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Heat Exchanger Tutorial 1

1. Classify heat exchangers according to flow type and explain the characteristics of each
type.
2. Classify heat exchangers according to construction type and explain the characteristics of
each type.
3. What is the role of the baffles in a shell-and-tube heat exchanger? How does the presence
of baffles affect the heat transfer and the pumping power requirements? Explain.

4. Draw a 1-shell-pass and 6-tube-passes shell-and-tube heat exchanger. What are the
advantages and disadvantages of using 6 tube passes instead of just 2 of the same
diameter?
5. What are the heat transfer mechanisms involved during heat transfer from the hot to the
cold fluid?

6. Under what conditions can the overall heat transfercoefficient of a heat exchanger be
determined from U = (1/hi +1/ho)_1?
7. What are the common causes of fouling in a heat exchanger? How does fouling affect
heat transfer and pressure drop?

8. A double-pipe heat exchanger is constructed of a copper (k =380 W/m C) inner tube of


internal diameter Di =1.2 cm and external diameter Do =1.6 cm and an outer tube of
diameter 3.0 cm. The convection heat transfer coefficient is reported to be hi =700 W/m2
C on the inner surface of the tube and ho =1400 W/m2 C on its outer surface. For a
fouling factor Rf, i =0.0005 m2 C/W on the tube side and Rf, o =0.0002 m2 C/W on
the shell side, determine (a) the thermal resistance of the heat exchanger per unit length
and (b) the overall heat transfer coefficients Ui and Uo based on the inner and outer
surface areas of the tube, respectively.
9. A long thin-walled double-pipe heat exchanger with tube and shell diameters of 1.0 cm
and 2.5 cm, respectively, is used to condense refrigerant 134a by water at 20C. The
refrigerant flows through the tube, with a convection heat transfer coefficient of hi =5000
W/m2 C. Water flows through the shell at a rate of 0.3 kg/s. Determine the overall heat
transfer coefficient of this heat exchanger.

10. In the heat transfer relation Q= U.As. Tlm for a heat exchanger, what is Tlm called? How is
it calculated for a parallel-flow and counter-flow heat exchanger?
11. Can the outlet temperature of the cold fluid in a heatexchanger be higher than the outlet
temperature of the hot fluid in a parallel-flow heat exchanger? How about in a counterflow heat exchanger? Explain.
12. A double-pipe parallel-flow heat exchanger is to heat water (Cp =4180 J/kg C) from
25C to 60C at a rate of 0.2 kg/s. The heating is to be accomplished by geothermal water
(Cp =4310 J/kg C) available at 140C at a mass flow rate of 0.3 kg/s. The inner tube is
thin-walled and has a diameter of 0.8 cm. If the overall heat transfer coefficient of the
heat exchanger is 550 W/m2 C, determine the length of the heat exchanger required to
achieve the desired heating.
13. A test is conducted to determine the overall heat transfer coefficient in a shell-and-tube
oil-to-water heat exchanger that has 24 tubes of internal diameter 1.2 cm and length 2 m
in a single shell. Cold water (Cp =4180 J/kg C) enters the tubes at 20C at a rate of 5
kg/s and leaves at 55C. Oil(Cp =2150 J/kg C) flows through the shell and is cooled
from 120C to 45C. Determine the overall heat transfer coefficient Ui of this heat
exchanger based on the inner surface area of the tubes.
14. A thin-walled double-pipe counter-flow heat exchanger is to be used to cool oil (Cp =
2200 J/kg C) from 150C to 40C at a rate of 2 kg/s by water (Cp =4180 J/kg
C) that enters at 22C at a rate of 1.5 kg/s. The diameter of the tube is 2.5 cm, and its
length is 6 m. Determine the overall heat transfer coefficient of this heat exchanger.
15. A shell-and-tube heat exchanger with 2-shell passes and 12-tube passes is used to heat
water (Cp =4180 J/kg C) in the tubes from 20C to 70C at a rate of 4.5 kg/s. Heat is
supplied by hot oil (Cp = 2300 J/kg C) that enters the shell side at 170C at a rate of 10
kg/s. For a tube-side overall heat transfer coefficient of 600 W/m2 C, determine the
heat transfer surface area on the tube side.