

Processeur
Minimum

Mmoire
RAM
Minimum

Capacit
Disque Dur
Minimum

Carte
Graphique
Minimum

Week 1: Introduction to reservoir


characterization and modeling

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Week 2: Well log interpretation

Geolog7

Linux or
Windows

Intel core i5

4 Go

20 Go 7200
RPM

Nvidia

1 Go

1 Go

20 Go

Week 3: Stratigraphy/ Sedimentology

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Week 4: Petrophysics

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

Week 5: Seismic interpretation &


attributes

Petrel /
Paradigm

Windows

Intel core i5

8 Go

Ati or
dedicated

1 Go

1 Go

20 Go

Week 6: Rock Typing

Easy Trace

Intel core i5

4 Go

Nvidia

1 Go

1 Go

Week 7: Geostatistics

SGEM5/
Isatis

Intel core i5

8 Go

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Week 8: Reservoir Modeling 1/2

Intel core i5

8 Go

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Intel core i5

8 Go

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Intel core i5

8 Go

250 Go 7200
RPM
20 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM
20 Go 7200
RPM
50 Go 7200
RPM

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Ati or
dedicated

2,5 Go

500 Mo

21 Go

Nvidia

4 Go

5 Go

20 Go

Thmes des formations

Week 9: Reservoir Modeling 2/2 *


Workshop Data Sonatrach
Week 10: Fractured Reservoir &
attributes
Week 11: Fundamentals of reservoir
engineering
Week 12: Uncertainties on reserves

Linux or
Windows
Linux ou
Windows
Linux ou
Windows
Linux ou
Windows
Linux ou
Windows

Petrel/ Easy
Trace/
SGEM5

FracaFlow

Eclipse /
Cougar

Windows

Intel core i5

8 Go

Crystal Ball

Linux ou
Windows

Intel core i5

8 Go

Place Disque Place Disque Place Disque


Logiciel
Data
Rsultats

SONATRACH

FORMATION
PROFESSIONNALISANTE
GOSCIENCES
EN DOMAINES CARBONATES

IFP Training
232, Avenue Napolon Bonaparte
92852 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex - France
www.ifptraining.com

FORMATION
PROFESSIONNALISANTE
GOSCIENCES
EN DOMAINES CARBONATES
SOMMAIRE

Table des matires

1.

Prsentation gnrale de la formation ...................................................................... 3

1.1.

Objectif de la formation ........................................................................................................................ 3

1.2.

Planning de la formation....................................................................................................................... 5

2.

Contenu dtaill de la formation ................................................................................ 6


Basin Development And Structural Geology 5 Days ................................................................................. 6
Sedimentology/Stratigraphy Of Carbonates 5 Days................................................................................. 7
Sedimentology And Sequence Stratigraphy (Case Studies & Workshop) 5 Days ................................. 8
Seismic Stratigraphy & Seismic Attributes Workshop 5 Days.................................................................. 9
Well Logging And Formation Evaluation 5 Days ..................................................................................... 10
Fundamentals In Reservoir Characterization 5 Days............................................................................... 11
Naturally Fractured Reservoirs - From Analysis And Modeling 5 Days ................................................ 12
Drilling Fundamentals With Focus On Reservoir Carbonates 5 Days ................................................... 13
Completion And Production Techniques With Focus On Carbonate Reservoirs 5 Days.................... 14
Carbonate Field Trip (East Of France) 5 Days ............................................................................................ 15
Projects & Presentation ................................................................................................................................... 16

SONATRACH

1. Prsentation gnrale de la formation


1.1. Objectif de la formation

GOSCIENCES
EN DOMAINES CARBONATES
Ce programme de formation professionnelle de 11 semaines vise apporter aux professionnels
(possdant un bagage technique adapt) les connaissances les plus rcentes et les former aux
techniques de pointe dans le domaine des gosciences ptrolires. la fin de ce programme, les
participants auront acquis les comptences ncessaires pour traiter des cas rels et seront
immdiatement oprationnels dans lindustrie.

Cette formation est nettement oriente vers les besoins de lindustrie plutt que sur la thorie.
lissue de cette formation, les participants auront acquis les comptences ncessaires pour
contribuer activement aux tudes dexploration ptrolire au sein dquipes pluridisciplinaires.

Informations gnrales sur le programme de formation


Ce programme sera dispens en totalit par IFP Training. Cette formation intensive sarticule
autour de 3 parties. Des preuves sont organises rgulirement pour valuer le niveau de
comptences acquises.
Une semaine de projet sera dispense sur des donnes relles et fera lobjet dune prsentation
par les participants devant un collge de personne IFP Training et de la compagnie Sonatrach

Les cours sont conus pour tre trs interactifs et poursuivent des objectifs pratiques spcifiques
pour que les participants soient entirement oprationnels lissue des 11 semaines de
formation. La formation est organise autour :
-

de cours durant lesquels de nombreux exercices dapplication et tudes de cas sont raliss,

de cours techniques dispenss par des experts de lindustrie,

dateliers de travail en groupe sur des tudes de cas, de travaux pratiques sur PC sur des
logiciels industriels.

IFP Training nommera un coordinateur programme. Tous les formateurs dIFP Training donneront
leurs cours en franais.

SONATRACH

Pour des raisons pdagogiques, ce programme est conu pour un groupe limit 20 participants
maximum.

Profil des participants


Pour pouvoir sinscrire ce programme de formation professionnelle intensive en gosciences
ptrolires, les candidats doivent possder une licence (ou un diplme quivalent) dans un
domaine li aux mtiers des gosciences, une forte motivation.

Les grandes lignes du programme seront prsentes dans les pages suivantes

La formation dure au total 11 semaines (soit 55 jours).

SONATRACH

1.2. Planning de la formation


2015

FORMATION PROFESSIONNALISANTE GOSCIENCES


EN DOMAINES CARBONATES

Courses / workshops / field trips

Location

week

Part 1

Module

Modules'details

10

11

days

Basin development and structural geology

Sedimentology/Stratigraphy of carbonates

Sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy - case study and workshop

Seismic stratigraphy & seismic attributes workshop

Well logging and formation evaluation

Fundamentals in reservoir characterization

Naturally fractured reservoirs - From analysis and modeling

Drilling fundamentals with focus on reservoir carbonates

Completion and production techniques with focus on carbonate reservoirs

10

Carbonate Field Trip (East of France) - Static model construction: Field Constraints and
Integration with subsurface data

11

week team project

SONATRACH ALGIERS - BOUMERDES

Part

Part 2

Part 3

Workshop / project

Course & hands on

Field trip /site visite

SONATRACH

2. Contenu dtaill de la formation


PART 1
WEEK 1
BASIN DEVELOPMENT AND STRUCTURAL GEOLOGY 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
This course aims to familiarize the participants with the global structure of the earth and with the analysis of brittle and ductile
deformations in sedimentary basins at different scales and in different stress regimes:
at the lithosphere scale: plate tectonics and basin formation (rifts, passive margins, active margins and thrust belts)
at the basin scale: subsidence and inversion, structural traps such as tilted blocks and horsts, shale and salt domes, folds
at the field and reservoir scales: behavior of faults (seal or drain), fracturing, cap rock integrity,..
Upon completion of this course unit, participants will:

become familiar with different types of basins


recognize structural traps likely to be encountered in oil and gas exploration

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures illustrated by practical exercises, teamwork exercises, with personal work: literature survey, homework
Interactive presentations, exercises and document analysis
COURSE CONTENT
Structure Of The Earth
Plate Tectonics And Time Scales.
Structure Of Continental And Oceanic Lithosphere
Thermicity,
Rheology
Stress And Strain.
Paper Review Exercise
Fundamentals of Structural Analysis.
Rift Basins
Geodynamics And Architecture Of Related Basins.
Passive Continental Margins
Geodynamics And Architecture Of Related Basins.
Active Continental Margins
Geodynamics And Architecture Of Related Basins.
Collision And Thrust Belts
Geodynamics And Architecture Of Related Basins.
Intra-Plate Basins And Tectonic Inversion.
Applications To Algerian Geology
Geodynamic Context Of Algeria
Main Regional Elements Of Algerian Geology, Main Sedimentary Basins In Algeria

SONATRACH
PART 1

WEEK 2
SEDIMENTOLOGY/STRATIGRAPHY OF CARBONATES 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion of this course unit, participants should be able to:
Integrate various aspects of both clastic and carbonate rocks (depositional environment, facies, mineralogy, high-resolution
stratigraphy and petrophysical characteristics) for reservoir characterization.

Apply knowledge of petrophysical tools to evaluate both clastic and carbonate reservoirs.
Recognize specific well log responses and utilize data from formation evaluation tools to determine reservoir quality (porosity,
permeability and lithology).
Evaluate impact of diagenesis on pore architecture and its effect on permeability and reservoir quality.
Identify the parameters that control reservoir heterogeneity, from sub-reservoir to reservoir scale
Value the use of 3-D geostatistical models to better understand reservoir heterogeneity distribution

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures and practical exercises, workshop on a real integrated case study: illustration of a complete workflow.
Team work combined with individual work.
COURSE CONTENT
Carbonate sedimentation and high-resolution sequence stratigraphy:
Introduction to carbonates
Description of carbonate systems
Carbonate facies analysis
Sequence stratigraphy
Diagenesis
Seismic expression of carbonates
Matrix reservoir properties - rock-typing
Dual porosity reservoirs
Fluid flow units - approaching the dynamic

SONATRACH
PART 1

WEEK 3
SEDIMENTOLOGY AND SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY (CASE STUDIES & WORKSHOP) 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion
Upon completion of the courses the participants should be able to:
perform an advanced stratigraphic analysis of the basin
analyze and integrate the petroleum system elements within a global picture
define the plays and their associated risks
define and assess the potential of prospects
define the best exploration acreage

COURSE INFORMATION
Case studies illustrated by spot lectures
COURSE CONTENT
Sedimentology - Main depositional environments
Depositional models (examples from outcrops and field case studies)
Facies analysis on core and well log: related petrophysical characteristics
3D geometry of depositional units and reservoir bodies
Seismic sequence stratigraphy at basin scale
Depositional sequences and system tracks, Methodology of interpretation
Quantitative prediction of potential source rocks and reservoirs location
Application to seismic interpretation
High-resolution sequence stratigraphy at reservoir scale
Identification of genetic sequences
Correlation by analysis of stacking patterns
Qualitative prediction reservoir bodies extent and quality
Interpretation exercises based on outcrop analogs and field studies
Stratigraphic modeling

2D and 3D deterministic stratigraphic modeling


Quantitative prediction of reservoir distribution and connectivity - case studies
Integration of seismic and dynamic data

SONATRACH
PART 1

WEEK 4
SEISMIC STRATIGRAPHY & SEISMIC ATTRIBUTES WORKSHOP 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion of this course unit, participants should be able to:
characterize the methodology of seismic attibutes analysis
perform a complete seismic stratigraphy analysis at basin and reservoir scale
predict reservoir distribution and geometry

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures and practical exercises and workshops on real data. Demos and exercises with industrial software
COURSE CONTENT
Seismic Stratigraphy interpretation
Seismic Facies identification and picking
Seismic evidence of a reservoir detection and analysis

Amplitudes and seismic attributes anomalies analysis


Analysis of seismic character modification in the vicinity of a reservoir

Seismic attributes analysis and characterization

Analysis of seismic inversion and porosity attributes in a potential trapped reservoir


Attributes comparison and analysis

SONATRACH

PART 1

WEEK 5
WELL LOGGING AND FORMATION EVALUATION 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion of this course unit, participants should be able to:
describe the well-site operations, the logging tool principles, limitations and applications
know the methodology for a qualitative and semi-quantitative log interpretation, in order to identify the reservoirs and the fluid
contacts and give the main petrophysical properties (lithology, porosity, saturation)
Practical exercises in carbonates will be provided and done during the course

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures illustrated by practical exercises, teamwork exercises, with personal work: literature survey, homework.
Workshops on different real case studies
COURSE CONTENT
Introduction :
Fundamentals of drilling and well data
Definition of main reservoir petrophysical and fluid parameters
Fundamental equations for log interpretation in clean formations (Archie
formula)
Review of main log measurements
logging tool principles
applications
limitations and quality control (Caliper, GR, NGS, SP, Resistivity, Litho-Density, Neutron , Sonic)
Qualitative and semi-qualitative interpretation of formations ("Quick Look"):
Identify reservoirs, fluid contacts ; Determine water resistivity, reservoir lithology, porosity, water and HC saturations
Use of cross-plots for lithology and porosity,Case of oil-based mud (OBM)
Introduction to shaly formation
Other logging techniques and applications
Pressure measurement (Formation Tester) & fluids sampling
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Dipmeter & borehole imaging tools
Applications of logs to Geology, Geophysics, Reservoir studies

10

SONATRACH
PART 2

WEEK 6
FUNDAMENTALS IN RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion of this course unit, participants should be able to:
Understand and test workflow and methods to build a geomodel
Be able to select and prepare data for the model
Be familiar with fundamental geostatistics and dedicated geomodeling software
Be able to communicate with other geoscientists to build an integrated geomodel
Understand the impact of natural fractures and related characterization and modeling methods.

COURSE INFORMATION
The course comprises mini-quiz and alternating exercises involving immediate applications and a practical simple case study

(50% of the course time).


Teams of participants are made up in order to read and make a presentation based on a technical paper.

COURSE CONTENT
Introduction to reservoir characterization and modeling
Reservoir characterisation objectives and workflows
Data integration
Reservoir modeling workflows and basic tools
Reservoir architecture :

Seismic interpretation pitfalls - Hands-on practice on case study - Well log analysis - Information integration

Facies analysis Rock typing

Facies analysis - Electro-facies analysis for rock typing

Petrophysics & rock properties - Reservoir Heterogeneity

11

SONATRACH
PART 2

WEEK 7
NATURALLY FRACTURED RESERVOIRS - FROM ANALYSIS AND MODELING 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion of this course unit, participants should be able to:
Characterize an oil field fractured network using various data sources (cores, logs, seismic, drilling, well tests)
Build and calibrate a Discrete Fracture Network through flowmeter and transient well test simulations
Understand the way to simulate a full field model

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures and practical exercises and workshops on real data. Demos and exercises with industrial software
COURSE CONTENT
Fractured reservoirs: identification and specificity

Workflow for characterization, definition and scale


Parameter to describe a fracture network

Fractured reservoirs static characterization

Fracture analysis from borehole and interwell data


Fault and subseismic fault networks
Conceptual models

Fractured modeling

Discrete fractured model building (DNF-3D model)


Principle to determine fracture length and hydraulic conductivity

Fractured reservoir dynamic characterization

Dynamic parameter, characterization using dynamic data


Influence of fractures on field behavior
DFN model calibration
Flow mechanism in a fracture reservoir

12

SONATRACH
PART 2

WEEK 8
DRILLING FUNDAMENTALS WITH FOCUS ON RESERVOIR CARBONATES 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion of this course unit, participants should be able to:
To acquire the vocabulary specific to drilling
To review drilling operations and equipment
To learn about roles and responsibilities of different professionals involved in drilling

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures and practical exercises
COURSE CONTENT
Organization of drilling operations
Drilling principle
Cost, duration of a drilling job
Different people involved, types of contracts
Safety
Well architecture
Reminder on reservoir characteristics
Functions of different casings
Parameters to be taken into account to determine well architecture
Examples of architectures
Drilling principles - equipment
Different types of bits
Drilling string
Drilling rig
Hoisting function and equipment
Pumping function and equipment
Rotating function and equipment
Power function
Mud and solid treatment
BOP
Special operations
Cementing operations
Wellhead
Directional drilling
Well control
Fishing jobs
Wireline logging, well test (DST)
Well completion
Reservoir-wellbore interface with focus on reservoir carbonate
Equipment for flowing wells
Well intervention

13

SONATRACH
PART 2

WEEK 9
COMPLETION AND PRODUCTION TECHNIQUES WITH FOCUS ON CARBONATE RESERVOIRS 5 DAYS

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion of this course unit, participants should be able to:
To identify the nature and the origins of well damage
To design an acidizing program (choosing the acids)
To select the necessary additives

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures and practical exercises
COURSE CONTENT
Introduction to reservoir treatments
Fundamental reminders on the productivity index (PI), the skin effect and flow efficiency, the different components of the skin
Formation damage
Productivity issues
Cause of low productivity, nature and origins of the damage, location of the problems and possible solutions
Scale deposition
Scale control and prevention
Matrix treatment: acidizing carbonates
Aims; how it works
Sandstones: inner characteristics, reactivity to injected fluids
Laboratory studies
Exercises
Frac acid
Acidizing additives
Review of the different additives (corrosion inhibitor, iron complexing agents, surfactants, solvents, etc.)
Selection of the additives and more specifically for carbonate reservoirs
Matrix treatment design
Candidate selection
Matrix design methodology
Diversion
Treatment evaluation
Synthesis
Other associated processes (water shut-off...)
Causes of failure in matrix acidizing
Case study

14

SONATRACH

PART 3

WEEK 10
CARBONATE FIELD TRIP (EAST OF FRANCE) 5 DAYS
STATIC MODEL CONSTRUCTION: FIELD CONSTRAINTS AND INTEGRATION WITH SUBSURFACE DATA

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
Upon completion of this course unit, participants should be able to:
Identify and characterize the various carbonate depositional environments
Analyse the sedimentary facies and geometries in a sequence stratigraphy framework
Perform a complete seismic stratigraphy analysis at basin and reservoir scale
Predict reservoir distribution, geometry and heterogeneity

COURSE INFORMATION
Outcrops sections, cores, well logs thin sections photographs, RCA data and NMR logs.
Exercises and workshops on real data.
COURSE CONTENT
This 5-day field course proposes an integration of outcrop observation with subsurface data:

Sedimentary architectures
Distribution and evolution of petrophysical properties through diagenesis
an excellent review of the constraints to the static model in the field
A geological and petrophysical static model was performed over a large area centered on the main zone of
interest, along an extended stratigraphic interval (Bajocian to Kimmeridgian)

15

SONATRACH
PART 3

WEEK 11
PROJECTS & PRESENTATION
ON CASE STUDIES OF ALGERIAN SEDIMENTARY BASINS 5 DAYS

WORKSHOP CONTENT
This week will be dedicated to a project study resuming most of the features seen in the previous weeks; the
project will be presented to a joint IFP Training/Company board
This project will be prepared in a small team of 3 / 5 trainees

16

SONATRACH

FORMATION
PROFESSIONNALISANTE
RESERVOIR ENGINEERING
(ResEng)

IFP Training
232, Avenue Napolon Bonaparte
92852 Rueil-Malmaison Cedex - France
www.ifptraining.com

SONATRACH
SOMMAIRE

1.

Prsentation Gnrale : .............................................................................................. 3

1.1. Objectifs De La Formation ............................................................................................ 3


1.2. Les Intervenants ........................................................................................................... 3
1.3. Informations Gnrales Sur Le Programme De Formation ........................................... 3
1.4. Profil Des Participants................................................................................................... 4
1.5. Programme Gnral ..................................................................................................... 5
2.

Contenu Dtaill De La Formation............................................................................. 6


Part 1 ............................................................................................................................ 6
Introduction To Reservoir Characterization 5 Jours ............................................ 6
Petrophysics Cca - Scal 5 Jours ............................................................................ 7
Well Log Interpretation 5 Jours.............................................................................. 8
Reservoir Static Modeling 5 Jours.......................................................................... 9
Fluid Stdies Pvt 5 Jours ...................................................................................... 10
Drilling And Completion For Reservoir Studies 5 Jours.................................... 11
Part 2 .......................................................................................................................... 12
Well Tests Analysis 5 Jours .................................................................................. 12
Drive Mechanisms Primary And Secondary Recovery 5 Jours ..................... 13
Part 3 .......................................................................................................................... 14
IOR / EOR 5 Jours .................................................................................................. 14
Workshop Field Case Study 5 Jours ................................................................. 15
Workshop Dynamic Reservoir Simulation 10 Jours ....................................... 16
Reservoir Management And Uncertainties 5 Jours .......................................... 18

SONATRACH

1. Prsentation Gnrale :
1.1. Objectifs de la formation

FORMATION PROFESSIONNALISANTE
RESERVOIR ENGINEERING
Cette formation est propose par IFP Training, pour rpondre un besoin de la socit
Sonatrach, qui souhaite dvelopper les comptences de ses collaborateurs dans le domaine
du reservoir engineering
Ce programme de formation professionnalisante dune dure de 13 semaines vise
apporter aux professionnels de lindustrie ptrolire, possdant une sensibilit dans le
domaine du reservoir engineering, une vision complte et structure du droulement des
tudes intgres de rservoirs.
A lissue de leur formation les stagiaires seront mme de :

Connaitre et comprendre les principes fondamentaux de la caractrisation des


rservoirs et les liens avec lingnierie de rservoir
Connaitre et comprendre les principes fondamentaux de lingnierie de
rservoir, en particulier les mcanismes de production et la modlisation de
rservoir
Connaitre et comprendre les principes fondamentaux de la planification des
dveloppements de champ, en particulier lvaluation des rserves et
loptimisation des schmas de production en prenant en compte les
incertitudes statiques et dynamiques

1.2. Les intervenants


Lun des points forts de cette formation est son volet oprationnel. Tous les intervenants
sont des professionnels qui ont acquis durant leur carrire une forte exprience, ainsi
quune comptence tendue dans leur domaine. Nombre dentre eux ont en outre t
confronts des problmatiques de champs dAlgrie.

1.3. Informations gnrales sur le programme de


formation
Ce programme sera dispens en totalit par IFP Training. Cette formation intensive sarticule
autour de 12 modules. Des preuves, sous forme de QCM ou dexercices sont organises
rgulirement pour valuer le niveau de comptences acquises par les stagiaires.

SONATRACH

Les cours sont conus pour tre trs interactifs et poursuivent des objectifs pratiques
spcifiques pour que les participants soient entirement oprationnels lissue des 13
semaines de formation. La formation est organise autour :

de cours techniques appuys par de nombreux exercices dapplication et des


tudes de cas
dateliers de travail en groupe, de travaux pratiques sur PC au moyen de
logiciels ddis reconnus et utiliss par lindustrie.

IFP Training nommera un coordinateur programme


Pour des raisons pdagogiques, ce programme est conu pour un groupe limit 20
participants maximum.

1.4. Profil des participants


Pour pouvoir sinscrire ce programme de formation professionnelle intensive en
gosciences et en reservoir engineering, les candidats doivent possder une licence (ou un
diplme quivalent) dans un domaine li aux mtiers de lingnieur et du reservoir
engineering ainsi quune forte motivation.

Programme
Les grandes lignes du programme seront prsentes dans les pages suivantes
La formation dure au total 13 semaines (soit 65 jours).

SONATRACH

1.5. Programme gnral


2015

FORMATION PROFESSIONNALISANTE
RESERVOIR ENGINEERING
PARTIE

MODULES

LIEU

Cours / ateliers- travaux pratiques / travail en groupe


sem

10

11

12

13

jours

MODULE 1 INTRODUCTION IN RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

MODULE 2 PETROPHYSICS CCA/SCAL

MODULE 3 - WELL LOG INTERPRETATION

MODULE 4 RESERVOIR STATIC MODELING

MODULE 5 FLUID STUDIES PVT

MODULE 6 DRILLING & COMPLETION FOR RESERVOIR STUDIES

5
Break

PARTIE II

MODULE 7 WELL TESTS ANALYSIS

MODULE 8 DRIVE MECHANISMS PRIMARY & SECONDARY RECOVERY

MODULE 9 IMPROVED OIL RECOVERY/ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY

Break

PARTIE III

10

MODULE 10 WORKSHOP FIELD CASE STUDY

11

MODULE 11 DYNAMIC RESERVOIR SIMULATION

10

12

MODULE 12 RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT & UNCERTAINTIES

A L G IE R S - B O U M E R D E S

PARTIE I

SONATRACH

2. Contenu dtaill de la formation


PART 1
WEEK 1
INTRODUCTION TO RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION 5 JOURS

AUDIENCE
The program is designed for any geophysicist, geologist, petrophysicist, reservoir engineer or petroleum
engineer involved in integrated reservoir studies.

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
To provide a clear understanding of techniques and challenges related to reservoir modeling (focus on
reservoir properties);
To build required competencies for reservoir geologists to analyze a specific dataset and construct a reliable
static model;
To emphasize reservoir modeling main goal: reduce subsurface uncertainties (to reduce risk and to optimize
investments).

COURSE INFORMATION
Lectures, videos, practical exercises and hands-on activities;
Detailed description, interpretation and integration of all data types (seismic, geology, petrophysics,
dynamic);
Integration of dynamic data at an early stage of the characterization process (with the aim of producing a
numerical model to be used by reservoir engineers as base for reservoir simulation).

COURSE CONTENT
INTRODUCTION TO RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION

Introduction
Initial hands-on test - Reservoir characterization & modeling objectives
Collective quiz
Reservoir characterization & modeling workflows - Data integration
Data types & related uncertainty

RESERVOIR ARCHITECTURE
Seismic interpretation pitfalls
Hands-on practice on case study
Well log analysis - Information integration

FACIES ANALYSIS ROCK TYPING


Facies analysis
Electro-facies analysis for rock typing

PETROPHYSICS & ROCK PROPERTIES RESERVOIR HETEROGENEITIES


Petrophysics: Principles & reservoir parameters
Petrophysical parameters, Heterogeneity
Final hands-on test - Week wrap up

SONATRACH
PART 1
WEEK 2
PETROPHYSICS CCA - SCAL 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To give the participants information on how rock properties, elements which are essential for the reservoir
description and the flow dynamics are obtained from core analysis.

LEARNING OBJECTIVE
To know and understand how rock properties are obtained from core analysis
To learn about laboratory equipment, data acquisition and data processing for each property measurement
To know and understand the use of petrophysical properties for reservoir static and dynamic description

COURSE CONTENT
INTRODUCTION CORING
Definitions
Reservoir characterization: seismic, core analysis, cuttings, role of core analysis
method for coring - Core preservation, cleaning and analysis - Conventional and special core analysis (CCA
and SCAL)

CONVENTIONAL CORE ANALYSIS

Porosity: definition and measurements , (effective and total porosity)


Pore size distribution by NMR and Mercury Injection
Permeability: definition, measurements, liquid and gas permeability, Klinkenberg corrections
Porosity/permeability correlations
Capillary pressures measurements: porous plates, centrifuge: interpretation, existence of local saturation
Formation factor and Resistivity index RI
From lab to reservoir: use of Pc to determine reservoir initial saturation and transition zones
exercises

SCAL PROPERTIES MEASUREMENTS


Measurement of wettability: Amott index, USBM
Exercises: permeability composition
Exercises

GENERALITIES ON TWO-PHASE FLOW PROPERTIES

Darcy's law for two phase flows core analysis


Relative permeabilities - Capillarity, Capillary pressure - Wettability
Effect of petrophysical properties on fluid displacements, importance of wettability on Pc, Kr , RI
Relative permeabilities: steady-state, unsteady-state, interpretations, synthesis
Exercises

PETROPHYSICAL ROCK TYPING


Synthesis of petrophysical data
Leverett functions, exercises

SONATRACH
PART 1
WEEK 3
WELL LOG INTERPRETATION 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide an overview of main logging tools and an insight into fundamentals of well log interpretation for
reservoir characterization.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To learn about well-site operations, the logging tool principles, limitations and applications
To know and understand the methodology for a qualitative and semi-quantitative log interpretation, in
order to identify the reservoirs and the fluid contacts and give the main petrophysical properties (lithology,
porosity, saturation)

COURSE CONTENT
BASIC INTERPRETATION CONCEPTS
Definition of main reservoir petrophysical and fluid properties (lithology, porosity, resistivity, saturation)
Environment of measurement (borehole, invasion profile)
Fundamental equation ( Archie formula) for log interpretation in clean formations

REVIEW OF LOG MEASUREMENTS AND APPLICATIONS


Mud logging and coring techniques; mud logs and use in log interpretation
Wireline logging operations and wireline logs
The log: header, calibrations, parameters, repeat section, main log
Wireline logging tools : principle and applications, limitation, calibration, log correction and quality control
Caliper, Gamma Ray and GR spectrometry, Spontaneous Potential
Resistivity (Induction, Laterolog) and Microresistivity measurements
Porosity & lithology measurements: nuclear (Litho-Density, Neutron) and acoustic logging (Sonic, Diple
sonic)
Case study n1 ( Water based mud, most common geological formations)
Case study n2 ( Water based mud, Clastics )

LOG INTERPRETATION
Qualitative and semi-quantitative log interpretation:
-

Log responses in most common geological formations


Identification of reservoirs and fluid contacts (Overlay technique : Water and oil based mud cases )
Hydrocarbon effect on density & neutron logs .
Determination of water resistivity Rw (SP, Ratio, Rwa) and formation resistivity (Rt, Rxo)
Determination of lithology, porosity, water and hydrocarbon saturations
Shale effects on logs : Introduction to shaly and complex lithology formations

Cross-plot techniques with density, neutron, sonic and other logs (Pe, K, Th, etc.)
Case studies n1 & 2
Case study n 3 ( Oil based mud, Clastics)

PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS, NMR, DIPMETER AND BOREHOLE IMAGING TECHNIQUES

Pressure measurements and fluid sampling : operation and applications


Determination of fluid contacts, fluid gradients and fluid densities
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance: principle and applications
Dipmeter and Borehole imaging tools: principle and applications
Case study n 3 ( Oil based mud, Clastics)
Case study n 4 ( Oil based mud, Carbonates)

SONATRACH
PART 1
WEEK 4
RESERVOIR STATIC MODELING 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a comprehensive and practical understanding ofreservoir characterization and modeling

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

To know and understand the objectives of integrated reservoir studies ;


To learn about identifying each stage of geological model construction ;
To learn about using dedicated software tools for rock typing (EasyTraceTM) and geomodeling (PetrelTM) ;
To learn about know and understand geostatistical methods used for static model construction ;
To know and understand principles applied to quantify in-place hydrocarbons in reservoirs.

WAYS AND MEANS


Hands-on with dedicated softwares for rock typing (EasyTraceTM) and geomodeling (PetrelTM)

COURSE CONTENT
BASIC PRINCIPLES - RESERVOIR CHARACTERIZATION WORKFLOW
Introduction and objectives
Case study: field presentation

PROJECT ORGANIZATION

Project definition
Data QC and summary table
Data management
Well data loading
Manipulating scripts and ExcelTM macros

STRUCTURAL MODELING

Structural context
Well correlation and stratigraphic data analysis
Constraining static model with dynamic data
Generating surfaces
Picking horizons and faults on seismic
Reservoir layering
Structural modeling
Mapping reservoir structures
Modeling results QC

ROCK TYPING AND PROPERTY MODELING

Scaling up logs - Comparison with rock types


Geostatistical tools
Facies modeling Rock typing (EasyTraceTM)
Petrophysical modeling
Mapping result for QC: gross thickness, N-t-G, reservoir properties

VOLUME CALCULATION AND UNCERTAINTIES


Volumetrics: quantification of accumulation for selected parameters
Sensitivity study on parameters
Key parameters determination for risk assessment

SONATRACH
PART 1
WEEK 5
FLUID STUDIES PVT 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a comprehensive and practical understanding of oil and gas reservoir fluids behavior

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To know and understand main principles of thermodynamics applied to Reservoir Engineering studies
To know and understand the building process of a PVT model for reservoir simulation
To acquire practical experience of using experimental data to build PVT models

WAYS AND MEANS


Interactive lectures and exercises
Analyzing real PVT report
Hands-on practices using state-of-the-art EOS package for PVT matching

COURSE CONTENT
THERMODYNAMICS: REMINDERS
Petroleum genesis
Chemical composition of hydrocarbon fluids
-

Hydrocarbon families
Compositional presentation of reservoir fluids

Thermodynamics of hydrocarbon fluids


-

Pure component, binary mixture, multi-component systems - phase behavior


Hydrocarbon fluids: under saturated oil, saturated oil, dry gas, wet gas, retrograde gas

Measurements
-

Sampling: bottom hole and surface sampling - representativity and validity of sampling
Analysis
PVT studies: oil - gas condensate

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES - HYDROCARBON FLUIDS


Thermodynamics: mixture equilibrium, fluids classification
Liquid vapor equilibrium
-

Real equilibrium, thermodynamics potential, fugacity


Bubble point pressure, formation volume factor, density compressibility, viscosity

Equation of state

Peng-Robinson, Soave-Redlich-Kwong
Liquid-vapor calculation

Analytical representation: properties of light and heavy cuts


Fluid modeling: PVT matching
Fluid synthesis: gravity segregation, field cases, miscibility
Downstream data: data for reservoir simulator and process

PVT EXERCISES
Matching data with a PVT EOS package

SONATRACH
PART 1
WEEK 6
DRILLING AND COMPLETION FOR RESERVOIR STUDIES 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a technical overview of well operation
Drilling: the different well design, the drilling equipment, the different operations to reach the reservoirs
Completion: wellbore treatments, artificial lift and well intervention

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To know and understand fundamentals of drilling and completions techniques
To know and understand main concepts of production logs and well productivity optimization
To know fundamentals about horizontal and complex wells

COURSE CONTENT
DRILLING

Well design - Casing program


Drilling equipment and techniques
Directional drilling
Drilling fluids (mud)
Different types of rigs - Specific offshore problems

WELL COMPLETION

Wellhead and safety equipment (BOP)


Basic completion configurations
Well servicing and workover
Operations on live wells: wireline, coiled tubing, snubbing

CASED-HOLE LOGGING
Cementation logs: CET, CBL, VDL
Production logs
-

Saturation Monitoring (PNC)


Flow profiles (PLT)

WELL PERFORMANCE
Inflow, outflow
Nodal analysis
Well deliverability & productivity

HORIZONTAL AND COMPLEX WELLS


New applications - Feasibility, productivity
Coning, risks and other issues

SONATRACH
PART 2
WEEK 7
WELL TESTS ANALYSIS 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a comprehensive knowledge of how to design, set up and interpret well tests

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To know and understand the theory of well testing interpretation (flow regimes, models)
To know how to perform a well test interpretation
To know how to devise or recommend a well test design

WAYS AND MEANS


Interactive lectures and exercises
Hands-on practices using state-of-the-art software for well test interpretation

COURSE CONTENT
INTRODUCTION TO WELL TESTING
Purpose of well testing
Practical well test operations: types of tests, equipment, safety and environmental issues
Definitions & typical regimes: wellbore storage, radial flow regime, skin effect, fractured well, well in partial
penetration
Fractured reservoirs, limited reservoirs and closed reservoirs
Productivity index, radius of investigation

BASIC EQUATIONS AND METHODS

Darcy's law, the diffusivity equation


The time superposition, multirate testing
The space superposition, boundary effect
Pressure curves analyses and pressure derivative

WELLBORE CONDITIONS

Well with wellbore storage and skin


Infinite and finite conductivity vertical fracture
Well in partial penetration
Horizontal well
The different skin factors, geometrical skin and well deliverability

BOUNDARY MODELS

One sealing fault


Two parallel sealing faults
Two intersecting sealing faults
Closed system, reservoir limit testing and depletion effects
Constant pressure boundary

TEST DESIGN

Rate history definition - Time and pressure error


Pressure gauge drift & noise - Changing wellbore storage
Phase segregation - Interpretation procedure
From the initial diagnosis to the final consistency check of the results
Reporting and presentation of results, examples of test response

SONATRACH
PART 2
WEEK 8
DRIVE MECHANISMS PRIMARY AND SECONDARY RECOVERY 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a thorough understanding of reservoir drive mechanisms

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To know and understand the natural mechanisms of production of a field
To know and understand the mechanisms of improved oil recovery through water and non-miscible gas
injection
To know and understand the main concepts of Enhanced Oil Recovery

WAYS AND MEANS


Interactive lectures and exercises
Hands-on practices using state-of-the-art software for PVT matching, History Matching and Production
Forecast

COURSE CONTENT
DRIVE MECHANISMS
Primary drainage
-

Undersaturated oil expansion, solution gas drive, gas gap drive


Oil reservoir with natural water influx
Gas fields

Secondary drainage
-

Multiphase Flow
o Flow characteristics at pore scale
o Relative permeabilities and reservoir production
o Non-miscible diphasic flow: fluid mobility and mobility ratio
o Theory of frontal displacement Buckley-Leverett
Water or immiscible gas injection
Water flooding: sources of injected water, well injectivity, flood pattern water flood performance
Gas injection: flood mechanism and well injectivity
Displacement or microscopic efficiency, areal sweep efficiency, vertical sweep efficiency, global
sweep efficiency

Exercises

MATERIAL BALANCE
Practical exercises on PVT matching, History matching, Production forecast with MBAL software

SONATRACH
PART 3
WEEK 9
IOR / EOR 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a comprehensive knowledge of improved/ enhanced oil recovery methods

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To know and understand main concepts of EOR
To know and understand advantages and limitations of the various EOR techniques
To know and understand how to select best EOR methods provided reservoir and oil characteristics

COURSE CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
Definitions of IOR/EOR, world energy data, EOR status and on-going projects
Reservoir Management: from initial development to EOR. Reserves evaluation

SPECIAL CORE ANALYSES - REMINDERS


Relative permeabilities, capillary pressures, wettability, smart water
Practical exercise

OIL RECOVERY BY PRESSURE MAINTENANCE - REMINDERS


Oil recovery by water and/or gas injection
Factors impacting on recovery: reservoir and fluid characteristics, injection characteristics (volumes of
injected fluids, type of fluids, flood pattern)
Displacement or microscopic efficiency, areal sweep efficiency, vertical sweep efficiency and global sweep
efficiency
Buckley-Leverett frontal advance theory. Production forecasts. Practical exercises
Water flooding: sources and treatment of injected water, well injectivity, water flooding implementation,
flood pattern
Immiscible Gas injection: injected gas sources, flood mechanisms

FIELD DEVELOPMENT CASE


Field development exercise: water injection case followed by miscible gas injection

ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY


Water injection versus gas injection
Gas injection: gravity displacement by lean gas, miscible displacement by lean and rich gas. Miscible flooding
parameters (phase behavior, MMP). Water Alternating Gas (WAG)
Videos examples
Chemical injection: polymers to improve the volumetric sweep efficiency, surfactants to improve the
microscopic sweep efficiency
Practical exercises
Thermal methods: steam and air injection. Extra heavy oil cases
EOR selection criteria and limitations. EOR project planning, pilots, design, surveillance

FIELD CASES
Various field cases: miscible displacement and gas gravity displacement
Optimizing economics of polymer injection: field case study
Middle East Case: EOR screening exercise

SONATRACH
PART 3
WEEK 10
WORKSHOP FIELD CASE STUDY 5 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a thorough understanding of integrating various reservoir modeling and reservoir engineering in
order to estimate hydrocarbons in place and reserves

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To practice QC on various types of data (core data, production data, well test, PVT report, etc.)
To practice data gathering and integration in order to estimate the hydrocarbons in place through
To practice data gathering and integration in order to estimate reserves and design a field development
project

PURPOSE
To provide an in-depth, practical knowledge of bit, drill string, and fishing techniques and equipment

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

To acquire the basic knowledge on the bit and the drill stem
To carry out basic calculations on the drill stem
To choose a drill stem
To use the different elements of the drill stem
To learn about main techniques and equipment used to solve a fishing problem while drilling

AGENDA
ES COURSE CONTENT
TIMATE OF HYDROCARBONS IN PLACE
Estimate units characteristics (net, N/G, porosity, saturation, HC pore volume, permeability from well logs
Draw a K/PHI relationship and estimate average permeability per units from cores data
Estimate contacts and initial pressure at contact from RFT data
Estimate fluids thermodynamic parameters from PVT report
Estimate average permeability, reservoir pressure, skin and productivity index from well test data (Horner
interpretation)
Estimate OOIP and IGIP from area-depth tables and results from previous data exploitation

FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT

Natural depletion drive


Estimate oil recovery at bubble point pressure
Estimate oil recovery at maintained safety pressure (above saturation pressure)
Calculate productivity index, number of producers
Water flooding
Calculate injectivity index and number of injectors
Determine optimal well locations
Define remaining uncertainties and related monitoring program
Estimate ultimate oil recovery
Optional: Tertiary Recovery (optional)
Estimate gas injection rate and number of injectors

SONATRACH
PART 3
WEEK 11-12
WORKSHOP DYNAMIC RESERVOIR SIMULATION 10 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a thorough understanding of dynamic reservoir simulation, covering principles as well as data
reviewing and formatting

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To know and understand fundamental concepts of Dynamic Reservoir Simulation
To learn about the building of a reservoir simulation model (data gathering, data QC)
To learn about carrying out a simple reservoir simulation study (data input, history matching and production
forecast with a black-oil model)

WAYS AND MEANS


Interactive course and exercises
Hands-on practices using state-of-the-art Eclipse , Petrel RE or PumaFlow reservoir simulator
Black oil reservoir simulation including the manipulation of all kind of reservoir data (geological,
petrophysical, PVT, well data, production history)

COURSE CONTENT
WEEK 1 :
INTRODUCTION TO SIMULATION
Physical aspects & basic laws
Mathematical & numerical aspects (diffusivity, transport & general equations)
Types of reservoir simulation models: black oil, compositional, thermal, chemical and double porosity model

INTRODUCTION TO THE SIMULATOR (ECLIPSE, Petrel-RE, PumaFlow)


Simulation software presentation
Practical exercise (Building a model from A to Z)

SPACE & TIME DISCRETIZATION


Grid properties (Cartesian grid, Radial grid, corner point grid, etc.) & key elements to take into account
Time Step Management & main events to take into account
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

PETROPHYSICS
Data Review & Petrophysical upscaling
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

SONATRACH
WEEK 2 :
FLUIDS
Data Review & Formalisms used by the simulator
Use of black oil data set & integration of lab experiments (constant composition expansion, constant volume
depletion)
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

INITIAL STATE
Data Review & Formalisms used by the simulator (equilibration regions)
Identification of fluids in place per region
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

FLOW REPRESENTATION
Formalisms used by the simulator (transmissivity multipliers, end point scaling of capillary pressures &
relative permeability)
Identification of production mechanisms & material balance analysis
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

AQUIFERS REPRESENTATION
Formalisms used by the simulator (gridded or analytical aquifers)
Review of different possibilities (bottom, edge, transient, steady state, semi steady state) & Hurst & Van
Everdingen tables
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

WELLS REPRESENTATION
Formalisms used by the simulator (Inflow Performance & Numerical PI, outflow performance & VFP tables)
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

HISTORY MATCHING

Production Data & identification of data to match


Production Mechanisms & identification of matching parameters
History matching strategies (pressure, saturation, early & late times) & uncertainty reduction
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

PRODUCTION FORECAST
Integration of well representation & production constraints
Estimation of future productions linked to different scenarios and identification of remaining uncertainties
Practical exercise using the Simulation software

SONATRACH
PART 3
WEEK 13
RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT AND UNCERTAINTIES 10 JOURS

PURPOSE
To provide a comprehensive overview of thechniques used in the management of an asset throughout its
time life, from the discovery of the reservoir till the end of the production

LEARNING OBJECTIVES
To review principles of Reservoir Management from geology to hydrocarbon recovery
To learn about main concepts of Reservoir Monitoring and Data Acquisition
To learn about integrating risks and uncertainties into reserves evaluation static uncertainties, dynamic
uncertainties, geostochastic modeling etc.

WAYS AND MEANS


Hands on studies and extensive use of dedicated software (Excel, Crystal Ball)

AGENDA
INTRODUCTION TO RESERVOIR MANAGEMENT
Objectives of Reservoir Management
Field development Project: an integrated effort

INTRODUCTION TO RESERVOIR MONITORING


Definitions and Planning (reservoir management plan, new and mature fields)

MONITORING: DATA ACQUISITION


Planning & costs
Cased Hole Logging: cement bond, saturation monitoring, flow profiles

DECISION PROCESSES AND BUSINESS ASPECTS

Development decision process & project economics


SPE definitions and principles
SEC definitions and guidelines
Other definitions

RESERVES ESTIMATION AND PRODUCTION PROFILES


Volumetrics
Performance analysis (material balance, decline curves)
Simulation models

RISKS AND UNCERTAINTIES

Introduction to Risks and Uncertainties


Notions of probability and decision trees (exercises)
Statistical description of data (exercises)
Common distributions
Probabilistic methods: Monte-Carlo and Parametric
Notions of geostatistics and stochastic modeling
Structural, geological and dynamic uncertainties

FFORM
MAT
TION
NSA
ADV
VANC
CED
G
GeosccienceesReeservo
oirEn
ngineeering
g

IFPTraining
232,AvenuueNapolonB
Bonaparte
92852RueilM
MalmaisonCe
edexFrance
www
w.ifptraining.ccom

SOMMAIREE

1.. Form
mationss Advan
nced enn Explorration ................................ 3

2.. Rcuupratio
on amliore een cham
mps maatures ( EOR) ..... 16

3.. Sism
mique offshore
o
e et imaagerie salifre
s
.............
.
............... 22

1.. Formaations Advance


A
ed en E
Explorattion

FO
ORM
MAT
TION
NSA
ADV
VANCED
D
EX
XPLO
ORA
ATIO
ON

FR
RACTU
UREDR
RESERV
VOIRC
CHARA
ACTER IZATIO
ON
WIITHEM
MPHASSISON
NCARB
BONATTES
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Resservoir engineeers and geoscieentists involved in development or manageme


ent of naturally ffractured reservvoirs

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

To characterize a fractured netwoork on a field froom various dataa (cores, logs, seismic,
s
drillingg, well-tests)
To define differentt types of fractuures
To make a synthesis of fracture analyze,
a
and a ddevelop a concceptual model
To understand annd manage bothh small-scale annd large-scale fracture
f

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Lecctures, videos, ppractical exercises and hands-on
This course presents practical meethods to charaacterize natural fractured fieldss with an empha
asis on carbonaate
inteegrated static aand dynamic daata . These metthods have beeen developed over
o the past tw
wenty years for more than onee hundred fractuured
reservoirs studies. They have beeen performed by
b the IFP grouup for different reservoir typess and companiees around the world,
w
Emphasiss on
carrbonate is illustrrated with numeerous exampless from France, Middle-East annd Brazil..

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
FR
RACTUREDR
RESERVOIRSS:IDENTIFICATIONAN
NDSPECIFIC
CITY

1.5d
day

Objectives ffor dynamic model


Workflow for characterization using static and dynamic ddata. Definition and
a scales of natural fracturess
Parameters to describe a fracture networkk
Static charaacterization at borehole scale (logs, cores, borrehole imaging)

FR
RACTUREDR
RESERVOIRSSSTATICCH
HARACTERIZ
IZATION

1.5d
day

Fracture anaalysis from boreehole scale data (logs, cores, borehole imaging)
mechanical moodel, seismic da
Fracture anaalysis from interwell scale dataa (outcrop, geom
ata)
Fault and suubseismic fault networks. Dataa synthesis on a summary doccument
Conceptual models. Handss-on: exercises & case studiess

FR
RACTUREDR
RESERVOIRDYNAMICCHARACTER
ERIZATION

1d
day

Introduction
Main types of fractured reservoirs
Inffluence of fractures on field beehavior
Exxamples of fieldd recovery
Dynamic paarameters . Fraccture characteriization using dyynamic data
Influence of fractures on fieeld behavior. Frracture networkk hydraulic charracterization
DFN model calibration . Floow mechanism in a fractured rreservoir. Recovvery mechanism
ms and simulattion
Hands-on, eexercises & casse studies
Conclusionss

WORKSHOPu
W
usingdedicatedsoftwa
are

1d
day

CORE
C
ANALY
YSISFO
ORRESERVO
OIRCH
HARACCTERIZATION
N
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Geooscientists andd petroleum enngineers with a short industtrial experience


e; engineers innvolved in reservoir studies and
sim
mulations

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

To provide a compprehensive infoormation on corre analysis and the importance


e of rock propeerties for reservvoir description and
fluidd-flow dynamics
To grasp a thorouggh understanding of rock propperties used in reservoir
r
simula
ation models
To interpret and vaalidate a SCAL report
To review the quality control proccess for main paarameters (poroosity, permeability, wettability))
To interpret a two--phase flow expperiment, and uuse results for fuuture reservoir engineering caalculations
To design a SCALL program with regard to givenn objectives

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Foor all measurem
ments, a descripption of laboratory equipment, data acquisitioon and data inte
erpretation proccesses is presented.
Im
mpact of petrophhysical propertiies on various production
p
mecchanisms is alsoo discussed, alo
ong with conceppts of error, uncertainty and
coonfidence intervvals

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
INTRODUCTIO
ON

0.5d
day

Reservoir chharacterization:: seismic, core analysis,


a
well teesting, logs, cutttings, PVT Role
R of core anaalysis

CO
ORING
Method for ccoring - Core prreservation, cleeaning and anallysis - Conventiional and special core analysiss (CCA and SC
CAL)

GEENERALITIESSONTWOPHASEFLO
OWPROPER
RTIES

1d
day

Darcy's law for two-phase flows


f
in reservooir simulations aand core analyssis
Relative perrmeabilities - Caapillarity, Capillary pressure - W
Wettability
Effect of pettrophysical propperties on fluid displacements,, importance of wettability in water
w
flooding
Modeling miiscible displaceements

CO
ONVENTION
NALCOREA
ANALYSIS

1d
day

Porosity: deefinition and measurements - Pore


P size distribbution by NMR and
a Mercury Injjection
Use of mercury to deterrmine reservoirr initial saturattion and transsition zones. Permeability:
P
deefinition, meassurements, indirect
estimations,, limits
Porosity/perrmeability correelations - Use off Core Analysiss for Rock Typinng

DEESIGNOFSC
CALPROGR
RAM
SCAL progrram to obtain dyynamic properties for reservoirr simulations
Plug selectioon and preparaation (Rock typinng, CT scan, pllugging)
Additional m
measurements on
o trimends (Meercury, XRD, Thhin section)
Choice of a method for placcing oil into the plug (Swi statee) - Choice of a wettability resttoration proceduure
Choice of opperating conditions for relative permeabilities , reservoir condditions, live oil, dead
d
oil, calcul ation or confining pressure

MEEASUREMEENTSOFSCA
ALPROPERT
TIES
Dispersion ttests to quantifyy plug heterogeneities - Measuurement of wetttability: Amott in
ndex, USBM, usse of NMR
Relative perrmeabilities: steeady-state, unstteady-state, in-ssitu saturation monitoring,
m
inte
erpretations
Capillary preessures: porouss plates, centriffuge, semi-dynaamic method - Formation
F
facto
or and Resistivitty index RI

1.5d
days


QU
UALITYCON
NTROLOFA
AVAILABLED
DATA

0.5d
day

Old and new


w data, contentss of reports
Porosity, comparisons withh logs when avaailable (effectivee and total poroosity)
Permeabilityy, various methods, liquid and gas permeabiliity, Klinkenbergg corrections, efffect of confininng pressure
Wettability: A
Amott compareed to USBM, efffect of wettabilitty on Pc, Kr andd RI, check con
nsistency of thee results
Validity of K
Kr measurementts, existence off wettability resttoration, interprretation with cap
pillary pressuree
Validity of ceentrifuge interpretation, existence of calculati on of local satuuration
Final verificaation of the plugg selection in thhe various rockk types (minerallogy, porosity/permeability corrrelation, pore size
s distribution, Kr,
Pc, RI)

AV
VERAGINGP
PETROPHYSSICALPROP
PERTIES
Need for aveeraging rock types for reservoir simulations
Effect of hetterogeneities, description
d
of heeterogeneities
Averaging foor grid block prooperties - Averaaging porositiess and permeabiilities - Averagin
ng capillary preessures
Static averaaging of end-poiints Kr
Dynamic averaging of Kr: pseudoization
p
(Kyte and Berryy)

0.5d
day

BASIN
B
MODELING:
TTHERM
MICITY
Y,MAT URATIION&MIGR
RATION
N
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Juunior petroleum exploration geoscientists, muultidisciplinary-teeam managers

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

Too provide an inn-depth and prractical undersstanding of thermal basin mo


odeling in a coomprehensive workflow;
w
includding
modeling of oil maturation andd hydrocarbon migration, andd leading to th
he assessmentt of hydrocarbon potential off an
exxploration blockk or a prospect
Too understand soource rock matuuration and hyddrocarbons genneration
Too assess most significant
s
basinn modeling paraameters
Too construct a reegional basin model with TEMIIS1D
Too understand hyydrocarbon miggration processees with TEMIS22D
Too evaluate the hydrocarbon
h
pootential of a giveen area

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Afternoon sessioons are devotedd to case studiees based on nonn-proprietary daata provided byy IFP
Use
U of the softwaare programs TEMIS1D
T
andd TEMIS2D, m
maximum 2 parrticipants per workstation
w
Byy the end of each afternoon, participants
p
gennerate short repports which are assessed the fo
ollowing day

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
SEEDIMENTAR
RYBASINM
MODELINGT
THROUGHO
OUTTIME

1d
day

Basin types (rift, margin, fooreland, etc.)


Subsidence versus time. Compaction,
C
bacck stripping
PM: exercises, introductionn to Temis1D, subsidence cuurve calculationn

TH
HERMALHISSTORY

1d
day

Modes of heeat propagationn: conduction, convection and aadvection


mentary coverss
Transient thermal regimes and blanketing effects of sedim
Calibration oof heat flow for present and paast thermal statee
PM: exercises in Temis1D
, influence off the heat flow, ssurface temperrature, conductiivity

MA
ATURATION
NANDEXPU
ULSION

1d
day

Source rockk (type, rock-evaal data). Keroogen cracking, kinetic parametter determinatio
on
Secondary ccracking. Paleoo-thermometerss (organic, fissioon track, fluid innclusions)
PM: exercises in Temis1D
, influence off the kinetic para
rameters

HY
YDROCARBO
ONSMIGRA
ATION
Migration prrinciples. Definittion of lithologiees in basin moddeling
Archimedess force, capillaryy pressure
PM: introducction to Temis22D, exercisess in Temis2D,, influence of thhe parameters
Oil and gas.. PVT and chem
mical compositioon. Velocity of hhydrocarbon migration
PM: exercises in Temis2D
, influence off parameters

2d
days

SEQU
UENCEESTRA
ATIGRA
APHY:
A
APPLIC
CATION
NTOC
CARBO
ONATERESER
RVOIR
RS
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Exxperienced geeologists, geopphysicists, pettrophysicists, and


a
reservoir engineers, innvolved in caarbonate reserrvoir
chharacterization
Knnowledge of carbonate sedimeentology is prefferred

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

To deepen undersstanding of wayys and means for describing carbonates from cores/outcroop analogues, logs, and seism
mics;
andd, ultimately, inttegrating data efficiently
e
for seequence stratigrraphy, with the aim of constrainning reservoir architectures
a

To review carbonate facies and depositional eenvironments, and


a provide the
e tools for an efficient descriiption of carbonnate
sysstems
To demonstrate thhe necessity of an efficient faciies analysis woorkflow
To review the principles of sequeence stratigraphhy, with an empphasis on the sp
pecificity of carbbonate systemss
To review the toolss that can be ussed for sequen ce stratigraphyy in carbonates

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Several practicall exercises withh core photos, thhin section phootos, log data, seismic
s
data

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
INTRODUCTIO
ONTOCARB
BONATES

0.5d
day

DEESCRIPTION
NOFCARBO
ONATESYST
TEMS

0.5d
day

Carbonate aand evaporites mineralogy andd components


Classificatioons
Carbonate sshelves: types, controls on deppositions, depossitional environnments
Controls on carbonates andd evaporites deeposition
Depositionaal environments in carbonate system

CA
ARBONATEFFACIESANA
ALYSIS

1d
day

WorkFlow foor a best practicce of carbonatee facies analysiss


Practicals

SEEQUENCESTTRATIGRAP
PHY

1.5d
day

Principles. H
High resolution sequence strattigraphy in carbbonates
Typical respponses of carboonate systems at
a various scalees
WorkFlow foor a best practicce of sequence stratigraphy innterpretation in carbonate
c
syste
ems
Practicals

SEEISMICEXPR
RESSIONOFFCARBONA
ATES

0.5d
day

Velocity in ccarbonates and seismic responnses. Overview


w of seismic attributes and theirr inputs
Practicals

REEALINTEGRA
ATEDCASEESTUDY:ILLLUSTRATION
NOFAMO
ODELINGWO
ORKFLOW

1d
day

GEOSTTATIST
TICALR
RESER
RVOIRMODEELING::
STA
ANDAR
RDAPP
PROAC
CHESA
ANDB
BESTPR
RACTIC
CES
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Geooscientists invoolved in data intterpretation andd management


Reccommended for geologists, geeophysics and rreservoir engineeers working on
n integrated resservoir studies

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

to acquire a com
mprehensive technical knoowledge and to get famiiliar with geoostatistical methods
m
used on
dmodelingstuudies
resservoircharacterizationand
To provide a bassic and practical approach too the industrial methodology of reservoir ccharacterizationn and modelingg, in
parrticular with geoostatistical toolss and methods.
To use basic geosstatistical tools and
a methods(vaariogram, kriginng, cokriging, exxternal drift)
To use vertical prooportion curves (e.g. layering, well gridding, statistics,
s
vertica
al proportion cuurves building)
To choose ways for
f properties simulations
s
usi ng geostatisticcal algorithms: facies (pixel annd object methhods); petrophyysics
(gaaussian methods)
To constrain geostatistical distribution using addditional informattion (e.g. geolog
gy, seismic andd dynamic data)
To use industrial softwares
s
dediccated for geostaatistics

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Leectures, hands--on activities. Practical
P
examplles and laborato
tory exercises will
w be performe
ed using dedicatted software ass IsatisTM

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
FU
UNDAMENTTALS

1d
day

Basic statisttics for data anaalysis. Introducttion to geostatisstics. Quantificaation of spatial variability: varioogram

KR
RIGINGAND
DVARIATIO
ONS

1d
day

Introduction to kriging. Dataa integration: cookriging, collocaated cokriging, external drift krriging
Applicationss to time-to-deppth conversion and
a property maapping. Dealingg with non-statio
onary cases (tre
rends)

GEEOSTATISTIC
CALSIMULA
ATIONS

1.5d
days

Why simulattions: limitations of kriging. Sim


mulation metho ds for continuous parameters (as Phi and K)
Simulation m
methods for cattegorical variables (lithology). A
Applications

GEEOSTATISTIC
CSFORINTTEGRATEDR
RESERVOIR STUDIES

0.5d
day

Geostatistics as an integration tool. Heteroogeneities, scaales, upscaling


Integration oof seismic-derivved data in 3D static
s
models. A
Applications

RISSKMANAG
GEMENTQUANTIFICATIONOFUN
NCERTAINT
TY

0.5d
day

Confidence intervals - Iteraative methods. Beyond


B
the Mo nte-Carlo approoach - Simulatio
on optimizationn
Risk assesssment optimizattion. Applicationns

FIN
NALDISCUSSSIONBASEEDONAMO
ODELINGEX
XAMPLE
Wrap-up sesssion

0.5d
day

INTEGRATED
D3DRESERV
VOIR MODE
ELING WORK
KSHOP
P
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Geophysicists,G
Geologistsand
dReservoiren gineersinvolvvedinintegratedreservoir studies.

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

Uponcompletionofthecoursse,participanttswill:
To understand thee objectives of integrated reserrvoir studies ;
To be able to identify each stage of geological m
model constructtion ;
To be able to use dedicated softw
ware tools for roock typing (EassyTraceTM) and geomodeling (PPetrelTM) ;
To understand geoostatistical methods used for sstatic model connstruction ;
To be able to crosss-check modeling results ;
To know principless applied to quaantify in-place hhydrocarbons inn reservoirs.

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Hands-on
H
with ddedicated softwaares for rock typping (EasyTracceTM) and geom
modeling (Petre
elTM)

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
BA
ASICPRINCIIPLESRESEERVOIRCHA
ARACTERIZA
ATIONWOR
RKFLOW

0.5d
day

Introduction and objectivess. Case study: field presentatioon

PR
ROJECTORG
GANIZATION
N

0.5d
day

Project definnition. Data QC


C and summary table
Data managgement. Well daata loading
Manipulatingg scripts and ExxcelTM macross

ST
TRUCTURALMODELING
G

1.5d
days

Structural coontext. Well corrrelation and strratigraphic dataa analysis


Constrainingg static model with
w dynamic daata
Generating surfaces. Pickinng horizons andd faults on seis mic
Reservoir laayering. Structural modeling. Mapping
M
reservooir structures
Modeling results QC

RO
OCKTYPING
GANDPROP
PERTYMOD
DELING

1.5d
days

Scaling up loogs - Comparisson with rock types


Geostatistical tools
Facies modeeling Rock typing (EasyTracceTM)
Petrophysical modeling
Mapping ressult for QC: gross thickness, N-t-G,
N
reservoir properties

VO
OLUMECALLCULATIONANDUNCE
ERTAINTIES
Volumetrics: quantification of accumulation for selected pparameters
Sensitivity sstudy on parameeters
Key parameeters determination for risk asssessment

1d
day

WELLLLOG INTERPRETA
ATION
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Geooscientists andd technicians having


h
an expperience in quaalitative log intterpretation annd willing to peerform quantitaative
reservoir evaluatioon. Participantss should know tthe principles and
a applicationss of common w
wireline logging tools and musst be
useed to perform a quicklook (lithoology, porosity, Rw, Sw)

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

To perform sound quality-control and environmeental correction of logs


To determine Rt, Rxo,
R Di
To identify shales,, reservoirs, shaaly reservoirs aand zones with complex
c
litholog
gy
To determine log interpretation paarameters
To evaluate shale content of reseervoirs, and appply shale and hyydrocarbon corrrections
To perform quantittative log interppretations in casse of water andd oil based mud
To determine poroosity and permeeability
To determine net sand,
s
net reservoir and net paay thickness
To integrate presssure measurements and NMR data
To draw a cross-section betweenn 2 near-by wellls and comparee results
To learn about muulti-mineral interrpretation

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Select teaching m
methods: Use of
o a petrophysiccs software for llog interpretatioon all along the course

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
PR
REPARATION
NFORQUA
ANTITATIVE
EINTERPRETTATION

1d
day

Petrophysical concepts andd relationships. Quality controll of the data


Determinatioon of geologicaal formations annd reservoirs ZZonations. Envvironmental corrrections of logs - Determination of Rt, Rxo, Di
Case studiees n1 & 2 (wateer and oil basedd muds)

INTERPRETATTIONOFCLEEANFORMA
ATIONS

1d
day

Ratio, Rwa)
Determinatioon of fluid contaacts (WOC, GO
OC). Determinattion of matrix and fluid parame
eters, Rw (SP, R
Determinatioon of lithology, porosity, fluid tyype, water and hydrocarbon saturations
Cross plots techniques: N-D-S, Pe-RHOB
B, K-Th, etc.. Caase studies n1 & 2

INTERPRETATTIONOFSHA
HALYFORMA
ATIONS(DEETERMINIST
TICAPPROA
ACH)

2.5d
days

Influence of shale on logginng tool responsse - Introductionn to complex lithhology - D-N cro
ossplot
Determinatioon of shale paraameters, shale content Vsh annd effective porrosity
Hydrocarbonn effects on loggs and hydrocarrbon correction . Determinationn of water and hydrocarbon
h
saaturations (varioous equations)
Comparisonn of porosity andd permeability results
r
to core ddata (PHI-K relaationship and SCAL)
S
Determinatioon of net sand, net reservoir and net pay thiccknesses and asssociated chara
acteristics (Vsh , H, Phie, So)
Case studiees n1 & 2: integgration & interpretation of presssure tests and NMR data, if available
Cross-sectioon between wells and compariison of interprettation results

OT
THERINTER
RPRETATION
NMETHODSS
Introduction to the multi-mineral model and general optim
mization methodd. Case study n3
n

0.5d
day

W
WELLLO
OGINT
TERPR
RETATIONON
NCOM
MPUTEER
ClassticsorCaarbonateCaseStudies
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Geooscientists and technicians intterested in usin g a petrophysiccal interpretation software for rreservoir evaluaation

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

To provide a thoroough and practical understannding of methodds applied to id


dentify and chaaracterize reserrvoirs in clasticcs or
carrbonate environment, using petrophysical anaalysis software
To perform log quaality control andd environmentaal correction, with the determination of Rt, Rxoo, Di
To identify shales,, reservoirs, shaaly reservoirs aand zones with complex
c
litholog
gy
To determine log interpretation paarameters, evaaluate the shale content of rese
ervoirs, apply shhale and hydrocarbon correctiions
To perform quantittative log interppretations for claastics or carbonnates environments
To determine and compare effecttive and core poorosities and peermeabilities
To integrate presssure measurements and NMR data when avaailable
To perform reservoir summationss: determine neet sand, net reseervoir and net pay
p thickness a nd associated parameters
p
To draw a cross-section betweenn 2 or more neaar-by wells
To learn about muulti-mineral interrpretation

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Course
C
can be foocused on interrpretation in onee environment ssolely, either cllastics or carbon
nate, with the uuse of either Geeolog of Paradiggm
Geophysical
G
or Innteractive Petroophysics IP of Senergy
S

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
WELLLOGINT
W
TERPRETATTIONINCLA
ASTICSORCCARBONATEEENVIRONM
MENT(DETTERMINISTIICAPPROAC
CH)
Petrophysical concepts andd relationships. Distribution of clays in the rocck and influence
e of clay on loggging tool respoonse
Logs of two near-by wells, vertical and deviated, recordeed in water and oil based mud

PR
ROCESSING(similartoclasticsand
dcarbonateeenvironments)
Quality conttrol of the data - Log editing, loog depth matchiing and SP basseline shift
Pre-computaations and enviironmental corrections of logs - Determinationn of Rt, Rxo, Di
Determinatioon of reservoir intervals and fluuid contacts (W
WOC, GOC)
Determinatioon of lithology, matrix and fluidd parameters, R
Rw (SP, Ratio, Rwa, Pickett)
Cross-plots techniques andd interaction witth logs: N-D-S, Pe-RHOB, K-T
Th, etc.
Determinatioon of shale paraameters and shhale content Vssh. Hydrocarbonn effects on logs and hydrocarrbon correction
Determinatioon of effective porosity,
p
water and hydrocarboon saturations (various
(
equatio
ons - complex llithology)
Comparisonn of effective poorosity and perm
meability to coree data (PHI-K and
a SCAL) and NMR data, wheen available
Integration oof rock types annd facies analyssis results.
Facies variaations and faciees analysis on near-by
n
wells - K
K-Phi law per faacies type Pc vs. Sw
Integration aand interpretatioon of pressure measurementss
Reservoir suummations: cutt-offs, determinaation of net sannd, net reservoir, net pay thickn
ness and assocciated characteristics
Cross-sectioon between thee 2 wells and coomparison of ressults (Vsh, H, Phie,
P
So, HPhiS
So). Introductionn to multimineraal approach

PRO
OSPEC
CTEVA
ALUATIO
ONR
RISKSANDV
VOLUM
MES
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Geooscientists, technical or non-teechnical managgers interested in prospect asssessment

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

To provide a practical, comprehhensive undersstanding of thaat part of the E&P value chaain that deals with the technnical
evaaluation of an exxploration asseet
To understand thee workflow usedd to define a proospect
To estimate and manage
m
OHIP parameters
p
To understand riskks and uncertainties
To master methodd of OHIP calculation
To make use of reesults deduced from HCIP calcculation
To review fundamental concepts of portfolio mannagement
To understand expploration strateggies

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Several practicall exercises

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
EX
XPLORATION
NPROSPEC
CTCONVERSSIONINPOTTENTIALREESERVOIR

1d
day

Well potential productivity assessment


a
Potential Fieeld Developmennt Plan. Anticipated productionn profiles

PLA
AYASSESSM
MENT

1d
day

Data collecting. Basin poteential assessmeent


Regional coontext - Petroleuum trilogy
Trapping. Relative timings of events

PR
ROSPECTAN
NALYSIS&EEVALUATIO
ON

2d
days

Source rockk estimation


Seismic andd well data interrpretation
Cross correllation & integraation with seismic data
Structural hiistory & Timing of HC expulsioon and Migrationn
Exploration maturity status significance
OHIP calculation parameteers - Evaluation of uncertaintie s
Assessmentt consistency
OHIP determ
minist and stochhastic assessm
ment
Prospect shheet generation
Uses of the prospect evaluation
Transition too dynamics andd economics

RISSKANALYSIIS
Definition off risk and uncerrtainties
Geological rrisks (reservoir, trap, HC conseervation)
mings) - Probability of successs - Consequencces for econom
Fluid contennt risks (source rock, maturatioon, migration, tim
mics

1d
day

SEISSMICP
PETRO
OPHYSIICSAN
NDROCKPR OPERT
TIES
(SRCSEISMICRESEERVOIRCH
HARACTERIZ
ZATION)
Duuration5daays

TA
ARGETEDA
AUDIENCE

Geoologists, geophhysicists and resservoir engineeers with basic knnowledge in geophysics

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

To understand thee relationship beetween physicaal properties of rocks and geop


physics
To master the main steps of seissmic reservoir ccharacterizationn workflow, to perform QC andd to assess datta to be interpreeted
andd related uncerttainties
To interpret majoor results of petroelastic
p
anaalysis and moodeling, AVO-A
AVA and Inverrsion studies and
a to understtand
metthodological isssues in seismic inversion, attribbutes classificaation and reservvoir properties pprediction

WAYSAND
W
MEANS
Innteractive preseentations, docum
ment analysis

Workshop
W
on casse study and workflow.
w
Team work result preesentation.

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
SEEISMICRESEERVOIRCHA
ARACTERIZA
ATION

Seismic reseervoir characterization. Methods & scale issuues

RO
OCKPHYSIC
CS

Rock physiccs theory introoduction & basicc concepts. Inflluence of key parameters
Practical Roock Physics main
m influent facctors - Rock Phyysics Model

PH
HYSICSAND
DAVOPRINCIPLES

Why AVO? W
Wave propagattion
Seismic dataa prerequisites

CA
ALIBRATION
N

Objectives & workflows. Reeview of recommended waveleet extraction tecchniques


Real case eexample: Multi-w
well calibration. Wavelet deconnvolution

AV
VOINPRAC
CTICE

Introduction to AVO interprretation


AVO seismoofacies. AVO class. AVO faciees volume

INVERSION

Introduction to Inversion off seismic data. Post-stack


P
and pre-stack inverrsion
Validating and interpreting inversion results

REESERVOIRP
PROPERTIESSPREDICTIO
ON

Attribute claassification. Tecchniques of preddiction


Validation off characterizatioon results

CA
ASESTUDY:WORKFLOWANALYSIIS

FO
ORM
MAT
TION
NSA
ADV
VANCED
D
EOR
R

2.. Rcuppration
n amlio
ore enn champ
ps matu
ures (EO
OR)

RECUP
PERATTIONA
AMELIO
OREESSENCH
HAMPPSMAT
TURESS
(ENHANCED
DOILRECOV
VERY)

WHOSHOU
W
ULDATTEN
ND?
Reservoir Engineers with a few years of experience.
e

OB
BJECTIVESS

To understannd the drive meechanisms, by injecting


i
water , miscible gas and how to improve the recov
overy by injectinng alternatively gas
and water

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
Thiis course, detaailed in next pages
p
/ file, proovides a compplete screeninng of the EOR methods usedd in the petroleum industry..
It includes a onee week introdduction sessioon including reeminders to reservoir
r
engineering workfflow and an overview
o
of drive
meechanisms from
m primary to EOR
E methods.
Detailed sessionns of one weekk duration will be dedicated to the main faamilies of EOR
R methods, m
miscible, thermal, and chemical.
Thee last week w
will focus on specific
s
methoods to improvee recovery suuch as zone shutoff;
s
detaileed informationn on sand conntrol
devvices will be pprovided duringg this end weeek.

EORTRA
AININGCOURSES

WEEK1
REMIND
DERSRESERV
VOIRENGIN EERING&IN
NTRODUCTIO
ONTOEOR5DAYS

LEA
ARNINGOB
BJECTIVE
To provide foundaational conceptss for

To remind to the attendees basics items onn reservoir eval uation and folloow-up.
To provide prreliminary inform
mation on drivee mechanisms fform primary to EOR.

CO
OURSEINFO
ORMATION

Teaching meethods: Daily lecctures followed by hands-on seessions interaactive pedagogy.

OURSECONTENT
CO
RE
ESERVOIR
R ENGINE
EERING WORKFLOW
W
W
Introduction rreservoir engineeering
ST
TATIC AND
D DYNAM
MIC RESER
RVOIR CH
HARACTER
RISATION
N EVALU
UTION TOO
OLS
The reservoirr (source rock / trap / geology & geophysics),
Petrophysics (Porosity/perm
meability/ ..), pollyphasic flow
Fluid characterization (samppling / analysis / PVT, oil/gas, ..)
Formation evvaluation (logginng OH & CH, RFT-MDT,
R
)
Dynamic chaaracterization (teests, productionn logging, ..)
Static & dynaamic models: annalytical and gridded
DR
RIVE MEC
CHANISMS
S
Primary recovvery: depletion,, naturals gas and
a water drive
Secondary reecovery : non miscible
m
gas andd water injectionn
EOR ( enhannced oil recoverry ) : miscible, thermals, chem
mical methods
ESERVOIR
R MONITO
ORING & IN
NTERVEN
NTIONS
RE

Managementt reservoir and field


f
monitoringg
- Perrmanent & tempporary devices, Production alloocation, Seismic 4d,
Typical wells interventions
- W&
&GSO, Work Ovvers,..

EORTRA
AININGCOURSES

WEEK2
CHEMICALM
C
METHODSP
POLYMERSIN
NJECTION/SSURFACTANT
TS/ALKALINE
ES/USEOFFFOAM/IMPROVEDWATEER
INJEECTION5D
DAYS

LEA
ARNINGOB
BJECTIVE
To provide foundaational conceptss on Chemical methods
m
for EO
OR

CO
OURSEINFO
ORMATION
Teaching meethods: Daily lecctures followed by hands-on seessions interaactive pedagogy.
The workshop includes bothh individual work (exercises) annd team work (case studies).
Selection of illustrative exerccises and case studies.

CO
OURSECONTENT
IN
NTRODUCT
TION TO CH
HEMICAL EOR
E

Introduction to EOR and CE


EOR
Buckley Levverett applied too CEOR, theoryy and exercises

PO
OLYMER IN
NJECTION

Polymer theory
Laboratory eexperiment
Polymer floooding in reservooir
Cases studyy
Exercises (ppolymer)

SU
URFACTAN
NT INJECTIION

Surfactant theeory
Laboratory exxperiment
SP in reservooir
Cases study
Exercises (S and SP)

AL
LKALINE IINJECTION
N

Alkaline theoory
Laboratory eexperiment
ASP in reserrvoir
Cases studyy
Exercises (A
ASP)

FO
OAM INJEC
CTION

Theory
exercises

EORTRA
AININGCOURSES

WEEK3
THERMA
ALMETHODSS5DAYS

LEA
ARNINGOB
BJECTIVE
Proovide deep insigght into thermall recovery methhods working froom the basic phhysical principle
es into a discusssion of the various engineering
impplementations inn the field, proccess testing by laboratory expeeriments on drivve mechanismss, SCAL and PVVT for thermal processes,
p
surrveillance in thee field. Analyticaal formulations will
w be presenteed for a first-passs design of the
ermal EOR projjects. Numericaal modelling issues
speecific to thermall EOR will be diiscussed in detail. Learning wiill be supportedd by numerous exercises.
e

CO
OURSEINFO
ORMATION
Teaching meethods: Daily lecctures followed by hands-on seessions interaactive pedagogy.
The workshop includes bothh individual work (exercises) annd team work (case studies).
Selection of illustrative exerccises and case studies.

CO
OURSECONTENT
GE
ENERAL IN
NTRODUCT
TION INTO THERMAL
L METHODS
S;

How do therrmal methods im


mpact fractional flow and thereefore affect rem
maining oil saturation
Impact of theermal methods on residual oil saturation
Estimate scoope for enhanceed recovery.

BA
ASIC PRINC
CIPLES OF
F HOT WAT
TER AND S
STEAM DRIIVES

Latent heat vvs. sensible heat


Basic principples of hot wateer drives and steeam drives, cycclic steam injecction (huff-and-p
puff)
Viscous fingering in steam drives vs. wateer drives; Sweepp efficiency of hot
h water and steam drives.
Steam drive in fractured resservoirs
Gravity drainnage and impacct of capillary foorces on ultimatte recovery
Steam distillation and therm
mal solution gass drive
Impact of brine salinity on thermal solutionn gas drive
Issues in numerical modelliing
SCAL meassurement issuees around therm
mal EOR; residdual oil measuured in the labo
oratory vs. fieldd Design of SC
CAL measurem
ment
programs
VT on crude in the presence of
o brine.
Measurement requirementss for thermal PV

IN
N-SITU COM
MBUSTION

wet versus ddry combustion


Reverse com
mbustion;
Fuel requirements
Estimating ssweep efficiencyy

SA
AGD

Monitoring teechniques trackking thermal froonts


Screening crriteria for therm
mal EOR.

EORTRA
AININGCOURSES

WEEK4
MISCIBLEG
GASINJECTIO
ON5DAYS

LEA
ARNINGOB
BJECTIVE
To provide foundaational conceptss for

Understandinng the drive mechanisms by injecting water, m


miscible gas
Seeing how tto improve the recovery
r
by injeecting alternativvely gas and waater

CO
OURSEINFO
ORMATION
This course iss presented thrrough a project, based on a reaal case.
m
for waterr injection and Eclipse
E
300 com
mpositional moddel.
Participants wwill use Eclipse 100, black oil model
The workshop includes bothh individual work (exercises) annd team work (case studies).
Selection of illustrative exerccises and case studies.

CO
OURSECONTENT
TH
HEORETIC
CAL REMIINDERS

Gravity displaacement by lean gas


Miscible displacement by leaan and rich gass
Miscible floodding parameterss (phase behavvior, Minimum M
Miscibility Presssure)
Displacement by Water,Alteernate Gas methhod

EO
OR BY GA
AS INJECT
TION PROJ
JEC
In this
t course/project the particippants will use Eclipse 100 and Eclipse 300 too optimize the ultimate recoverry from a North Sea Field by EOR
E
gass injection technniques includingg WAG.
A fuull field history m
matched model and a segmennt model extract
cted from the FF
FM are available
e for the evaluaations.
Thee field is underggoing water floooding and the average reservooir pressure is maintained
m
close to initial reserrvoir pressure.
Botth hydrocarbonn and non hydrrocarbon near miscible gasess are available for injection an
nd the participaants will determ
mine the best EOR
E
proocess and injecttants for optimizzing the producction from the fieeld.
In particular
p
the m
merits of WAG will
w be studied and
a the participaants will determ
mine the approp
priate injectant, wag cycle and the optimum WAG
W
ratio.

EORTRA
AININGCOURSES

WEEK5
WATERSHUTOFFZonneisolation
Sandcontrrol5DAYS

LEA
ARNINGOB
BJECTIVE
To provide foundaational conceptss for

Wells intervention to control unexpected fluuids production


Methods to aachieve sand coontrol on wells

CO
OURSEINFO
ORMATION
Theoretical reeminders can be
b presented if necessary.
n
The workshop includes bothh individual work (exercises) annd team work (case studies).
Selection of illustrative exerccises and case studies.
CO
OURSECONTENT
PR
RODUCTIO
ON LOGG
GING

Diagnostic - IIdentification off section to conttrol


eter, temperatuure, holdup metter
Tools for acquisition of mainn parameters: caliper, flowmeteer, gradiomanoometer, manome
Production loog record (case study)
Determinationn of the fluid veelocities and thee fluid densitiess in the well
Pressure andd temperature measurements
m
Flow characteerization and modelling
m
(Flow Scan Imager)
Production loog interpretationn: interpretation of a set of prodduction logs byy hand and also with the EMER
RAUDE softw
ware (Kappa
Engineering)

IN
NTRODUCT
TION TO WELLBOR
W
RE TREAT
TMENTS

Stimulation: aacidizing, hydraaulic fracturing


Horizontal draain specificity: interest,
i
reservooir-wellbore inteerface

WATER
W
SHUT-OFF

Interventions: Work-over - Through


T
Tubing
Water & gas control: Packerr straddle paccker

SA
AND CONTROL

Different typees of sand contrrol devices Gravel pack: OHG P, CHGP, MUO
OHGP - SAS
Application foor Vertical & Hoorizontal wells
Pros & cons impact on Skin / comparisonns

3.. Sismiqque offsshore et


e imageerie salifre

FO
ORM
MAT
TION
NSA
ADV
VANCED
D
SISM
MIQ
QUEOFFFSHO
OREIMA
AGEERIE
SALIFEERE
AvecclaparrticipattiondeCGG

OFFSHO
ORESEISM
MICSUB
BSALTIMA
AGINGTRA
AININGCO
OURSES

WEEK1
SUB
BSALTIMAG
GINGADVAN
NCED5DA
AYS

PU
URPOSE
mprehensive oveerview of challeenges and methhodologies for subsalt
s
imaging.
Too provide a com

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

Understand S
Subsalt inversioon challenges
How to reducce uncertaintiess by building souund velocity moodels
Familiarize w
with an integrateed workflow, from interpretationn to velocity moodel validation.
Review the raange of technollogies currentlyy available from Kirchhoff to Fuull Waveform Inversion.
Use of multilaayer inversion to reduce turnarround time

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
Thee course deals with methodoloogies to solve specific subsalt imaging challennges:

Poor illumination & shadow zone


salt overhangg
Rugose top ssalt
Subsalt veloccity anomalies
Multiple contaamination
TTI anisotroppy in mini basin
Imaging algorithm fidelity
Dirty ( avec eevaporites, anhyydrites, shistes,..) versus cleann salt/Dirty salt Carapace ( Shale & carbonatees)

ONTENTDAYI
CO
Evolution of DData Acquisitionn
NAZ, MAZ, W
WAZ to FAZ
Evolution of M
Multiple Suppreession technology
Radon, 2D SRME, 3D SRME, to FAZ 3D SRME
S

CO
ONTENTDAYII

Evolution of A
Anisotropic imaaging Technologgy
Isotropic, Verrtical , Tilt and Orthorhombic
O
anisotropy
a

CO
ONTENTDAYIII

Evolution of B
Beam Migrationn
Kirchhoff, Gaaussian Beam, Controlled
C
Beam
m , least Squarre Controlled Beam
B
Migrationss

CO
ONTENTDAYIV

Evolution of B
Beam Migrationn
Kirchhoff, Gaaussian Beam, Controlled
C
Beam
m , least Squarre Controlled Beam
B
Migrationss

CO
ONTENTDAYV

Evolution of V
Velocity Inversioon Technology
Vertical updaate, Global tomoography, VTI annd TTI tomograaphy, High Residual tomograph
hy, Full wave foorm inversion
DAY x: Interaactive salt imaging
Interpretationn of top of salt, base
b
of salt, topp of overhangs,, base of overhangs

OFFSHO
ORESEISM
MICSUB
BSALTIMA
AGINGTRA
AININGCO
OURSES

WEEK2
MARIINEACQUIST
TIONANDA
ACQUISITION
NDEEPOFF
FSHORE5DAYS

PU
URPOSE
mprehensive oveerview of Marine Acquisition, S
Survey Design and
a Data Proce
essing for Deepp and Ultra-Deeep water surveyys.
Too provide a com

LEEARNINGO
OBJECTIVES

Understand the marine Worrk Environment


Understand the role of the different
d
offshoree departments
Review the different survey designs for deeep water surveyys
Understand the impact of Ulltra-Long offsets for Seismic Im
maging for Deep water surveyss

CO
OURSECO
ONTENT
CO
ONTENTDAYI
Introduction tto Marine Working Environmennt
Review of Seeismic General principles
Navigation Department & Poositioning
Recording Deepartment.
Gun Mechanics Departmentt
ONTENTDAYII
CO

Geoscience D
Department
Onboard Processing and Daata Quality Conntrol
Geometry 2D
D, 3D Marine
Marine Operaations: Constraints & Difficultiees

CO
ONTENTDAYIII
Introduction tto HD and HR Surveys
S
Broadband M
Marine Acquisitioons: Futures annd Benefits
Broadband PProcessing, Broaadband Vs Connventional

CO
ONTENTDAYIV
Wide Azimuthh Surveys (WAZ)- Gulf Of Mexxico
Introduction tto WAZ Processsing
Comparison W
WAZ Vs NAZ Surveys
S
CO
ONTENTDAYV

StagSeis : Thhe Full-Azimuthh Marine Imaginng Solution- Gu lf of Mexico


Survey Desiggn
Overview of S
StagSeis Proceessing Workflow
w & Results
Continuous R
Recording Techhnique