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exploration&production

Rosa,

Impressive
scope,
outstanding
achievement

Pursuing
the conquest
of the deep
offshore
Yves-Louis Darricarrre

President,
Exploration&Production

Despite the huge challenges involved in tying


theRosa field back to the Girassol FPSO extreme
conditions, very deep waters and highly complex
offshore works it took Total, Sonangol and their
partners in Block 17 less than three years to achieve
their goals. Near by to the Girassol field, which
development had set a new milestone in oil industry
history by securing access to hydrocarbons in very
deep waters, the Rosa Project gave Total a new
opportunity tobuild on its acknowledged expertise in
this area.
Through its development of Block 17, an ideal
proving ground for innovation with its numerous
discoveries and projects, Total has succeeded in
sharpening its leading-edge know-how, addressing
each new challenge with bold and innovative
development concepts. Such projects have
demonstrated the Groups ability to manage complex,
large-scale undertakings; adapt its technological
solutions; and enforce its commitments
toenvironmental preservation and human safety.
Following the successful completion of the landmark
Dalia project, brought on stream in December 2006,
Total has now scored a new and major success
withRosa.
Orchestrated by the Group, Rosa is the product of
thewin-win collaboration nurtured with Sonangol and
the partners in Block 17. Once again, by writing this
new chapter in the history of deep-offshore
development, Total has contributed to Angolas rise
through the global hierarchy of hydrocarbonproducing nations.

A complex
project,
an exemplary
achievement
Jean-Pierre Dordan

Project Director, Rosa

With the completion of the Rosa development,


representing an investment of US$2.5 billion,
theGroup took a new step toward optimizing
thevalue of Angolas resources and its own assets
inBlock 17. Moreover, this feat was achieved in
accordance with project deadlines by Total,
Sonangol, the partners and all the projects
contractors and suppliers, thanks to an ongoing
strategy of anticipation and seamless coordination
between all parties involved. The output from the
Rosa development (145,000 barrels per day) will
feed into the Girassol-Jasmim hub to prolong plateau
production.
In addition to the technical challenges stemming
from the size of the reservoir, the magnitude of
thecapacity upgrading works performed without
interrupting production on the Girassol FPSO and
thedifficulties associated with mobilizing a large
number of people working on simultaneous offshore
operations, Rosa is noteworthy for the innovation
inherent in a long tie-back project. Moreover,
bymaking a systematic priority of encouraging local
content, Rosa Project created opportunities for
Angolan construction yards to fabricate numerous
pieces of the puzzle. Finally, thanks to installed new
Rosa processing units onboard the FPSO, the Group
is achieving further progress toward its reduction
targets for greenhouse gas emissions and produced
water discharge.
But Rosa is more than a world-class technical
achievement: for those who took part in its design,
fabrication and installation, the project will be
remembered as an extraordinary human experience.
It was my privilege to manage the integrated team
incharge of this daunting task, and I take great pride
in the caliber of our accomplishments. I take
thisopportunity to thank all the personnel, partners
and contractors in Angola, Europe and Asia who
played a part in the successful completion of
thisoutstanding project.

Rosa:
Block 17 enters
a new phase

Rosa: a strategy geared to optimization

Concessionaire:
Sonangol
(Sociedade Nacional de Combustveis de Angola)

Partners:

02

Total E&P Angola (operator):

40%

Esso Exploration Block 17 Limited:

20%

BP Exploration Angola Limited:

16.67%

Statoil Angola Block 17 AS:

13.33%

Norsk Hydro Dezassete a.s.:

10%

Rosa was discovered in 1998, 135 kilometers off the coast of Angola. While smaller than the neighboring Girassol and Dalia fields,
it is nonetheless one of the major reservoirs of Block 17 the stage
on which the Group has chosen to demonstrate the full range of its
deep-offshore talents. The development scheme revolves around a
subsea network tying the fields two main reservoirs into the Girassol FPSO, moored some fifteen kilometers away. It consists of 14
producing wells, 11 water injection wells and four, four-slot subsea
manifolds. A network of 225 kilometers of flowlines and umbilicals
is producing Rosas resources at an estimated rate of 145,000 barrels per day plateau. A Bundled Hybrid Offset Riser (BHOR) tower
standing 1,200 meters tall transfers fluids to and from the Girassol
FPSO, where extensive upgrading works were performed to boost
capacity and accommodate the installation, hookup and start-up
of seven new dedicated modules and other equipment to process
Rosas production.
Driven by sustainability imperatives, the choice of a tie-back solution
offers several advantages: it capitalizes on infrastructure already in
place the Girassol FPSO to develop the fields reserves, and it
extends the production plateau of the Girassol-Jasmim-Rosa development center. By finding a viable solution for a project for which
stand-alone development was perhaps not the most economical
choice at the time, Total adds a new subsea flower to Angolas
bouquet. At the same time, Rosa rounds out the already rich palette
of technologies that the Group has mastered and can adapt to the
most extensive and daring developments of the deep offshore.

145,000

barrels
per day
plateau

Extracting value from two reservoirs

370 million barrels

Adjacent to discoveries made on Girassol


andJasmim, the Rosa 1 well drilled in 1998,
followed by Rosa 2 and 3 drilled in early 1999
and late 2000 respectively, revealed Oligocene
accumulations under 1,350 meters of water.
Rosa will be produced from two main channels
called D and E. Lying 1,000 to 1,500 meters
below the mudline, the reservoirs contain
crude oil similar to the Girassol oil. Proved
and probable reserves total 370 million barrels
(100%).

Block 17

of proved and probable


reserves

Girassol: a contemporary success


story not yet ended
Unmatched. With the production of first oil
on December 4, 2001, the Girassol project
set new records in the realm of the deep
offshore; its pioneering achievements were
consecrated by the global oil industry with
the2003 OTC Award. In addition to its status
as the worlds most extensive development
insuch deep waters (on the order of
1,400meters), Girassol incorporates
anunprecedented number of technological
innovations, which helped to push back
thelimits of feasibility and secure an output
capacity of 200,000 barrels per day.
Fromthe start of the project, Total set its
sights on the future. After the Girassol exploit,
the satellite field Jasmim was tied into the
Girassol FPSO in order to sustain a production
plateau of nearly 250,000 barrels per day.
Today, with the advent of production from
Rosa, a new chapter in the history of Girassol
has begun. Representing an additional
145,000 barrels of oil per day, Rosa will
contribute to sustaining the plateau
production of the Girassol-Jasmim-Rosa hub
through 2010 or beyond.
03

>>

The epic of Block 17


The development of Angolas Block 17 has marked the history of
the global oil and gas industry, with fifteen discoveries to date and
an extraordinary production potential. Through its outstanding
management of the Girassol development in 2001, Total paved
theway to economic production of Angolas deepwater resources.
Now that Dalia one of the largest deepwater fields currently in
production and Rosa are on stream, the production level of the
hub has more than doubled in 2007 from its 2003 level of
250,000barrels of oil per day. In Block 17, Total and its partners
are currently in the midst of an initial development phase that will
shift into higher gear with the advent of other major projects including Pazflor, now in the bidding process, and CLOV (CravoLirio-Orquidea-Violeta), under study. For Total, the key to extracting maximum value from Block17 lies in a relentless quest for
innovation coupled with top-notch expertise, put to the test of each
new development.

Key dates
1992:
Award of Block 17 to the international
oil consortium, with Total as operator.

Early 1999:
Drilling of the Rosa 2 exploration well
and discovery of the Rosa E reservoir.

1996-2002:
Series of 15 discoveries in this Block.

End 2000:
Drilling of the Rosa 3 appraisal well
confirming the potential of the reservoirs.

January 1998:
Drilling of the Rosa 1 exploration well
and discovery of the Rosa D reservoir
at a water depth of 1,350 meters.

04

December 4, 2001:
First oil on Girassol.
2003:
Tie-back of the Jasmim satellite field
toGirassol.

July 30, 2004:


Project sanction for Rosa by Sonangol.
August 2004:
Award of the main contracts
of theRosa Project.
December 13, 2006:
First oil on Dalia.
June 18, 2007:
First oil on Rosa.

June

18, 2007

first oil
onRosa

DEsIgN aND
faBrICaTIoN: a TrULy
gLoBaL UNDErTaKINg

ToTaL IN aNgoLa:
a ParTNErsHIP
for THE LoNg TErM

KEy DaTEs
December 2004:
Start of fabrication of the Christmas trees.
March 2005:
Start of fabrication of the FPSO modules
and assembly of the subsea manifolds.

ENVIroNMENTaL PrEsErVaTIoN

May 2005:
Start of fabrication of Pipe in Pipe quad
joints.

Before the Rosa Project was launched, a comprehensive study


was carried out to assess the social and environmental impacts
of development and operation. The findings were submitted to
the Angolan authorities and validated. This study supplemented
those already completed in 2000 and 2001 in relation to the
Girassol and Jasmim projects respectively.

25 WELLs/145,000 BarrELs PEr Day


Two drillships handled the entire drilling campaign
on Rosa. The Saipem 10000 arrived on site in December
2005 and is performing most of the drilling. This dual
derrick vessel can carry out several operations
simultaneously, thereby minimizing drilling time.
In September 2007, the drillship Pride Angola arrived
from the neighboring Dalia eld and joined
the Saipem 10000 for the remainder of the drilling
campaign, scheduled to last until mid-2008.

December 2005:
Start of riser tower assembly.

Additionally, all onshore fabrication works carried out in sensitive areas were analyzed through a specific environmental impact
assessment that was also submitted to the authorities for validation. The aim here was to identify potential risks to local flora
and fauna and define action plans to mitigate them. The teams
were especially attentive to the impact of the riser tower assembly
works, its storage in a lagoon adjacent to the Petromar fabrication
yard in Soyo, and its transport to the site.
This commitment to environmental preservation is also reflected
in efforts by Total and its partners to increase the water treatment
capacity of the Girassol FPSO. With the start-up of Rosa, all produced water (including water from Girassol and Jasmim) is reinjected into the reservoirs: there is no more discharge into the
sea. Furthermore, the Group found a solution for curbing greenhouse gas emissions using an innovative process for inerting,
venting and capturing gaseous emanations from the FPSO storage tanks. Associated gas is also reinjected to avoid flaring to the
atmosphere.

sUCCEssfUL MaNagEMENT of a LargE-sCaLE ProJECT


Designing and fabricating the plant and equipment needed to develop the Rosa reservoirs called on leading-edge know-how from contractors in several different countries. Thousands of men and women
in Norway, the United Kingdom, India, France, Angola, the United
States and Belgium committed their expertise to this project, completed within the allotted deadlines. Enforcing a systematic policy of
local content among its contractors, Total has contributed to building
the momentum of the local industry through its priority on giving as
much work as possible to the Angolan oil services sector. By pooling
all these energies, Total and its partners have helped the country take
a new step toward extracting maximum value from its resources.

Total is present on eight


licenses and operator
on four of them. Offshore,
the Group is operator
on Blocks 3 and 17, and
has successful exploration
campaigns under way
in the ultra-deep waters
(to depths of 2,500 meters)
of Block 32. In 2007,
Total finalized agreements
to acquire interests in
the exploration licenses for
Blocks 15/06 and 17/06,
and is operator of the latter.

LoCaL CoNTENT: TraNsfErrINg KNoW-HoW IN aNgoLa


The contractual strategy deployed by Total aimed to
maximize the benefits for the Angolan economy. The
momentum created in the countrys oil services
industry as seen by the construction of extensive
infrastructure translated to nearly three million
hours of work for Angolas onshore fabrication yards
and logistical hubs.
07

10

> In soyo, Petromar was awarded the contract to perform final assembly and testing of the manifolds, and
fabrication of the manifold foundations and support
structures. This yard also handled the prefabrication
of production and water injection flowlines, and the
riser tower assembly.
> In Lobito, Sonamet took charge of fabrication for the
substructure of Module M4, the guides for the instal-

lation of Modules M1 and M4, and the fabrication of


Modules M7A and M7B.
> In Luanda, Portumo prefabricated the components
of deck reinforcement and supporting structures for
the new equipment and modules, in addition to all of
the interconnection piping.
> also in Luanda, FKI/Friedlander handled fabrication
and testing of the well jumpers and guide bases.
05

rosa:
AN OPTIMIZED
DEVELOPMENT SCHEME
Key dates
December 2005:
>Start of the drilling campaign by the
drillship Saipem 10000.
>Arrival of the flotel Regalia and
commencement of integration works
onboard the Girassol FPSO.
June 18, 2007:
First oil from the Rosa E reservoir.
July 21, 2007:
Start production from the Rosa D reservoir.
September 2007:
Start of the drilling campaign by
the drillship Pride Angola.
October 2007:
Start of water injections.

A drilling campaign begun in December


2005, scheduled to last until mid-2008,
mobilizing two drillships.
Two subsea installation campaigns: one
from February to May 2006 and the other
from November 2006 to March 2007.
Two lifting campaigns to install the modules
in October 2006 and February 2007.
06

FPSO:
>Hull dimensions: 300 m x 60 m x 31 m
>Storage capacity: 2 million barrels
>Weight of the topsides: 23,500 tonnes
+ 5,600 tonnes of additional equipment
dedicated to the Rosa development
(including 300 tonnes of temporary
structures required during
the installation phase)
>Crude oil production: increased
to 270,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Liquids processing capacity: increased
to 450,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Water treatment capacity: increased
to 300,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Water injection capacity: increased
to 700,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Gas injection: 8 million cubic meters
>Power generating capacity: 3 x 25 MW
>Capacity of living quarters: 180 people

SPS:
>14 producing wells
>11 water injection wells
>4 production manifolds, 4 slots each
>Multiphase metering on each
producing well

SURF:
>2 Pipe in Pipe production loops
(8 x 12), for 64 kilometers
>2 water injection lines (10),
for 40 kilometers
>1 Bundled Hybrid Offset Riser (BHOR)
tower, a concept developed by Saipem,
1,200 meters high, anchored 140 meters
west of the FPSO
>4 umbilicals (54 kilometers),
for monitoring and control of manifolds
and producing wells
>4 umbilicals (15 kilometers),
for monitoring and control of water
injection wells
>4 service lines (3), (52 kilometers)

Reservoirs:
>Outflow temperature: 65C
>Initial pressure: 270 bar

Highly insulated production


flowlines

INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS

The subsea network that carries Rosa crude


consists of 64 kilometers of production
flowlines insulated using ITPs
Pipe in Pipe technology. Each line consists
of two concentric tubes. IzoflexTM,
an insulating material, is inserted in
theannulus and a vacuum (air at 10 mbara)
iscreated. Swaged joints (pressure-formed
joints) are used to assemble the pipe
sections.

Inner pipe

Outer pipe

Resin
Double wall sleeve

Preventing hydrate formation


Given the significant distance between the reservoirs and the
FPSO, the low subsea temperatures (maximum 4C), and the
high pressures involved, transporting the fluids from the subsea
installations to the topsides is a challenge that only compounds
the difficulties of the Rosa tie-back: the fluids must be kept at a
temperature sufficient to allow processing and prevent hydrate
formation. To cope with these stringent thermal constraints, the
Group relied on sophisticated numerical calculation models and
conducted full-scale tests to qualify the chosen technological
solutions. The purpose of this approach was to define the highly
insulated subsea production system and flowlines and guarantee
their thermal performance. In the event of a production shutdown, the fluids can be maintained above 20C for 21 hours in
the manifolds, for 8 hours in the Christmas trees and jumpers,
and for 21 hours in the flowlines and risers. From its outflow
temperature of 50C, the crude must reach the FPSO process
modules nearly 20 kilometers away at no less than 35C.
The choice of Pipe in Pipe technology for the production flowlines
and risers, the use of a riser tower, highly insulated manifolds
and wellheads and the installation of subsea multiphase metering
constitute a package of innovative solutions selected by Total that
make this gigantic industrial puzzle such an outstanding example
of offshore technology.

Riser tower: innovative design


The new concept (BHOR) implemented for the riser anchored to the west of the Girassol
FPSO is another major innovation of the Rosa Project, combining highly effective thermal
insulation and buoyancy. The 1,200-meter-tall structure comprises four production risers
(8 x 17) of Pipe in Pipe technology, along with two water injection risers (10) and
four gas lift lines associated with the 8 production flowlines. The entire assembly is
wrapped in syntactic foam which holds it together around a central steel tendon (18)
and contributes to the structures buoyancy. The riser tower is stabilized in vertical
position thanks to the syntactic foam components and a steel buoyancy tank 6 meters in
diameter and 35 meters high.

rosa:
AN OPTIMIZED
DEVELOPMENT SCHEME
Key dates
December 2005:
>Start of the drilling campaign by the
drillship Saipem 10000.
>Arrival of the flotel Regalia and
commencement of integration works
onboard the Girassol FPSO.
June 18, 2007:
First oil from the Rosa E reservoir.
July 21, 2007:
Start production from the Rosa D reservoir.
September 2007:
Start of the drilling campaign by
the drillship Pride Angola.
October 2007:
Start of water injections.

A drilling campaign begun in December


2005, scheduled to last until mid-2008,
mobilizing two drillships.
Two subsea installation campaigns: one
from February to May 2006 and the other
from November 2006 to March 2007.
Two lifting campaigns to install the modules
in October 2006 and February 2007.
06

FPSO:
>Hull dimensions: 300 m x 60 m x 31 m
>Storage capacity: 2 million barrels
>Weight of the topsides: 23,500 tonnes
+ 5,600 tonnes of additional equipment
dedicated to the Rosa development
(including 300 tonnes of temporary
structures required during
the installation phase)
>Crude oil production: increased
to 270,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Liquids processing capacity: increased
to 450,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Water treatment capacity: increased
to 300,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Water injection capacity: increased
to 700,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Gas injection: 8 million cubic meters
>Power generating capacity: 3 x 25 MW
>Capacity of living quarters: 180 people

SPS:
>14 producing wells
>11 water injection wells
>4 production manifolds, 4 slots each
>Multiphase metering on each
producing well

SURF:
>2 Pipe in Pipe production loops
(8 x 12), for 64 kilometers
>2 water injection lines (10),
for 40 kilometers
>1 Bundled Hybrid Offset Riser (BHOR)
tower, a concept developed by Saipem,
1,200 meters high, anchored 140 meters
west of the FPSO
>4 umbilicals (54 kilometers),
for monitoring and control of manifolds
and producing wells
>4 umbilicals (15 kilometers),
for monitoring and control of water
injection wells
>4 service lines (3), (52 kilometers)

Reservoirs:
>Outflow temperature: 65C
>Initial pressure: 270 bar

Highly insulated production


flowlines

INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS

The subsea network that carries Rosa crude


consists of 64 kilometers of production
flowlines insulated using ITPs
Pipe in Pipe technology. Each line consists
of two concentric tubes. IzoflexTM,
an insulating material, is inserted in
theannulus and a vacuum (air at 10 mbara)
iscreated. Swaged joints (pressure-formed
joints) are used to assemble the pipe
sections.

Inner pipe

Outer pipe

Resin
Double wall sleeve

Preventing hydrate formation


Given the significant distance between the reservoirs and the
FPSO, the low subsea temperatures (maximum 4C), and the
high pressures involved, transporting the fluids from the subsea
installations to the topsides is a challenge that only compounds
the difficulties of the Rosa tie-back: the fluids must be kept at a
temperature sufficient to allow processing and prevent hydrate
formation. To cope with these stringent thermal constraints, the
Group relied on sophisticated numerical calculation models and
conducted full-scale tests to qualify the chosen technological
solutions. The purpose of this approach was to define the highly
insulated subsea production system and flowlines and guarantee
their thermal performance. In the event of a production shutdown, the fluids can be maintained above 20C for 21 hours in
the manifolds, for 8 hours in the Christmas trees and jumpers,
and for 21 hours in the flowlines and risers. From its outflow
temperature of 50C, the crude must reach the FPSO process
modules nearly 20 kilometers away at no less than 35C.
The choice of Pipe in Pipe technology for the production flowlines
and risers, the use of a riser tower, highly insulated manifolds
and wellheads and the installation of subsea multiphase metering
constitute a package of innovative solutions selected by Total that
make this gigantic industrial puzzle such an outstanding example
of offshore technology.

Riser tower: innovative design


The new concept (BHOR) implemented for the riser anchored to the west of the Girassol
FPSO is another major innovation of the Rosa Project, combining highly effective thermal
insulation and buoyancy. The 1,200-meter-tall structure comprises four production risers
(8 x 17) of Pipe in Pipe technology, along with two water injection risers (10) and
four gas lift lines associated with the 8 production flowlines. The entire assembly is
wrapped in syntactic foam which holds it together around a central steel tendon (18)
and contributes to the structures buoyancy. The riser tower is stabilized in vertical
position thanks to the syntactic foam components and a steel buoyancy tank 6 meters in
diameter and 35 meters high.

rosa:
AN OPTIMIZED
DEVELOPMENT SCHEME
Key dates
December 2005:
>Start of the drilling campaign by the
drillship Saipem 10000.
>Arrival of the flotel Regalia and
commencement of integration works
onboard the Girassol FPSO.
June 18, 2007:
First oil from the Rosa E reservoir.
July 21, 2007:
Start production from the Rosa D reservoir.
September 2007:
Start of the drilling campaign by
the drillship Pride Angola.
October 2007:
Start of water injections.

A drilling campaign begun in December


2005, scheduled to last until mid-2008,
mobilizing two drillships.
Two subsea installation campaigns: one
from February to May 2006 and the other
from November 2006 to March 2007.
Two lifting campaigns to install the modules
in October 2006 and February 2007.
06

FPSO:
>Hull dimensions: 300 m x 60 m x 31 m
>Storage capacity: 2 million barrels
>Weight of the topsides: 23,500 tonnes
+ 5,600 tonnes of additional equipment
dedicated to the Rosa development
(including 300 tonnes of temporary
structures required during
the installation phase)
>Crude oil production: increased
to 270,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Liquids processing capacity: increased
to 450,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Water treatment capacity: increased
to 300,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Water injection capacity: increased
to 700,000 barrels per day with Rosa
>Gas injection: 8 million cubic meters
>Power generating capacity: 3 x 25 MW
>Capacity of living quarters: 180 people

SPS:
>14 producing wells
>11 water injection wells
>4 production manifolds, 4 slots each
>Multiphase metering on each
producing well

SURF:
>2 Pipe in Pipe production loops
(8 x 12), for 64 kilometers
>2 water injection lines (10),
for 40 kilometers
>1 Bundled Hybrid Offset Riser (BHOR)
tower, a concept developed by Saipem,
1,200 meters high, anchored 140 meters
west of the FPSO
>4 umbilicals (54 kilometers),
for monitoring and control of manifolds
and producing wells
>4 umbilicals (15 kilometers),
for monitoring and control of water
injection wells
>4 service lines (3), (52 kilometers)

Reservoirs:
>Outflow temperature: 65C
>Initial pressure: 270 bar

Highly insulated production


flowlines

INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS

The subsea network that carries Rosa crude


consists of 64 kilometers of production
flowlines insulated using ITPs
Pipe in Pipe technology. Each line consists
of two concentric tubes. IzoflexTM,
an insulating material, is inserted in
theannulus and a vacuum (air at 10 mbara)
iscreated. Swaged joints (pressure-formed
joints) are used to assemble the pipe
sections.

Inner pipe

Outer pipe

Resin
Double wall sleeve

Preventing hydrate formation


Given the significant distance between the reservoirs and the
FPSO, the low subsea temperatures (maximum 4C), and the
high pressures involved, transporting the fluids from the subsea
installations to the topsides is a challenge that only compounds
the difficulties of the Rosa tie-back: the fluids must be kept at a
temperature sufficient to allow processing and prevent hydrate
formation. To cope with these stringent thermal constraints, the
Group relied on sophisticated numerical calculation models and
conducted full-scale tests to qualify the chosen technological
solutions. The purpose of this approach was to define the highly
insulated subsea production system and flowlines and guarantee
their thermal performance. In the event of a production shutdown, the fluids can be maintained above 20C for 21 hours in
the manifolds, for 8 hours in the Christmas trees and jumpers,
and for 21 hours in the flowlines and risers. From its outflow
temperature of 50C, the crude must reach the FPSO process
modules nearly 20 kilometers away at no less than 35C.
The choice of Pipe in Pipe technology for the production flowlines
and risers, the use of a riser tower, highly insulated manifolds
and wellheads and the installation of subsea multiphase metering
constitute a package of innovative solutions selected by Total that
make this gigantic industrial puzzle such an outstanding example
of offshore technology.

Riser tower: innovative design


The new concept (BHOR) implemented for the riser anchored to the west of the Girassol
FPSO is another major innovation of the Rosa Project, combining highly effective thermal
insulation and buoyancy. The 1,200-meter-tall structure comprises four production risers
(8 x 17) of Pipe in Pipe technology, along with two water injection risers (10) and
four gas lift lines associated with the 8 production flowlines. The entire assembly is
wrapped in syntactic foam which holds it together around a central steel tendon (18)
and contributes to the structures buoyancy. The riser tower is stabilized in vertical
position thanks to the syntactic foam components and a steel buoyancy tank 6 meters in
diameter and 35 meters high.

DEsIgN aND
faBrICaTIoN: a TrULy
gLoBaL UNDErTaKINg

ToTaL IN aNgoLa:
a ParTNErsHIP
for THE LoNg TErM

KEy DaTEs
December 2004:
Start of fabrication of the Christmas trees.
March 2005:
Start of fabrication of the FPSO modules
and assembly of the subsea manifolds.

ENVIroNMENTaL PrEsErVaTIoN

May 2005:
Start of fabrication of Pipe in Pipe quad
joints.

Before the Rosa Project was launched, a comprehensive study


was carried out to assess the social and environmental impacts
of development and operation. The findings were submitted to
the Angolan authorities and validated. This study supplemented
those already completed in 2000 and 2001 in relation to the
Girassol and Jasmim projects respectively.

25 WELLs/145,000 BarrELs PEr Day


Two drillships handled the entire drilling campaign
on Rosa. The Saipem 10000 arrived on site in December
2005 and is performing most of the drilling. This dual
derrick vessel can carry out several operations
simultaneously, thereby minimizing drilling time.
In September 2007, the drillship Pride Angola arrived
from the neighboring Dalia eld and joined
the Saipem 10000 for the remainder of the drilling
campaign, scheduled to last until mid-2008.

December 2005:
Start of riser tower assembly.

Additionally, all onshore fabrication works carried out in sensitive areas were analyzed through a specific environmental impact
assessment that was also submitted to the authorities for validation. The aim here was to identify potential risks to local flora
and fauna and define action plans to mitigate them. The teams
were especially attentive to the impact of the riser tower assembly
works, its storage in a lagoon adjacent to the Petromar fabrication
yard in Soyo, and its transport to the site.
This commitment to environmental preservation is also reflected
in efforts by Total and its partners to increase the water treatment
capacity of the Girassol FPSO. With the start-up of Rosa, all produced water (including water from Girassol and Jasmim) is reinjected into the reservoirs: there is no more discharge into the
sea. Furthermore, the Group found a solution for curbing greenhouse gas emissions using an innovative process for inerting,
venting and capturing gaseous emanations from the FPSO storage tanks. Associated gas is also reinjected to avoid flaring to the
atmosphere.

sUCCEssfUL MaNagEMENT of a LargE-sCaLE ProJECT


Designing and fabricating the plant and equipment needed to develop the Rosa reservoirs called on leading-edge know-how from contractors in several different countries. Thousands of men and women
in Norway, the United Kingdom, India, France, Angola, the United
States and Belgium committed their expertise to this project, completed within the allotted deadlines. Enforcing a systematic policy of
local content among its contractors, Total has contributed to building
the momentum of the local industry through its priority on giving as
much work as possible to the Angolan oil services sector. By pooling
all these energies, Total and its partners have helped the country take
a new step toward extracting maximum value from its resources.

Total is present on eight


licenses and operator
on four of them. Offshore,
the Group is operator
on Blocks 3 and 17, and
has successful exploration
campaigns under way
in the ultra-deep waters
(to depths of 2,500 meters)
of Block 32. In 2007,
Total finalized agreements
to acquire interests in
the exploration licenses for
Blocks 15/06 and 17/06,
and is operator of the latter.

LoCaL CoNTENT: TraNsfErrINg KNoW-HoW IN aNgoLa


The contractual strategy deployed by Total aimed to
maximize the benefits for the Angolan economy. The
momentum created in the countrys oil services
industry as seen by the construction of extensive
infrastructure translated to nearly three million
hours of work for Angolas onshore fabrication yards
and logistical hubs.
07

10

> In soyo, Petromar was awarded the contract to perform final assembly and testing of the manifolds, and
fabrication of the manifold foundations and support
structures. This yard also handled the prefabrication
of production and water injection flowlines, and the
riser tower assembly.
> In Lobito, Sonamet took charge of fabrication for the
substructure of Module M4, the guides for the instal-

lation of Modules M1 and M4, and the fabrication of


Modules M7A and M7B.
> In Luanda, Portumo prefabricated the components
of deck reinforcement and supporting structures for
the new equipment and modules, in addition to all of
the interconnection piping.
> also in Luanda, FKI/Friedlander handled fabrication
and testing of the well jumpers and guide bases.
05

DEsIgN aND
faBrICaTIoN: a TrULy
gLoBaL UNDErTaKINg

ToTaL IN aNgoLa:
a ParTNErsHIP
for THE LoNg TErM

KEy DaTEs
December 2004:
Start of fabrication of the Christmas trees.
March 2005:
Start of fabrication of the FPSO modules
and assembly of the subsea manifolds.

ENVIroNMENTaL PrEsErVaTIoN

May 2005:
Start of fabrication of Pipe in Pipe quad
joints.

Before the Rosa Project was launched, a comprehensive study


was carried out to assess the social and environmental impacts
of development and operation. The findings were submitted to
the Angolan authorities and validated. This study supplemented
those already completed in 2000 and 2001 in relation to the
Girassol and Jasmim projects respectively.

25 WELLs/145,000 BarrELs PEr Day


Two drillships handled the entire drilling campaign
on Rosa. The Saipem 10000 arrived on site in December
2005 and is performing most of the drilling. This dual
derrick vessel can carry out several operations
simultaneously, thereby minimizing drilling time.
In September 2007, the drillship Pride Angola arrived
from the neighboring Dalia eld and joined
the Saipem 10000 for the remainder of the drilling
campaign, scheduled to last until mid-2008.

December 2005:
Start of riser tower assembly.

Additionally, all onshore fabrication works carried out in sensitive areas were analyzed through a specific environmental impact
assessment that was also submitted to the authorities for validation. The aim here was to identify potential risks to local flora
and fauna and define action plans to mitigate them. The teams
were especially attentive to the impact of the riser tower assembly
works, its storage in a lagoon adjacent to the Petromar fabrication
yard in Soyo, and its transport to the site.
This commitment to environmental preservation is also reflected
in efforts by Total and its partners to increase the water treatment
capacity of the Girassol FPSO. With the start-up of Rosa, all produced water (including water from Girassol and Jasmim) is reinjected into the reservoirs: there is no more discharge into the
sea. Furthermore, the Group found a solution for curbing greenhouse gas emissions using an innovative process for inerting,
venting and capturing gaseous emanations from the FPSO storage tanks. Associated gas is also reinjected to avoid flaring to the
atmosphere.

sUCCEssfUL MaNagEMENT of a LargE-sCaLE ProJECT


Designing and fabricating the plant and equipment needed to develop the Rosa reservoirs called on leading-edge know-how from contractors in several different countries. Thousands of men and women
in Norway, the United Kingdom, India, France, Angola, the United
States and Belgium committed their expertise to this project, completed within the allotted deadlines. Enforcing a systematic policy of
local content among its contractors, Total has contributed to building
the momentum of the local industry through its priority on giving as
much work as possible to the Angolan oil services sector. By pooling
all these energies, Total and its partners have helped the country take
a new step toward extracting maximum value from its resources.

Total is present on eight


licenses and operator
on four of them. Offshore,
the Group is operator
on Blocks 3 and 17, and
has successful exploration
campaigns under way
in the ultra-deep waters
(to depths of 2,500 meters)
of Block 32. In 2007,
Total finalized agreements
to acquire interests in
the exploration licenses for
Blocks 15/06 and 17/06,
and is operator of the latter.

LoCaL CoNTENT: TraNsfErrINg KNoW-HoW IN aNgoLa


The contractual strategy deployed by Total aimed to
maximize the benefits for the Angolan economy. The
momentum created in the countrys oil services
industry as seen by the construction of extensive
infrastructure translated to nearly three million
hours of work for Angolas onshore fabrication yards
and logistical hubs.
07

10

> In soyo, Petromar was awarded the contract to perform final assembly and testing of the manifolds, and
fabrication of the manifold foundations and support
structures. This yard also handled the prefabrication
of production and water injection flowlines, and the
riser tower assembly.
> In Lobito, Sonamet took charge of fabrication for the
substructure of Module M4, the guides for the instal-

lation of Modules M1 and M4, and the fabrication of


Modules M7A and M7B.
> In Luanda, Portumo prefabricated the components
of deck reinforcement and supporting structures for
the new equipment and modules, in addition to all of
the interconnection piping.
> also in Luanda, FKI/Friedlander handled fabrication
and testing of the well jumpers and guide bases.
05

lOcatiOnS OF rOSa
PrOJect deSign
and FabricatiOn
SiteS

NORWAY
Invergordon

Washington

USA

Houston

Moss

Dunfermline
Newcastle

New Delhi

UNITED KINGDOM

Chenai

London
Brussels

Soyo
Girassol

Oslo

Kongsberg

Luanda

Paris

BELGIUM

Seilles

Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines
Emerainville
Saint-Nazaire
Vlizy

Lobito

FRANCE

ANGOLA
SPS
SURF
FPSO - Engineering and the ICSS (integrated control and safety system)
FPSO - Fabrication and Assembly

SPS
main contractor: FkS
FkS-norway/kongsberg
> management
> engineering of systems and interfaces
> Prefabrication of some manifold parts
and well hookup components
> control and monitoring system
Fmc-united kingdom/dunfermline
> wellheads
> christmas trees
Fki/Friedlander-angola/luanda
> guide base fabrication and testing
> Jumper fabrication and testing
Petromar-angola/Soyo
> manifold foundations (ccF) and support
structures (mSS)
> Final fabrication of manifolds, assembly
and testing
> integration and testing of the subsea
production system (SPS)

SurF
main contractor: Saipem
Saipem-France/Saint-Quentin-en-yvelines
> management
> engineering and procurements
tissot-France/Saint-nazaire
> riser tower foundation and buoyancy
tank
isleburn mackay & macleodunited kingdom/invergordon
> upper and lower structures of the riser
tower
wellstream-united kingdom/newcastle
> Flexible hoses connecting the riser tower
to the FPSO
kOP-norway/moss
> umbilicals
trelleborg crP-uSa/houston
> Syntactic foam components for riser
tower buoyancy system

Petromar - angola/Soyo
> Production owlines, Pipe in Pipe
technology
> water injection lines
> riser tower assembly

liFting OPeratiOnS
On the FPSO
acergy
> early Small lift: transport and lifting of
substructure of module m4, installation
guides for modules m1 and m4, free-fall
life boat, temporary crane for hu
heerema
> transport and lifting of modules m1, m2,
m4, m5 and m6
Saipem
> transport and lifting of modules m7a
and m7b

Pau

FPSO
main contractor for engineering and
the icSS (integrated control and safety
system): Sofresid
Sofresid-France/Pau and Parisindia/chenai
> engineering and assistance in
procurements of materials and equipment
yokogawa-France/vlizy
> control and safety system
main contractor for Fabrication and
assembly: Ponticelli
Ponticelli-France/merainville
> management of fabrication and
assembly
c.t.i. (Ondeo) - belgium/Seilles
> Fabrication of module m5

Fos-sur-Mer

Portumo-angola/luanda
> Prefabrication of reinforcing and
supporting structures for the
new equipment and modules and
all interconnection piping
Portumo/Spie/Prezioso-angola/girassol
> Offshore assembly works and hookup
to girassol
Sonamet-angola/lobito
> Fabrication of modules m7a and m7b
> Fabrication of the substructure of
module m4
> Fabrication of installation guides for
modules m1 and m4
logistical support for works on board
the FPSO: Prosafe
> chartering of the Flotel regalia

eiffel-France/Fos-sur-mer
> Fabrication of modules m1, m2, m4 and m6
> Fabrication of the free-fall life boat
structure
11

A closely monitored
campaign of works
on board the FPSO
Key figures
>22 months of work on an FPSO in full swing.
>1,400 people working in shifts.
>More than 2 million productive man-hours
worked on the FPSO without interrupting
production.
>5,600 tonnes of equipment, piping and
structures (including 300tonnes of
temporary structures) added to the FPSO.
>7 modules ranging in weight from 110to
1,700 tonnes.
> 57 days of scheduled production shut-down.
>420 tonnes of reinforcements and
supporting structures for equipment and
modules.
>300 tonnes of temporary structures
to allow modules installation.
> 750 tonnes of scaffolding.
>165 km of electrical and instrumentation
cables.
>620 tonnes of pipes (3,200 spools for
interconnection and hookup with existing
infrastructure and between modules and
new equipment).
>407 tie-ins (Rosa pipes are branched to
existing pipes).
12

FPSO, an organization geared to performance


The main challenge of Rosa Project pertained to upgrading the
capacity of the Girassol FPSO without interrupting production. Over
a period of nearly 22 months, some 5,600 tonnes of structures,
pipes and equipment had to be installed and connected to the existing systems of this giant floater, and connected to the existing
infrastructure. Demanding flawless coordination among the various
teams, the job was completed by achieving more than two million
productive man-hours onboard the Girassol FPSO, with 400 people
mobilised offshore at the complex at all times all in keeping with
the overriding imperatives of environmental preservation, respect
for human safety and integrity of the installations. Seven new modules, reinforcement of existing structures, installation guides, supporting structures, pipes, electrical interconnections and a host of
other equipment were added to the Girassol FPSO to perform the
operations specific to Rosa: separation of the oil, seawater desalination, treatment of produced water and water injection, gas lift, power
generation, injection of methanol and pumping of dead oil to ensure
preservation of sub-sea systems, and monitoring and control of all
subsea equipment and Christmas trees.

5,600 tonnes
of additional
structures,
piping and
equipment

Key dates
> June 2005: Commencement of
preparations works on the FPSO.
> September 2005: First lifting operation
on the Girassol FPSO with the Seaway
Polaris.
> December 2005: Linking of the
logistical support platform Regalia
to the FPSO.
> May-June 2006: Production
shut-down and tie-in operations for
future connection of Rosa to Girassol;
five-year inspection andmaintenance
works.
> October 2006: Start of heavy lifting
operations on the Girassol FPSO,
installation of five modules.
> February 2007: Installation of the last
two modules (M7A and M7B).

Offshore logistics on par with the project


>The Regalia is a dynamic-positioning, semi-submersible
unit for logistical support (flotel). Linked to the FPSO by
atelescopic bridge, the Regalia has rooms for 400 people
and about fifty offices to accommodate the personnel
working on Girassol or involved in operations performed by
the Regalia. It is also equipped with a large storage area
and a prefabrication area.
>Three crane vessels: Seaway Polaris, Thialf,
Saipem S3000.
>Two subsea installation vessels for flowlines, umbilicals
and the riser tower: Saipem FDS and S3000.
>Two dedicated supply vessels.
>Numerous tugs and cargo barges.
>Helicopters and boats for personnel transfer.

> June 2007: Production shut-down


toconnect Rosas integrated control
andsafety system to the existing
Girassol system.
> June 18, 2007: First oil on Rosa.

Safety: leaving nothing to chance


The extensive campaign of offshore works on the FPSO mobilized
nearly 1,400 people in shifts and involved a number of risky activities that had to be carried out simultaneously. With crane vessels for
lifting and transfer operations, logistical support and supply vessels
sharing the work zone with drillships and pipelay vessels, the area
was extremely crowded, prompting Total to make error-free safety
management its highest priority. By implementing a strategy based
on early assessment of the risks related to the Simops (simultaneous
operations) and defining the roles and responsibilities of everyone
working on Rosa and the rest of Block 17, the Group made safety
the primary focus not only for Total personnel, but also for its contractors workers, all of whom received special training to educate
them in the rigorous procedures required at every stage of development. This approach was rewarded with the outstanding safety
record achieved: nearly three million man-hours were completed on
the FPSO Girassol-Flotel Regalia complex without a single incident.

13

THE SUBSEA
INSTALLATION
IN IMAGES

KEY DATES
February to May 2006:
1st subsea installation campaign,
consisting of:
> installation of manifold and riser
tower foundations,
> laying of two water injection lines
and two production loops
(Pipe-in-Pipe),
> installation of manifolds,
> installation of riser protection
structures.

November 2006 to February


2007: 2nd subsea installation
campaign consisting of:

14

> towing to site and installation


of the riser tower,
> installation of the spools at
the base of the riser tower and
the flexible jumpers,
> installation of the manifold
spools,
> laying of umbilicals and service
lines.

Design production:
Photos credits: Stphane
de Bourgies, Thierry
Gonzalez, Laurent Pascal,
Olivier Robinet, DR/Total,
DR/Saipem
Infographics: Bip Info, Id.
Total - August 2007

15

TOTAL S.A. Capital stock: 6,062,232,950 euros-542051180 RCS Nanterre


Exploration & Production-Paris
2, place de la Coupole-La Dfense 6-92400 Courbevoie Cedex-France
Tel. 33(0)147444546
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Avenue Larribau-64018 Pau Cedex-France
Tel. 33(0)559834000
Total E&P Angola-Luanda
Avenida 4 de Fevereiro, n37-Luanda-Angola
Tel. (244)2672200 - Fax (244) 2672661
www.total.com