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Irony

The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite,
typically for humorous or emphatic effect. In simple words, it is a difference between the
appearance and the reality.
A Rose For Janet - Charles Tomlinson
I know
this rose is only
an ink-and-paper rose
but see how it grows and goes
on growing
beneath your eyes:
a rose in flower
has had (almost) its vegetable hour
whilst my
rose of spaces and typography
can reappear at will
(you will)
whenever you repeat
this ceremony of the eye
from the beginning
and thus
learn how

Sarcasm
A mocking, often ironic or satirical remark, usually intended to wound as well as amuse.

ONE THING
One word of joy, one word of passion
One word of sarcasm
Are just to my heart
One wave of emotion.
One shade of the dark, one ray of the sun
One spark while they were born
Are just one smile
That touch hearts of every human.
One moment in our dreams, one thought in our solitude
One grace of simple magnititude
Are just one glimpse
That thrive life to live in multitude.

Cacophony
Cacophony is a mixture of harsh and discordant noises. As a literary device, cacophony refers to
the usage of several unharmonious or dissonant sounds in a line or passage. These unharmonious
and dissonant sounds include the explosive consonants k, t, g, d, p, and b, and the hissing sounds
ch, sh, and s.
Or
Cacophony literally means harsh, jarring sounds--sounds that do not sound good together. In
literature, cacophony is used to refer to words that have a harsh, jarring sound. Instead of the text
being rhythmic or pleasant, the text is unmelodious.
e.g. She sells seashells down by the seashore.

Jabberwocky - Lewis Carroll


'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.
"Beware the Jabberwock, my son!
The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!
Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun
The frumious Bandersnatch!"
He took his vorpal sword in hand:
Long time the manxome foe he sought -So rested he by the Tumtum tree.
And stood awhile in thought.
And as in uffish thought he stood,
The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,
Came wiffling through the tulgey wood,
And burbled as it came!
One, two! One, two! And through and through
The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!
He left it dead, and with its head
He went galumphing back.
"And hast thou slain the Jabberwock?
Come to my arms, my beamish boy!
frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!"
He chortled in his joy.

'Twas brillig, and the slithy toves


Did gyre and gimble in the wabe;
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.

Euphony
Euphony is a sound device consisting of several words that are pleasing to the ear. The sounds
made by these words are meant to be soothing rather than harsh or alarming. Rougher sounds can
produce euphony's opposite: cacophony, which produces a sharp and discordant effect, such as
the sound of alarm bells or sirens.
e.g. Birdsong, Melody.
The Bells
Hear the sledges with the bells Silver bells!
What a world of merriment their melody foretells!
How they tinkle, tinkle, tinkle,
In the icy air of night!
While the stars that oversprinkle
All the heavens seem to twinkle
With a crystalline delight;
Keeping time, time, time,
In a sort of Runic rhyme,
To the tintinnabulation that so musically wells
From the bells, bells, bells, bells,
Bells, bells, bells From the jingling and the tinkling of the bells.

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