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LTE - Random Access

Some information concerning PRACH/RACH configuration

1 September 2010
Created by: Peter Stckl
peter.stoeckl@nsn.com
NWS LTE RA E2E SA NE LTE
Nokia Siemens Networks 2010. All rights reserved.

LTE - Random Access


Some information concerning PRACH/RACH configuration

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Table of Contents

1 RACH - OVERVIEW ............................................................................................................................ 3


1.1 USED FOR ..................................................................................................................................... 3
1.2 RACH TYPES................................................................................................................................ 3
1.3 PRACH CONFIGURATION .......................................................................................................... 4
2 INVOLVED PARAMETER ..................................................................................................................... 7
2.1 RACH CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................................ 7
2.1.1 PRACH CONFIGURATION INDEX ...................................................................................... 7
2.1.2 PRACH FREQUENCY OFFSET ........................................................................................... 10
2.1.3 PRACH ROOT SEQUENCE ................................................................................................ 16
2.1.4 PRACH CYCLIC SHIFT ...................................................................................................... 18
2.1.5 PRACH HIGH SPEED FLAG .............................................................................................. 21
2.2 RACH TIMING .......................................................................................................................... 21
2.2.1 RANDOM ACCESS RESPONSE WINDOW .......................................................................... 21
2.2.2 MAXIMUM CONTENT RESOLUTION TIMER .................................................................... 22
2.2.3 RANDOM ACCESS BACKOFF .............................................................................................. 22
2.2.4 PREAMBLE TRANSMISSION MAXIMUM ............................................................................ 23
2.2.5 C-RNTI REUSE TIMER ....................................................................................................... 23
2.3 PREAMBLE / PREAMBLE GROUPS ............................................................................................ 24
2.3.1 OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................................... 24
2.3.2 NUMBER OF RA PREAMBLES............................................................................................. 24
2.3.3 RA PREAMBLES GROUP A SIZE......................................................................................... 25
2.3.4 RA MESSAGE POWER OFFSET FOR GROUP B SELECTION ............................................. 25
2.4 MESSAGE SIZE MESSAGE CODING ........................................................................................... 25
2.4.1 LARGE SIZE RA MCS IN UL .............................................................................................. 25
2.4.2 LARGE SIZE RA DATA VOLUME IN UL ............................................................................ 25
2.4.3 SAMLL SIZE RA MCS IN UL .............................................................................................. 26
2.4.4 SMALL SIZE RA DATA VOLUME IN UL ........................................................................... 26
2.4.5 MAX CODERATE FOR RA MSG4 ...................................................................................... 26
2.4.6 MAX CODERATE FOR RA MSG2 (RAR) ........................................................................... 26
2.4.7 MAX NUMBER OF MSG3 HARQ TRANSMISSIONS ......................................................... 27
2.4.8 PDCCH AGGREGATION LEVEL FOR RA MSG4 ............................................................. 27
2.4.9 PDCCH AGGREGATION LEVEL FOR PREAMBLE ASSIGNMENTS ................................... 27
2.4.10 PDCCH AGGREGATION LEVEL FOR RAR..................................................................... 28
2.5 RACH POWER ........................................................................................................................... 28
2.5.1 OVERVIEW POWER RAMPING ........................................................................................... 28
2.5.2 PREAMBLE INITIAL RECEIVED TARGET POWER ............................................................. 28
2.5.3 RA POWER RAMPING SETUP ............................................................................................ 29
2.5.4 POWER RAMPING STEP FOR RA ........................................................................................ 29
2.5.5 TPC COMMAND IN RAR ................................................................................................... 29
3 TYPE OF RACH PROCEDURES ......................................................................................................... 30
3.1 CONTENTION BASED ................................................................................................................ 30

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

3.1.1 OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................................... 30


3.1.2 PROCESS WITHOUT PROBLEMS ........................................................................................ 31
3.1.3 PROCESS WITH PROBLEMS PREAMBLE/RAR DETECTION/DECODING.......................... 32
3.1.4 PROCESS WITH PROBLEMS MSG3 PROBLEMS ................................................................. 33
3.2 CONTENTION FREE ................................................................................................................... 34
3.2.1 OVERVIEW .......................................................................................................................... 34
3.2.2 PROCESS .............................................................................................................................. 35
4 RACH/PRACH PLANNING/DIMENSIONING .................................................................................. 36
4.1 RECOMMENDATION .................................................................................................................. 36
4.2 PREAMBLE SELECTION ............................................................................................................. 36
4.2.1 NORMAL CELL.................................................................................................................... 36
4.2.2 HIGH SPEED CELL ............................................................................................................. 38
5 PM-COUNTER ................................................................................................................................... 42
5.1 NUMBER OF AVAILABLE RACH CHANNELS............................................................................ 42
5.2 RACH SETUP ATTEMPTS .......................................................................................................... 42
5.3 RACH SETUP COMPLETIONS ................................................................................................... 43
5.4 UL PRB UTILIZATION PER PRACH, PUCCH, PUSCH ........................................................ 43
6 REFERENCES ...................................................................................................................................... 45

1 RACH - Overview
1.1 Used for
Relevant scenarios for RACH usage:

UE in RRC connected state / not uplink-synchronized need to send new UL data or


control information

UE in RRC connected state / not uplink-synchronized need to receive new DL data and
therefore had to transmit ACK/NACK in UL

UE in RRC connected state / handing over from current serving cell to a target cell

Transition from RRC_IDLE to RRC Connected state


(e.g. initial access or tracking area update)

Recovering from radio link failure

Exceptional an uplink-synchronized UE is allowed to send a SR if it has no other UL


resource to send the SR.

1.2 RACH types


Contention-based: (implying an inherent risk of collision)
Contention based Radom Access
Procedure

UE

eNB
Random Access Preamble
( on PRACH)

( with embedded1- bit indication for L


2/L 3 message size)

Random Access Response


( on PDCCH+ PDSCH)
( Timing Adjustment,C- RNTI, UL grant for L2/ 3 message..)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

L2/L 3 message
(

PUSCH transmission including contentin resolution


identity)

Contention resolution Message


4
Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

Contention-free
Contention Free Random Access
Procedure

UE

eNB

Random Access Preamble Assignment


0
Random Access Preamble
( on PRACH)

Random Access Respoonse


( on PDCCH+ PDSCH)

For new downlink data or HO eNB has the


option of allocating a dedicated signature to a
UE => contention free access is possible =>
faster than contention based and therefore
better for time-critical procedures like HO
Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

1.3 PRACH Configuration

PRACH not in PUCCH area

Time-frequency resource semi-statically allocated within PUSCH

Periodicity: Once in 20ms up to every sub-frame / max one RACH resource per subframe

Bandwidth: 6 PRBs (1.08MHz) / (for 1.4 MHz system whole bandwidth)


(Sub-carrier spacing 1.5kHz for Preamble Format 0-3 and 7.5kHz for Preamble Format
4)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Multiplexing of PRACH with PUSCH & PUCCH:

~ 1 data subcarrier guard


band

864 subcarriers

fRA = 1.25kHz

f = 15kHz

72 subcarriers (6 RBs)

~ 1 data subcarrier guard


band

839 subcarrieres (sc)

12.5 sc

PRACH

12.5 sc

PUSCH

FDD the start of the RACH burst shall be aligned with UL sub-frame assuming timing
advance of zero
TDD - for preamble formats 0-3 the start of the RACH burst shall be aligned with the
UL sub-frame assuming timing advance of zero
TDD for preamble format 4 the start of the RACH burst shall be 4832 * Ts (Ts = 1 /
30.72 MHz ) before the end of the UpPTS at the UE, where the UpPTS is referenced to
the UEs uplink frame timing assuming timing advance of zero.

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Formats:

Length typically one sub-frame


(0.1ms CP + 0.8ms Preamble sequence + 0.1ms guard period)

Four different formats available for different environments (e.g. large cells..)
(5 formats for TDD)

903s
800s

Format 0

CP

Preamble Sequence

1.08MHz (6 PRBs)

103s
1484s

CP

Format 1

Preamble Sequence
800s

684s
1803s

Format 2

CP

Preamble Sequence

203s

800s

Preamble Sequence
800s

CP

Preamble Sequence

Preamble Sequence

684s

800s

800s

Format 3

Preamble
Format

TCP [s]

TSEQ [s]

Typical usage

103.13

800

Normal 1 ms RA burst with 800 s preamble


sequence, for small-medium cells
(up to ~14 km)

684.38

800

2 ms RA burst with 800 s preamble


sequence, for large cells (up to ~77 km)
without a link budget problem

203.13

1600

2 ms RA burst with 1600 s preamble


sequence, for medium cell (up to ~29 km)
and increased path loss

684.38

1600

3 ms RA burst with 1600 s preamble


sequence, for very large cells (up to ~100 km)
and increased path loss

14.58

133.33

Frame structure type 2 and special subframe


configurations with UpPTS lengths 4384 Ts
and 5120 Ts only. [Ts = 1 / 30.72MHz] (up to
1.4 km cell range)

Zadoff-Chu sequences with length 839 (prime number) for Preamble Format 0-3 and 139 for
Preamble Format 4 are used

Available Sequences.
o

838 for Preamble Format 0-3

138 for Preamble Format 4

Cyclic shifts:
o

16 for Preamble Format 0-3

6 for Preamble Format 4

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2284s

Detection is sensitive to considerable Doppler shifts => special rules for high speed cells

UE selects preamble from 64 different sequences configured for each cell

RACH Procedure Overview

UE selects randomly a preamble from the list of preambles broadcasted in the BCCH

UE calculates OLPC (open loop power control) parameters (Initial Tx Power)

UE checks contention parameters (i.e. max number of retries)

UE transmits initial RACH and waits for a response before retry. Open loop PC ensures
that each retry will be at a higher level.

Upon receipt of successful UL RACH preamble eNB calculates power adjustment and
timing advance parameters together with an UL capacity grant.

2 Involved Parameter
(Remark: Based on RL10 for FDD and RL15TD for TDD)

2.1 RACH Configuration


2.1.1 PRACH Configuration Index

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

FDD

Name:

prachConfIndex:

Description:

PRACH Configuration Index: Defines allowed System frame and sub-frame


numbers for random access attempts, and the preamble format

Range/Step:

3...24, step 1

Default:

Remark:

For more information see table below. The highlighted configurations are
supported by RL10

PRACH
Configuration
Index

Subframe #

PRACH
Configuration
Index

Preamble
Format

System
frame
#

Subframe
#

Even

32

Even

Even

33

Even

Even

34

Even

Preamble
Format

System
frame
#

1
2

Subframe #

PRACH
Configuration
Index

Any

Any

Preamble
Format

System
frame
#

Preamble
Format

System
frame
#

Subframe
#

35

Any

36

Any

Any

37

Any

Any

1, 6

38

Any

1, 6

Any

2 ,7

39

Any

2 ,7

Any

3, 8

40

Any

3, 8

Any

1, 4, 7

41

Any

1, 4, 7

10

Any

2, 5, 8

42

Any

2, 5, 8

11

Any

3, 6, 9

43

Any

3, 6, 9

12

Any

0, 2, 4,
6, 8

44

Any

0, 2, 4,
6, 8

13

Any

1, 3, 5,
7, 9

45

Any

1, 3, 5,
7, 9

14

Any

0, 1, 2,
3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9

46

N/A

N/A

N/A

15

Even

47

Even

16

Even

48

Even

17

Even

49

Even

18

Even

50

Even

19

Any

51

Any

20

Any

52

Any

21

Any

53

Any

22

Any

1, 6

54

Any

1, 6

23

Any

2 ,7

55

Any

2 ,7

24

Any

3, 8

56

Any

3, 8

25

Any

1, 4, 7

57

Any

1, 4, 7

26

Any

2, 5, 8

58

Any

2, 5, 8

27

Any

3, 6, 9

59

Any

3, 6, 9

28

Any

0, 2, 4,
6, 8

60

N/A

N/A

N/A

29

Any

1, 3, 5,
7, 9

61

N/A

N/A

N/A

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

PRACH
Configuration
Index

PRACH
Configuration
Index

Subframe #

PRACH
Configuration
Index

N/A

N/A

Even

Preamble
Format

System
frame
#

30

N/A

31

Preamble
Format

System
frame
#

Subframe
#

62

N/A

N/A

N/A

63

Even

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

TDD

Name:

prachConfIndex:

Description:

PRACH Configuration Index: Defines allowed System frame and sub-frame


numbers for random access attempts, and the preamble format

Range/Step:

3...53, step 1

Default:

Remark:

For more information see table below. The highlighted configurations are
supported by RL15TD. PRACH Configuration Index within range 2325 and
3335 can be used only when tddUplinkDownlinkConf [ulDlConfTD] is set to
sa1 and tddSpecialSubframeConf [spcSubConfTD] is set to ssp5. See next
table for PRACH Configuration Index, Preamble Format and RACH Density.

Preamble
Format

Density
per
10ms
(DRA)

Preamble
Format

Density
per
10ms
(DRA)

Version
(rRA)

32

0.5

33

0.5

34

35

36

37

38

39

40

0.5

41

0.5

10

42

0.5

11

43

12

44

13

45

PRACH
Configuration
Index

Version
(rRA)

PRACH
Configuration
Index

0.5

0.5

Preamble
Format

Density
per
10ms
(DRA)

Preamble
Format

Density
per
10ms
(DRA)

Version
(rRA)

14

46

15

47

48

0.5

49

0.5

18

50

0.5

19

51

20

0.5

52

21

0.5

53

22

0.5

54

23

55

24

56

25

57

26

58

N/A

N/A

N/A

27

59

N/A

N/A

N/A

28

60

N/A

N/A

N/A

29

61

N/A

N/A

N/A

30

0.5

62

N/A

N/A

N/A

31

0.5

63

N/A

N/A

N/A

PRACH
Configuration
Index

Version
(rRA)

PRACH
Configuration
Index

16

17

2.1.2 PRACH Frequency Offset

Name:

prachFreqOff

Description:

PRACH Frequency Offset: First physical resource block available for PRACH in
the UL system frequency band.

Range/Step:

0...94, step 1

Default:

Remark:

The values for the parameter PRACH FrequencyOffset should be set in such a
way that overlapping of PRACH with PUCCH is avoided, however positioning
the PRACH nearby one of the two side of the BW in order to maximize the
PUSCH area manageable by the scheduler. If X is the total number of PUCCH

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

FDD

10

resources the PRACH FrequencyOffset shall be calculated as given below:


1.

when PRACH is near to the right side of the BW:

prach-FrequencyOffset =
2.

UL
N RB
6 X
2

when PRACH is near to the left side of the BW:


X

prach-FrequencyOffset = 2 ,
where is floor operation to round the elements of to the nearest
integers towards plus infinity.
For example in the case of BW 20MHz, the number of PRB is 100 and
MaxNbrOfOFDMSymsForPDCCH =3 the total PUCCH resource are 9 and
therefore:
prach-FrequencyOffset = 100 - 6 - 5 = 94 - 5 = 89
(if PRACH shall be placed on the right side)
or
prach-FrequencyOffset = 5
(if PRACH shall be placed on the left side)
As said above the configuration of PRACH Offset according to tone of the
above formulas is not mandatory but guarantees the non overlapping of
PUCCH signaling with PRACH and at the same time maximize the UL
scheduler performance providing the largest possible area available for
scheduling to PUSCH. In RL09 the scheduler can handle only one PUSCH area.

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

TDD

11

Name:

prachFreqOff

Description:

PRACH Frequency Offset: First physical resource block available for PRACH in
the UL system frequency band.

Range/Step:

0...94, step 1

Default:

Remark:

In case preamble format 4 is selected prachFreqOff must be set to 0.


For preamble format 0-3, the values for the parameter PRACH
FrequencyOffset should be set in such a way that overlapping of PRACH with
PUCCH is avoided, however positioning the PRACH nearby the border of the
BW in order to maximize the PUSCH area manageable by the scheduler.
The mapping of the random access preamble in time and frequency can be

taken out of the following table. The quadruples (fRA, t0RA, t1RA, t2RA) in this
table indicate the location of a specific random access resource where
indicates a frequency resource within the considered time
instance

fRA

t0RA =0,1;2 indicates whether the random access resource is reoccurring in all
radio frames, in even radio frames, or in odd radio frames
t1RA =0,1

indicates whether the random access resource is located in first


half frame or in second half frame

t2RA

indicates the uplink sub-frame number where the preamble


starts, counting from 0 at the first uplink sub-frame between 2
consecutive downlink-to-uplink switch points, with the exception
of preamble format 4 where it is denoted as (*)

Frequency multiplexing
for preamble format 0-3 shall be done according to:

+ 6
2
=

6 6
2

where

2 = 0

is the number of uplink resource blocks


is the first physical resource block allocated to the PRACH
opportunity

and

6
0

6 ( + 1)

1
2 (2 ) +
2 = 0

where

is the system frame number


is the number of DL to UL switch points within the radio frame

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

and for preamble format 4 according to :

12

PRACH
Configuration Index

(0,1,0,2) (0,1,0,1) (0,1,0,0) (0,1,0,2) (0,1,0,1) (0,1,0,0) (0,1,0,2)

1
2
3
4

(0,2,0,2)
(0,1,1,2)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,2)

(0,2,0,1)
(0,1,1,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)

5
6

(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,2)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)

(0,0,0,0)
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
N/A
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,1) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,1) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,1) (0,0,1,0) (0,0,0,2) (0,0,0,1) (1,0,0,0) (0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
N/A
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,0)
N/A
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)

(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,2)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
N/A

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)

(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,1,2)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,2)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,1,2)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,1,2)

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
N/A

8
9

10

11

12

13

14

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

sa6

13

sa0

tddUplinkDownlinkConf [ulDlConfTD]
sa1
sa2
sa3
sa4
sa5

15

16

N/A

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,1,1)

(0,2,0,0)
(0,1,1,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)

(0,2,0,2)
(0,1,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,0,1)

(0,2,0,1) (0,2,0,0) (0,2,0,2)


(0,1,0,0)
N/A
(0,1,1,1)
(0,0,0,1) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2)
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
(0,0,1,1)

(0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,1)


(0,0,1,0) (0,0,0,1) (0,0,0,1) (1,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2)
(1,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2) (1,0,0,1) (2,0,0,0) (0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(1,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0) (0,0,0,1) (0,0,0,1) (1,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2)
(1,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2) (1,0,0,0) (2,0,0,0) (0,0,1,0)
(1,0,1,0) (1,0,0,2) (1,0,0,1) (3,0,0,0) (0,0,1,1)
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,0,2)
(1,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0) (0,0,0,1) (0,0,0,1) (1,0,0,0) (0,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2) (1,0,0,0) (2,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2)
(1,0,1,0) (1,0,0,1) (1,0,0,1) (3,0,0,0) (0,0,1,0)
(2,0,0,0) (1,0,0,2) (2,0,0,1) (4,0,0,0) (0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0) (0,0,0,0)
N/A
N/A
(0,0,1,0) (0,0,0,1) (0,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,0) (0,0,0,2) (1,0,0,0)
(1,0,1,0) (1,0,0,0) (1,0,0,1)
(2,0,1,0) (1,0,0,2) (2,0,0,0)

17

sa0

tddUplinkDownlinkConf [ulDlConfTD]
sa1
sa2
sa3
sa4
sa5

19

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,2)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,1,2)
N/A

20 / 30
21 / 31
22 / 32
23 / 33

(0,1,0,1)
(0,2,0,1)
(0,1,1,1)
(0,0,0,1)

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(1,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,1,0)
(0,1,0,0)
(0,2,0,0)
(0,1,1,0)
(0,0,0,0)

24 / 34
25 / 35

(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(1,0,1,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(1,0,1,1)
(2,0,0,1)

(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,1,0)
(2,0,0,0)

(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(1,0,1,1)
(2,0,0,1)
(2,0,1,1)
(0,1,0,0)

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,1,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(2,0,1,0)
N/A

18

26 / 36

27 / 37

28 / 38

29 /39

40

N/A

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,1,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(2,0,1,0)
N/A

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,2)
N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,1)
(2,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,1)
N/A

(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(3,0,0,0)
(4,0,0,0)
(5,0,0,0)
N/A

(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,0,2)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,2)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,1,1)
(1,0,1,1)
(0,1,0,1)
(0,2,0,1)
(0,1,1,0)
(0,0,0,1)

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

(0,1,0,1) (0,1,0,0)
(0,2,0,1) (0,2,0,0)
N/A
N/A
(0,0,0,1) (0,0,0,0)

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A

N/A
(0,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(2,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(2,0,0,1)
(3,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(2,0,0,1)
(3,0,0,1)
(4,0,0,1)

N/A
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(3,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(3,0,0,0)
(4,0,0,0)

N/A
N/A

(0,0,0,1)
(1,0,0,1)
(2,0,0,1)
(3,0,0,1)
(4,0,0,1)
(5,0,0,1)
(0,1,0,0)

(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(3,0,0,0)
(4,0,0,0)
(5,0,0,0)
N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

sa6

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,1)
(1,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,1)
(1,0,1,0)
(2,0,0,1)
(0,0,0,1)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,1)
(1,0,1,0)
(2,0,0,1)
(2,0,1,0)
(0,1,0,0)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

PRACH
Configuration Index

14

PRACH
Configuration Index

sa0

41

(0,2,0,0)

N/A

N/A

(0,2,0,0)

N/A

N/A

(0,2,0,0)

42
43
44
45

(0,1,1,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(0,0,1,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(1,0,1,0)
(0,1,0,*)
(0,2,0,*)
(0,1,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(2,0,1,*)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

(0,1,0,*)
(0,2,0,*)
(0,1,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(2,0,1,*)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

(0,1,0,*)
(0,2,0,*)
(0,1,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(2,0,1,*)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(3,0,0,0)
(0,1,0,*)
(0,2,0,*)
N/A
(0,0,0,*)
N/A
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(4,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(4,0,0,*)
(5,0,0,*)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

(0,1,0,*)
(0,2,0,*)
N/A
(0,0,0,*)
N/A
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(4,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(4,0,0,*)
(5,0,0,*)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

(0,1,0,*)
(0,2,0,*)
N/A
(0,0,0,*)
N/A
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(4,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(3,0,0,*)
(4,0,0,*)
(5,0,0,*)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
(0,0,0,0)
N/A
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(0,0,0,0)
(1,0,0,0)
(2,0,0,0)
(3,0,0,0)
(0,1,0,*)
(0,2,0,*)
(0,1,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(0,0,0,*)
(0,0,1,*)
(1,0,0,*)
(1,0,1,*)
(2,0,0,*)
(2,0,1,*)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

46

47

48
49
50
51
52
53
54

55

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

56

15

57

58
59
60
61

tddUplinkDownlinkConf [ulDlConfTD]
sa1
sa2
sa3
sa4
sa5

sa6

PRACH
Configuration Index

sa0

tddUplinkDownlinkConf [ulDlConfTD]
sa1
sa2
sa3
sa4
sa5

sa6

62

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

63

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

2.1.3 PRACH Root sequence


Name:

rootSeqIndex:

Description:

RACH Root Sequence: The preamble generation is started from the Root
Sequence which is pointed by the logical root sequence number. 64
preambles can be transmitted in the PRACH frame. If one root is not enough
to generate all the 64 preambles, then the consecutive number is selected
until the full set is generated. RACH root sequence is cell specific information
and neighboring cells should have a different value. RACH root sequence is
transmitted in system information.

Range/Step:

0...837, step 1 / for preamble format 0-3


0137, step 1 / for preamble format 4

Default:

Remark:

see tables below


(Source: 3GPP 36.211 Table 5.7.2-4 / and Table 5.7.2-5)

Physical root sequence index u


(in increasing order of the corresponding logical sequence number)
Preamble formats 0-3

023

129, 710, 140, 699, 120, 719, 210, 629, 168, 671, 84, 755, 105, 734, 93,
746, 70, 769, 60, 779, 2, 837, 1, 838

2429

56, 783, 112, 727, 148, 691

3035

80, 759, 42, 797, 40, 799

3641

35, 804, 73, 766, 146, 693

4251

31, 808, 28, 811, 30, 809, 27, 812, 29, 810

5263

24, 815, 48, 791, 68, 771, 74, 765, 178, 661, 136, 703

6475

86, 753, 78, 761, 43, 796, 39, 800, 20, 819, 21, 818

7689

95, 744, 202, 637, 190, 649, 181, 658, 137, 702, 125, 714, 151, 688

90115

217, 622, 128, 711, 142, 697, 122, 717, 203, 636, 118, 721, 110, 729, 89,
750, 103, 736, 61, 778, 55, 784, 15, 824, 14, 825

116135

12, 827, 23, 816, 34, 805, 37, 802, 46, 793, 207, 632, 179, 660, 145, 694,
130, 709, 223, 616

136167

228, 611, 227, 612, 132, 707, 133, 706, 143, 696, 135, 704, 161, 678,
201, 638, 173, 666, 106, 733, 83, 756, 91, 748, 66, 773, 53, 786, 10, 829,

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Logical root
sequence
number

16

Logical root
sequence
number

Physical root sequence index u


(in increasing order of the corresponding logical sequence number)
Preamble formats 0-3

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

9, 830

17

168203

7, 832, 8, 831, 16, 823, 47, 792, 64, 775, 57, 782, 104, 735, 101, 738,
108, 731, 208, 631, 184, 655, 197, 642, 191, 648, 121, 718, 141, 698,
149, 690, 216, 623, 218, 621

204263

152, 687, 144, 695, 134, 705, 138, 701, 199, 640, 162, 677, 176, 663,
119, 720, 158, 681, 164, 675, 174, 665, 171, 668, 170, 669, 87, 752, 169,
670, 88, 751, 107, 732, 81, 758, 82, 757, 100, 739, 98, 741, 71, 768, 59,
780, 65, 774, 50, 789, 49, 790, 26, 813, 17, 822, 13, 826, 6, 833

264327

5, 834, 33, 806, 51, 788, 75, 764, 99, 740, 96, 743, 97, 742, 166, 673,
172, 667, 175, 664, 187, 652, 163, 676, 185, 654, 200, 639, 114, 725,
189, 650, 115, 724, 194, 645, 195, 644, 192, 647, 182, 657, 157, 682,
156, 683, 211, 628, 154, 685, 123, 716, 139, 700, 212, 627, 153, 686,
213, 626, 215, 624, 150, 689

328383

225, 614, 224, 615, 221, 618, 220, 619, 127, 712, 147, 692, 124, 715,
193, 646, 205, 634, 206, 633, 116, 723, 160, 679, 186, 653, 167, 672, 79,
760, 85, 754, 77, 762, 92, 747, 58, 781, 62, 777, 69, 770, 54, 785, 36,
803, 32, 807, 25, 814, 18, 821, 11, 828, 4, 835

384455

3, 836, 19, 820, 22, 817, 41, 798, 38, 801, 44, 795, 52, 787, 45, 794, 63,
776, 67, 772, 72, 767, 76, 763, 94, 745, 102, 737, 90, 749, 109, 730, 165,
674, 111, 728, 209, 630, 204, 635, 117, 722, 188, 651, 159, 680, 198,
641, 113, 726, 183, 656, 180, 659, 177, 662, 196, 643, 155, 684, 214,
625, 126, 713, 131, 708, 219, 620, 222, 617, 226, 613

456513

230, 609, 232, 607, 262, 577, 252, 587, 418, 421, 416, 423, 413, 426,
411, 428, 376, 463, 395, 444, 283, 556, 285, 554, 379, 460, 390, 449,
363, 476, 384, 455, 388, 451, 386, 453, 361, 478, 387, 452, 360, 479,
310, 529, 354, 485, 328, 511, 315, 524, 337, 502, 349, 490, 335, 504,
324, 515

514561

323, 516, 320, 519, 334, 505, 359, 480, 295, 544, 385, 454, 292, 547,
291, 548, 381, 458, 399, 440, 380, 459, 397, 442, 369, 470, 377, 462,
410, 429, 407, 432, 281, 558, 414, 425, 247, 592, 277, 562, 271, 568,
272, 567, 264, 575, 259, 580

562629

237, 602, 239, 600, 244, 595, 243, 596, 275, 564, 278, 561, 250, 589,
246, 593, 417, 422, 248, 591, 394, 445, 393, 446, 370, 469, 365, 474,
300, 539, 299, 540, 364, 475, 362, 477, 298, 541, 312, 527, 313, 526,
314, 525, 353, 486, 352, 487, 343, 496, 327, 512, 350, 489, 326, 513,
319, 520, 332, 507, 333, 506, 348, 491, 347, 492, 322, 517

630659

330, 509, 338, 501, 341, 498, 340, 499, 342, 497, 301, 538, 366, 473,
401, 438, 371, 468, 408, 431, 375, 464, 249, 590, 269, 570, 238, 601,
234, 605

660707

257, 582, 273, 566, 255, 584, 254, 585, 245, 594, 251, 588, 412, 427,
372, 467, 282, 557, 403, 436, 396, 443, 392, 447, 391, 448, 382, 457,
389, 450, 294, 545, 297, 542, 311, 528, 344, 495, 345, 494, 318, 521,
331, 508, 325, 514, 321, 518

708729

346, 493, 339, 500, 351, 488, 306, 533, 289, 550, 400, 439, 378, 461,

Physical root sequence index u


(in increasing order of the corresponding logical sequence number)
Preamble formats 0-3

Logical root
sequence
number

374, 465, 415, 424, 270, 569, 241, 598


730751

231, 608, 260, 579, 268, 571, 276, 563, 409, 430, 398, 441, 290, 549,
304, 535, 308, 531, 358, 481, 316, 523

752765

293, 546, 288, 551, 284, 555, 368, 471, 253, 586, 256, 583, 263, 576

766777

242, 597, 274, 565, 402, 437, 383, 456, 357, 482, 329, 510

778789

317, 522, 307, 532, 286, 553, 287, 552, 266, 573, 261, 578

790795

236, 603, 303, 536, 356, 483

796803

355, 484, 405, 434, 404, 435, 406, 433

804809

235, 604, 267, 572, 302, 537

810815

309, 530, 265, 574, 233, 606

816819

367, 472, 296, 543

820837

336, 503, 305, 534, 373, 466, 280, 559, 279, 560, 419, 420, 240, 599,
258, 581, 229, 610

Logical
root
sequence
number
019

138

137

136

135

134

133

132

131

130

10

129

2039

11

128

12

127

13

126

14

125

15

124

16

123

17

122

18

121

19

120

20

119

4059

21

118

22

117

23

116

24

115

25

114

26

113

27

112

28

111

29

110

30

109

6079

31

108

32

107

33

106

34

105

35

104

36

103

37

102

38

101

39

100

40

99

8099

41

98

42

97

43

96

44

95

45

94

46

93

47

92

48

91

49

90

50

89

100119

51

88

52

87

53

86

54

85

55

84

56

83

57

82

58

81

59

80

60

79

120137

61

78

62

77

63

76

64

75

65

74

66

73

67

72

68

71

69

70

138837

N/A

2.1.4 PRACH Cyclic Shift


Name:

prachCS

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Physical root sequence index u


(in increasing order of the corresponding logical sequence number)
Preamble format 4

18

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

19

Description:

PRACH Cyclic Shift: Preamble cyclic shift defines the configuration which is
used for preamble generation. The configuration determines how many cyclic
shifts are needed to generate preamble. Unrestricted set is supported.
Configuration also defines the zero correlation zone and respective maximum
cell range.

Range/Step:

0...15, step 1

Default:

Remark:

For more information please see tables below:


NCS for preamble generation (preamble formats 0-3)
NCS value

NCS
configuration

Unrestricted set

Restricted set

15

13

18

15

22

18

26

22

32

26

38

32

46

38

55

46

68

59

82

10

76

100

11

93

128

12

119

158

13

167

202

14

279

237

15

419

NCS
configuration

NCS value

10

12

15

N/A

N/A

N/A

10

N/A

11

N/A

12

N/A

13

N/A

14

N/A

15

N/A

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

NCS for preamble generation (preamble format 4)


Remark: RL15TD supports NCS configuration 4,5 and 6

20

NCS values in relation to Preamble Format and Cell Range


14.53 km

29.53 km

Format 1
Format 1 & 3
Format 0
13 0.79 km
18 1.51 km
26 2.65 km
38 4.37 km
59 7.37 km
93 12.23 km

167 22.82 km

119 15.95 km

419 58.86 km

279 38.84 km

839 (=0) 118.93 km

76 9.80 km
46 5.51 km
32 3.51 km
22 2.08 km
15 1.08 km

2.1.5 PRACH High Speed Flag


Name:

prachHsFlag

Description:

PRACH High Speed Flag: High speed flag for PRACH preamble generation
determines whether an unrestricted or a restricted set has to be used by UE.
The unrestricted set, and thus the parameter value 'false', is supported.

Range/Step:

false

Default:

false

2.2 RACH Timing

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.2.1 Random Access Response Window

21

Name:

raRespWinSize

Description:

Random Access Response Window Size: Random Access Response Window


Size parameter defines the window size for the random access response in
TTIs.

Range/Step:

2 (0), 3 (1), 4 (2), 5 (3), 6 (4), 7 (5), 8 (6), 10 (7)

Default:

10 (7)

Remark:

raRespWinSize: The start of this UE timer is the subframe number containing


the end of the preamble + 3 subframes => 2 ms after this subframe. The UE

must receive the RAR within this window otherwise it assumes the RACH
procedure as failed.

2.2.2 Maximum Content Resolution Timer


Name:

raContResoT

Description:

Maximum Content Resolution Timer: The Maximum Content Resolution Timer


parameter defines the maximum amount of time allowed for contention
resolution.

Range/Step:

8ms (0), 16ms (1), 24ms (2), 32ms (3), 40ms (4), 48ms (5), 56ms (6), 64ms
(7)

Default:

32ms (3)

Remark:

raContResoT: Trigger for this UE Timer is the transmission of the MSG 3. In


case the UE does not receive the MSG 4 within this time window it assumes
that the contention resolution fails. In this case the UE will restart the RACH
procedure.

Remark:

This Parameter is deleted for RL10/RL15TD and later releases

Name:

raBackoff

Description:

Random Access Backoff: The Random Access Backoff parameter defines the
backoff in TTIs that should be applied if a random access fails.

Range/Step:

2 (0), 5 (1), 10 (2), 20 (3), 50 (4), 100 (5), 200 (6), 500 (7), 1000 (8):

Default:

Remark:

According to SFS (RL2 from January 2010 - SFS-RL2_683):


If the MAC entity detects overload/contention in access to RA preambles, it
shall include a backoff indicator into RA Response message to force backoff
parameter value update in UEs. The backoff indicator shall be included into
succeeding RA Response messages until the contention situation is resolved.
The criteria for detection of overload/contention are FFS; in the meantime,
the WA is that the backoff indicator value will be statically configured using
the raBackoffSize management parameter. (SLS-RL2_1060). If the backoff
indicator value is zero, then the backoff indicator subheader will not be
signaled to the UE. Coding of the backoff indicator is detailed in 3GPP-36.321

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.2.3 Random Access Backoff

22

2.2.4 Preamble Transmission Maximum


Name:

preambTxMax

Description:

Preamble Transmission Maximum: The parameter Preamble Transmission


Maximum defines the maximum number of random access transmissions.
Note: The values n50, n100 and n200 should not be used.

Range/Step:

3 (0), 4 (1), 5 (2), 6 (3), 7 (4), 8 (5), 10 (6), 20 (7), 50 (8), 100 (9), 200 (10)

Default:

8 (5)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.2.5 C-RNTI Reuse Timer

23

Name:

raCrntiReuseT

Description:

C-RNTI Reuse Timer: On receiving information that a UE has gone to


RRC_IDLE, the eNB is not able to re-allocate the C-RNTI of an UE to another UE
until this time has elapsed. This parameter is a vendor-specific parameter.

Range/Step:

1...60 s, step 1 s

Default:

20 s

2.3 Preamble / Preamble Groups


2.3.1 Overview
Overview Preamble Groups

RA preamble selection

Dedicated
RA
preambles

Yes

Preambel
signaled to UE
(e.g. HO..)

# of RA preambles for Group A


[raPreGrASize / Default = 32]

Total # of non dedicated RA preambles


[raNondedPreamb / Default = 40]

Preamble
Group B

Preamble
Group B

Continue
with RA procedure

Non dedicated RA preambles

Total number of preambles = 64

Use the signaled preamble


(dedicated preamble)

NO

MSG 3 has been


transmitted

Yes

NO

Select the same group of RA


preambles as used for the first
attempt

Continue
with RA procedure
Preamble Group B exists
And
If UE needs to send a large MSG3 AND
its measured path loss is less than Pmax PREAMBLE_INITIAL_RECEIVED_TARGET_POWER
- DELTA_PREAMBLE_MSG3
messagePowerOffsetGroupB
[raMsgPoffGrB /
Default = 10dB]

Yes

Other parameter:
- raLargeMcsUl Default = 5
- raSmallMcsUl Default = 5
- raLargeVolUl Default = 512
- raSmallVolUl Default = 144

Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

No

Select Preamble from


Group B

Select Preamble from


Group A

Continue
with RA procedure

Continue
with RA procedure

Name:

raNondedPreamb

Description:

Number Of Random Access Preambles: This parameter determines the total


number of non dedicated RA preambles that UE can select from (i.e. for
contention based RA). The minimum cannot be zero.

Range/Step:

4 (0), 8 (1), 12 (2), 16 (3), 20 (4), 24 (5), 28 (6), 32 (7), 36 (8), 40 (9), 44 (10),
48 (11), 52 (12), 56 (13), 60 (14), 64 (15)

Default:

40 (9)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.3.2 Number of RA Preambles

24

2.3.3 RA Preambles Group A Size


Name:

raPreGrASize

Description:

Random Access Preambles Group A Size: Defines the size of the Random
Access Preambles Group A.

Range/Step:

4 (0), 8 (1), 12 (2), 16 (3), 20 (4), 24 (5), 28 (6), 32 (7), 36 (8), 40 (9), 44 (10),
48 (11), 52 (12), 56 (13), 60 (14)

Default:

32 (7)

2.3.4 RA Message Power Offset for Group B selection


Name:

raMsgPoffGrB

Description:

RA Message Power Offset For Group B Selection: Path loss threshold in dB


required for selecting one of the two groups of Random Access Preambles.
The UE will only use preambles from group B if it needs to send a large Msg3
AND its measured path loss is less than Pmax PREAMBLE_INITIAL_RECEIVED_TARGET_POWER - DELTA_PREAMBLE_MSG3 messagePowerOffsetGroupB (see 36.321 ch 5.1.2)

Range/Step:

-infinity (0), 0 dB (1), 5 dB (2), 8 dB (3), 10 dB (4), 12 dB (5), 15 dB (6), 18 dB


(7)

Default:

10 dB (4)

2.4 Message Size Message Coding

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.4.1 Large Size RA MCS in UL

25

Name:

raLargeMcsUl

Description:

Large Size Random Access MCS in Uplink: Defines the modulation and coding
scheme (MCS) to be used for large size Random Access Message 3 in case of
initial access or handover

Range/Step:

0...15, step 1

Default:

2.4.2 Large Size RA Data Volume in UL


Name:

raLargeVolUl

Description:

Large Size Random Access Data Volume In Uplink: This parameter defines the
data volume to be used for large size Random Access Message 3 in the case
of an initial access or handover. This parameter is vendor specific.

Range/Step:

216...512 bit, step 8 bit

Default:

512 bit

2.4.3 Samll Size RA MCS in UL


Name:

raSmallMcsUl

Description:

Small Size Random Access MCS in Uplink: Defines the modulation and coding
scheme (MCS) to be used for the small size Random Access Message 3 in
case of UL or DL data arrival. Parameter is vendor specific parameter

Range/Step:

0...15, step 1

Default:

2.4.4 Small Size RA Data Volume in UL


Name:

raSmallVolUl

Description:

Small Size Random Access Data Volume in Uplink: Defines the data volume to
be used for small size Random Access Message 3 in case of UL or DL data
arrival.

Range/Step:

56 bits (0), 144 bits (1), 208 bits (2), 256 bits (3)

Default:

144 bits (1)

Name:

maxCrRa4Dl

Description:

Maximum Coderate For Random Access Messge 4: The parameter defines the
maximum coderate for Random Access Procedure messages 4 (SRB0
message) This maximum coderate is taken into account during PDSCH
scheduling.

Range/Step:

0.05...0.5, step 0.01

Default:

0.12

2.4.6 Max Coderate for RA MSG2 (RAR)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.4.5 Max Coderate for RA MSG4

26

Name:

maxCrRaDl

Description:

Maximum Coderate For Random Access Messge 2: The parameter defines the
maximum coderate for Random Access Procedure messages 2 (RA response)
This maximum coderate is taken into account during PDSCH scheduling.

Range/Step:

0.05...0.5, step 0.01

Default:

0.12

2.4.7 Max Number of MSG3 HARQ Transmissions


Name:

harqMaxMsg3

Description:

Maximum Number Of Message 3 HARQ Transmissions: Indicates the


maximum number of HARQ transmissions used for Message 3 of the
contention based random access procedure.

Range/Step:

1...8, step 1

Default:

2.4.8 PDCCH Aggregation Level for RA MSG4


Name:

pdcchAggMsg4

Description:

PDCCH Aggregation For RA Msg4: The parameter defines the reserved


number of Control Channel Elements (CCEs) for dedicated Random Access
Message 4 assingment on PDCCH.

Range/Step:

4...8, step 4

Default:

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.4.9 PDCCH Aggregation Level for Preamble assignments


Name:
pdcchAggPreamb

27

Description:

PDCCH Aggregation Level For Preamble Assignments: The parameter defines


aggregation level by means of control channel elements (CCEs) for preamble
assignments on PDCCH. The preamble assignment is message 0 sent during
the non-contention based Random Access procedure in the case of DL data
arrival during UL out-of-sync.

Range/Step:

4...8, step 4

Default:

2.4.10 PDCCH Aggregation Level for RAR


Name:

pdcchAggRaresp

Description

PDCCH Aggregation For Random Access Response Message: PDCCH


Aggregation for Random Access Response Message. Defines how many CCEs
are used for one PDCCH.

Range/Step:

4...8, step 4

Default:

2.5 RACH Power


2.5.1 Overview Power Ramping

Open loop power control together with optional power ramp-up is used during the
random access process at the beginning of the connection until more accurate control
information is available.

PPRACH = min {Pmax, Preamble_Initial_Received_Target_Power + Path Loss}

The open loop power control is performed by the UE, based on received information
transmitted on system information block in broadcast channel (BCH) and the measured
path loss in downlink

The eNB broadcasts the initial transmission power level and the power step to the UE in
the BCH (Broadcast channel)

The UE sets the initial transmission power in the first preamble and waits for the UL
grant on PDCCH. If not acknowledged, the MS increases the preamble transmission
power by a specified power offset step.

Name:

ulpcIniPrePwr

Description:

Preamble Initial Received Target Power: The Preamble Initial Received Target
Power parameter defines the initial power for Random Access Preamble
transmission.

Range/Step:

-120 dBm (0), -118 dBm (1), -116 dBm (2), -114 dBm (3), -112 dBm (4), -110
dBm (5), -108 dBm (6), -106 dBm (7), -104 dBm (8), -102 dBm (9), -100 dBm
(10), -98 dBm (11), -96 dBm (12), -94 dBm (13), -92 dBm (14), -90 dBm (15):

Default:

-104 dBm (8)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.5.2 Preamble Initial Received Target Power

28

2.5.3 RA Power Ramping Setup


Remark:

This Parameter is deleted for RL10/RL15TD and later releases

Name:

raPowRampSetup

Description:

RA Power Ramping Setup: Power Ramping Setup - WA in 3GPP

Range/Step:

0...1, step 1

Default:

2.5.4 Power ramping Step for RA


Name:

prachPwrRamp

Description:

Power Ramping Step: The Power Ramping Step Size parameter defines the
power increment step size for Random Access Preamble transmission.

Range/Step:

0dB (0), 2dB (1), 4dB (2), 6dB (3)

Default:

2dB (1)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

2.5.5 TPC Command in RAR

29

Name:

ulpcRarespTpc

Description:

TPC Command In Random Access Response: TPC command indicated in the


random access response related to Random Access message 3 or 1st
scheduled uplink transmission.

Range/Step:

-6...8 dB, step 2 dB:

Default:

3 Type of RACH procedures


3.1 Contention Based
3.1.1 Overview
Contention based Radom Access
Procedure

UE

eNB
Random Access Preamble
( on PRACH)

( with embedded1- bit indication for L


2/L 3 message size)

Random Access Response


( on PDCCH+ PDSCH)
( Timing Adjustment,C- RNTI, UL grant for L2/ 3 message..)

L2/L 3 message
(

PUSCH transmission including contentin resolution


identity)

Contention resolution Message


4

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

30

31

UL @ eNB

UL @ UE

Propagation RTT

DL @ UE

Propagation delay

DL @ eNB

RACH Preamble
RX @ eNB

RACH Preamble
TX @ UE

RAR RX @ UE

MSG3 RX @ eNB

MSG3 TX @ UE

5TT Propagation RTT


Minimum delay for sending MSG3 after
RX of RAR @ UE

5 TTI

MSG4 RX @ UE => RA procedure successful

MSG4 TX @ eNB

Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

MACCountResoTimer [raContResT - default: 32ms]

After TX or re-TX of MSG3 @ UE; UE start CR timer / If UE does not receive


MSG4 addressed to its C-RNTI when timer expires, UE considers contention
resolution not successful / or if UE receives a MSG4 with an UEs identity
different from its own / in case RA procedure fails then UE should wait
raBackoff until starting new RA procedure)

Propagation RTT

RAR Window Size / raRespWinSize [default 10 TTI = 10ms]

1 TTI [1 ms]

Contention Based RA Procedure without problems

Start of RAR Window = Subframe containing the end of the


preamble + 3 subframes (or in other words 2 ms after the end
of the subframe containing the end of the preamble

RAR TX @ eNB
(e.g. 4 ms after RX of
preamble)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

3.1.2 Process without problems

RAR TX @ eNB
(e.g. 4 ms after RX of preamble)

X
7

Or (b) PDSCH part of RAR


@ UE not decoded in case
PDCCH successful decoded

RACH Preamble not


received @ UE [first
possibility]

1 TTI [1 ms]

RACH Preamble TX @ UE
Initial Power for Preamble (open loop power control) PRACH = min{PMAX; ulpcIniPrePwr + PL}
ulpcIniPrePwr = Preamble initial received target power [Default: -104dBm]
PL = path loss measured by UE from RS-Signals

RAR Window Size / raRespWinSize [default 10 TTI = 10ms]

Either (a) PDCCH part of


RAR @ UE not decoded
[Aggregation level of RAR
PDCCH defined by
pdcchAggRaresp]

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

UL @ eNB

UL @ UE

Propagation RTT

DL @ UE

Propagation delay

DL @ eNB

Sub-Frame

Depicted example: PrachConfIndex = 3 (Default)

min 4ms min delay after RAR window for


retransmission in case of no RAR detection

min 3ms min delay after RAR window for


retransmission in case of no RAR detection

Sub-Frame
5

Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

Power for Preamble retransmission PRACH-Retrans = min{PMAX; PRACH-Previous + prachPwrRamp}


prachPwrRamp [Default: 2dB]
Retransmission unitil maximum amount of preamble transmissions is reached:
preambTxMax [default = 8]

RACH Preamble RE-TX @ UE [only in


Sub-Frame # 1 as prachconfIndex = 3]

Contention Based RA Procedure with problems -> Preamble detection or RAR detection/decoding

3.1.3 Process with problems Preamble/RAR detection/decoding

32

33

UL @ eNB

UL @ UE

Propagation RTT

DL @ UE

Propagation delay

DL @ eNB

RACH Preamble
RX @ eNB

RACH Preamble
TX @ UE

RAR RX @ UE

MSG3 RX @ eNB
not correctly decoded

MSG3 TX @ UE

5TT Propagation RTT


Minimum delay for sending MSG3 after
RX of RAR @ UE

5 TTI
MSG 3 NACK

Propagation RTT

RAR Window Size / raRespWinSize [default 10 TTI = 10ms]

Start of RAR Window Size = Subframe containing the end of


the preamble + 3 subframes (or in other words 2 ms after the
end of the subframe containing the end of the preamble

1 TTI [1 ms]

Restart of raContResT

Parameter Maximum number of message 3 HARQ


retransmission defines the max number of HARQ transmission
for MSG3 [parmeter: harqMaxMsg3 / default = 5]

Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

MACCountResoTimer [raContResT - default: 32ms]

MSG 3 first
retransmission

Contention Based RA Procedure with problems -> MSG3 retransmissions

RAR TX @ eNB
(e.g. 4 ms after RX of
preamble)

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

3.1.4 Process with problems MSG3 problems

3.2 Contention Free


3.2.1 Overview
Contention Free Random Access
Procedure

UE

eNB

Random Access Preamble Assignment


0
Random Access Preamble
( on PRACH)

Random Access Respoonse


( on PDCCH+ PDSCH)

For new downlink data or HO eNB has the


option of allocating a dedicated signature to a
UE => contention free access is possible =>
faster than contention based and therefore
better for time-critical procedures like HO

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

34

3.2.2 Process

Contention free Random Access procedure in case


of handover

In principle the contention


free RA procedure is equal
to the contention based RA
procedure however: uses
dedicated preambles and
ends after the RAR

If no dedicated preambles
are available eNB shall
command contention based
RA procedure [done by
omitting the preamble]

Source cell shall select a free dedicated RA preamble and shall signal
the selected RA preamble together with the related C-RNTI for this HO
to the UE in the Handover Command Message

UE shall access the new cell by using this dedicated preamble


[Timing: PrachConfIndex => default = 3 => one PRACH type 0 per
radio frame / always in sub-frame 1]
[Power: PRACH = min{PMAX; ulpcIniPrePwr + PL}
ulpcIniPrePwr = Preamble initial received target power [Default: 104dBm]
PL = path loss measured by UE from RS-Signals
{referenceSignalPower transmitted in SIB2 subtable 1}]

After transmission of Preamble UE expects the RA response (RAR)


from the eNB with the RAR Window:
Start of RAR Window:
Subframe containing the end of the preamble + 3 subframes
Size of RAR Window:
raRespWinSize [default 10 TTI = 10ms]

Yes

End of contention free random


access procedure

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

The RAR is typically


transmitted by the eNB app
4TTI after the receiving the
preamble

35

RAR
received
by UE

No RAR during
RAR Window

Min delay after RAR window for


retransmission of preamble is 3 ms

No

RAR detection
problem

Detect PDCCH part of RAR


but problems with decoding
PDSCH part of RAR

Min delay for retransmission of preamble is


increased to 4 ms

Retransmission of preamble with increased power.


Peter Stckl
Network Engineering
March 2010

unitil maximum amount of preamble transmissions is reached:


preambTxMax [default = 8]
PRACH-Retrans = min{PMAX; PRACH-Previous + prachPwrRamp}
prachPwrRamp [Default: 2dB]

4 RACH/PRACH planning/dimensioning
4.1 Recommendation
PRACHs from neighboring cells can be separated:

by CDMA -> PRACH cyclic shift.


(The larger the cell is, the longer is the required zero correlation value. Note that the
processing power is directly scaled with the number of root sequences)

by frequency domain -> PRACH frequency Offset


(PRACH could be varied in frequency domain, however avoid fragmentation of PUSCH
area -> therefore place the PRACH next to the PUCCH area)

by Time domain, -> PRACH configuration Index


(the time domain is almost deployable)

4.2 Preamble Selection


4.2.1 Normal Cell
Select an appropriate preamble format based on the cell range. See table
below:

burst
format
(preamble
format)

subframes

max.
delay
spread
(due to
CP)
[s]

max. cell
radius
(due to
guard
and CP)
[km]

CP
[s]

PRE
[s]

Guard
[s]

max. cell
radius
(due to
guard)
[km]

103.1

800.0

96.9

14.53

6.3

97.9

14.69

14.53

684.4

800.0

515.6

77.34

168.8

679.2

101.88

77.34

203.1

1600.0

196.9

29.53

6.3

197.9

29.69

29.53

684.4

1600.0

715.6

107.34

-31.3

679.2

101.88

101.88

max. cell radius (due to


CP considering 5,2 us
delay spread)
[s]
[km]

Example:
Assume a cell range of 37km. So an appropriate preamble format could be
format 1 or format 3. As there is no need for preamble format 3; format 1
should be chosen (requires less resources than format 3).

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

First:

36

Second:

Select zero correlation or NCS Index out of the table below:

NCs
Config.

NCS

sign.
per
root
seq.

13

64

15

#root
seq.

no delay spread

delay spread =
5,2 us

With preamble guard

us

km

Us

km

Guard

NCS

us

km

us

km

12.4

1.86

7.2

1.08

2.25

10.75

10.3

1.54

5.1

0.76

55

14.3

2.15

9.1

1.37

2.25

12.75

12.2

1.82

7.0

1.04

18

46

17.2

2.57

12.0

1.79

2.25

15.75

15.0

2.25

9.8

1.47

22

38

21.0

3.15

15.8

2.37

2.25

19.75

18.8

2.82

13.6

2.04

26

32

24.8

3.72

19.6

2.94

2.25

23.75

22.6

3.40

17.4

2.62

32

26

30.5

4.58

25.3

3.80

2.25

29.75

28.4

4.26

23.2

3.48

38

22

36.2

5.44

31.0

4.66

2.25

35.75

34.1

5.11

28.9

4.33

46

18

43.9

6.58

38.7

5.80

2.25

43.75

41.7

6.26

36.5

5.48

59

14

56.3

8.44

51.1

7.66

2.25

56.75

54.1

8.12

48.9

7.34

10

76

11

72.5

10.87

67.3

10.09

2.25

73.75

70.3

10.55

65.1

9.77

11

93

88.7

13.30

83.5

12.52

2.25

90.75

86.5

12.98

81.3

12.20

12

119

10

113.5

17.02

108.3

16.24

2.25

116.75

111.3

16.70

106.1

15.92

13

167

13

159.2

23.89

154.0

23.11

2.25

164.75

157.1

23.56

151.9

22.78

14

279

22

266.0

39.90

260.8

39.12

2.25

276.75

263.9

39.58

258.7

38.80

15

419

32

399.5

59.93

394.3

59.15

2.25

416.75

397.4

59.61

392.2

58.83

839

64

800.0

120.00

794.8

119.22

2.25

836.75

797.9

119.68

792.7

118.90

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Example:
In the above given example for a cell range of 37km the best choice for NCS
would be 14 as it allows cell ranges with 38.8km. Therefore a lower index
would not meet the distance requirements and choosing a higher index will
require more root sequences and therefore higher processing power. As given
in the above depicted table 3 signatures per root sequence are available and
therefore 22 root sequences are needed to fulfill the requirement of 64
sequences.

37

Third:

Select 22 successive root sequences out of the table given in 2.13.


Example:
e.g. Select logical root sequence numbers 0-21.

4.2.2 High Speed Cell


Out of the below given table, it can be seen that the maximum cell range for a high speed cell is
32.8 km. (limited by the cyclic shift sets and not by the preambles)

NCs
Config.

NCS

sign.
per
root
seq.

15

18

18

#root
seq.

no delay spread

delay spread =
5,2 us

With preamble guard

us

km

Us

km

Guard

NCS

us

km

us

km

14.3

2.15

9.1

1.37

2.25

12.75

12.2

1.82

7.0

1.04

15

17.2

2.57

12.0

1.79

2.25

15.75

15.0

2.25

9.8

1.47

22

12

21.0

3.15

15.8

2.37

2.25

19.75

18.8

2.82

13.6

2.04

26

10

24.8

3.72

19.6

2.94

2.25

23.75

22.6

3.40

17.4

2.62

32

30.5

4.58

25.3

3.80

2.25

29.75

28.4

4.26

23.2

3.48

38

11

36.2

5.44

31.0

4.66

2.25

35.75

34.1

5.11

28.9

4.33

46

14

43.9

6.58

38.7

5.80

2.25

43.75

41.7

6.26

36.5

5.48

55

17

52.4

7.87

47.2

7.09

2.25

52.75

50.3

7.54

45.1

6.76

68

20

64.8

9.73

59.6

8.95

2.25

65.75

62.7

9.40

57.5

8.62

82

26

78.2

11.73

73.0

10.95

2.25

79.75

76.0

11.41

70.8

10.63

10

100

32

95.4

14.30

90.2

13.52

2.25

97.75

93.2

13.98

88.0

13.20

11

128

44

122.1

18.31

116.9

17.53

2.25

125.75

119.9

17.99

114.7

17.21

12

158

64

150.7

22.60

145.5

21.82

2.25

155.75

148.5

22.28

143.3

21.50

13

202

64

192.6

28.89

187.4

28.11

2.25

199.75

190.5

28.57

185.3

27.79

14

237

64

226.0

33.90

220.8

33.12

2.25

234.75

223.8

33.58

218.6

32.80

Out of the below given table the logical root sequence number should be selected.

CM
group

Subgroup
No.

NCS
(high
speed)

Logical root
sequence
number

Low

023

Physical root sequence index u


(in increasing order of the corresponding logical
sequence number)
Preamble formats 0-3
129, 710, 140, 699, 120, 719, 210, 629, 168,
671, 84, 755, 105, 734, 93, 746, 70, 769, 60,

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

Example:
For this example assume a cell range of 20km radius. For 20 km cell range
preamble format 1 or 2 could be selected. As format 2 is not supported by
NSN at the moment, and the only benefit of format 2 would be to be more
robust as it requires lower SINR, format 1 is chosen. Out of the above given
table for this example NCS index 12 would be the best choice. Anyhow as given
in this table with index 12 already 64 root sequences are required.

38

CM
group

Subgroup
No.

NCS
(high
speed)

Logical root
sequence
number

Physical root sequence index u


(in increasing order of the corresponding logical
sequence number)
Preamble formats 0-3
779, 2, 837, 1, 838

15

2429

56, 783, 112, 727, 148, 691

18

3035

80, 759, 42, 797, 40, 799

22

3641

35, 804, 73, 766, 146, 693

26

4251

31, 808, 28, 811, 30, 809, 27, 812, 29, 810

32

5263

24, 815, 48, 791, 68, 771, 74, 765, 178, 661,
136, 703

38

6475

86, 753, 78, 761, 43, 796, 39, 800, 20, 819, 21,
818

46

7689

95, 744, 202, 637, 190, 649, 181, 658, 137, 702,
125, 714, 151, 688

55

90115

217, 622, 128, 711, 142, 697, 122, 717, 203,


636, 118, 721, 110, 729, 89, 750, 103, 736, 61,
778, 55, 784, 15, 824, 14, 825

68

116135

12, 827, 23, 816, 34, 805, 37, 802, 46, 793, 207,
632, 179, 660, 145, 694, 130, 709, 223, 616

136167

228, 611, 227, 612, 132, 707, 133, 706, 143,


696, 135, 704, 161, 678, 201, 638, 173, 666,
106, 733, 83, 756, 91, 748, 66, 773, 53, 786, 10,
829, 9, 830

168203

7, 832, 8, 831, 16, 823, 47, 792, 64, 775, 57,


782, 104, 735, 101, 738, 108, 731, 208, 631,
184, 655, 197, 642, 191, 648, 121, 718, 141,
698, 149, 690, 216, 623, 218, 621

204263

152, 687, 144, 695, 134, 705, 138, 701, 199,


640, 162, 677, 176, 663, 119, 720, 158, 681,
164, 675, 174, 665, 171, 668, 170, 669, 87, 752,
169, 670, 88, 751, 107, 732, 81, 758, 82, 757,
100, 739, 98, 741, 71, 768, 59, 780, 65, 774, 50,
789, 49, 790, 26, 813, 17, 822, 13, 826, 6, 833

264327

5, 834, 33, 806, 51, 788, 75, 764, 99, 740, 96,
743, 97, 742, 166, 673, 172, 667, 175, 664, 187,
652, 163, 676, 185, 654, 200, 639, 114, 725,
189, 650, 115, 724, 194, 645, 195, 644, 192,
647, 182, 657, 157, 682, 156, 683, 211, 628,
154, 685, 123, 716, 139, 700, 212, 627, 153,

10

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

11

39

12

13

82

100

128

158

CM
group

Subgroup
No.

NCS
(high
speed)

Logical root
sequence
number

Physical root sequence index u


(in increasing order of the corresponding logical
sequence number)
Preamble formats 0-3

14

15

16

17

202

237

237

202

328383

225, 614, 224, 615, 221, 618, 220, 619, 127,


712, 147, 692, 124, 715, 193, 646, 205, 634,
206, 633, 116, 723, 160, 679, 186, 653, 167,
672, 79, 760, 85, 754, 77, 762, 92, 747, 58, 781,
62, 777, 69, 770, 54, 785, 36, 803, 32, 807, 25,
814, 18, 821, 11, 828, 4, 835

384455

3, 836, 19, 820, 22, 817, 41, 798, 38, 801, 44,
795, 52, 787, 45, 794, 63, 776, 67, 772, 72, 767,
76, 763, 94, 745, 102, 737, 90, 749, 109, 730,
165, 674, 111, 728, 209, 630, 204, 635, 117,
722, 188, 651, 159, 680, 198, 641, 113, 726,
183, 656, 180, 659, 177, 662, 196, 643, 155,
684, 214, 625, 126, 713, 131, 708, 219, 620,
222, 617, 226, 613

456513

230, 609, 232, 607, 262, 577, 252, 587, 418,


421, 416, 423, 413, 426, 411, 428, 376, 463,
395, 444, 283, 556, 285, 554, 379, 460, 390,
449, 363, 476, 384, 455, 388, 451, 386, 453,
361, 478, 387, 452, 360, 479, 310, 529, 354,
485, 328, 511, 315, 524, 337, 502, 349, 490,
335, 504, 324, 515

514561

323, 516, 320, 519, 334, 505, 359, 480, 295,


544, 385, 454, 292, 547, 291, 548, 381, 458,
399, 440, 380, 459, 397, 442, 369, 470, 377,
462, 410, 429, 407, 432, 281, 558, 414, 425,
247, 592, 277, 562, 271, 568, 272, 567, 264,
575, 259, 580

562629

237, 602, 239, 600, 244, 595, 243, 596, 275,


564, 278, 561, 250, 589, 246, 593, 417, 422,
248, 591, 394, 445, 393, 446, 370, 469, 365,
474, 300, 539, 299, 540, 364, 475, 362, 477,
298, 541, 312, 527, 313, 526, 314, 525, 353,
486, 352, 487, 343, 496, 327, 512, 350, 489,
326, 513, 319, 520, 332, 507, 333, 506, 348,
491, 347, 492, 322, 517

630659

330, 509, 338, 501, 341, 498, 340, 499, 342,


497, 301, 538, 366, 473, 401, 438, 371, 468,
408, 431, 375, 464, 249, 590, 269, 570, 238,
601, 234, 605

High

18

19

158

128

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

686, 213, 626, 215, 624, 150, 689

40

CM
group

Subgroup
No.

20

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

21

41

NCS
(high
speed)

100

82

Logical root
sequence
number

Physical root sequence index u


(in increasing order of the corresponding logical
sequence number)
Preamble formats 0-3

660707

257, 582, 273, 566, 255, 584, 254, 585, 245,


594, 251, 588, 412, 427, 372, 467, 282, 557,
403, 436, 396, 443, 392, 447, 391, 448, 382,
457, 389, 450, 294, 545, 297, 542, 311, 528,
344, 495, 345, 494, 318, 521, 331, 508, 325,
514, 321, 518

708729

346, 493, 339, 500, 351, 488, 306, 533, 289,


550, 400, 439, 378, 461, 374, 465, 415, 424,
270, 569, 241, 598

22

68

730751

231, 608, 260, 579, 268, 571, 276, 563, 409,


430, 398, 441, 290, 549, 304, 535, 308, 531,
358, 481, 316, 523

23

55

752765

293, 546, 288, 551, 284, 555, 368, 471, 253,


586, 256, 583, 263, 576

24

46

766777

242, 597, 274, 565, 402, 437, 383, 456, 357,


482, 329, 510

25

38

778789

317, 522, 307, 532, 286, 553, 287, 552, 266,


573, 261, 578

26

32

790795

236, 603, 303, 536, 356, 483

27

26

796803

355, 484, 405, 434, 404, 435, 406, 433

28

22

804809

235, 604, 267, 572, 302, 537

29

18

810815

309, 530, 265, 574, 233, 606

30

15

816819

367, 472, 296, 543

31

820837

336, 503, 305, 534, 373, 466, 280, 559, 279,


560, 419, 420, 240, 599, 258, 581, 229, 610

Example:
For the above given example the 64 required root sequences can be selected
out of the logical root sequence numbers from 264 up to 629 since for those
the possible NCS restricted index is at least 158.

5 PM-Counter
5.1 Number of available RACH channels
Title

Number of available RACH channels

Mtype

Cell Load

Shortname

RACH_CHANNELS

Description

This measurement provides the minimum, maximum and mean


number of reserved and available RACH channels.
Reserved RACH channels are those channels that can be used for
random access procedure.
Available means that they must be in operational state enabled and in
administrative state unlocked or shutting down

Number of Counters

Counters

Minimum number of available RACH channels.


Maximum number of available RACH channels.
Mean number of available RACH channels.

Adm. Object

eNB

Measured Object

Cell

Counter Type

Real

Counter Unit

None

Trigger Event

This measurement is triggered by the creation/deletion of RACH


channels as well as each state change of those channels

Remark

None

History

Introduced in RL09

Title

Number of RACH setup attemps

Mtype

Cell Load

Shortname

RACH_SETUP_ATT

Description

This measurement provides the number of RACH setup attempts. Both


RA preamble groups shall be monitored.

Number of Counters

Counters

Number of RACH setup attempts for small size messages.


Number of RACH setup attempts for large size messagess.

Adm. Object

eNB

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

5.2 RACH setup attempts

42

Measured Object

Cell

Counter Type

Integer

Counter Unit

None

Trigger Event

Receipt of a RA preamble sent by the UE to the eNB


3GPP TS36.321 (RA preamble)

Remark

None

History

Introduced in RL09

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

5.3 RACH setup completions

43

Title

Number of RACH setup completions

Mtype

Cell Load

Shortname

RACH_SETUP_SUCC

Description

This measurement provides the number of RACH setup completions.

Number of Counters

Counters

Number of RACH setup completions.

Adm. Object

eNB

Measured Object

Cell

Counter Type

Integer

Counter Unit

None

Trigger Event

Transmission of a RA Response sent from eNB to UE.


3GPP TS36.321 (RA Response)

Remark

If RA Response message consists of information for N (N>1) RA


preambles, the measurement is increased by N.

History

Introduced in RL09

5.4 UL PRB utilization per PRACH, PUCCH, PUSCH


Title

PRB utilization per channel (UL/DL)

Mtype

Cell Resource

Shortname

PRB_UTIL_CHANNEL

Description

These measurements provide the PRB utilization per physical channel.


The reference point is the Service Access Point between MAC and L1. A
sum counter allows to calculate the relative utilization of each channel.

Number of Counters

Counters

Total PRB used UL


PRBs used for PRACH
PRBs used for PUCCH
PRBs used for PUSCH
Total PRB used in DL
PRBs used for PBCH

Adm. Object

eNB

Measured Object

Cell

Counter Type

Integer

Counter Unit

None

Trigger Event

Cumulative measurement. Triggered for each scheduling period by an


internal trigger.

Remark

3GPP TS32425 v.030, 3GPP TS36314 v.100

History

Introduced in RL10

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

PRBs used for PDCCH


PRBs used for PDSCH

44

LTE - Random Access | 01.09.2010

6 References

45

[1]

3GPP TS36.211 V8.8.0 (2009-09)


3rd Generation Partnership Project;
Technical Specification Group Radio Access Network;
Envolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRAN);
Physical Channels and Modulation
(Release 8)

[2]

NSN SFS
TF LTE SFS Radio Layer 1 (RL1) (FDD & TDD releases)

[3]

NSN SFS (FDD & TDD releases)


TF LTE SFS Radio Layer 2 (RL2) [PDCP/RLC/MAC]

[4]

NSN SFS (FDD & TDD releases)


RRM LTE SFS eNB Radio Resource Management

[5]

NSN SFS
PMO LTE SFS Radio related Performance

[6]

LTE for UMTS


OFDMA and SC-FDMA Based Radio Access
Harri Holma and Antti Toskala
John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2009

[7]

LTE The UMTS Long Term Evolution


From Theory to Practice
Edited by: Stefania Sesia; Issam Toufik; Matthew Baker
John Wiley & Sons Ltd. 2009

[8]

LTE for 4G Mobile Broadband


Air Interface Technologies and Performance
Farooq Khan
Cambridge University Press, 2009

[9]

NSN Academy
Training Documentation for
LTE Parameter LTEPAR-Pilot RL09 January 2010

[10]

NSN NE Enabling RL10


Handouts to session Radio Layer 1 Fundamentals
January 2010