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SECTION 08 63 00

METAL-FRAMED SKYLIGHTS
PART 1 GENERAL
To be read with Division 1 - General Requirements, Conditions of Contract, all
related Technical Specifications and associated drawings of this Contract.
Comply with all requirements of LEED prerequisites and applicable Credits as
required on this Contract.
1.1

SECTION INCLUDES
A.

1.2

1.

Structural design, engineering and fabrication of complete metal


framed skylight system, including aluminum framing, structural
Steel framing with integral closures, trim, perimeter flashing etc
as indicated on Drawings.

2.

Glass and glazing for metal framed skylight system including


gaskets, sealants, spacers, blocking and related materials.

3.

Fasteners, anchors and related reinforcement of framing system


as required to resist design loads.

4.

Installation of entire metal framed skylight system.

5.

Systems for operable portions of skylights support brackets etc.

6.

Test the system for leakage, etc.

RELATED SECTIONS:
A.

1.3

Section Includes: Metal-framed skylights for applications using flat


glass or metal panel infill, including below:

This schedule is intended to be used as a helpful indication of the


related sections within the Project Specifications. It is not necessarily
comprehensive or complete and it is the Contractors responsibility to
ascertain all applicable sections required to understand the full scope
of work intended.
1.

Section 07 84 00

Fire Stopping

2.

Section 07 92 00

Joint Sealants

3.

Section 08 71 00

Door Hardware

4.

Section 08 80 00

Glazing

REFERENCES
A.

The minimum standards for products specified in this section shall be


including as under but not limited to the following. Except as otherwise
specified herein, perform work in accordance with specifications, codes
and standards cited therein, and their latest applicable addenda and

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supplements. Where there is conflict between the referenced standards


the most stringent of the conditions/requirements shall be applicable.
B.

C.

American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM):


1.

ASTM A36

- Standard specification for Carbon Structural


Steel.

2.

ASTM A123

- Standard specification for Zinc (Hot Dip


Galvnised) Coatings on iron and steel
products.

3.

ASTM B209

- Standard specification for Aluminium and


Aluminium alloy sheet and plate.

4.

ASTM B221

- Standard Specification for Aluminium and


Aluminium alloy extruded bars, rods, wire,
profiles and tubes.

5.

ASTM C509

- Cellular Elastomeric Preformed Gasket and


Sealing Material.

6.

ASTM C794

- Test Method for Adhesion-in-Peel


Elastomeric Joint Sealants.

7.

ASTM C864

- Dense
Elastomeric
Compression
Gaskets, Setting Blocks and Spacers.

8.

ASTM C1036 - Specification for Flat Glass.

9.

ASTM C1048 - Specification for Heat-Treated Flat Glass, Kind


HS,.Kind FT Coated and Uncoated Glass.

10.

ASTM D1149 - Test Method for Rubber Deterioration Surface Ozone Cracking in a Chamber (Flat
Specimen).

11.

ASTM E283

- Test Method for Rate of Air Leakage Through


Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls and Doors.

12.

ASTM E330

- Test Method for Structural Performance of


Exterior Windows, Curtain Walls and Doors by
Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference.

13.

ASTM E331

- Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior


Windows, Curtain Walls and Doors by Uniform
Static Air Pressure Difference.

14.

ASTM E773

- Test Method for Seal Durability of Sealed


Insulating Glass Units.

15.

ASTM E774

- Standard Specification for Sealed Insulating


Glass Units.

of
Seal

Aluminum Association (AA):


1.

AA Specifications for Aluminum Structures.

2.

AA DAF-45 Designation System for Aluminium Finishes.

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D.

American Architectural Manufacturers Association (AAMA):


1.

AAMA 501

Methods for Test for Metal Curtain Walls.

2.

AAMA 603-98

Voluntary Specification, Performance


Requirements and Test Procedures for
High Performance Organic Coatings on
Aluminum Extrusions and Panels.

3.

AAMA 2604-98

Voluntary
Specification
for
High
Performance Organic Coatings on
Architectural Extrusions and Panels.

4.

AAMA GDSG-1

Glass Design for Sloped Glazing.

5.

AAMA SDGS-1

Structural
Design
Guidelines
Aluminum Framed Skylights.

6.

AAMA TSSGG-1

Two-Sided Structural Glazing Guidelines


for Aluminum Framed Skylights.

E.

BS EN 1991 Code of practice for wind loads.

F.

Flat Glass Marketing Association (GANA):


1.

G.

GANA Glazing Manual.

Insulating Glass Certification Council (IGCC):


1.

H.

for

IGCC Classification of Insulating Glass Units.

All applicable local codes, regulations, etc of Authorities having


Jurisdiction.
Note: Contractor shall note that he shall keep copies of all of the
referenced standards on the site and shall provide the Engineer
copy of the requested referenced standard as and when
requested.

1.4

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
A.

Performance Requirements
1.

Structural:
a.

Wind Loads: Wind speed of 40 m/s Comply with all


requirements of BS EN 1991-1-4.

b.

Deflection of Framing Member: When carrying full design


load.
i

Normal to Plane of Skylight: Not to exceed 1/175


of its clear span, with a maximum of 19mm.
Perimeter members not to exceed 10 mm
maximum deflection.

ii

Parallel to Plane of Skylight: Not to exceed 3mm.


Corner mullions to exceed 6mm at any time.

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2.

Embeds: Headed concrete studs welded to steel elements and


cast in place with structural concrete shall have a minimum
safety factor of 2.0 against ultimate failure. Unistrut type
concrete inserts shall have minimum safety factor of 3.0 against
ultimate failure. All drilled, expansion, or wedge type anchors
inserted into the concrete structure shall have a minimum safety
factor of 4.0 against ultimate failure.

3.

Air Infiltration: ASTM E283, not to exceed 0.06 cfm/sf of fixed


area using a pressure of 6.24 psf.

4.

Water Infiltration:

5.

a.

Static Water Penetration: ASTM E 331, using a pressure


of 12 psf. No uncontrolled water penetration allowed.

b.

Dynamic Water Penetration: AAMA 501.1. Using a


pressure of 12 psf. No uncontrolled water penetration
allowed.

Thermal:
a.

b.

1.5

Condensation Resistance Factor (CRF): AAMA 1503.1,


using one vertical rafter and one horizontal mullion and
four equal size lights, CRF to be not less than the
following:
i

Frame: Minimum 60.

ii

Glass: Minimum 55 for insulated units.

Movements: Provide for expansion and contraction of


component material as will be caused by metal
temperature range of 82 degrees centigrade without
causing harmful buckling. Failure of joint seals, undue
stress on fasteners or other detrimental effects.

SUBMITTALS
A.

General: Submit listed submittals in accordance with Conditions of the


Contract and Division 1 Submittal Procedures Section.

B.

Product Data: Submit product data, including manufacturer's SPECDATA product sheet. Include manufacturer's air and water resistance
test reports showing compliance with requirements specified
performance requirements. Test reports must show evidence that
system experienced no uncontrolled water leakage after 150% positive
and negative structural overload (ASTM E330) when system is retested
in accordance with ASTM E331 at a static pressure of 12 psf (573 Pa).
Include both published data and specific data prepared for this project.

C.

Shop Drawings: Submit shop drawings showing layout, profiles and


product components, including anchorage, accessories, finish colors,
patterns and textures.
1.

Submit shop drawings for approval prior to fabrication. Include


detailed plans, elevations, and details of framing members,

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glazing materials, sealants, fasteners, anchors and thicknesses


and types of formed flashing and closures and relationship with
adjacent materials. Indicate maximum horizontal and vertical
forces at rafters.
2.
D.

E.

Calculations: Submit calculations certified by a professional


engineer for review prior to fabrication.

Samples: Submit selection and verification samples for finishes, colors


and textures.
1.

Aluminum Finish: Submit color charts or range samples for initial


color selection. Submit finished sample of color selected for use
on metal coupons.

2.

Glazing Materials: Submit a verification sample, 12" square, of


the specified glass, including any integral tint, color, coating, or
frit pattern specified. Submit standard sealant colors for
selection and approval.

Quality Assurance Submittals: Submit the following:


1.

Design Data: Refer Performance Requirements above.

2.

Test Reports: Certified test reports showing compliance with


specified performance characteristics and physical properties.
a.

F.

1.6

Certification for Structural Sealant: Submit written


documentation from sealant manufacturer stating that the
sealant selected has been tested for adhesion and
compatibility on representative samples of metal, glass
and other glazing components, and that the sealant joint
design and application procedures shown on the shop
drawings are suitable for this project. Include list of
recommended
cleaning
methods,
priming
recommendations and results of adhesion tests for
sealants proposed for use on the project.

Closeout Submittals: Submit the following:


1.

Operation and Maintenance Data: Operation and maintenance


data for installed products in accordance with Division 1
Closeout Submittals (Maintenance Data and Operation Data)
Section. Include methods for maintaining installed products, and
precautions against cleaning materials and methods detrimental
to finishes and performance.

2.

Warranty: Warranty documents specified herein.

LEED SUBMITTALS
A.

Product Data for Credit MR4: For products having recycled content,
documentation indicating percentages by weight of recycled content.
Include statement indicating cost for each product having recycled
content.

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1.7

B.

Product Certificates for Credit MR5: For products and materials


required to comply with requirements for regional materials, indicate
location and distance from project of material manufacturer and point of
extraction, harvest or recovery. For each raw material include
statement indicating cost for each regional material and the fraction by
weight that is considered regional.

C.

Laboratory Test Reports for Credit IEQ 4.1: For adhesives used,
provide documentation indicating that products comply with the testing/
analysis requirements of SCAQMD Rule # 1168.

D.

Laboratory Test Reports for Credit IEQ 4.2: For paints and coatings,
documentation indicating that products comply with the testing/
analysis requirements of SCAQMD Rule # 1113.

QUALITY ASSURANCE
A.

Qualifications:
1.

Installer Qualifications: Installer experienced in performing work


of this section who has specialized in installation of work similar
to that required for this project in Oman for atleast 10 years.

2.

Manufacturer Qualifications: Manufacturer capable of providing


field service representation during construction.
a.

1.8

1.9

Manufacturer: Skylight systems shall be manufactured by


a firm with a minimum of ten (10) years experience in the
fabrication and installation of custom aluminum framed
skylights.

DELIVERY, STORAGE & HANDLING


A.

General: Comply with Division 1 Product Requirements Sections.

B.

Ordering: Comply with manufacturer's ordering instructions and lead


time requirements to avoid construction delays.

C.

Delivery: Deliver materials in manufacturer's original, unopened,


undamaged containers with identification labels intact. Sequence
deliveries to avoid delays, but minimize onsite storage.

D.

Storage and Protection: Store materials protected from exposure to


harmful weather conditions and at temperature and humidity conditions
recommended by manufacturer. Protect materials from damage from
sunlight, weather, excessive temperatures and construction operations.

PROJECT CONDITIONS
A.

Field Measurements: Verify actual measurements/openings by field


measurements before fabrication; show recorded measurements on
shop drawings. Coordinate field measurements and fabrication
schedule with construction progress to avoid construction delays.

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1.

1.10

1.11

WARRANTY
A.

Contractor shall provide warranty for the complete system for ten (10)
years agreeing to repair and/or replace the work which exhibits defects
in material or workmanship and guaranteeing weathertight and leakfree
performance and against abnormal aging or deterioration and failure to
perform as required. For coating, submit warranty for twenty-five (25)
years, defects may include but not limited to peeling, chipping, chalking
or fading. For glazing warranty is included in section 08 80 00 defects
may include but not limited to delamination, seal failure or deterioration
of film coatings.

B.

All the warranties should be effective from the date of substantial


completion.

EXTRA MATERIAL
A.

PART 2
2.1

Measurements: Take accurate field measurements before


preparation of shop drawings and fabrication. Do not delay job
progress; work from "guaranteed dimensions" and allow for field
trimming of perimeter flashing if taking field measurements
before fabrication is not possible.

Provide minimum of one (1) glazing unit per size for Owner's inventory.
Extra materials shall be properly labeled, boxed separately and stored
in a designated area acceptable to the Owner.

PRODUCTS

MANUFACTURED METAL-FRAMED SKYLIGHT UNITS


A.

Framing System:
1.

Framing Members: Comply with ASTM B221 shapes as shown


and as required to fulfill the performance requirements but not
less than 4mm thick. Fabricate from 6063-T5, 6063-T6, or 6061T6 extruded aluminum; temper and alloy as recommended by
the manufacturer for design loading, cross-sectional
configuration, fabrication requirements and required finish.
Include an integral gutter system to control water infiltration and
condensation.

2.

Provide framing members with flush condensation gutters. Do


not anchor sill members through integral secondary gutter area
on pitches less than 4 on 12 from horizontal.

3.

Structural Steel framing members shall confirm to ASTM A36


and shall be fabricated form Standard sections confirming with
performance requirements.

4.

Formed Flashing and Closures: Minimum 0.062 inch thick.

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5.

Condensation and Water Infiltration Control: Provide framing


system which will collect and channel condensation and water
infiltration to the exterior through baffled weep holes or drain
tubes in the sill or perimeter framing members.

6.

Fabricate work to be straight, plumb, level and square. Provide


work to sizes, shapes and profiles indicated on approved shop
drawings. Make work with uniform, tight joints.

7.

Use factory-performed heliarc welding with all exposed welds


finished to match adjacent material.
1.

2.

Finishes:
a)

Aluminium Finish: Super durable powder coating


as shown on the drawing or as selected by the
Engineer.

b)

Metal Cladding Finish: Same as Aluminium.

Glazing
Refer to Section 08 80 00

3.

4.

Glazing Requirements:
a.

Glass shall conform to applicable requirements of


ASTM C1036 and ASTM C1 048.

b.

Glass strengths shall be determined using AAMA


Glass Design for Sloped Glazing Guidelines.

c.

Glaze in accordance with GANA Glazing Manual


and glass fabricator's guidelines.

d.

Insulating glass construction shall be dual sealed


with primary seal of polyisobutylene and
secondary seal of two-part silicone equal to Dow
Corning 982.

e.

Insulating glass shall be IGCC Class A rated when


tested in accordance with ASTM E773 and E774.

Glazing Gaskets and Blocking:


a.

Continuous Cushion Below Glazing Materials:


Provide extruded, dense EPDM black rubber
gasket with 60 plus or minus 5 Shore A durometer
complying with ASTM C864.

b.

Continuous Spacer Above Glazing Materials:


Provide extruded, closed-cell, sponge EPDM black
rubber gasket complying with ASTM C509.

c.

Ozone Resistance: Fabricate gaskets of material


to withstand one part per million ozone for 500
hours at 20 percent elongation at 100 F when
tested in accordance with ASTM D1149.

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d.

5.

Silicone Rubber Gaskets: Provide silicone rubber


gaskets with Shore A hardness of 40 + 5 when
tested in accordance with ASTM C 1115.

Anchors and Fasteners:


a.

Provide cadmium plating for lag, sleeve and stud


bolt anchors not exposed to the weather.

b.

Provide anchors fabricated of stainless steel for


anchors exposed to the weather.

c.

Provide 300 Series stainless steel for bolted


connections may and fasteners exposed to the
weather, and where bolted connections penetrate
secondary gutter of sill member.

d.

Reinforce butt, mitered and expansion joint


framing member splices with internal aluminum
splice plates where possible; mechanically
fastened with stainless steel truss head fasteners
in accordance with the skylight manufacturer's
standard connection details.

6.

Thermal Breaks: Include thermal breaks in all members.


Provide thermal breaks tested as per AAMA TR A8 and
AAMA 505 for dry shrinkage and composite performance.

7.

Sealants:
a.

Skylight manufacturer shall be responsible for the


selection of sealants. Surfaces shall be cleaned
and primed as required to assure proper adhesion.
Sealants shall be applied in accordance with
sealant manufacturer's guidelines and joint
dimensions shown on approved shop drawings.

b.

Exterior metal to glass corner and cap seals shall


be black in color. Exposed metal to metal joints
shall be sealed with a standard color silicone
sealant.

c.

Sealants shall exhibit adequate adhesion to


samples of metal and glass when tested in
accordance with ASTM C 794.

d.

Structural sealants shall be compatible with all


contact components.

e.

For insulating glass, limit depth of silicone joint to


the design thickness of the exterior lite. Use
temporary clips to secure the purlin edges of the
glass unit in place until the silicone sealant has
fully cured. Comply with AAMA Structural Glazing
Guidelines for Aluminum Framed Skylights for
design and field procedures.

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2.2

RELATED MATERIALS
A.

2.3

SOURCE QUALITY
A.

PART 3
3.1

Compliance: Comply with manufacturer's product data, including


product technical bulletins, product catalog installation instructions, and
product carton instructions for installation.

Site Verification of Conditions: Verify substrate conditions (which have


been previously installed under other sections) are acceptable for
product installation in accordance with manufacturer's instructions.

PREPARATION
A.

3.4

EXECUTION

EXAMINATION
A.

3.3

Source Quality: Obtain metal-framed skylight materials from a single


manufacturer.

MANUFACTURER'S INSTRUCTIONS
A.

3.2

Related Materials: Refer to other sections listed in Related Sections


paragraph herein for related materials.

Preparation: Take field dimensions and examine conditions of


substrates, supports, and other conditions under which this work is to
be performed and notify Contractor, in writing, of circumstances
detrimental to the proper completion of the work. Do not proceed with
work until unsatisfactory conditions are corrected.

INSTALLATION
A.

Match profiles, sizes and spacings indicated on approved shop


drawings. Ensure that weep and condensation control system operates
properly.

B.

Coordinate installation with adjacent work such as roofing, sheet metal


and other work to ensure a complete weatherproof assembly. Anchor
work securely to supporting structure, but allow for differential and
thermal movement.

C.

Isolate between aluminum and dissimilar metals with a protective


coating or plastic strip to prevent electrolytic corrosion.
Site Tolerances: All support and adjacent construction will be held to
within + of theoretical.
Related Products Installation: Refer to other sections listed in Related
Sections paragraph herein for related products installation.

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3.5

3.6

FIELD TESTING
A.

Test Water hose test per AAMA 501.2

B.

Quantity: 3 tests Area and time of tests shall be as directed by


Engineer's Representative prior to acceptance.

C.

Depending upon prevalence or absence of leakage in intial water


penetration test, and upon measures adopted by Contractor to
eliminate sources of leakage, Engineer's Representative will detemine
necessity for (and scope of) additional tests.

D.

All Costs of additional test, including fees and costs incurred by the
Employer, Engineer's Representative and their consultants shall be
paid for by the Contractor.

ADJUSTING
A.

3.7

3.8

CLEANING
A.

Cleaning: Remove temporary coverings and protection of adjacent


work areas. Repair or replace damaged installed products. Clean
installed products in accordance with manufacturer's instructions prior
to owner's acceptance. Remove construction debris from project site
and legally dispose of debris.

B.

Clean exposed surfaces including metal and glass using non-abrasive


materials and methods recommended by manufacturer of material or
product being cleaned. Remove and replace work that cannot be
successfully cleaned.

C.

Reclean as necessary to prevent damage. Protect completed work


from damage and deterioration and inspect immediately before final
acceptance of project.

PROTECTION
A.

3.9

Adjusting: During installation, remove labels, part number markings,


sealant smears, handprints, and construction dirt from all components.
Touch-up damaged coatings and finishes and repair minor damage to
eliminate all evidence of repair. Remove and replace work which
cannot be satisfactorily repaired.

Protection: Protect installed product and finish surfaces from damage


during construction.

WASTE MANAGEMENT
A.

Submit a waste management profile of procedures to minimize waste


and recycle paper, cardboard/boxes, and debris in accordance with
LEED requirements as directed by the Engineer.
END OF SECTION

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