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Pre-requisite:

1.

Definition of sets; the empty and universal sets; subsets; union and

intersection of sets; de Morgan's laws; complement of a set; binary

operations; relations; mappings; functions and their inverses; sets of

numbers - integers, rational numbers, real numbers, complex numbers.

2.

Preliminary Algebra

Quadratic equations; completing the square; maximum and minimum

values of quadratic functions and their graphs; polynomials, the factor

theorem; the remainder theorem; approximation to the roots of equations;

solutions of surd equations and fractional equations; inequalities.

3.

Elementary Functions

The standard functions; sinx, cosx, ex, sinhx, coshx on R, their properties

including basic identities and graphs; inverse functions.

4.

Limits; continuity; derivatives; derivatives of sums, products, quotients and

composite functions; derivatives of trigonometric functions, derivative of

inverse trigonometric functions, exponential functions, logarithmic

functions; higher order derivatives.

Prescribed textbook:

1.

Pure Mathematics 1, Backhouse, J.K. and Houldsworth S.P.T., 1985.

Longman.

Recommended text book:

2.

College Algebra and Trigonometry, Kaufman J.E., 1987. PWS, Publishers.

Pre-requisite:

1.

Venn diagrams; intersection and union; relations and functions; standard

functions (Linear, quadratic and trigonometric) and their graphs.

2.

Algebra

Real numbers; complex numbers; simple equations, quadratic equations;

completing the square, positive and negative definiteness of quadratics and

the maximum and minimum values; polynomials; the Factor theorem; the

Reminder theorem; synthetic division; approximations to the roots of

equations; solution of simultaneous equations; inequalities; partial

fractions; Logarithms (natural logarithms, change of base); Binomial

theorem.

3.

Trigonometry

Solution of triangles; trigonometric identities

differences formulae); trigonometric equations.

(including

sums

and

Prescribed textbook:

1.

College Algebra and Trigonometry. Kaufman, J.E. 1987. PWS Publishers.

Recommended textbook:

2.

Fundamentals of Freshman Mathematics, Allendorfer, CB and Oakley, C.O.

1972. McGraw Hill.

M112 - MATHEMATICAL METHODS 11 - A

Pre-requite: M111 - Mathematical Methods I

1.

Further Algebra

Mathematical induction; Binomial theorem.

2.

Plane coordinate system; the particular cases (x, y) and (r, ), equations of

plane curves, loci; straight line, circle and conic sections. The 3-D

geometric vector; the direction vector, direction cosines; the vector

operations a + b. a.b, a x b in geometric terms; the laws of algebra e.g. a.

(b + c) = a.b + a.c and a x (b + c) = axb + axc.

3.

Introduction to the concept of a matrix; the particular matrices 0 and I;

transpose AT of A; A + B, AB and kA; determinant |A| of square matrix A,

minors and cofactors; properties of determinants; use of determinants in

the solution of system of simultaneous linear equations (Cramer's rule).

4.

Polar form of a complex number, Argand diagram; Modulus and argument

of a complex number, De-Moivre's theorem; roots of a complex number.

5.

Applications of derivatives to gradient of plane curves; increasing and

decreasing functions; stationary points (maxima, minima, point of

inflection), curve sketching; rate of change.

6.

Integral Calculus

The indefinite integral as the inverse of differentiation; integration,

substitution integration by parts, partial fractions; integration of rational

functions; area under a curve.

Prescribed textbook:

1.

Pure Mathematics 1 and 2, Backhouse J.K. and houldsworth S.P.T. 1985.

Longman.

Recommended textbook:

2.

Analytic Geometry, Thomas G.B. and Finney R.L. Addison Wesley

Publishing company.

Pre-requisite: M111 - Mathematical Methods I

1a.

Sets

1b.

Further algebra

n

Mathematical induction; Factorial, nCr, , Binomial theorem, n positive

r

integer extended with n a rational number to be used in the expansion of

(1 + x)n, n Q considering the condition -1 < x < 1.

2.

Analytical Geometry

Plane coordinate system (x,y), the cartesian system; Loci; equation of a

point moving under certain restrictions; First degree equations;

ax + by + c = o representing a line, perpendicular lines, angle between two

lines, Second degree equations: ax2 + by2 + cxy + dx + ey + f = 0

representing two intersecting lines, parabola, a ellipse, a hyperbola, a circle

(conics); Circle, equation, centre and radius. Tangents and normal to a

circle, intersection of a circle and a line, intersection of two circles.

Applications.

3.

3-D Vectors

Geometrical representation, magnitude of a vector, the vector operations

a + b, ab, axb and the laws of algebra e.g. a(b + c) = ab + ac and ax (b +

c) = axb + axc.; applications.

4.

Further trigonometry:

Inverse trigonometric functions and their graphs; Extended sum and

difference of angles, double and half angle formula, solving the form

=c, factor formula.

5.

Further functions

Exponential functions and their graphs; hyperbolic functions and inverse

hyperbolic functions; logarithmic functions and the graph; Applications.

6.

Argand diagram, polar form of a compl

and argument of a complex number, De Moivre's theorem; roots of complex

numbers.

7.

Concept of matrix, particular matrices O and I, transpose AT of A,

addition/subtraction of matrices, multiplication by a scalar, multiplication

of matrices; Determinant of A (minors and cofactors), properties of

determinants; Use of determinants in the solution of system of

simultaneous linear equations (using Cramer's rule or using adjoint matrix

and inverse matrix) and applications.

8.

Rate of change, implicitly differentiation, higher order derivatives,

convacity, stationary point (point of inflection); Curve sketching (domain,

parity, asymptotes (vertical and horizontal), f'(x) and f"(x) etc.) of

polynomials, rational and radical functions; Derivatives of trigonometric

functions and inverse trigonometric functions; Derivatives of exponential

and logarithmic functions; applications.

9.

Integral Calculus

Indefinite integral as the inverse operation of differentiation, integration of

standard functions, the substitution method, integration of rational

functions, integration by parts; Definite integral, area under a curve and

applications;

Separable differential equations of first order and

applications.

Prescribed Textbook:

1.

Longman.

Recommended textbook

2.

Analytic Geometry, Thomas G.B. and Finney R.L. 1988. Addison Wesley

Publishing Company.

STATISTICS II

Pre-requisite: M161 - Introduction to Mathematics, Probability and Statistics I

1.

Calculus

Differential calculus: Limits and continuity relating to f(x); derivative of

f(x); the rules for differentiation of sums, products, quotients and composite

functions of x; derivatives of standard functions and their inverse, higher

order derivatives; applications to gradients, increasing and decreasing

functions, stationary points (maximum, minimum and points of inflexion);

rates of change.

Integral calculus: The indefinite integral as the inverse differential

operation; integration of simple standard forms (xn, sinx, cosx, ex, f ' (x) /

f(x); basic methods of integration (substitution, by parts and partial

fractions).

2.

Descriptive Statistics

Discrete and continuous data; frequency distribution; histograms and

frequency polygons; cumulative frequency curves; measures of central

tendency (including use of assumed mean); measures of dispersion.

3.

Probability

Sample space; events, definition of probability; mutual exclusive events

conditional probability; independent events; Bayes theorem; probability

trees; permutations and combination

Probability Distributions

Discrete random variables: probability functions; expectation; variance;

special discrete probability distributions (Binomal and Poisson).

Continuous random variables: probability density functions; expectation,

variance; the normal distribution, standard normal distribution; use of

standard normal tables.

Prescribed Textbooks

1.

3rd Ed. 1985. Longman.

2.

J. 1st ed. 1988. ELBS.

Recommended textbooks

3.

4.

C.O. 1972. McGraw Hill.

Probability and Statistics. Spiegel, M.R.

Pre-requisite:

1.

Analytic geometry

the general equation s(x, y) = 0 of the 2nd degree and its reduction to

canonical form; classification of conic sections; the significant properties of

the conic sections; the (r,q) equations for the parabola, ellipse and

hyperbola.

2.

Tangents and normals to general plane curves; Rolles Theorem; the mean

value theorem and its generalization to Taylor's theorem; Application of

Taylor's theorem; Power series for ex, sinx, cosx, log (1+x), etc; Limits and

limit rules (L'Hospital); Curvature, intrinsic coordinates and the

transformation (x,y) - (s, u).

3.

Further methods of indefinite integration (e.g. transformation, integration

by parts, recurrence formulae, etc.); The definite integral as the limit of a

sum (treated heuristically) with application to areas; volumes; length of

curves; centroids; moments of inertia.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Collier-MacMillan.

2nd Ed.

Recommended textbook

2.

Calculus and Analytic Geometry. 5th Ed. Finney, R.L. and Thomas, G.B.

1983. Addison - Wesley.

Pre-requisites:

M112-Mathematical

Methods II-B.

Methods

II-A

or

M114-Mathematical

1.

Linear Equations

Solution of systems of linear equations by the Gauss Jordan Method;

homogeneous and non-homogeneous system; linear dependence of

equations.

2.

Matrices

Matrix form of a linear equation, addition and scalar multiplication of

matrices, matrix multiplications; inverse of matrix; elementary matrices;

elementary row and column operations; equivalence of matrices; Normal

form.

3.

Determinants

Properties of determinants; cofactors; computation of determinants;

expansion by row and column adjoint matrix; cramer's rule; rank of a

matrix.

4.

Vector spaces

Linear independence subspaces; spanning

coordinates; coordinate transformation.

5.

sets;

basis;

dimension;

Linear Transformations

Matrix representation of transformations; composition of

transformations; effect of change of basis on matrix transformation.

linear

Prescribed textbook

1.

Recommended textbook

2.

D.T. 1966 W.H. Freeman.

Pre-requisites:

Methods II-B.

1.

Set theory

Elements of Algebra; Relations as subsets of (X*Y) where X, YR; Surjective

and injective relations; functions as special relations; Inverses of functions;

Direct and inverse images of a set under a function.

2.

Natural numbers, integers, rational and irrational numbers, the real

number line R;R as a totally ordered field; the real numbers 0 and 1; x

for x in R; Dedekind cuts on Q and R; Boundedness of subsets of R; The

nested interval property; The axiom of Archimedes and the denseness of

rationals in R.

3.

Sequences in R

Sequences; Bounded sequences; Converging sequences; Cauchy sequences

in R: lim inf sup of sequences; Diverging sequences Monotone sequences:

Subsequences: Completeness of R.

Prescribed Textbook

1.

Guide to Analysis. Hart, Marry, 1988.Macmillan Education

Recommended Textbooks

2.

Real Analysis. Marsden, J.E. 1974. W.H.Freeman.

3.

Fundamental Real Analysis. Gupta, S.L. and Rani, 1970. N. Vikas. (India).

4.

Elements of Real Analysis. Bartle, R.G. 1976.J.Wiley.

Pre-requisites: M112-Mathematical Methods II-A or M114-Mathematical

Methods

1.

Introduction

What is statistics, elements of statistics; Sampling Methods

(Data collection); Data representation: graphical techniques, frequency

distribution.

2.

Point estimates for mean, difference of means, proportions, difference of

proportions and their sampling distributions; Confidence intervals for

mean, difference of means, proportion, difference of proportions, variance

and ratio of variances.

3.

Definition of statistical hypothesis, type I and type II errors; Tests of

hypothesis about the mean, proportion, the difference of means and

proportions for large and small samples; Tests of hypothesis about variance

and ratio of variances; Tests of independence and goodness of fit test.

4.

Analysis of variance

Introduction to linear model and experimental design; Completely

randomized design (CRD), balanced and unbalanced; Randomized block

design (RBD), unreplicated and replicated.

5.

Introduction; Simple linear regression model, least squares, ANOVA table,

t-test, and F-tests, confidence intervals for the intercept and slope;

Correlation analysis, coefficient of correlation.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Statistics.

Mclave, J.T.and Dietrich, F.H. 1979.

Company.

Delloen Publishing

2.

Introduction to statistics. Walpole, R.E. 1984, Macmillan.

10

Pre-requisite: M114 - Mathematical Methods II-B

1.

Co-ordinate Geometry

Transformation of co-ordinates; Introduction to Conic Section; Some

properties of the circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola; Tangent and

normal to conic sections.

2.

Leibnitz theorem; Maclaurin and Taylor series; Series in general, divergence

and convergence.

3.

Vectors in space

Vector Algebra and applications in 3-space co-ordinate geometry; vector

functions of a single variable; Differentiation of vector functions;

Application to mechanics.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Macmillan.

Collier

2.

Analytic Geometry and the Calculus, 2nd Ed. Finney, R.L. and Thomas,

G.B. 1983. Addison - Wesley.

Recommended textbook

1.

Calculus and Analytic Geometry, 5th Ed. Finney, R.L. and Thomas, G.B.

1983. Addison Wesley.

11

Pre-requisites:

1.

Vector analysis

Theory of geometry vectors with applications: Vector and parametric

equations; differentiation of vectors; the notion of a projectile; curvature;

the unit tangent and normal vectors; arc length as a parameter etc.;

Application to 3-dimensional spaces: Vectors in three dimensional spaces;

equations of straight lines in space; the scalar and vector products of two

vectors; computations with vector products; equations of planes, spaces

curves etc.

2.

Functions of several variables; partial derivatives of various orders and

their manipulation; The total differential; chain rules for partial and total

differentiation; application of the total differential to error estimation;

Stationary points, etc; Euler's theorem for homogeneous functions.

3.

Order, degree and general solutions of D.E.; Linear and non-linear

equation; The general linear equation:

(a) homogeneous, (b) nonhomogeneous; Properties of the linear homogenous D.E. (e.g. superposition of solutions); Properties of the linear non-homogeneous D.E., its

general solution (GS), complementary function (CF) and particular integral

(PI), GS= CF + PI; The solvableD.E's (Linear and non linear) of O(1), their

classification into exact, variable separable, homogeneous, linear, Bernoulli

types etc., and methods for their solutions; The linear equations of O(2)

with constant or homogeneous coefficients and their methods of solutions;

The methods of variation of parameters and solution by series.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Analytic Geometry and the Calculus.

Collier- MacMillan.

Recommended textbook

2.

Calculus and Analytic Geometry .5th Ed. Finney, R.L. and Thomas, G.B.

1983. Addison - Wesley.

12

Pre-requisites:

1.

Orthogonality.

Inner Products spaces; length; angle; orthogonal vectors; orthogonal bases

Gram Schmidt orthogononalistion; orthogonal and unitary matrices;

orthogonal coordinate transformation.

2.

Eigen values, Eigenvectors and similarity. Diagonalisation of matrices and

linear

transformations;

real-symmetric

and

Hermitain

matrices;

diagonalisation by orthogonal or unitary matrix.

3.

Quadratic forms

Congruence, diagonalisation and canonial forms; rank and index, definite

and semi definite forms. Applications to conic sections.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Linear Algebra; An introduction, Morris, A.O. 1978. Van Nastrand.

Recommended textbook

2.

Introduction to matrices and linear transformations, 2nd Ed. Finkerbeiner

II, D.T. 1966 W.H. Freeman.

13

Pre-requisite:

1.

Infinite series

Infinite series as a special case of sequences. Convergence of infinite

series. Standard series (geometric, harmonic). Theory of positive series.

Tests for convergence of infinite series (comparison tests , D' Alembert,

Guass, Cauchy, integral test etc). General real series. Absolute convergent

series. Conditional convergence. Uniform convergence. Power series.

Representation of standard elementary functions (e.g. (1 + x), e, log (1 + x),

sinx) as infinite power series.

2.

Continuity

Limits of functions. Continuos real valued functions from subsets of R into

R. Some properties of continuos functions on closed intervals.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Guide to Analysis. Hart, Mary. 1988. MacMillan Education.

Recommended textbook

2.

Guide to Analysis. Marsden, J.E. 1974. W.H. Freeman

3.

4.

(India).

Elements of Real Anlaysis. Bartle, R.G. 1976. J. Wiley.

14

Pre-requisite: M211 - Mathematical Methods IV

1.

Introduction

Definitions and axioms of probability.

Sample space and events.

Independent events, conditional probability and Bayes theorem. Counting

techniques.

2.

Definition of random variables and probability distribution, discrete and

continuous.

Expectations of random variables, moment generating

function.

Discrete random variables; Bernoulli, Binomial, Poisson,

Geometric, Negative Binomial and Hypergeometric. Continuous random

variables; Uniform, Exponential, Normal, Gamma and Beta distributions.

3.

Joint distribution.

Independence of random variables.

Conditional

probability functions.

Conditional expectation.

Moment generating

functions.

4.

Test distributions

T-distribution. Chi- square distribution. F-distribution.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Statistics.

Mclave, J.T.

Company.

Recommended textbook

2.

Introduction to statistics. Walpole, R.E. 1984, Macmillan.

3.

A concise course in A- level statistics. Crawshaw, J. and Chambers, J.

1984. Stanely Thormes.

15

Pre-requisites: EM211 - Engineering Mathematics I

1.

Partial derivatives; Geometric implications of first and second order

derivatives-increment of a function of several variables and applications in

error estimation; Total derivative and total differentials: Chain rule.

2.

Differential Equations

First and second order ordinary differential equations with constant

coefficients.

3.

Matrix algebra and applications;

eigenvectors.

Vector

spaces;

Eigenvalues

and

Prescribed textbook

1.

Analytic Geometry and Calculus. 2nd Ed. Goodman, A.W. 1969, CollierMacMillan.

Recommended textbooks

2.

Calculus and Analytic Geometry. 5th Ed. Finney, R.L. and Thomas, G.B.

1983. Addison-Wesley.

3.

Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra, and Differential Equations, 2nd Ed.

Grossman, S.T. 1986. HBL Publishers.

16

Pre-requisites:

1.

Elements of topology

Open and closed subsets of R; Intervals, neighborhoods, interior points,

exterior and boundary points, limit points of a set; Bolzano-Weistrass

theorem: Cantor intersection theorem; Lindelof covering theorem;

compactness, the Heine-Borel theorem; compact sets and connected sets.

2.

Continuity at a point and on a set; uniform continuity; preservation of

connectedness under continuous mappings; the intermediate value

theorem, preservations of compactness under continuous mappings; the

maximum and minimum value theorem; uniform convergence; step

function approximation; functions of bounded variation.

Prescribed Textbook

1.

Real Analysis. Marden. J.E. 1974. W.H. Freeman

2.

Elements of Real Analysis. Bartle, R.G. 1976. J. Wiley.

Recommended Textbooks

3.

Fundamental Real Analysis. Gupta, S.L. and Rani. 1970. N. vikas (India).

17

Pre-requisites: M292 - Introduction to Probability and M212 - Mathematical

Methods Iv.

1.

Moment generating functions; Distributions of order Statistics, Minimum,

Maximum, etc.; Distributions of t, c and F random Variables.

2.

Estimation

Methods of points estimation, method of moments, maximum likelihood

estimators (MLES); Properties of estimators; unbiasness, efficiency

consistency, sufficiency, Cramer-Rao lower bound.

3.

Hypothesis testing

Basic criteria for evaluating statistical procedures; types I and type II

errors; Power function and size of test; simple hypotheses tests, most

powerful tests; Hypothesis testing (Negmann-pearson lemma) Composite

hypotheses tests, uniformly most powerful tests; Monotone likelihood ratio

tests, generalized likelihood ratio tests.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Introduction to the theory of statistics. Mood, A., Gray Bill, F. and Boes,

D.1974 McGraw-Hill.

2.

Introduction to mathematical statics. Hogg, R.V. and Graig, A.T., 1978.

Macmillan.

Recommended textbook

3.

Introduction to statistical theory. Hoel, P.G., Port S.C and Stone C.J. 1991.

Houghtonm Mifflin.

18

Pre-requisites:

1.

Transformation in 2 and 3 dimensions, Functional dependence, stationary

points of functions of several variables, maxima and minima under side

constraints, lagrange multipliers, Taylor's theorem in several variables.

2.

Vector Analysis

Scalar and vector fields, the vector operators grad, div and curl, and basic

Operations identities.

3.

Surfaces, normal to surface, directional derivatives, tangent plane to a

surface, tangent to a curve in 3-D, rectification of a curve in 3-D.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra and Differential Equations.

Grossman, S.I. 1986. Hartcourt Brace Jovavich Inc.

2.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Wylie, C.R. and Barrett, L.C. 1982.

McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Recommended textbooks

3.

Advanced Calculus, Schaum's Out line series. Spiegel, Murray R. 1974.

McGraw-Hill Book Company.

4.

Vector Analysis, Schaum's Out line series. Spiegel, Murray R. 1974.

McGraw-Hill Book Company.

5.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Kreyszig, E. 1988. John Wiley and

Sons.

19

Pre-requisites:

Programming language

1.

Properties of computer arithmetic (non-associative, non-commutative);

errors in arguments; absolute error; truncation error; forward and

backward propagation of errors. Algorithms.

2.

Roots of functions

Half interval search (bisection) method; Newton's method; fixed point

methods; modifications of Newton's and other methods.

3.

Approximation of Functions.

Approximation at a point; polynomial fit at a local point; Taylor series

expansion; application to computer algorithms; approximation over an

interval; interpolation, evaluation by forcing the approximation polynomial

through points of known function values; least squares approximation, the

fitting function is not forced through specified points; optimal choice of

evaluation points by Chebyshev polynomials; alternate measures of

distance between functions and uniform approximation.

4.

Finite difference calculus; quadrature technique;

Simpson's rule; Cote's Gaussian quadrate formulae.

trapezoidal

rule;

Prescribed Textbook

1.

Numerical Analysis. 4th Ed. Burden, R.L. and Faires, J.D., 1989. PSWKent.

Recommended Textbook

2.

Fortran 77 and Numerical Methods for Engineering. Borse.

PSW-Kent.

20

G.J., 1985.

Pre-requisite:

1.

Differential Equations

Ordinary Linear differential equations with variable coefficients; Euler

Equation, Laplace transform method; Systems of first order differential

equations; Introduction to partial differential equations.

2.

Fourier series and applications; The Fourier integral

Prescribe textbook

1.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics. 6th Ed. Kreyzig, E.1988. john Willey

and Sons.

Recommended textbooks

2.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Wylie.R.C. and Barret, L.C., 1989.

McGraw-Hill.

3.

Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra, and Differential Equations, 2nd Ed.

Grossman. S.T. 1986. HBL Publishers.

21

Pre-requisite:

1.

Differentiable functions

Differentiability at a point and on a set; differentiability and continuity;

some theorems on differentiation; Rolle's theorem; improper integrals;

Mean-value and generalized mean value (Taylor's) theorem with

applications.

2.

Partition of an interval; refinements of a partition; Riemann sums; Riemann

integral and the intergrability criterion of Riemann classes of intergrable

functions. Properties of the Riemann integral; integral Calculus; the first

mean value theorem for integrals; the Riemann Stieljes integral.

Prescribed Textbook

1.

Real Analysis. Marsden, J.E. 1974. W.H. Freeman

2.

Elements of Real Analysis. Bartle, R.G. 1976. J. Wiley.

Recommended Textbooks

3.

Fundamental Real Analysis. Gupta S.L. and Rani, 1970. N. Vikas.

22

Pre-requisites:

1.

2.

3.

4.

M261 - Introduction to Statistics

Expectation vector. Variance - covariance matrices.

linear transformation.

Distribution of a

Multiple Regression

Multiple Regression model. Least squares estimators and their statistical

properties Residual Analysis. Weighted least squares estimators. Test of

general linear hypothesis. Multi-collinearity.

Analysis of variance

Estimation and multiple comparison. Three way Analysis of Variance.

Experimental Designs: Completely Randomized Design, Randomized Block

Design, Latin Square Design.

Analysis of Covariance

One way classification with one covariate. One way classification with two

covariates. Development by the general regression significant test.

Prescribed Textbooks

1.

Applied statistics. Dunn, O. and Clark, V. 1987. John Wiley.

2.

Introduction to linear regression analysis. Montgonomory, D. and Peck, E.

1982. John Wiley.

Recommended Textbooks

3.

Applied Statistical Linear Models. Neter, J. and Wasserman. 1974.

Richard D. Irwin, Inc.

4.

Design and analysis of experiments. Montgomery, D. 1984. John Wiley.

23

Pre-requisite:

1.

Line integrals, Jacobian, Wronskian, Jacobian's change of variables, double

integrals, surface integrals tripple and their evaluation; Green's theorem,

Stokes theorem, Gauss theorem, irrotational vector fields with examples.

2.

Inner products of functions, orthogonality, polynomial development of

functions in trigonometric Fourier sine and cosine series, complex form of

Foureir series, the foureir integral theorem, integral transforms, the inverse

theorem for the Fourier sine-cosine, Laplace-Transforms; transform

identities and theorems, the convolution theorem, operational methods in

analyses with applications to simple boundary value problems.

3.

Differential Equations

Simultaneous D.E.'s. Miscellaneous methods for equations of second order

and higher order; solutions by Laplace transform; solutions in series.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Kreyszig, E. 1988. John wiley and

sons.

2.

Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra and Differential Equations.

Grossman, S.I. 1986. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc.

3.

Applied fourier Analysis (College Outline Series) Jovanovich, H.B. 1984.

Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Recommended textbooks

4.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Wylie. C.R. 1982, McGraw-Hill Book

Company.

5.

Advanced Calculus Schaum's Outline Series Spiegel, Murray R.., !974,

McGraw-Hill book Company.

24

Pre-requisites:

M222- Algebra II and proficiency in a programming language.

1.

Solutions of Equations

Linear equations; matrix norms; Gaussian elimination; triangular

decomposition; iterative Jacobi and Gauss-Seidel methods; solution of least

square normal equations by triangular decomposition; non-linear and

transcendental equations.

2.

Iterative and transformation methods for finding eigenvalues and

eigenvectors; Housholder and QL algorithms; use of norms to bound errors.

3.

Intial value problems; Euler's method; Taylor's methods; fourth order

Runge-Kutta methods; Multi-step methods; predictor-corrector formulae;

boundary value problems; discretization; finite differences; Galerkin's finite

methods.

Prescribed Textbook

1.

Numerical Analysis. 4th Ed. Burden, R.L. and Faires, J.D, 1989.

PSW-Kent.

Recommended Textbook

2.

Fortran 77 and Numerical Methods for Engineering.

PSW-Kent.

25

Pre-requisite:

1.

Quadratic Surfaces; Tangent Planes,

Directional derivatives and the Gradient.

Normal

Lines

and

Gradients;

2.

Multiple Integration

Multiple integrals; Line and surface integrals; Integral theorems.

3.

Sampling inspection; distributions (binomial, hypergeometric, poisson,

normal); Histograms; confidence intervals; Tests of significances; chisquares test.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 6th Ed. Kreyzig, E.1988, John-Wiley

and sons.

Recommended textbooks

2.

Advanced Engineering Mathematics. Wylie. R.C. and Barret, L.C., 1989.

McGraw-Hill

3.

Statistics. McGraw and Dietrich F.H. 1979, Dellen Publishing Company.

4.

Multivariable Calculus, Linear Algebra, and Differential Equations end Ed.

Grossman. S.T. 1986. HBL Publishers.

26

Pre-requisite:

1.

The Complex Variable z; Cartesian and polar representation of z; Im z, Re z,

|z|, arg z, de Moivre's theorem; The complex plane; lines and half lines in

the complex plane.

2.

Sequences:

convergent, divergent and Cauchy Sequences; Series:

convergent, divergent and absolutely convergent series; Uniform

convergence. Power series; radius of convergence.

3.

Neighborhoods; open and closed point sets; Connectedness; continuous

image of a connected set; regions.

4.

Analytic Functions

Limits and continuity; Differentiability at a point and in domain; the

Cauchy-Riemann relations; Laplace's equations; conjugate harmonic

functions. Standard elementary functions: exp z, log z, z, the trigonometric

and hyperbolic functions of z.

5.

Paths and smooth paths; conformal mappings;

transformations; cross ratio; symmetry; oriented circles.

6.

linear

fractional

Complex Integration

Line integrals as functions of paths. Cauchy's theorem; Cauchy integral

formula; higher derivatives; Counting zeros; open mapping theorem.

Morera's theorem; Power series representation of analytic functions.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Functions of one Complex Variable. Conway, J.B. 1978; Springer-verlag.

Recommended textbooks

2.

Complex Variables and Applications, 4th Ed. Churchill, R.V. and Brown,

J.W. 1984. McGraw-Hill.

3.

27

Pre-requisite:

1.

Commutators and derived groups, normal, composition and central series;

Jordan-Holder Theorem, nilpotent and solvable groups: Permutation

groups, transitivity and imprimitivity; linear groups; simple groups.

2.

Group extensions, semi-direct products, direct products, wreath products.

3.

Representations of groups

Matrix representations of groups, examples; Equivalent, reducible and

irreducible representations; complete reducibility of group representations,

Mascheke's theorem Schur's lemma, Schur's relations.

4.

Group rings interpretations of KG-modules for ordinary representations.

5.

Group characters and orthogononality relations; Simple applications to

Character Tables.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

An Introduction to Group theory. Ledermann, W. 1964. Oliver and Boyd.

2.

Recommended textbook

3.

Topics in Algebrra. 2nd Ed. Herstein, I.N. 1975.J.Wiley.

28

Pre-requisites:

1.

Intervals: Open, closed, half open, half closed; bounded and unbounded

intervals; Limit points; Open and closed sets.

2.

The intervals: J=[0, 1], J = 0, - , J = -, - and J = -, 1; the Cantor set as a

countable intersection of a finite union of closed subsets of J; Ternary

expansions.

3.

The L Sets

Bounded series of powers non-negative real numbers; Norms on ; holder's

inequality; Minkowski's inequality.

4.

Order Relations

Partial orders; well ordered sets, totally ordered sets; Order isomorphism;

Ordinal numbers; countable sets; cardinal numbers; Zorn's Lemma; Hamel

basis theorem.

5.

The Metric function; Open and closed sets; Limits; limit points; Cauchy

sequences; Dense sets; nowhere dense sets; separable metric spaces; Open

cover; Sequentially compact and totally bounded sets; Heine-Borel theorem;

continuous maps on compact spaces; Uniform continuity.

Prescribed Textbook

1.

Introduction to Topology and Modern Analysis Simmons, F.; 1963.

McGraw-Hill.

Recommended Textbooks

2.

Guide to Real Analysis, Kunda. W.Internal circulation.

29

Pre-requisites: M361 - Mathematical Statistics and M362 - Linear Models and

Design of Experiments.

1.

Marginal and conditional distribution; Mean, variance- covariance and

correlations.

2.

MLE of mean vector and its distribution; MLE of the variance-covariance

matrix; confidence intervals of parameters.

3.

Distribution and uses of Hoteling's T-square statistics; Distributions of the

sample variance-covariance matrix (Wishart distribution); Joint distribution

of the sample mean vector and the sample variance - covariance matrix.

4.

Separation and classification for two population Fisher's method;

Classification with two multivariate normal populations; fisher's method for

discriminating among several populations.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

Introduction to multivariate analysis. Morrison, D.F. 1976, McGraw-Hill.

2.

Applied multivariate statistical analysis. Johnson and Wichern. 1982.

Englewood Cliffs.

Recommended textbooks

3.

Introduction to multivariate analysis.

Chatfield and Collins, 1980.

Chapman and Hall.

4.

An introduction to multivariate statistical analysis. T.Anderson. 1984.

John Wiley and Sons.

30

Pre-requisite:

1.

Random variables and their distributions; Expectations and conditional

expectation; Moment generating functions.

2.

Characteristics functions

Definition and elementary properties; Inversion and uniqueness theorem;

Expansion and convergence theorem; The normal characteristic function.

3.

Limit theorems

Modes of convergence for random variables; weak law of large numbers;

Strong law of large numbers; Central limit theorem.

4.

Martingale theory

Definition and examples of Martingale; Martingale differences and

Hoehding's inequality; Convergence of Martingale; Stopping times; Optional

stopping; the maximal inequality.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

Probability and Random processes. Grimmett, G.R. and Stirzacher, D.P.

1992. Claredon Press, Oxford.

2.

Introduction to probability theory and its applications, Vol I and II. Feeler,

W. 1968. John Wiley.

Recommended textbook

3.

Real analysis and probability. Ash, R. 1972 Academic press.

31

Pre-requisite: EM312 - Engineering Mathematics IV

1.

Solution of simultaneous linear algebraic equations; Elimination and

iterative methods; errors problems of accuracy and precision.

2.

Algebraic eigenvalue problem; Iterative, transformation and other methods

for the determination of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of matrices; accuracy

and precision; Application to problems of stability and vibrations of

physical systems; Determination of Roots of polynomials and other

algebraic and transcendental equations.

3.

Numerical Differentiation

Finite differences; interpolation and extrapolation

4.

Numerical Integration

5.

Numerical solution of initial-value and boundary-value problems with

applications in engineering; error propagation, accuracy and precision.

6.

7.

8.

Fourier series

Fourier integral and Laplace transforms with applications to some typical

scientific and engineering problems.

9.

Harmonic analysis.

10.

NOTE:

computations will be considered so as to put advantages and

limitations of using a digital computer in proper perspective.

Students will be encouraged to use the computer by writing

computer programs or using some existing program packages for

solutions of some practical problems.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

Numerical Analysis. 4th Ed. Burden, R.L. and Faires, J.D 1989.PSW Kent.

32

2.

Pre-requisites:

1.

Entire functions; fundamental theorem of calculus.

2.

Calculus of Residues

Classification of singular points. Taylor and Laurent series. Residue

theorem.

Evaluation of definite integrals.

The argument principle;

Rouches theorem.

3.

The Maximum principle. Schwarzs Lemma and applications.

4.

Analytic Continuation

General analytic functions. Function element. Analytic continuation along

a path. Homotopic curves; Monodromy theorem.

Prescribed TextBook

1.

Functions of one complex variable. Conway, J.B. 1978, Springer-Verlag.

Recommended Textbooks

1.

Complex Variables and Applications. 4th Ed. Churchill, R.V. and Brown,

J.W. 1984. McGraw-Hill.

2.

33

Pre-requisites:

1.

Definition and properties; Free modules, finitely generated modules internal

direct sums, torsion modules.

2.

Sub modules of free modules, Structure theorem for finitely generated

modules over principal ideal domains. Primary components, Invariant

factor theorem.

3.

Prime fields, simple extensions, algebraic extensions, normal field

extensions, Galois extensions. Splitting field of a polynomial. Multiple

roots, separable and perfect fields.

4.

Galois Group, Fundamental theorem of Galois Theorem, Criterion for

solvability of a polynomial by radicals. The Galois group as a permutation

group of roots.

5.

Finite Fields

Basic results, special bases for finite dim extension fields. The normal base

theorem.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

Rings, modules and Linear algebra. Hartley, B. and Hawkes, T.O. 1970.

Chapman and Hall.

2.

Recommended textbook

3.

Basic Algebra. Jacobson, I.N. 1985. W.H. Freeman.

34

Pre-requisites:

1.

R and l as examples of complete metric spaces. Baire category theorem.

Fixed point theorem; contraction mapping theorem; Picard's theorem on

existence and uniqueness of solutions of initial value differential equations.

2.

The norm. Bounded linear transformations.

A Banach space. Dual

paces. Reisz representation theorem for l spaces. Hahn-Banach theorem.

3.

The inner product, the norm; Schwarz's inequality. Orthogonality. Hilbert

space examples C and l ; projection theorem; Reisz representation theorem;

orthonormal sets;' Bessels inequality; Parseval's relation.

Prescribed Textbook

1.

Introduction to Topology and Modern Analysis.

McGraw-Hill.

2.

Simmons, F. 1963,.

Recommended Textbook

Guide to Real Analysis. Kunda, W. Internal circulation.

35

Pre-requisites:

and Design of Experiments.

1.

Bayesian inference

Posterior and prior densities. Bayesian point and interval estimates.

Loss functions. Decision functions. Value information.

2.

Basic concept of lifetime distributions. Some important models. Censoring

and statistical methods

3.

Life tables. Non-parametric estimation of the survivor function. Plotting

procedures. Least squares estimation of parameters.

4.

Log-linear models. Generalized linear models. Logistics regression. Probit

analysis.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

Theoretical statistics.

Cambridge.

1974.

University Press,

2.

John Wiley and Sons.

3.

Analysis of survival data. D.R. Cox, D.R and oakes, D. 1984. Chapman

and all.

Recommended textbooks

4.

Discrete multivariate analysis theory and practice. Bishop, Y.M., Fienberg,

S.E and Holland, P.W. 1975. M.I.T press.

5.

Press.

36

Pre-requisite:

1.

Stochastic Processes

Definition and examples

2.

Markov Chains

Introduction, Chapman-Kolmogorov equations, and classification of states,

limiting probabilities, some applications: the gamblerrs ruin problem,

branching processes, time reversible Markov chains, Markov decision

processes.

3.

Definition and properties of the exponential distribution, counting

processes, Poisson process, interarrival and waiting time distributions,

nonhomogeneous and compound Poisson process.

4.

Introduction, birth and death processes, the Kolmogorov differential

equations, limiting probabilities, time reversibility.

5.

Renewal Theory

Definition, distribution of N(t), limit theorems, regenerative processes.

6.

Queuing Theory

Introduction, steady state probabilities, Exponential models, M1G11

models and some variations on it, multiserver queues.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Introduction to Probability Models. S.M. 1985. Academic Press.

2.

Probability and Random Processes by G. Grimmett, G. and Stirzaker, D.

1982. Oxford Science Publications.

Recommended textbook

3.

Introduction to Stochastic Processes. Hoel, P. Port, S.Stone, C. 1972,

Houghton Mifflin.

4.

The elements of Stochastic Processes. Bailey, N.T.J. 1964, John Wiley

5.

An Introduction to Probability Theory and its Applications, Feller, W. 1971,

John Wiley.

37

Pre-requisites:

design of experiments

Co-requisite:

1.

Fundamental concepts

Introduction, examples; the autoconvariance and autocorrelation

functions; the partial autocorrelation function; white noise processes;

estimation of the mean, autocovariance and autocorrelations; moving

average and autoregressive representations.

2.

Stationary Models

Autoregressive processes, moving average processes, the dual relationship

between autoregressive and moving average processes, autoregressive

moving average processes.

3.

Non-stationary Models

Non-stationarity in the mean, deterministic trend models, autoregressive

integrated moving average models (ARIMA), variance stabilizing

transformations.

4.

Forecasting

Introduction, forecasting with the minimum mean square error (MSE),

model fitting and simulation.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Time series Analysis.

Company.

Recommended textbooks

2.

Time series. Kendall, M. and Ord, J. Keith. 1990. Edward Arnold.

3.

Time Series Analysis, Forecasting and Control . Box G.E.P. and Jenkins,

G.M 1970. Holden - Day.

4.

The Analysis of Time Series: Theory and Practice, Chatfield, C. 1975,

Chapman and Hall.

38

M225 - INTRODUCTION TO MATHEMATICAL LOGIC

Pre-requisites:

Methods II-B.

1.

Propositional Logic

Statements;

truth-value, truth-tables;

connectives, tautology and

contradictions;

algebra of propositions, logical equivalence;

valid

arguments; rules of inference and formal proofs; conditional and indirect

proofs; introduction to predicates and quantifiers.

2.

Sets

Sets as truth-sets of propositions; algebra of sets and algebra of

propositions; indexed families of sets and their connection with quantified

statements; Cartesian product of two sets; relations and their properties;

equivalence relations and equivalence classes; functions, countable and

topological, Geometric.

3.

Propositional Calculus

Axiom system for prepositional calculus; modus ponens; deduction

principle; completeness; consistency.

4.

Predicate Calculus

Variables, constants, predicate letters; terms; interpretions; first order

theories.

5.

Abstract groups, fields, linear and quadratic equations; ordered fields,

absolute value; inequalities.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Introduction to Mathematical logic. Mendelson, E. 1964. Van Nostran.

Recommended textbook

2.

Schaums outline of theory and problems of set theory and related topics.

Lipschultz, S. 1964. Schaum.

39

Pre-requisites:

1.

Permutations

Permutations of a set, cycles, cycle decomposition, odd and even

permutations.

2.

Definition of a group, example-symmetry groups. Subgroups, cosets,

Lagrangess theorem, cyclic groups, generators of a group; conjugate

classes, normalizers, normal subgroups, simplicity of An ( n5 ) direct

product of groups.

3.

Factor groups, homomorphisms, isomorphism theorems.

stabilizers, transitivity, sylow theorems and applications.

Orbits,

4.

Integers

Well ordering; division algorithm; unique factorizations into primes.

5.

Definitions of rings, integral domains, fields. Subrings, left and right

ideals, homomorphisms, isomorphisms of rings, quotient rings; Polynomial

rings R[X].

6.

Principal Ideal rings and domains, Prime and maximal ideas. Unique

factorization domains Ideal structure in the ring F[x], for a given field F.

Prescribed textbook

1.

A first course in Absract Algebra, Fraleigh, J.B. 1978, Addison Wesly.

Recommended textbook

2.

Topics in Algebra 2nd Ed. Herstein, I.N. 1975, J. Wiley.

40

M335 TOPOLOGY

Pre-requisites:

1.

Set Theory

Mappings, relations, cordinality and axiom of choice.

2.

Metric spaces

Examples, including function and sequence spaces. Inequalities (Holder

and Minkoski) open and closed sets; interior, closure and boundary points,

Neighbourhoods, equaivalent metrics.

Continuity, homeomorphisms,

convergence. Subspace of a metric space, product of metric spaces.

Completeness.

3.

Topological Spaces

Definitions of topological spaces, closure, interior, boundary and limit

points.

Base, coverings separability, continuity homeomorphisms,

separation axiom. Countability, open subbase, open mappings weak

topologies.

4.

Compactness

Open cover, subcover, compact space and subspace, continuous functions,

Heine-Borel Theorem; compactness for metric spaces, Bolzano-Weierstrass

theorem; sequential compactness; T spaces and Hausdorff space.

5.

Connectedness

Definition, connectedness of R, continuity and connectedness, components

a connected spaces; totally disconnected space.

6.

Approximation

Bernstein approximation theorem; Weierstrass approximation theorem;

the real and complex stone-weierstrass theorems.

Prescribed textbook

1.

Introduction to topology and Modern Analysis.

McGraw-Hill.

41

Recommended textbook

2.

Introduction to topology. Mendelson, B. 1964. Van Nostrand.

Pre-requisites:

Design of Experiments.

1.

Introduction

Populations, samples and statistics. Estimation. Hypothesis testing.

Some properties of hypothesis tests. Some comments on non parametric

statistics.

2.

Binomial test. Quantile test. Sign test and its variations.

3.

One and two independent samples. Several independent samples, Kruskalwallis one-way analysis of variance.

Freedman two-way analysis of

variance. The one-sample or matched-pairs case. Measures of rank

correlation.

4.

The Kolmogorov goodness-of-fit test. Tests on two independent samples.

Tests on several independent samples.

Prescribed textbooks

1.

Practical non parametric statistics, Conover, W.J. 1980. John Wiley and

Sons.

2.

Non parametric statistical methods. Hollander, M. and Wolf, D.A. 1973.

John Wiley and Sons.

Recommended textbooks

3.

Introduction to the theory of Statistics. Mood, A.M., Grabill, F.A. and Boes.

1974. McGraw-Hill.

4.

Non parametrics: Statistical methods based on ranks. Lehman, E.L. 1975.

McGraw-Hill.

42

MASTER OF SCIENCE

PROGRAMS IN

MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS

1.

Introduction:

The Graduate program in Mathematics has been offered in the University of

Zambia since 1975; and at the moment, the program in mathematics and

Statistics offers courses leading to the M. Sc. degree. Areas of special

interest to members of the department include: Group Theory; Group

Representation Theory; Management Mathematics; Numerical Analysis;

Probability theory; ring Theory; Real and Functional analysis; Special

Functions; theoretical Statistics.

2.

The University of Zambia Library and the Departmental Library have large

numbers of mathematics books and some individual Lecturers subscribe to

a good number of mathematical periodicals. A computer room is in the

department and its services are available to students.

3.

Aims:

The M.Sc. program in the Department of Mathematics and Statistics serves

two types of students - (1) those interested in further graduate study in

abstract applied probability and numerical methods.

The degree may be awarded for work completed in one of two ways:

(i)

(ii)

by coursework, followed by research and dissertation.

Both modes are available but most candidates will proceed to the degree

through coursework and a dissertation.

43

The program lasts for a minimum of two years and a maximum of four

years for full-time candidates. For part-time candidates lasts a minimum

of three years and maximum of six years.

When taken by coursework and research the program in two parts: Part I

consists of advanced courses, equivalent to eight (8) semester courses; 3 in

each semester of the first semester of second year, since in Mathematics

and Statistics, the coursework plays a larger role; Pat II consists of

research under supervision on an approved topic leading to the preparation

of a dissertation. Normally, no candidate will be permitted to proceed to

Part II unless he/she has passed examinations of coursework in Part I.

The course for Part I are given below.

4.

The minimum qualification for registration as a candidate for the degree of

Master of Science in Mathematics and Statistics is a Bachelor of Science

degree of the University of Zambia of sufficiently high standard, or the

equivalent from another University. The Board of Studies may require a

candidate as a condition for registration to take such other pre-requisite or

concurrent studies or examinations as with approval of Senate it may

prescribe.

5.

There are in general no language or congnate requirements for the degree,

though student interested in Management Mathematics, Numerical

Analysis, Probability or Statistics and any other applied mathematics will

need to demonstrate proficiency in computer programming to gain

admittance to certain courses. All students are encouraged to supplement

their programs with approved advanced undergraduate courses.

6.

Mode of Application:

Application forms for admission to this program are available from the

Directorate of Research and Graduate Studies, University of Zambia, P.O.

Box 32379, Lusaka, Zambia. The closing date for receipt of applications is

announced from time to time by the Directorate of Research and Graduate

Studies.

7.

Courses:

Not all courses listed below will be offered in any one year, but each course

for which there is sufficient demand and availability of staff will be offered.

In addition to the listed courses, there are ongoing research seminars in

various areas, in which students are invited to participate. There are also a

number of visiting colloquium speakers, whose talks students are urged to

attend.

The courses in Part-I consist of the following:44

Mat5211

Mat5251

And either

Mat5111

Or Mat5311

Year 1 Semester 2

Mat5222

Mat5022

And either

Mat5122

Or Mat5822

Year 2 Semester 1

Any two of

Math6011

Mat6211

Mat6261

Mat6311

Year 1 Semester 1

Mat5111

Mat5311

Mat5341

Mat5811

Year 1 Semester 2

Mat5122

Mat5222

Mat5382

Mat5822

Statistics option:

Year 1 Semester 1

Mat5111

Mat5311

Mat5611

Mat5811

Year 1 Semester 2

Mat5022

Mat5622

Mat5922

Mat5822

45

Year 2 Semester 1

Any two of

Mat6011

Mat6211

Mat6311

Mat6361

Year 2 Semester 1

Any two of

Mat6051

Mat6061

Mat6611

Mat6641

Mat6661

COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

MANAGEMENT MATHEMATICS

MAT5022 - OPTIMIZATION I

A.

Linear Programming provides methods of optimizing linear functions

which are constrained by linear equations. It provides planning

skills of limited resources in any business activity for optimum

output.

At the end of this course, students will be expected to formulate and

solve linear programming and network flow problems.

B.

Teaching Methods:

Linear programming, Simplex method, Duality and Sensitivity

Analysis, Polynomial algorithms, Minimal cost network flows, and

Transportation and assignment problems, the out-of killer algorithm,

Maximal flow problem, Shortest path algorithm, the Revised simplex

algorithm.

C.

Topic Outline:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week

D.

Assessment:

1.

Continuous Assessment

1.1 Assessment

1.2 Tests

46

=

=

=

30%

10%

20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

=

=

70%

100

Texts:

Linear Programming and Network Flows by M.S. Bazaraa, J.J. Jarvis,

H.D. Sherali, 2nd., John wiley (1990);

Operations Research, Applications and Algorithms by W. L. Winston,

2nd ed., PWS - KENT Publ. Co. (1991).

MAT6011 - OPTIMIZATION II

A.

A real life situations can not be formulated as a Linear programming

problem. This course is an extension of optimization I, which provides

methods of optimization I, which provides methods of optimization of nonlinear functions.

At the end of the course, students will be expected to formulate and solve

integer, Quadratic and Non-linear programming problems.

B.

Topic Outline:

Integer Programming, The Branch and Bound Method, Knapsack Problems,

the cutting plane algorithm, Non-linear programming, golden section

search, Unconstrained maximization and minimization with several

variables, Langrange multipliers, Quadratic programming.

C.

Teaching Methods:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1.

Continuos Assessment

1.1 Assignment

1.2 Test

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

=

=

=

30%

10%

20%

=

=

70%

100%

Tests:

Operations Research, Applications and Algorithms by W. L. Winston, 2nd

ed., PWS-KENT Publ. Co. (1991).

47

Inter. Inc. (1992).

MAT6051 - Econometrics

A.

Econometrics deals with formulating an economic phenomena into a

statistical model or a set of statistical hypotheses to explain it.

Econometric methods are used to estimate the parameters of the model, to

test hypotheses concerning them and to forecast the model.

At the end of this course, students will be expected to know which factors

can explain a given economic phenomena, how these factors should be

measured, what quantitative relationships exist, how such relations can be

estimated or tested and what conclusions can be drawn from the

investigations.

B.

Topic Outline:

The Two-variable Linear Model, Extensions of the Two-variable Linear

Model, The K-variable Linear Model, Generalized least squares, Lagged

variables, Time series Methods.

C.

Teaching Methods:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1.

Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

TOTAL

= 100%

Text:

-Econometric Methods by J. Johnston, 3rd ed., John Wiley (1991)

48

Addison-Wesley, (1996)

-Econmetrics by T. Dudley & J. Lew Silver, Addison-Wesley, (1988)

A.

This course provides methods of determining optimum levels of

stocks under demand and supply conditions in a production system.

Inventory model answer two main questions for any business activity:

(i) How much to order; (ii) When to order. Hence ensures smooth

running of a business/production system.

At the end of this course, students will be expected to find solutions

of inventory problems under deterministic and stochastic demand

and under different production environments.

B.

Topic Outline:

Deterministic EOQ Inventory Models, Probabilistic Inventory Models,

Just in time (jit) approach to production.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and a 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1.

Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

TOTAL

= 100%

Text:

-Operations Research, Applications and Algorithms by W.L. Winston, 2nd

ed., PWS-KENT Publ. Co. (1991).

49

Inter. Inc. (1992)

MATHEMATICAL METHODS

MAT5111 - Ordinary Differential Equations and Integral Equations.

A.

Ordinary differential equations arise in many engineering and physical

problems. This can be in form of mathematical models of various physical

and applied systems. Thus there is need to know if a solution exists and

under what circumstances. This is the aim of this course. Further, many

methods of solving such equations have been developed and this course

satisfies the needs of mathematicians and other applied scientists.

Integral equations are useful in analysis.

Problems in mechanical

vibrations, engineering and mathematical physics require knowledge of

integral equations. It is possible at times to transform an integral equation

into a differential equation and obtain a numerical solution. However,

differentiation increases errors while integration tend to smooth out the

errors. This calls for the need to study differential and integral equations

side by side.

B.

Topic Outline

Theory of linear equations, Sturm-Liouville Theory, Series solutions,

distribution of zeros of solutions, introduction to non-linear equations, E.V.

problems.

Definitions and classification of integral equations, Fredholm theory,

Volterra equations, questions of existence of solutions, Hilbert-Schmidt

theory, Singular integral equations with Cauchy-type Kennels.

C.

Teaching Method

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

50

D.

Assessment

1.

Continuous Assessment =

1.1 Assignment

=

1.2 Tests

=

2.

E.

=

=

70%

100%

Texts

Ordinary Differential Equations by W. Bolton, longmna (1994);

Integral Equations by F. G. Tricomi, John Wiley (1957);

Differential Equations: A modeling Approach by Frank R. Giodano &

Maurice Weir, Addison-Wesley (1991).

MAT5141

A.

Final Examination

Total

30%

10%

20%

This course is essential to students of mathematics. It continues on the

concepts and ideas developed in undergraduate level courses. The idea of

complex functions in analysis is treated in detail. Students need the

material in this course in that the ideas (e.g. convergence) are found and

are necessary in all fields of mathematics.

In addition to this, the calculus of variations play an important role in the

fields of analysis, physics and engineering. It is a powerful method of

obtaining solutions to problems in these fields. Ideally, one can say,

calculus of variation also extends concepts develops in undergraduate

course in that it involved problems of finding extremum. But problems

found in calculus of variations are usually not suited to elementary

calculus and infact it is functional which are most considered in calculus of

variations. Thus a student needs this course in that even numerical

solutions do require one to know that no other method can be applied to

obtain a solution.

B.

Topic Outline:

Multivalued functions, Riemann surfaces, Infinite complex integrals,

Infinite series and infinite products - their convergence and properties,

transformations,

applications.

The basic problem of the calculus of variation, direct methods of solution,

existence and uniqueness of solutions, equivalent bounded value problems,

indirect methods of solution, applications in 1, 2, 3, -D.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

51

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment

1.1

Assignment

1.2

Tests

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 30%

= 10%

= 20%

=

=

70%

100

Texts:

Advanced Calculus by Wilfred Kaplan, 4th ed., addison-wesley (1992);

Real and Complex analysis, Rudin, W., McGraw-Hill (1966)

Applied Complex Variables by Dettman, J.W, Longman (1965);

Theory of functions by Tichmarsh, W.C., Oxford University Press (1939);

A.

Partial differential equations which have one or more independent variables

and

partial derivatives. Most problems of mathematical physics are of this type.

An

introductory course in partial differential equations should touch on

classical types of equations.

This course aims to give the necessary

background for a student who wants to pursue further research in this field of

mathematics. Classical equations are introduced and their application to real

life situations is illustrated in this course. Students from other departments

(like physics, engineering, etc) will find this course quite interesting and

stimulating.

B.

Topic Outline:

The P.D.E's of mathematical Physics, classification, methods of solution,

equivalent problems in integral equations using Green function, reduction to

equivalent variational

problem, numerical methods of solution

(characteristics, etc).

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

= 70%

52

Total

= 100%

E.

Texts:

Partial Differential Equations, Rauch, J., Springer-Verlag (1991);

Method of mathematical Physics (II), Courant, R.. & Hilbert, D., John Wiley

(1989);

Partial Differential Equations, John, F., Springer-Verlag (1964)

Partial Differential Equations by P. R. Gaberedian, John Wiley (1964).

A.

These topics are formerly units which formed M510 and are included here as

they prepare students in other areas of mathematical analysis and for

subsequent research work.

B.

Topic Outline:

Advanced calculus of several variables, Special functions, Fourier series and

Orthogonal Polynomials, Asymptotic Expansions, etc.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Comments:

These topics were formerly units in the previous M530 and are not

completely described due to lack of specialist staff.

53

ALGEBRA

MAT5211 - Theory of Rings and Modules

A.

A graduate course in Algebra must primary prepare students to handle the

algebra which they will meet in all of mathematics: topology, partial

differential equations, differential geometry, algebraic geometry, analysis and

representation theory, not to speak of algebraic number theory with all its

ramifications.

This course introduces the student to another algebraic structure not fully

covered at undergraduate level and to the methods of algebraic geometry

rooted in commutative algebra and the theory of modules, mostly over a

Neotherian ring.

B.

Topic Outline:

Rings and homomorphisms, commutative rings, polynomials and group rings,

localization, principal and factorial rings.

The group of homomorphisms of modules, Direct products and sums of

modules, free modules, The dual space and dual module, modules over

principal rings, Euler-Poincare maps, The Snake lemma, Direct and inverse

limits.

Noetherina rings and modules, semi-simple and simple rings, the Jacobson

Radical.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

54

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Text:

Algebra by T.W. Hungerford, 8th printing, GTM, vol. 73, Springer (1996);

Algebra by Serge Lang, 3rd ed., Addison-Wesley (1993);

The Theory of Rings by N. H. McCoy, Macmillan (1964);

Lectures in Abstract Algebra I by N. Jacobson, Van Nostrand (1963).

MAT5251

Lie Algebra

A.

This course aims rather to achieve as great a degree of clarity as possible

regarding the main concepts of the theory of Lie Algebras and the techniques

of proof which are used. It is intended to serve as an introduction to the

theory and concentrates on the basic results in the structure theory of Lie

Algebras.

B.

Topic Outline

Lie Algebras and subalgebras, ideas, the commutator series, solvability,

nilpotency, simple and semisimple Lie Algebras, direct and semi-direct sums,

structure theory, Lie's theorem, Engel's theorem, Cartan's criteria for

solvability and for sim-simplicity, the roots of a simple Lie Algebra, the

Dynkin Diagram, the existence and isomorphism theorems, description of the

simple Lie Algebras.

C. Teaching Method

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

E. Texts:

55

(1970);

Note on Lie Algebras by H. Samelson, Van Noostrand, N.Y. (1969);

Lie Algebras by N. Jacobson, Interscience publ., N.Y., (1962)

A.

Group Theory forms an essential part of all mathematics degree courses and

the primary purpose of this course is to provide an account of several major

applications of representation theory to the structure of finite groups. This

course presupposes knowledge of only several basic topics in algebra -a

knowledge of the standard facts of linear Algebra and a modest acquaintance

with group theory.

B.

Topic Outline

Group representations, properties of group characters, induced characters,

GroupTheoretical applications - Algebraic numbers, representations of the group

algebra,

Burnside's (p,q) - theorem, Frobenius groups; Arithmetic properties of group

characters, Real representations.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Text:

56

Press (1987)

Linear Representations of Finite Groups by J.P. Serre, Spinger (1986).

A.

Because of their significance in physics and Lie groups, they have been areas

of intensive study by physicists and chemists, as well as mathematicians.

This course is intended for graduate students who have some knowledge of

finite groups and general topology, but is other wise self-contained. It aims at

introducing the student to new areas of research.

B.

Topic Outline:

Multiply transitive groups, the transitive constituents of G, the method of

Schur, Relationship with representation theory.

C.

D.

Vector and Root graphs, Root systems and subsystems, Cohen graphs and

their classifications;

Decompositions in complex imprimitive reflection groups;

Representations of complex imprimitive reflection groups;

Assessment:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

57

E.

Texts:

Finite Groups of Lie Type: conjugacy classes and complex characters; by R.

W. Carter, Wiley Interscience (1985);

The Theory of Lie Groups by Claude Chevalley, Princeton Univ. Press

(1970);

Finite Permutation Groups by H. Wielandt, Academic Press, N.Y. (1964).

A.

These topics are formerly units which formed M520 and are included here

as they prepare students in other areas of algebra and for subsequent

research work.

B.

Topic Outline:

Geometric Algebra, Number theory, classification of finite simple groups,

Topological groups, The Haar Integral, etc.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Comments:

These topics were formerly units in the previous M530 and are not

described in full due to lack of specialist staff.

58

MAT 5311 - Lebesgue Measure and Integration I

A.

A careful study of Lebesgue Measure and Lebesgue Integration is very

important for any student who wants to use mathematics beyond the

elementary manipulation of formulas to solve standard types of problems.

In order to be able to modify techniques to different problems and adapt

concepts to new contexts, it is very important and necessary to develop a

good understanding of Measurable functions and the geometry of Lebesgue

Measure.

As the use of mathematics in the areas of social science, life science,

economics, management science, engineering and computer science has

grown in the last decade, it has become more important for students to

study these areas of Real and Functional analysis.

B.

Topic Outline:

Measurable functions, Lebesgue measure on Rn, the geometry of Lebesgue

measure, transformation of integrals; construction of the Lebesgue integral,

Relation to the "definite integral and indefinite integral", step functions on

Rn, the Lebesgue integral on Rn, Fubini's theorem, The monotone

convergence theorem, the dominated convergence theorem; the spaces Lp,

bounded linear functional in Lp, holder's inequality, Minkoski's Inequality,

the duality of the spaces Lp, Lq,; The Riesz representation theorem.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week

59

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Texts:

Applications of Functional Analysis and Operator theory by V. Hutson an

dJ. S> Pym, Academic Press (1980);

Real and Complex Analysis by W. Rudin, 2nd., McGraw-Hill (1974);

Real analysis by H. L.. Royden, 2nd ed., The Macmillan co. N. Y> (1968).

A.

This course is an extension of M531. It aims at providing the student with

a basic knowledge of the theory of general measure and measure spaces

and related topics.

B.

Topic Outline:

Basic theory of general measure and measure spaces, the general Lebsgue

Integral, convergence theorems, Product measures, Fubini's theorem,

completion of product measure, convolutions, Total variation measure and

related topics, the dual of C (X), where X is a compact Hausdorff space,

Radon-nikodym theorem and its consequences, Modes of convergence,

convergence in Lp, Convergence in measure.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Texts:

Applications of Functional Analysis and Operator Theory by V. Hutson and

J. S. Pym, Academic Press, (1980);

Real and Complex Analysis by W. Rudin, 2nd ed., Mcgraw-Hill (1974);

Real Analysis by H. L. Royden, 2nd, ed., the macmillan co. N. Y. (1968).

60

A.

It is now widely accepted that functional analysis is a tool of great power in

the solution of mathematical problems arising from physical situations.

The object of this course is to provide the student with a careful selection of

material that is regarded as essential abstract techniques for applications

to functional analysis and other areas of mathematics.

B.

Topic Outlines:

Banach Spaces - Bounded Linear Transformations, Hahn-Banach theorem

and its consequences, Open mapping theorem, Closed graph theorem,

Banach-Steinhaus theorem.

Hilbert Spaces - Inner Product Spaces, Orthonormal Sets, Riesz

representation theorem, Bounded Linear Operations in Hilbert spaces.

C.

D.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Texts:

61

1st ed., Wiley Eastern Ltd. (1989);

First course in Functional Analysis by goffman, C. and G. Pedrick,

Printince Hall, New Delhi (1974);

Functional Analysis by W. Rudin, McGraw-Hill, N.Y. (1973).

A.

This is an extension of m534. This course is intended to provide the basis

for applied mathematicians, theoretically inclined engineers or physicists,

or as an introduction for research students who wish to acquaint

themselves with some of the powerful techniques of functional analysis.

B.

Topic Outline:

Operator Theory - Linear Operators, Self-adjoint operators, Compact

operator, convergence of operators; Spectral Theory - spectrum of an

Operator, Spectral radius, Spectral mapping theorem, Invariant subspaces;

Topological vector spaces - Basic concepts, local bases, locally convex

spaces, Frechet spaces, distributions.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Texts:

Functional analysis by W. Rudin, McGraw-Hill (1973);

62

N. Y. (1958);

First course in Functional Analysis by C. Goggman and G. Pedrick,

Functional Analysis with Application by B. Choudhary and S. Nanda, Wiley

Eastern Ltd. (1989).

A.

A careful study of Real and Functional Analysis is very important for any

student who wants to use mathematics beyond the elementary

manipulations of formulas to solve standard types of problems and adapt

concepts to new contexts, modify techniques to different problems and

adapt concept to new contexts, it is very important and necessary to

develop a good understanding of Real and Functional Analysis. As the use

of mathematics in the areas of social science, life science,, economics,

management science, engineering and computer science has grown in the

last decade, it has become more important for students to study these

areas of Real and Functional Analysis.

These topics are formally units which formed M530 and are included here

as they prepare students in other areas of Real and Functional Analysis

and for subsequent research work.

B.

Topic Outline:

Distribution Theory, fixed Point Theory, Locally convex spaces and related

topics, Theory of Wavelets, etc.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

63

1.2 Tests

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 20%

= 70%

= 100%

Comments:

These topics were formerly units in the previous M530 and are not

described in full due to lack of specialist staff.

APPLIED MATHEMATICS

MAT5511 Theoretical Physics:

A.

Graduate students who want to become familiar with advanced

computational strategies in theoretical physics, will find in this course both

the fundamentals and detailed treatments of these topics.

B.

Topic Outline:

General theory of fluid and Solid Mechanics, Waves and Composite flows,

Complex variable techniques in Mechanics of Continua.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lecturers and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Comments:

These topics were formerly units in the previous M550 and are not

described in full due to lack of specialist staff.

64

MAT5522 Mechanics:

A.

This course provides a thorough account of the necessary mathematical

tools along with many examples in the theory of relativity and in the

general theory of quantum mechanics.

B.

Topic Outline:

Theory of Relativity, general theory in Quantum Mechanics and Statistical

Mechanics.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

= 70%

Total

= 100%

Comments:

These topics were formerly units in the previous M550 and are not

described in full due to lack of specialist staff.

65

THEORETICAL STATISTICS

MAT5611 Mathematics Statistics

A.

The course is a systematic treatment of mathematical statistics from a

theoretical point of view. Consideration is made to important fundamental

ideas and describe them in some detail to appreciate the motivation as well

as the mathematics of the theory in the estimation and hypothesis testing.

It lies the foundation as most statistics deals with either estimation or

hypothesis testing or both estimation and hypothesis testing.

B.

Topic Method:

The theory of parametric estimation, Theory of hypothesis testing, testing

statistical hypothesis, point estimation theory.

C.

Assessment:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

= 70%

66

Total

E.

= 100%

Texts:

Element of Statistics by Fergus Daly, Chris Jones, Daniel Lunn, David

Hand and Kevin Macconway, Addison-Wesley (1995);

Testing statistical hypothesis by E. I. Lehmann, J. Wiley & Sons (1989)

A.

The course is a presentation of up-to-date theory and techniques of

statistical inference in a logically integrated and practical form. To

incorporate the important developments in the subject that have taken

place in the last three decades, this course combines some mathematical

theory of statistics and the application of the theory to practical problems.

B.

Topic Outline:

Multiple Regression Models or Generalized Linear Models, an outline of

generalized linear models, models for continuous data with constant

variance, binary data, Log linear Models, model checking, Models for

survival data.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Texts:

67

Chapman & Hall (1989);

Statistical Models and Methods for life data by J. F. Lawless, J. wiley &

Sons (1982).

A.

The course is aimed at giving the student the basic understanding of the

concepts and theory that are important to the field of non-parametric

statistics. Also the most important basic approaches that lead to nonparametric distribution free tests of hypothesis.

B.

Topic Outline:

Distribution free statistics, U-statistics, power functions and their

properties, Asymptotic Relative efficiency, Confidence Intervals and

Bounds, Point Estimation, Linear rank statistics under the null hypothesis,

Two-sample location and scale problems, the one-sample location problem,

other important problems.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hour lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

68

E.

Texts:

Introduction to theory of Non-parametric statistics by R. H> Randles and D.

A. Wolfe & Sons (1979).

A.

Statistical inference techniques, if not applied to the real world, will lose

their importance and appear to be deductive exercises. The aim of the

course is to give statistical analysis of lifetime or response time data. This

topic is of considerable interest to statisticians and workers in areas such

as engineering, medicine, and biological sciences. The field has expanded

rapidly in recent years, and publications on the subject can be found in the

literatures of several disciplines besides statistics.

B.

Topic Outline:

Introduction, Random sampling, Relative Risk, Odds Ratio and Attributable

Risk, Adjustment of data without use of multivariate models and using

multiple linear regression, follow-up studies: Life tables and person years,

comparison of numerical results for various methods of adjustment, the

primacy of data collection.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

69

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Texts:

Statistical Methods in epidemiology by H. A Kalm and C. T. Sempos, Oxford

Univ. Press (1983)

A.

This course discusses the statistical inference with the probability

background. The rigorous expression that degrees of uncertainty require

are furnished by mathematical methods and probability concepts which

form the foundations of modern statistical theory. Quantitative inference, if

it were to retain its scientific character, could not be divested of its logical,

mathematical, and probabilistic aspects.

B.

Topic Outline:

Algebra of Vectors and Matrices, Probability theory:

tools and

technicalities, continuous probability models, Theory of least squares and

Analysis of variance, Criteria and Methods of Estimation, Large sample

theory and models, theory of statistical inference.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

70

E.

Text:

Linear Statistical Inference and its Applications by C. R. Rao, 2nd Ed., J.

wiley & Sons (1973).

GEOMETRY

MAT5761 Classical Geometry and Geometric Structures

A.

These topics are formerly units which formed M570 and are included here

as they prepare students in other fields of mathematics and for subsequent

research work.

B.

Topic Outline:

Theory of surfaces (Gauss), Riemannian geometry, Tensor calculus on

Riemannian spaces, Differentiable manifolds, fibre bundles, symplectic

geometries.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

E.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

Comments:

71

These topics were formerly units in the previous M570 and are not

described in full to lack of specialist staff.

NUMERICAL ANALYSIS

MAT5811 Numerical solutions to Partial Differential Equations

A.

Numerical methods of solving partial differential equations are necessary

for equations that have no closed form solution. An important class of

partial differential equations is that of the second order which is further

classified into parabolic, hyperbolic and elliptic. The content of this course

is a basis for all who do mathematical modeling of physical phenomena and

others.

The objectives of this course are to provide:

a.

An understanding of 2nd order partial differential equations

b.

An understanding of the basic numerical methods for solving 2nd

order partial differential equations.

B.

Topic Outline:

Numerical solutions to elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic partial differential

equations. Method of characteristics for hyperbolic equations. Finite

difference methods for elliptic and parabolic equations. Stability and

convergence for iterative methods and error analysis.

C.

Teaching Method

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

72

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

= 70%

Total

= 100%

E.

Texts:

Numerical Analysis by D. Kincaid & W. Cheney, Brooks/Cole Publ.co.

(1991);

Numerical analysis by R. L. Burden and J. D. Faires, 4th ed., PWS-KENT

publ. co. (1989);

Numerical solutions of Partial Differential Equations by G. D. Smith,

Oxford Univ. Press (1965).

A.

Solutions to many physical problems require the calculation, or at least

estimation of the eigenvalues and corresponding eigenvectors of a matrix

associated with a linear system of equations. Various methods apply to

different structures of matrices, hence the study of solutions of the different

structures of matrices is necessary.

The study of approximation theory involves two general types of problems.

One problem arises when a function is given explicitly but we wish to find a

simpler type of function, such as a polynomial, that can be used to

determine approximate value of the given function. The other problem is

concerned with fitting functions to given data and finding the best

function in a certain class that can be used to represent the data. This is a

basic course for those dealing with data.

The objectives of this course are to provide:

a.

An understanding of the eigenvalue problem for general matrices;

b.

An understanding of the basic methods of approximation theory;

c.

An understanding of methods of solution of the eigenvalue problem

B.

Topic Outline:

The eigen value problem for general matrices, transformation to Hessenberg

form, solution by Q-R methods, direct and inverse iterations, Error

analysis, application to non-linear simultaneous equations of conjugate

gradient, Newton methods. Least squares approximation to functions and

orthogonal expansions in algebraic or trigonometric polynomials, uniform

and L norms, minimax and other approximations.

73

C.

D.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

E.

Text:

Numerical analysis by D. Kincaid & W. Cheney, Brooks/Cole Publ. co.

(1991);

Numerical analysis by R. L. Burden and J. D. Faires, 4th ed., PWS-KENT

Publ. co. (1989).

PROBABILITY THEORY

MAT5922

A.

Probability I

This course links the probability theory to its applications in the physical

and social sciences and in operations research.

At the end of the course, students will be expected to

probabilistically.

Probability theory techniques to physical social sciences problems.

think

B.

Topic Outline:

Markov Chains, Poisson process, Continuous time Markov chains,

Renewal theory, Queuing theory, Reliability theory, Brownian motion and

stationary processes, simulation.

C.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week

D.

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

74

E.

Text:

Introduction to Probability Models by Sheldon M. Ross, 5th ed., Academic

Press, Inc. (1993).

MAT6911 Probability II

A.

This course develops the mathematical theory of probability; an approach

different from the intuitive understanding of the probability.

At the end of the course, students will be expected to understand

probability spaces as measure spaces, random variables as measurable

functions and should know probability axioms and their application in the

Decision theory and forecasting models.

B.

C.

D.

Topic Outline:

Probability spaces as measure-spaces, Random variables as measurable

functions, Independence, Conditional probability, Expectation, Martinglaes,

Characteristic functions, Limit theorems, Decision theory, Forecasting

models.

Teaching Method:

3 hours of lectures and 1 hour of tutorial per week

Assessment:

1. Continuous Assessment = 30%

1.1 Assignment

= 10%

1.2 Tests

= 20%

2.

Final Examination

Total

= 70%

= 100%

75

E.

Text:

Operations Research, an Introduction by Handy, R., 5th ed., Academic

Press, Inc. (1992);

Operations Research, Applications and Algorithms by W. L. Winston, 2nd

ed., PWS-KENT Publ. co. (1991).

NOTE:

The following numbers have been used in the third digit slot:

4 a second course in the same field taught in the 1st semester;

6 an optinal course;

8 a second course in the same field taught in the 2nd semester.

TEACHING METHOD:

Three hours of lectures and a one hour tutorial per week in all courses.

MAT6000 DISSERTATION

Once a candidate has successfully completed Part I of the program, he/she may

register for Part II. A research project is then undertaken, and a dissertation is

submitted on the subject of the project. The dissertation should comply with the

regulations provided by the Directorate of Postgraduate and Research.

76

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