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Gulayan sa paaralan: A must in schools


By: Florentina B. Marquez

The National Greening Program of the government under E.O. No. 26 s. 2011 stressed the importance of making our
schools an avenue for effective implementation of Gulayan sa Paaralan Program. This project is tied up with the
Department of Agriculture-Bureau of Plant Industry, under DepEd Memorandum No. 191, s. 2013. It aims to promote
production of foods that are rich in protein, carbohydrates, vitamin A and iron as major input to school feeding. This
will also lessen nutritionally imbalanced or wasted students, and support the greening the environment.
The general objective of this project is to promote food security in schools and communities through self- help food
production activities and it also serves as an avenue to develop values among learners and inculcate appreciation of
agriculture as a life support system. This program has the following objectives:
1. To promote vegetable production in public elementary and secondary schools;
2. To establish and maintain school gardens as ready food basket/source of vegetables in sustaining supplementary
3. To serve as laboratory for learners;
4. To produce vegetables in the schools that are rich sources of protein, calorie, vitamins, and minerals and
eventually increase vegetables consumption and improve learners nutrition;
5. To showcase small-scale food production models;
6. To inculcate among learners the values of gardening, good health and nutrition, love of labor, and caring for others.
The importance of dignity and love of work among students may be harnessed even though we have non-agriculture
major teachers who are handling TLE subjects. Any schools could have a profitable and successful Gulayan sa
Paaralan if the school has dedicated and committed teachers/facilitators who would transfer their love and
appreciation of the importance of farming as valuable role in any society for they are responsible to feed the entire
country, thus this program will be an instrument to uphold the noblest occupation being a farmer.
The Da Basilia S. Quilon MHS is an implementer of the Gulayan sa Paaralan making use of their spacious school
site endowed with fertile soil creeping the shoulders of the bountiful Mt. Isarog. The students spearheaded by
dedicated TLE teachers had made the school green with the numerous plots and gardens planted with healthy and
organically grown vegetables.
To those interested in supporting the programs of the government especially the Gulayan sa Paaralan, the school
invites you to come and visit and made it as a fruitful experience to see the unfolding of crop rotation year in and year

Gulayan sa Paaralan (vegetable gardening in the school) has many benefits to families in the
province of Ilocos Sur, according to Dep Ed Ilocos Sur.
Vegetable gardening has fed school athletes during the District Athletic Meet, and about 90
malnourished children in the supplementary feedings in the schools of this town where soup,
arrozcaldo, and noodles are served.
With this program schools sell vegetable seedlings, ornament plants and medicinal trees for
instructional materials of teachers and beautification of the school.
The Gulayan sa Paaralan emphasizes environment preservation with Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.
Bottles and bags are used as planters for seeds in the nursery. Non-biodegradable wastes are
used in handicrafts for Edukasyong Pantahanan at Pangkabuhayan.
The program also focuses on vermi-composting which uses fallen leaves, animal manure, and
canteen wastes. For other schools they also have palaisdaan at hayupan (fishing and
livestock) program which includes the raising of tilapia, goats and chicken.
The Department of Education (DepEd) in cooperation with the Department of Agriculture (DA)
launched the Gulayan sa Paaralan program in all public schools in the province of Ilocos Sur
at the start of school year 2012-2013
To increase their knowledge on organic farming 89 teachers from Sinait to Narvacan, were
taught on July 13 ways by DA staff to make trees bear fruits that are sweeter, to increase
nitrogen in the soil, to hasten the growth of tress and to make organic fertilizers.
The Gulayan sa Paaralan program aims to increase public awareness on health and nutrition,
especially among students, teachers and parents. This helps the government solve malnutrition
in the Philippines. In support to this program, the DA provided each school with vegetable
In her article entitled Gulayan sa Paaralan: Kaagapay at Kasangga, Liza Natasha Kutchit, a
pupil of San Vicente Integrated School of San Vicente town, said that planting vegetables in the
school is part of their EPP. Edito Rialubin, her teacher in EPP told them to plant vegetables in
the schools vacant lots. This transformed their school into a wonderful vegetable garden with
different vegetables, ornamental plants, forest and fruit seedlings and medicinal plants.
To encourage schools to give their best in this program the gardens are monitored to select the
best implementers or Best Gardens. The DepEd issued an order for Program Supervisors to
conduct quarterly monitoring.
The gardens are judged on production management, nutrition impact, community and parents
participation, and innovation. There are district, division, provincial and national level winners
depending on the province. (ANL/NOA-PIA 1 Ilocos Sur)

The importance of gulayan sa paaralan


Imelda C. Festin
Teacher -1 Palangon Elementary School
Sustainability has long been a common problem especially in the outskirt regions of our country. Not to mention in the
far flung areas where scarcity often takes place and the constituents have to make ends meet in order to survive
even on a day to day basis of existence. In order to address this type of problem, certain measures had been set
forth but then the problem on implementing guidelines has been tarnished by flaws as how it should be laidout.
Then came the green revolution project of the late president Marcos wherein embedded in its program were not only
concentrated on greening project but also agricultural based programs but as said, the problems of implementation in
order to fully appreciate its effect was too much politicized until it eventually faded away and has long been forgotten.
The question on sustainability or so to speak subsistence has been a plague in our society and constituents had
focused on daily existence instead of a long term plan to enable them to provide not only for their familys existence
but to this community as well. The school has been a basic foundation of skills and learning and is the ideal point for
a project such as the Gulayan sa Paaralan, for it will not only benefit the children regarding sustainability but will
embed in their consciousness the realization of how important these vegetables, their nutrients and vitamins and the
effect of healthy living.
Often, if not most, of the school grounds nationwide is in vast property left unattended and turning these idle portions
in a somewhat green pasture of vegetation will not only turn the school into a refreshing scenery but also as said,
awaken the consciousness of the student populace on the effect of having a healthy dietary intake but also on the
nutrients and vitamins the body absorbs when these vegetables are digested by the human body.
Also, it will not only be as earlier said soothing to the eye during its bloom but will also nourish the human body and
eventually the surplus will be turned into profit not only for the school per se but to the community where this
Gulayan sa Paaralan will be implemented.
In short, the Gulayan sa Paaralan project when fully implemented will not only benefit the school and its studentry
but also the community because the project will serve as an inspiration for the community and awaken their
consciousness on the effect of a green environment.
To end, the Gulayan sa Paaralan is a multi-beneficial project to the school, the student populace in terms of
nutritional benefits not to mention the monetary consideration it will bring about by its surplus, but will be a
community-wide benefit for all, for it will not only touch on the physical attributes but also awaken the mental and
psychological attributes of the community and thus ensure self-sustainability.

The Department of Education is eyeing the establishment of backyard gardens to boost a feeding
program to stop undernutrition and short-term hunger among public school pupils.
Schools are to establish and maintain Gulayan sa Paaralan for the continuous nutritional
improvement at home, the DepEd said.
(The School-Based Feeding Program) aims to improve the nutritional status of the 533,425 severely
wasted and 1,385,039 wasted learners from Kinder to Grade 6 by at least 70 percent at the end of its
120 feeding days, it said DepEd: Augmenting School-Based Feeding Program through
Gulayan sa Paaralan
Also, it said the program seeks to boost classroom attendance by 85 percent, and improve childrens
health, nutritional values and behavior.
Citing its records for 2016, the DepEd said Region IV-A has the highest number of severely wasted
(115,326) and wasted (237,667) learners.
The DepEd cited the case of Tinabunan Elementary School, a barrio school in Imus City Division, which
achieved immense improvements through Bio-Intensive Gardening (BIG).
BIG is an ecological approach to gardening which makes the best use of available natural resources
and does not rely on any chemical inputs. Batao, sigarilyas, patani, kadios, alugbati, and malunggay
are among the 22 indigenous vegetables planted in their garden, it said.
When School Year 2016-17 started, Tinabunan Elementary School became a model school in
integrating a school nutrition model involving gardening, supplementary feeding, and nutrition
Also, the DepEd said its Santa Rosa City unit teamed with East-West Seed Foundation and Toyota
Motors Philippines Foundation to launch the Oh My Gulay Tanim sa Kinabukasan (OMG-TSK), a sixmonth program in Edukasyong Pangtahanan at Pangkabuhayan.
The program distributed garden tools, seeds, fertilizers, plastic mulch and modules that will empower
six beneficiary elementary schools to continuously grow and harvest vegetables, through reliable and
scientific practices.
For its part, the Office of City Veterinary and Agricultural Services (OCVAS) in Batangas City provided
seedlings to schools, and provided training to teachers and students on composting and the use of
organic fertilizers.

In Metro Manila, F. Serrano Sr. Elementary School in Paraaque City is one of the best school
implementers of Gulayan sa Paaralan, the DepEd said.
It said the school has fruit bearing trees, urban vertical gardening, containerized gardening,
aquaponics, circulating and non-circulating hydroponics and fishponds.
The school harvests organic vegetables such as pechay, mustard, and eggplants which are used as
ingredients for the schools feeding program and some are sold to parents, teachers, and other
interested community members. Pupils and parents involvement in greening the school is highly
manifested, it said.

Classifying illocutionary speech acts[edit]

Searle (1975)[3] has set up the following classification of illocutionary speech acts:

Assertives = speech acts that commit a speaker to believing the expressed proposition, e.g.
reciting a creed

Directives = speech acts that are to cause the hearer to take a particular action, e.g.
requests, commands and advice

Commissives = speech acts that commit a speaker to doing some future action, e.g.
promises and oaths

Expressives = speech acts that express the speaker's attitudes and emotions towards the
proposition, e.g. congratulations, excuses and thanks

Declarations = speech acts that change the social sphere in accord with the proposition of
the declaration, e.g. baptisms or pronouncing someone husband and wife