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Photomultiplier Tubes

PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBES AND RELATED PRODUCTS

Opening The Future with Photonics

Human beings obtain more than 70 percent of the information visually by


using their eyes. However, there are vast sums of information and unknown
possibilities hidden within light not visible to the naked eye. This kind of light
includes ultraviolet, infrared, X-ray and ultra-low level light impossible for
human eyes to detect.
Since its founding over 55 years ago, Hamamatsu Photonics has been
investigating not only light seen by the human eye but also light that far
exceeds this level. As a leading manufacturer specializing in the field of
photonics, Hamamatsu Photonics has marketed dozens of photosensitive
devices, light sources and related products. Through these state-of-the-art
products, Hamamatsu Photonics has committed itself to pioneering industrial
and academic research work in still unexplored areas in many fields.
Hamamatsu Photonics will continue to deliver innovative breakthroughs in a
diverse range of fields, always striving to make human life fuller and richer by
"researching the many ways to use light".

CONTENTS
Index by Type Number ...............................................................................

About Photomultiplier Tube


Construction and Operating Characteristics ............................................... 4
Connections to External Circuits ................................................................. 14
Selection Guide by Applications ................................................................. 16

Side-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


13 mm Dia. Types .......................................................................................
28 mm Dia. Types with UV to Visible Sensitivity.........................................
28 mm Dia. Types with UV to Near IR Sensitivity .......................................
13 mm Dia. Types, 28 mm Dia. Types with Solar Blind Response.............

22
24
26
30

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


10 mm Dia. Types, 13 mm Dia. Types........................................................
19 mm Dia. Types .......................................................................................
25 mm Dia. Types .......................................................................................
28 mm Dia. Types .......................................................................................
38 mm Dia. Types .......................................................................................
51 mm Dia. Types with Plastic Base...........................................................
51 mm Dia. Types with Glass Base ............................................................
76 mm Dia. Types .......................................................................................
127 mm Dia. Types .....................................................................................

32
34
36
38
42
44
46
50
52

Special Purpose Photomultiplier Tubes


Hexagonal Types, Rectangular Types ........................................................
Metal Package Photomultiplier Tubes ........................................................
USB (Ultra Bialkali), SBA (Super Bialkali) Types ........................................
For High Magnetic Environments................................................................
Position Sensitive Types .............................................................................
Microchannel Plate-Photomultiplier Tubes (MCP-PMTs) ...........................

54
56
62
66
68
70

Gain Characteristics

72

Voltage Distribution Ratio

74

Lens for Side-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes

75

Photomultiplier Tube Sockets

76

Photomultiplier Tube Assemblies

78

Accessories for Photomultiplier Tubes


Socket Assemblies......................................................................................
Amplifier Units .............................................................................................
High Voltage Power Supplies .....................................................................
Thermoelectric Coolers ...............................................................................
Magnetic Shield Cases ...............................................................................
Housings, Flange ........................................................................................
Power and Signal Cables, Connector Adapters..........................................
Related Products for Photon Counting .......................................................

86
110
112
117
122
123
124
125

Electron Multipliers

128

Cautions and Warranty

130

Typical Photocathode Spectral Response

131

Typical Photocathode Spectral Response

132

Index by Type Number


Type No.

Product

R329-02 ........................
R331-05 .........................
R374 ..............................
R375 ..............................
R464 ..............................
R474 ..............................
R515 ..............................
R550 ..............................
R580 ..............................
R594 ..............................
R595 ..............................
R596 ..............................
R636-10 .........................
R647...............................
R649 ..............................
R669 ..............................
E717 Series ...................
R759 ..............................
R821 ..............................
E849 Series ...................
E850 Series ...................
R877 ..............................
R877-100 .......................
R878 ..............................
R928 ..............................
R943-02 .........................
R972 ..............................
E974 Series ...................
E989 Series ...................
E990 Series ...................
R1080 ............................
R1081 ............................
R1166 ............................
E1168 Series .................
E1198 Series .................
R1250 ............................
R1288A .........................
R1306 ............................
R1307 ............................
E1341 Series .................
E1435-02 .......................
R1450 ............................
R1463 ............................
R1513 ............................
R1527 ............................
R1548-07 .......................
R1584 ............................
R1617 ............................
R1635 ............................
E1761 Series .................
R1828-01 .......................
R1878 ............................
R1924A .........................
R1924A-100 ..................
R1925A .........................
H1949-51 .......................
R2066 ............................
R2078 ............................
R2083 ............................
R2154-02 ......................
E2183 Series .................
R2228 ............................
R2248 ............................
E2253 Series .................
R2257 ............................
R2362 ............................
H2431-50 .......................
R2486-02 .......................
R2496 ............................
R2557 ............................
E2624 Series .................
R2658 ............................
E2924 Series .................
R2949 ............................
E2979-500 .....................
H3164-10 .......................
H3165-10 .......................
H3178-51 .......................
R3292-02 .......................
R3478 ............................
R3550A .........................
H3695-10 .......................

Head-on PMT ............................................. 46


Head-on PMT ............................................. 46
Head-on PMT ............................................. 38
Head-on PMT ............................................. 48
Head-on PMT ............................................. 46
Electron Multiplier ....................................... 128
Electron Multiplier ....................................... 128
Head-on PMT ............................................. 44
Head-on PMT ............................................. 42
Head-on PMT ............................................. 50
Electron Multiplier ....................................... 128
Electron Multiplier ....................................... 128
Side-on PMT .............................................. 28
Head-on PMT ............................................. 32
Head-on PMT ............................................. 46
Head-on PMT ............................................. 48
Socket Assembly ........................................ 92
Head-on PMT ............................................. 32
Head-on PMT ............................................. 34
Socket Assembly ........................................ 92
Socket Assembly ........................................ 92
Head-on PMT ............................................. 52
SBA Head-on PMT ..................................... 62
Head-on PMT ............................................. 44
Side-on PMT .............................................. 26
Head-on PMT ............................................. 48
Head-on PMT ............................................. 34
Socket Assembly ........................................ 92
Magnetic Shield Case ................................. 122
Socket Assembly ................................... 92, 93
Head-on PMT ............................................. 32
Head-on PMT ............................................. 32
Head-on PMT ............................................. 34
Cable with Connector ................................. 124
Socket Assembly ........................................ 93
Head-on PMT ............................................. 52
Head-on PMT ............................................. 36
Head-on PMT ............................................. 44
Head-on PMT ............................................. 50
Housing ...................................................... 123
Socket Assembly ........................................ 93
Head-on PMT ............................................. 34
Head-on PMT ............................................. 32
Head-on PMT ............................................. 52
Side-on PMT .............................................. 24
Rectangular Dual PMT ............................... 54
Head-on PMT ............................................. 52
Head-on PMT ............................................. 34
Head-on PMT ............................................. 32
Socket Assembly ........................................ 92
Head-on PMT ............................................. 44
Head-on PMT ............................................. 34
Head-on PMT ............................................. 36
SBA Head-on PMT ..................................... 62
Head-on PMT ............................................. 36
PMT Assembly ........................................... 78
Head-on PMT ............................................. 42
Head-on PMT ............................................. 36
Head-on PMT ............................................. 46
Head-on PMT ............................................. 44
Socket Assembly ........................................ 93
Head-on PMT ............................................. 40
Rectangular PMT ........................................ 54
Socket Assembly ........................................ 92
Head-on PMT ............................................. 48
Electron Multiplier ....................................... 128
PMT Assembly ........................................... 78
Position-Sensitive PMT ............................... 68
Head-on PMT ............................................. 32
Head-on PMT ............................................. 32
Socket Assembly ........................................ 92
Side-on PMT .............................................. 28
Socket Assembly ........................................ 92
Side-on PMT .............................................. 26
Socket Assembly ........................................ 93
PMT Assembly ........................................... 78
PMT Assembly ........................................... 78
PMT Assembly ........................................... 78
Position-Sensitive PMT ............................... 68
Head-on PMT ............................................. 34
Head-on PMT ............................................. 36
PMT Assembly ........................................... 78

Page

Type No.

Product

R3788 ............................
R3809U Series ..............
R3886A..........................
R3896 ............................
R3991A .........................
R3998-02 .......................
R3998-100-02................
R4124 ............................
R4143 ............................
R4177-01 .......................
A4184 Series .................
R4220 ............................
R4607A-01.....................
R4632 ............................
C4900 Series .................
R4998 ............................
A5026 Series .................
R5070A..........................
A5074 ............................
R5108 ............................
R5150-10 .......................
R5505-70 .......................
C5594 ............................
R5610A .........................
R5611A-01 ....................
E5859 Series .................
R5900U-L16 Series .......
R5900U-100-L16 ...........
R5900U-200-L16 ...........
R5916U Series ..............
R5924-70 .......................
R5929 ............................
R5983 ............................
R5984 ............................
E5996 ............................
R6091 ............................
R6094 ............................
R6095 ............................
E6133-04 .......................
H6152-70 .......................
R6231 ............................
R6231-100 .....................
R6233 ............................
R6233-100 .....................
R6234 ............................
R6235 ............................
R6236 ............................
R6237 ............................
C6270 ............................
C6271 ............................
E6316 Series .................
R6350 ............................
R6352 ............................
R6353 ............................
R6354 ............................
R6355 ............................
R6356-06 .......................
R6357 ............................
R6358 ............................
H6410 ............................
R6427 ............................
C6438 ............................
H6520 ............................
H6524 ............................
H6527 ............................
H6528 ............................
H6533 ............................
H6559 ............................
H6612 ............................
H6614-70 .......................
E6736 ............................
R6834 ............................
R6835 ............................
R6836 ............................
E7083 ............................
R7111 ............................
R7154 ............................
H7195 ............................
R7205-01 .......................
R7206-01 .......................
C7246 Series .................
C7247 Series .................

Side-on PMT ..............................................


MCP-PMT ...................................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
SBA Head-on PMT .....................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Connector Adapter .....................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
High Voltage Power Supply Unit ................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Cable with Connector .................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Relay Adapter .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Electron Multiplier .......................................
Head-on PMT for Highly Magnetic Field .......
Amplifier Unit ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
SBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
UBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
MCP-PMT ...................................................
Head-on PMT for Highly Magnetic Field .......
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
SBA Head-on PMT .....................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
SBA Head-on PMT .....................................
Hexagonal PMT ..........................................
Hexagonal PMT ..........................................
Rectangular PMT ........................................
Rectangular PMT ........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Amplifier Unit ..............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................

Page
24
70
42
26
34
40
62
32
50
32
124
24
46
26
113
36
124
36
124
28
128
66
110
34
34
93
58
64
64
70
66
40
24
26
93
50
38
38
93
78
44
62
50
62
54
54
54
54
106
108
93
22
22
22
30
22
22
22
22
78
38
110
78
78
78
78
78
78
78
78
93
38
38
38
93
40
30
78
40
40
104
104

Type numbers shown in "Notes"


Type No.

Product

H7260-20 .......................
H7260-100 .....................
H7260-200 .....................
C7319 ............................
H7415 ............................
E7514 ............................
R7518 ............................
H7546B..........................
H7546B-20.....................
H7546B-100...................
H7546B-200...................
R7600U Series ..............
R7600U-100 ..................
R7600U-100-M4 ............
R7600U-200 ..................
R7600U-200-M4 ............
R7639 ............................
E7693 ............................
A7709 ............................
E7718 ............................
R7724 ............................
R7761-70 .......................
R7899 ............................
C7950 ............................
C7950-01 .......................
A7992 ............................
H8409-70 .......................
R8486 ............................
R8487 ............................
H8500C..........................
H8711 ............................
H8711-20 .......................
H8711-100 .....................
H8711-200 .....................
C8855-01 .......................
R8900U Series ..............
R8900-00-M16...............
R8900U-100 ..................
R8900U-100-M4 ............
R8900-100-M16.............
R8900U-100-C12 ..........
C8991 ............................
M9003-01.......................
C9028-01 .......................
R9110 ............................
C9143 ............................
C9144 ............................
R9220 ............................
E9349 ............................
R9420 ............................
R9420-100 .....................
H9500 ............................
C9525 Series .................
H9530-20 .......................
C9619 Series .................
C9663 ............................
R9722A..........................
C9727 ............................
C9744 ............................
C9773 ............................
R9779 ............................
R9800 ............................
R9880U Series ..............
R9880U-110 ..................
R9880U-210 ..................
C9999 ............................
C10344-03 .....................
C10372 ..........................
C10373 ..........................
E10411 ..........................
R10454 ..........................
H10515B-20...................
E10679 ..........................
R10699 ..........................
R10824 ..........................
R10825 ..........................
R10966A........................
R11102 ..........................
R11184 ..........................
R11540 ..........................
R11558 ..........................
R11568 ..........................

PMT Assembly ...........................................


SBA PMT Assembly ...................................
UBA PMT Assembly ...................................
Amplifier Unit ..............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
SBA PMT Assembly ...................................
UBA PMT Assembly ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
SBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
SBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
UBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
UBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Flange .........................................................
Housing ......................................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT for Highly Magnetic Field .......
Head-on PMT .............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Relay Adapter .............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Flatpanel PMT Assembly ...........................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
SBA PMT Assembly ...................................
UBA PMT Assembly ...................................
Counting Unit .............................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
SBA Metal Package PMT............................
SBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
SBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
SBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Counting Board ..........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Thermoelectric Cooler ................................
Thermoelectric Cooler ................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
SBA Head-on PMT .....................................
Flatpanel PMT Assembly ...........................
Bench-top Type Multi-output Power Supply ....
PMT Assembly ...........................................
High Voltage Power Supply Unit ................
Amplifier Unit ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Bench-top Type Multi-output Power Supply ....
Photon Counting Unit .................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
SBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
UBA Metal Package PMT ...........................
Amplifier Unit ..............................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Thermoelectric Cooler ................................
Thermoelectric Cooler ................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Socket Assembly ........................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Amplifier Unit ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................

Page
78
64
64
110
78
93
24
78
78
64
64
58
64
64
64
64
30
93
123
123
46
66
36
108
108
124
78
30
30
78
78
78
64
64
126
60
60
64
64
64
64
106
127
106
26
120
120
26
93
42
62
78
115
78
114
110
42
116
125
106
44
36
56
64
64
110
106
118
118
93
30
78
93
26
30
30
78
42
110
24
24
24

Type No.

Product

R331 .............................
R585 .............................
R647P............................
R750 .............................
R758-10 ........................
R760 .............................
R877-01 ........................
R955 .............................
R960 .............................
R976 .............................
R1080P .........................
R1104 ...........................
R1166P .........................
R1288A-01 ....................
R1307-01 ......................
R1450-13 ......................
R1463P .........................
R1464 ...........................
R1527P .........................
R1635P .........................
R1924P .........................
R1926A .........................
R2027 ...........................
R2059 ...........................
R2076 ...........................
R2256-02 ......................
R2295 ...........................
H2431-50 ......................
R2557P .........................
R2658P .........................
R3256 ............................
R3377 ............................
H3378-50 ......................
R3479 ...........................
R3550P..........................
R3878 ............................
R4141 ............................
R4220P .........................
R4332 ...........................
R5113-02 ......................
R5320 ...........................
R5610P .........................
R5611A .........................
R5900U-03-L16 .............
R5900U-04-L16 .............
R5900U-06-L16 .............
R5900U-07-L16 .............
R5983P .........................
R6094P-01.....................
R6095P-01.....................
H6152-70 .......................
R6231-01 .......................
R6233-01 .......................
R6234-01 .......................
R6235-01 .......................
R6236-01 .......................
R6237-01 .......................
R6350P .........................
R6351 ...........................
R6353P .........................
R6358-10 .......................
H6533 ...........................
H6610 ............................
H6614-70 .......................
R7056 ...........................
R7207-01 ......................
R7446 ...........................
R7447 ...........................
R7518P .........................
R7600P .........................
R7600U-03 ....................
R7600U-03-M4 ..............
R7600U-04 ....................
R7600U-04-M4 ..............
H7844 ............................
R7899-01 ......................
H8409-70 .......................
R9110P..........................
R10491 ..........................
R10560 ..........................

Head-on PMT .............................................


Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
Metal Package PMT ...................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Head-on PMT .............................................
PMT Assembly ...........................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Side-on PMT ..............................................
Head-on PMT .............................................

Page
47
47
33
35
29
33
53
27
33
35
33
39
35
37
51
35
33
35
25
33
37
37
35
45
35
47
35
47
33
29
45
47
47
35
37
33
33
25
25
47
37
35
35
59
59
59
59
25
39
39
67
45
51
55
55
55
55
23
23
23
23
37
37
67
39
41
25
25
25
59
59
59
59
59
27
37
67
27
25
37

Construction and Operating Characteristics


INTRODUCTION

Figure 3: Types of Photocathode

Among photosensitive devices in use today, the photomultiplier


tube (or PMT) is a versatile device providing ultra-fast response
and extremely high sensitivity. A typical photomultiplier tube consists of a photoemissive cathode (photocathode) followed by focusing electrodes, an electron multiplier and an electron collector (anode) in a vacuum tube, as shown in Figure 1.
When light enters the photocathode, the photocathode emits
photoelectrons into the vacuum. These photoelectrons are then
directed by the focusing electrode voltages towards the electron
multiplier where electrons are multiplied by a secondary emission process. The multiplied electrons then are collected by the
anode as an output signal.
Because of secondary-emission multiplication, photomultiplier
tubes provide extremely high sensitivity and exceptionally low
noise compared to other photosensitive devices currently used
to detect radiant energy in the ultraviolet, visible, and near infrared regions. The photomultiplier tube also features fast time response and a choice of large photosensitive areas.
This section describes the prime features of photomultiplier tube
construction and basic operating characteristics.

a) Reflection Mode

Figure 1: Cross-Section of Head-on Type PMT


FOCUSING ELECTRODE
PHOTOELECTRON
SECONDARY
ELECTRON

LAST DYNODE

STEM PIN

b) Transmission Mode
SEMITRANSPARENT
PHOTOCATHODE

REFLECTION MODE
PHOTOCATHODE
DIRECTION
OF LIGHT

DIRECTION
OF LIGHT

PHOTOELECTRON

PHOTOELECTRON
TPMSC0029EA

TPMHC0084EB

ELECTRON MULTIPLIER
The superior sensitivity (high current amplification and high S/N
ratio) of photomultiplier tubes is due to the use of a low-noise
electron multiplier which amplifies electrons by a cascade secondary emission process. The electron multiplier consists of 8 to
19 stages of electrodes called dynodes.
There are several principal types in use today.
1) Circular-cage type
The circular cage is generally used for the side-on type of
photomultiplier tube. The prime features of the circular-cage
are compactness, fast response and high gain obtained at a
relatively low supply voltage.

VACUUM
(10 -4 Pa)
DIRECTION
OF LIGHT

e-

FACEPLATE
ELECTORON MULTIPLIER
(DYNODES)

ANODE

PHOTOCATHODE

STEM

TPMHC0006EA

Side-On Type

CONSTRUCTION
The photomultiplier tube generally has a photocathode in either
a side-on or a head-on configuration. The side-on type receives
incident light through the side of the glass bulb, while the headon type receives light through the end of the glass bulb. In general, the side-on type photomultiplier tube is relatively low priced
and widely used for spectrophotometers and general photometric systems. Most side-on types employ an opaque photocathode (reflection-mode photocathode) and a circular-cage structure electron multiplier (see description of "ELECTRON MULTIPLIER") which has good sensitivity and high amplification at a
relatively low supply voltage.
The head-on type (or the end-on type) has a semitransparent
photocathode (transmission-mode photocathode) deposited
upon the inner surface of the entrance window. The head-on
type provides better uniformity (see page 9) than the side-on
type having a reflection-mode photocathode. Other features of
head-on types include a choice of photosensitive areas ranging
from tens to hundreds of square centimeters.
Variants of the head-on type having a large-diameter hemispherical window have been developed for high energy physics experiments where good angular light reception is important.

Head-On Type
TPMOC0077EB

2) Box-and-grid type
This type consists of a train of quarter cylindrical dynodes
and is widely used in head-on type photomultiplier tubes because of good electron collection efficiency and excellent uniformity.

TPMOC0078EA

3) Linear-focused type
The linear-focused type features extremely fast response
time and is widely used in applications where time resolution
and pulse linearity are important. This type also has the advantage of providing a large output current.

Figure 2: External Appearance


a) Side-on Type

b) Head-on Type

TPMOC0079EA

PHOTOSENSITIVE
AREA

PHOTOSENSITIVE
AREA

4) Box-and-line type
This structure consists of a combination of box-and-grid and
linear-focus dynodes. Compared to box-and-grid type, this
structure has advantages in time response, time resolution,
pulse linearity, and electron collection efficiency.

TPMOC0204EA

TPMSF0039

TPMHF0192

5) Circular and linear-focused type


The circular and linear-focused type has a structure that combines a circular-cage type and a linear-focused type. It offers
improved pulse linearity while maintaining the compactness
of the circular-cage type.

9) Metal Channel type


The metal channel dynode has a compact dynode construction manufactured by our unique fine machining techniques.
It delivers high-speed response due to a space between each
dynode stage that is much smaller than other types of conventional dynodes. The metal channel dynode is also ideal
for position sensitive measurement.
ELECTRON

TPMOC0225EA

6) Venetian blind type


The venetian blind type has a large dynode area and is primarily used for tubes with large photocathode areas. It offers
better uniformity and a larger output current. This structure is
usually used when time response is not a prime consideration.

TPMOC0084EA

Hybrid dynodes combining two of the above dynodes are also


available. These hybrid dynodes combine the best features of
each dynode type.
TPMOC0080EA

7) Mesh type
The mesh type has a structure of fine mesh electrodes
stacked in close proximity. There are two mesh types of dynode: a coarse mesh type and a fine mesh type. Both types
provide improved pulse linearity and high resistance to magnetic fields. The mesh type also has position-sensitive capability when used with cross-wire anodes or multiple anodes.
The fine mesh type is particularly suited for use in applications where high magnetic fields are present.

ELECTRON

ELECTRON
ELECTRON

SPECTRAL RESPONSE
The photocathode of a photomultiplier tube converts energy
from incident light into electrons. The conversion efficiency (photocathode sensitivity) varies with the wavelength of the incident
light. This relationship between photocathode sensitivity and wavelength is called the spectral response characteristic. Figure 4
shows the typical spectral response of a bialkali photomultiplier
tube. The spectral response on long wavelengths is determined
by the photocathode material and on short wavelengths by the
window material. Typical spectral response characteristics for
various types of photomultiplier tubes are shown on pages 132
and 133. In this catalog, the long-wavelength cutoff of the spectral response characteristic is defined as the wavelength at
which the cathode radiant sensitivity is 1 % of the maximum sensitivity in bialkali and Ag-O-Cs photocathodes, and 0.1 % of the
maximum sensitivity in multialkali photocathodes.
Spectral response characteristics shown at the end of this catalog are typical curves for representative tube types. Actual data
may be different from tube to tube.

Figure 4: Typical Spectral Response of Bialkali Photocathode


(HEAD-ON TYPE, BIALKALI PHOTOCATHODE)
100

COARSE MESH TYPE

13 m

FINE-MESH TYPE
TPMOC0081EB

8) Microchannel plate (MCP) (see page 70)


The MCP is a thin disk consisting of millions of microglass
tubes (channels) fused in parallel with each other. Each
channel acts as an independent electron multiplier. The MCP
offers much faster time response than other discrete dynodes. It also features good immunity from magnetic fields
and two-dimensional detection ability when multiple anodes
are used.

CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)


QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

1 mm

10

CATHODE
RADIANT
SENSITIVITY

QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY
0.1

0.01

200

400

600

800

WAVELENGTH (nm)
TPMOB0070EA
TPMOC0082EA

Construction and Operating Characteristics


The photocathode is a photoemissive surface usually consisting
of alkali metals with very low work functions. The photocathode
materials most commonly used in photomultiplier tubes are as
follows:
1) Ag-O-Cs
The transmission mode photocathode using this material is designated S-1 and sensitive in the visible to near infrared region.
Since Ag-O-Cs has relatively high thermionic dark emission (refer to "ANODE DARK CURRENT" on page 8), this photocathode is cooled for detecting light in the near infrared region.
2) GaAs
The spectral response of this photocathode material usually
covers a wider spectral response range than multialkali, from
ultraviolet to 930 nm, which is comparatively flat over the
range between 300 mm and 850 nm.
3) GaAsP
GaAsP (gallium arsenide phosphied) crystal activated in cesium is used as a transmission mode photocathode. This photocathode delivers very high quantum efficiency in the visible
light region.
4) InGaAs
This photocathode material has greater extended sensitivity
in the infrared range than GaAs. Moreover, in the range between 900 mm and 1000 nm, InGaAs has a much higher S/N
ratio than Ag-O-Cs.
5) InP/InGaAsP(Cs), InP/InGaAs(Cs)
These are field-assisted photocathodes utilizing a PN junction formed by growing InP/InGaAsP or InP/InGaAs on an
InP substrate. These photocathodes were developed by our
own in-house semiconductor microprocess technology. Applying a bias voltage to this photocathode lowers the conduction band barrier, and allows for higher sensitivity at long wavelengths extending to 1.4 m or even 1.7 m which have up
till now been impossible to detect with a photomultiplier tube.
Since these photocathodes produce large amounts of dark
current when used at room temperatures, they must be
cooled to between -60 C to -80 C during operation.
6) Sb-Cs
Sb-Cs has a spectral response in the ultraviolet to visible
range and is mainly used in reflection-mode photocathodes.
7) Bialkali (Sb-Rb-Cs, Sb-K-Cs)
These materials have a spectral response range similar to
the Sb-Cs photocathode, but have higher sensitivity and lower dark current than Sb-Cs. They also have a blue sensitivity
index matching the scintillation flashes of NaI scintillators,
and so are frequently used for radiation measurement using
scintillation counting.
8) High temperature bialkali or low noise bialkali (Na-K-Sb)
This is particularly useful at higher operating temperatures
since it can withstand up to 175 C. One major application is
in the oil well logging industry. At room temperatures, this
photocathode operates with very low dark current, making it
ideal for use in photon counting applications.
9) Multialkali (Na-K-Sb-Cs)
The multialkali photocathode has a high, wide spectral response from the ultraviolet to near infrared region. It is widely
used for broad-band spectrophotometers and photon counting
applications. The long wavelength response can be extended
to 930 nm by special photocathode activation processing.
10) Cs-Te, Cs-I
These materials are sensitive to vacuum UV and UV rays but
not to visible light and are therefore referred to as solar blind.
Cs-Te is quite insensitive to wavelengths longer than 320 nm,
and Cs-I to those longer than 200 nm.

WINDOW MATERIALS
Window materials commonly used in photomultiplier tubes are
described below. The window material must carefully be selected according to the application because the window material
determines the spectral response short wavelength cutoff.

1) Borosilicate glass
This is the most frequently used window material. Borosilicate glass transmits radiation from the infrared to approximately 300 nm. It is not suitable for detection in the ultraviolet
region. For some applications, a combination of a bialkali
photocathode and a low-noise borosilicate glass (so called Kfree glass) is used. The K-free glass contains very low potassium (40K) which can cause unwanted background counts.
Tubes designed for scintillation counting often employ K-free
glass not only for the faceplate but also for the side bulb to
minimize noise pulses.
2) UV-transmitting glass (UV glass)
This glass as the name implies is ideal for transmitting ultraviolet radiation and is used as widely as a borosilicate glass.
The UV cutoff is approximately 185 nm.
3) Synthetic silica
The synthetic silica transmits ultraviolet radiation down to 160
nm and offers lower absorption in the ultraviolet range compared to fused silica. Since the synthetic silica has a different
thermal expansion coefficient than Kovar, which is used for
the tube leads, it is not suitable as the tube stem material
(see Figure 1 on page 4). Borosilicate glass is used for the
stem, and a graded seal using glass with gradually different
thermal expansion coefficients is connected to the synthetic
silica window. The graded seal structure is vulnerable to
shock so the tube should be handled carefully.
4) MgF2 (magnesium fluoride)
Crystals of alkali halide are superior in transmitting ultraviolet
radiation, but have the disadvantage of deliquescence.
Among these crystals, MgF2 is known as a practical window
material because it offers low deliquescence and transmits
ultraviolet radiation down to 115 nm.

Figure 5: Typical Transmittance of Various Window Materials


100

TRANSMITTANCE (%)

PHOTOCATHODE MATERIALS

UVTRANSMITTING
GLASS
10

BOROSILICATE
GLASS

MgF2

SYNTHETIC
SILICA

1
100

120

160

200

240

300

WAVELENGTH (nm)

400

500

TPMOB0076EB

RADIANT SENSITIVITY AND QUANTUM EFFICIENCY


As Figure 4 shows, spectral response is usually expressed in
terms of radiant sensitivity or quantum efficiency as a function of
wavelength. Radiant sensitivity is the photoelectric current from
the photocathode, divided by the incident radiant power at a given wavelength, expressed in A/W (amperes per watt). Quantum
efficiency (QE) is the number of photoelectrons emitted from the
photocathode divided by the number of incident photons. Quantum efficiency is usually expressed as a percent. Quantum efficiency and radiant sensitivity have the following relationship at a
given wavelength.

QE= S 1240 100

where S is the radiant sensitivity in A/W at the given wavelength


and is the wavelength in nm (nanometers).

Figure 7: Transmittance of Various Filters

Figure 6: Typical Human Eye Response


and Spectral Distribution of 2856 K Tungsten Lamp
100

TUNGSTEN
LAMP
AT 2856 K

RELATIVE VALUE (%)

80

60

100
TOSHIBA R-68
80

60

40

TOSHIBA
IR-D80A

20

0
200

400

600

800

20

1000

WAVELENGTH (nm)

1200

1400
TPMOB0054EC

BLUE SENSITIVITY INDEX AND RED/WHITE RATIO


The cathode blue sensitivity index and the red/white ratio are often used as a simple comparison of photomultiplier tube spectral
response.
The cathode blue sensitivity index is the photoelectric current
from the photocathode produced by a light flux of a tungsten
lamp at 2856 K passing through a blue filter (Corning CS 5-58
polished to half stock thickness), measured under the same conditions as the cathode luminous sensitivity measurement. The
light flux, once transmitted through the blue filter cannot be expressed in lumens. The blue sensitivity index is an important
parameter in scintillation counting using an NaI scintillator since
the NaI scintillator produces emissions in the blue region of the
spectrum, and may be the decisive factor in energy resolution.
The red/white ratio is used for photomultiplier tubes with a spectral response extending to the near infrared region. This parameter is defined as the quotient of the cathode sensitivity measured
with a light flux of a tungsten lamp at 2856 K passing through a
red filter (Toshiba IR-D80A for the S-1 photocathode or R-68 for
others) divided by the cathode luminous sensitivity measured
without filters under the same conditions as in cathode luminous
sensitivity measurement.

V
n+1

An
Vn = K Vn
(n+1)n

(K: constant)

Since photomultiplier tubes generally have 9 to 12 dynode stages, the anode output has a 6th to 10th power gain proportional
to the input voltage. So just a slight fluctuation in the applied voltage will appear as magnified 6 to 10 times in the photomultiplier
tube output. This means the photomultiplier tube is extremely
susceptible to fluctuations in the power supply voltage, so the
power supply must be extremely stable and provide a minimum
ripple, drift and temperature coefficient. Various types of wellregulated high-voltage power supplies designed for these requirements are available from Hamamatsu (see page 112).

Figure 8: Typical Gain vs. Supply Voltage


104

109

103
ANODE LUMINOUS SENSITIVITY (A / lm)

800

TPMOB0055EB

Photoelectrons emitted from a photocathode are accelerated by an


electric field so as to strike the first dynode and produce secondary
electron emissions. These secondary electrons then impinge upon
the next dynode to produce additional secondary electron emissions. Repeating this process over successive dynode stages achieves a high current amplification. A very small photoelectric current from the photocathode can therefore be observed as a large
output current from the anode of the photomultiplier tube.
Gain is simply the ratio of the anode output current to the photoelectric current from the photocathode. Ideally, the gain of a photomultiplier tube having n dynode stages and an average secondary emission ratio per stage is n. While the secondary
electron emission ratio is given by =AE
where A is the constant, E is the interstage voltage, and is a
coefficient determined by the dynode material and geometric
structure. This usually has a value of 0.7 to 0.8.
When a voltage V is applied between the cathode and the anode of
a photomultiplier tube having n dynode stages, the gain , becomes

VISUAL SENSITIVITY

600

1200

GAIN (CURRENT AMPLIFICATION)

= n = (A E)n = A

400

1000

WAVELENGTH (nm)

40

0
200

CORNING
CS 5-58
(1/2 STOCK
THICKNESS)

108

ANODE LUMINOUS
SENSITIVITY

102

107

101

106

100

105

10-1

104

GAIN

Since measuring the spectral response characteristic of photomultiplier tubes requires a sophisticated system and a great deal
of time, we instead provide figures for anode or cathode luminous sensitivity and only provide spectral response characteristics when specially required by the customer.
Cathode luminous sensitivity is the photoelectric current from the
photocathode per incident light flux (10-5 to 10-2 lumens) from a
tungsten filament lamp operated at a distribution temperature of
2856 K. Anode luminous sensitivity is the anode output current
(amplified by the secondary emission process) per incident light
flux (10-10 to 10-5 lumens) on the photocathode. Although the
same tungsten lamp is used, the light flux and the applied voltage are adjusted to an appropriate level. These parameters are
particularly useful when comparing tubes having the same or
similar spectral response range. Hamamatsu final test sheets
accompanying the tubes usually indicate these parameters except for tubes with Cs-I or Cs-Te photocathodes insensitive to
tungsten lamp light. (Radiant sensitivity at a specific wavelength
is listed for those tubes using Cs-I or Cs-Te.)
The cathode luminous sensitivity is expressed in A/lm (microamperes per lumen) and anode luminous sensitivity is expressed in A/lm (amperes per lumen). Note that the lumen is a
unit used for luminous flux in the visible region and therefore
these values may be meaningless for tubes that are sensitive
beyond the visible light region.

TRANSMITTANCE (%)

LUMINOUS SENSITIVITY

GAIN
10-2
200

300

500

700

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

1000

103
1500
TPMOB0058EB

Construction and Operating Characteristics


ANODE DARK CURRENT
A small amount of current flows in a photomultiplier tube even
when the tube is operated in a completely dark state. This output
current is called the anode dark current, and the resulting noise
is a critical factor in determining the lower limit of light detection.
As Figure 9 shows, dark current is greatly dependent on the supply voltage.

Figure 9: Typical Dark Current vs. Supply Voltage


(AFTER 30 MINUTE STORAGE)

ANODE DARK CURRENT (nA)

101

100

10-1

10-2

10-3
400

600

800

1000

1200

1400

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

TPMOB0071EB

Major sources of dark current may be categorized as follows:


1) Thermionic emission of electrons
The materials of the photocathode emit tiny quantities of thermionic electrons even at room temperature. Most dark currents originate from the thermionic emissions, especially
those from the photocathode since they are successively
multiplied by the dynodes. Cooling the photocathode is most
effective in reducing thermionic emission and is particularly
useful in applications where low dark current is essential
such as in photon counting.
Figure 10 shows the relationship between dark current and
temperature for various photocathodes. Photocathodes which
have high sensitivity in the red to infrared region, especially
S-1, show higher dark current at room temperature. Photomultiplier tubes using these photocathodes are usually
cooled during operation.
Hamamatsu provides thermoelectric coolers (C9143, C9144,
C10372, C10373) designed for various sizes of photomultiplier tubes (see page 118, 120).

Figure 10: Anode Dark Current vs. Temperature


10-5

10-6

ANODE DARK CURRENT (A)

R5108
(HEAD-ON TYPE, Ag-O-Cs)

The anode dark current decreases with time after the tube is
placed in a dark state. In this catalog, anode dark currents are
measured after 30 minutes of storage in a dark state.

ENI (EQUIVALENT NOISE INPUT)


ENI indicates the photon-limited signal-to-noise ratio. ENI refers
to the amount of light in watts necessary to produce a signal-tonoise ratio of unity in the output of a photomultiplier tube. The
value of ENI is given by:
ENI =
where

2q Idb g f
S

(watts)

q = electronic charge (1.60 10-19 coul.)


Idb = anode dark current in amperes after 30 minute
storage in darkness
g = gain
f = bandwidth of the system in hertz (usually 1 hertz)
S = anode radiant sensitivity in amperes per watt
at the wavelength of interest

10-7

10-8

For tubes listed in this catalog, the value of ENI may be calculated by the above equation. Usually it has a value between 10-15
and 10-16 watts (at the peak sensitivity wavelength).

R374
(HEAD-ON TYPE,
MULTIALKALI)

10-9

MAGNETIC FIELD EFFECTS

10-10

10-11
R3550A
(HEAD-ON TYPE,
LOW-NOISE BIALKALI)

10-12

R6095
(HEAD-ON TYPE, BIALKALI)
10-13
-60

-40

-20

TEMPERATURE (C)

2) Ionization of residual gases (ion feedback)


Residual gases inside a photomultiplier tube can be ionized
by collision with electrons. When these ions strike the photocathode or earlier stages of dynodes, secondary electrons
may be emitted. These secondary electrons result in relatively large output noise pulses. These noise pulses are usually
observed as afterpulses following the primary signal pulses
and may be a problem in detecting short light pulses. Present
photomultiplier tubes are designed to minimize afterpulses.
3) Glass scintillation
When electrons deviating from their normal trajectories strike
the glass envelope, scintillations may occur and a dark pulse
may result. To eliminate this type of dark pulse, photomultiplier tubes may be operated with the anode at a high voltage
and the cathode at ground potential. But this is not always
possible during tube operation. To obtain the same effect
without difficulty, Hamamatsu developed an "HA treatment" in
which the glass bulb is coated with a conductive paint making
the same electrical potential as the cathode (see "GROUND
POLARITY AND HA TREATMENT" on page 11).
4) Leakage current (ohmic leakage)
Leakage current resulting from imperfect insulation of the
glass stem base and socket may be another source of dark
current. This is predominant when the photomultiplier tube is
operated at a low voltage or low temperature. The flatter
slopes in Figure 9 and 10 are mainly due to leakage current.
Contamination from dirt and moisture on the surface of the
tube stem, base or socket may increase the leakage current,
and should therefore be avoided.
5) Field emissions
When a photomultiplier tube is operated at a voltage near the
maximum rated value, electrons might be emitted from electrodes by the strong electric field and cause dark pulses. So
operating the photomultiplier tube at a voltage 20 % to 30 %
lower than the maximum rating is recommended.

20

40

TPMOB0065ED

Most photomultiplier tubes are affected by the presence of magnetic fields. Magnetic fields may deflect electrons from their normal trajectories and cause a loss of gain. The extent of the gain
loss depends on the type of photomultiplier tube and its orientation in the magnetic field. Figure 11 shows typical effects of magnetic fields on some types of photomultiplier tubes. In general,
tubes having a long path from the photocathode to the first dynode (such as large diameter tubes) tend to be more adversely
affected by magnetic fields.

Figure 11: Typical Effects by Magnetic Fields Perpendicular


to Tube Axis
120
28 mm dia.
SIDE - ON TYPE

110
100

80
70
60
13 mm dia.
HEAD-ON TYPE
LINEAR-FOCUSED
TYPE DYNODE

50

40

30
38 mm dia.
HEAD-ON TYPE
CIRCULAR CAGE
TYPE DYNODE

20

10

Figure 13: Examples of Spatial Uniformity

1) Head-on Type
0.1

0.2 0.3

MAGNETIC FLUX DENSITY (mT)

TPMOB0086EC

When a photomultiplier tube has to be operated in magnetic


fields, it may be necessary to shield the tube with a magnetic
shield case. (Hamamatsu provides a variety of magnetic shield
cases. See page 122). The magnetic shielding factor is used to
express the effect of a magnetic shield case. This is the ratio of
the strength of the magnetic field outside the shield case or
Hout, to that inside the shield case or Hin. The magnetic shielding factor is determined by the permeability , the thickness t
(mm) and inner diameter r (mm) of the shield case as follows.
Hout
=
Hin

3 t
4r

Note that the magnetic shielding effect decreases towards the


edge of the shield case as shown in Figure 12. Covering the
tube with a shield case longer than the tube length by at least
half the shield case inner diameter is recommended.

Figure 12: Edge Effect of Magnetic Shield Case


EDGE EFFECT
t

LONGER than r

2r

2) Side-on Type

(R6231-01 for gamma camera)

0.4 0.5

PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBE
L

1000

PHOTOCATHODE
(TOP VIEW)

Reflection-mode photocathode
ANODE
SENSITIVITY (%)

ANODE SENSITIVITY (%)

0
-0.5 -0.4 -0.3 -0.2 -0.1

SHIELDING FACTOR (Ho/Hi)

Although the focusing electrodes of a photomultiplier tube are


designed so that electrons emitted from the photocathode or dynodes are collected efficiently by the first or following dynodes,
some electrons may deviate from their desired trajectories causing lower collection efficiency. The collection efficiency varies
with the position on the photocathode from which the photoelectrons are emitted and influences the spatial uniformity of a photomultiplier tube. The spatial uniformity is also determined by the
photocathode surface uniformity itself.
In general, head-on type photomultiplier tubes provide better
spatial uniformity than side-on types because of the photocathode to first dynode geometry. Tubes especially designed for
gamma camera applications have excellent spatial uniformity,
because uniformity is the decisive factor in the overall performance of a gamma camera.

100
ANODE
SENSITIVITY (%)

50

50

100

100
PHOTOCATHODE
50

GUIDE KEY

0
TPMHC0085EB

TPMSC0030EC

TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS
Dark current originating from thermionic emissions can be reduced by decreasing the ambient temperature of a photomultiplier tube. The photomultiplier tube sensitivity also varies with the
temperature, but these changes are smaller than temperature-induced changes in dark current, so cooling a photomultiplier tube
will significantly improve the S/N ratio.
In the ultraviolet to visible region, the sensitivity temperature
coefficient has a negative value, while near the long wavelength
cutoff it has a positive value. Figure 14 shows typical temperature coefficients for various photocathodes versus wavelength,
measured at room temperatures. Since the change in temperature coefficient change is large near the long wavelength cutoff,
temperature control may be needed in some applications.

100

Figure 14: Temperature Coefficient for Anode Sensitivity (Typ.)

10
1

1.5

r
TPMOB0011EB

Hamamatsu provides photomultiplier tubes using fine-mesh type


dynodes (see page 66). These photomultiplier tubes exhibit
much higher resistance to external magnetic fields than the photomultiplier tubes with other dynodes. When the light level to be
measured is high, "triode" and "tetrode" type tubes can be used
even in highly magnetic fields.

TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT
FOR ANODE SENSITIVITY (%/C)

RELATIVE OUTPUT (%)

90

SPATIAL UNIFORMITY

1
BIALKALI
Sb-Cs

Cs-Te

MULTIALKALI

0.5
GaAs (Cs)
0

-0.5

-1
200

Ag-O-Cs

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000 1100 1200

WAVELENGTH (nm)
TPMOB0013EC

Construction and Operating Characteristics


HYSTERESIS

TIME RESPONSE

Photomultiplier tubes exhibit a slightly unstable output for several seconds to nearly 1 minute after a voltage is applied or light is
input, and the output may overshoot or undershoot before reaching a stable level (Figure 15). This unstable condition is called
hysteresis and may be a problem in spectrophotometry and
other applications.
Hysteresis is mainly caused by electrons deviating from their
planned trajectories and electrostatically charging the dynode
support section and glass bulb. When the applied voltage changes along with a change in the input light, noticeable hysteresis
can occur.
As a countermeasure, many Hamamatsu side-on photomultiplier
tubes employ an "anti-hysteresis design" which virtually eliminates hysteresis.

In the measurement of pulsed light, the anode output signal


should faithfully reproduce a waveform resembling the incident
pulse waveform. This reproducibility is greatly affected by the
electron transit time, anode pulse rise time, and electron transit
time spread (T.T.S.).
As illustrated in Figure 17, the electron transit time is the time interval between the arrival of a delta function light pulse (pulse
width less than 50 ps) at the photocathode and the instant when
the anode output pulse reaches its peak amplitude. The anode
pulse rise time is defined as the time needed to rise from 10 %
to 90 % of peak amplitude when the entire photocathode is illuminated by a delta function light pulse (pulse width less than 50
ps).
The electron transit time fluctuates between individual light pulses. This fluctuation is called transit time spread (T.T.S.) and defined as the FWHM of the frequency distribution of electron transit times (Figure 18). The T.T.S. is an important factor in time-resolved measurement.
The time response characteristics depend on the dynode structure and applied voltage. In general, photomultiplier tubes using
a linear-focused or circular-cage structure exhibit better time response than tubes using a box-and-grid or venetian blind structure. Photomultiplier tubes for high-speed photometry use a
spherical window or plano-concave window (flat on one side and
concave on the other) and electrodes specifically designed to
shorten the electron transit time. MCP-PMTs, which employ an
MCP in place of conventional dynodes, offer better time response than tubes using other dynodes. For example, these
have a significantly better T.T.S. compared to normal photomultiplier tubes because a nearly parallel electric field is applied between the photocathode, the MCP and the anode. Figure 19
shows typical time response characteristics vs. applied voltage
for Hamamatsu R2059 (51 mm diameter head-on, 12-stage, linear-focused type).

ANODE CURRENT

Figure 15: Hysteresis

I max.
Ii

I min.

TIME (MINUTE)
TPMOC0071EA

DRIFT AND LIFE CHARACTERISTIC


While operating a photomultiplier tube continuously over a long
period, the anode output current of the photomultiplier tube may
vary slightly over time, even though operating conditions have
not changed. Among the anode current fluctuations, changes
over a relatively short time are called "drift", while changes over
long periods such as 1000 to 10000 hours or more are called the
life characteristic. Figure 16 shows typical drift curves.
Drift is primarily caused by damage to the last dynode by heavy
electron bombardment. Therefore the use of lower anode current
is desirable. When stability is of prime importance, keeping the
average anode current within 1 A or less is recommended.

Figure 17: Anode Pulse Rise Time and Electron Transit Time
DELTA FUNCTION LIGHT

RISE TIME

FALL TIME

10 %

Figure 16: Typical Life Characteristics

TRANSIT TIME

ANODE
OUTPUT
SIGNAL

90 %

TPMOB0060EB

x+
125
x

Figure 18: Electron Transit Time Spread (T.T.S.)

100
x-
75

TYPE NO. : R2059


TEST CONDITIONS
PMT: R1307
SUPPLY VOLTAGE: 1000 V
INITIAL CURRENT: 100 A
LIGHTSOURCE: TUNGSTEN LAMP
TEMPERRATURE: 25 C

25

FWHM=550 ps
FWTM=1228 ps

104

50

10

100

1000

10000

TIME (h)

RELATIVE COUNT

RELATIVE ANODE SENSITIVITY (%)

150

103

102

101

TPMHB0834EA

100

-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

TIME (ns)
TPMHB0126EC

10

Figure 19: Time Response Characteristics vs. Supply Voltage


TYPE NO. : R2059

10 2

TRANSIT TIME

TIME (ns)

10 1

RISE TIME

Generally high output current is required in pulsed light applications. In order to maintain dynode potentials at a constant value
during pulse durations and obtain high peak currents, capacitors
are placed in parallel with the divider resistors as shown in Figure 20 (b). The capacitor values depend on the output charge.
When the output linearity versus input pulsed light needs to be
better than 1 %, the capacitor value should be at least 100 times
the photomultiplier output charge per pulse. If the peak output
current (amperes) is I, the pulse width (seconds) t, and the voltage across the capacitor (volts) V, then the capacitor value C
should be as follows:

10 0

C > 100

It
(farads)
V

T. T. S.

500

1000

1500

2000 2500 3000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

TPMOB0059EC

VOLTAGE-DIVIDER CIRCUITS
Interstage voltages for the dynodes of a photomultiplier tube are
usually supplied by voltage-divider circuits consisting of seriesconnected resistors. Schematic diagrams of typical voltage-divider circuits are illustrated in Figure 20. Circuit (a) is a basic arrangement (DC output) and (b) is for pulse operations. Figure 21
shows the relation between the incident light level and the output
current of a photomultiplier tube using the voltage-divider circuit
of figure 20. Deviation from ideal linearity occurs at a certain incident level (region B). This is caused by an increase in dynode
voltage due to the redistribution of the voltage loss between the
last few stages, resulting in an apparent increase in sensitivity.
As the input light level is increased, the anode output current begins to saturate near the value of the current flowing through the
voltage divider (region C). To prevent this problem, it is recommended that the voltage-divider current be maintained at least at
20 times the average anode output current required from the
photomultiplier tube.

In high energy physics applications where a high pulse output is


required, output saturation will occur at a certain level as the incident light is increased while the interstage voltage is kept
fixed,. This is caused by an increase in electron density between
the electrodes, causing space charge effects which disturb the
electron current flow. As a corrective measure to overcome
these space charge effects, the voltage applied to the last few
stages, where the electron density becomes high, should be set
to a higher value than the standard voltage distribution so that
the voltage gradient between those electrodes is enhanced. For
this purpose, a so-called tapered divider circuit (Figure 22) is often employed. Use of this tapered divider circuit improves pulse
linearity 5 to 10 times better than in normal divider circuits.
Hamamatsu provides a variety of socket assemblies incorporating voltage-divider circuits. They are compact, rugged, lightweight and carefully engineered to obtain the maximum performance of a photomultiplier tube with just a simple connection.

Figure 22: Typical Tapered Divider Circuit


PHOTOCATHODE

ANODE
SIGNAL
OUTPUT
RL

1R

Figure 20: Schematic Diagrams of Voltage-Divider Circuits

1R

1R

1R

2R

3R

2.5R

C1

C2

C3

a) Basic arrangement for DC operation


PHOTOCATHODE

-HV

ANODE

TACCC0035EB

RL
1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

-HV

GROUND POLARITY AND HA TREATMENT

b) For pulse operation


PHOTOCATHODE

ANODE
RL

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

-HV

1R

1R

1R

C1

C2

C3

TACCC0030EC

Figure 21: Output Characteristics of PMT Using VoltageDivider Circuit of figure 20


C

1.0
ACTUAL
CURVE
0.1

0.01

0.001
0.001

IDEAL
CURVE

RATIO OF AVERAGE OUTPUT CURRENT


TO DIVIDER CURRENT

10

0.01

0.1
LIGHT FLUX (A.U.)

1.0

10
TACCB0005EA

The general technique used for voltage-divider circuits is to


ground the anode with a high negative voltage applied to the
cathode, as shown in Figure 20. This scheme facilitates the connection of such circuits as ammeters or current-to-voltage conversion operational amplifiers to the photomultiplier tube. However, when a grounded anode configuration is used, bringing a
grounded metallic holder or magnetic shield case near the bulb
of the tube can cause electrons to strike the inner bulb wall, resulting in the generation of noise. Also, in head-on type photomultiplier tubes, if the faceplate or bulb near the photocathode is
grounded, the slight conductivity of the glass material causes a
current to flow between the photocathode (which has a high
negative potential) and ground. This may cause significant deterioration of the photocathode. For this reason, extreme care is
required when designing housings for photomultiplier tubes and
when using electrostatic or magnetic shield cases.
.In addition, when using foam rubber or similar material to mount
the tube in its housing, it is essential that material having sufficiently good insulation properties be used. This problem can be
solved by applying a black conductive coat around the bulb, connecting it to the cathode potential and covering the bulb with a
protective film. This is called an "HA Treatment" (see Figure 23).

11

Construction and Operating Characteristics


As mentioned above, the HA treatment can be effectively used
to eliminate the effects of external potential on the side of the
bulb. However, if a grounded object is located on the photocathode faceplate, there are no effective countermeasures. Glass
scintillation, if occurring in the faceplate, has adverse noise effects and also causes deterioration of the photocathode sensitivity. To solve these problems, it is recommended that the photomultiplier tube be operated in the cathode grounding scheme, as
shown in Figure 24, with the anode at a high positive voltage.
For example in scintillation counting, since the grounded scintillator is directly coupled to the faceplate of a photomultiplier tube,
grounding the cathode and maintaining the anode at a high positive voltage is recommended. In this case, a coupling capacitor
Cc must be used to isolate the high positive voltage applied to
the anode from the signal, and DC signals cannot be output.

Figure 23: HA Treatment

Figure 26: Discrete Output Pulses (Single Photon Event)

TIME
TPMOC0074EB

Simply counting the photomultiplier tube output pulses will not


result in an accurate measurement, since the output contains
noise pulses such as dark pulses and cosmic ray pulses extraneous to the signal pulses representing photoelectrons as
shown in Figure 27. The most effective method for eliminating
the noise is to discriminate the output pulses according to their
amplitude. (Dark current pulese by thermal electrons emitted
from the photocathode cannot be eliminated.)

Figure 27: Output Pulse and Discrimination Level

GLASS BULB

PULSE HEIGHT

CONDUCTIVE PAINT
(SAME POTENTIAL
AS CATHODE)
INSULATING
PROTECTIVE COVER

ULD: Upper Level Discri.


LLD: Lower Level Discri.

COSMIC RAY PULSE

DARK CURRENT
PULSE
ULD
SIGNAL PULSE

CONNECTED TO
CATHODE PIN

LLD
TPMOC0015EA

TIME
TPMOC0075EC

Figure 24: Cathode Ground Scheme


PHOTOCATHODE

ANODE

Cc
SIGNAL
OUTPUT
RP

R1

R2

R3

R4

R5

R6

R7

C
+HV

TACCC0036EC

PHOTON COUNTING
Photon counting is one effective way to use a photomultiplier
tube for measuring extremely low light levels and is widely used
in astronomical photometry and for making chemiluminescence
and bioluminescence measurements. In its usual application, a
number of photons enter the photomultiplier tube and create an
output pulse train like that in (a) of Figure 25. The actual output
obtained by the measurement circuit is a DC current with a fluctuation as shown at (b).

A typical pulse height distribution (PHD) for a photomultiplier


tube output is shown in Figure 28. In this PHD, the lower level
discrimination (LLD) is set at the valley trough and the upper level discrimination (ULD) at the foot where there are very few output pulses. Most pulses smaller than the LLD are noise and pulses larger than the ULD result from cosmic rays, etc. Therefore,
by counting the pulses remaining between the LLD and ULD, accurate light measurements can be made. In the PHD, Hm is the
mean height of the pulses. The LLD should be set at 1/3 of Hm
and the ULD at triple Hm. The ULD may be omitted in most cases.
Considering the above, a clearly defined peak and valley in the
PHD is a very significant characteristic required of photomultiplier tubes for photon counting. Figure 28 shows the typical PHD of
a photomultiplier tube selected for photon counting.

Figure 28: Typical Single Photon Pulse Height Distribution

Figure 25: Overlapping Output Pulses


a)
SIGNAL PULSE + NOISE PULSE

COUNTS

NOISE PULSE
TIME

b)

LLD

TIME

Hm

ULD
PULSE HEIGHT

TPMOC0073EB

When the light intensity becomes so low that the incident photons are separated as shown in Figure 26. This condition is
called a single photon event. The number of output pulses is in
direct proportion to the amount of incident light and this pulse
counting method has the advantages of better S/N ratio and stability than the current measurement method that averages all the
pulses. This pulse counting technique is known as the photon
counting method.

12

TPMOC0076EA

SCINTILLATION COUNTING
Scintillation counting is one of the most sensitive and effective
methods for detecting radiation. It uses a photomultiplier tube
coupled to a scintillator that produces light when struck by radiation.

Figure 29: Scintillation Detector Using PMT and Scintillator

10000

PHOTOCATHODE

(51 mm dia. 51 mm t)

PHOTOELECTRONS
COUNTS

REFLECTIVE
COATING

b) 137Cs+NaI (Tl)

ANODE

GAMMA RAY

DYNODES

5000

RADIATION
SOURCE

500

PMT

1000

ENERGY
TPMHC0052EC

In radiation particle measurements, there are two parameters


that should be measured. One is the energy of individual radiation particles and the other is the amount of radiation. Radiation
measurement should determine these two parameters.
When radiation particles enter the scintillator, they produce light
flashes in response to each particle. The amount of flash is extremely low, but is proportional to the energy of the incident particle. Since individual light flashes are detected by the
photomultiplier tube, the output pulses obtained from the photomultiplier tube contain information on both the energy and
amount of pulses, as shown in Figure 30. By analyzing these
output pulses using a multichannel analyzer (MCA), a pulse
height distribution (PHD) or energy spectrum is obtained, and
the amount of incident particles at various energy levels can be
measured accurately. Figure 31 shows typical PHDs or energy
spectra when radiation (55Fe, 137Cs, 60Co) is detected by the
combination of an NaI(Tl) scintillator and a photomultiplier tube.
The PHD must show distinct peaks at each energy level. These
peaks are evaluated as pulse height resolution which is the most
significant characteristic in the radiation measurements. As Figure 32 shows, the pulse height resolution is defined as the
FWHM (a) divided by the peak value (b) when pulse height distribution is measured using a single radiation source such as
137Cs and 55Fe.

c) 60Co+NaI (Tl)
10000

COUNTS

OPTICAL COUPLING
(USING SILICONE OIL etc.)

(51 mm dia. 51 mm t)

5000

500

1000

ENERGY
TPMOB0087EC

Figure 32: Definition of Pulse Height Resolution (FWHM)


b
NUMBER OF PULSES

SCINTILLATOR

H
H
2

PULSE HEIGHT
TPMOB0088EB

Figure 30: Incident Radiation Particles and PMT Output

Energy resolution =

a
100 %
b

TIME

Figure 33: PMT Spectral Response and Spectral Emission of


Scintillators
100
SCINTILLATOR

CURRENT

PMT

TIME
TPMOC0039EC

QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)


RELATIVE EMISSION DISTRIBUTION
OF VARIOUS SCINTILLATOR (%)

BGO
THE HEIGHT OF OUTPUT
PULSE IS PROPORTIONAL
TO THE ENERGY OF
INCIDENT PARTICLE.

NaI (Tl)
10

BIALKALI
1

0.1

Figure 31: Typical Pulse Height Distributions (Energy Spectra)

Cs-I (Tl)

BaF2

200

300

400

500

600

700

800

WAVELENGTH (nm)

a) 55Fe+NaI (TI)

TPMOB0073EA

COUNTS

1000

(51 mm dia. 2.5 mm t)

500

500
ENERGY

1000

Pulse height resolution is mainly determined by the quantum efficiency of the photomultiplier tube that detects the scintillator
emission. In the case of thallium-activated sodium iodide or NaI(Tl), which is one of the most popular scintillators, a head-on
type photomultiplier tube with a bialkali photocathode is widely
used since its spectral response matches the NaI(Tl) scintillator
spectrum.

13

Connections to External Circuits


LOAD RESISTANCE
Since the output of a photomultiplier tube is a current signal and
the type of external circuit to which photomultiplier tubes are
usually connected has voltage inputs, a load resistor is used for
current-voltage conversion. This section describes factors to
consider when selecting this load resistor.
Since for low output current levels, the photomultiplier may be
assumed to act as virtually an ideal constant-current source, the
load resistance can be made arbitrarily large, when converting a
low-level current output to a high-level voltage output. In practice, however, using a very large load resistance causes poor
frequency response and output linearity as described below.

Figure 34: Photomultiplier Tube Output Circuit


PHOTOCATHODE

ANODE

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
Ip

RL

CS

-HV

This value of Ro, which is less than the value of RL, is then the
effective load resistance of the photomultiplier tube. If, for example, RL=Rin, then the effective load resistance is 1/2 that of RL
alone. From this we see that the upper limit of the load resistance is actually the input resistance of the amplifier and that
making the load resistance much greater than this value does
not have a significant effect.
While the above description assumed the load and input impedances to be purely resistive, stray capacitances, input capacitance and stray inductances affect the phase relationships during actual operation. Therefore, as the frequency is increased,
these circuit elements must be considered as compound impedances rather than pure resistances.
From the above, three guides can be derived for selecting the
load resistance:
1) When frequency response is important, the load resistance
should be made as small as possible.
2) When output linearity is important, the load resistance should
be chosen to keep the output voltage within a few volts.
3) The load resistance should be less than the input impedance of the external amplifier.

TACCC0037EB

HIGH-SPEED OUTPUT CIRCUITS


In the circuit of Figure 34, if we let the load resistance be RL and
the total capacitance of the photomultiplier tube anode to all
other electrodes including stray capacitance such as wiring
capacitance be Cs, then the cutoff frequency fc is expressed by
the following relationship.
fc =

1
2 Cs RL

This relationship indicates that even if the photomultiplier tube


and amplifier have very fast response, the response will be
limited to the cutoff frequency fc of the output circuit. If the load
resistance is made large, then the voltage drop across RL
becomes large at high current levels, affecting the voltage
differential between the last dynode stage and the anode. This
increases the effect of the space charge and lowers the
efficiency of the anode in collecting electrons. In effect, the
output becomes saturated above a certain current, causing poor
output linearity (output current linearity versus incident light
level) especially when the circuit is operated at low voltages.

Figure 35: Amplifier Internal Resistance


1)

PMT

DYn
RL

2)

PMT

Rin

SIGNAL
OUTPUT

Rin

SIGNAL
OUTPUT

CS

P
CC

DYn
RL

CS

TACCC0017EA

In Figure 35, let us consider the effect of the internal resistance


of the amplifier. If the load resistance is RL and the input
impedance of the amplifier is Rin, the combined parallel output
resistance of the photomultiplier tube, Ro, is given by the
following equation.
Ro = RL Rin
RL + Rin

When detecting high-speed and pulsed light signals, a coaxial


cable is used to make the connection between the photomultiplier tube and the electronic circuit. Since commonly used cables
have characteristic impedances of 50 , this cable must be terminated in a pure resistance equal to the characteristic impedance to match the impedance and ensure distortion-free transmission of the signal waveform. If a matched transmission line is
used, the impedance of the cable as seen by the photomultiplier
tube output will be the characteristic impedance of the cable, regardless of the actual cable length so no distortion will occur in
the signal waveform.
If the impedance is not properly matched when the signal is received, the impedance seen at the photomultiplier tube output
will differ depending on both frequency and cable length, causing significant waveform distortion. Impedance mismatches
might also be due to the connectors being used. So these connectors should be chosen according to the frequency range to
be used, to provide a good match with the coaxial cable.
When a mismatch at the signal receiving end occurs, not all of
the pulse energy from the photomultiplier tube is dissipated at
the receiving end and is instead partially reflected back to the
photomultiplier tube via the cable. However if an impedance
match has been achieved at the cable end on the photomultiplier
tube side, then this reflected energy will be fully dissipated there.
If this is a mismatch, however, the energy will be reflected and
returned to the signal-receiving end because the photomultiplier
tube itself acts as an open circuit. Since part of the pulse makes
a round trip in the coaxial cable and is again input to the receiving end, this reflected signal is delayed with respect to the main
pulse and results in waveform distortion (so called ringing phenomenon).
To prevent this phenomenon, in addition to matching the impedance at the receiving end, a resistor is needed for matching the
cable impedance at the photomultiplier tube end as well (Figure
36). If this is provided, it is possible to eliminate virtually all ringing caused by an impedance mismatch, although the output
pulse height of the photomultiplier tube is reduced to one-half of
the normal level by use of this impedance matching resistor.

Figure 36: Connection to Prevent Ringing


50 OR 75 COAXIAL CABLE
PMT
50 OR 75 CONNECTOR
HOUSING

RL
(50 OR 75
MATCHING RESISTOR)

ANTI-REFLECTION
RESISTOR
TACCC0039EB

14

Next, let us consider waveform observation of high-speed pulses


using an oscilloscope. This type of operation requires a low load
resistance. However, the oscilloscope sensitivity is limited so an
amplifier may be required.
Cables with a matching resistor have the advantage that the
cable length will not affect the electrical characteristics of the
cable. However, since the matching resistance is very low compared to the usual load resistance, the output voltage becomes
too small. While this situation can be remedied with a high gain
amplifier, the inherent noise of such an amplifier can itself hurt
measurement performance. In such cases, the photomultiplier
tube should be brought as close as possible to the amplifier to
reduce stray capacitance and a larger load resistance should be
used (while still maintaining the frequency response), to achieve
the desired input voltage. (See Figure 37.)

Figure 37: Measurement with Ringing Suppression Measures


PMT
DYn

P
RL
OSCILLOSCOPE

WIRING SHOULD BE
AS SHORT AS POSSIBLE.

TACCC0026EA

It is relatively simple to implement a high-speed amplifier using a


wide-band video amplifier or operational amplifier. However, as
a trade-off for design convenience, these ICs tend to create performance problems (such as noise). This makes it necessary to
know their performance limits and take corrective action if necessary.
As the pulse repetition frequency increases, baseline shift becomes one reason for concern. This occurs because the DC signal component has been eliminated from the signal circuit by
coupling with a capacitor which blocks the DC components. If
this occurs, the reference zero level observed at the last stage is
not the actual zero level. Instead, the apparent zero level is a
time-average of the positive and negative fluctuations of the signal waveform. This is known as baseline shift. Since the height
of the pulses above this baseline level is affected by the repetition frequency, this phenomenon can be a problem when observing waveforms or discriminating pulse levels.

Figure 38: Current-Voltage Conversion Using Operational


Amplifier
Rf
p

lp

lp

Vo= -lp Rf

PMT

OP-AMP

TACCC0041EA

If the operational amplifier has an offset current (Ios), the abovedescribed output voltage becomes Vo = -Rf (Ip+Ios), with the offset current component being superimposed on the output. Furthermore, the magnitude of the temperature drift may create a
problem. In general, a metallic film resistor which has a low temperature coefficient is used for the resistance Rf, and for high resistance values, a vacuum-sealed type with a low leakage current is used. Carbon resistors with their highly temperature-dependent resistance characteristics are not suitable for this application.
In addition to the above factors, when measuring extremely low
level currents such as 100 pA and below, the materials used to
fabricate the circuit also require careful selection. For example,
materials such as bakelite are not suitable. More suitable materials include teflon, polystyrol or steatite. Low-noise cables should
also be used, since general-purpose coaxial cables exhibit noise
due to physical factors. An FET input operational amplifier is recommended for measuring low-level current.

Figure 39: Frequency Compensation by Operational Amplifier


Cf

Cs

SHIELD CIRCUIT

Rf

SIGNAL
OUTPUT

+
OP-AMP.

TACCC0042EA

OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS
When a high-sensitivity ammeter is not available, using an operational amplifier allows making measurements with an inexpensive voltmeter. This section explains the technique for converting the output current of a photomultiplier tube to a voltage
signal. The basic circuit is as shown in Figure 38, for which the
output voltage, Vo, is given by the following relationship.
Vo = -Rf Ip
This relationship is derived for the following reason. If the input
impedance of the operational amplifier is extremely large, and
the output current of the photomultiplier tube is allowed to flow
into the inverted () input terminal of the amplifier, most of the
current will flow through Rf and subsequently to the operational
amplifier output circuit. The output voltage Vo is therefore given
by the expression -Rf Ip. When using such an operational amplifier, it is not of course possible to make unlimited increases in
the output voltage because the actual maximum output is roughly equal to the operational amplifier supply voltage. At the other
end of the scale, for extremely small currents, there are limits
due to the operational amplifier offset current (Ios), the quality of
Rf, and other factors such as the insulation materials used.

In Figure 39, if a capacitance Cf (including any stray capacitance)


is in parallel with the resistance Rf, the circuit exhibits a time
constant of (Rf Cf), and the response speed is limited to this
time constant. This is a particular problem if the Rf is large. Stray
capacitance can be reduced by passing Rf through a hole in a
shield plate. When using coaxial signal input cables, oscillations
may occur and noise might be amplified since the cable capacitance Cc and Rf are in a feedback loop. While one method to
avoid this is to connect Cf in parallel with Rf, to reduce high frequency gain as described above, this method creates a time
constant of Rf Cf which limits the response speed.

15

Selection Guide by Applications


Applications

Required Major Characteristics

Applicable PMT

Spectroscopy
Equipment Utilizing Absorption

UV/Visible/IR Spectrophotometer
When light passes through a substance, the light energy causes changes in the electron energy of the
substance, resulting in partial energy loss. This is
called absorption and can be used to yield analytical
data. In order to determine the quantity of a sample
substance, it is irradiated while its light wavelength is
scanned continuously. The spectral intensities of the
light before and after passing through the sample are
then detected by a photomultiplier tube and the
amount of absorption in this way measured.

Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer


This is widely used in analysis of minute quantities of
metallic elements. A special elementary hollow cathode lamp for each element to be analyzed is used to
irradiate a sample which is burned to atomize it. A
photomultiplier tube then detects the light passing
through the sample to measure the amount of absorption, which is compared with a pre-measured reference sample.

1) Wide spectral response


2) High stability
3) Low dark noise
4) High quantum efficiency
5) Low hysteresis
6) Good polarization characteristics

R6357
R928, R955, R3896
R7639
R374
R375

R928
R955
R7154

Equipment Utilizing Emission

Photoelectric Emission Spectrophotometer


When external energy is applied to a sample, that
sample then emits light. . By using a monochromator
to disperse this light emission into characteristic spectral lines of elements and measuring their presence
and intensity simultaneously with photomultiplier
tubes, the photoelectric emission spectrophotometer
can perform rapid qualitative and quantitative analysis
of the elements contained in the sample.

Fluorescence Spectrophotometer

R6350, R6351, R6352, R6354


R6355, R6356-06, R10824
R11568, R1527
R7446, R8486
1) High sensitivity
2) Low dark noise
3) High stability

The fluorescence spectrophotometer is used in biological science, especially in molecular biology. When
an excitation light is applied, some substances emit
light with a wavelength longer than that of the excitation light. This light is known as fluorescence. The intensity and spectral characteristics of the fluorescence
are measured by a photomultiplier tube, and the substance then analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively.

R6353, R6357, R6358


R3788, R4220, R1527
R928, R3896

Raman Spectroscopy
When monochromatic light strikes a substance and
scatters, a process called Raman scattering also occurs at a wavelength different from the excitation
light. Since this wavelength differential is a unique
characteristic of a molecule, spectral measurement of
Raman scattering can provide qualitative and quantitative data of molecules. Raman scattering is extremely weak and a sophisticated optical system is
required for measurement, with the photomultiplier
tube operated in the photon counting mode.

Other Spectrophotometric Equipment Using


Photomultiplier Tubes
Liquid or gas chromatography
X-ray diffractometers, X-ray fluorescence analyzers
Electron microscopes

16

1) High quantum efficiency


2) Less dark count
3) Single photon discrimination ability

R2949, R9110
R1463P
R943-02, R649

R3788, R4220
R647, R1166, R6095, R580
R9880U-01, R7600U-01

Applications

Required Major Characteristics

Applicable PMT

Mass Spectroscopy and Solid Surface Analysis


Solid Surface Analysis
The composition and structure of a solid surface can
be studied by irradiating a narrow beam of electrons,
ions, light or X-rays onto the surface and measuring
the secondary electrons, ions or X-rays that are produced. Due to the rapid progress being made in the
semiconductor industry, this kind of technology is essential for measuring semiconductors, including defects, surface analysis, adhesion, and density profile.
Electrons, ions, and X-rays are measured with electron multipliers and MCPs.

1) High environmental resistance


2) High stability
3) High gain
4) Low dark current

R474, R515, R596, R595


R2362, R5150-10
The above product is an electron
multiplier

Pollution Monitoring
Dust Counter
A dust counter measures the density of dust or particles floating in the atmosphere or inside rooms. The
dust counter makes use of light scattering or absorption of beta-rays by the dust particles.

1) Less dark count


2) Less spike noise
3) High quantum efficiency

R6350
R11558, R3788
R647, R1924A, R6095

1) Low dark current


2) Less spike noise
3) High quantum efficiency

R6350, R6357
R11558, R9880U-110
R1924A

1) High quantum efficiency at target wavelengths


2) Low dark current
3) Good temperature characteristic
4) High stability

NOx= R3896, R5984, R374


R2228, R5929, R5070A
H7844
SOx= R3788, R1527, R6095

Turbidimeter
When floating particles are contained in a liquid, the
light incident on the liquid is absorbed, scattered or
refracted by these particles. This process merely appears cloudy or hazy to the human eye. A turbidimeter is a device that numerically measures the turbidity
by using light transmission and scattering.

Other Pollution Monitoring Equipment Using


Photomultiplier Tubes
NOx meters, SOx meters

Biotechnology
Flow Cytometer
A flow cytometer uses a laser to irradiate cells labeled
with fluorescent substance and measures the resulting fluorescence or scattered light from those cells
with a photomultiplier tube, in order to identify each
cell. A cell sorter is one kind of flow cytometer having
the function of sorting specific cells.

DNA Sequencer
The DNA sequence is used to decode the base arrangement of DNA. When a voltage is applied across
the both ends of a gelatinous substance (gel) into
which DNA segments are injected, those DNA segments with a negative electric charge are drawn towards the plus electrode. The shorter the DNA segment, the faster it moves, resulting in a separation according to the DNA segment length. The base arrangement of each DNA segment can be determined
by detecting the fluorescence emitted from the labeling pigment at the end of each DNA.

1) High quantum efficiency


2) High stability
3) Low dark current
4) High gain

R6357, R6358
R928, R3788
R4220, R3896
R9880U-01, R9880U-20
R7600U-01, R7600U-01-M4
R7600U-20, R7600U-20-M4
R5900U-20-L16
H7260-20
H7516B-20
H8711-20

DNA Microarray Scanner


In this equipment, a DNA sample labeled by fluorescent dye is combined with a DNA probe having a
large number of DNAs whose arrangement is known
and fixed at a high density on a glass plate or silicon
substrate. A laser beam is used to scan the sample
and the resulting fluorescent intensity is measured to
investigate the gene information.

17

Selection Guide by Applications


Applications

Required Major Characteristics

Applicable PMT

Medical Applications
Gamma Camera
The gamma camera obtains an image of a radioisotope injected into the body of a patient to locate abnormalities. This equipment originated from a scintillation scanner and has been gradually improved. Its
detection section uses a large diameter NaI(Tl) scintillator and light-guide coupled to a photomultiplier tube
array.

1) High energy resolution


2) Good uniformity
3) High stability
4) Uniform gain (between each tube)

R6231-01, R6233-01
R6234-01, R6235-01
R6236-01, R6237-01
R1307-01
H8500C, H9500
R8900U-00-C12

1) High energy resolution


2) High stability
3) Fast response time
4) Compact size

R8900U-00-C12
R1450
R7899
R1548-07
H8500C, H9500
R9800, R9420, R9797

1) High quantum efficiency


2) Low thermionic emission noise
3) Less glass scintillation at bulb and
other materials
4) Fast response time
5) High pulse linearity

R331, R331-05

1) High quantum efficiency


2) High stability
3) Low dark current

R1166, R5610A, R5611A-01


R6350, R6352, R6353
R6356-06, R6357
R4220, R928, R3788, R3896
R647, R1463
R1925A, R1924A, R3550A
R6095, R374
R9880U-01
R9880U-20

1) High sensitivity
2) Low dark current
3) High stability

R6350
R11558

Positron CT
The positron CT provides tomographic images by detecting the coincident gamma-ray emission that accompanies the annihilation of positrons emitted from
a tracer radioisotope (11C, 15O, 13N, 18F, etc.) injected
into the body. Photomultiplier tubes coupled to scintillators are used to detect these gamma-rays.

Liquid Scintillation Counter


Liquid scintillation counters are used for tracer analysis in age measurement and biochemical research. A
sample containing radioisotopes is dissolved into a
solution containing an organic scintillator, and this is
placed in the center between a pair or photomultiplier
tubes. These tubes simultaneously detect the emission of the organic scintillator.

In-Vitro Assay
In-vitro assay is used for physical checkups, diagnosis, and evaluation of drug potency by making use of
the specific antigen/antibody reaction characteristics
of tiny amounts of insulin, hormones, drugs and viruses that are contained in blood or urine. Photomultiplier tubes are used to optically measure the amount
of antigens labeled by radioisotopes or fluorescent,
chemiluminescent or bioluminescent substances.
Radioimmunoassay (RIA)
Uses radioactive isotopes for labeling and scintillators for measurement.
Chemiluminoassay
CLIA (Chemilulminoassay)
CLEIA (Enzyme-intensified chemiluminoassay)
Uses luminescent substances for labeling to measure chemiluminescence or bioluminescence.
Fluoroimmunoassay
Uses fluorescent substances for labeling.

Others
X-ray phototimer
This equipment automatically controls the X-ray film
exposure during X-ray examinations. The X-rays
transmitting through a subject are converted into
visible light by a phosphor screen. A photomultiplier
tube detects this light and converts it into electrical
signals. When the accumulated electrical signal
reaches a preset level, the X-ray irradiation is shut
off, to allow obtaining an optimum film density.

18

Applications

Required Major Characteristics

Applicable PMT

Radiation Measurement
Area Monitor
Area monitors are designed to continuously measure
changes in environmental radiation levels. Area monitors use a photomultiplier tube coupled to a scintillator
to monitor low level gamma-rays and beta-rays.

1) Long term stability


2) Low background noise
3) Good plateau characteristic

R1306, R6231
R329-02
R1307, R6233
R877, R877-01

1) Long term stability


2) Low background noise
3) Good plateau characteristic

R1635
R647
R1924A
R6095
R9880U-110

1) Stable operation at high temperatures


up to 175 C
2) Rugged structure resistant to shock
and vibration
3) Good plateau characteristic

R4177-01
R3991A
R1288A, R1288A-01
R9722A
R4607A-01

1) Wide dynamic range


2) High energy resolution

R647, R7899
R6095
R580
R1306, R6231
R329-02, R7724

1) High quantum efficiency at target


wavelengths
2) Good uniformity
2) Low spike noise

R3896
R9880U-01
R9880U-20

Survey Meter
Survey meters are used to measure low level gamma-rays and beta-rays by using a photomultiplier tube
coupled to a scintillator.

Resource Inquiry
Oil Well Logging
Oil well logging is used to locate an oil deposit and
determine its size. A probe containing a radiation
source and a scintillator/photomultiplier tube is lowered into on oil well as it is being drilled. The scattered radiation or natural radiation from the geological
formation is detected and analyzed, to determine the
type and density of the rock that surrounds the well.

Industrial Measurement
Thickness Meter
The thickness meter uses a radiation source and a
scintillator/photomultiplier tube detector to measure
product thickness such as for paper, plastic, copper
sheet on factory production lines. Beta-rays are used
as a radiation source to measure small density products such as rubber, plastic, and paper. Gamma-rays
are used for large density products such as copper
plates. X-ray fluorescence is utilized to measure film
thickness for plating, evaporation, etc.)

Semiconductor Inspection System


This is widely used for semiconductor wafer inspection and pattern recognition such as semiconductor
mask alignment. In wafer inspection, the wafer is
scanned by a laser beam, and the scattered light
caused by dirt or defects is detected by a photomultiplier tube.

19

Selection Guide by Applications


Applications

Required Major Characteristics

Applicable PMT

High Energy Physics


Accelerator Experiment

Hodoscope
Photomultiplier tubes are coupled to the ends of long,
thin plastic scintillator arrays arranged in two layers
intersecting with each other in order to measure the
time and position at which charged particles pass
through the scintillator arrays.

TOF Counter

R9880U Series, R7600U Series


R1635 (H3164-10)
R647-01 (H3165-10)
R1450 (H6524), R1166 (H6520)
1) Fast response time
2) Compact size

Two counters are arranged along a path of charged


particles, with each counter consisting of a scintillator
and a photomultiplier tube. The velocity of the particles is measured by the time difference between the
two counters.

Cherenkov Counter
A Cherenkov counter is used to identify secondary
particles generated by the collision reaction of particles. Cherenkov radiation is emitted from charged particles with energy higher than a certain level when
they pass through a gas or silicon aerogel. This weak
Cherenkov radiation is detected by a photomultiplier
tube. These particles are then identified by measuring
the Cherenkov radiation emission angle.

Calorimeter
The calorimeter measures the accurate energy of
secondary particles generated by the collision reaction of particles.

R9880U Series, R7600U Series


R7899, R1635 (H3164-10)
R1450 (H6524), R4998 (H6533)
R1828-01 (H1949-51)
R2083 (H2431-50)

3) Resistance to magnetic fields (when


used in magnetic fields)

R5505-70 (H6152-70)
R7761-70 (H8409-70)
R5924-70 (H6614-70)

1) High quantum efficiency


2) Single photon discrimination ability
3) High gain
4) Fast response time

R329-02 (H6410), R5113-02


R1250 (H6527), R1584 (H6528)
R7600U Series, R7724
H8500C, H9500

5) Resistance to magnetic fields (when


used in magnetic fields)

R5505-70 (H6152-70)
R7761-70 (H8409-70)
R5924-70 (H6614-70)

1) Good pulse linearity


2) High energy resolution
3) High stability

R580 (H3178-51)
R7600U Series
R329-02 (H6410), R7724
R6091 (H6559)

4) Resistance to magnetic fields

R5924 (H6614-70)

Neutrino and Proton Decay Experiment, Cosmic Ray Detection

Neutrino Experiment
Research on solar neutrinos or particle astophysics is
utilized in a neutrino experiment. This experimental
system consists of a large amount of a medium surrounded by a great number of large-diameter photomultiplier tubes. When cosmic rays such as neutrinos enter
and pass through the medium, their energy and traveling direction are measured by detecting Cherenkov radiation that occurs from interaction with the medium.

R5912*
R7081*
R8055*
R3600-02*

Neutrino and Proton Decay Experiment


In the neutrino and proton decay experiments being
conducted at Kamioka, Japan, 11,200 photomultiplier
tubes each 20" diameter are installed to surround
from all directions a huge tank storing 50,000 t of
pure water. The photomultiplier tubes are used to
watch the subtle flash of Cherenkov radiation that occurs when proton decays or solar neutrinos pass
through the pure water tank.

1) Large photocathode area


2) Fast time response
3) High stability
4) Less dark count

Air Shower Counter


When cosmic rays collide with the earth's atmosphere, secondary particles are created by the interaction of the cosmic rays and atmospheric atoms. These
secondary particles generate more secondary particles, which continue to increase in a geometrical progression. This is called an air shower. The gammarays and Cherenkov radiation emitted in this air shower are detected by photomultiplier tubes arranged in a
lattice array on the ground.
* These are listed in our catalog "Photomultiplier Tubes and Assemblies for
Scintillation Counting & High Energy Physics".

20

R329-02 (H6410)
R6091 (H6559)
R1250 (H6527)

The assembly type is given in parentheses.

Applications

Required Major Characteristics

Applicable PMT

Aerospace
Astronomical X-ray Measurement
X-rays from outer space include information on the
enigmas of space. As an example, the X-ray observation satellite "Asuka" developed by a group of the
ISAS (Institute of Space and Astronomical Science Japan), uses a gas-scintillation proportional counter
in conjunction with a position-sensitive photomultiplier
tube to measure X-rays from supernovas, etc.

1) High energy resolution


2) Resistance to shock and vibration

R3998-02
R3991A
R6231
R2486-02
Ruggedized PMT with high resistance to vibration and shock will be
required. Consult with our sales office.

Measurement of Scattered Light from Fixed


Stars and Interstellar Dust
Ultraviolet rays from space contain a great deal of information about the surface temperatures of stars and
interstellar substances. However, these ultraviolet
rays are absorbed by the earth's atmosphere making
is impossible to measure them from the earth's surface. So photomultiplier tubes are mounted in rockets
or artificial satellites, to measure ultraviolet rays with
wavelengths shorter than 300 nm.

1) Resistance to shock and vibration


2) Sensitivity only in VUV to UV range
(Solar blind response with no sensitivity
to visible light: See page 6 for Cs-Te
and CsI photocathodes)

R1080, R976
R6834, R6835, R6836
Ruggedized PMT with high resistance to vibration and shock will be
required. Consult with our sales office.

Lasers
Laser Radar
The laser radar is used in applications such as atmospheric measurement for highly accurate range
finding or aerosol scattering detection.

Fluorescence Lifetime Measurement


A laser is used as an excitation light for fluorescence
lifetime measurement. The molecular structure of a
substance can be studied by measuring the changes
in temporal intensity in the emitted fluorescence.

R3809U Series
R5916U Series
R9880U-20
1) Fast time response
2) Less dark count
3) High gain
4) Less afterpulses

R3809U Series
R5916U Series
R7600U-01, R7600U-01-M4
R7600U-20, R7600U-20-M4
H7546B-01, H7546B-20
H8711-01, H8711-20

Plasma
Plasma Observation
Photomultiplier tubes are used in the electron density
and electron temperature measurement system for
plasma in the Tokamak-type nuclear fusion test reactor in Japan. Photomultiplier tubes and MCPs are
also used in similar measurements on plasma using
Thompson scattering and the Doppler effect to observe the spatial distribution of plasma, and to measure impurities in the plasma with the objective of controlling impurities and ions.

1) High detection capability at low light level


2) Quantum efficiency with less wavelength
dependence
3) Gate operation

R636-10
R2257
R943-02

21

Side-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

13 mm (1/2") Dia. Types


4 13

R6350

4 13

R6352

4 13

R6353

4 13

R6355

185 to 650 350U

340

Sb-Cs

CC/9

E678-11U* qw

1250 0.01 1000 o

185 to 750 452U

420

BA

CC/9

E678-11U* qw

1250 0.01 1000 o

185 to 680 456U

400

LBA

CC/9

E678-11U* qw

1250 0.01 1000 o

185 to 850 550U

530

MA

CC/9

E678-11U* qw

1250 0.01 1000 o

R6356-06

4 13

185 to 900

400

MA

CC/9

E678-11U* qw

1250 0.01 1000 o

R6357

4 13

185 to 900

450

MA

CC/9

E678-11U* qw

1250 0.01 1000 o

530

MA

CC/9

E678-11U* qw

1250 0.01 1000 o

4 13

R6358

185 to 830 561U

Lenses for side-on type photomultipliers are available. See page 75 for more details.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R6350, R6352, R6353 etc.
13.5 0.8
4 MIN.

50 MAX.

40 2

24.0 1.5

13 MIN.

32

PHOTOCATHODE

11 PIN BASE

R6350
R6352
R6353
R6355
R6358

R6356-06
R6357

DY5

DY6
7

DY4 5

DY7
9 DY8

DY3 4
DY2

10 DY9
3

DY1

11 P
2

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

TPMSA0034EE

22

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

20

40

5.0

48

50

300

3.6 105 7.5 106

0.5

1.4

15

80

120

10.0

90

100

700

5.2 105 5.8 106

10

1.4

15

For photon counting: R6350P


Silica glass window: R6351

Type No.

R6350
R6352

For photon counting: R6353P

30

70

6.5

65

100

400

3.7

0.1

1.4

15

80

150

6.0

0.15

45

100

600

1.8 105 4.0 106

10

1.4

15

R6355

1200

10

1.4

15

R6356-06

10

1.4

15

0.1

1.4

15

200

300

10.0

0.3

77

400

105

5.7

Notes

106

3.1

105

4.0

106

105

4.0

106

350

500

13.0

0.4

105

1000

2000

4.2

140

200

7.5

0.15

70

300

700

2.5 105 3.5 106

R6353

R6357
For photon counting: R6358-10

R6358

23

Side-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

28 mm (1-1/8") Dia. Types with UV to Visible Sensitivity


8 24

R11558

8 24

R11568

300 to 650 453K

400

BA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

185 to 650 453U

400

BA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R3788

8 24

185 to 750 452U

420

BA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R11540

8 24

185 to 760 452U

420

BA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R1527

8 24

185 to 680 456U

400

LBA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R4220

8 24

185 to 710 456U

410

LBA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R7518

8 24

185 to 730 456U

410

LBA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R5983

10 24

185 to 710 456U

410

LBA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

Lenses for side-on type photomultipliers are available. See page 75 for more details.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R11558, R3788, R11540 etc.

2 R5983
28.5 1.5
28.5 1.5

10 MIN.
2.5 0.5

8 MIN.
PHOTOCATHODE

R11558
R11568

R11540

R3788
R1527
R4220
R7518

DY6
6

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3
DY2

9 DY9

DY1

10
1

80 MAX.

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY5

94 MAX.

49.0 2.5
32.2 0.5

32.2 0.5

DY4 4

11
K

DIRECTION OF LIGHT
TPMSA0001EA

24

24 MIN.

80 MAX.

94 MAX.

49.0 2.5

24 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

DY5

DY6
6

DY4 4

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3
DY2

9 DY9

DY1

10 P
1

11
K

DIRECTION OF LIGHT
TPMSA0035EC

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

40

60

7.1

60

200

600

6.0 105 1.0 107

10

2.2

22

40

60

7.1

60

200

600

6.0 105 1.0 107

10

2.2

22

100

120

10.0

0.01

90

500

1200

9.0

160

190

16.0

0.02

120

1300

1900

1.2 106 1.0 107

400

40

60

6.4

60

200

105

4.0

105
105

1.0

107

50

2.2

22

50

2.2

22

6.7

106

0.1

2.2

22

1.2

107

0.2

2.2

22

0.2

2.2

22

80

100

8.0

70

1000

1200

8.4

120

130

10.0

85

1200

1560

1.0 106 1.2 107

1000

7.0

60

100

8.0

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

70

500

105

1.0

107

0.2

2.2

22

Notes

Type No.

R11558
R11568
Silica glass window: R4332

R3788
R11540

For photon counting: R1527P


Silica glass window: R7446
For photon counting: R4220P
Silica glass window: R7447
For photon counting: R7518P

R1527

For photon counting: R5983P


Borosilicate glass window: R10491

R5983

R4220
R7518

25

Side-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

28 mm (1-1/8") Dia. Types with UV to Near IR Sensitivity


R10699

8 24

185 to 900 557U

450

MA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R3896

8 24

185 to 900 555U

450

MA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R9220

8 24

185 to 900 555U

450

MA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R928

8 24

185 to 900 562U

400

MA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R5984

10 24

185 to 900 562U

400

MA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

28 mm (1-1/8") Dia. Types with Low Dark Current


86

185 to 900 555U

450

MA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R2949

86

185 to 900 552U

400

MA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R4632

8 24

185 to 850 556U

430

MA

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

R9110

Lenses for side-on type photomultipliers are available. See page 75 for more details.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R10699, R3896, R928 etc.

2 R5984

3 R9110
28.5 1.5

28.5 1.5

29.0 1.7

10 MIN.
2.5 0.5

8 MIN.

DY6
6

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3
DY2

9 DY9

DY1

10
1

11
K

DY5

TPMSA0001EA

DY6
6

DY7

DY2

DY5

8 DY8
9 DY9

10 P
1

80 MAX.

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY3 3

DY1

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

DY4 4

94 MAX.

49 1

80 MAX.

32.2 0.5

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY5

94 MAX.

49.0 2.5
32.2 0.5

32.2 0.5

DY4 4

26

24 MIN.

80 MAX.

49.0 2.5

R3896
R9220
R10699

94 MAX.

PHOTOCATHODE

24 MIN.

R928
R4632

INSULATION
COVER

8 MIN.
PHOTOCATHODE

6 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

DY6
6

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3
DY2

9 DY9

11
K

DY4 4

DY1

10
1

11
K

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

TPMSA0035EC

TPMSA0043EA

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

620

650

15.0

0.43

109

1600

8500

1.4 106 1.3 107

2i

10i

2.2

22

R10699

475

525

15.0

0.4

90

3000

5000

8.6 105 9.5 106

10

50

2.2

22

R3896

107

10

50

2.2

22

50

2.2

22

Silica glass window: R955

R928
R5984

R9110

375

450

12.5

0.4

85

1000

4500

8.5

140

250

8.0

0.3

74

400

2500

7.4 105 1.0 107

105

1.0
1.0

107

50

2.2

22

With thermoelectric cooler: H7844

15

2.2

22

For photon counting: R9110P

300f

500f

140

300

9.0

0.32

76

400

3000

7.6

400

525

15.0

0.4

90

4000

10000

1.7 106 1.9 107

105

140

250

8.0

0.3

74

1000

2500

7.4

2.2

22

R2949

140

200

7.5

0.15

80

300

700

2.8 105 3.5 106 50f 100f 2.2

22

R4632

105

1.0

R9220

107

4 R2949
29.0 1.7
INSULATION
COVER

8 MIN.

80 MAX.

94 MAX.

49 1

6 MIN.

7 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

32.2 0.5
11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY5

DY6
6

DY4 4

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3
DY2

9 DY9

DY1

10
1

11
K

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

TPMSA0016EB

27

Side-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

28 mm (1-1/8") Dia. Types with UV to Near IR Sensitivity


3 12

R636-10

3 12

R2658

18 16

R5108

185 to 930 650U 300-800 GaAs

CC/9

E678-11A er

1500 0.001 1250 o

185 to 1010 850U

400

InGaAs

CC/9

E678-11A er

1500 0.001 1250 o

400 to 1200 700K

800

Ag-O-Cs K

CC/9

E678-11A er

1500 0.01 1250 o

Lenses for side-on type photomultipliers are available. See page 75 for more details.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R636-10

2 R2658

3 R5108

29.0 1.7

28.5 1.5
8 MIN.

3 MIN.

3 MIN.

DY6
6

DY7

DY1

10 P

DY2

11
K

DY6
6

DY7

9 DY9
10 P
1

76 MAX.

90 MAX.

49.0 2.5
DY5

8 DY8

DY1

11
K

DY6
6

DY4 4

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3
DY2

9 DY9

DY1

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

TPMSA0027EF

16 MIN.

80 MAX.

94 MAX.

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY3 3

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

28

DY4 4

9 DY9

49.0 2.5
DY5

8 DY8

34 MAX.

32.2 0.5
11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY3 3
DY2

12 MIN.

80 MAX.

94 MAX.

49.0 2.5

12 MIN.

16 MIN.

DY5

HA TREATMENT

PHOTOCATHODE

HA TREATMENT

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY4 4

18 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

PHOTOCATHODE

34 MAX.

29.0 1.7

1.1 0.8

1.1 0.8

10 P
1

11
K

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

TPMSA0012ED

TPMSA0023EC

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

400

550

9.0

0.53

50

100

4.5

0.4

10

25

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

62
1

at 1000 nm

2.2

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

100

250

2.8 104 4.5 105 0.1e

2e

2.0

20

Silica glass window: R758-10

R636-10

16

1.6 102 1.6 105

10

2.0

20

For photon counting: R2658P

R2658

7.5

6.6

350d 1000d 1.1

17

3.5

102

3.0

105

R5108

29

Side-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A

D E
F
WinOut- Dynode
Spectral Curve Peak PhotoResponse Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
Matelength Material rial No. / Stages
Range

Effective Area (mm)


Type No.

Wavelength (nm)
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V) (mA)
(V)

(nm)

13 mm (1/2") Dia. Types with Solar Blind Response


R10825

4 9.5

115 to 195 150M

130

Cs-I

R6354

4 13

160 to 320 250S

230

Cs-Te

R10824

4 9.5

115 to 320 250M

200

Cs-Te

MF 1

CC/9

E678-11U*

1250 0.01 1000 o

CC/9

E678-11U* qw

1250 0.01 1000 o

MF 1

CC/9

E678-11U*

1250 0.01 1000 o

28 mm (1-1/8") Dia. Types with Solar Blind Response


R7154
R7639

8 24
3 12
8 12

160 to 320 250S

230

Cs-Te

CC/9

115 to 230

155

DIA

MF 4

CC/9

E678-11A ert 1250

0.1 1000 o

E678-11A

1250

0.1 1000 o

115 to 320 250M

200

Cs-Te

MF 5

CC/9

E678-11A

1250

0.1 1000 o

R8487

8 12

115 to 195 150M

130

Cs-I

MF 5

CC/9

E678-11A

1250

0.1 1000 o

R10454

8 12

115 to 195 150M

130

Cs-I

MF 5

CC/9

E678-11A

1250

0.1 1000 o

R8486

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R10825, R10824

2 R6354

3 R7154

28.5 1.5
8 MIN.

52 MAX.

72
42 2

24.0 1.5

13 MIN.

45.5 MAX.

53 MAX.

35.0 2.0

25.0 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

80 MAX.

94 MAX.

4 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

9.5 MIN.

13.3 0.3

4 MIN.

49.0 2.5

13.5 0.8

14.3 0.4

MgF2 WINDOW

24 MIN.

17.0 0.6

PHOTOCATHODE

HA TREATMENT
11 PIN BASE
32.2 0.5
11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY5

DY6
7

DY4 5

DY5

DY2

1 K

DY7

DY5

9 DY8
10 DY9

DY1

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

11
2

DY6
6

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3

9 DY9

DY1

DY4 4

DY2

10
1

11
K

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

TPMSA0044EA

30

DY6
7

DY3 4

11 P
2

DY4 5

10 DY9

DY1

DY7
9 DY8

DY3 4
DY2

TPMSA0034EE

TPMSA0001EA

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

23a

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Notes

Type No.

9.2 104a 4.0 106

0.3

1.4

15

R10825

0.5

1.4

15

R6354

0.3

1.4

15

R10824

2.0

105b

4.0

106

105b

6.0

106

50b

2.0

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

33b

62b

6.2 105b 1.0 107

10

2.2

22

R7154

50

1.5 105 3.0 106

0.5

2.2

22

R7639

10

2.2

22

R8486

0.1

2.2

22

52b

5.2

25.5a

1.0 105a 3.9 106

1.0

25.5a

0.1

2.2

22

R8487
Better solar-blind characteristics
Anode sensitivity ratio (122/300): 8500

R10454

5 R8486, R8487, R10454

20 MAX.

20 MAX.

4 R7639

3.9

106

20 MAX.

20 MAX.

FACEPLATE

FACEPLATE

28.5 1.5

28.5 1.5

8 MIN.

3 MIN.

14 MIN.
94 MAX.

80 MAX.

49.0 2.5

12 MIN.
PHOTOCATHODE

PHOTOCATHODE

32.2 0.5

32.2 0.5

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88

DY5

DY6
6

DY4 4

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3
DY2

9 DY9

DY1

10
1

11
K

DY5

TPMSA0040EB

DY6
6

DY4 4

DY7
8 DY8

DY3 3
DY2

9 DY9

DY1

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

94 MAX.

MgF2
WINDOW

MgF2
WINDOW

80 MAX.

105a

1.0

107

49.0 2.5

105b

10
1

11
K

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

TPMSA0042EB

31

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

10 mm (3/8") Dia. Types


8

R2496

R1635

160 to 650 400S

420

BA

L/8

E678-11N* ui

1500 0.03 1250 t

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/8

E678-11N* y

1500 0.03 1250 q

115 to 200 100M

140

Cs-I

MF 2

L/10

E678-12A*

2250 0.01 2000 !2

115 to 320 200M

240

Cs-Te

MF 2

L/10

E678-12A*

1250 0.01 1000 !2

13 mm (1/2") Dia. Types


6

R1081
R1080

R759

10

160 to 320 200S

240

Cs-Te

L/10

E678-13F* o!0

1250 0.01 1000 !2

R647

10

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-13F* o!0

1250

R4124

10

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-13F* !1

1250 0.03 1000 !8

R2557

10

300 to 650 402K

375

LBA

L/10

E678-13F* !2

1500 0.03 1250 !5

R4177-01

10

300 to 650 401K

375

HBA

L/10

E678-13E*

1800 0.02 1500 !2

185 to 850 500U

420

MA

L/10

E678-13F* o!0

1250 0.01 1000 !2

10

R1463

0.1 1000 !2

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R2496, R1635

2 R1081, R1080

3 R759, R647, R2557, R1463


13.5 0.5
6 MIN.

FACEPLATE

71 2

PHOTOCATHODE

13 MAX.

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS
8 MIN.
12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43
45.0 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

10 MAX.

11 PIN BASE

R1635

R2496

37.3 0.5

R1635

R2496

9.7 0.4

10.5 0.5

R2496 has a plano-concave faceplate.

13 PIN BASE

A Temporary Base Removed


DY10
P
DY8
7
8
6
DY9
DY6
5
9
DY7 4

DY7
5
DY5

P
6

DY8
7
8

2
DY1

DY5 3
DY6

DY3

1
IC

10
DY2
11
K

11 DY2

DY5 3

13
K

DY8
8

DY6

10 DY4
11 DY2
2

12
1

13

IC

SHORT PIN

DY9

TPMHA0014EA

DY8

DY7 4

9 DY6

DY5 3

10 DY4

DY3

11

2
1
DY1

12

DY2

TPMHA0207EA

32

DY1

B Bottom View
DY10
P

SHORT PIN

TPMHA0100EB

6
5

DY7 4

DY3

1
DY1

DY10

P
DY9

10 DY4

9 DY4

DY3 3

PHOTOCATHODE
LEAD LENGTH 33 MIN.

71 2

FACEPLATE

10 MIN.

13 MAX.

13.5 0.5
FACEPLATE

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

60

100

10.0

80

30

100

8.0 104 1.0 106

50

0.7

9.0

60

100

10.0

80

30

100

8.0 104 1.0 106

50

0.8

9.0

12a

1.8

18

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

28b

2 102
(A/W)a
4 103
(A/W)b
4 103
(A/W)b

30

28b

40

110

10.0

80

1.2 103a 1.0 105 0.03 0.05

1.4

104b

1.4

104b

5.0

105

0.3

5.0

105

110

8.0 104 1.0 106

40

100

10.0

80

30

100

8.0

25

40

5.5

50

50

200

2.5 105 5.0 106

1.0

104

40

6.0

51

10

20

2.5

80

120

0.2

51

30

120

5.1 104 1.0 106

4 R4124

5.0

2.5

24

0.3

2.5

24

15

2.1

22

105

Type No.

R2496
For photon counting: R1635P
UV glass window: R3878

R1635

R1081
For photon counting: R1080P

R1080
R759

For photon counting: R647P


UV glass window: R960
Silica glass window: R760

R647

15

1.1

12

UV glass window: R4141

0.5

2.2

22

For photon counting: R2557P

R2557

High temp. operation


(Maximum Temp.: +175 C)
For photon counting: R1463P

R4177-01

106

20

105

Notes

0.5

10

2.0

20

20

2.5

24

R4124

R1463

5 R4177-01

14.5 0.7
FACEPLATE

10 MIN.

13.5 0.5
10 MIN.

FACEPLATE

PHOTOCATHODE

13 PIN BASE

DY9
DY7

DY10

3
2

DY1
IC

13
K

DY9

10 DY6

DY7 4

11

DY5

DY4

12
1

DY10

DY8

DY5 4
DY3

13 PIN BASE

13 MAX.

13 MAX.

50 2

61 2

PHOTOCATHODE

DY8
8
9

DY6

10 DY4

DY3

DY2

11
2

DY1

12
1

13

DY2

IC

K
SHORT PIN

SHORT PIN

TPMHA0006EA
TPMHA0102EA

33

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

E678-12A*

2250 0.01 2000 !4

19 mm (3/4") Dia. Types


13

R972
R821

15

115 to 200 100M

140

Cs-I

160 to 320 200S

240

Cs-Te

MF 1

L/10

L/10

E678-12L* !3!4!5 1250 0.01 1000 !4


E678-12L* !3!4!5 1250

R1166

15

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

R1450

15

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-12L* !6

1800

0.1 1500 !6

R3478

15

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/8

E678-12L* !7!8

1800

0.1 1700 y

R5610A

15

300 to 650 402K

375

LBA

4 C+L/10

E678-12T*

1250

0.1 1000 !7

R5611A-01

15

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

5 C+L/10

E678-12A*

1250

0.1 1000 !7

R3991A

15

E678-12R*

1800 0.02 1500 !7

300 to 650 401K

375

HBA

5 C+L/10

R1617

15

300 to 850 500K

420

MA

L/10

R1878

300 to 850 500K

420

MA

L/10

0.1 1000 !4

E678-12L* !3!4!5 1250


E678-12L* !9

0.1 1000 !4
0.1 1000 !5

1250

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R972

2 R821, R1166, R1450, R1617

3 R3478

19 1
13 MIN.

FACEPLATE
PHOTOCATHODE

88 2

FACEPLATE

15 MIN.
18.6 0.7

PHOTOCATHODE

FACEPLATE

15 MIN.

A
12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

R821
R1450
R1166 (Plano-concave
faceplate)
R1617

12 PIN BASE

37.3 0.5

R821

A Temporary Base Removed


DY8
DY6
DY10
7
8
6
DY4
P
9
5
10 DY2
DY9 4
11
DY7 3
K
12
2
DY5
DY1
1
DY3

65 2
12 PIN BASE

Others

19 1

18.6 0.7

R1450 has a plano-concave faceplate.

DY10
6
5

DY8
7
DY6
8

DY9 4

9 DY4

DY5

12

DY1

SHORT PIN
DY10
6

DY8

DY7 4

9 DY6

DY5 3

10 DY4

DY3

11

2
1
DY1

12

DY2

TPMHA0208EA

34

DY6

IC 4

9 DY4

DY7 3

10 DY2

DY5

11

2
1
DY3

12

DY1

SHORT PIN
11

B Bottom View
DY9

DY8

IC
P

10 DY2

DY7 3

DY3

13 MAX.

LEAD LENGTH 45 MIN.

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS

13 MAX.

13 MAX.

88 2

PHOTOCATHODE

TPMHA0012EB

TPMHA0119EB

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

12a

28b

2 102
(A/W)a
4 103
(A/W)b

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

1.2 103a 1.0 105 0.03 0.05

1.6

17

1.0 104b 3.6 105

0.5

2.5

27

70

110

10.5

85

10

110

8.5

70

115

11.0

88

100

200

1.5 105 1.7 106

200

11.0

88

100

1.5

105
105

1.0

106

2.5

27

50

1.8

19

1.7

106

10

2.0

106

30

50

6.5

50

20

100

1.0

60

90

10.5

85

10

50

4.7 104 5.5 105

20

40

6.0

51

20

1.9

80

120

0.2

51

30

120

5.1 104 1.0 106

150

6.1

0.2

51

30

4 R5610A

1.2

106

14

0.5

1.3

12

20

1.3

12

0.1

10

1.0

10

20

2.5

27

100f 250f 1.7

24

5 R5611A-01, R3991A

Type No.

R972
MgF2 window: R976
(Dimensional Outline: 1)
For photon counting: R1166P
UV glass window: R750
Semiflexible lead: R1450-13

R821

UV glass window: R3479


Silica glass window: R2076
For photon counting: R5610P
Maximum Temp.: +70 C
Button stem: R5611A

R3478

High temp. operation


(Maximum Temp.: +175 C)
UV glass window: R1464
Silica glass window: R2027
Bialkali photocathode: R2295

R3991A

R1166
R1450

R5610A
R5611A-01

R1617
R1878

6 R1878

19 1
18.6 0.7
FACEPLATE

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS

18.6 0.7
15 MIN.

A
12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

30 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

4 MIN.

MASKED
PHOTOCATHODE

80 2

PHOTOCATHODE

FACEPLATE

FACEPLATE

15 MIN.

13 MAX.

120

104

5.0

105

1.3

LEAD LENGTH 45 MIN.

80

104

300

Notes

HA TREATMENT

B
37.3 0.5

13 MAX.

12 PIN BASE

13 MAX.

115

104

0.3

70

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

12 PIN BASE
R5611A-01 R3991A

K
DY2

9 DY5

DY6 3

10 DY7
11

2
1

12

DY10

28 1.5
P

DY3

DY4 4

DY8

30 1.5

DY1

A Temporary Base Removed


DY9

DY10
9

10 DY8

DY7 4

11 DY6

DY5 3

SHORT PIN

DY6
8

DY9 4

9 DY4

DY7 3

10 DY2

DY5

11

2
1
DY3

12

DY1

SHORT PIN

12

DY3
TPMHA0269EA

DY8

DY9

DY10
6
5

14

DY1

DY4
13
DY2

TPMHA0027EA

B Bottom View
P
DY9

6
5

DY10
7
DY8
8

DY7 4

9 DY6

DY5 3

10 DY4

DY3

11

2
1
DY1

12

DY2

TPMHA0036EC

35

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

25 mm (1") Dia. Types


160 to 320 201S

240

Cs-Te

1 CC/10

E678-12A*

2000 0.015 1500 !5

R9800

22

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/8

E678-12A*

1500

0.1 1300 i

R7899

22

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-14C* @0

1800

0.1 1250 !8

R4998

20

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-12A*

2500

0.1 2250 @2

R1924A

22

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

5 C+L/10 E678-14C* @1@2@3 1250

0.1 1000 !7

R3550A

22

300 to 650 402K

375

LBA

5 C+L/10 E678-14C* @1@2@3 1250

0.1 1000 !7

R1288A

22

300 to 650 401K

375

HBA

1 C+L/10

300 to 850 500K

420

MA

5 C+L/10 E678-14C* @1@2@3 1250

0.1 1000 !7

300 to 900 502K

420

MA

6 C+L/10 E678-14C* @1@2@3 1250

0.1 1000 !7

R2078

21

22

R1925A

21

R5070A

1800 0.02 1500 !7

E678-12R*

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R2078, R1288A

2 R9800

3 R7899

25.4 A
FACEPLATE

25.4 0.5

FACE PLATE

22 MIN.

25.4 0.5
22 MIN.

12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

55 2
A
12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

R1288A

14 PIN BASE

37.3 0.5
R2078
0.8
21

A
B

37.3 0.5

R1288A
0.5
22

A Temporary Base Removed


P
10

DY7
DY5
A Temporary Base Removed
P
8

DY9
DY7

6
5

DY5 4

DY10
10
DY8
11

DY3 3

12 DY6

DY1 2

13 DY4
14
DY2

17
K

DY8
12

13

P
6

14 DY4

DY1 5

15 DY2

DY7 4

9 DY6

NC
7

DY8

DY3

11

2
1
DY1

12

9 DY6
10 DY4
11

2
1
DY1

12

DY2

DY2

TPMHA0039EB

36

DY5 3
DY3

IC
8

IC
9

10

DY5 4

DY10

11 DY8

DY3 3
2
DY1

12 DY6
13
14
DY4
DY2

TPMHA0492EA

B Bottom View
P
6

P
7

SHORT PIN

10 DY4

DY5 3

K
1
K

DY7 4

DY10
7
DY8
8

DY6

DY3 6

DY9
DY7

NC

B Bottom View
DY9

13 MAX.

R2078

68.0 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

SEMI-FLEXIBLE
LEADS

13 MAX.

LEAD LENGTH 50 MIN.

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS

PHOTOCATHODE

55 MIN.

13 MAX.

PHOTOCATHODE

43.0 1.5

FACEPLATE

TPMHA0521EC

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

29b

2 103
(A/W)b

70

95

11.0

88

20

100

9.3 104 1.1 106

1.5 104b 5.0 105 0.015 0.1

70

95

11.0

88

190

1.7

60

70

9.0

72

100

400

4.1 105 5.7 106

180

10.5

85

40

2.0

106

R1924A

1.5

17

R3550A

1.3

13

20

1.5

17

For photon counting: R3550P


Maximum Temp.: +70 C
Button stem: R1288A-01
High temp. operation (Maximum Temp.: +175 C)
Silica glass window: R1926A

20

2.2

19

Prism window

R5070A

105

3
3

1.1

20

1.9 104 5.0 105

80

150

0.2

64

20

75

3.2

130

230

0.1h

65

20

100

2.8 104 4.3 105

104

5.0

R4998

17

10

100

Assembly type: H6533


Silica glass window: R5320
Silica glass window assembly type: H6610

Photon counting: R1924P

0.1

45

51

R7899

10

0.5

55

R9800

Semiflexible leads: R7899-01

17

2.0

UV glass type: R10560

0.7

106

6.0

11

1.6

2.0

7.0

R2078

1.0

15

105

40

Better solar-blind characteristics

800

1.7

50

14

106

20

1.5

100

105

30

4 R4998

50

Type No.

20

5 R1924A, R3550A, R1925A

1.5

R1288A
R1925A

6 R5070A

26 1
FACEPLATE

20 MIN.

71 1

PHOTOCATHODE

25.4 0.5

25.4 0.5

FACEPLATE
(Prism)

22 MIN.

FACEPLATE

21 MIN.

13 MAX.

HA TREATMENT

A
12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

PHOTOCATHODE

43.0 1.5

LEAD LENGTH 52 MIN.

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS

PHOTOCATHODE

13 MAX.

SMA
CONNECTOR

14 PIN BASE

46.0 1.5

90

105

Notes

13 MAX.

60

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

14 PIN BASE

B
37.3 0.5

P
DY9
6

IC
8

P
IC

DY7 5
A Temporary Base Removed
P

12

DY9 5

DY10
DY8
13
DY6
14
15 DY4

DY7 4
(Acc)
DY5

16
3

6
10 DY10

IC
8

IC
9

DY7 5

10 DY10

DY5 4

11 DY8

DY5 4

11 DY8

DY3 3

12 DY6
13
DY4
14
DY2

DY3 3

12 DY6
13
DY4
14
DY2

DY1

2
1
K

SHORT PIN

DY1

2
1
K

SHORT PIN

DY2

17

DY3

DY9

1 18
DY1
K

TPMHA0040EC

TPMHA0491EB

B Bottom View
P

DY9 5
DY7 4
(Acc)
DY5 3
DY3

DY10
6
DY8
7
8 DY6
9 DY4

2
1
DY1

10 DY2
11
12
G
K

TPMHA0093ED

37

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

28 mm (1-1/8") Dia. Types


R6835
R6836

23
23

115 to 200 100M

140

Cs-I

MF 1 B+L/11

E678-14C*

2500 0.01 2000 @6

115 to 320 200M

240

Cs-Te

MF 1 B+L/11

E678-14C*

1500 0.01 1000 @6

160 to 320 200S

240

Cs-Te

2 B+L/11 E678-14C* @4@5@6 1500 0.01 1000 @6

R6095

25

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

3 B+L/11 E678-14C* @4@5@6 1500

0.1 1000 @6

R6094

25

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

4 B+L/11 E678-14C* @4@5@6 1500

0.1 1000 @6

R6427

25

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-14C* @7@8@9 2000

0.1 1500 @0

185 to 850 500U

420

MA

B/11 E678-14C* @4@5@6 1500

0.1 1000 @6

R6834

25

25

R374

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R6835, R6836

2 R6834

3 R6095, R374
28.5 0.5

FACEPLATE

28.2 0.8

FACEPLATE

25 MIN.
PHOTOCATHODE

14 PIN BASE

P
DY8

DY11
6

9
10 DY6

DY9 5

DY10
DY8
8
9
10 DY6

R6095

R374
14 PIN BASE

DY10

P
DY11
DY9

DY8
9
10 DY6

DY7 4

11 DY4

DY7 4

11 DY4

DY7 4

11 DY4

DY5 3

12 DY2
13
K
14
DY1

DY5 3

12 DY2
13
K
14
DY1

DY5 3

12 DY2
13
K
14
DY1

2
1

DY3
IC

DY3

2
1
IC

TPMHA0115EC

2
1

DY3
IC

SHORT PIN

SHORT PIN

SHORT PIN

38

92 2

DY10

P
DY11
DY9

14 PIN BASE

13 MAX.

13 MAX.

92 2

PHOTOCATHODE

112 2

PHOTOCATHODE

13 MAX.

23 MIN.

FACEPLATE

25 MIN.

28.2 0.8

TPMHA0226EC

TPMHA0482EA

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)
12a

28b

4 103
(A/W)b
4 103
(A/W)b

60

95

11.0

88

50

60

95

28b

11.0

88

50

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Type No.

1.2 103a 1.0 105 0.03 0.05

2.8

22

R6835

1.4 104b 5.0 105

0.3

4.0

30

R6836

1.4

0.3

4.0

30

10

4.0

30

For photon counting: R6095P-01

R6095

30

For photon counting: R6094P-01

R6094
R6427
R374

104b

5.0

105

200

1.8 105 2.1 106

200

R6834

1.8

105

2.1

106

105

5.0

106

10

200

1.7

16

UV glass window: R7056

15

15

60

High gain: R1104

70

100

11.0

88

100

500

4.4

80

150

0.2

64

20

80

3.4 104 5.3 105

4 R6094

Notes

10

4.0

5 R6427
28.5 0.5

FACEPLATE

28.5 0.5

25 MIN.

FACEPLATE

25 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

14 PIN BASE

P
DY11
6

DY9 5

13 MAX.

DY10
DY8
8
9
10 DY6

DY7 4

11 DY4

DY5 3

12 DY2
13
K
14
DY1

DY3

2
1
IC

SHORT PIN

85 2

92 2

PHOTOCATHODE

14 PIN BASE

P
NC
6

DY9 5

13 MAX.

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

DY10
DY8
8
9
10 DY6

DY7 4

11 DY4

DY5 3

12 DY2
13
K
14
DY1

DY3

2
1
IC

SHORT PIN

TPMHA0493EA

TPMHA0387EA

39

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

28 mm (1-1/8") Dia. Types


R5929

25

300 to 900 502K

420

MA

B/11 E678-14C* @4@5@6 1500

0.1 1000 @6

R2228

25

300 to 900 501K

600

EMA

B/11 E678-14C* @4@5@6 1500

0.1 1000 @6

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

2 B+L/11

E678-14C* #0

1500 0.01 1000 @8

300 to 850 500K

420

MA

2 B+L/11

E678-14C* #0

1500 0.01 1000 @8

E678-14C* #1

10

R7205-01

10

R7206-01
R3998-02

25

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

1500

0.1 1000 !0

R7111

25

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

4 C+L/10 E678-14C* @1@2@3 1250

0.1 1000 !7

B+L/9

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R5929

2 R2228
28.5 0.5

FACEPLATE
(Prism)

3 R7205-01, R7206-01
28.5 0.5

FACEPLATE
(Prano-concave)

25 MIN.

29.0 0.7

25 MIN.

10 MIN.

FACEPLATE

PHOTOCATHODE

112 2

112 2

PHOTOCATHODE

92 2

PHOTOCATHODE

DY10

P
DY11
DY9

DY8

DY9

P
DY8

DY11
6

9
10 DY6

13 MAX.

14 PIN BASE

DY10

P
DY11

9
10 DY6

DY9 5

DY10
DY8
8
9
10 DY6

DY7 4

11 DY4

DY7 4

11 DY4

DY7 4

11 DY4

DY5 3

12 DY2
13
K
14
DY1

DY5 3

12 DY2
13
K
14
DY1

DY5 3

12 DY2
13
K
14
DY1

2
1

DY3
IC

SHORT PIN

2
1

DY3
IC

DY3

2
1
IC

SHORT PIN

SHORT PIN

TPMHA0532EA

40

14 PIN BASE

13 MAX.

14 PIN BASE

13 MAX.

HA
TREATMENT

TPMHA0533EA

TPMHA0412EC

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

130

230

0.25

65

30

180

5.1 104 7.8 105

25

15

60

100

200

0.3

40

20

150

3.0 104 7.5 105

30

15

60

Prism window

Type No.

R5929
R2228

Silica glass window: R7207-01

40

70

9.0

72

200

700

7.5

1.7

26

80

150

0.2

64

200

1500

6.4 105 1.0 107 300f 1000f 1.7

26

R7206-01

120
180

90

10.5

85

10.5

50

85

40

4 R3998-02

1.1
1.7

105

10f 30f

R7205-01

1.3

106

10

3.4

23

R3998-02

2.0

106

20

1.6

18

R7111

5 R7111

28.5 0.5
FACEPLATE

25 MIN.

60 2
P
DY8
DY6 5

13 MAX.

14 PIN BASE

DY9
DY7
8
9
10 DY5
11 IC

IC 4
DY4

28.5 0.5

FACEPLATE

PHOTOCATHODE

12

3
2
1

DY2
G

DY3

13
14
DY1
K

25 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

43.0 1.5

60

90

105

107

13 MAX.

60

105

1.0

Notes

14 PIN BASE

P
DY9
6

IC
8

IC
9

DY7 5

10 DY10

DY5 4

11 DY8

DY3 3

12 DY6
13
DY4
14
DY2

DY1

2
1
K

SHORT PIN

SHORT PIN

TPMHA0114EA

TPMHA0395EB

41

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

38 mm (1-1/2") Dia. Types


R11102

34

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

1 C+L/10

E678-12A #2#3

1250

0.1 1000 !5

R3886A

34

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

2 C+L/10 E678-12A* #2#3

1250

0.1 1000 !5

R9420

34

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/8

E678-12A*

1500

0.1 1300 i

R580

34

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-12A* #2#3

1750

0.1 1250 !5

300 to 650 401K

375

HBA

5 C+L/10 E678-12R* #2#3

300 to 900 501K

600

EMA

1 CC/10

R9722A

34
34

R2066

E678-12A* #2#3

1800 0.02 1500 !5


0.2 1000 !5

1500

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R11102, R2066

2 R3886A

38.0 0.7

FACEPLATE

34 MIN.

38 0.7

FACEPLATE

34 MIN.

12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS
13 MAX.

99 2

116 MAX.

PHOTOCATHODE

12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

LEAD LENGTH 70 MIN.

63.5 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

R11102

37.3 0.5

37.3 0.5

R2066
(Plano-concave
faceplate)

A Temporary Base Removed

DY9

DY10
9
DY8
10
11 DY6

DY10

DY8

DY7 4

9 DY6

6
DY9 5

12 DY4

DY7 4

10 DY4

DY5 3
DY3

11

2
1
DY1

12

DY2

13 DY2

DY5 3
2
1
DY1

DY3

15
K

B Bottom View
P

TPMHA0228EA

DY10
6

DY9

DY8

DY7 4

9 DY6
10 DY4

DY5 3
DY3

11

2
1
DY1

12

DY2

K
TPMHA0104EA

42

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

80

120

11.5

89

10

120

8.9 104 1.0 106

20

3.2

34

R11102

60

90

10.5

85

40

180

4.3 104 2.0 106

20

2.6

30

R3886A

105

10

100

1.6

17

R9420

20

2.7

37

70

95

11.0

88

47

4.4

70

95

11.0

88

10

100

9.7 104 1.1 106

20
50

40

0.3

5
20

3 R9420

2.5
1.0

104

5.0

0.5

10

2.2

26

2.5

105

30

2.8

40

4 R580

R580
High temp. operation
(Maximum Temp.: +175 C)

R9722A
R2066

5 R9722A

38 1
FACEPLATE

34 MIN.

38.0 0.7

FACEPLATE

34 MIN.
38 1

PHOTOCATHODE

FACEPLATE

34 MIN.

87 2

PHOTOCATHODE
69.0 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

13 MAX.

200

51

6.0

105

13 MAX.

12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

LEAD LENGTH 70 MIN.

109 2

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS

A
LEAD LENGTH 70 MIN.

120

40

104

5.0

127 MAX.

20

104

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS

12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

B
B
37.3 0.5

37.3 0.5

37.3 0.5

A Temporary Base Removed

A Temporary Base Removed


P

P
7

11

DY8

12 DY6

DY7 6
DY5 5

DY9

14 DY2

DY7 4

9 DY6

DY5 3

10 DY4

DY3
2
DY1

1
K

DY8

13 DY4

DY3 4

11

2
1
DY1

12

DY9 5

12 DY4

DY7 4

13 DY2

DY5 3
DY2

DY3

2
1
DY1

NC

TPMHA0121EA

NC
7

DY8

9 DY6

10 DY4

DY3

11

2
1
DY1

P
DY9

DY7 4
DY5

12

15
K

B Bottom View

B Bottom View
P
6

DY10
DY8
9
10
DY6
11

DY10

DY2

6
5

DY10
7
DY8
8

DY7 4

9 DY6

DY5 3

10 DY4

DY3

11

2
1
DY1

12

DY2

K
TPMHA0519EC

TPMHA0042EB

43

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

51 mm (2") Dia. Types with Plastic Base


R6231

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B+L/8

E678-14W #4#5

1500

0.1 1000 u

R1306

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B/8

E678-14W #6#7

1500

0.1 1000 w

R878

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B/10 E678-14W $0$1$2$3 1500

0.1 1250 !3

R9779

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/8

E678-20B*

1750

0.1 1500 r

R2154-02

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-14W #8

1750

0.1 1250 !5

R1828-01

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/12

E678-20B* #9

3000

0.2 2500 @9

300 to 850 500K

420

MA

B/10 E678-14W $0$1$2$3 1500

0.3 1000 !3

46

R550

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R6231

2 R1306

3 R878, R550

51.0 0.5
FACEPLATE

51.0 0.5
FACEPLATE

46 MIN.

46 MIN.

51.0 0.5

FACEPLATE

46 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

PHOTOCATHODE

124 2

147 MAX.

114 2

137 MAX.

113 MAX.

90 3

PHOTOCATHODE

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

56.5 0.5

56.5 0.5

DY5

DY6
7

6
DY4 5

IC

DY6

9
11 DY8

DY2 3
2
1
DY1

12 P
13
G
14
K

TPMHA0388EB

44

DY7
7

6
10 DY7

DY3 4

IC

IC
8

56.5 0.5

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B14-38

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B14-38

DY5 5

DY8
IC
8
9
10 IC

DY6

DY7
7

6
DY5 5

DY8
DY9
8
9
10 DY10

DY4 4

11 P

DY4 4

11 P

DY3 3

12 IC
13
G
14
K

DY3 3

12 IC
13
G
14
K

DY2

2
1
DY1

TPMHA0089EC

DY2

2
1
DY1

TPMHA0210EB

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

Semiflexible lead: R6231-01

80

110

12.0

95

30

2.6 104 2.7 105

20

8.5

48

80

110

12.0

95

30

2.6 104 2.7 105

20

7.0

60

R1306
R878

60

100

11.5

90

20

100

9.0

70

95

11.0

88

10

47.5

4.6 104 5.0 105

85

10.5

90

20

90

8.5

104
106

1.0

106

50

7.0

70

15

100

1.8

20

1.0

106

2.0

107

50

400

10

30

60

90

10.5

85

200

1800

1.7

100

150

0.2

64

20

100

4.3 104 6.7 105

4 R9779

20

5 R2154-02

R9779

31

Multialkali photocathode: R3256

R2154-02

1.3

28

Silica glass window: R2059

R1828-01

9.0

70

3.4

R550

6 R1828-01
53.0 1.5

51 1

FACEPLATE

FACEPLATE

46 MIN.

46 MIN.

51.0 0.5

FACEPLATE

PHOTOCATHODE

46 MIN.
PHOTOCATHODE

170 3

HA
TREATMENT

13 MAX.

LEAD LENGTH 70 MIN.

A
20 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B20-102

124 2

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS

192 MAX.

98 2

PHOTOCATHODE

147 MAX.

60

104

R6231

20 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B20-102

56.5 0.5

51.2 0.5

51.2 0.5

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B14-38
A Temporary Base Removed
DY7
8
DY5
7
DY3 6

P
10

DY8
12
DY6
13
14 DY4

DY1 5

15 DY2
3

Acc

1
K

17
G

DY7
7

6
DY5 5

DY8
DY9
8
9
10 DY10

DY4 4

11 P

DY3 3

12 IC
13
IC
14
K

DY2

2
1
DY1

TPMHA0296EA

B Bottom View
P
NC
NC
9 10
8
DY7
7
DY5 6
DY3 5
DY1 4
3
2 1
NC
Acc
NC

DY6

P DY12
DY10
IC
DY8
DY11 9 10 11 12
13 DY6
DY9 8
14
7
DY7 6
15 DY4
16 DY4
DY5 5
17 DY2
IC 4
18
3
DY3
19 IC
2
20 G
DY1 1
K
IC

TPMHA0064ED

NC
NC
11 12 DY8
13 DY6
14
15 DY4
16 DY2
17
18 NC
20 19 G
K NC
TPMHA0520ED

45

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

51 mm (2") Dia. Types with Glass Base


R464

58

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B/12

E678-21C* $4

1500 0.01 1000 #1

R7724

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-21C* $5

2000

0.2 1750 @1

R329-02

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/12

E678-21C* $6$7$8 2700

0.2 1500 #0

R331-05

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/12

E678-21C* $6$7$8 2500

0.2 1500 #0

R2083

46

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/8

E678-19J*

3500

0.2 3000 e

46

300 to 650 401K

375

HBA

6 C+L/10

E678-15C*

1800 0.02 1500 !5

300 to 850 500K

420

MA

E678-21C* $4

1500 0.01 1000 #1

R4607A-01

58

R649

B/12

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


2 R7724

3 R329-02

52.0 1.5

52 1
58

FACEPLATE

FACEPLATE

46 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

PHOTOCATHODE

HA
TREATMENT

112 2

126 2

PHOTOCATHODE

53.0 1.5

FACEPLATE

46 MIN.

HA
TREATMENT

127 2

1 R464, R649

IC IC DY10
IC
DY8
10 11 12
DY12
DY6
13
9
14
8
P
DY4
15
7
DY11 6
16 DY2
DY9 5
DY7 4

2
DY5
1
DY3
DY1

17 G
18 IC
19
IC
21 20

IC

21 PIN BASE

IC IC DY8
IC
DY6
DY10 9 10 11 12 13 IC
14 DY4
8
P
15
7
DY9 6
16 DY2
17 IC
5
DY7
18
4
IC 3
19 IC
20 IC
2
DY5
1 21
DY3
IC
DY1
K

14 MAX.

21 PIN BASE

13 MAX.

13 MAX.

LIGHT SHIELD

21 PIN BASE

SH IC DY10
IC
DY8
DY12 9 10 11 12 13
DY6
14
P 8
DY4
7

DY11 6
DY9 5

DY7 4
3
2
DY5
1
DY3
DY1

15
16 DY2
17 G
18 IC
19
IC
21 20

IC

*CONNECT SH TO DY5

TPMHA0216EC

46

TPMHA0509EC

TPMHA0123EE

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

30

50

50

100

300

3.0 105 6.0 106

5f

15f

13

70

60

90

10.5

85

30

300

2.8 105 3.3 106

40

2.1

29

60

90

10.5

85

30

100

9.4

2.6

48

60

90

10.5

85

30

120

1.1 105 1.3 106 1000f 2000f 2.6

48

200

80

80

10.0

50

104

1.1

106

2.0

105

2.5

106

104

5.0

105

40

100

800

20

40

6.0

51

20

2.5

80

120

0.2

51

100

800

3.4 105 6.7 106 200f 350f

4 R331-05

50

5 R2083

Notes

Type No.

Silica glass window: R585

R464
R7724

UV glass window: R5113-02


Silica glass window: R2256-02
Silica glass window: R331

R329-02
R331-05

16

Assembly type: H2431-50 Recommended


Silica glass window: R3377
Silica glass window assembly type: H3378-50

R2083

2.6

28

High temp. operation


(Maximum Temp.: +175 C)

R4607A-01

13

70

0.7

R649

6 R4607A-01

53.0 1.5
FACEPLATE

53.0 1.5

46 MIN.
FACEPLATE

50.0

0.2

46 MIN.

46 MIN.

121 2

HA
TREATMENT

PHOTOCATHODE
80 2

HA
TREATMENT

52 1

FACEPLATE

PHOTOCATHODE
126 2

PHOTOCATHODE

21 PIN BASE

SH IC DY10
DY8
IC
10 11 12
DY12
13
9
DY6
14
8
P 7
15 DY4
DY11 6
DY9 5
4

DY7
3
2
DY5
1
DY3
DY1

16 DY2
17 G
18
IC
19
IC
21 20

IC

*CONNECT SH TO DY5

TPMHA0072EC

13 MAX.

13 MAX.

19 PIN BASE

SMA
CONNECTOR

NC NC NC
9 10 11

12

DY7 5
DY5 4
3
DY3
2
1
G2 & DY1
ACC

14
15 DY4
16 DY2
17

19

IC

18

15 PIN BASE

IC

IC
DY8
DY6
13
DY4

G1

13 MAX.

60

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

P
DY9

6
5

DY10
9

DY8
10
DY6
11

DY7 4
DY5
DY3

12 DY4

3
2
1
DY1

13 DY2
14
IC
15
K

SHORT PIN
SHORT PIN
TPMHA0185EC

TPMHA0003EC

47

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

51 mm (2") Dia. Types with Glass Base


46

R375

46

R669

10

R943-02

46

R2257

160 to 850 500S

420

MA

B/10

E678-15C* $9

1500

0.1 1000 !3

300 to 900 501K

600

EMA

B/10

E678-15C* $9

1500

0.1 1000 !3

160 to 930 650S 300-800 GaAs

L/10

300 to 900 501K

L/12

600

EMA

E678-21C*

2200 0.001 1500 !9

E678-21C* $6$7$8 2700

0.2 1500 #0

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R375, R669

2 R943-02

3 R2257
3.4

10

PHOTOCATHODE
10 10

51.0 1.5

FACEPLATE

6.6

52 1

FACEPLATE

46 MIN.

46 MIN.
FACEPLATE

PHOTOCATHODE

51 1

126 2

PHOTOCATHODE
10 10

88 2

112 2

19

PHOTOCATHODE

15 PIN BASE

IC DY9 DY7
7 8 9
DY5
10
6
IC 5
11 DY3
P

DY10 4
DY8 3
DY6

12 DY1
2

1
DY4

13
K
14
15
G
DY2

SHORT PIN

21 PIN BASE

IC IC DY9
IC
DY7
IC 9 10 11 12 13
DY5
14
P 8
DY3
15
7
DY10 6
16 DY1
DY8 5
DY6 4
3
2
DY4
1
DY2
K

17 IC
18 IC
19
IC
21 20

IC

IC

21 PIN BASE

13 MAX.

R669
(Plano-concave
faceplate)

LIGHT
SHIELD

14 MAX.

R375

13 MAX.

HA
TREATMENT

SH IC DY10
IC
DY8
DY12 9 10 11 1213 DY6
14 DY4
8
P
15
7
DY11 6
16 DY2
DY9 5
DY7 4

2 1
DY5
DY3
DY1

17 G
18 IC
19
2120 IC
IC
K

SHORT PIN

CONNECT SH TO DY5

TPMHA0211EA

48

TPMHA0021EF

TPMHA0359EB

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

80

150

0.2

64

20

80

3.4 104 5.3 105

20

9.0

70

140

230

0.35

50

20

75

1.7 104 3.3 105

15

9.0

70

300

600

0.58

71

150

300

3.6

140

230

0.35

50

15

100

2.2 104 4.3 105

104

5.0

105

20g 50g
30

100

3.0

23

2.6

48

Notes

Type No.

R375
R669
For photon counting

R943-02
R2257

49

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

76 mm (3") Dia. Types


R1307

70

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B/8

E678-14W #6#7

1500

0.1 1000 w

R6233

70

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B+L/8

E678-14W #4#5

1500

0.1 1000 u

R594

70

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B/10 E678-14W $0$1$2$3 2000

0.1 1500 !3

R4143

65

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/12

3000

0.2 2500 #2

R6091

65

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/12

E678-21C* $6$7$8 2500

0.2 1500 #0

E678-20B*

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R1307

2 R6233

3 R594

76.0 0.8
FACEPLATE

76.0 0.8
FACEPLATE

70 MIN.

70 MIN.
76.0 0.8
FACEPLATE

70 MIN

PHOTOCATHODE

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

56.5 0.5

DY6

DY7
7

6
DY5 5

DY8
IC
8
9
10 IC

DY6
7

6
DY3 4

DY3 3

12 IC
13
G
14
K

DY2 3

TPMHA0078EA

50

DY5

IC

IC
8

IC

DY6

9
11 DY8

2
1
DY1

137 3

56.5 0.5

10 DY7

DY4 5

11 P
2
1
DY1

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

56.5 0.5

DY4 4

DY2

100 3

51.5 1.5

160 MAX.

51.5 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

123 MAX.

127 3

51.5 1.5
14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

150 MAX.

PHOTOCATHODE

12 P
13
G
14
K

TPMHA0389EB

DY7
7

6
DY5 5

DY8
IC
8
9
10 IC

DY4 4

11 P

DY3 3

12 IC
13
G
14
K

DY2

2
1
DY1

TPMHA0557EA

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

80

110

12.0

95

30

2.6 104 2.7 105

20

8.0

64

Semiflexible lead: R1307-01

R1307

80

110

12.0

95

30

2.6 104 2.7 105

20

9.5

52

Semiflexible lead: R6233-01

R6233

70

95

11.5

90

10

70

6.7

70

7.0

65

R594

60

80

9.5

76

100

400

3.8 105 5.0 106

50

500

1.8

32

R4143

450

4.3

10

60

2.6

48

R6091

85

10.5

50

4 R4143

5.0

106

5 R6091
77.0 1.5
65 MIN.

FACEPLATE

76 1
FACEPLATE

192 5
HA
TREATMENT

215 MAX.

PHOTOCATHODE

65 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE
137 2

90

105

7.4

105

20 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B20-102

13 MAX.

60

104

51.8 1.0

21 PIN BASE
DY12
NC P
DY10
DY11
DY8
9 10 11 12
13
8
DY9
DY6
7

DY7 6
DY5 5

NC 4
3
DY3
2
1
G2 & DY1
IC

20

14
15 NC
16 DY4
17 DY2
18
19 NC

G1

TPMHA0112EB

SH IC DY10
IC
DY8
DY12 9 10 11 1213 DY6
14 DY4
P 8
15
7
DY11 6
16 DY2
DY9 5
17 G
18 IC
DY7 4
19
3
2 1 2120 IC
DY5
DY3
IC
DY1
K
SHORT PIN
* CONNECT SH TO DY5

TPMHA0285ED

51

Head-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

127 mm (5") Dia. Types


111

R877

111

R1513

120

R1250

120

R1584

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B/10 E678-14W $0$1$2$3 1500

0.1 1250 !3

300 to 850 500K

420

MA

VB/10 E678-14W $0$1$2$3 2000

0.1 1500 !3

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/14

E678-20B* %0

3000

0.2 2000 #8

185 to 650 400U

420

BA

L/14

E678-20B* %0

3000

0.2 2000 #8

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R877, R1513

2 R1250
133 2

FACEPLATE

120 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

133.0 1.5

259 5

171 3

PHOTOCATHODE

55 MAX.

194 MAX.

FACEPLATE

56.5 0.5

R1513

DY6

DY7
7

6
DY5 5

51.2 0.5

DY8
DY9
8
9
10 DY10

DY4 4

11 P

DY2

1
DY1

14

DY9 6

DY5 4
3
DY3
2
1
G2 & DY1
IC

13

DY14
IC P
DY12
DY13
DY10
9 10 11 12
13
DY11 8
DY8
DY7 5

12 IC

DY3 3
K

TPMHA0074EC

52

HA TREATMENT

20 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B20-102

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

R877

276 5

111 MIN.

20

14
15 DY6
16 DY4
17 DY2
18
IC
19

G1

TPMHA0018EC

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

K-free borosilicate glass: R877-01

Type No.

60

95

11.0

88

20

40

3.7 104 4.2 105

10

50

20

115

100

150

0.2

64

10

50

2.1 104 3.3 105

30

150

15

82

R1513

107

50

300

2.5

54

R1250

50

300

2.5

54

R1584

55

70

9.0

72

300

1000

1.0

55

70

9.0

72

300

1000

1.0 106 1.4 107

106

1.4

R877

3 R1584
133 2
120 MIN.

FACEPLATE

32
R1
259 5

276 5

PHOTOCATHODE

HA TREATMENT

20 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B20-102

51.2 0.5

DY14
IC P
DY12
DY13
DY10
9 10 11 12
13 DY8
DY11 8
14
7
DY9 6
15 DY6
16 DY4
DY7 5
17 DY2
DY5 4
18
3
DY3
19 IC
2
1
20
G2 & DY1
G1
IC
K

TPMHA0187EC

53

Hexagonal Type, Rectangular Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range
length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

Hexagonal Types
R6234

55 (6)

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B+L/8

E678-14W #4#5

1500

0.1 1000 u

R6235

70 (6)

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B+L/8

E678-14W #4#5

1500

0.1 1000 u

Rectangular Types
R6236

54

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B+L/8

E678-14W #4#5

1500

0.1 1000 u

R6237

70

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

B+L/8

E678-14W #4#5

1500

0.1 1000 u

R2248

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/8

E678-11N* y

300 to 650 400K

420

BA

L/10

E678-17A*

R1548-07

8 18 (2)

1500 0.03 1250 q


1750

0.1 1250 @0

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)

59.5 0.5

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38
56.5 0.5

DY6
7

6
DY4 5

56.5 0.5

IC

DY5

9
11 DY8

DY2 3
2
1
DY1

DY6
7

6
10 DY7

DY3 4

IC

IC
8

51.5 1.5
14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

12 P
13
G
14
K

TPMHA0390EB

DY4 5

56.5 0.5

IC
9
11 DY8

DY2 3
2
1
DY1

DY5

DY6
7

6
10 DY7

DY3 4

IC

IC
8

123 MAX

100 3

51.5 1.5

123 MAX.

100 3

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

54 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

123 MAX.

51.5 1.5

DY5

54 MIN.
FACEPLATE

70 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

PHOTOCATHODE

59.5 1.0

59.5 1.0

76.0 1.5
FACEPLATE

55 MIN.

100 3

FACEPLATE

85 1

3 R6236

79 MIN.

60 MIN.

2 R6235

67.5 0.6

1 R6234

12 P
13
G
14
K

DY4 5

IC
9
10 DY7
11 DY8

DY3 4
DY2 3
IC

IC
8

2
1
DY1

12 P
13
G
14
K

TPMHA0391EB
TPMHA0392EB

54

K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

80

110

12.0

95

30

2.6 104 2.7 105

20

9.5

52

Semiflexible lead: R6234-01

R6234

80

110

12.0

95

30

2.6 104 2.7 105

20

9.5

52

Semiflexible lead: R6235-01

R6235

80

110

12.0

95

30

2.6 104 2.7 105

20

9.5

52

Semiflexible lead: R6236-01

R6236

30

52

Semiflexible lead: R6237-01

R6237

95

2.6

2.7

104

1.1

106

60

95

9.5

76

30

100

8.0

60

80

9.5

76

50

200

1.9 105 2.5 106

20

9.5

50

0.9

20

250

1.8

20

6 R1548-07

8 MIN. 8 MIN.

76.0 1.5
8 MIN.

9.8 0.4

PHOTOCATHODE

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

70 2

8 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

56.5 0.5
11 PIN BASE
DY6
7

6
DY4 5

11 DY8
12 P

DY2 3
2
1
DY1

DY7
5

IC
9
10 DY7

DY3 4

IC

IC
8

13
G
14
K

DY5

P
6

17 PIN BASE

P2 DY10 DY8
DY7
8 9 10
11 DY6
7
DY9
12
6
DY7 5
13 DY4
14 DY2
DY5 4
3
15
DY3
2
16 IC
1
17 IC
DY1
IC
K

DY8
7
8

P1

DY6

9 DY4

DY3 3
2
DY1

PHOTOCATHODE

45.0 1.5

100 3

51.5 1.5

123 MAX

FACEPLATE

DY5

24.0 0.5

FACEPLATE

70 MIN.

10 MAX.

FACEPLATE

R1548-07

18 MIN.

70 MIN.

5 R2248

R2248
Rectangular dual type

76.0 1.5

4 R6237

1
IC

11
K

10
DY2

SHORT PIN

SHORT PIN

TPMHA0393EB

24.0 0.5

12.0

13 MAX.

110

105

9.8 0.4

80

104

TPMHA0098EB

TPMHA0223EA

55

Metal Package Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

D
E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

R9880U-01

R9880U-20

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R9880U, -01, -20
16.0 0.3
WINDOW
9.4 0.3

0.5 0.2

4.6 0.8

12.4 0.4

PHOTOCATHODE

EFFECTIVE
AREA
8.0

INSULATION
COVER

SIDE VIEW
10.16
5.08
GUIDE MARK

5.08

10.16

12- 0.45

DY3

DY5

DY7

BOTTOM VIEW

GUIDE MARK

DY9

11

DY2

10

DY10

7
DY8

DY1

DY6

12

DY4

TPMHA0539ED

56

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
C

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V)
(mA)

230 to 870

400

MA

MC/10

E678-12-01

1100

0.1

1000 !1

230 to 920

630

MA

MC/10

E678-12-01

1100

0.1

1000 !1

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

100

200

0.2

77

100

400

1.5 105 2.0 106

10

0.57

2.7

R9880U-01

350

500

0.45

78

350

1000

1.5 105 2.0 106

10

100

0.57

2.7

R9880U-20

Spectral Response

CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)


QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

100

TPMHB0815EA

10
R9880U-20

R9880U-01
CATHODE RADIANT
SENSITIVITY
QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY

0.1
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

WAVELENGTH (nm)

Gain
107

TPMHB0804EA

GAIN

106

105

104

103
500

600

700

800

900

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

1000 1100

57

Metal Package Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
C

Type No.
100 200

D
E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)
18

R7600U
R7600U-01

18

R7600U-20

18
18 (M4 ch)

R7600U-00-M4
R7600U-01-M4

18 (M4 ch)

R7600U-20-M4

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V)
(mA)

300 to 650

420

BA

MC/10

E678-32B %2

900

0.1

800 @4

300 to 850

400

MA

MC/10

E678-32B %2

900

0.1

800 @4

300 to 920

530

MA

MC/10

E678-32B %2

900

0.1

800 @4

300 to 650

420

BA

MC/10

E678-32B %3

900

0.1

800 @4

300 to 850

400

MA

MC/10

E678-32B %3

900

0.1

800 @4

300 to 920

530

MA

MC/10

E678-32B %3

900

0.1

800 @4

R5900U-00-L16

0.8 16 (L16 ch)

300 to 650

420

BA

MC/10

E678-32B %4

900

0.1

800 !2

R5900U-01-L16

0.8 16 (L16 ch)

300 to 880

420

MA

MC/10

E678-32B %4

900

0.1

800 !2

R5900U-20-L16

0.8 16 (L16 ch)

300 to 920

630

MA

MC/10

E678-32B %4

900

0.1

800 !2

18 (M4 ch)

Multianode photomultiplier tubes R7600-00-M16 and R7600-00-M64 are listed in the group of photomultiplier tube assemblies on page 78.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


2 R7600U-00-M4, R7600U-01-M4, R7600U-20-M4
30.0 0.5

30.0 0.5

TOP VIEW

SIDE VIEW
30- 0.45

20.32

20.32
BOTTOM VIEW

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
Dy1
Dy2
Dy3
Dy4
CUT (IC)
CUT (K)

K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

TPMHA0278EI

CUT (K)
Dy8
P12
P10
P8
P6
P4
Dy5
K

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
20
CORNER
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

K
Dy6
P13
P11
P9
P7
P5
Dy7
CUT (K)

Dy1
Dy3
IC
P2
P1
P3
Dy9

CUT (IC)
P3
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
P2
CUT (IC)

CUT (K)
Dy10
Dy9
Dy8
Dy7
Dy6
Dy5
CUT (IC)
CUT (K)

Dy10
P14
P16
P15
IC
Dy4
Dy2

CUT (IC)
P4
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
P1
CUT (IC)

IC
IC
IC
IC
P
IC
IC

K
IC (Dy10)
IC
Dy1
Dy2
Dy3
Dy4
IC (Dy10)
CUT (K)

4.4 0.7

4 MAX.
12.0 0.5

BOTTOM VIEW

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

22.0 0.5

INSULATION
COVER

0.6 0.4

15.8
20.32

16
P16

20.32

15- 0.45

2.54 PITCH

SIDE VIEW

BASING DIAGRAM

58

0.8

0.6 0.4

4 MAX.
12.0 0.5

IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

16

P1

PHOTOCATHODE
22.0 0.5

INSULATION
COVER

BOTTOM VIEW

CUT (K)
Dy10
Dy9
Dy8
Dy7
Dy6
Dy5
IC (Dy10)
CUT (K)

25.7 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

4.4 0.7

18 MIN.

P1
TOP VIEW

0.6 0.4

20.32

P4

20.32

29- 0.45

2.54 PITCH

SIDE VIEW

P2

4.4 0.7

4 MAX.
12.0 0.5

P3

PHOTOCATHODE

22.0 0.5

INSULATION
COVER

18 MIN.

18 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

TOP VIEW

1.0 PITCH

18 MIN.

30.0 0.5

25.7 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

25.7 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

3 R5900U-00-L16, R5900U-01-L16, R5900U-20-L16

2.54 PITCH

1 R7600U, R7600U-01, R7600U-20

BASING DIAGRAM

BASING DIAGRAM
K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

TPMHA0297EI

K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

TPMHA0298EG

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

UV glass window: R7600U-03


For photon counting: R7600P
UV glass window: R7600U-04

60

80

9.5

80

40

160

1.4 105 2.0 106

20

1.4

9.6

150

200

0.2

65

50

200

7.0 104 1.0 106

10

50

1.4

9.6

20

50

1.4

9.6

1.2

9.5

UV glass window: R7600U-03-M4

R7600U-00-M4

UV glass window: R7600U-04-M4

R7600U-01-M4

350

500

0.4

78

100

500

6.5

60

80

9.5

80

25

140

1.4 105 1.8 106 0.5/ch 5/ch

200

150

200

65

0.2

50

104

7.0

104
104

1.0

106

1.0

106

2.5/ch 12.5/ch 1.2

9.5

1.0

106

2.5/ch 12.5/ch 1.2

9.5

350

500

0.4

78

100

500

6.5

50

70

8.5

72

50

280

2.9 105 4.0 106 0.2/ch 2/ch

0.6

7.4

150

250

0.3

65

75

250

6.5

0.6

7.4

350

500

0.45

78

175

500

7.8 104 1.0 106 1/ch 10/ch 0.6

7.4

104

1.0

106

0.5/ch 5/ch

R7600U
R7600U-01
R7600U-20

R7600U-20-M4
UV glass window: R5900U-03-L16
Silica glass window: R5900U-06-L16
UV glass window: R5900U-04-L16
Silica glass window: R5900U-07-L16

R5900U-00-L16
R5900U-01-L16
R5900U-20-L16

Spectral Response
100
CATHODE
RADIANT
SENSITIVITY

10
QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY

1
R7600U
R7600U-00-M4

0.1

TPMHB0709EB

100

10

R5900U-20-L16
1
R5900U-01-L16

R5900U-00-L16
0.1

CATHODE RADIANT
SENSITIVITY

CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)


QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

TPMHB0266EC

CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)


QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)


QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

100

TPMHB0710EB

10
R7600U-20
R7600U-20-M4

R7600U-01
R7600U-01-M4

CATHODE RADIANT
SENSITIVITY
0.1
QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY

QUANTUM EFFICIENCY
0.01
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

900

1000

WAVELENGTH (nm)

0.01
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

WAVELENGTH (nm)

0.01
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000

WAVELENGTH (nm)

Gain
108

TPMHB0681EA

R5900U-00-L16
107

R5900U-01-L16
R5900U-20-L16

GAIN

106

R7600U
R7600U-00-M4

105

104

103
500

R7600U-01
R7600U-01-M4
R7600U-20
R7600U-20-M4

600

700

800

900

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

59

Metal Package Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
C

Type No.
100 200

D
E
F
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
Range length Material rial No. / Stages
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V)
(mA)

23.5

300 to 650

420

BA

MC/10

E678-32B %5

900

0.1

800 @5

R8900U-00-M4

23.5 (M4 ch)

300 to 650

420

BA

MC/10

E678-32B

900

0.1

800 @5

R8900-00-M16

23.5 (M16 ch)

300 to 650

420

BA

MC/12

%6

1000

0.1

800 #5

R8900U-00-C12

23.5

300 to 650

420

BA

MC/11

E678-32B %7

1000

0.1

800 @7

R8900U

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


2 R8900U-00-M4
30.0 0.5
26.2 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

23.5
23.5

23.5

23.5

TOP VIEW

0.8
1.2 MAX.

15.24
10.16

30- 0.45

15.24

CUT (IC)
P4
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
P1
CUT (IC)

IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
P
IC

25.5 0.5
SIDE VIEW

BOTTOM VIEW

BOTTOM VIEW

2.5 MAX.

12.5 MAX.

3.5 MAX.
EPOXY

5.08

20.32

20.32

20.32

16- 0.45

2.54 PITCH

SIDE VIEW

29.0 0.5

0.6 0.4

12.0 0.5

4.4 0.7

4 MAX.

29.0 0.5

0.6 0.4
20.32

PHOTOCATHODE

20.32

29- 0.45

2.54 PITCH

SIDE VIEW

INSULATION
COVER

4.4 0.7

4 MAX.
12.0 0.5

P1

INSULATION
COVER

P13

P1

P4
3

P4

P16

P2

23.5

16 15 14 13

P3

TOP VIEW
PHOTOCATHODE

TOP VIEW
PHOTOCATHODE

+0

26.2 - 0.5

23.5

27.2 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

7.0 0.5

23.5

2.54 PITCH

PHOTOCATHODE

26.2 0.5

6 MAX.

30.0 0.5

3 R8900-00-M16

5.08

1 R8900U

82.54=20.32
BOTTOM VIEW

CUT (G)
Dy10
Dy9
Dy8
Dy7
Dy6
Dy5
IC (Dy10)
CUT (G)

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

G
CUT (Dy11)
K
Dy1
Dy2
Dy3
Dy4
IC (Dy10)
CUT (G)

CUT (G)
Dy10
Dy9
Dy8
Dy7
Dy6
Dy5
CUT (Dy10)
CUT (G)

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

G
CUT (Dy10)
K
Dy1
Dy2
Dy3
Dy4
CUT (Dy10)
CUT (G)

CUT (IC) CUT (IC) G

CUT (IC) CUT (IC) CUT (IC)

Dy12
Dy11
Dy10

CUT (IC)

P13
P14

P9
P10

P5
P6

P1
P2

Dy9
Dy8

P7

Dy7

CUT (IC)
P3
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
P2
CUT (IC)

IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC

CUT (IC) P16

BASING DIAGRAM
G
: Grid
K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

60

TPMHA0529EA

CUT (IC)

K
Dy1
Dy2

P15 P11
P12

CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)

Dy3

Dy4
P4 CUT (IC)

P8

CUT (IC)

Dy6

P3

CUT (IC)

Dy5

CUT (IC)

CUT (IC)

BASING DIAGRAM

BASING DIAGRAM
G
: Grid
K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

TPMHA0530EA

G
: Grid
K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Don't Use)
Precautions must be taken to avoid electrical shock during
use because the metal package is connected to the cathode.
TPMHA0531EC

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

60

80

9.5

80

20

80

7.2 104 1.0 106

1.8

12.4

R8900U

60

80

9.5

80

20

80

7.2 104 1.0 106 1/ch 5/ch

1.4

11.4

R8900U-00-M4

1.3

13

R8900-00-M16

2.2

11.9

R8900U-00-C12

60

80

9.5

80

20

80

7.2

50

85

10.0

82

15

60

7.4 104 0.7 106

1.0

104

106

20

0.8/ch 4/ch
10

Spectral Response

30.0 0.5
PHOTOCATHODE

26.2 0.5
23.5

PX6
PX5
PX4
PX3
PX2
PX1

TOP VIEW

0.6 0.4

12.0 0.5
2.54 PITCH

SIDE VIEW
20.32

10
QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY

R8900U
R8900U-00-M4
R8900-00-M16

0.1

0.01
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

TPMHB0773EA

CATHODE
RADIANT
SENSITIVITY

10
QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY

1
R8900U-00-C12

0.1

0.01
200

300

400

500

600

700

800

WAVELENGTH (nm)

WAVELENGTH (nm)

Gain

20.32

25- 0.45

100
CATHODE
RADIANT
SENSITIVITY

4.4 0.7

INSULATION
COVER

29.0 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

4 MAX.

108

TPMHB0774EA

CUT (Dy11)
Dy10
Dy8
Dy6
Dy4
Dy2
K

BOTTOM VIEW

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

G
CUT (Dy11)
Dy1
Dy3
Dy5
Dy7
Dy9
Dy11
CUT (G)

106

R8900U
R8900U-00-M4
R8900U-00-C12

GAIN

CUT (G)
PY6
PY5
PY4
CUT (IC)
PY3
PY2
CUT (Dy11)
CUT (G)

R8900-00-M16

107

PX6
PX5
PX4
PY1
PX3
PX2
PX1

23.5

23.5
PY1
PY2
PY3
PY4
PY5
PY6

TPMHB0772EA

CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)


QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

4 R8900U-00-C12

CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)


QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

100

105

104

BASING DIAGRAM
G
K
Dy
P

: Grid
: Photocathode
: Dynode
: Anode (PX1-PX6)
(PY1-PY6)
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

103

102
500

600

700

800

900

1000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)


TPMHA0524EC

61

UBA (Ultra Bialkali), SBA (Super Bialkali) Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
QE
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
length Material rial No. / Stages
Range
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

Head-on Types
R1924A-100

22

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

1 C+L/10 E678-14C* @1@2@3 1250

R3998-100-02

25

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

R9420-100

34

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

R6231-100

46

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

R6233-100

70

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

R877-100

111

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

0.1 1000 !7

E678-14C* #1

1500

0.1 1000 !0

L/8

E678-12A*

1500

0.1 1300 i

B+L/8

E678-14W #4#5

1500

0.1 1000 u

B+L/8

E678-14W #4#5

1500

0.1 1000 u

B/10

E678-14W $0$1

1500

0.1 1250 !3

B+L/9

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R1924A-100

2 R3998-100-02

3 R9420-100

38 1
FACEPLATE

34 MIN.

87 2

PHOTOCATHODE

28.5 0.5
FACEPLATE

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS

25 MIN.

22 MIN.

FACEPLATE

13 MAX.

PHOTOCATHODE
A

60 2

43.0 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

12 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B12-43

LEAD LENGTH 70 MIN.

25.4 0.5

14 PIN BASE

37.3 0.5

13 MAX.

13 MAX.

14 PIN BASE

A Temporary Base Removed


P
DY9
6

IC
8

P
DY8

IC
9

DY7 5

10 DY10

DY5 4

11 DY8

DY3 3

12 DY6
13
DY4
14
DY2

DY1

2
1
K

DY6

P
7

12

13

2
1

DY2
G

14
K

11

DY5 5

13 DY4
14 DY2

DY3 4

DY3

DY8

12 DY6

DY7 6

11 IC

IC 4
DY4

SHORT PIN

DY9
DY7
8
9
10 DY5

DY1

2
DY1

SHORT PIN

1
K

B Bottom View
TPMHA0040EC

TPMHA0114EA

NC

P
6

NC
7

DY8

DY7 4
DY5
DY3

9 DY6
10 DY4

11

2
1
DY1

12

DY2

TPMHA0519EC

62

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Blue
Luminous
Luminous
Sensitivity Quantum Radiant
Index Efficiency
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(%) (mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)
(A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

100

130

13.5

35

110

50

260

2.2 105 2.0 106

25

1.5

17

R1924A-100

100

135

13.5

35

110

50

130

1.1 105 1.0 106

25

3.4

23

R3998-100-02

105

100

135

13.5

35

110

48

5.5

10

100

1.6

17

R9420-100

110

135

13.5

35

110

30

2.5 104 2.3 105

10

30

8.5

48

R6231-100

30

10

30

9.5

52

R6233-100

40

20

100

20

115

R877-100

110
90

110

35

13.5

105

110

35

13.5

135

3
20

3.7

104

2.5

104

2.3

105

4.2

104

3.8

105

Quantum efficiency is measured at the peak wavelength (350 nm).


Cathode radiant sensitivity is measured at the peak wavelength (400 nm).

5 R6233-100

4 R6231-100

6 R877-100

133.0 1.5
111 MIN.

76.0 0.8
51.0 0.5
FACEPLATE

FACEPLATE

70 MIN

PHOTOCATHODE
100 3

51.5 1.5

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

55 MAX.

123 MAX.

90 3

PHOTOCATHODE
113 MAX.

171 3

FACEPLATE
PHOTOCATHODE

194 MAX.

46 MIN.

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC
No. B14-38

56.5 0.5

56.5 0.5

56.5 0.5

14 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B14-38

DY5

DY6
7

6
DY4 5

DY5

IC
9
11 DY8

DY2 3
2
1
DY1

DY6
7

6
10 DY7

DY3 4

IC

IC
8

12 P
13
G
14
K

TPMHA0388EB

DY4 5

IC

2
1
DY1

DY7
7

6
11 DY8

DY2 3

DY6

9
10 DY7

DY3 4

IC

IC
8

12 P
13
G
14
K

TPMHA0389EB

DY5 5

DY8
DY9
8
9
10 DY10

DY4 4

11 P

DY3 3

12 IC
13
G
14
K

DY2

2
1
DY1

TPMHA0074EC

63

UBA (Ultra Bialkali), SBA (Super Bialkali) Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Type No.
100 200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
B

D E
F
QE
Effective Area (mm)
Spectral Curve Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Code Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateWavelength (nm)
length Material rial No. / Stages
Range
300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200
(nm)
(nm)

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

Metal Package Types


R9880U-110

230 to 700 442K

350

SBA

1 MC/10

E678-12-01 %1

1100

0.1 1000 !1

R9880U-210

230 to 700 443K

350

UBA

1 MC/10

E678-12-01 %1

1100

0.1 1000 !1

R7600U-100

18

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

2 MC/10

E678-32B %2

900

0.1

800 @4

R7600U-200

18

300 to 650 441K

350

UBA

2 MC/10

E678-32B %2

900

0.1

800 @4

R7600U-100-M4

18 (M4 ch)

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

3 MC/10

E678-32B %3

900

0.1

800 @4

R7600U-200-M4

18 (M4 ch)

300 to 650 441K

350

UBA

3 MC/10

E678-32B %3

900

0.1

800 @4

R5900U-100-L16

0.8 16 (L16 ch)

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

4 MC/10

E678-32B %4

900

0.1

800 !2

R5900U-200-L16

0.8 16 (L16 ch)

300 to 650 441K

350

UBA

4 MC/10

E678-32B %4

900

0.1

800 !2

R8900U-100

23.5

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

5 MC/10

E678-32B %5

900

0.1

800 @5

R8900U-100-M4

23.5 (M4 ch)

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

6 MC/10

E678-32B

900

0.1

800 @5

R8900-100-M16

23.5 (M16 ch)

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

7 MC/12

%6

1000

0.1

800 #5

8 MC/11

E678-32B %7

1000

0.1

800 @7

R8900U-100-C12

23.5

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

H8711-100

18.1 (M16 ch)

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

K P83@0 MC/12

-1000 0.017 -800 #6

H8711-200

18.1 (M16 ch)

300 to 650 441K

350

UBA

K P83@0 MC/12

-1000 0.017 -800 #6

H7546B-100

18.1 (M64 ch)

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

K P84@1 MC/12

-1000 0.023 -800 #7

H7546B-200

18.1 (M64 ch)

300 to 650 441K

350

UBA

K P84@1 MC/12

-1000 0.023 -800 #7

H7260-100

0.8 7 (L32 ch)

300 to 650 440K

350

SBA

K P84@2 MC/10

-900

0.1

-800 !2

H7260-200

0.8 7 (L32 ch)

300 to 650 441K

350

UBA

K P84@2 MC/10

-900

0.1

-800 !2

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


3 R7600U-100-M4, R7600U-200-M4

30.0 0.5

20.32

GUIDE MARK

SIDE VIEW
15- 0.45

DY7
3

DY2

10

DY10

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

K
IC (Dy10)
IC
Dy1
Dy2
Dy3
Dy4
IC (Dy10)
CUT (K)

BASING DIAGRAM

TPMHA0539ED

64

CUT (K)
Dy10
Dy9
Dy8
Dy7
Dy6
Dy5
CUT (IC)
CUT (K)

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

TPMHA0278EI

4 MAX.

22.0 0.5

0.6 0.4

0.8

Dy10
P14
P16
P15
IC
Dy4
Dy2
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
Dy1
Dy2
Dy3
Dy4
CUT (IC)
CUT (K)

K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

CUT (K)
Dy8
P12
P10
P8
P6
P4
Dy5
K

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
20
CORNER
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

K
Dy6
P13
P11
P9
P7
P5
Dy7
CUT (K)

BASING DIAGRAM

BASING DIAGRAM

K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

20.32

BOTTOM VIEW

CUT (IC)
P4
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
P1
CUT (IC)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC

DY9

DY8

11

DY6

12

DY4

K
DY1

CUT (K)
Dy10
Dy9
Dy8
Dy7
Dy6
Dy5
IC (Dy10)
CUT (K)

SIDE VIEW
30- 0.45

CUT (IC)
P3
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
P2
CUT (IC)

DY5
2

12.0 0.5

BOTTOM VIEW

IC
IC
IC
IC
P
IC
IC
DY3
1

INSULATION
COVER

20.32

BOTTOM VIEW
BOTTOM VIEW

GUIDE MARK

20.32

TOP VIEW
PHOTOCATHODE

22.0 0.5

4 MAX.
12.0 0.5

20.32

10.16

5.08

12- 0.45

INSULATION
COVER

16
P16

Dy1
Dy3
IC
P2
P1
P3
Dy9

29- 0.45

5.08

TOP VIEW

4.4 0.7

SIDE VIEW

10.16

P1

PHOTOCATHODE
22.0 0.5

12.0 0.5
2.54 PITCH

SIDE VIEW

P4

4.4 0.7

4 MAX.

0.5 0.2

INSULATION
COVER

4.6 0.8

12.4 0.4

PHOTOCATHODE

0.6 0.4

TOP VIEW

P2

0.6 0.4

PHOTOCATHODE

P3

16

P1

4.4 0.7

18 MIN.

16.0 0.3
WINDOW
9.4 0.3

25.7 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

15.8

18 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

EFFECTIVE
AREA
8.0

18 MIN.

20.32

18 MIN.

30.0 0.5

25.7 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

1.0 PITCH

25.7 0.5

INSULATION
COVER

4 R5900U-100-L16, R5900U-200-L16

30.0 0.5

2.54 PITCH

2 R7600U-100, R7600U-200

2.54 PITCH

1 R9880U-110, R9880U-200

K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)
TPMHA0297EI

TPMHA0298EG

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Blue
Luminous
Luminous
Sensitivity Quantum Radiant
Index Efficiency
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)
(%) (mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

80

105

13.5

35

110

80

210

2.2 105 2.0 106

10

0.57

2.7

R9880U-110

100

135

15.5

43

130

100

270

2.6 105 2.0 106

10

0.57

2.7

R9880U-210

106

20

1.6

9.6

R7600U-100

20

1.6

9.6

R7600U-200

90

105

13.5

35

110

40

105

1.1

110

135

15.5

43

130

50

135

1.3 105 1.0 106

140

90

35

13.5

105

110

25

105

1.4

105
105

1.0
1.3

106

0.5/ch 5/ch

1.2

9.5

R7600U-100-M4

1.3

106

110

135

15.5

43

130

25

175

1.7

0.5/ch 5/ch

1.2

9.5

R7600U-200-M4

90

105

13.5

35

110

90

315

3.3 105 3.0 106 0.2/ch 2/ch

0.6

7.4

R5900U-100-L16

0.6

7.4

R5900U-200-L16

1.8

12.4

R8900U-100

110

135

15.5

43

130

110

405

3.9

90

105

13.5

35

110

45

105

1.1 105 1.0 106

105

3.0

0.2/ch 2/ch
2

20

90

105

13.5

35

110

105

1.1

1/ch 5/ch

1.4

11.4

R8900U-100-M4

90

105

13.5

35

110

105

1.1 105 1.0 106 0.8/ch 8/ch

1.3

13

R8900-100-M16

2.2

105

1.0

106

90

105

13.5

35

110

20

70

6.5

11.9

R8900U-100-C12

90

105

13.5

35

110

50

210

2.2 105 2.0 106 0.8/ch 4/ch 0.83

12

H8711-100

110

135

15.5

43

130

50

270

2.6 105 2.0 106 0.8/ch 4/ch 0.83

12

H8711-200

90

105

13.5

35

110

30

3.3 104 3.0 105 0.2/ch 2/ch

1.0

12

H7546B-100

104

6.7

106

20

110

135

15.5

43

130

40

3.9

0.2/ch 2/ch

1.0

12

H7546B-200

90

105

13.5

35

110

90

210

2.2 105 2.0 106 0.2/ch 2/ch

0.6

6.8

H7260-100

110

135

15.5

43

130

110

270

2.6 105 2.0 106 0.2/ch 2/ch

0.6

6.8

H7260-200

104

3.0

105

105

Quantum efficiency is measured at the peak sensitivity wavelength (350 nm). Cathode radiant sensitivity is measured at the peak sensitivity wavelength (400 nm).

6 R8900U-100-M4
30.0 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

30.0 0.5

26.2 0.5

23.5

+0
26.2 - 0.5

23.5

P13

P1

23.5

23.5

P1

P4

P4

P16

P2

P3

TOP VIEW

TOP VIEW
PHOTOCATHODE

23.5

PY1
PY2
PY3
PY4
PY5
PY6
TOP VIEW

PHOTOCATHODE

G
CUT (Dy11)
K
Dy1
Dy2
Dy3
Dy4
IC (Dy10)
CUT (G)

CUT (G)
Dy10
Dy9
Dy8
Dy7
Dy6
Dy5
CUT (Dy10)
CUT (G)

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

BASING DIAGRAM

TPMHA0529EA

G
: Grid
K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

Dy12
Dy11
Dy10

P9
P10

P5
P6

P1
P2

Dy9
Dy8

CUT (IC) P16


CUT (IC)

0.6 0.4

20.32

K
Dy1
Dy2

P15 P11

P7

Dy7
P12

CUT (IC)

CUT (IC)

Dy6

P3

Dy3

Dy4
P4 CUT (IC)

P8

CUT (IC)

Dy5

CUT (IC)

CUT (G)
PY6
PY5
PY4
CUT (IC)
PY3
PY2
CUT (Dy11)
CUT (G)

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

G
CUT (Dy11)
Dy1
Dy3
Dy5
Dy7
Dy9
Dy11
CUT (G)

CUT (IC)

G
: Grid
K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Don't Use)
Precautions must be taken to avoid electrical shock during
use because the metal package is connected to the cathode.

TPMHA0530EA

29.0 0.5

4 MAX.

CUT (IC)

P13
P14

4.4 0.7

2.54 PITCH

0.8
CUT (IC) CUT (IC) G

CUT (IC) CUT (IC) CUT (IC)

BASING DIAGRAM

CUT (IC)
P3
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
P2
CUT (IC)

IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
BASING DIAGRAM

2.54 PITCH

20.32
BOTTOM VIEW

G
CUT (Dy10)
K
Dy1
Dy2
Dy3
Dy4
CUT (Dy10)
CUT (G)

CUT (IC)

G
: Grid
K
: Photocathode
Dy : Dynode
P
: Anode
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)

BOTTOM VIEW

82.54=20.32

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

20.32

PX6
PX5
PX4
PY1
PX3
PX2
PX1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

5.08

5.08

CUT (IC)
P4
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
CUT (IC)
P1
CUT (IC)

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
24
23
22
21
GUIDE
CORNER
20
19
18
17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10

10.16

30- 0.45

15.24

IC
IC
IC
IC
IC
P
IC

20.32

20.32

BOTTOM VIEW

SIDE VIEW
25- 0.45

SIDE VIEW
15.24

BOTTOM VIEW

27.2 0.5

25.5 0.5

EPOXY

12.0 0.5

7.0 0.5

1.2 MAX.

2.5 MAX.

12.5 MAX.

3.5 MAX.

CUT (Dy11)
Dy10
Dy8
Dy6
Dy4
Dy2
K

20.32

INSULATION
COVER

6 MAX.

16- 0.45

29.0 0.5

0.6 0.4
SIDE VIEW

4.4 0.7

12.0 0.5
2.54 PITCH

20.32

4 MAX.

0.6 0.4

29- 0.45

2.54 PITCH

SIDE VIEW

INSULATION
COVER

4.4 0.7

4 MAX.
12.0 0.5

29.0 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

INSULATION
COVER

CUT (G)
Dy10
Dy9
Dy8
Dy7
Dy6
Dy5
IC (Dy10)
CUT (G)

26.2 0.5

23.5

23.5

16 15 14 13

TOP VIEW
PHOTOCATHODE

PHOTOCATHODE

PHOTOCATHODE

23.5

23.5
PHOTOCATHODE

8 R8900U-100-C12

PX6
PX5
PX4
PX3
PX2
PX1

30.0 0.5
26.2 0.5

7 R8900-100-M16

23.5

5 R8900U-100

TPMHA0531EC

BASING DIAGRAM
G
K
Dy
P

: Grid
: Photocathode
: Dynode
: Anode (PX1-PX6)
(PY1-PY6)
CUT : Short Pin
IC : Internal Connection
(Do not Use)
TPMHA0524EC

65

Photomultiplier Tubes for High Magnetic Environments


Spectral Response
A
Type No.

Effective Area (mm)

Tube
Diameter

Wavelength (nm)

mm (inch) 100

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
C D E
F
Spectral Peak Photo- Win- Out- Dynode
Response Wave- cathode dow line Structure
MateRange length Material rial No. / Stages
(nm)

200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200

G
Socket
&
Socket
Assembly

(nm)

J
L
Anode Average Anode to
to
Anode Cathode
Cathode Current Supply
Voltage
Voltage
(V)
(V) (mA)

R5505-70

25 (1)

17.5

300 to 650 420

BA

1 FM / 15 E678-17A* %8 +2300 0.01 +2000 #9

R7761-70

38 (1-1/2)

27

300 to 650 420

BA

2 FM / 19

+2300 0.01 +2000 $0

R5924-70

51 (2)

39

300 to 650 420

BA

3 FM / 19

+2300

0.1 +2000 $0

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R5505-70

2 R7761-70

3 R5924-70

25.8 0.7

52 1

39 1
FACEPLATE

27 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE

17 PIN BASE

HA
TREATMENT

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS 0.7

DY15 P
DY13
9 10 DY14
DY11 7 8
11
12 DY12
DY9 6
13 DY10
DY7 5
14 DY8
DY5 4
15
3
DY6
DY3
16
2
DY4
1
17
DY1
DY2
K
SHORT PIN

50 2

HA
TREATMENT

13 MAX.

HA
TREATMENT

PHOTOCATHODE
50 2

40.0 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

39 MIN.

13 MAX.

FACEPLATE

17.5 MIN.

13 MAX.

FACEPLATE

SEMIFLEXIBLE
LEADS 0.7

27

DY17 DY19 P
DY18
DY15
10 11 12
13 DY16
9
DY13
8
14
DY11
15 DY14
7
DY9 6
16 DY12
17 DY10
DY7 5
4
18
DY5
DY8
19
3
DY3
2
20 DY6
1
21
DY4
DY1
K
DY2

31

P
DY19 11
DY17 10
9

DY15 8
DY13 7

TPMHA0236EA

TPMHA0469EB

DY18 DY16
DY14
14 15
16 DY12
17 DY10
18
DY8

DY11 5
DY9 4 3
2 1 26
DY7
DY5 DY3
DY1 K

19
20 DY6
21 DY4
22

DY2

TPMHA0490EA

66

K
Blue
Lumi- Sensitivity
LumiRadiant
nous
nous
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
(A/lm)
(mA/W) (A/lm)

Dark Current
(After 30 min.)

Gain
at 0 T
Typ.

at 0.5 T
Typ.

at 1.0 T
Typ.

Typ.
(nA)

Max.
(nA)

Time
Response
Rise Transit
Time
Time
Typ.
Typ.
(ns)
(ns)

80

9.5

76

40

5.0 105

2.3 105

1.8 104

30

1.5

5.6

80

9.5

76

800

1.0 107

3.0 106

1.5 105

15

100

2.1

7.5

700

1.0

4.1

2.5

30

200

2.5

9.5

9.0

70

72

107

Spectral Response

106

105

Notes

(For +HV operation)


Assembly type: H6152-70 Recommended
(For +HV operation)
Assembly type: H8409-70 Recommended
(For +HV operation)
Assembly type: H6614-70 Recommended

Type No.

R5505-70
R7761-70
R5924-70

Gain

TPMHB0684EA

108

100

at 0 T

TPMHB0258EC

107
1.5" R7761-70
2" R5924-70

10
106

GAIN

PHOTOCATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)


QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

1
PHOTOCATHODE
RADIANT
SENSITIVITY
0.1

300

400

500

600

1" R5505-70

104

QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY

0.01
200

105

103

700

800

102
500

WAVELENGTH (nm)

1000

1500

2000

2500

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

R5924-70 Relative Gain in Magnetic Fields


101

TPMHB0247EC

SUPPLY VOLTAGE: 2000 V

RELATIVE GAIN

100
30
10-1

10-2
0

MAGNETIC
FIELD
10-3

0.25

0.50

0.75

1.0

1.25

1.5

MAGNETIC FLUX DENSITY (T)

67

Position Sensitive Type Photomultiplier Tubes


Spectral Response
A
Effective Area (mm)
Type No.

Wavelength (nm)
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200

Max. Ratings H

Remarks
C

D
Spectral Peak Photo- WinResponse Wave- cathode dow
MateRange length Material rial
(nm)
(nm)

J
L
Out- Dynode Anode Average Anode to
to
Cathode
line Structure Cathode Anode Supply
No. / Stages Voltage Current Voltage
(V)
(mA)
(V)

Anode
Matrixes

R2486-02

50

300 to 650

420

BA

16(X) + 16(Y)

CM / 12

-1300

0.015

-1250 #4

R3292-02

100

300 to 650

420

BA

28(X) + 28(Y)

CM / 12

-1300

0.015

-1250 #4

Spectral Response
CATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)
QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

100

TPMHB0495EB

CATHODE
RADIANT
SENSITIVITY

10

QUANTUM
EFFICIENCY
1

0.1

0.01

200

400

600

800

WAVELENGTH (nm)

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)

Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5
Y6
Y7
Y8
Y9
Y10
Y11
Y12
Y13
Y14
Y15
Y16

1 R2486-02

76 1
X1
X2
X3
X4
X5
X6
X7
X8
X9
X10
X11
X12
X13
X14
X15
X16

-HV
: RG-174/U (RED)

EACH
RESISTOR: 1 k

55 2

1000 100

11.2 20 1

PHOTOCATHODE

86.2 3.0

50 MIN.

SIGNAL OUTPUT: 0.8D


COAXIAL CABLES (GRAY)

XA XB

YC

DY12
DY11
DY10
DY9
DY8
DY7
DY6
DY5
DY4
DY3
DY2

R2
R2
R2
R2
R2
R2

TPMHA0160EE

R1
R2
R2 C2
R2
R2

R1

R1 : 180 k 1/2 W
R2 : 360 k 1/2 W
C1 : 0.002 F/2 kV
C2 : 0.01 F/500 V
C3 : 0.01 F/500 V

R2
R2

DY1
G
K

68

YD
C3

C1
10 k RG-174/U (RED)

-HV
IN

TPMHC0086EE

Blue
Luminous
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(A/lm) (A/lm)

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics
K
Red /
Luminous
White Radiant
Ratio
(R-68)
Typ.
Typ.
Min.
Typ.
(mA/W) (A/lm) (A/lm)

Radiant

Gain

Typ.
(A/W)

Typ.

Time
Dark Current
(After 30 min.) Response
Rise Transit
Time Time
Typ. Max. Typ. Typ.
(nA) (nA) (ns) (ns)

Notes

Type No.

50

80

9.0

72

5.0

40

3.6 104 5.0 105

20

50

5.5

17

R2486-02

50

80

9.0

72

5.0

10

9.4 103 1.3 105

40

150

6.0

20

R3292-02

R3292-02 Position Signal Linearity


TPMHB0449EB

100

80

RELATIVE POSITION SIGNAL

RELATIVE POSITION SIGNAL

100

60

40

20

INCIDENT LIGHT
SPOT DIAMETER: 1 mm
WAVELENGTH: 400 nm

80

60

40

20

INCIDENT LIGHT
SPOT DIAMETER: 1 mm
WAVELENGTH: 400 nm

0
10 20 30 40 50 60

70 80 90 100 110 120

10 20 30 40 50 60

X-AXIS (mm)

70 80 90 100 110 120

Y-AXIS (mm)

Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5

132 3

Y24
Y25
Y26
Y27
Y28

2 R3292-02
100 MIN.

113 2

HA
TREATMENT

X24
X25
X26
X27
X28

133 3

PHOTOCATHODE

X1
X2
X3
X4
X5

-HV
: RG-174/U (RED)

20 1

SIGNAL OUTPUT: 0.8D


COAXIAL CABLES (GRAY)

1000 100

EACH
RESISTOR: 1 k

TPMHA0162EF

XA

XB

YC

YD
C3

DY12
DY11
DY10
DY9
DY8
DY7
DY6
DY5
DY4
DY3
DY2
DY1
K

R2

R1
R2

R2
R2
R2

C2

R2
R2

R1 : 180 k
R2 : 360 k
C1 : 0.002 F/2 kV
C2 : 0.01 F/500 V
C3 : 0.01 F/500 V

R2
R2
R2
R2
R2
R1

C1

-HV
IN
10 k
RG-174/U (RED)
TPMHC0088EE

69

Microchannel Plate-Photomultiplier Tubes (MCP-PMTs)


Remarks
Max. Ratings H
C D E
Anode Current
-HV
Signal Anode
Spectral
Peak Photo- Win- Out- No. of
Curve
to
Input
Output Cathode Contin- Pulsed
Response
Wave- cathode dow line MCP
MateCode
Range
length Material rial No. Stage Terminals Terminals Voltage uous Peak

Spectral Response
A

Effective Area (mm)


Type No.

Wavelength (nm)
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100 1200

(nm)

(nm)

(V)

(nA)

(mA)

Standard Types
11

R3809U-50

11

R3809U-51
11

R3809U-52
R3809U-53

11

R3809U-61

10

R3809U-63

430

MA

Q 1

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

160 to 910 501S

600

EMA

Q 1

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

160 to 650 403K

400

BA

Q 1

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

160 to 320 200S 230-250 Cs-Te

Q 1

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

370 to 920 602K 700-850

K 1

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

GaAs

Red
K
280 to 820 601K 550-650 Extended
GaAsP

10

R3809U-64

160 to 850 500S

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

K 1

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

MA

Q 2

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

600

EMA

Q 2

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

400

BA

Q 2

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

Q 2

SHV-R SMA-R

-3400

100

350

10

280 to 720 600K 550-650 GaAsP

10

160 to 850 500S

430

160 to 910 501S


160 to 650 403K

Gated Types
R5916U-50

10

R5916U-51
10

R5916U-52
R5916U-53

10

160 to 320 200S 230-250 Cs-Te

The R5916 series can be gated by input of a +10 V to +50 V gate signal. Standard types are normally OFF, but normally ON types are also available.
Gate operation is 5 ns, though this depends on the gate signal input pulse.
Consult us regarding the R5916U series with a GaAs or GaAsP photocathode.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R3809U Series
MCP

-HV INPUT
SHV-R CONNECTOR

3.0 0.2

3.2 0.1

7.0 0.2
PHOTOCATHODE

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
SMA-R

13.7 0.1

52.5 0.1

ANODE

CATHODE

70.2 0.3

45.0 0.1

EFFECTIVE
WINDOW
PHOTOCATHODE
FACEPLATE
DIAMETER:
11 MIN. (-50, -51, -52, -53)
10 MIN. (-61, -63, -64)

12 M

24 M

6 M

1000 pF

1000 pF

900 pF

ANODE OUTPUT
SMA-R CONNECTOR

-HV
SHV-R
* Actual resistor values may slightly differ from the above.
TPMHC0089EC

TPMHA0352EB

2 R5916U Series

EFFECTIVE
PHOTOCATHODE
DIAMETER
10 MIN.

GATE

71.5 0.3
WINDOW
FACE PLATE

MCP

CATHODE

53.8 0.3

-HV INPUT
SHV-R CONNECTOR

3.0 0.2

ANODE

450 pF

19
17.5

10 MIN.

55.0 0.3

100 k

330 pF

ANODE
OUTPUT
SMA-R

33 k
330 pF

12 M
1000 pF

24 M
1000 pF

6 M
330 pF

330 pF
50
GND

4.6 0.1

7.9
PHOTOCATHODE

ANODE OUTPUT
SMA-R CONNECTOR
GATE PULSE INPUT
SMA-R CONNECTOR

GND

10 k

-HV
SHV-R

GATE SIGNAL INPUT


SMA-R
* Actual resistor values may slightly differ from the above.

TPMHA0348EC

70

TPMHC0090ED

K
Radiant Luminous

Luminous

(at 25 C)
A

Anode Characteristics M

Cathode Characteristics

Dark
Current
(After 30 min.)

Time
Response
Transit Transit Time
Time Spread
Typ.
Typ.
(ns)
(ns)

Anode to
Cathode
Supply
Voltage
(V)

Min.
(A/lm)

Typ.
(A/lm)

Typ.
(mA/W)

Typ.
(A/lm)

Typ.

Max.
(nA)

Rise
Time
Typ.
(ns)

-3000

100

150

70

30

2.0 105

10

0.15

0.55

0.025

R3809U-50

-3000

240

350

40

70

2.0 105

10

0.15

0.55

0.025

R3809U-51

105

Gain

Type No.

-3000

20

50

65

10

2.0

0.5

0.15

0.55

0.025

R3809U-52

-3000

30

2.0 105

0.1

0.15

0.55

0.025

R3809U-53

140

2.0

105

25

0.2

0.55

0.15

R3809U-61

105

-3000

400

77

700

-3000

450

750

160

150

2.0

15

0.18

0.55

0.06

R3809U-63

-3000

400

700

180

140

2.0 105

15

0.18

0.55

0.06

R3809U-64

-3000

100

150

52

30

2.0 105

10

0.18

1.0

0.09

R5916U-50

105

-3000

200

300

36

60

2.0

10

0.18

1.0

0.09

R5916U-51

-3000

20

45

48

2.0 105

0.5

0.18

1.0

0.09

R5916U-52

2.0

0.1

0.18

1.0

0.09

R5916U-53

-3000

30

Spectral Response
103

105

Gain

TPMHB0177ED

107

TPMHB0179EA

QE = 40 %

-53

QE = 25 %

102

QE = 10 %

101

QE = 1 %

106

-51
-50
-52
100

QE =
0.1 %

-61

105

GAIN

PHOTOCATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)

Notes

104

-64

-63

10-1

103

10-2
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1100

WAVELENGTH (nm)

102
-2.0

-2.2

-2.4

-2.6

-2.8

-3.0

-3.2

-3.4

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (kV)

71

Gain Characteristics
For tubes not listed here, please consult our sales office.
Side-on Types
TPMSB0079EC

108

R6355
R6357

R1

106

47

R6
36
-1
0

R3

105

104

103

103

102
500

700

1000

1500

2000

R9

104

72

R1

61

GAIN

GAIN

63

R6350
106

105

R5610A, R5611A-01

78

107

R1
8

107

TPMHB0198EH

R9
28

108

Head-on Types (10 mm and 19 mm Dia.)

102
500

3000

700

1000

2000

3000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

Head-on Types (13 mm and 25 mm Dia.)


108

1500

Head-on Types (28 mm Dia.)

TPMHB0682EB

108

TPMHB0199EE

R2228, R5929

R1924A
R3550A

107

72

06

-0

107

R6
42
7

R3998-02

,R

R7899-01
106

R6834,
R6836, R374

9
24
R6

105

R6

R4124

8,

105

24

GAIN

GAIN

R7

20

5-

01

106

104

104
R5070A

103

102
500

103

700

1000

1500

2000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)


72

3000

102
500

700

1000

1500

2000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

3000

Head-on Types (38 mm Dia.)


108

Head-on Types (51 mm Dia.)

TPMHB0200EF

108

TPMHB0201EE

R1828-01

R3886A

107

107

R943-02

GAIN

08

R2
R

R9722A

104

103

R11102

102
500

700

1000

1500

2000

R3

103

29

-0

104

105

97
79

R9420

105

R4
64

106

106

GAIN

R6
23
1

R580

102
500

3000

700

1000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

2000

3000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

Head-on Types (76 mm Dia.)

Head-on Types (127 mm Dia.) and Special Types

TPMHB0202ED

109

TPMHB0203EE

R6

GAIN

106

105

104

103

102
500

700

1000

1500

2000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

3000

103
500

R8

77

R1

R4

104

54

14

R1

105

R6234
R6235
R6236
R6237

107

91

3
23

51

106

108

R1307

R5

107

GAIN

R1

09

25

108

1500

700

1000

1500

2000

3000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)


73

Voltage Distribution Ratio


The characteristic values tabulated in the catalog for the individual tube types are measured with the voltage-divider networks having
the voltage distribution ratio shown below.
Distribution
Ratio Codes

Number of
Stage
8

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

Dy6

Acc

Dy7

Dy8

1.3

4.8

1.2

1.8

0.5

2.5

1.3

4.8

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

4
9

Dy1

1.5

Dy2

Dy3

1
Dy4

1
Dy5

1
Dy6

Dy7

1
Dy8

1
Dy9

!0

1.5

10

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

Dy6

Dy7

Dy8

Dy9 Dy10

!1

0.5

!2

!3

!4

1.5

!5

!6

1.5

0.75

!7

!8

1.5

!9

1.5

@0

1.5

@1

@2

1.3

4.8

1.2

1.8

1.5

2.5

@3

1.5

1.5

1.5

0.5

@4

1.5

1.5

1.5

0.5

1.5

0.5

@5
11

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

1
Dy4

1
Dy5

1
Dy6

1
Dy7

1
Dy8

F: Focus

Dy9 Dy10 Dy11

@6

@7

0.5

1.5

0.5

@8

2
12

Dy1

1
Dy2

Dy3

1
Dy4

1
Dy5

1
Dy6

1
Dy7

1
Dy8

Dy9 Dy10 Dy11 Dy12

@9

1.2

2.8

1.2

1.8

1.5

1.5

#0

1.4

#1

2.5

1.5

#2

1.2

1.8

1.5

1.5

2.5

#3

1.2

1.8

#4

#5

0.6

1.8

2.4

#6

#7

14

15

19

#8

$0

G1
2.5

#9

G2
7.5

Dy1
Dy1
2

Dy2
Dy2
1

Dy2

1.2
Dy3

Dy1

Dy3

1.8

Dy4

Dy4
1

Dy5

Dy5
1

Dy6

Dy6
1

Dy7

Dy7
1

Dy8

Dy8
1

2.5
1 (Note 1)

Dy9 Dy10 Dy11 Dy12 Dy13 Dy14


1

1.5

1.5

Dy17 Dy18 Dy19


1

2.5

Dy9 Dy10 Dy11 Dy12 Dy13 Dy14 Dy15

1
Dy3

Note 1: The shield pin should be connected to Dy5.

74

Voltage Distribution Ratio


Dy: Dynode P: Anode G: Grid

K: Photocathode

Lens for Side-on Type Photomultiplier Tubes


The optimized cylindrical lens which can be attached at the entrance window of 1-1/8 inch side-on photomultiplier tube. This lens
helps the incident light reaches the photocathode efficiently.
With these lenses, the effective area widens by the factor of three in case of 1-1/8" PMT (13 mm width) or the factor of two in case
of 1/2" PMT (7.5 mm width). The lens transmits above 300 nm light only.

Transmittance of Lens
100

LENS

TPMSB0214EA

90

TRANSMITTANCE (%)

LUMINOUS
FLUX
LENS
LENS

80

1/2 inch

1-1/8 inch

70
60
50
40
30
20
10

1/2 inch
1-1/8 inch
Photomultiplier Tube Photomultiplier Tube
TPMSC0042EA

0
200

300

400

500

TPMSC0038EA

600

700

800

900

WAVELENGTH (nm)

Lens Effect

Lens Effect (at anode sensitivity)


WITH LENS
WITHOUT LENS

300

TPMSB0215EA

100
100

50

3.75

50

100

0
6.5

6.5

50

100

0
Y-AXIS (mm)

0
Y-AXIS (mm)

LENS

0
X-AXIS (mm)

12

0
X-AXIS (mm)

6.5

0
3.75

LENS

RELATIVE OUTPUT (%)

250
50

200
PARALLEL LIGHT
WITH LENS
150

DIFFUSED LIGHT
WITH LENS

100
WITHOUT LENS
50
R6356 (1/2 inch dia.)
R928 (1-1/8 inch dia.)

6.5

12

0
300

MEASUREMENT CONDITIONS
WAVELENGTH: 400 nm
SUPPLY VOLTAGE: -1000 V
A 1 mm diameter spot light (parallel light) is scanned
at the center of the photocathode in X and Y directions.

400

500

600

700

800

900

WAVELENGTH (nm)

TPMSC0041EA

TPMSC0037EB

Parallel light:
Uniform and sufficiently large area,
than the sensitive area size, of the
parallel incident light (40 mm dia.) shall
be given to the photomultiplier tube.

Diffused light:
Parallel light (40 mm dia.) is given
to the photomultiplier tube through
the diffuser, which locates 100 mm
from the tube.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)

50 MAX.

40 2

10 DY9

DY2 3

11
2

19.6 1.0

80 MAX.

DY8

94 MAX.

32

DY3 4

DY1

DY7
8

28.5 1.5

49.0 2.5

DY4 5

28.5 1.5

24 MIN.

24.0 1.5

17 1

13 MIN.

18 1

DY6

DY5

EFFECTIVE AREA
7.5 13

30.0 0.8

7.5 1

31.0 0.8

10.5 1

EFFECTIVE
AREA
13 24 mm

13

DY6

DY5

DY4 5

K
DIRECTION OF LIGHT

DY3 4
13.5 0.8

32.2 0.5
11 PIN BASE
JEDEC No. B11-88
TPMSA0041EA

DY8

10 DY9

DY2 3

11
2

DY1

DY7
8

K
DIRECTION OF LIGHT
TPMSA0036EB

75

Photomultiplier Tube Socket


Dimensional Outline (Unit: mm)
E678-11U

E678-11A

E678-11N

24
49

18

38

5.5

3.5

33

45

4.3

2- 2.2

10.5
9.5

13

11
3

18

9.5

0.5

10.5

29

11

TACCA0181EC

E678-12A, E678-12R*

TACCA0064EA

E678-13F

TACCA0043EB

E678-13E

47
40

12.4

17

11

24

5.5

18

2- 2.2
13

3.4

15

10

34

10.5

2- 3.2

11

* Gold Plating type


TACCA0009EB

E678-12L

E678-14C
44

35
28.6

2- 3.2

1.9

30

2-R4

6.7

360
13

24

360
13

18.5

2.9

13

35

19.1

2- 3.5

11.6

35
28.5
13

TACCA0013EB

9
(23.6)

E678-12T

TACCA0005EA

2- 3.5

18

(8)

2.5

9.5
3.3 3.7

10.5

7.5
6.5

26

25

13
18

TACCA0275EA

76

TACCA0047EA

TACCA0004EA

E678-14W

E678-20B

E678-21C

19.8

57.8

51

52.5

19

56.8

20

28
R5

62
5
13

13

6.5

34

30

17 11

6.0

56

* Pins are housed in the socket.

TACCA0200EA

E678-19J

TACCA0309EA

TACCA0066EC

E678-17A

E678-15C
60

60

18.0
45

40

45

40

24.0

50

50

21.9

16.3

0.1
11.5

12

12.0
5

12

40

14.0

22.8

6.5

40

TACCA0203EA

TACCA0046EC

E678-32B

2.54

2.54

R
1.
5

E678-12-01

TACCA0201EA

22.86
4.45

12.7

22.86

20.32

45

10.16

2.92

2.54

20.32

0.51

+0.5

16

0.5

17.5 - 0

1.57

1.5

4 3

12.7
MATERIAL: Glass Epoxy
+0

15.5 - 0.2
+0
16.5 - 0.2

TACCA0304EA

TACCA0094ED

77

Photomultiplier Tube Assemblies


Photomultiplier Tube Assemblies
Photomultiplier tube assemblies are made up of a photomultiplier tube, a voltagedivider circuit and other components, all integrated into a single case.

TACCF0133

Max. Rating

Type No.

Assembly PMT
Dia.
Dia.
mm
(mm) (inch)

H3164-10

10.5

H3695-10

11.3

H3165-10

14.3

H6520

23.5

H6524

23.5

H6612

23.5

H6152-70

31.0

H6533

31.0

H7415

33.0

H3178-51

47.0

H8409-70

45.0

H1949-51

60.0

H6410

60.0

H7195

60.0

H2431-50

60.0

H6614-70

60.0

H6559

83.0

H6527

142.0

H6528

142.0

H9530-20

35 16

10
(3/8)
10
(3/8)
13
(1/2)
19
(3/4)
19
(3/4)
19
(3/4)
25
(1)
25
(1)
28
(1-1/8)
38
(1-1/2)
38
(1-1/2)
51
(2)
51
(2)
51
(2)
51
(2)
51
(2)
76
(3)
127
(5)
127
(5)

Built-in
PMT

Curve
Code

Wavelength
(nm)

F Anode to
Cathode
Out- Dynode
line Structure Voltage
No. / Stages
Max.
(V)

Divider
Current
Max.
(mA)

Cathode Sensitivity
Anode to
Cathode
Supply
Voltage

Luminous

(V)

Typ.
(A/lm)

Blue
Sensitivity
Index
(CS 5-58)
Typ.

R1635

400K

300 to 650

L/8

-1500

0.41

-1250

100

10.0

R2496

400S

160 to 650

L/8

-1500

0.37

-1250

100

10.0

R647-01

400K

300 to 650

L/10

-1250

0.34

-1000

110

10.0

R1166

400K

300 to 650

L/10

-1250

0.33

-1000

110

10.5

R1450

400K

300 to 650

L/10

-1800

0.43

-1500

115

11.0

R3478

400K

300 to 650

L/8

-1800

0.35

-1700

115

11.0

300 to 650

FM/15

+2300

0.41

+2000

80

9.5

R4998

400K

300 to 650

L/10

-2500

0.36

-2250

70

9.0

R6427

400K

300 to 650

L/10

-2000

0.41

-1500

95

11.0

R580

400K

300 to 650

!0

L/10

-1750

0.63

-1500

95

11.0

R7761-70

300 to 650

!1

FM/19

+2300

0.33

+2000

80

9.5

R1828-01

400K

300 to 650

!2

L/12

-3000

0.70

-2500

90

10.5

R329-02

400K

300 to 650

!3

L/12

-2700

0.67

-2000

90

10.5

R329-02

400K

300 to 650

!4

L/12

-2700

1.23

-2000

90

10.5

R2083

400K

300 to 650

!5

L/8

-3500

0.61

-3000

80

10.0

300 to 650

!6

FM/19

+2300

0.33

+2000

70

9.0

R6091

400K

300 to 650

!7

L/12

-2500

0.62

-2000

90

10.5

R1250

400K

300 to 650

!8

L/14

-3000

1.02

-2000

70

9.0

R1584

400U

185 to 650

!8

L/14

-3000

1.02

-2000

70

9.0

R5505-70

R5924-70

300 to 920

!9

MC/12

-1200

0.42

-1000

500

H8711

30

R7600-00-M16

300 to 650

@0

MC/12

-1000

0.35

-800

80

9.5

H8711-20

30

R7600-20-M16

300 to 920

@0

MC/12

-1000

0.35

-800

500

H7546B

30

R7600-00-M64

300 to 650

@1

MC/12

-1000

0.45

-800

80

9.5

H7546B-20

30

R7600-20-M64

300 to 920

@1

MC/12

-1000

0.45

-800

500

R7259-20

300 to 920

@2

MC/10

-900

0.37

-800

500

H7260-20

52 24

H8500C

52

R10551-00-M64

300 to 650

@3

MC/12

-1100

0.173

-1000

60

9.5

H9500

52

R8400-00-M256

300 to 650

@4

MC/12

-1100

0.18

-1000

60

9.5

H10966A

52

R10552-00-M64

300 to 650

@5

MC/8

-1100

0.245

-1000

60

9.5

H10515B-20

30

R5900U-20-L16

300 to 920

@6

MC/10

-900

0.37

-800

500

CAUTION: Photomultiplier tube assemblies listed in this catalog are not designed for use in a vacuum, please consult our sales office.
When using them in a vacuum or under low pressure conditions, please consult us.

78

Anode Characteristics
Dark Current

Pulse
Linearity

Time Response

Luminous

Gain

Typ.
(A/lm)

Typ.

Typ.
(nA)

Max.
(nA)

100

1.0 106

50

0.8

9.0

100

1.0 106

50

0.7

150

1.4 106

110

1.0 106

200

1.7 106

200

Rise Time Transit Time Transit Time Spread


Typ.
Typ.
Typ.
(ns)
(ns)
(ns)

Type No.

2%
Typ.
(mA)

5%
Typ.
(mA)

0.5

H3164-11 (with 50 )

H3164-10

9.0

0.5

H3695-11 (with 50 )

H3695-10

2.1

22

2.0

H3165-11 (with 50 )

H3165-10

2.5

27

2.8

H6520-01 (with 50 )

H6520

50

1.8

19

0.76

H6524-01 (with 50 )

H6524

1.7 106

10

300

1.3

14

0.36

H6612-01 (with 50 )

H6612

40

5.0

105

30

1.5

5.6

0.35

180

250

400

5.7

106

100

800

0.7

10

0.16

40

70

H6610 (R5320)

H6533

475

5.0

106

10

200

1.7

16

0.5

10

30

H7415-01 (with 50 )
H7416 (R7056)

H7415

75

7.9

105

15

2.7

40

4.5

150

200

H3178-51

800

1.0 107

15

100

2.1

7.5

0.35

350

500

H8409-70

1800

1.0 107

50

400

1.3

28

0.55

100

200

H3177-51 (R2059)

270

3.0 106

10

100

2.7

40

1.1

100

200

H6521 (R2256) H6522 (R5113) H6410

270

3.0 106

10

100

2.7

40

1.1

80

110

H7195

200

2.5 106

100

800

0.7

16

0.37

100

150

700

1.0

107

30

200

2.5

9.5

0.44

500

700

H6614-70

900

1.0

107

30

120

2.7

40

1.5

80

110

H6559

1000

1.4

107

50

300

2.5

54

1.2

100

150

H6527

1000

1.4

107

50

300

2.5

54

1.2

100

150

H6528

1500

3.0 106

1/ch

10/ch

0.7

6.0

0.25

0.9/ch

1/ch

8 Linearanode

16 Multianode
H8711-10 (Taper Divider Type) H8711

Notes

H6152-70

H3378-50 (R3377)

H1949-51

H2431-50

H9530-20

280

3.5 106

0.8/ch

4/ch

0.83

12

0.33

0.5/ch

1/ch

250

5.0 105

0.8/ch

4/ch

0.83

12

0.33

0.5/ch

1/ch

24

3.0 105

0.2/ch

2/ch

1.0

12

0.38

0.3/ch

0.6/ch

64 Multianode

25

5.0 104

500

H7546B-20
32 Linearanode
H7260A-20 (-HV Cable Input Type) H7260-20
H8500C-03 (UV Grass Type)
H8500C
H8500D (HV Pin Input Type)

0.2/ch

2/ch

1.0

12

0.38

0.3/ch

0.6/ch

1.0

106

1/ch

10/ch

0.6

6.8

0.18

0.6/ch

0.8/ch

90

1.5

106

0.1/ch

0.8

6.0

0.4

1/ch

2/ch

90

1.5

106

0.05/ch

0.8

6.0

0.4

0.2/ch

0.5/ch

20

3.3

105

0.1/ch

0.4

4.0

1.2/ch

500

1.0 106

1/ch

10/ch

0.6

7.4

0.18

0.8/ch

H8711-20
H7546B

H9500-03 (UV Grass Type)

H9500

3/ch

H10966B (HV Pin Input Type)

H10966A

1/ch

16 Linearanode

H10515B-20

79

Photomultiplier Tube Assemblies Dimensional Outlines and Diagrams (Unit: mm)


q H3164-10

w H3695-10

10.5 0.6

11.3 0.7

8 MIN.

8 MIN.
SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

C2

R9

C1

*MAGNETIC SHIELD

DY6
R8
DY5
R7
DY4
R6
DY3
R5

DY5
R6
DY4
R5
DY3
R4
DY2
R3
R2

POTTING
COMPOUND

R2
R1

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

R1 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 0.01 F

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

C1

DY1

DY1
K

C2

R8
R7

R4

10.6 0.2

C3

R9
DY6

DY2

POTTING
COMPOUND

R10
DY7

MAGNETIC
SHIELD (t=0.2 mm)
WITH HEAT
SHRINKABLE TUBE

R3

R1

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

10.6 0.2
R1 to R4 : 510 k
R5 to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 0.01 F

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED TO -HV INSIDE


OF THIS PRODUCT.
** HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

P
DY8

PMT: R2496
WITH HA TREATMENT

95.0 2.5

DY7

MAGNETIC
SHIELD (t=0.2 mm)
WITH HEAT
SHRINKABLE TUBE

1500

R10

DY8

1500

95.0 2.5

PMT: R1635
WITH HA TREATMENT

C3

*MAGNETIC SHIELD

P
R11

PHOTOCATHODE

45.0 1.5

45.0 1.5

PHOTOCATHODE

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED TO -HV INSIDE


OF THIS PRODUCT.
** HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

TPMHA0309EC

e H3165-10

TPMHA0310EC

r H6520

14.3 0.6

23.5 0.5

10 MIN.

19.3 0.7

1 MAX.

15 MIN.

PHOTOCATHODE
SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)
71 2

PMT: R647-01
WITH HA TREATMENT

R11

C3

R10

C2

R9

C1

PMT: R1166
WITH HA TREATMENT

DY9
DY8
R8
DY7
R7
DY6
R6

C3

R10

C2

R9

C1

DY8
DY7
R7
DY6

DY5

R6

R5

DY5

R4

DY4

R3

DY3

DY4

R5
R4

DY3

R3
DY2

R2
DY1
K

R2

R1

DY1
K

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

1500

R1 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 0.01 F

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

R1 : 510 k
R2 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 0.01 F

*
TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED TO GND


INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.
** HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED TO -HV INSIDE


OF THIS PRODUCT.
** HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

R1

POTTING
COMPOUND

12.4 0.5
1500

R11
DY9
R8

DY2
POTTING
COMPOUND

DY10
MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.5 mm)

130.0 0.8

*MAGNETIC SHIELD

116.0 3.0

88 2

DY10
MAGNETIC
SHIELD (t=0.2 mm)
WITH HEAT
SHRINKABLE TUBE

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

PHOTOCATHODE

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

TPMHA0311EC

y H6612
23.5 0.5

23.5 0.5

19.3 0.7

19.3 0.7

15 MIN.

15 MIN.

1 MAX.

1 MAX.

t H6524

TPMHA0312EB

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

PHOTOCATHODE

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)
PHOTOCATHODE
P

R11

88 2

C3

PMT: R3478
WITH HA TREATMENT

R10
MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.5 mm)

C2

DY9
R9

R11

C3

R10

C2

R9

C1

DY8
DY7

DY10
C1

130.0 0.8

130.0 0.8

65 2

PMT: R1450
WITH HA TREATMENT

DY8
R8
DY7
R7
DY6

MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.5 mm)

DY6
R8
DY5
R7
DY4
R6
DY3
R5

R6
DY2

DY5

R4

R5
DY1

DY4

R3

R4
DY3

R2

R3
DY2
K

R2
R1

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

1500

POTTING
COMPOUND

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

80

R1
R3
R2, R4 to R11
C1 to C3

: 680 k
: 510 k
: 330 k
: 0.01 F

POTTING
COMPOUND

*
TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

1500

DY1
K

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED TO GND


INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.
** HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

TPMHA0313EA

R1

R1
R2
R3
R4, R6 to R11
R5
C1 to C3

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)
: 1 M
: 750 k
: 560 k
: 330 k
: 510 k
: 0.01 F

*
TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED TO GND


INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.
** HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

TPMHA0315EB

u H6152-70

i H6533

31.0 0.5

31.0 0.5

25.8 0.7

26 1

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: RG-174/U
(BLACK)

C6

R22

PHOTOCATHODE
P
PMT: R5505-70
WITH HA TREATMENT

C7

R21 R17

R24

C5

DY15
R20 R16

C4

R19 R15

C3

C4

+HV
: SHIELD
CABLE
(RED)

DY14
C2

R13

C1

DY12
100.0 0.8

R17
PHOTOCATHODE

DY11

R16
DY9
R14

C2
R20 R13
DY8
R12
R11
DY6

R12

R10
DY5

R1 to R17
R18, R23
R19 to R21
R22
R24
C1 to C5
C6, C7

R10
DY8
R9
DY7
R8
DY6
R7
DY5

DY4

: 330 k
: 1 M
: 51
: 100 k
: 10 k
: 0.01 F
: 0.0047 F

R8
DY3
R7
R6
DY2
R5
DY1

POTTING
COMPOUND

R6

R4

DY4

R3

DY3

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

R4
DY2

1500

1500 +50
-0

R5
+HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

R1, R3, R19 : 430 k


R2, R7 to R12, R15 to R17 : 330 k
R4 : 820 k
R5, R18 : 390 k
R6, R14 : 270 k
R13 : 220 k
R20 to R22 : 51
C1 to C3 : 0.022 F
C4 : 0.033 F

R9

R11
DY9

POTTING COMPOUND
(SILICONE & EPOXY)

C1

DY7

MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.8 mm)

DY10
POM CASE

C3

R21 R15

PMT: R4998 (H6533)


R5320 (H6610)
WITH HA TREATMENT

120.0 0.8

DY13
R14

R19
R22 R18
DY10

1 MAX.

1 MAX.

R23

71 1

17.5 MIN.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

20 MIN.

R3
DY1

ACC
F
K

R2
R1

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

R2
5 10

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

R18

* TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

R1

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED TO GND


INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.
** HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

* HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE


CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.
TPMHA0470EA

o H7415

TPMHA0317EB

!0 H3178-51
47.0 0.5

33.0 0.5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

25 MIN.
P

** TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

39 1
1 MAX.

29.0 0.7

34 MIN.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: BNC-R
P

R13

C3

R15 R12

C2

R14 R11

C1

R10

R1,R2 : 430 k
R3 : 470 k
R5 : 510 k
R4,R6 to R13 : 330 k
R14 to R16 : 51
C1 to C3 : 0.01 F

DY7

130.0 0.8

DY10
R11

PMT: R580 (H3178-51)


R580-17* (H3178-61)
WITH HA TREATMENT

DY8
R9
DY6
R8

MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.5 mm)

R14 R12

PHOTOCATHODE

DY9

PMT: R6427 (H7415)


R7056 (H7416)
WITH HA TREATMENT

85 2

R16 R13
DY10

DY5
R7

162.0 0.8

1 MAX.

C4
PHOTOCATHODE

C3
C2

R8

C1

DY7
R7
DY6
R6
DY5

R6

R5

DY3

DY4
R5

R4

DY2

DY3
R4
DY2
R3

POTTING
COMPOUND

C5

R2
K

R2
R1

DY1
R15

R1

-HV
: SHV-R

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)
*
TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED TO GND


INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.
** HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

-HV

SIG

-HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

** MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED


TO GND INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

-HV
: SHV-R

* R580-17 has a plano-concave


face plate.

TPMHA0318EB

!1 H8409-70
27 MIN.
PHOTOCATHODE

C7

PMT: R7761-70
WITH HA TREATMENT

C6

R27
R25 R21

C5

DY19
R24 R20

C4

R23 R19

C3

R18

C2

R17

C1

* TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

53.0 1.5
1 MAX.

1 MAX.

R28

P
50 2

60.0 0.5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

39 1

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: BNC-R

46 MIN.

R26

+HV
: SHIELD CABLE
(RED)

PHOTOCATHODE

DY16

POTTING COMPOUND
(SILICONE & EPOXY)

DY15
R16
DY14
R15

1500

DY13
R14
DY12
R13
DY11

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

R12

C5

C8

R18 R13

C4

C7

R12

C3

R11

C2

R10

C1

R19 R14

C10

DY11

R1 to R21
R22, R28
R23 to R25
R26
R27
C1 to C5
C6, C7

: 330 k
: 1 M
: 51
: 10 k
: 100 k
: 0.01 F
: 0.0047 F

PMT: R1828-01 (H1949-51)


R2059 (H3177-51)
R4004 (H4022-51)
WITH HA TREATMENT

DY10
R1, R4
R2, R5
R3, R6 to R11, R17
R12 to R16
R18 to R20
R21
C1 to C7
C8
C9
C10
C11

DY9
DY8
DY7
R9

MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.8 mm)

DY6
R8
DY5
R7
DY4

DY10

R6

R11

DY3

R10

DY2

R9

DY1

DY9
5 10

C9

R15

DY18

POM CASE

C6
DY12

DY17

+HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

R17
R20 R16

235.0 0.5

80.0 0.8

TPMHA0320EB

!2 H1949-51

45.0 0.5

+50
-0

: 300 k
: 150 k
: 180 k
: 220 k
: 330 k
: 240 k
: 51
: 10 k
: 0.01 F
: 0.022 F
: 0.047 F
: 0.1 F
: 4700 pF

R3

DY1

1500

R9
DY8
MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.8 mm)

DY4

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

R1, R10, R12


R2 to R6, R13
R7
R8
R9
R11
R14
R15
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5

R10
DY9

: 240 k
: 360 k
: 200 k
: 300 k
: 51
: 10 k
: 0.01 F
: 0.022 F
: 0.033 F
: 0.01 F
: 470 pF

R5
R4

DY8

R3

DY7
R8

Acc
G1
K

DY6
R7
DY5

R2
R1

C11
R21

R6

-HV
: SHV-R

DY4
R5

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED


TO GND INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.

DY3
R4
DY2
R3
DY1
R22

A1

R1
TPMHA0476EA

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

-HV

R2
* HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE
CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

-HV
: SHV-R

TPMHA0326EC

81

Photomultiplier Tube Assemblies Dimensional Outlines and Diagrams (Unit: mm)


!4 H7195

!3 H6410
60.0 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

DY11

PMT: R329-02 (H6410)


R5113 (H6522)
R2256 (H6521)
WITH HA TREATMENT

DY10
DY9
DY8
DY7
DY6
DY5

R18
R21 R17
R16
R20 R15
R14
R19 R13
R12
R11
R10
R9
R8

SH

R25

C4

P
C7
DY12

C3

PHOTOCATHODE

C2
C1

PMT: R329-02
WITH HA TREATMENT
DY11
MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.8 mm)

DY10
DY9
DY8
DY7
DY6
DY5
DY4
DY3
DY2
DY1
G

R7

MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.8 mm)

DY4
DY3
DY2
DY1

R6
R5
R4
R3
R2
R1

G
K

SIG

-HV

C6
R22

: 240 k
: 220 k
: 180 k
: 150 k
: 300 k
: 360 k
: 51
: 100
: 10 k
: 0.022 F
: 0.047 F
: 0.1 F
: 0.22 F
: 0.47 F
: 470 pF

R21
R24 R20
R19
R18
R23 R17
R16
R22 R15
R14
R13
R12
R11
R10
R9
R8
R7
R6
R5
R4
R3
R2

C6
C5
C4
C3
C2

R1

-HV
: SHV-R

C1
R1, R25
R2 to R4, R17 to R19
R5, R6, R8 to R13, R15
R16, R20, R21
R7, R14
R22
R23, R24
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6
C7

DYNODE 12
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

A2

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED


TO GND INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.

-HV

ANODE
OUTPUT 1
: BNC-R

A1

R1, R5
R2, R10, R16
R3, R9
R4, R6 to R8, R14, R18
R11, R13, R17
R12, R15
R19
R20, R21
R22
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6

-HV
: SHV-R

DY

-HV
: SHV-R

C5

ANODE OUTPUT 2
: BNC-R
ANODE OUTPUT 1
: BNC-R
DYNODE OUTPUT
: BNC-R

46 MIN.

215 1

200.0 0.5

DY12

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

53.0 1.5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: BNC-R

46 MIN.

1 MAX.

1 MAX.

53.0 1.5

* TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

60.0 0.5

* TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

ANODE
OUTPUT 2
: BNC-R

- HV
: SHV-R

: 10 k
: 110 k
: 100 k
: 160 k
: 51
: 100
: 470 pF
: 0.022 F
: 0.047 F
: 0.1 F
: 0.22 F
: 0.47 F
: 0.01 F

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED


TO GND INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.

TPMHA0324EB

!5 H2431-50

!6 H6614-70
* TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

60.0 0.5

60.0 0.5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: BNC-R

53.0 1.5
P

46 MIN.

R16

52 1
1 MAX.

1 MAX.

TPMHA0323EB

C7
R17 R15
DY8
R14
C6

C9

DY7

80-1

+0

R12
C5

C8

R11

200 1

R10

C4

R9

C3

R8

C2

LIGHT SHIELD STEM

DY5

AL PANEL

R7
R6
DY1
R5

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

SIG

-HV

-HV
: SHV-R

R1
R2, R15
R3, R4, R13
R5
R6, R16
R7
R8 to R11
R12
R14
R17
C1
C2, C3
C4
C5, C6
C7
C8, C9

C5

R25 R20

C4

R24 R19

C3

R23 R18

C2

R17

C1

R27
+HV
: SHIELD CABLE
(RED)

DY18

DY16
DY15
R16
DY14
R15
DY13

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)

C1
R1

5 10

R2

R26 R21

R14

R4
R3

+HV
: SHIELD CABLE (RED)

1500 -0

+50

DY2

F
K

C6

R28

DY17

DY4

ACC

C7

POM CASE

DY3

MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.8 mm)

PMT: R5924-70
WITH HA TREATMENT

DY19

DY6
PMT: R2083 (H2431-50)
R3377 (H3378-50)
WITH HA TREATMENT

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)
R29

PHOTOCATHODE

R13
PHOTOCATHODE

39 MIN.

-HV
: SHV-R

: 33 k
: 390 k
: 470 k
: 499 k
: 360 k
: 536 k
: 300 k
: 150 k
: 430 k
: 51
: 2200 pF
: 4700 pF
: 0.01 F
: 0.022 F
: 0.047 F
: 1000 pF

DY12
R13
DY11
R12
DY10
R11
DY9

R1 to R21
R22, R29
R23 to R26
R27
R28
C1 to C5
C6, C7

: 330 k
: 1 M
: 51
: 10 k
: 100 k
: 0.01 F
: 0.0047 F

R10
DY8
R9
DY7
R8
DY6
R8
DY5
R6
DY4
R5
DY3
R4
DY2
R3
DY1
R2

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED


TO GND INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.

R22

R1

* HIGH VOLTAGE SHIELDED CABLE CAN BE


CONNECTED TO A CONNECTOR FOR RG-174/U.

TPMHA0327EB

82

TPMHA0472EA

!7 H6559

!8 H6527, H6528
142.0 0.8
131 2

83 1

65 MIN.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: BNC-R

DY10
DY9
DY8
DY7
DY6
DY5

218 1

PMT: R6091
WITH HA TREATMENT

SH

C4
C3
C2
C1

G
K

C1

R12

PMT: R1250 (H6527)


R1584 (H6528)
WITH HA TREATMENT

DY9
R11
DY8
R10
DY7
R9
DY6
R8
DY5
R7

C6
74
R22

BLACK TAPE

DY4

SOCKET ASSY
HOUSING

DY3

R6
R5
DY2

-HV
: SHV-R

R4
DY1
40

: 240 k
: 220 k
: 180 k
: 150 k
: 300 k
: 360 k
: 51
: 100
: 10 k
: 0.022 F
: 0.047 F
: 0.1 F
: 0.22 F
: 0.47 F
: 470 pF

R3

G2

R1

SIG

-HV

SIG

-HV

R1, R17
R2
R3
R4
R5
R6 to R13
R14, R15
R16
R18
R19, R20
R21
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6

-HV
: SHV-R

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: BNC-R

C6

R2

G1
K

H6527=Flat window, Borosilicate


H6528=Curved window, UV glass

* MAGNETIC SHIELD IS CONNECTED


TO GND INSIDE OF THIS PRODUCT.

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

C2

R13
DY10

MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.8 mm)

R1, R5
R2, R10, R16
R3, R9
R4, R6 to R8, R14, R18
R11, R13, R17
R12, R15
R19
R20, R21
R22
C1
C2
C3
C4
C5
C6

70 1

C3

R14
DY11

77

R6
R5
R4
R3
R2
R1

C4

R18 R15
DY12

R7
DY4
DY3
DY2
DY1

MAGNETIC SHIELD
CASE (t=0.8 mm)

140 1

DY11

C5

259 2

40 1

DY12

C5

R19 R16
DY13

PHOTOCATHODE

R18
R21 R17
R16
R20 R15
R14
R19 R13
R12
R11
R10
R9
R8

R20 R17
DY14

356 6

P
PHOTOCATHODE

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

56

1 MAX.

120 MIN.

* TO MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

77.0 1.5

-HV
: SHV-R

R21

-HV
: SHV-R

: 240 k
: 360 k
: 390 k
: 120 k
: 180 k
: 100 k
: 150 k
: 300 k
: 51
: 100
: 10 k
: 0.022 F
: 0.047 F
: 0.1 F
: 0.22 F
: 0.47 F
: 470 pF

TPMHA0331EA

!9 H9530-20

TPMHA0332EA

@0 H8711, H8711-20, H8711-100, H8711-200

45.0 0.8

0.8 MAX.

GND

GND

ANODE16 OUTPUT

TERMINAL PINS
DY12 OUTPUT

-HV INPUT

GND

ANODE15 OUTPUT

TERMINAL PINS

GND

GND

ANODE9 OUTPUT

TERMINAL PINS

GND

GND
ANODE8 OUTPUT

P1 P2

P8

P9

P15 P16

R18
R13

C3

R16 R12

C2

R15 R11

C1

C4
POM CASE

K G

R17
Dy12
Dy11

R1

R2

R3

R4

R8

R9

ACTIVE VOLTAGE
DIVIDER

P-1
P-2
P-3
P-4
P-5
P-6
P-7
P-8

ANODE1
ANODE2
ANODE3
ANODE4
ANODE5
ANODE6
ANODE7
ANODE8

* Gain on each channel is preset at the factory.


It is prohibited to adjust gain with this circuit at user side

Dy10
R10
Dy9

SIDE VIEW

R9
Dy8
R8

2.54

5.08

2.54

Dy7
R7

7.62
Dy12 OUTPUT
TERMINAL PIN
( 0.46)

4-SCREWS
(M2)

Dy6
R6
Dy5
R5
Dy4

DY

P1

GND

R4
Dy3

P8

R3

-HV

P16

GND

220 k
1 k
200 k
51
0.01 F

R6

R12
C4

P9

R1 to R6, R9:
R7:
R8:
R10 to R12:
C1 to C4:

R5

R11
C3

12.7

C1
GAIN ADJUSTMENT
CIRCUIT *
R7

R10
C2

SB

2.54

DY8 DY9 DY10 DY11 DY12

2.8

DY7

2.54 7=17.78

DY1 DY2 DY3 DY4 DY5 DY6

-HV

GND

-HV
1

3.08

R34

PMT:
R7600-M16 SERIES

2.54
33.0 0.5

0.5 TYP.

ANODE2 OUTPUT

30.0 0.5

ANODE #1 to #8
OUTPUT ( 0.46)

16.0 0.5

GUIDE
MARKS

0.65

26

2 GND

X
2

2.54 5=12.7

35.0 0.5
21.6

TOP VIEW

GND INPUT
TERMINAL ( 0.46)

ANODE1 OUTPUT

-HV INPUT
TERMINAL ( 0.46)

TERMINAL PINS

13

4- 0.3
GUIDE MARKS

0.3

14

25.7

15

M2 MAX. L5

16

MOUNTING THREADED HOLE


(M2 DEPTH: 5)

18.1

2.8

2.5

Dy2
-HV INPUT
TERMINAL PINS
( 0.46)

ANODE OUTPUT
TERMINAL PIN
( 0.46,
2.54 PITCH 8 4)

R2
Dy1
F
K

R1
R14

BOTTOM VIEW
ANODE SIZE
(X) (Y)
4.4 mm 4.4 mm
4.2 mm 4.4 mm
4.4 mm 4.2 mm
4.2 mm 4.2 mm

TPMHA0508EC

ANODE
P1, P4, P13, P16
P2, P3, P14, P15
P5, P8, P9, P12
P6, P7, P10, P11

R1 to R3 : 360 k
R4 to R13 : 180 k
R14 : 1 M
R15 to R17 : 51
R18 : 10 k
C1 to C4 : 0.01 F

TPMHA0487ED

83

Photomultiplier Tube Assemblies Dimensional Outlines and Diagrams (Unit: mm)


-HV INPUT TERMINAL PIN

GND TERMINAL PIN

DY10 OUTPUT

0.8

ANODE #1

ANODE #32

ANODE32 OUTPUT

ANODE1 OUTPUT

24.0 0.5

31.8

ANODE31 OUTPUT

16 2 LINE
2.54 PITCH

52.0 0.5

GND TERMINAL PIN ( 0.64)

Dy12 OUTPUT
TERMINAL PIN ( 0.64)

..
.

TOP VIEW

ANODE63 OUTPUT
ANODE64 OUTPUT

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

0.3

18.1

57 58 59 60 61 6263 64

25.7

ANODE1 OUTPUT
ANODE2 OUTPUT

4- 0.3
GUIDE MARKS

GND TERMINAL PIN ( 0.64)

TERMINAL PINS
(2.54 mm-PITCH,
0.64, 8 8)

@2 H7260-20, H7260-100, H7260-200

ANODE2 OUTPUT

@1 H7546B, H7546B-20, H7546B-100, H7546B-200

R20
R16
C3

C4

P1 P2

C2

R14
R13

R18

2.547=17.78

DY7

C1

GND

R7

Dy5
R6

Dy4

GND TERMINAL
PIN ( 0.64)

R5

Dy3

ANODE #31

ANODE #1

DY6
R6

R4
DY OUT A31-ANODE - A1 GND

R3
DY2

A32-ANODE - A2 -HV

R4

ANODE #2

Dy2
R3

ANODE #1 to #32 OUTPUT ( 0.46)


(16PIN 2 LINE 2.54 PITCH)

Dy1

@3 H8500C

TPMHA0455EC

32.7 1.0
27.4 0.9
16.4 0.5
1.5

12, 11, 4,

10, 9, 2,

52.0 0.3

3.04

14.4 0.5

DY1 DY2 DY3 DY4 DY5 DY6 DY7 DY8 DY9 DY10 DY11 DY12

GR

P61

P4

P60

P3

P59

P2

P58

P1

P57

SIDE VIEW

DY1 DY2 DY3 DY4 DY5 DY6 DY7 DY8 DY9 DY10 DY11 DY12

GR

23.65

8.6
M3 DEPTH: 4

BOTTOM VIEW

P16

P256

P15

P255

......

P62

P5

36.4 0.9

TOP VIEW

......

P63

P6

SIG2 SIG1

4-SIGNAL CONNECTOR
; QTE-040-03-F-D-A, SAMTEC
(0.8 mm PITCH. DOUBLE ROW
WITH INTEGRAL GND PLATE)

33.3 0.9

49

P7

SIG3

8.6

1.5

3.04 14=42.56

BOTTOM VIEW
P64

450

SIG4

58,
SIG1

3.04

-HV: SHV-P
(SHIELD CABLE, RED)

P8

+20
-0

GND

57, 50, 49

52, 51
60, 59

62

SIDE VIEW

NOTE *A: Suitable sockets for the signal connectors will be attached.
The equivalent socket is SQT-118-01-L-D (SAMTEC).
As it doesn't have a polarized position marker,
it can be used at any positions.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32
33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48
49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64
65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80
81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96
97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112
113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128
129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144
145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160
161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176
177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192
193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208
209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224
225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240
241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256

M3 DEPTH 2.5

4-SIGNAL OUTPUT CONNECTOR *A


TMM-118-03-G-D, mfg. SAMTEC

PC BOARD

INSULATING TAPE

START MARK

PHOTOCATHODE (EFFECTIVE AREA)


49

14, 13, 6,
61, 54, 53

56, 55

PLASTIC BASE

TOP VIEW

8, 7

H8500

16, 15,
-HV

36

INSULATING TAPE

2.6 MAX.

BASE (POM)

3.04 14=42.56

6.26

CAP HOUSING (POM)


SOCKET HOUSING (POM)
SEPARATION MARK
ON FOCUSING ELECTRODE

46.24

6.08 6=36.48

SIG2

P57 P58 P59 P60 P61 P62 P63 P64

SIG3

P49 P50 P51 P52 P53 P54 P55 P56

DY, 64, 63

P41 P42 P43 P44 P45 P46 P47 P48

SIG4

P33 P34 P35 P36 P37 P38 P39 P40

450 20

52.0 0.3

P25 P26 P27 P28 P29 P30 P31 P32

P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15 P16


P17 P18 P19 P20 P21 P22 P23 P24

-HV: SHV-P
(SHIELD CABLE, RED)

0.5
2 17=34
52.0 0.3

P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8

12 3=36
4.5 0.3

4
2

PHOTOCATHODE (EFFECTIVE AREA)


49

6.26

TPMHA0192EA

@4 H9500

START MARK

R10

R1 to R7 : 220 k
R8, R9 : 51
R10 : 1 M
R11 : 10 k
C1 to C4 : 0.01 F
DIVIDER CURRENT: 0.37 mA (at -900 V)

-HV
TERMINAL PIN
( 0.64)

TPMHA0488EC

6.08 6=36.48

R1
G
K

-HV INPUT
TERMINAL ( 0.5)

R1

R21

6.26

R2
DY1

R2

6.26

R5
DY4
DY3

ANODE #32

BOTTOM VIEW

DY5

GND TERMINAL
PIN ( 0.5)

7.62

Dy6

DY10 OUTPUT
PIN ( 0.5)

2.54

R8

ANODE OUTPUT
TERMINAL PINS
( 0.64,
2.54 PITCH 8 8)

R7

R1, R5 to R14 : 100 k


R2 to R4, R15 : 200 k
R16 : 300 k
R17 to R19 : 51
R20 : 10 k
R21 : 1 M
C1 to C3 : 0.022 F
C4 : 0.01 F

R9

Dy7

5.08

P57

C1
DY8

Dy8

HV

2.54

Dy12 OUTPUT
TERMINAL PIN
( 0.64)

P64

DY9

2.54

R10

7.5

2.54 9=22.86

4-SCREWS (M2)

DY

2.54 15 = 38.1

1.27

Dy9
-HV INPUT
TERMINAL PINS
( 0.64)

C2
R8

R12
R11

SIDE VIEW

GND
P1

R17

C3
R9

C4
DY10

HOUSING (POM)
3.3

Dy10

2.54

4.2

5.2

Dy11

R11 SHIELD
ACTIVE VOLTAGE DIVIDER

Dy12

POM CASE

SHIELD

P31 P32

R15

R19

35.0 0.5

..
.

P1
P2

P63
P64

45.0 0.8

0.8 MAX.

PMT:
R7600-M64 SERIES

P8

0.8 Typ.

30.0 0.5

P2

P242

P1

P241

C7

R20

DIVIDER CURRENT
173 A at -1100 V

R7

R8

C3

R19

R9
ACTIVE VOLTAGE
DIVIDER

-HV
SHV-P
(SHIELD CABLE, RED)

R1 to R9: 470 k (5 %, 0.125 W)


R16 to R18: 51 (5 %, 0.125 W)
R19: 10 k (5 %, 0.125 W)
R20: 1 M (5 %, 0.125 W)
R21, R22: 4.99 k (5 %, 0.125 W)
C1, C7: 0.01 F (200 V)
C2: 0.022 F (200 V)
C3: 0.033 F (200 V)
C8: 0.0047 F (2 kV)

DIVIDER CURRENT 180 A at -1100 V

4-(DOUBLE-ROW 2 mm Pitch) CONNECTOR

......

....

......

......

ANODE OUTPUT (P256)

R6

ANODE OUTPUT (P255)

R5

ANODE OUTPUT (P242)

R4

R22

4 0.8 mm PITCH HEADER


(P/N QTE-040-03-F-D-A, SAMTEC)

TPMHA0544EA

84

R3

C8

ANODE OUTPUT (P64)

ANODE OUTPUT (P8)

ANODE OUTPUT (P7)

ANODE OUTPUT (P6)

ANODE OUTPUT (P5)

ANODE OUTPUT (P4)

ANODE OUTPUT (P3)

ANODE OUTPUT (P2)

ANODE OUTPUT (P1)

SIGNAL GND

-HV
SHV-P
(SHIELD CABLE, RED)

DY12 OUTPUT

......
R1 to R9: 470 k
R16 to R18: 51
R19: 10 k
R20: 1 M
R21, R22: 4.99 k
C1: 0.01 F
C2: 0.022 F
C3: 0.033 F
C7: 0.0047 F
C8, C9: 0.0015 F

R2

R18

C2

R21

ANODE OUTPUT (P63)

R21

....

ANODE OUTPUT (P62)

R22

ANODE OUTPUT (P61)

(P9 to P16)

R1

R17

C1

(P225 to P240)

TRANSISTOR CIRCUIT

C8
C9

R16

ANODE OUTPUT (P241)

R19

(P17 to P32)

C3

ANODE OUTPUT (P16)

C2

ANODE OUTPUT (P15)

C1
R9

ANODE OUTPUT (P2)

R8

ANODE OUTPUT (P1)

R7

GND

R6

ANODE OUTPUT (P60)

R5

ANODE OUTPUT (P59)

R4

C7

ANODE OUTPUT (P58)

R3

R18

ANODE OUTPUT (P57)

R2

R17

(P49 to P56)

R1

R16

DY12 OUTPUT

R20

TPMHA0504EB

@5 H10966A
31.1 1.0
25.8 0.9

6.08 6=36.48

6.26

1
10, 9, 2,

12, 11, 4,

GND
52, 51

57, 50, 49
58,
SIG1

62

60, 59

61, 54, 53

56, 55

36

PLASTIC BASE

M3 DEPTH 2.5

4-SIGNAL OUTPUT CONNECTOR


TMM-118-03-G-D, mfg. SAMTEC

PC BOARD

TOP VIEW

14, 13, 6,

8, 7
16, 15,
-HV

INSULATION TAPE

SIG3

P57 P58 P59 P60 P61 P62 P63 P64


6.26

DY, 64, 63

6.26

P49 P50 P51 P52 P53 P54 P55 P56

SIG4

P41 P42 P43 P44 P45 P46 P47 P48

450 20

P33 P34 P35 P36 P37 P38 P39 P40

0.5
2 17=34
52.0 0.3

6.08 6=36.48

P25 P26 P27 P28 P29 P30 P31 P32

52.0 0.3

P9 P10 P11 P12 P13 P14 P15 P16

PHOTOCATHODE (EFFECTIVE AREA)


49

6.26

P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 P6 P7 P8

P17 P18 P19 P20 P21 P22 P23 P24

12 3=36
4.5 0.3

4
2

SIG2

14.8 0.5
1.5

START MARK

SIDE VIEW

-HV: SHV-P
(SHIELD CABLE, RED)

BOTTOM VIEW

DY1 DY2 DY3 DY4 DY5 DY6 DY7 DY8

GR

P8

P64

P7

P63

P6

P62

P5

P61

P4

P60

P3

P59

P2

P58

P1

P57

C7
R20

R2

R3

R4

R17

R18

C1

C2

C3

R19

R5

ANODE OUTPUT (P64)

ANODE OUTPUT (P63)

ANODE OUTPUT (P62)

ANODE OUTPUT (P61)

ANODE OUTPUT (P60)

ANODE OUTPUT (P8)

ANODE OUTPUT (P7)

ANODE OUTPUT (P6)

ANODE OUTPUT (P5)

ANODE OUTPUT (P4)

ANODE OUTPUT (P3)

ANODE OUTPUT (P2)

ANODE OUTPUT (P1)

SIGNAL GND

-HV
SHV-P
(SHIELD CABLE, RED)

DY8 OUTPUT

......
R1 to R9: 470 k
R16 to R18: 51
R19: 10 k
R20: 1 M
R21, R22: 4.99 k
C1: 0.01 F
C2: 0.022 F
C3: 0.033 F
C7: 0.0047 F
C8, C9: 0.0015 F

ANODE OUTPUT (P59)

....

ANODE OUTPUT (P58)

(P9 to P16)

R21

(P49 to P56)

TRANSISTOR CIRCUIT

C8
C9
R22

ANODE OUTPUT (P57)

R1

R16

4-(DOUBLE-ROW 2 mm Pitch) CONNECTOR

DIVIDER CURRENT
245 A at -1100 V

TPMHA0559EA

ANODE OUTPUT TERMINAL PIN

30.0 0.5

PHOTOCATHODE

(BDL-108-G-F, Mfg. SAMTEC)

16

0.8

16

TOP VIEW
0.8 MAX.

P16

PMT

P4

P5

P6

P7

P8

P9

P10

P11

P12

P13

P14

P15

P16

GND
TERMINAL PIN

P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
P9
P10
P11
P12
P13
P14
P15
P16

45.0 0.5

POM CASE

R11
R10
DY9

P1 ANODE OUTPUT P15

-HV GND
P2 ANODE OUTPUT P16

2.54 7=17.78
6.35

2.54
24

BOTTOM VIEW

DY7
R7

P1 P3 P5 P7 P9 P11 P13 P15

SIDE VIEW

DY8

GND INPUT
TERMINAL PIN
( 0.46)
-HV
GND
P2 P4 P6 P8 P10 P12 P14 P16

5.7

R9
0.64

ANODE OUTPUT

24

P2

P3

INSULATION
TAPE

DY10

4-SCREW (M2)

P1

DY6
R6
DY5
R5
DY4
R4
DY3
R3
DY2

ANODE #1 to #16
OUTPUT ( 0.46)
-HV INPUT
TERMINAL PIN
( 0.46)

ACTIVE VOLTAGE
DIVIDER

P1

15.8

1.0 PITCH

@6 H10515B-20

R2
DY1
G
K

R1
R8
-HV INPUT
TERMINAL PIN

R1 to R7 : 220 k
R8 : 1 M
R9 to R11 : 51
DIVIDER CURRENT : 0.37 mA (at -900 V)
TPMHA0534JA

85

Photomultiplier Tube Socket Assemblies


Photomultiplier Tube Socket Assemblies
Hamamatsu provides a wide variety of socket assemblies specifically designed
for simple and reliable operation of photomultiplier tubes (often abbreviated as
PMTs). These socket assemblies consist primarily of a high quality socket and
voltage divider circuit integrated into a compact case. Variant types are available
with internal current-to-voltage conversion amplifiers, gate circuits and high voltage power supply circuits.

TACCF0178

Types of Socket Assemblies


The circuit elements used in Hamamatsu socket assemblies
are represented by the three letters below. The socket assembly types are grouped according to the combination of
these letters.
D : Voltage Divider
A : Amplifier
P : High Voltage Power Supply

DP-Type Socket Assemblies (C6270, C8991, etc.)


DP-type socket assemblies comprise a built-in high-voltage
power supply circuit added to a D-type socket assembly.

Figure 42: DP-Type Socket Assembly


SOCKET

HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY


SIGNAL OUTPUT
SIGNAL GND
LOW VOLTAGE INPUT

PMT

D-Type Socket Assemblies (E717, E990 Series, etc.)


The D-type socket assemblies contain a voltage divider circuit along with a socket in a compact metallic or plastic case.
Plastic case types are potted with silicone compound to ensure high environmental resistance.
Refer to page 92 for the selection guide to D-type socket assemblies.

Figure 40: D-Type Socket Assembly


SOCKET
SIGNAL OUTPUT

HIGH VOLTAGE CONTROL


VOLTAGE DIVIDER

TACCC0003EB

DAP-Type Socket Assemblies (C6271, C7950, C7950-01)


This type of socket assembly has a current-to-voltage conversion amplifier and a high voltage power supply, efficiently
added to the circuit components of the D-type socket assembly.

Figure 43: DAP-Type Socket Assembly


SOCKET

SIGNAL GND
PMT

POWER SUPPLY GND

AMPLIFIER
SIGNAL OUTPUT
SIGNAL GND

POWER SUPPLY GND


HIGH VOLTAGE INPUT

LOW VOLTAGE INPUT

PMT

HIGH VOLTAGE CONTROL


POWER SUPPLY GND

VOLTAGE DIVIDER CIRCUIT


VOLTAGE DIVIDER

HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY

TACCC0001EB
TACCC0054EA

DA-Type Socket Assemblies (C7246, C7247 Series)


In addition to the circuit elements of the D-type socket assemblies, the DA-type socket assemblies include an amplifier that converts the low-level, high-impedance current output
of a photomultiplier tube into a low-impedance voltage output. Possible problems from noise induction are eliminated
since the high-impedance output of the photomultiplier tube
is connected to the amplifier at the minimum distance.

Figure 41: DA-Type Socket Assembly


SOCKET

AMP
LOW VOLTAGE INPUT

PMT

SIGNAL OUTPUT
SIGNAL GND
HIGH VOLTAGE INPUT
VOLTAGE-DIVIDER CIRCUIT
TACCC0002ED

86

Basics of Voltage Dividers


The following information describes voltage divider circuits
which are basic to all types of socket assemblies. Refer to
this section for information on proper use of the socket assemblies.

Voltage Divider Circuits


To operate a photomultiplier tube, a high voltage of 500 volts
to 2000 volts is usually supplied between the photocathode
(K) and the anode (P), with a proper voltage gradient set up
along the photoelectron focusing electrode (F) or grid (G),
secondary electron multiplier electrodes or dynodes (Dy)
and, depending on photomultiplier tube type, an accelerating
electrode (Acc). Figure 44 shows a schematic representation
of photomultiplier tube operation using independent multiple
power supplies, but this is not a practical method. Instead, a
voltage divider circuit is commonly used to divide, by means
of resistors, a high voltage supplied from a single power supply.

Figure 44: Schematic Representation of Photomultiplier


Tube Operation
LIGHT
K

Dy1

ePHOTOELECTRONS

Dy2

Dy3

SECONDARY ELECTRONS
eeeANODE CURRENT
Ip
A

V2

V1

V3

V4

V5

Figure 47: Equally Divided Voltage Divider Circuit

POWER SUPPLIES

TACCC0055EA

Figure 45 shows a typical voltage divider circuit using resistors, with the anode side grounded. The capacitor C1 connected in parallel to the resistor R5 in the circuit is called a
storage capacitor and improves the output linearity when the
photomultiplier tube is used in pulse operation, and not necessarily used in providing DC output. In some applications,
transistors or Zener diodes may be used in place of these resistors.

Figure 45: Anode Grounded Voltage Divider Circuit


K

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

P
Ip
OUTPUT

RL
R2

R1

R3

R4

R5

C1
-HV
TACCC0056EB

Anode Grounding and Photocathode Grounding


In order to eliminate the potential difference between the
photomultiplier tube anode and external circuits such as an
ammeter, and to facilitate the connection, the generally used
technique for voltage divider circuits is to ground the anode
and supply a high negative voltage (-HV) to the photocathode, as shown in Figure 45. This scheme provides the signal output in both DC and pulse operations, and is therefore
used in a wide range of applications.
In photon counting and scintillation counting applications,
however, the photomultiplier tube is often operated with the
photocathode grounded and a high positive voltage (+HV)
supplied to the anode mainly for purposes of noise reduction.
This photocathode grounding scheme is shown in Figure 46,
along with the coupling capacitor Cc for isolating the high
voltage from the output circuit. Accordingly, this setup cannot
provide a DC signal output and is only used in pulse output
applications. The resistor RP is used to give a proper potential to the anode. The resistor RL is placed as a load resistor,
but the actual load resistance will be the combination of RP
and RL.

Figure 46: Photocathode Grounded Voltage Divider Circuit


K

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

P
CC
OUTPUT

Ip
RP
R1

R2

R3

R4

R5

RL

C2

C1
+HV

Standard Voltage Divider Circuits


Basically, the voltage divider circuits of socket assemblies
listed in this catalog are designed for standard voltage distribution ratios which are suited for constant light measurement. Socket assemblies for side-on photomultiplier tubes in
particular mostly use a voltage divider circuit with equal interstage voltages allowing high gain.

TACCC0057EB

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

OUTPUT

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

1R

C1

C2

RL

-HV

TACCC0058EB

Tapered Voltage Divider Circuits


In most pulsed light measurement applications, it is often
necessary to enhance the voltage gradient at the first and/or
last few stages of the voltage divider circuit, by using larger
resistances as shown in Figure 48. This is called a tapered
voltage divider circuit and is effective in improving various
characteristics. However it should be noted that the overall
gain decreases as the voltage gradient becomes greater. In
addition, care is required regarding the interstage voltage tolerance of the photomultiplier tube as higher voltage is supplied. The tapered voltage circuit types and their suitable applications are listed below.
Tapered circuit at the first few stages (resistance: large / small)
Photon counting (improvement in pulse height distribution)
Low-light-level detection (S/N ratio enhancement)
High-speed pulsed light detection (improvement in timing properties)
Other applications requiring better magnetic characteristics and uniformity

Tapered circuit at the last few stages (resistance: small / large)


High pulsed light detection (improvement in output linearity)
High-speed pulsed light detection (improvement in timing properties)
Other applications requiring high output across the load resistor

Figure 48: Tapered Voltage Divider Circuit


K

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

OUTPUT

2R

1.5R

1R

1R

-HV

2R

3R

C1

C2

RL

TACCC0059EB

Voltage Divider Circuit and Photomultiplier Tube Output Linearity


In both DC and pulse operations, when the light incident on
the photocathode increases to a certain level, the relationship between the incident light level and the output current
begins to deviate from the ideal linearity. As can be seen
from Figure 49, region A maintains good linearity, and region
B is the so-called overlinearity range in which the output increase is larger than the ideal level. In region C, the output
goes into saturation and becomes smaller than the ideal level. When accurate measurement with good linearity is essential, the maximum output current must be within region A. In
contrast, the lower limit of the output current is determined by
the dark current and noise of the photomultiplier tube as well
as the leakage current and noise of the external circuit.
87

Photomultiplier Tube Socket Assemblies


Figure 49: Output Linearity of Photomultiplier Tube
10

I1 (=IK)

IK

I2

Dy1
IDy1

I4 (=IP)

I3

Dy2

Dy3

IDy2

IR1

P
IP

IDy3

IR2

IR3

IR4

1.0
ACTUAL
CURVE
0.1

R1

R2

R3

R4

V1

V2

V3

V4

IDEAL
CURVE

-HV
ID
TACCC0061EA

0.01

RATIO OUTPUT CURRENT


TO DIVIDER CURRENT

Figure 51: Operation without Light Input

TACCB0005EA

0.001
0.001

0.01

0.1

1.0

10

LIGHT FLUX (A.U.)

Output Linearity in DC Mode


Figure 50 is a simplified representation showing photomultiplier tube operation in the DC output mode, with three stages
of dynodes and four dividing resistors R1 through R4 having
the same resistance value.

Figure 50: Basic Operation of Photomultiplier Tube


and Voltage Divider Circuit
K

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

I2

I1

I4

I1' < I2' < I3' < I4'


Ip

IK

IDy1

IDy2

Thus, the interstage voltage Vn' (=IRn' Rn) becomes smaller


at the latter stages, as follows:

IDy3

R1

R2

R3

R4

IR1

IR2

IR3

IR4

IRn' = ID' - In'


Where In' is the interelectrode current which has the following relation:

I3

[When light is incident on the tube]


When light is allowed to strike the photomultiplier tube under
the conditions in Figure 51, the resulting currents can be
considered to flow through the photomultiplier tube and the
voltage divider circuit as schematically illustrated in Figure
52. Here, all symbols used to represent the current and voltage are expressed with a prime ( ' ), to distinguish them
from those in dark state operation.
The voltage divider circuit current ID' is the sum of the voltage
divider circuit current ID in dark state operation and the current flowing through the photomultiplier tube ID (equal to
average interelectrode current). The current flowing through
each dividing resistor Rn becomes as follows:

V1' > V2' > V3' > V4'


ID
-HV

TACCC0060EA

Figure 52: Operation with Light Input


K

[When light is not incident on the tube]


In dark state operation where a high voltage is supplied to a
photomultiplier tube without incident light, the current
components flowing through the voltage divider circuit will be
similar to those shown in Figure 51 (if we ignore the
photomultiplier tube dark current). The relation of current and
voltage through each component is given below
Interelectrode current of photomultiplier tube

I1' (=IK')

Ik'

Dy2

IDy1'
IR1'

I4' (=IP')

I3'

I2'
Dy1

Dy3

IDy2'
IR2'

IDy3'
IR3'

R1

R2

R3

V1'

V2'

V3'

IP'
IR4'

R4
V4'

-HV
ID' =ID + ID
TACCC0062EA

I1=I2=I3=I4 (= 0 A)
Electrode current of photomultiplier tube
IK=IDy1=IDy2=IDy3=IP (= 0 A)
Voltage divider circuit current

IR1=IR2=IR3=IR4=ID= (HV/ Rn)


n=1

Voltage divider circuit voltage


V1=V2=V3=V4=ID Rn (= HV/4)

88

Figure 53 shows changes in the interstage voltages as the


incident light level varies. The interstage voltage V4' with light
input drops significantly compared to V4 in dark state operation. This voltage loss is redistributed to the other stages, resulting an increases in V1', V2' and V3' which are higher than
those in dark state operation. The interstage voltage V4' is
only required to collect the secondary electrons emitted from
the last dynode to the anode, so it has little effect on the
anode current even if dropped to 20 or 30 volts. In contrast,
the increases in V1', V2' and V3' directly raise the secondary
emission ratios (1, 2 and 3) at the dynodes Dy1, Dy2 and
Dy3, and thus boost the overall gain m (= 1 2 3 ). This is
the cause of overlinearity in region B in Figure 49. As the incident light level further increases so that V4' approaches 0
volts, output saturation occurs in region C.

Figure 53: Changes in Interstage Voltages at Different


Incident Light Levels
120

TACCB0017EA

INTERSTAGE VOLTAGE (%)

MODERATE
LIGHT INPUT
HIGH LIGHT INPUT

110

2Using the active voltage divider circuit


Use of a voltage divider circuit having transistors in place of
the dividing resistors in last few stages (for example, Hamamatsu C6270 series using FETs) is effective in improving the
output linearity. This type of voltage divider circuit ensures
good linearity up to an output current equal to 60 % to 70 %
of the voltage divider current, since the interstage voltage is
not affected by the interelectrode current inside the photomultiplier tube. A typical active voltage divider circuit is
shown in Figure 55.

100
NO OR FAINT
LIGHT INPUT
90

80

V1

V2

V3

As stated above, good output linearity can be obtained simply by increasing the voltage divider current. However, this is
accompanied by heat emanating from the voltage divider. If
this heat is conducted to the photomultiplier tube, it may
cause problems such as an increase in the dark current, and
variation in the output.

V4

POSITION OF INTERSTAGE VOLTAGE

Figure 55: Active Voltage Divider Circuit

Linearity Improvement in DC Output Mode


To improve the linearity in DC output mode, it is important to
minimize the changes in the interstage voltage when photocurrent flows through the photomultiplier tube. There are several specific methods for improving the linearity, as discussed below.
1Increasing the voltage divider current
Figure 54 shows the relationship between the output linearity
of a 28 mm (1-1/8") diameter side-on photomultiplier tube
and the ratio of anode current to voltage divider current. For
example, to obtain an output linearity of 1 %, it can be seen
from the figure that the anode current should be set approximately 1.4 % of the divider circuit current. However, this is a
calculated plot, so actual data may differ from tube to tube
even for the same type of photomultiplier tube, depending on
the supply voltage and individual dynode gains. To ensure
high photometric accuracy, it is recommended that the voltage divider current be maintained at least twice the value obtained from this figure.
The maximum linear output in DC mode listed for the D-type
socket assemblies in this catalog indicates the anode current
equal to 1/20 of the voltage divider current. The output linearity at this point can be maintained within 3 % to 5 %.

Figure 54: Output Linearity vs. Anode Current to


Voltage Divider Current Ratio
10

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

RL
TWO
TRANSISTORS

-HV
TACCC0063EA

3Using Zener Diodes


The output linearity can be improved by using Zener diodes
in place of the dividing resistors in the last few stages, because the Zener diodes serve to maintain the interstage voltages at a constant level. However, if the supply voltage is
greatly varied, the voltage distribution may be imbalanced
compared to other interstage voltages, thus limiting the adjustable range of the voltage with this technique. In addition,
if the supply voltage is reduced or if the current flowing
through the Zener diodes becomes insufficient due to an increase in the anode current, noise may be generated from
the Zener diodes. Precautions should be taken when using
this type of voltage divider circuit. Figure 56 shows a typical
voltage divider circuit using Zener diodes.

Figure 56: Voltage Divider Circuit Using Zener Diodes

TACCB0031EA

OUTPUT LINEARITY (%)

Dy1

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

1
TWO
ZENER DIODES

RL

-HV

0.1

TACCC0064EA

0.01

0.1

10

RATIO OF ANODE CURRENT TO VOLTAGE DIVIDER CURRENT (%)

89

Photomultiplier Tube Socket Assemblies


4Using Cockcroft-Walton Circuit
When a Cockcroft-Walton circuit as shown in Figure 57 is
used to operate a 28 mm (1-1/8") diameter side-on photomultiplier tube with a supply voltage of 1000 volts, good DC
linearity can be obtained up to 200 A and even higher.
Since a high voltage is generated by supplying a low voltage
to the oscillator circuit, there is no need for using a high voltage power supply.
This Cockcroft-Walton circuit achieves superior DC output
linearity as well as low current consumption.

RL

Since this method directly supplies the pulse current with


electrical charges from the capacitors, if the count rate is increased and the resulting duty factor becomes larger, the
electrical charge will be insufficient. Therefore, in order to
maintain good linearity, the capacitance value obtained from
the above equation must be increased according to the duty
factor, so that the voltage divider current is kept at least 50
times larger than the average anode current just as with the
DC output mode.
The active voltage divider circuit and the booster method using multiple power supplies discussed previously, provide superior pulse output linearity even at a higher duty factor.

OSCILLATION
CIRCUIT

Figure 59: Equally Divided Voltage Divider Circuit and


Storage Capacitors

Figure 57: Cockcroft-Walton Circuit


K

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

C > 100 Q/V


where Q is the charge of one output pulse (coulombs) and V
is the voltage (volts) across the last dynode and the anode.

-HV
GENERATED

TACCC0065EA

5Using multiple high voltage power supplies


As shown in Figure 58, this technique uses multiple power
supplies to directly supply voltages to the last few stages
near the anode. This is sometimes called the booster method, and is used for high pulse and high count rate applications in high energy physics experiments.

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

Dy5

RL
1R

1R

1R

1R

Figure 58: Voltage Divider Circuit Using Multiple Power


Supplies (Booster Method)
K

Dy4

1R

1R

C1

C2

TWO STORAGE CAPACITORS

-HV

TACCC0067EB

RL

AUXILIARY
POWER SUPPLY 2
AUXILIARY POWER SUPPLY 1
MAIN POWER SUPPLY
TACCC0066EA

Output Linearity in Pulsed Mode


In applications such as scintillation counting where the incident light is in the form of pulses, individual pulses may
range from a few to over 100 milliamperes even though the
average anode current is small at low count rates. In this
pulsed output mode, the peak current in extreme cases may
reach a level hundreds of times higher than the voltage divider current. If this happens, it is not possible to supply interelectrode currents from the voltage divider circuit to the last
few stages of the photomultiplier tube, thus leading to degradation in the output linearity.
Improving Linearity in Pulsed Output Mode
1Using storage capacitors
Using multiple power supplies mentioned above is not popular in view of the cost. The most commonly used technique is
to supply the interelectrode current by using storage capacitors as shown in Figure 59. There are two methods for connecting these storage capacitors: the serial method and the
parallel method. As Figures 59 and 60 show, the serial method is more widely used since it requires lower tolerance voltages of the capacitors. The capacitance value C (farads) of
the storage capacitor between the last dynode and the
anode should be at least 100 times the output charge as follows:
90

2Using tapered voltage divider circuit with storage


capacitors
Use of the above voltage divider circuit having storage capacitors is effective in improving pulse linearity. However,
when the pulse current increases further, the electron density
also increases, particularly in last stages. This may cause a
space charge effect which prevents interelectrode current
from flowing adequately and leading to output saturation. A
commonly used technique for extracting a higher pulse current is the tapered voltage divider circuit in which the voltage
distribution ratios in the latter stages are enhanced as shown
in Figure 60. Care should be taken in this case regarding
loss of the gain and the breakdown voltages between electrodes.
Since use of a tapered voltage divider circuit allows an increase in the voltage between the last dynode and the
anode, it is possible to raise the voltage across the load resistor when it is connected to the anode. It should be noted
however, that if the output voltage becomes excessively
high, the voltage between the last dynode and the anode
may drop, causing a degradation in output linearity.

Figure 60: Tapered Voltage Divider Circuit Using


Storage Capacitors
K

Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Dy4

Dy5

RL
1R

1R

1R

1.5R

2.5R

3R

C1

C2

TWO STORAGE CAPACITORS

-HV
TACCC0068EB

D-Type Socket Assemblies


The D-type socket assemblies are grouped as follows:
(a) For DC output (-HV supply)
Available only upon request
(b) For DC or pulsed output (-HV supply)
ex. E717-63
(c) For pulsed output (+HV supply)
ex. E990-08

(d) For DC or pulsed output (-HV supply), or pulsed output


(+HV supply)
ex. E717-74
Connection of D-Type Socket Assemblies to External
Circuits
Figure 61 shows typical examples of connecting various Dtype socket assemblies to external circuits.

Figure 61: Connection of D-Type Socket Assemblies to Extrernal Circuits


(a) For DC output (-HV supply)

F
SIG

P
Dy1

Dy2

Eo=Ip RL

Dy3
Ip

TO VOLTMETER,
AMPLIFIER UNIT OR OSCILLOSCOPE

RL

SIGNAL GND
R1

R2

R3

R4

R5

AMMETER

Ip

Rf
-HV

POWER SUPPLY
GND

Cf

Ip

-HV

Eout=-Ip Rf
TO VOLTMETER OR
SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUIT

FET INPUT OP AMP

(b) For DC or pulsed output (-HV supply)

TACCC0069EA

F
Dy2

Eo = Ip RL

SIG

P
Dy1

Dy3
Ip

TO VOLTMETER
AMPLIFIER UNIT OR OSCILLOSCOPE

RL

SIGNAL GND
R1

R2

R3

R4

R5

C1

C2

AMMETER

Ip

Rf

-HV

POWER SUPPLY
GND

Cf

Ip

-HV

Eout=-Ip Rf
TO VOLTMETER OR
SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUIT

FET INPUT OP AMP

(c) For pulsed output (+HV supply)

TACCC0070EA

AMPLIFIER UNIT

F
SIG

P
Dy1

Dy2

Dy3

Cp

Ip

TO SIGNAL PROCESSING
CIRCUIT

CL

RL

Rp
SIGNAL GND

R1

R2

R3

R4

R5

C1

C2

CHARGE AMP
Cf

C3
Rf

TO SIGNAL PROCESSING
CIRCUIT

Qs

+HV

POWER SUPPLY
GND

Vout =-Qs/Cf

+HV

(d) For DC or pulsed output (-HV supply),


or pulsed output (+HV supply)

TACCC0071EB

F
SIG

P
Dy1

Dy2

Eo = Ip RL

Dy3

d-1. For DC or pulsed output (-HV supply)

SIGNAL GND

R1

* GND should be connected externaly.

R2

R3

R4

R5

C1

C2

Ip

Ip

RL

TO VOLTMETER,
AMPLIFIER UNIT OR OSCILLOSCOPE

AMMETER
Rf

Cf

Ip
-HV

POWER SUPPLY
GND

-HV

Eout = - Ip Rf
TO VOLTMETER OR
SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUIT

FET INPUT OP AMP

* GND and CB should be connected externally.

0.001 F to 0.005 F
AMPLIFIER UNIT
CERAMIC DISK
(2 kV to 3 kV)

F
P
Dy1

R1

R2

Dy2

R3

Dy3

R4

C1

CP SIG
10 k to 1 M

d-2. For pulsed output/+HV supply


For general scintillation counting and
photon counting applications, recommended values for CP and RP are 0.001
F to 0.005 F and 10 k to 1 M.
Since a high voltage is supplied to
these parts, care must be taken when
handling this circuit.

R5

Ip

CL

RL

Rp
CHARGE AMP
Cf

+HV

TO SIGNAL PROCESSING
CIRCUIT

SIGNAL
GND

C2

POWER SUPPLY
GND

TACCC0072EA

Rf
TO SIGNAL
PROCESSING CIRCUIT

Qs

Vout= - Qs/Cf

CB

TACCC0073EC

91

D-Type Socket Assemblies


Socket
Assembly
Type No.

Applicable
PMT
Diameter

B
C
Maximum Ratings
Out- Grounded
Leakage
Total
Maximum
A
Insulation
line Electrode / Voltage
Linear
Voltage Current in Voltage
and Supply between Supply Divider Signal
Divider Output in
Voltage
Dia- Voltage Case and
Max. Resistance DC Mode
Current
Pins
gram Polarity
(V)
(V)
(mA)
(A)
(M)
(A)

Signal
Output

Note

For Side-on Types


q

Anode / -

1500

1250

0.38

1 10-10

3.30

E850-22

Anode / -

1500

1250

0.38

1 10-10

3.30

E717-63

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.45

1 10-10

3.30

E717-74

28 mm (1-1/8") r

Anode
Cathode
/ +-

1500

1500

0.45

1 10-10

3.30

Anode / -

1250

1250

0.38

1 10-10

3.30

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.41

1 10-10

3.63

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.37

1 10-10

4.02

E1761-05

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.37

1 10-10

4.02

E849-35

Anode / -

1500

1250

0.34

1 10-10

3.63

!0

Anode / -

1500

1250

0.34

1 10-10

3.63

E849-68

!1

Anode / -

1500

1250

0.27

1 10-10

4.48

E849-52

!2

Anode / -

1500

1250

0.31

1 10-10

3.98

E974-13

!3

Anode / -

1800

1800

0.47

1 10-10

3.81

E974-14

!4 Cathode / +

1800

1800

0.47

3.81

E850-13
13 mm (1/2")

E717-500

18
(at 1250 V)
18
(at 1250 V)
22
(at 1500 V)
22
(at 1500 V)
18
(at 1250 V)

DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse

E850-13,
with connector

DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse Pin output
DC / Pulse

E717-63,
with connector

For Head-on Types


E1761-04
E1761-22

10 mm (3/8")

E849-90
13 mm (1/2")

!5

Anode / -

1800

1800

0.47

1 10-10

3.81

!6

Anode / -

1800

1800

0.43

1 10-10

4.16

E2253-05

!7

Anode / -

1800

1800

0.35

1 10-10

5.13

E2253-08

!8 Cathode / +

1800

1800

0.35

5.13

E974-18

!9

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.37

1 10-10

3.98

E2924-11

@0

Anode / -

1800

1800

0.41

1 10-10

4.47

@1

Anode / -

1500

1250

0.29

1 10-10

4.29

E2924-500

@2

Anode / -

1500

1250

0.29

1 10-10

4.29

E2924-05

@3 Cathode / +

1500

1250

0.29

4.30

E990-07

@4

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.38

1 10-10

3.96

E990-08

@5 Cathode / +

1500

1500

0.38

3.96

@6

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.38

1 10-10

3.96

E2624

@7

Anode / -

2500

2500

0.52

1 10-10

4.80

E2624-05

@8 Cathode /+

2500

2500

0.52

4.80

E2624-14

@9

2500

2500

0.52

1 10-10

4.80

E974-17
E974-22

19 mm (3/4")

E2924
25 mm (1")

E990-501
28 mm (1-1/8")

Anode / -

NOTE: AMeasured with the maximum supply voltage


BMeasured with a supply voltage of 1000 V except for E5996, E7083 and E6736 (900 V)
CThe current at which the output linearity is kept within 5 %

92

20
(at 1500 V)
19
(at 1500 V)
19
(at 1500 V)
17
(at 1250 V)
17
(at 1250 V)
13
(at 1250 V)
15
(at 1250 V)
23
(at 1800 V)

DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse

For R2496,
with connector

DC / Pulse For R2496


DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse

E849-35,
with connector

DC / Pulse For R4124


DC / Pulse

For R2557,
with connector

DC / Pulse
Pulse

For Scintillation Counting

E974-13,
23
DC / Pulse
with connector
(at 1800 V)
For R1450,
21
DC / Pulse
with connector
(at 1800 V)
For R3478,
17
DC / Pulse
with connector
(at 1800 V)
For R3478,
Pulse

for Scintillation Counting


For R1878,
18
DC / Pulse
with connector
(at 1500 V)
20
DC / Pulse For R7899
(at 1800 V)
14
DC / Pulse
(at 1250 V)
E2924,
DC / Pulse
14
with connector

Pulse

For Scintillation Counting

18
DC / Pulse
(at 1500 V)

Pulse

For Scintillation Counting

E990-07,
18
DC / Pulse
with connector
(at 1500 V)
26
DC / Pulse For R6427,
(at 2500 V)
For R6427,
Pulse

for Scintillation Counting


E2624,
26
DC / Pulse
with connector
(at 2500 V)

Maximum Ratings
Socket
Assembly
Type No.

Applicable
PMT
Diameter

Out- Grounded
line Electrode /
and Supply
Dia- Voltage
gram Polarity

Total
Maximum
A Leakage
Insulation
Linear
Voltage Supply Voltage Current in Voltage
between
Divider Output in
Divider Signal
Voltage
Case and
Max. Resistance DC Mode
Current
Pins
(V)
(V)
(mA)
(A)
(M)
(A)

Signal
Output

Note

For Head-on Types


#0

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.35

1 10-10

4.29

#1

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.34

1 10-10

4.48

#2

Anode / -

2000

1750

0.45

1 10-10

3.97

E2183-502

#3 Cathode / +

2000

1750

0.45

3.96

E1198-26

#4

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.38

1 10-10

4.01

#5 Cathode / +

1500

1500

0.38

4.01

#6

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.46

1 10-10

3.3

#7 Cathode / +

1500

1500

0.46

3.3

E990-500
28 mm (1-1/8")
E990-29
E2183-500
38 mm (1-1/2")

E1198-27
E1198-05

51 mm (2")
76 mm (3")

E1198-20

#8

E1198-07
51 mm (2")

Anode / -

1750

1750

0.44

1 10-10

3.98

E2979-500

#9

Anode / -

3000

3000

0.70

1 10-10

4.31

E1198-23

$0 Cathode / +

2200

2000

0.50

3.97

$1

Anode / -

2200

2000

0.50

1 10-10

3.97

$2 Cathode / +

2200

2000

0.50

3.97

E6316-01

$3

Anode / -

2200

2000

0.50

1 10-10

3.97

E5859-05

$4

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.38

1 10-10

3.98

E5859-19

$5

Anode / -

-2000

2000

0.57

1 10-10

3.53

$6

Anode / -

2700

2700

0.67

1 10-10

4.06

E5859-01

$7

Anode / -

2700

2700

0.75

1 10-10

3.62

E5859-03

$8 Cathode / +

2700

2700

0.75

3.63

E1198-22
E6316

E5859

51 mm (2")
76 mm (3")
127 mm (5")

51 mm (2")
76 mm (3")

E1435-02

51 mm (2")

$9

Anode / -

1500

1500

0.38

1 10-10

3.96

E7693

127 mm (5")

%0

Anode / -

3000

3000

1.02

1 10-10

2.94

Metal Package PMT


R9880U Series
Metal Package PMT
R7600U Series
Metal Package PMT
R7600U-M4 Series
Metal Package PMT
R5900U-L16
Metal Package PMT
R8900U
Metal Package PMT
R8900-00-M16
Metal Package PMT
R8900U-C12

%1

Anode / -

1250

1250

0.36

1 10-10

3.46

%2

Anode / -

900

900

0.33

1 10-10

2.75

%3

Anode / -

900

900

0.33

1 10-10

2.75

%4

Anode / -

900

900

0.38

1 10-10

2.42

%5

Anode / -

1000

1000

0.37

1 10-10

2.74

%6

Anode / -

1000

1000

0.35

1 10-10

2.86

%7

Anode / -

1000

1000

0.34

1 10-10

2.97

%8 Cathode / +

2500

2500

0.45

5.62

E10679
E5996
E7083
E6736
E10411
E9349
E7514
E6133-04

For High Magnetic


Environments
25 mm (1")

17
DC / Pulse With connector
(at 1500 V)
16
DC / Pulse For R3998-02
(at 1500 V)
22
DC / Pulse With connector
(at 1750 V)
With connector,

Pulse
for scintillation counting
18
DC / Pulse
(at 1500 V)

Pulse

For scintillation counting

22
DC / Pulse
(at 1500 V)

Pulse

22
DC / Pulse
(at 1750 V)
34
DC / Pulse
(at 3000 V)

Pulse

For scintillation counting


For R2154-02
For R1828-01,
with rear panel connector,
with magnetic shield

For scintillation counting

25
DC / Pulse
(at 2000 V)

25
(at 2000 V)
18
(at 1500 V)
28
(at 2000 V)
33
(at 2700 V)
37
(at 2700 V)

18
(at 1500 V)
51
(at 3000 V)
18
(at 1250 V)
16
(at 900 V)
4 D
(at 900 V)
1.16 D
(at 900 V)
18
(at 1000 V)
1.0 D
(at 1000 V)
1.4 D
(at 1000 V)

Pulse

E1198-23,
with rear panel connector,
for scintillation counting

DC / Pulse

E1198-22,
with rear panel connector

DC / Pulse With rear panel connector


DC / Pulse

For R7724
with rear panel connector

DC / Pulse With rear panel connector


DC / Pulse With rear panel connector
Pulse

With rear panel connector,


for scintillation counting

DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse

For R1250, for R1584,


with rear panel connector

DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse
DC / Pulse
Pulse

For R5505,
with connector

NOTE: DCurrent of one anode


CAUTION: Socket assemblies are not designed to operate in a vacuum.
Temperature ranges of D-type socket assemblies are as follows (except for some products):
Operating: 0 C to +50 C
Storage: -15 C to +60 C
Do not use the socket assemblies if condensation occurs, since a high voltage is output from the socket.
Insert the photomultiplier tube all the way into the socket.
Insert the photomultiplier tube straight into the socket, or pull the photomultiplier tube straight out of the socket when removing it.

93

D-Type Socket Assemblies Dimensional Outlines and Diagrams (Unit: mm)


q E850-13

w E850-22
SOCKET
PIN No.

DY9

10

12.6 0.5

DY8

12.4 0.5

DY7

DY6

C3

R9

C2

R8
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

450 10

POTTING
COMPOUND

0.5 MAX.

R10

C1

R7

14.0 0.3
10 5

10 5

35.0 0.5

12.6 0.5
12.4 0.5

6
R5

DY4

DY3

DY2

DY1
K

R4
R3

10

DY8

R10

C3

R9

C2

R8

C1

8
R7

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY6

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

DY1
K

R6

POTTING
COMPOUND

R1 to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

DY9

DY7

R6
DY5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

11

R1 to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R5

450 10

0.5 MAX.

11
14.0 0.3

SOCKET
PIN No.

PMT
SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
POWER SUPPLY GND
AWG22 (BLACK)

35.0 0.5

PMT

R4
R3
R2

R2
R1

R1

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

TACCA0240EB

TACCA0096EC

e E717-63

r E717-74
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

SOCKET
PIN No.

R10

DY8

R9

38.0 0.3
49.0 0.3

DY6

C1

32.00.5

R6
5

DY4

R1 to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

0.7

R5

31.0 0.5

DY3

450 10

A
G

10

R3
DY2

POTTING
COMPOUND

DY7

C1

DY6

DY5

DY4

22.40.2

DY3

DY2

DY1
K

R5

30

R3

0.7
4- 2.8

R2
R1

-HV (K)

11

R1

* "Wiring diagram at above applies when -HV is supplied."


To supply +HV,connect the pin "G" to+HV, and the pin
"K" to the GND. Refer to "(d) d-2" on page 91 for the
connection method.

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

11

R1 to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R4

R13

R2
DY1
K

C2

R8

R6

R4

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

C3

R9

R7

R7

DY5

R10
9

DY8

26.00.2

DY7

DY9

C2

R8

29.0 0.3

30.0 +0
-1

C3

14.00.5

SIGNAL
OUTPUT (A)
GND (G)

10
P

26.00.2

10
P

DY9

SOCKET
PIN No.

PMT

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U(BLACK)
POWER
SUPPLY GND
AWG22 (BLACK)

2.7

33.0 0.3

3.5

PMT

32.00.5

TACCA0277EA

TACCA0002EH

t E717-500

y E1761-04

3.5

PMT

PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.

10.6 0.2

49.0 0.3

29.0 0.3

DY9

DY8

DY7

DY6

R10

C3

R9

C2

R8

C1

0.7

41.0 0.5

R7
R6

31.0 0.5
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY5

DY4

P
DY8

DY7

38.0 0.3

SOCKET
PIN No.

R to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

10

R3
DY2

2
R2

DY1
K

C2

R9

C1

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG24 (BLACK)

R1 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R6

POTTING
COMPOUND

R4
R3
2
R2

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

R1
K
11

TACCA0241EC

94

R10

R7

DY1

R1
11

C3

R5

450 10

450 10

DY3

R11

R8

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R5

DY6

R4
POTTING
COMPOUND

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

10

50.0 0.5

33.0 0.3

-HV
AWG24 (VIOLET)
TACCA0019ED

u E1761-22

i E1761-05
SOCKET
PIN No.

PMT

SOCKET
PMT PIN No.

10.6 0.2

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

10.6 0.2

50.0 0.5

P
DY8

DY7

R10 C3
DY8

450 10

R9 C2

DY7

DY6

DY5

DY4

50.0 0.5

POTTING
COMPOUND

R8 C1
R7

R1 to R4 : 510 k
R5 to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R6

DY2

10

DY1

C3

R9

C2

R8

C1

8
R7

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

10

DY1

R6

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R5

DY3

R5

R4
R3
R2
R1

-H.V
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

11

DY6

POTTING
COMPOUND

450 10

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R10

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
POWER SUPPLY GND
AWG24 (BLACK)

R1 to R4 : 510 k
R5 to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R4
R3
R2
R1
K

-HV
AWG24
(VIOLET)

11

TACCA0208EB

TACCA0076EC

!0 E849-90
SOCKET PIN No.

12.6 0.5

DY10

DY9

R11

C3

R10

C2
C1

R9
12.4 0.5

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)

DY8

14.0 0.3

12.6 0.5

R11 C3

DY5

R6
POTTING
COMPOUND

DY9

R10 C2

10

DY4

R4
DY3

DY2

11

DY8

DY7

DY6

DY5

DY4

10

DY3

R8
R7

POTTING
COMPOUND

R1 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R6
R5
R4
R3

R3

DY2

11

DY1

13

R2

R2
1

DY1
K

R1 to R11: 330 k
C1 to C3: 10 nF

R9 C1

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R5

450 10

DY10

R7
DY6

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

12.4 0.5

DY7

SOCKET
PIN No.
6

R8

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

PMT

450 10

0.5MAX.
10 5

45.0 0.5

14.0 0.3

0.5 MAX.

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

45.0 0.5

PMT

10 5

o E849-35

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

R1
R1

-HV

13

AWG22 (VIOLET)

TACCA0077EC

TACCA0022EB

!1 E849-68

!2 E849-52
SOCKET
PIN No.

12.6 0.5

DY9

12.4 0.5

DY8

DY7

R10

C2

R9

C1

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)

R8
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY6

10

DY5

DY4

11

R5

R1: 1 M
R3: 510 k
R2, R4 to R11: 330 k
C1 to C3: 10 nF

R4
DY3

DY2

12

DY1
K

R3

R1

SOCKET
PIN No.
6

P
DY10

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR
R11

C3

R10

C2

R9

C1

12.6 0.5

DY9

12.4 0.5

DY8

8
R8

DY7

DY6

DY5

R7
R6

POTTING
COMPOUND

R5
DY4

10

DY3

DY2

11

DY1
K

R1: 680 k
R2 to R11: 330 k
C1 to C3: 10 nF

R4
R3
R2

R2

13

14.0 0.3

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R7
R6

POTTING
COMPOUND
450 10

C3

0.5 MAX.

R11
8

450 10

0.5 MAX.
10 5

45.0 0.5

P
DY10

10 5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

7
14.0 0.3

PMT

SIGNAL GND

45.0 0.5

PMT

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)
TACCA0210EB

R1
13

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR
TACCA0209EB

95

D-Type Socket Assemblies Dimensional Outlines and Diagrams (Unit: mm)


!4 E974-14

!3 E974-13
SOCKET
PIN No.
5

PMT
P

DY10

23.0 0.5
17.4 0.2

R11

C3

R10

C2

R9

C1

23.0 0.5

DY9

DY7

R12

DY10

17.4 0.2

DY8

SOCKET
PIN No. C5
5

PMT

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
POWER SUPPLY GND
AWG22 (BLACK)

C4

DY9

DY5

DY4

R6

DY8

DY7

DY6

DY5

DY4

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY2

10

450 10

450 10

DY3

DY2

10

R3

DY1

12

R6

R4

POTTING
COMPOUND

R3
R2

R2
DY1

12
R1

K
11

R1
: 510 k
R2 to R11 : 330 k
R12
: 100 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4 to C5 : 4.7 nF

R5

R4
DY3

C1

R7

R5

POTTING
COMPOUND

C2

R9

R8
R1
: 510 k
R2 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

47.5 1.0
43.0 0.5

47.5 1.0

43.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY6

C3

R10

R8
R7

R11

R1

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

POWER
SUPPLY GND
AWG22 (BLACK)

11

TACCA0099EB

TACCA0100EB

!6 E974-22

!5 E974-17
SOCKET
PIN No.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

P
23.0 0.5

DY10

17.4 0.2

DY9

R11

C3

R10

C2

R9
DY8

DY7

DY6

PMT

C1

R5
450 10

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY3

POTTING
COMPOUND

450 10

47.5 1.0

43.0 0.5

2
9

10

DY8

R9 C1

R1:680 k
R3:510 k
R2, R4 to R11:330 k
C1 to C3:10 nF

R8
DY7

DY6

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

10

DY1

12

R6

R3
R2
-HV
SHIELD CABLE(RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

R1

R2

12

DY1
K

R4

R3
DY2

DY9

R5

R4

POTTING
COMPOUND

R7
R1 : 510 k
R2 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R6

DY4

R11 C3

DY10

R10 C2

R7

DY5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U(BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

R8

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

SOCKET
PIN No.

21.0 0.2

40.0 0.5

PMT

R1

11

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

11

TACCA0212EB

!7 E2253-05
SOCKET
PIN No.

C3

R10

C2

DY6

DY5

DY4

DY3

R8
R7

C1

R1:1 M
R2:750 k
R3:560 k
R4, R6 to R11:330 k
R5:510 k
C1 to C3:10 nF

R6
POTTING
COMPOUND

0
0.2

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
C4

R12
P

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY2

10

DY1

12

11

DY7

DY6

C3

R10

C2

R9

C1

POTTING
COMPOUND

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

+HV
AWG22 (RED)

8
R8

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

10

DY1

12

R6

R4
R3
R2
R1

DY8

R11

R7

R5

R14

R13

R9
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

18.0

6.2

DY7

R11

SOCKET
PIN No. C5
5

65.0 0.5

DY8

450 10

18.6

0
0.4

PMT

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

55.0 0.5
6.2

TACCA0078EC

!8 E2253-08
PMT

450 10

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
+HV
AWG22 (RED)

R5

R1, R14: 1 M
R2: 750 k
R3: 560 k
R5: 510 k
R4, R6 to R12: 330 k
R13: 10 k
C1 to C3: 10 nF
C4, C5: 4.7 nF

R4
R3
R2
R1

K
11
TACCA0079EB

96

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)
TACCA0214EB

!9 E974-18

@0 E2924-11
PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.

PMT

R11

C3

DY10

R10

C2

R9

C1

DY9
DY8

DY7

10

DY9

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

10

R1 : 680 k
R2 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

DY7

DY6

12

R4

DY5

DY4

13

R1 to R4,R6 to R13 : 330 k


R5 : 510 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

DY3

DY2

14

DY1

R7
R6
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

28.0 0.5

R5
R4

R3

450 10

450 10

R5

R2
12

DY1
K

C1

R8

R6

POTTING
COMPOUND

C2

R11

R9

26.0 0.3

DY6

R12

R10

0.8

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R13

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
POWER SUPPLY GND
C3 AWG22 (BLACK)

11

R7

43.0 0.5

47.5 1.0

43.0 0.5

DY10

DY8

2- 3.5

R8

SOCKET
PIN No.
7

35.0 0.3

17.4 0.2

30.0 0.3

23.0 0.5

44.0 0.3

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

POTTING
COMPOUND

R2

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

R1
11

R3

R1

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

TACCA0213EB

@1 E2924

@2 E2924-500
P

35.0 0.3
R13
10

DY9

30.0 0.3

DY10

DY8

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
POWER SUPPLY GND
C3 AWG22 (BLACK)

R12

C2

R11

C1

26.0 0.3

DY6

12

R1 to R13 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R9

DY5

43.0 0.5

DY7

28.0 0.5
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

0.8

R7
DY4

13

DY3

DY2

14

R6
R5

450 10

R4
DY1

POTTING
COMPOUND

POTTING
COMPOUND

450 10

28.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

2- 3.5

R10
26.0 0.3

PMT SOCKET
PIN No.

11

R8
43.0 0.5

35.0 0.3

0.8

44.0 0.3

44.0 0.3

SOCKET
PIN No.
7

30.0 0.3

PMT

2- 3.5

TACCA0032EC

R13

DY10

10

DY9

DY8

11

DY7

DY6

12

DY5

DY4

13

DY3

DY2

14

DY1

C2

R11

C1

R10
R9
R8

R1 to R13: 330 k
C1 to C3: 10 nF
C4: 4.7 nF

R7
R6
R5
R4
R3

R2

C4
-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

R1

R3

C3

R12

R2
R1

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

TACCA0032EC

@4 E990-07

@3 E2924-05

7
P

DY10
DY9
DY8

C5
R11

C3

R10

C2

R9

C1

10
6

DY7

12

0.8

43.0 0.5

2- 3.5

DY10

DY5

R6
R5
DY4

13

DY3

DY2

14

450 10

450 10

C1

5
R9

26.0 0.3

DY7

DY6

10

R7

R1 to R12 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R6

28.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY5

DY4

11

DY3

DY2

12

DY1

14

R5
R4

R2
DY1

C2

R10

R8
R1, R12 : 1 M
R2 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4, C5 : 4.7 nF

R4

2
R1

C3

R11
8

R3

POTTING
COMPOUND

R12

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
POWER SUPPLY GND
AWG22 (BLACK)

DY8

DY6

28.0 0.5

DY11

DY9

R7

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

7
P

11
R8

26.0 0.3

35.0 0.3

SOCKET
PIN No.

30.0 0.3

R12

PMT

44.0 0.3

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
+HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
POWER SUPPLY GND

0.8

35.0 0.3

30.0 0.3

SOCKET
PIN No. C4

43.0 0.5

PMT

44.0 0.3

2- 3.5

TACCA0081EC

POTTING
COMPOUND

R3
R2
R1

13

* High voltage shielded cable can be connected to


a connector for RG-174/U.
TACCA0102EA

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)
TACCA0101EB

97

D-Type Socket Assemblies Dimensional Outlines and Diagrams (Unit: mm)


@5 E990-08

@6 E990-501
44.0 0.3

44.0 0.3

35.0 0.3

SOCKET
PIN No.

PMT

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

7
30.0 0.3

C4
R13

DY11

DY10

DY9

DY8

C5
R12
R11

2- 3.5

DY11

C1

26.0 0.3

28.0 0.5

DY9

DY4

11

DY3

DY2

12

DY1

14

R6

DY7

DY6

10

DY5

DY4

11

DY3

DY2

12

DY1

14

0.8

R1 to R12 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

28.0 0.5

R6

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R5

R4
450 10

DY8

R7

R5

R3

POTTING
COMPOUND

C1

10

DY5

C2

R10

R8

R4

POTTING
COMPOUND

450 10

53.0 0.5

R7

: 330 k
: 1 M
: 10 nF
: 4.7 nF

43.0 0.5

7
0.8

R1 to R12
R13
C1 to C3
C4, C5

DY6

C3

R11

R9

R8

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R12
6

DY10

2- 3.5

R9

DY7

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

C2

R10

26.0 0.3

SOCKET
PIN No.
7

+HV
AWG22 (RED)

C3

PMT

30.0 0.3

35.0 0.3

R3
R2

R2

R1

R1

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

13

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)

13

TACCA0103EB

@7 E2624

TACCA0243EA

@8 E2624-05
PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.

44.0 0.3

SIGNAL GND

DY9

30.0 0.3

DY10

R17

R14

C3

R16

R13

C2

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)

35.0 0.3

DY8

SOCKET
PIN No.
7

C1

R12

R15

44.0 0.3

30.0 0.3

35.0 0.3

PMT

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

DY10

DY9

DY8

R15

C5

R14

C3

R17

R13

C2

R16

R12

C1

DY6

10

DY5

R1 to R5, R7 to R14 : 330 k


R6 : 510 k
R15 to R17 : 51
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 4.7 nF

R10

DY3

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R6

DY6

10

DY5

DY4

11

DY3

DY2

12

DY1

14

R8
R7
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R6

14

DY1

R5

450 10

450 10

R5
POTTING
COMPOUND

R4

POTTING
COMPOUND

R4

R3

R3

R2

R2

R1

R1 to R5, R7 to R15 : 330 k


R6 : 510 k
R16 to R18 : 51
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4, C5 : 4.7 nF

R10
R9

28.0 0.5

12

DY2

DY7
26.0 0.3

7
C4

11
R7

28.0 0.5

2- 3.5

43.0 0.5

R8

0.8

43.0 0.5

R9

DY4

R1

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

13

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)

13

TACCA0216EB

@9 E2624-14

#0 E990-500
44.0 0.3

35.0 0.3

35.0 0.3

POTTING
COMPOUND

DY9

DY8

DY7

DY6

10

DY5

DY4

11

DY3

DY2

12

DY1
K

14

R13 R10

C2

R12 R9

C1

R8

R1:
R3:
R2, R4 to R11:
R12 to R14:
C1 to C3:
C4:

1320 k
510 k
330 k
51
10 nF
4.7 nF

R7
R6
R5

DY10
DY9

C2

R11

C1

8
5

26.0 0.3

DY8

DY7

DY6

10

DY5

DY4

11

DY3

DY2

12

DY1

14

R9

R1 to R13 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 4.7 nF

R8
R7
28.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R6
R5

R2
-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

POTTING
COMPOUND

R4
R3
R2
R1

K
13

TACCA0082EC

98

C3

R12

R10

R3

R1

R13
6

2- 3.5

R4

C4
13

DY11

43.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY10

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

C3

450 10

0.8

26.0 0.3

R14 R11

SOCKET
PIN No.

30.0 0.3

2- 3.5

43.0 0.5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

PMT

0.8

30.0 0.3

PMT SOCKET
PIN No.

450 10

TACCA0217EC

44.0 0.3

28.0 0.5

+HV
AWG22 (RED)

R11

0.8

DY7
26.0 0.3

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

R18

R11
2- 3.5

SIGNAL GND

C4

C4
-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR
TACCA0244EA

#1 E990-29

#2 E2183-500

44.0 0.3
35.0 0.3

PMT SOCKET
PIN No.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

30.0 0.3

R11 C3
8

34.0 0.3

DY9

8.2

DY7

26.0 0.3

9
5

R1 : 1 M
R2 to R6,R8 to R11 : 330 k
R7 : 510 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R7
DY5

10

DY4

0.8

R6

DY8
DY7

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

12
2

DY1

13

R2
G

R1
: 10 k
R2 to R13 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4
: 4.7 nF

DY6

DY5

DY4

10

DY3

DY2

11

DY1

R6
R5
R4

R1

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

14

C1

R7
POTTING
COMPOUND

R4
R3

POTTING
COMPOUND

C2

R11

R8

450 10

450 10

28.0 0.5

DY3
DY2

C3

R12

R9

R5
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R13

R10

40.0 0.5

R8

SIGNAL OUTOPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

R9 C1
DY6

43.0 0.5

P
DY10

52.0 0.5

R10 C2
DY8

2- 3.5

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)

P
DY9

SOCKET
PIN No.
6

PMT

SIGNAL GND

R3

C4

R2

R1

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

12
TACCA0215EB

#3 E2183-502

#4 E1198-26
PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.
6

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR

C6

R13

52.0 0.5
34.0 0.3

P
DY10

DY9

DY8

8.2

C5

R12

C3

R11

C2

R10

DY7

C1

DY7

DY6

DY5

64.0 0.3

DY5

10
2

R1: 10 k
R2, R3: 680 k
R4 to R11: 330 k
C1 to C3: 10 nF
C4: 4.7 nF

DY4

DY3

DY2

DY1

1
R3

R2

C4

13

R2

450 10

R1
-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)

14
* The housing is internally connected to
the GND.
** High voltage shielded cable can be
connected to a connector for RG-174/U.

R1

C1

R4
HOUSING
(METAL)

11
R3

DY1

C2

R9

10

R5

R4
DY2

C3

R10

R6

R5
DY3

R11
11

R7

56.0 0.3

38.0 0.5

450 10

DY4

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

R8

R7
R6

POTTING
COMPOUND

DY6

R1 to R12 : 330 k
: 1 M
R13
C1, C5, C6 : 4.7 nF
C2 to C4 : 10 nF

SOCKET
PIN No.
12

P
DY8

R8
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

PMT

+HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

C4

R9

40.0 0.5

TACCA0166EC

12

POWER SUPPLY
GND

TACCA0167EB

#5 E1198-27

TACCA0224EC

#6 E1198-05

PMT

PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.
12

R13

SIGNAL GND

C4
R12

P
DY8
DY7

R10

C3

+HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)

R9

C2

POWER SUPPLY
GND

R8

C1

11
10

DY6

DY5

6
5

DY3

DY2

DY1

R3
HOUSING
(METAL)

R1 to R2 : 680 k
R3 to R11 : 330 k
R12 : 10 k
R13 : 1 M
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4, C5 : 4.7 nF

R2
G

13
R1

C3

R9

C2

R8

C1

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)

DY5

DY4

DY3

R5
R4

450 10

38.0 0.5
450 10

R4

DY7

R10

R6

56.0 0.3

R5

64.0 0.3

38.0 0.5

DY4

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

R7

R6

56.0 0.3

DY8

DY6

R7

64.0 0.3

SIGNAL GND

11

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

C5
R11

SOCKET
PIN No.

14

DY2

DY1

C4

R1 to R10 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 4.7 nF

R3
HOUSING
(METAL)

R2
G
K

13
R1
14

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

* The housing is internally


connected to the GND.

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** High voltage shielded cable can be connected to
a connector for RG-174/U.

TACCA0225EB

TACCA0221EB

99

D-Type Socket Assemblies Dimensional Outlines and Diagrams (Unit: mm)


#7 E1198-20

#8 E1198-07
PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.
11

SIGNAL GND

DY7

DY6

DY5

R10

C3

+HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)

DY10

10

R9

C2

POWER SUPPLY
GND

DY9

C1

R8

DY8

DY4

4
3

DY2

DY1

1
R2

450 10

C1

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

DY1

C4

R1 : 680 k
R2 to R11 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 4.7 nF

R2

450 10

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** High voltage shielded cable can be connected to
a connector for RG-174/U.

DY6

R3
HOUSING
(METAL)

R1
14

DY7

R4

13

C2

R9

R5
38.0 0.5

38.0 0.5

R3

R10

POWER SUPPLY GND


AWG22 (BLACK)

R6

R4

HOUSING
(METAL)

C3

56.0 0.3

R1 to R11: 330 k
C1 to C3: 10 nF
C4, C5: 4.7 nF

R5
DY3

R11

R7

64.0 0.3

R6

56.0 0.3

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

R8

R7
64.0 0.3

SIGNAL GND

C4

R11
P
DY8

SOCKET
PIN No.
11

PMT

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

C5

R1

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

14
* The housing is internally
connected to the GND.

TACCA0220EC

TACCA0223EB

#9 E2979-500

$0 E1198-23

62.0 0.5

PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

10

MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

DY11

DY10

12

DY9

DY8

13

DY7

DY6

3-M2

11

R16
R20 R15

DY4

15

DY3

DY2

17

DY1
G2
ACC
G1
K

C7

P
DY10

C10

C6

C9

R19 R14
R13

C5

C8

R12
R11

C3

C11

C4

R1: 10 k
R2, R5: 240 k
R3, R7 to R12, R18: 200 k
R4, R6: 360 k
R13 to R17: 300 k
R19 to R21: 51
C1: 470 pF
C2 to C8, C11: 10 nF
C9: 22 nF
C10: 33 nF

C2

R10

14

DY5

HOUSING
(METAL)

R18
R21 R17

R9
R8
R7
R6
R5
R4
R3
R2

19
20

C1
R1

SIG

-H.V

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

-HV
SHV CONNECTOR

C5

R12

C3

R11

C2

R10

C1

C4 R14

POWER SUPPLY GND

10

DY9

DY8

DY7

DY6

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

DY1

R8

64.0 0.3
56.0 0.3

R1 to R12
R13
R14
C1 to C4
C5, C6

R7
R6

R4
HOUSING
(METAL)

R3
R2
13

G
K

R1
14

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** High voltage shielded cable can be connected to
a connector for RG-174/U.

TACCA0093EB

$1 E1198-22

TACCA0169EC

$2 E6316
PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.
11

P
DY10

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
R13

PMT SOCKET
PIN No.

C3

DY9

DY8

DY7

P
R12

C2

R11

C1

DY10

64.0 0.5

DY9
DY8

64.0 0.3

DY5

: 10 k
R1
R2 to R13 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
: 4.7 nF
C4

R8

56.0 0.3

R7
DY4

51.5 0.5

R9
DY6

4
3

DY2

3-M3
THREADED HOLES
FOR INSTALLATION
OF MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

DY7

HOUSING
(METAL)

R5
HOUSING
(METAL)

DY1

R3

C4

R2

R1

13
14

* The housing is internally connected to


the GND.
** High voltage shielded cable can be
connected to a connector for RG-174/U.

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
POWER SUPPLY GND

TACCA0168EB

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

C5

R12

C3

R11
9
R10

C2

10

8
7
6

DY5

DY4

DY3

DY2

1
SIG

G
K

SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

R13

DY6

DY1
G

R4

1
13
14

C4

R14

+HV
SHV CONNECTOR

C1

R9
R8
R7
R6
R5
R4
R3
R2
R1

R1 to R12: 330 k
R13: 1 M
R14: 10 k
C1 to C4: 10 nF
C5, C6: 4.7 nF

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** Magnetic shield case is sold separately.

+H.V

450 10

38.0 0.5

R6
DY3

C6

11

10

R10

100

: 330 k
: 1 M
: 10 k
: 10 nF
: 4.7 nF

R5

* The housing is internally


connected to the GND.

-HV
: SHV-R

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
+HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)

C6

R9

38.0 0.5

DY12

11

82.0 0.5

164.0 0.5

SOCKET
PIN No.
11

R13

450 10

PMT

+HV
: SHV-R

TACCA0226EC

$3 E6316-01

$4 E5859-05
PMT

SOCKET
PIN No.
11

DY10

10

DY9

DY8

64.0 0.5

R13

C3

R12

C2

R11

C1

51.5 0.5

DY7

HOUSING
(METAL)

DY4

DY3

DY2

R1 : 10 k
R2 to R13 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 4.7 nF

7
R9

DY6

DY5

R24

R8

58.0 0.5

DY11

51.0 0.4

DY10

12

DY9

DY8
DY7

13

DY6
DY5

14

DY4
DY3

15

DY2
DY1
G

16

3-M2
THREADED HOLES
FOR INSTALLATION
OF MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

R7

R22

HOUSING (METAL)

DY1
-H.V

SIG

1
R3

C4

R2

R1

13

K
14

SIG

-HV
SHV CONNECTOR

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
:BNC-R

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** Magnetic shield case is sold separately.

-HV
:SHV-R

R14
R13
R12

R11

R9
R8
R7

$5 E5859-19
SOCKET
PIN No.

PMT

P
R24

C1
-HV
SHV CONNECTOR

TACCA0219EC

DY8

12

3-M2
THREADED HOLES
FOR INSTALLATION
OF MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

DY7

DY6

13

HOUSING (METAL)

DY5

12.5 9

R26 R20
R19
R25 R18

C3

58.0 0.5

DY11

51.0 0.4

DY10

12

DY9

DY8
DY7

13

R15
R14
R13
R12
R11

DY6
DY5

14

R21

R1 : 10 k
R2 to R11, R20 : 220 k
R12, R13 : 0
R14 to R19, R21 to R24 : 110 k
R25 : 51
R26, R27 : 100
C1 : 0.47 nF
C2, C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 22 nF

3-M2
THREADED HOLES
FOR INSTALLATION
OF MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE
HOUSING (METAL)

R10
60.0 0.5

15

DY3

DY2

16

DY1

60.0 0.5

R6
R5
R4
R3
R2

21

C1
R1

-HV
SHV CONNECTOR

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** Magnetic shield case is sold separately.

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
:BNC-R

SIG

R9
R8
R7

-H.V

SIG

-H.V

-HV
:SHV-R

DY4

-HV
:SHV-R

R17
R16
R15
R14

R10

DY2
DY1
G

R9
R8
R7

16
1
17

21

C4
R1 : 10 k
R2, R12, R16
R17, R20, R21 : 180 k
R3, R13, R18, R19
R22 to R24 : 226 k
R4, R5, R7, R8 : 121 k
R6, R9 to R11 : 150 k
R14, R15
R25 : 51
R26, R27 : 100
C1 : 470 pF
C2 : 22 nF
C3 : 47 nF
C4 : 0.1 F
C5 to C7 : 0.22 F

C3
C2

R11

15
2

C5

R13
R12

DY4
DY3

C7

R6
R5
R4
R3
R2

C1
R1

-HV
SHV CONNECTOR

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** Magnetic shield case is sold separately.
TACCA0305EA

TACCA0176ED

$8 E5859-03

$7 E5859-01

PMT

DY11

51.0 0.4

DY10

3-M2
THREADED HOLES
FOR INSTALLATION
OF MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE
HOUSING (METAL)

60.0 0.5

DY9
DY8
DY7
DY6
DY5
SH
DY4
DY3
DY2
DY1
G

R9
R8
R7
R6
R5
R4
R3
R2

16
1
17

C6
R24

C3

DY12

C2
R1 : 10 k
R2 to R6,R9 to R13 : 220 k
R7,R8 : 154 k
R14 to R21,R23,R24 : 110 k
R22 : 0
R25 : 51
R26,R27 : 100
C1 : 470 pF
C2,C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 22 nF

DY11
DY10
3-M2
THREADED HOLES
FOR INSTALLATION
OF MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE
HOUSING (METAL)

60.0 0.5

C1
R1

R27 R22

-HV
SHV CONNECTOR

* The housing is internally connected to


the GND.
** Magnetic shield case is sold separately.

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
:BNC-R

+HV
:SHV-R

TACCA0178EC

6
12

R26 R19
R18
R25 R17

C9

DY8
DY7

13

DY6
DY5

14

SH
DY4
DY3

10

R9

15

DY2
DY1
G

R8
R7
R6

16

1
17

21

C2
C8
C1

C7

R16
R15

DY9

+HV
SHV CONNECTOR

R21
R20

51.0 0.4

C3

58.0 0.5

SIG

21

R29
SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

C4

R23

+H.V

SIG

-H.V

-HV
:SHV-R

R10

15

C5

C4

10

R28

12.5 9

58.0 0.5

R24
R27 R23
8
R22
R21
R26 R20
6
R19
R25 R18
12
R17
R16
5
R15
R14
13
R13
4
R12
14
R11

SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

DY12

SOCKET
PIN No.
7

SOCKET
PIN No.

55.0 0.5

PMT

12.5 9

R26 R20
R19
R25 R18

10

SH

C6

R22

CASE GND

C2

R17
R16

R27 R23

DY12

12.5 9

55.0 0.5

DY9

51 0.4

R24

C4

R22

SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

R21
58.0 0.5

SOCKET
PIN No.

R27 R23

DY10

55.0 0.5

21

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** Magnetic shield case is sold separately.

SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

55.0 0.5

$6 E5859
PMT

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
:BNC-R

R6
R5
R4
R3
R2

1
17

R1

TACCA0245EB

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
:BNC-R

R1 : 10 k
R2 to R5,R8 to R13 : 220 k
R6 : 560 k
R7,R14 to R21,R23,R24 : 110 k
R22,R25 to R27 : 0
C1 : 470 pF
C2,C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 22 nF

R15

R10
60.0 0.5

-H.V

-HV
: SHV-R

C2

R17
R16

R4

C3

R26 R20
R19
R25 R18

R6
R5

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: BNC-R

C4

R27 R23

DY12

R21

R10
3-M3
THREADED HOLES
FOR INSTALLATION
OF MAGNETIC
SHIELD CASE

SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

12.5 9

SOCKET
PIN No.

55.0 0.5

PMT

R14
R13
R12
R11
R10

R5
R4
R3
R2
R1

R1 to R5,R8 to R12 : 220 k


R6, R7 : 154 k
R13 to R20, R22, R23 : 110 k
R21 : 0
R24 : 10 k
R25 : 51
R26, R27 : 100
R28 : 100 k
R29 : 1 M
C1, C2 : 10 nF
C3 : 22 nF
C4, C5 : 2.2 nF
C6 : 470 pF
C7 to C9 : 4.7 nF

* The housing is internally connected to the GND.


** Magnetic shield case is sold separately.

TACCA0218EE

101

D-Type Socket Assemblies Dimensional Outlines and Diagrams (Unit: mm)


$9 E1435-02

%0 E7693
SOCKET
PIN No.
6

PMT

DY9

R11

C2

R10

C1

DY14
74.0 0.5

R9
DY7

DY6

R1 to R12 : 330 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
C4 : 4.7 nF

36.0 0.5

R8

C4

10
R6

HOUSING
(METAL)

DY4

R5

HOUSING
(METAL)

11

DY3

15

DY2

R3
12

DY1

R2
14
SIG

13
* The housing is internally connected to
the GND.
** High voltage shielded cable can be
connected to a connector for RG-174/U.

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)

R18

C5

R20

R17

C4

R19

R16

C3

R15

C2

R14

C1

13

R1 : 10 k
R2, R18 : 240 k
R3 : 360 k
R4 : 390 k
R5 : 120 k
R6 : 180 k
R7 to R14 : 100 k
R15, R16 : 150 k
R17 : 300 k
R19 : 51
R20, R21 : 100
C1 : 22 nF
C2 : 47 nF
C3 : 100 nF
C4 : 220 nF
C5 : 470 nF
C6 : 470 pF

R13

DY9

DY8

14

DY7

DY6

15

DY5

DY4

16

DY3

DY2

17

DY1

R12
R11
R10
R9
R8
R7
R6
R5
R4
R3

C6

R2

R1

19
20

-HV
SHV CONNECTOR

-HV
: SHV-R

TACCA0246EB

TACCA0227EC

%2 E5996

DY10
DY9

C3

R10

C2

R9

C1

DY9

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

DY8

7
3

DY6

DY5

DY4

R8

+0.5
24 - 0

DY10

DY7

R11

C3

R13

R10

C2

R12

R9

C1

23

DY8

22

DY7

21

DY6

20

DY5

19

DY4

DY3

R1 to R10 : 330 k
R11 : 160 k
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

DY2

DY1

R6

450 10

R5
R4

R5
R4

+20
450 - 0

R3
DY2

R3

10
R2

DY1

R2

11
R1

R1 to R3 : 330 k
R4 to R11 : 220 k
R12 to R14 : 51
R15 : 1 M
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R7
POTTING
COMPOUND

R6

DY3

R14
24

R8

R7
HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

15.0 0.5

+0.5

17.5 - 0

R11

POWER SUPPLY
GND
AWG22 (BLACK)

SOCKET
PIN No.
30

PIN No.1

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

P
GUIDE MARK

PMT

30.0 0.5

SIGNAL GND

SOCKET
PIN No.
5

30.0 0.5

PMT

0.5

DY11

SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC CONNECTOR

R21

* The housing is internally


connected to the GND.

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
(BNC-R)

POWER SUPPLY GND

%1 E10679

12

R1

-H.V

G
K

DY12

G1 G2

450 10

R4
POTTING
COMPOUND

11

DY13

DY10

R7
DY5

SOCKET
PIN No.
10

DY8

40.0 0.5

PMT

C3

R12

100 0.5

52.0 0.5

P
DY10

SIGNAL GND
SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

-HV
AWG22 (VIOLET)

12

R1

R15

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)

POWER SUPPLY GND

10

* High voltage shielded cable can be


connected to a connector for RG-174/U.

TACCA0234EC

TACCA0299EB

%3 E7083
SOCKET
PIN No.

SIGNAL GND

27

P4

15

P3

SIGNAL OUTPUT
P2 0.8D-QEV (GRAY)
P1

31

DY10

POTTING
COMPOUND

R14

R11

C3

R13

R10

C2

R9

C1

24

DY9

23

DY8

22

R12

450 10

450 10 15.0 0.5

P4 P3 P2 P1

15.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R8
DY7

21

DY6

20

R7
R6
DY5

19

POTTING
COMPUND

P3

POTTING
COMPOUND

R1 to R3 : 330 k
R4 to R11 : 220 k
R12 to R14 : 51
R15 : 1 M
C1 to C3 : 10 nF
P3

DY3

-HV
SHIELD CABLE
(RED)

P2

DY2

P4

P1 to P4 : SIGNAL OUTPUT
COAXIAL CABLE (GRAY)

P13

P11

P9

P4

P7 P5

P6

P8

P10

P12

R2
K

DY1

GUIDE MARK

R15

R1

* High voltage shielded cable can be connected to


a connector for RG-174/U.

DY10

26

DY9

10

DY8

24

DY7

DY6

DY5

R3

GUIDE MARK

P15
-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
POWER SUPPLY GND
TACCA0162ED

102

P1

R4
-HV
SHIELD CABLE
(RED)

P1

DY4

SIGNAL GND

28
29
27
3
23
4
22
5
21
6
20
7
19
11
13
12

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R5
P2

SOCKET
PIN No.

PMT

P16

P8

SIGNAL OUTPUT
0.8D-QEV (GRAY)

P1

P16
P15
P14
P13
P12
P11
P10
P9
P8
P7
P6
P5
P4
P3
P2
P1

11

30.0 0.5

Pin No.1

30.0 0.5

PMT

30.0 0.5

30.0 0.5

PIN No.1

%4 E6736

P16

P14

P1 to P16 : SIGNAL OUTPUT


COAXIAL CABLE (GRAY)

R14 R11

C3

R13 R10

C2

R12 R9

C1

R8

R1 to R11 : 220 k
R12 to R14 : 51
R15 : 1 M
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R7
R6
18
R5

DY4

31

DY3

15

DY2

32

DY1

16

R4
R3
R2
R15 R1
17

* High voltage shielded cable can be


connected to a connector for RG-174/U.

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
POWER SUPPLY GND

TACCA0158ED

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)

25.4 0.5
PIN No.1

C1

DY7

21

R9
R1, R12 : 110 k
R2 : 330 k
R3 : 430 k
R4 to R11 : 220 k
R13 to R15 : 51
R16 : 1 M
C1 to C3 : 10 nF

R8
DY6

20

DY5

19

R7

POTTING
COMPOUND
450 10

R6
DY4

DY3

DY2

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

5.08

4-M2

21

DY8

20

DY7

19

DY6

14

DY5

12

DY4

DY3

DY2

R7

R5
R4

19.5

R3
4

DY1

R2
G
K

1
R16 R1
3

TACCA0298EB

%8 E6133-04

PX6

25.4 0.5

PX5
PY5
PX4

15.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

PY4

PY3
PX2

PX6

24

PY6

15

PX5

PX1
PY1

10

22.0 0.5

DY14

11
8

DY13

PY4

DY12

12

DY11

DY10

13

PX3

20

PY3

11

PX2

10

PX1

13

PY1

DY10

27

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
: COAXIAL
CABLE
(GRAY)

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)
POTTING
COMPOUND

PY2

R16 R12

C3
C2

DY9

DY8

14

DY7

DY6

15

DY5

DY4

16

DY3

DY2

17

DY1

28

DY7

R10
R9
DY6

29

DY5

DY4

30

DY3

DY2

31

R8

R18

C5

R23

R17

C4

R22

R16

C3

R15

C2

R14

C1

R13
R12
R11
R10

SIGNAL OUTPUT
RG-174/U (BLACK)
BNC CONNECTOR
+HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)
SHV CONNECTOR

R1 : 10 k
R2 to R18 : 330 M
R19 : 100 k
R20, R21 : 1 M
R22 to R24 : 51
C1 to C5 : 10 nF
C6, C7 : 4.7 nF

R9
R8
R7
R6
R5
R4

DY8

C7
R1

R24

C1
R21

R11

GUIDE MARK

DY15

22

PY2
PY3

24.0 0.5

PX4

DY11

PY1 PX4
PX5
PX3
PX6

R19

PY5

R17 R13

PX2

SOCKET
R20
PIN No. C6

14

R18 R14

DY9

PMT

23

19

PY2

450 10

SIGNAL GND

16

12

PX3
POTTING
COMPOUND

SOCKET
PIN No.

55.0 0.5

PMT

25.4 0.5

PY6

PX1
-H.V
: SHIELD
CABLE (RED)

-HV
TACCA0297EB

450 10

PIN No. 1

R1, R4 : 110 k
R2, R3 : 330 k
R5 to R15 : 180 k
R16 : 1 M
R17 to R19 : 51
R20 : 10 k
C1 to C4 : 10 nF

R6

POWER SUPPLY GND

%7 E7514

C1

R8

-HV
SHIELD CABLE (RED)

* High voltage shielded cable can be


connected to a connector for RG-174/U.

C2

R17 R13

R9

DY12 OUTPUT

R18 R14

R10

ANODE OUTPUT
PIN ( 0.64)
GND
GND

-HV

R1

R16

22

DY9

5.08

P2 P3

7.62
5.08

R2
1

G
K

DY10

2.54 3=7.62

GND

23

C3

R12

R4

DY1

DY11

R19 R15

R11

R5

R3

DY12

19.5

R10

P4
P8
P12
P16

R13

GND

22

P14 P15

23

DY8

21.0 0.5

DY9

GND
GND

R20
C4
24

DY
OUT

C2

-HV

C3

R11

P1
P5
P9
P13

R12

R14

5.5

15.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

R15
24

P1 28
P2 29
P3 30
P4 31
P5 39
P6 40
P7 41
P8 32
P9 38
P10 43
P11 42
P12 33
P13 37
P14 36
P15 35
P16 34

P
DY10

DY12
OUTPUT

ANODE OUTPUT

SIGNAL GND

SOCKET
PIN No.
31

PMT

25.4 0.5

25.4 0.5

25.4 0.5

PIN No.1

%6 E9349
P1
P2
P3
P4
P5
P6
P7
P8
P9
P10
P11
P12
P13
P14
P15
P16

%5 E10411

K
R1, R14: 110 k
R2: 330 k
R3 to R13: 220 k
R15: 1 M
R16 to R18: 51
C1 to C3: 10 nF

R3
R2

TACCA0248EA

R7

PY4
PY5
PY6

R6
R5
R4

PX1 to PX6
PY1 to PY6: SIGNAL OUTPUT
COAXIAL CABLE (GRAY)

R3
DY1
G
K

R2
1

R15

R1

32

* High voltage shielded cable can be


connected to a connector for RG-174/U.

-H.V
SHIELD
CABLE (RED)
POWER
SUPPLY GND

TACCA0236ED

103

DA-Type Socket Assemblies


DA-TYPE SOCKET ASSEMBLIES C7246 SERIES, C7247 SERIES
The C7246 and C7247 series are DA type socket assemblies designed for 28 mm (1-1/8 inch) diameter side-on and head-on photomultiplier tubes. A voltage-divider circuit and an amplifier are incorporated in the same package.
The C7247 series uses an amplifier with a wide bandwidth of DC to 5 MHz, while the C7246 uses an amplifier with a practical
bandwidth of DC to 20 kHz to improve the effective S/N ratio. The photomultiplier tube low-level, high-impedance current can be
converted into a low-impedance voltage output.
Both the C7246 and C7247 series use an active voltage-divider circuit that ensures excellent DC linearity at low power consumption. The C7246 series also has a PMT gain adjustment function that does not affect amplifier frequency bandwidth.

Specifications
Parameter

C7246/C7246-22
C7246-01/C7246-23 C7247/C7247-22
C7247-01/C7247-23
28 mm Dia. Head-on
28 mm Dia. Head-on
R374, R2228, R5929 28 mm Dia. Side-on R374, R2228, R5929 28 mm Dia. Side-on
R6094, R6095, etc.
R6094, R6095, etc.

Applicable PMTs

Unit

MAXIMUM RATINGS
Parameter
Supply Voltage for Amplifier
Supply Voltage for Divider
Operating Ambient Temperature
Storage Temperature

C7246/C7246-22

C7246-01/C7246-23 C7247/C7247-22
18
-1500
0 to +40
-15 to +60

C7247-01/C7247-23

Unit
V
V
C
C

C7247/C7247-22
C7247-01/C7247-23
DC to 5 MHz
0.15 (at load resistance 50 )
3 (at load resistance 50 )
60
50
3
4.5 (at load resistance 50 )

12 to 15

Unit

V/A
V
mA

mV
mV
dB
V

GENERAL
Parameter
Frequency Bandwidth (-3 dB)
Current to Voltage Conversion Factor
Maximum Output Signal Voltage
Maximum Output Signal Current
Output Impedance
Max.
Offset Voltage
Output Noise Voltage (rms) Typ.
PMT Gain Adjustable Range Min.
Supply Voltage for Amplifier
Supply Current for Amplifier
Max.
(at 15 V)
Recommended
Supply Voltage for Divider
Divider Current

Typ.

Weight

Typ.

C7246/C7246-22
C7246-01/C7246-23
DC to 20 kHz
0.3 (at load resistance 10 k)
10 (at load resistance 10 k)
18
50
1
0.09 (at load resistance 10 k)
10
30
12 to 15

mA

+140 / -50

+20 / -0.53
-400 to -1000 A

-300 to -1000 A

-400 to -900

-300 to -600

174
(at HV = -1000 V)
55 / 170

211
(at HV = -1000 V)
50 / 170

219
(at HV = -900 V)
55 / 170

166
(at HV = -600 V)
50 / 170

A
g

NOTE: A If the output signal voltage is 3 V or higher (with 10 k load), the divider circuit input voltage should be -600 V or higher. (C7246/-01/-22/-23)

Circuit Diagrams
C7246 (-01B/-22/-23B)

C7247 (-01B/-22/-23B)

DY1 DY2 DY3 DY4 DY5 DY6 DY7 DY8

DY9

DY10

DY11
50

C1

C2

C3

C4

ACTIVE VOLTAGE DIVIDER

SIGNAL
OUTPUT

DY1 DY2 DY3 DY4 DY5 DY6 DY7 DY8

DY9

DY10

DY11
50

AMP

C1

C2

C3

C4

AMP

ACTIVE VOLTAGE DIVIDER

C1, C2 : 10 nF
C3 : 22 nF
C4 : 47 nF

SIGNAL
OUTPUT

C1, C2 : 10 nF
C3 : 22 nF
C4 : 47 nF

VR = 5 M
* PMT GAIN ADJ. CIRCUIT

-HV

* PATENT

NOTE: BC7247-01/-23 are for 28 mm side-on PMT so that the last dynode number is "DY9"
-HV
NOTE: BC7246-01/-23 are for 28 mm side-on PMT so that the last dynode number is "DY9"
TACCC0103EC

104

TACCC0115EB

Frequency Response of Built-in Amplifier


C7246/-01/-22/-23

C7247/-01/-22/-23
TACCB0065EA

10

0
-3dB
-5

-10

-15

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

TACCB0046EB

10

0
-3dB
-5

-10

-15

-20
0.1

10

100

1000

-20
0.01

0.1

FREQUENCY (kHz)

10

100

FREQUENCY (MHz)

Dimensional Outlines (Unit : mm)


C7246-01/-23, C7247-01/-23
[BOTTOM VIEW]
C7246/-22

49.0 0.3
10.5

10.5

C7247-01/-23
31.7 0.3
HOUSING
(METAL)
10.5

TACCA0175EF

Input/output
-HV
C7246/-01
Signal Output
C7247/-01
15 V
-HV
C7246-22/-23
Signal Output
C7247-22/-23
15 V

8.5

4
C7247/-22
HOUSING
(METAL)

10.5
Type No.

1)
POT (VR)

29.0 0.3
37.7 0.5
0.7

40.0 0.5

38.0 0.3

1)
POT (VR)
8.5

GAIN ADJ.

25.2

[BOTTOM VIEW]
C7246-01/-23

GAIN ADJ.

31.7 0.3

33.0 0.3
3.5

C7246/-22, C7247/-22

TACCA0197ED

Cable Type
Cable Length Connector
COAXIAL CABLE 2) (RED)

COAXIAL CABLE: RG-174/U (BLACK) 450 10

TWISTED PAIR CABLE WITH SHIELD 3) (GRAY)


SHV-P
COAXIAL CABLE (RED)
BNC-P
COAXIAL CABLE: RG-174/U (BLACK) 1500 25
TWISTED PAIR CABLE WITH SHIELD (GRAY)
DIN (6 PIN)-P

NOTES: 1) Turning this pot clockwise decreases the PMT gain. (25 turns max.)
2) At the end of HV cable, it's possible to attach SHV connector fitting RG-174/U.
3) Connect as follow.
WHITE........ -15 V
ORANGE.... +15 V
SHIELD....... GND

* See page 123 for details on flanges and housing.

105

DP-Type Socket Assemblies


HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY SOCKET ASSEMBLY
C6270, C9028-01, C9773, C8991, C10344-03 (DP Type)
C6270, C9028 and C9773 are high voltage power supply socket assemblies, incorporating a regulated high voltage power supply
and an active voltage divider. It enables simple yet stable photomultiplier tube operations with extended DC output linearity by only
supplying +15 V and connecting to a potentiometer or a 0 V to +5 V for high voltage adjustments.
The C8991 and C10344-03 use a Cockcroft-Walton type high voltage power supply that ensures high output linearity of photomultiplier tube while maintaining low power consumption.

Features (C6270, C9028-01, C9773)

Features (C8991, C10344-03)

Active Voltage Divider


Superior DC Output Linearity
Fast High Voltage Programming Response
Wide High Voltage Output Range
Low Ripple / Noise

Cockcroft-Walton Circuit
Low Power Consumption
Superior DC Output Linearity

Common Specifications
GENERAL
Parameter

C6270

Applicable PMTs

Input Voltage
Typ.
Input Current
Linear DC Output Current at -1000 V Typ.
Typ.
of PMT A
at -500 V
Operating Ambient Temperature / Humidity C
Storage Temperature / Humidity C
Typ.
Weight
NOTE: A Within: 2 % linearity

C9028-01
C9773
C8991
C10344-03
28 mm
25 mm
28 mm
head-on type head-on type
head-on type
28 mm
28 mm
R374, R2228
R374, R2228
side-on type
R1924A, R1925A side-on type
R5929, R6094
R5929, R6094
R3550A, R5070A
R6095, etc.
R6095, etc.
+11.5 to +15.5
+15 1
8
60
45
50
100 B
100 A
90 A
50 A
45 A
100 B
0 to +40 / Below 80
0 to +50 / Below 85
-15 to +60 / Below 80
-15 to +60 / Below 85
57
50
60

B Within: 0.5 % linearity

Unit

V
mA
A
A
C/%
C/%
g

C No condensation

HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY


Parameter
Output Voltage Range
Line Regulation Against 1 V Input Change Typ.
Anode Ripple Noise D (p-p)
Typ.
Output Voltage Control
Output Voltage Programming Response E Typ.
Settling Time F
Temperature Coefficient
Typ.

C6270

C9028-01
0 to -1250

C9773

0.01
0.5
0 V to +5 V or
external 50 k potentiometer
80

0.01

C8991
C10344-03
-200 to -1200 G -200 to -1500
1
0 V to +1.2 V or
0 V to +1.5 V or
external 10 k potentiometer external 10 k potentiometer

10
0.005

Unit
V
%
mV

ms
s
%/C

NOTE: D Load resistance = 1 M, Load capacitance = 20 pF


E for 0 %/99 % HV change
F The time required for the output to reach a stable level following a change in the control voltage from +1.0 V to +0.5 V.
G C8991-01 with an output voltage range of -200 V to -1500 V is also provided.

Schematic Diagrams
C6270

C9028-01, C9773

PMT
SOCKET

PMT
SOCKET

HIGH VOLTAGE
POWER SUPPLY

+15 V IN (RED)
Vref (+5 V) OUT (BLUE)
HV CONTROL (WHITE)
GND (BLACK)
GND (BLACK)

SIGNAL OUT (COAX)

COCKCROFTWALTON CIRCUIT
(HIGH VOLTAGE
DIVIDER)
PMT
SOCKET

PMT
SOCKET

HIGH VOLTAGE
POWER SUPPLY

+15 V IN (RED)
GND (SHIELD)
Vref (+5 V) OUT (ORANGE)
HV CONTROL (WHITE)
GND (SHIELD)

SIGNAL OUT (COAX)


TACCC0095EC

C10344-03

COCKCROFTWALTON CIRCUIT
(HIGH VOLTAGE
DIVIDER)

ACTIVE
VOLTAGE
DIVIDER

ACTIVE
VOLTAGE
DIVIDER

106

C8991

HIGH VOLTAGE
ADJUSTMENT
CIRCUIT

+15 V IN (RED)
Vref (+1.2 V) OUT (BLUE)
HV CONTROL (WHITE)
GND (BLACK)

SIGNAL OUT (COAX)


TACCC0122EA

HIGH VOLTAGE
ADJUSTMENT
CIRCUIT

6.2 k

+15 V IN (RED)
Vref (+2.5 V) OUT (BLUE)
HV CONTROL (WHITE)
GND (BLACK)

SIGNAL OUT (COAX)


TACCC0124EA

TACCC0141EA

DC Linearity Characteristics

Practical PMT DC Output Limits

TACCB0102EC

TACCB0103EB

140

20

PMT OUTPUT CURRENT (A)

DEVIATION (%)

PMT SUPPLY VOLTAGE: -1000 V

(Reference)
330 k / STAGE
RESISTIVE DIVIDER

10

C9773

C6270,
C9028-01

C8991,
C10344-03

-10

10

100

120
C8991, C10344-03
100
80

C9773

60

C6270, C9028-01

40

(Reference)
330 k / STAGE
RESISTIVE DIVIDER

20
0
-400

1000

-600

-800

-1000

-1200

-1400

PMT SUPPLY VOLTAGE* (V)

PMT OUTPUT CURRENT (A)

* Photomultiplier tube must be used with a supply voltage within the rated range.

High Voltage Controlling Characteristics


TACCB0041ED

-1750

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

-1500
-1250
C6270, C9028-01, C9773
-1000
-750
-500
* C8991 can be controlled up to +1.2 V (output voltage -1200 V).

C8991*, C10344-03
-250
0

0
0

+1
+0.2

+2
+0.4

+3
+0.6

+4
+0.8

+5
+1.0

+6
+1.2

+7
+1.4

+8 (C6270, C9028-01, C9773)


+1.6 (C8991, C10344-03)

CONTROL VOLTAGE (V)

Dimensional Outlines
C6270

(Unit: mm)

C9028-01, C9773

C8991

38
45

33.00.3

38.00.3
49.00.3

31.7 0.3
25.2

31.7 0.3
25.2

29.00.3

40.0 0.5

HOUSING
(METAL)

HOUSING
(METAL)

HOUSING
(METAL)

SIGNAL OUTPUT
+15 V INPUT
Vref OUTPUT
HV CONTROL INPUT
GND
GND

COAXIAL CABLE RG-174/U


AWG 24, RED
AWG 24, BLUE
AWG 24, WHITE
AWG 24, BLACK
AWG 24, BLACK
TACCA0156ED

* See page 123 for details on flanges and housings.


(C9773 has no suitable flange and housing.)

COAXIAL CABLE RG-174/U BLACK SIGNAL OUTPUT


HV CONTROL INPUT
SHIELD CABLE
GRAY Vref OUTPUT
(TWISTED PAIR CABLE)
GND
10.5
+15 V INPUT
SHIELD CABLE LIGHT

(TWISTED PAIR CABLE) BLUE


GND

WHITE
ORANGE
SHIELD
RED
BLUE
SHIELD

TACCA0258EA

+20

450 - 0
5

SIGNAL OUTPUT
+15 V INPUT
Vref OUTPUT
HV CONTROL INPUT
GND

10.5

10.5

10

10

10

450 10

32

31.70.3

45010

10.5

CONDUCTIVE
PLASTIC

60.0 0.5

48.5

R1

0.7

37.70.5

2.5

31.5

450 MIN.

3.5

DIRECTION
OF LIGHT

32

DIRECTION
OF LIGHT

C10344-03

2- 3.2

COAXIAL CABLE RG-174/U


AWG 24, RED
AWG 24, BLUE
AWG 24, WHITE
AWG 24, BLACK
TACCA0053EE

SIGNAL OUTPUT
+15 V INPUT
Vref OUTPUT
HV CONTROL INPUT
GND

COAXIAL CABLE RG-174/U


AWG 24, RED
AWG 24, BLUE
AWG 24, WHITE
AWG 24, BLACK
TACCA0294EA

107

DAP-Type Socket Assemblies


HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY SOCKET ASSEMBLY
WITH TRANSIMPEDANCE AMPLIFIER C6271, C7950, C7950-01 (DAP Type)
These DAP type socket assemblies incorporate a regulated high voltage power supply and transimpedance amplifier that converts
high-impedance current signals of a photomultiplier tube into low-impedance voltage signals.
The C7950 series are compatible with a wide band from DC to 5 MHz. The C6271 has lower noise than that of the C7950 series,
although the frequency range is from DC to 10 kHz.

Features
Superior DC Output Linearity
Fast High Voltage Programming Response
Wide High Voltage Output Range

Low Ripple / Noise


Wide Frequency Bandwidth (C7950, C7950-01)

Common Specifications
GENERAL
Parameter

C6271

C7950

28 mm (1-1/8") side-on type

Applicable PMTs

+15 1
+55

Input Voltage
Typ.
+15 V
Input Current
Typ.
-15 V
Linear DC Output Current at -1000 V Typ.
Typ.
at -500 V
of PMT A
Operating Ambient Temperature / Humidity B
Storage Temperature / Humidity B
Typ.
Weight
NOTE: A Within: 2 % linearity

55

+60

C7950-01
28 mm (1-1/8") head-on type
R374, R2228, R5929
R6094, R6095, etc.
15 1
+65
-20

43
43
0 to +40 / Below 80
-15 to +60 / Below 80
65

70

C7950

C7950-01

Unit

V
mA
mA
A
A
C/%
C/%
g

B No condensation

HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY


Parameter
Output Voltage Range
Line Regulation Against 1 V Input Change Typ.
Output Voltage Control

C6271
0 to -1250
0.01
0 V to +5 V or
external 50 k potentiometer

Output Voltage Programming Response C Typ.


Temperature Coefficient
Typ.

0 to -900
0.03

Unit
V
%

0 V to +3.6 V

0.03

ms
%/C

80
0.01

NOTE: C for 0 %/99 % HV change

TRANSIMPEDANCE AMPLIFIER SECTION


Parameter
Frequency Bandwidth (-3 dB)
Current to Voltage Conversion Factor
Maximum Output Voltage
Signal Output Offset Voltage
Induced Ripple on Signal Output

Typ.
Typ.

C6271
DC to 10 kHz
0.3 (at load resistance 10 k)
+13 (at load resistance 10 k)
0.3
2 mV p-p

Unit

V/A
V
mV

C7950

C7950-01
DC to 5 MHz
0.15 (at load resistance 50 )
+1.6 (at load resistance 50 )
10
10 mV rms

Schematic Diagrams
C7950, C7950-01

C6271

PMT
SOCKET

AMP

PMT
SOCKET
ACTIVE
VOLTAGE
DIVIDER

108

50

SIGNAL OUT (COAX)

AMP

HIGH VOLTAGE
POWER SUPPLY

+15 V IN (RED)
Vref (+5 V) OUT (BLUE)
HV CONTROL (WHITE)
GROUND (BLACK)
GROUND (BLACK)
TACCC0096EE

SIGNAL OUT (COAX)

-15 V IN (BLUE)

ACTIVE
VOLTAGE
DIVIDER

HIGH VOLTAGE
POWER SUPPLY

+15 V IN (RED)
HV CONTROL (WHITE)
GND (SHIELD)

TACCC0125EA

DC Linearity Characteristics

Practical PMT DC Output Limits

TACCB0104EA

TACCB0105EA

140

20

PMT OUTPUT CURRENT (A)

DEVIATION (%)

PMT SUPPLY VOLTAGE: -1000 V (C6271)


-900 V (C7950, C7950-01)
(Reference)
330 k / STAGE
RESISTIVE DIVIDER

10

120
100
C6271
C7950
C7950-01

80
60
40

(Reference)
330 k / STAGE
RESISTIVE DIVIDER

20

-10

10

100

0
-400

1000

-600

PMT OUTPUT CURRENT (A)

-800

-1000

-1200

-1400

PMT SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)


* Use the C7950 and C7950-01 in a range up to -900 V.

High Voltage Controlling Characteristics

Frequency Bandwidth
TACCB0108EA

TACCB0106EA

-1500

10
C6271
5

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

-1250

-1000
-900
-750

C7950*,
C7950-01*

-500

-3 dB
-5
C7950
C7950-01

C6271
-10

-15

-250

+2

+1

+3

+3.6 +4

+5

-20
0.1

+6

10

100

1000

10000

100000

FREQUENCY (kHz)

CONTROL VOLTAGE (V)


* The output is -900 V even if the control voltage is set higher than +3.6 V.

Dimensional Outlines
C6271

(Unit: mm)

C7950
3.5

33.0 0.3

32

38

38.0 0.3

45

49.0 0.3
31.7 0.3

31.5

25.6

CONDUCTIVE
PLASTIC

57.7 0.5

48.5

R1

31.7 0.3
HOUSING
(METAL)

60.0 0.5

0.7

2.5

29.0 0.3

10.5

HOUSING
(METAL)

32
450 10

450 MIN.

DIRECTION
OF LIGHT

450 10

DIRECTION
OF LIGHT

C7950-01

2- 3.2

C7950, C7950-01
SIGNAL OUTPUT
+15 V INPUT
Vref OUTPUT
HV CONTROL INPUT
GND
GND

COAXIAL CABLE RG-174/U BLACK SIGNAL OUTPUT


HV CONTROL INPUT
SHIELDED CABLE
GRAY

(TWISTED PAIR CABLE)


GND
+15 V INPUT
SHIELDED CABLE LIGHT
-15 V INPUT
(TWISTED PAIR CABLE) BLUE
GND

COAXIAL CABLE RG-174/U


AWG 24, RED
AWG 24, BLUE
AWG 24, WHITE
AWG 24, BLACK
AWG 24, BLACK
TACCA0156JD

* See page 123 for details on flanges and housings.

10.5

10.5

WHITE
ORANGE
SHIELD
RED
BLUE
SHIELD

TACCA0261EA

109

Amplifier Units
Amplifier Units C7319, C9999, C6438, C9663, C11184, C5594
Hamamatsu provides six series of amplifier units for photomultiplier tubes.
Select the one that best matches your application.

Features
C7319
Switchable frequency bandwidth (2 ranges) and current-to-voltage conversion factor (3 ranges)
Ideal for applications requiring low noise and high gain
C9999
Bandwidth from DC to 10 MHz and gain of 43 dB
C6438
Ideal for applications requiring high gain for photon counting
C6438-01
Wide bandwidth from DC to 50 MHz and gain of 54 dB
C9663
Wide bandwidth from DC to 150 MHz and gain of 38 dB
C11184
Wide bandwidth from DC to 300 MHz and gain of 28 dB
C5594 Series
Ideal for applications of high-speed timing measurement using MCP-PMT
1.5 GHz cutoff frequency for reliable amplification of high-speed output pulse from PMT
Choice of SMA or BNC input and output connectors

From left: C9663 (C9999), C7319, C6438, C5594

Characteristics
Parameter
Frequency
Bandwidth (-3 dB)
Voltage Gain
Current-to-Voltage
Conversion Factor
Amplifier Input (output)
Input Impedance
Recommended Load Resistance
Max. Output Signal Voltage
Input
Connector
Output
Power
Supply Voltage
Supply Current Max.
Dimensions (W H D)
Weight

C7319
C9999
C6438
C6438-01
C5594-44
C9663
C11184
DC to 20 kHz or DC to
DC to 10 MHz DC to 50 MHz DC to 50 MHz DC to 150 MHz DC to 300 MHz 50 kHz to 1.5 GHz
200 kHz (switchable)A
B

43 3 D (Approx. 139 times) 20 3 D (Approx. 10 times) 54 3 D (Approx. 500 times) 38 D (Approx. 80 times) 28 2 D (Approx. 25 times) 36 D (Approx. 63 times)
0.1 V/A, 1 V/A
50 mV/A E 0.5 mV/A E 25 mV/A E
4 mV/A E 1.25 mV/A E 3.15 mV/A E
or 10 V/A (switchable)
Current (inverted) Voltage (non-inverted) Voltage (non-inverted) Voltage (non-inverted) Voltage (non-inverted) Voltage (non-inverted) Voltage (non-inverted)
B
360
50
50
50
50
50
50
50
50

50
50
50
13 C
1.3 D
1 D
1 D
1.4 D
1 D
+0.8, -2.5 D
BNC-R
BNC-R
BNC-R
BNC-R
BNC-R
MCX-R F
BNC-R
BNC-R
BNC-R
BNC-R
BNC-R
BNC-R
BNC-R
MCX-R F
DIN (6-pin)
DIN (6-pin)
DIN (6-pin)
DIN (6-pin)

DIN (6-pin)

5 to 15
5
5
5
5
5
+12 to +16
50
70
55
80
70
80
+95
60 43.2 65 60 43.2 65 60 43.2 65 60 43.2 65 60 43.2 65 52 14.5 28 54 17 33
Approx.170 Approx.180 Approx.160 Approx.160 Approx.180
Approx.80
Approx.40

Unit

dB

V
mA
mm
g

NOTE: AFrequency bandwidth is limited to DC to 100 kHz at conversion coefficient of 10 V/A.


BC7319 is current input type.
CAt 15 V Supply voltage and 10 k load resistance.
DAt 50 load resistance.
EValue after current-to-voltage conversion by input impedance.
FMCX-BNC adapter supplied.

Frequency Response
C7319

-5

-10
DC to 20 kHz

10

-5

-10

-5

-10

-15

-15

101

at 50 load resister

TACCB0039EC

DC to 200 kHz A

-15

102

FREQUENCY (kHz)

110

TACCB0111EA

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

+5

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

10

-20
100

C6438

C9999

TACCB0044ED

+10

A To be limited to DC to 100 kHz at 10 V/A


(Current to voltage conversion factor)

103

-20
10-1

100

101

FREQUENCY (MHz)

102

-20
10-1

100

101

FREQUENCY (MHz)

102

C9663

C11184
at 50 load resister

TACCB0074EA

TACCB0006EB

10

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

-5

-10

-15

-5
-10

-15

101

102

-25

103

-5

-10

-15

-20

-20
100

10

100

1000

-20
10-2

10-1

FREQUENCY (MHz)

FREQUENCY (MHz)

Dimensional Outlines

100

101

102

103

104

FREQUENCY (MHz)

(Unit: mm)

C7319

C6438
15 V

INPUT

BW
L

BNC-R

DIN TYPE
(6 PINS)

ALUMINUM HOUSING

BNC-R
SIG IN

OUTPUT

5 V

SIG OUT

43.2 0.5

ALUMINUM HOUSING

BNC-R

DIN TYPE
(6 PINS)

GAIN
105 106 107 V/A

43.2 0.5

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

C5594 Series

TACCB0112EA

10

RELATIVE GAIN (dB)

10

OFFSET

VR OFFSET

47.5 0.2

Exclusiver cable with a plug


connector attached at one end
will be provided for 15 V supply
connection together with the
unit.

Exclusiver cable with a plug


connector attached at one end
will be provided for 5 V supply
connection together with the
unit.

65.0 0.5

60 0.5

ATTACHMENT SCREW HOLES


(2-M3 DEPTH 5)

SCREW HOLES FOR FIXTURE (2-M3 DEPTH 5)

47.5 0.2

SWITCH OF
CONVERSION RATIO

60.0 0.5

SWITCH OF
FREQUENCY
BANDWIDTH

65 0.5

TACCA0174EA

C9999/C6438-01/C9663

C11184
DIN TYPE (6 PINS)

OUTPUT

52.0 0.5

OFFSET

28.0 0.5

5 V

INPUT

BNC-R

43.2 0.5

ALUMINUM HOUSING

BNC-R

TACCA0134EA

300MHz AMPLIFIER
UNIT

C11184
INPUT
(MCX)

GAIN : X25

14.5 0.5

450 20

RED: +5V
BLACK:GND
BLUE: -5V

RED : +5 V
BLACK : GND
BULE : -5 V

OUTPUT
(MCX)

VR OFFSET

* The C6438-01 has no VR offset.

47.5 0.2

60.0 0.5

INPUT
MCX
CONNECTOR*

** Exclusiver cable with a plug


connector attached at one
end will be provided for 5 V
supply connection together
with the unit.

7.2 0.4

ATTACHMENT SCREW HOLES (2-M3 DEPTH 5)

ATTACHMENT SCREW HOLES


(2-M3 DEPTH 2.5)

OUTPUT
MCX
CONNECTOR*
* MCX-BNC
adapter supplied

13.0 0.2

26.5 0.2

65.0 0.5

TACCA0262EB

C5594-44

TACCA0303EA

C5594 Input / Output connectors and type No.

30.5

54

17

30.5

Input
C5594

OUT

+15 V

18

SMA plug (male)


SMA receptacle (female)
BNC plug (male)
BNC receptacle (female)

9.5

1.1

1.1

11.4

18

16.5

50 k-1.5 GHz 36 dB
GND

33

HIGH SPEED AMPLIFIER


IN

Output
SMA receptacle
BNC receptacle
(female)
(female)
C5594-12
C5594-14
C5594-22
C5594-24
C5594-32
C5594-34
C5594-42
C5594-44

TACCA0295EA

111

High Voltage Power Supplies


Voltage Dependence of Photomultiplier Tube Gain
Hamamatsu regulated high voltage power supplies are
products developed based on our years of experience as a
photomultiplier tube manufacturer and our leading edge
technology. All models are designed to conform to stability
requirements demanded of photomultiplier tube operations.
Various models are provided, ranging from on-board unit
types to general-purpose bench-top types, allowing you to
choose the desired power supply that suits your application.

Gain vs. Supply Voltage


108

TPMOB0082EB

107

106

GAIN

The photoelectrons emitted from the photocathode of a photomultiplier tube are channeled by the electron lens to impinge on the first dynode where several times the number of
secondary electrons are then emitted. This multiplicative increase of secondary electrons is repeated at the latter dynodes and as a result, the number of electrons reaching the
anode is approximately 105 to 107 times the original number
of photoelectrons emitted from the photocathode.
The relationship of the secondary electron emission for
each dynode to the supplied voltage is expressed as follows:
= A E
where A is a constant, E is the interstage voltage, and is
another constant determined by the dynode material and
geometric structure. The value of is usually in the range
0.7 to 0.8. When a voltage V is supplied between the anode
and the photocathode of a photomultiplier tube having n dynode stages, the overall gain is given by
= (A E)n = {A [V/n+1]}n = {An/ (n+1)n}Vn
Here, if {An/ (n+1)n} is substituted for K, becomes
= K Vn
Typical photomultiplier tubes have 9 to 12 dynode stages
and as shown in Figure 23, the gain is proportional to the 6th
to 10th power of the voltage supplied between the photocathode and the anode. This essentially means that the output
of a photomultiplier tube is extremely sensitive to variations
in the supplied voltage. Thus the power supply stability such
as drift, ripple, temperature regulation, input regulation and
load regulation must be at least 10 times as stable as the
output stability required of the photomultiplier tube.

105

104

103

102
200

300

500

700

1000

1500

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

Selection Guide to High Voltage Power Supplies


Type

Type No.

C4900

Unit Type

C10673A

C9619

C9525
Bench-top Type
C9727

-01
-50
-51

-01

-01
-50
-51

-01
-50
-51

-01
-50
-51

Max. Output
Output
Voltage (V) Current (mA)
0.6
-1250
0.5
0.6
+1250
0.5
0.6
-1250
0.5
-2000
2
+2000
-2000
2
+2000
-3500
2
+3500

AThe C10673 and C10673-01 are UL-approved types of the C4900 and C4900-01.
BExcluding projecting parts

112

Input Voltage
+15 V
+12 V
+15 V
+12 V
+15 V
+12 V
+15 V
+12 V
+15 V
+12 V
AC 100 V/120 V
AC 230 V
AC 100 V/120 V
AC 230 V
AC 100 V/120 V
AC 230 V
AC 100 V/120 V
AC 230 V

Dimensions
(W H D) (mm)B

Weight

46 24 12

31 g

46 24 12

31 g

62 15 45

100 g

246 70 312

3.0 kg

246 70 312

3.0 kg

Compact High Voltage Power Supply Units C4900 Series


The C4900 series is an on-board type high voltage power supply unit, with
a design that aims at providing both "compactness and high performance".
The newly developed circuit achieves high performance and low power
consumption. The C4900 series in addition provides enhanced protective
functions yet is offered at lower costs.
The C4900 and -01 are designed for negative output, while the C4900-50
and -51 have positive output.

Features
Very compact and lightweight
Low power consumption
Variable output voltage range from 0 V

TACCF0154

High stability
Quick response
Ample protective functions

Specifications
Parameter
C4900
C4900-01
C4900-50
C4900-51
+15 1
+12 0.5
+12 0.5
+15 1
Input Voltage Range
with
no
load
Typ.
14
15
15
14
Input Current A
with full load Typ.
90
95
95
90
Variable Output Range
0 to -1250
0 to +1250
Specification Guaranteed Output Voltage Range
-200 to -1250
+200 to +1250
Max.
Output Current
0.6
0.5
0.5
0.6
Line Regulation Against 1 V or 0.5 V Input Change AB Typ.
0.01
Load Regulation Against 0 % to 100 % Load Change A Typ.
0.01
Typ.
Ripple / Noise (p-p) AB
0.003
Output Voltage Control
By external controlling voltage (0 V to +5 V) or external potentiometer (50 k 2.5 k)
Controlling Voltage Input
80
Typ.
Impedance
Output Voltage Setting (Absolute Value) Typ.
((Controlling Voltage 250) 0.5 %) 3
Output Voltage Rise Time (0 % 99 %) AB Typ.
50
Typ.
Temperature Coefficient AB
0.01
Operating Ambient Temperature AB
0 to +50
Operating Ambient Humidity C
Below 80
Below 80 D
Storage Temperature
-20 to +70
Storage Humidity C
Below 80
Weight
31
Units protected against reversed power input, reversed / excessive controlling
Protective Functions
voltage input, continuous overloading / short circuit in output

Unit
V
mA
V
V
mA
%
%
%

k
V
ms
%/C
C
%
C
%
g

NOTE: AAt maximum output voltage. BAt maximum output current. CNo condensation.
DAt 0 C to +40 C. Please contact our sales office if the operating ambient temperature is expected to be higher than +40 C.
* The C10673 and C10673-01, which are UL-approved types of the C4900 and C4900-01, are also available.

Output Voltage Controlling


Characteristic

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


46

12

3.81

15.88

15.88

4- 2

(C4900, -01)

(C4900-50, -51)

TACCB0043EB

+1500

-1250

+1250

-1000

+1000

-750

+750

-500

+500

-250

+250

10.16
0.5

5 MIN.

q w ert

0.3

1.5
2.5
15.88

3.81

15.88

6- 0.8

MOUNTING TABS

The

mounting tabs can be


bent to the right angle only once
The mounting tabs are solderable.

0.50.25

17.78

PIN ASSIGNMENT
q +15 V / +12 V IN
wGND 1 (INPUT / OUTPUT GND)
eGND 2 (CONTROLLING VOLTAGE GND)
rHV ADJ (CONTROLLING VOLTAGE INPUT)
tVref OUT
yHV OUT
The housing is internally connected to pin w.
Pins w and e are internally connected.

2.54
10.16

+1

+2

+3

+4

+5

5.3

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

2.54

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

24

29

11.7

-1500

0
+6

17.78
(BOTTOM VIEW)

TACCA0157EC

TACCA0159EB

CONTROLLING VOLTAGE (V)

113

High Voltage Power Supplies


High Voltage Power Supply Units C9619 Series
The C9619 series is compact PC-board mountable high voltage power
supplies, especially designed for photomultiplier tubes.
The design offers better performance and complete fail-safe protection.
The C9619 and -01 output negative polarity and the C9619-50 and -51 output positive polarity high voltages.

Features
Compact and Lightweight
High Stability
High Output Power (2 kV / 2 mA)
Completed Fail-safe Functions

Specifications
Parameter

C9619
+15 1
120
380

Input Voltage

C9619-50
C9619-51
+15 1
+12 1
120
100
380
460
0 to +2000

C9619-01
+12 1
100
460
0 to -2000

Unit
V

with no load Typ.


with full load Typ.
Variable Output Voltage Range
Specification Guaranteed
+320 to +2000
-320 to -2000
Output Voltage Range
Output Current
2
Max.
0.03
0.01
0.01
0.03
Input Regulation against 1 V Input Change AB Typ.
Load Regulation against 0 % to 100 %
0.03
Typ.
Load Change A
Ripple / Noise (p-p) AB
0.003
Typ.
Output Voltage Controlling Modes
By external controlling voltage (0 V to +5 V) or external potentiometer (50 k)
97
Controlling Voltage Input Impedance
Typ.
110
Output Voltage Setting
Typ. (Controlling voltage (-400)) 1 % (Controlling voltage (+400)) 1 %
Output Voltage Rise Time (0 % / 99 %) AB Typ.
500
100
Temperature Coefficient AB
0.01
Typ.
Operating Ambient Temperature AB / Humidity ABC
0 C to +40 C / Below 85 %
Storage Temperature / Humidity C
-20 C to +60 C / Below 90 %
Weight
100
Units protected against reversed power input, reversed / excessive controlling
Protective Functions
voltage input, continuous overloading / short circuit in output

Input Current A

BAt maximum output current.

Output Voltage Controlling


Characteristic

Dimensional Outline (Unit: mm)

TACCB0099EA

25

1
2

PIN ASSIGNMENT
q +12 V or +15 V IN
w GND
e HV ADJ (Controlling Voltage Input)
r Vref OUT (Reference Voltage Output
: 5.13 V Typ.)
t HV OUT

32

7.5 10 7.5

0.5

2
5- 1

4
45

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

15

62
8 MIN.

45

CNo condensation

-2400

+2400

-2000

+2000

-1600

+1600

-1200

+1200

-800

+800

-400

+400

+1

+2

+3

+4

+5

CONTROLLING VOLTAGE (V)


TACCA0291EA

114

0
+6

OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

NOTE: AAt maximum output voltage.

mA
V
V
mA
%
%
%

k
V
ms
%/C

2 kV Output Compact Bench-Top Type Regulated DC Power Supply C9525 Series


The C9525 series is a compact, remote-controllable multi-output power
supply incorporating a high voltage and low voltage power supply circuits.

Features
Compact bench-top type
High stability
USB control
High output voltage (2 kV / 2 mA)

Specifications
Parameter
High Voltage Power Supply Section 5 V Power Supply Section 15 V Power Supply Section
C9525/C9525-01
0 V to -2000 V (variable)
Output Voltage
C9525-50/C9525-51 0 V to +2000 V (variable)
15 V 5 % (fixed)
5 V 5 % (fixed)
-320 V to -2000 V (variable)
Specification Guaranteed C9525/C9525-01
C9525-50/C9525-51 +320 V to +2000 V (variable)
Output Voltage
Maximum Output Current
2 mA
200 mA
500 mA
Max.
Input Regulation ABC
0.005 %
0.1 %
0.1 %
Max.
Load regulation AD
0.03 %
0.5 %
1 %
Max.
0.003 %
Ripple / noise (p-p) AB
0.02 %
0.06 %
Max.
Drift ABE
0.05 %/h
0.05 %/h
0.05 %/h
Max.
Temperature Coefficient AB
0.01 %/C
0.005 %/C
0.01 %/C
High Voltage Output Monitoring Accuracy A Max.
(0.1 % +2 V)

Output Connector Receptacle


SHV Type
DIN Type (6 pins)
C9525/C9525-50
100 V / 120 V (10 %) (50 Hz / 60 Hz)
AC Input Voltage
C9525-01/C9525-51
230 V (10 %) (50 Hz / 60 Hz)
Power Consumption AB
Approx. 40 VA
Operating Ambient Temperature AB
0 C to +40 C / Below 85 %
/ Humidity ABF
Storage Temperature / Humidity F
-20 C to +50 C / Below 90 %
Weight
Approx. 3.0 kg
Conforms to EMC directive (89/336/EEC) / EN61326: 1997 + A1: 1998 + A2: 2001 + A3: 2003 Class A
CE Marking
Conforms to low voltage directive (73/223/EEC) / EN61010-1: 2001
NOTE: AAt maximum outut voltage
BAt maximum output current
EAfter 30 minute warm-up FNo condensation

CFor 10 % change in line voltage

Accessories
1High voltage output cable (1.5 m long) terminated
with SHV-P plugs E1168-17 ......................................................... 1
2AC line cable ................................................................................ 1
33P/2P connector AC adapter (C9525/C9525-50 only) ................ 1
4USB cable (1.5 m long) with filter ................................................. 1
5Low voltage power supply section DIN connector plugs .............. 2
6CD-R (Containing instruction manual, sample software) ............. 1

DFor 0 % to 100 % change in load

Sold Separately
Connecting cable for low voltage
power supply section E1168-26
(for C9744, C7319, C9999, C6438, C9663)

Dimensional Outline (Unit: mm)


246 1

312 1

USB

ON
OFF

HV OUTPUT

50*

LV OUTPUT

15

HV OUT

70 1

MODEL C9525 HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY


POWER

* The height of the C9525 is 120 mm with front legs extended

TACCA0290EA

115

High Voltage Power Supplies


3.5 kV Output Compact Bench-Top Type Regulated DC Power Supply C9727 Series
The C9727 series is a compact, remote-controllable multi-output power
supply incorporating a high voltage and low voltage power supply circuits.

Features
Compact bench-top type
High stability
USB control
High output voltage (3.5 kV / 2 mA)
High voltage output current monitor

Specifications
Parameter
High Voltage Power Supply Section 5 V Power Supply Section 15 V Power Supply Section
C9727/C9727-01
0 V to -3500 V (variable)
Output Voltage
C9727-50/C9727-51 0 V to +3500 V (variable)
15 V 5 % (fixed)
5 V 5 % (fixed)
-320 V to -3500 V (variable)
Specification Guaranteed C9727/C9727-01
C9727-50/C9727-51 +320 V to +3500 V (variable)
Output Voltage
Maximum Output Current
2 mA
200 mA
500 mA
Max.
Input Regulation ABC
0.005 %
0.1 %
0.1 %
Max.
Load regulation AD
0.03 %
0.5 %
1 %
Max.
0.003 %
Ripple / noise (p-p) AB
0.02 %
0.06 %
Max.
Drift ABE
0.05 %/h
0.05 %/h
0.05 %/h
Max.
Temperature Coefficient AB
0.01 %/C
0.005 %/C
0.01 %/C
High Voltage Output Monitoring Accuracy A Max.
(0.1 % +2 V)

Output Connector Receptacle


SHV Type
DIN Type (6 pins)
C9727/C727-50
100 V / 120 V (10 %) (50 Hz / 60 Hz)
AC Input Voltage
C9727-01/C9727-51
230 V (10 %) (50 Hz / 60 Hz)
Power Consumption AB
Approx. 40 VA
Operating Ambient Temperature AB
0 C to +40 C / Below 85 %
/ Humidity ABF
Storage Temperature / Humidity F
-20 C to +50 C / Below 90 %
Weight
Approx. 3.0 kg
Conforms to EMC directive (89/336/EEC) / EN61326: 1997 + A1: 1998 + A2: 2001 + A3: 2003 Class A
CE Marking
Conforms to low voltage directive (73/223/EEC) / EN61010-1: 2001
NOTE: AAt maximum outut voltage
BAt maximum output current
EAfter 30 minute warm-up FNo condensation

CFor 10 % change in line voltage

Accessories
1High voltage output cable (1.5 m long) terminated
with SHV-P plugs E1168-19 ......................................................... 1
2AC line cable ................................................................................ 1
33P/2P connector AC adapter (C9727/C9727-50 only) ................ 1
4USB cable (1.5 m long) with filter ................................................. 1
5Low voltage power supply section DIN connector plugs .............. 2
6CD-R (Containing instruction manual, sample software) ............. 1

DFor 0 % to 100 % change in load

Sold Separately
Connecting cable for low voltage
power supply section E1168-26
(for C9744, C7319, C9999, C6438, C9663)

Dimensional Outline (Unit: mm)


246 1

312 1

HV OUT

70 1

MODEL C9727 HIGH VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY


POWER

USB

ON
OFF

HV OUTPUT

50*

116

LV OUTPUT

15

* The height of the C9727 is 120 mm with front legs extended

TACCA0290EA

Thermoelectric Coolers
Photomultiplier Tube Dark Current and Cooling Effect
Causes of Dark Current

Thermal electron Emission and Cooling Effect

A small amount of current flows in a photomultiplier tube operated at a high voltage even when no light enters it. This output current is called the dark current. Since the dark current
degrades the S/N ratio, it is the factor that determines the
lower limit of detection when the output current is extremely
low such as in low-level-light measurement. Major causes of
the dark current can be classified into the seven described
below. The extent to which each of these causes affects the
dark current depends on the type of photomultiplier tube and
varies from tube to tube or according to operating conditions.
Specific Causes
1 Thermionic emission of electrons from the photocathode
and dynode surfaces
2 Leakage current between electrodes and lead pins
(Mainly due to impurities on the electrode supporting materials,
glass stem, plastic base surfaces and on the socket surface)
3 Ion current flowing as a result of ionization of residual gases inside the bulb
4 Photoelectron emission caused by internal electrons and
ions colliding with the electrode support materials and glass
5 Photoelectron emission by the glass scintillation as a result
of gamma rays emitted from radioactive elements (chiefly
40K) inside the bulb
6 Photoelectron emission caused by Cherenkov radiation
due to cosmic ray passing through the glass
7 Field emission of electrons from the photocathode and dynode surfaces
Figure 62 shows the relationship between the voltage supplied across the photomultiplier tube cathode and anode, and
the anode dark current. This characteristic curve can be divided into three regions. In the low-voltage region a, the major
cause of dark current is the leakage current 2 and in the
high-voltage region c, 3, 4, and 7 become the governing
factors that determine the dark current. In contrast, in region
b which approximates actual operating conditions, thermal
electron emission is predominant. From this behavior, it can
be seen that cooling the photocathode and dynodes would be
very effective in reducing the dark current when the photomultiplier tube is operated at the normal voltage range.

Figure 63 shows a comparison of the temperature characteristics of dark current for various photocathode materials used
in photomultiplier tubes of the same configuration and dynode
structure. From this figure, it is clear that photocathodes with
higher sensitivity at longer wavelengths (multialkali and Ag-OCs) exhibit larger dark currents as the temperature increases.
In other words, the cooling effect on the dark current and S/N
ratio is more remarkable in such photocathodes. In this figure,
the cooling effect is limited in the region below -20 C to -30
C, due to the fact that contribution of factors other than thermionic emission becomes relatively large in this region. In
photon counting applications, since the leakage current can
be ignored, greater cooling effect can be achieved.
Thermal electrons are emitted not only from the photocathode
but also from the dynodes. However, thermal electrons emitted from the latter dynodes multiply less, and therefore the
real problems are electrons from the photocathode and the
first or second dynode. Cooling these portions can considerably reduce the dark current.
Figure 63: Dark Current vs. Temperature for Various photocathodes
10-5

TPMOB0065ED

ANODE DARK CURRENT (A)

10-6

R5108
(HEAD-ON TYPE, Ag-O-Cs)

10-7

10-8

R374
(HEAD-ON TYPE,
MULTIALKALI)

10-9

10-10

10-11

10-12

R3550A
(HEAD-ON TYPE,
LOW-NOISE BIALKALI)
R6095
(HEAD-ON TYPE, BIALKALI)

10-13
-60

-40

-20

20

40

TEMPERATURE (C)

Figure 62: Dark Current vs. Supply Voltage


TPMOB0064EA

10-5

ANODE DARK CURRENT (A)


ANODE SIGNAL OUTPUT (A)

10-6
SIGNAL OUTPUT

Selection Guide

10-7

Type No.

10-8

DARK
CURRENT
10-9

a
IDEAL LINE BY
THERMIONIC
EMISSION ONLY

10-10

10-11
200

300

500

1000

Applicable PMTs
28 mm (1-1/8"), 38 mm (1-1/2") and
C10372 Series
51 mm (2") Head-on
C10373 Series MCP-PMT (R3809U-50 series, R3809U-61/-63/-64)
C9143 Series
28 mm (1-1/8") Side-on
C9144 Series
28 mm (1-1/8") Side-on

1500 2000

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

117

Thermoelectric Coolers
High Performance Thermoelectric Coolers C10372, C10373
For 28 mm, 38 mm, 51 mm Diameter Head-on PMT and MCP-PMT
The C10372 series and C10373 series are water-cooled thermoelectric
coolers designed to reduce thermal electrons emitted from the photocathode of photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) in order to improve signal-to-noise
ratio (S/N ratio). The C10372 series further contains an electrostatic and
magnetic shield that minimizes the influence of the ambient environment.
The C10372 series are for 28 mm, 38 mm and 51 mm diameter head-on
PMTs, while the C10373 series are for MCP-PMTs.

Features
Thermoelectric cooling using Peltier module
About -30 C cooling temperature (with +20 C cooling water)
Evacuated, double-pane window with heater for frost prevention
Built-in electrostatic and magnetic shielding (C10372 series)
Internal protective circuits safeguards Peltier module in case
of low water
Internal protective circuits prevent output short-circuit, output
overvoltage, and excessive temperature rise in power supply
Stable operation due to a regulated power supply

Left: Power Supply


Right: Cooled PMT Housing

Specifications
[Cooled PMT Housing]
C10373/-01/-02 A
Parameter
C10372/-01/-02 A
Cooling Method
Thermoelectric cooling using Peltier module
Heat Exchange Medium
Water (1 L/min to 3 L/min, water pressure: below 0.3 MPa)
Cooling Temperature (with cooling water at +20 C)
Approx. -30
Approx. 120
Time to Stable Cooling Temperature
Optical Window Material
Evacuated double-pane synthetic silica window with heater (185 nm to 2200 nm)
28 mm (1-1/8") Dia., 38 mm (1-1/2") Dia
MCP-PMT
Applicable PMTs (sold separately)
and 51 mm (2") Dia. Head-on
(R3809U-50 Series, R3809U-61/-63/-64)
Applicable Socket Assembly / Holder
E3059-500
E2762 Series B
(sold separately)
(R3809U-50 Seriess, R3809U-61/-63/-64)
Operating Ambient Temperature / Humidity C
+5 C to +40 C / Below 75 %
Storage Temperature / Humidity C
-15 C to +50 C / Below 80 %
Weight
Approx. 5.8
Approx. 5.5

Unit

C
min

kg

NOTE: AC10372 / C10373: For AC 100 V operation. C10372-01 / C10373-01: For AC 120 V operation. C10372-02 / C10373-02: For AC 230 V operation.
BSee P.119
CNo condensation

[Power Supply]
Parameter
AC Input Voltage
Maximum Power Consumption
Temperature Controllable Range
(with cooling water at +20 C)
Output Voltage
Output Current
Protection Circuit
Humiditiy C

Operating Ambient Temperature /


Storage Temperature / Humiditiy C
Weight

Value / Description
100 to 240 ( 10 %) (50 Hz/60 Hz)
200

Unit
V
VA

-30 to 0 (continuously adjustable)

24 to 27
4.2
Protective circuits to safeguard Peltier module in case of low water and to prevent output
short-circuit, output overvoltage, and excessive temperature rise in power supply.
+5 C to +40 C / Below 75 %
-15 C to +50 C / Below 80 %
Approx. 2.1

V
A

kg

NOTE: CNo condensation

[Components and Accessories]


Cooled PMT housing Power supply Light shield cap Water hose clamps (2 pcs)
Connection cable (1.5 m)
AC line cable (2.5 m: -02 type, 2.0 m: other types) Socket assembly / PMT holder mounting screws (4 pcs)
* To use these coolers, water hoses with an inner diameter of 15 mm and a water supply line with the matching round faucet are required. Prepare
those hoses of the desired length. Hoses can also be connected by using PT 1/8 pipe taper screws.
**
C10372 series and C10373 series conform to the EMC directive and the LVD of the European Union.

118

Spectral Transmission Characteristics of Optical Window

Cooling Characteristics
COOLING WATER
: +20 C
AMBIENT TEMPERATURE : +20 C

+20
+10
0
-10
-20
-30
-40

20

40

60

80

100

120

-10

TACCB0100EA

100

TACCB0101EA

90
80
-20

TRANSMITTANCE (%)

TACCB0034EA

MAXIMUM COOLING TEMPERATURE (C)

COOLING TEMPERATURE (C)

+30

-30

-40

70
60
50
40
30
20
10

-50

TIME (min)

+10

+20

0
200

+30

300

400

500

600

700

800

WAVELENGTH (nm)

COOLING WATER TEMPERATURE (C)

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


E2762 SERIES (Sold Separately)

POWER SUPPLY

53
16

64

104.0 1.5

180

HOUSING

160

4-M4

200

30

215

275

* The 1 mm thickness of the folded


aluminum plate is not included in.

RC 1/8
TAPER THREAD

35 MAX.

190

30

190
250

15

250

12.5

50 +2
-0

61.5

6-M3

8
6-M3

S-100 O-RING

S-100 O-RING

PMT

52

86

95

12

100

86

130

52

95

100

130

12

PMT

EVACUATED WINDOW
WINDOW FLANGE
WINDOW FLANGE

EVACUATED WINDOW
WINDOW FLANGE

HOUSING
FRONT PANEL

HOUSING
FRONT PANEL

WINDOW FLANGE

(C10373 series)

(C10372 series)
TACCA0292EB

TACCA0293EB

Sold Separately (Unit: mm)


Socket Assemblies for C10372 Series
E2762 Series

MCP-PMT Holder for C10373 Series


E3059-500 (For R3809U Series)

SIGNAL OUTPUT: BNC RECEPTACLE

-HV: SHV RECEPTACLE

222 2

HOUSING (INSULATOR)

73

67.2 0.2

69

106

73

60

-HV
: SHV RECEPTACLE

119

SIGNAL OUTPUT
: SMA RECEPTACLE

R3809U

85

119

HIGH VOLTAGE
CONTACT RING

35 MAX.

HOUSING (METAL)
TACCA0130ED

L: E2762-502...133.5
E2762-506...144.5
E2762-509...106.5

NOTE: A

35 MAX.

192

69

SOCKET

E2762-510...106.5
E2762-511...120.5
E2762-513...120.5

E2762 Series
E2762-502
E2762-506
E2762-509
E2762-510
E2762-511
E2762-513

* The high voltage contact ring is used


for internal electrical connection to the
magnetic shield case in the cooler.

PMT
R11102, R2066, etc.
R943-02
R464, R649, etc.
R329-02, R331-05, R2257, etc.
R374, R2228, R5929, etc.
R375, R669

HOUSING (INSULATOR)
HOUSING (METAL)

N2 GAS INLET
TACCA0133EC

119

Thermoelectric Coolers
High Performance Thermoelectric Coolers for 28 mm Dia. Side-on PMTs C9143, C9144 Series
The C9143 and the C9144 are thermoelectric coolers designed for 28mm diameter side-on photomultiplier tubes (PMT). The C9143 and the C9144 improve S/N (signal to noise ratio) of PMT measurement because of reduction
of thermal electrons, which are emitted from PMT photocathode, and minimization of external noise by a built-in electrostatic and magnetic shield. The
C9143 and the C9144 can communicate with a PC via an RS-232C serial interface. It enables the PC to control the cooling temperature, high voltage
output of C9145 (optionally available socket assembly with a built in Cockcloft-Wolton high voltage power supply) and 5 V power supply for external
equipment. The C9143 and the C9144 use water and forced air respectively
to exchange heat of the thermoelectric cooler (Peltier module).

Features
Left: Controller for C9144 and C9143
Center: C9144 and socket assembly C9145
Right: C9143 and socket assembly E9146

Specifications

Thermoelectric cooling using Peltier module


Built-in electrostatic and magnetic shield
Internal protective circuits safeguards Peltier module in case
of low water flow or suspension of fan operation
Low voltage output for driving C9145 (sold separately)
Control and monitor function of high voltage output of C9145
5 V output for external equipment
Built-in interface for controlling external equipment (D-Sub)
PMT temperature control by PC

[Cooled PMT Housing]


Parameter
C9144/-01/-02 A
C9143/-01/-02 A
Cooling Method
Thermoelectric cooling using Peltier module
Water
Forced air
Heat Exchange Medium
Approx. -30 B (with cooling water of +20 C) Approx. -25 C (with ambient temperature of +25 C)
Cooling Temperature
-30
Maximum Cooling Temperature
Approx. 70
Approx. 90
Time to Stable Cooling Temperature
Evacuated double-pane synthetic silica (185 nm to 2200 nm)
Optical Window Material
8 24
Light Input Aperture Dimension
28 mm Dia. Side-on Type
Applicable PMTs (sold separately)
Applicable Socket Assembly (sold separately)
C9145 (DP-type), E9146 (D-type)
+5 C to +40 C / Below 75 %
+5 C to +35 C / Below75 %
Operating Ambient Temperature / Humidity D
Storage Temperature / Humidity D
-20 C to +50 C / Below 85 %
Approx. 1
Approx. 1.7
Weight
Easy operation
Law infuluence by ambient temperature
Feature

Unit

C
C
min

mm

kg

NOTE: AC9143/C9144: For AC 100 V operation. C9143-01/C9144-01: For AC 120 V operation. C9143-02/C9144-02: For AC 230 V operation.

BC9143
achieves cooling temperature of approx. -30 C with water temperature of +20 C. If the water temperature is higher, the possible lowest cooling temperature becomes higher (Note: Maximum cooling temperature is -30 C).
CC9144 achieves cooling temperature of approx. -25 C with ambient
temperature of +25 C. If the ambient temperature is higher, the possible lowest cooling temperature becomes higher. If the ambient temperature is
lower, the possible lowest cooling temperature becomes lower (Note: Maximum cooling temperature is -30 C).
DNo condensation

[Controller]
Parameter
AC Input Voltage
Maximum Power Consumption
Temperature Controllable Range

Value/Description
100 to 240 (10 %) (50 Hz / 60Hz)
150
-30 to -5 (0.5 C step) E
Protective circuits to safeguard Peltier module in case of low water or suspension of fan operation
Protection Circuit
and to prevent output short-circuit, output overvoltage, and excessive temperature rise in controller.
5 (0.25)
Output Voltage
Power Supply Unit for
0.5
Output Current
External Equipment
DIN (6 PIN)
Connector
4 bits (TTL input)
DI (Input)
Control Interface
4 bits (TTL open collector output)
DO (Output)
RS-232C, 9600 bps
Serial Interface
+5 C to +40C / Below 75 %
Operating Temperature / Humidity D
Storage Temperature / Humidity D
-20 C to +50C / Below 85 %
Weight
Approx. 4

Unit
V
VA
C

V
A

kg

NOTE: DNo condensation

EPMT temperature may not achieve set up cooling temperature controlled by the operator if ambient temperature
and/or water temperature is high. The cooling temperature is controlled on personal computer.

[Components and Accessories]

Cooled PMT housing Controller Light shield cap AC line cable (2.5 m: -02 type, 2 m: other types) Connection cable
(1.5 m) between cooled PMT housing and controller Serial communication cable (RS-232C crossing cable 1.8 m) D-Sub 15
pin connecter plug Cable terminated with a 5 V plug (1.5 m, one end unterminated) CD-R (Instruction manual, sample
software for control of cooling temperature and C9145 voltage) Spare fuses (2 pcs)

* To use C9143 series, water hoses with an outer diameter of 6 mm and an inner diameter of 4 mm and a water supply line with the matching
round faucet are required. Prepare those hoses of the desired length. In addition, prepare a filter for removing impurities such as chlorine ions.
**
C9143 series and C9144 series conform to the EMC directive and the LVD of the European Union.

120

Spectral Transmission Characteristics


of Optical Window

Cooling Characteristics
TACCB0069EB

30

90

AMBIENT TEMPERATURE: +25 C


COOLING WATER: +20 C (C9143)

80

TRANSMITTANCE (%)

20

COOLING TEMPERATURE (C)

TACCB0107EA

100

10
0
-10
C9144
-20

70
60
50
40
30
20

-30
-40

C9143
0

10

20

10
30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100 110 120

200

300

400

500

TIME (min)

600

700

800

900 1000 1100 1200

WAVELENGTH (nm)

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


C9144 HOUSING

(60)

80

60

4-M3 L=5 (SCREW HOLES)

2-M3 L=5
(SCREW HOLES)

50

7.5

(2-M3 L=5)
(SCREW HOLES)

72

50

60

C9143 HOUSING

7.5
40

LIGHT SHIELD CAP

TOP VIEW

93

50

C9145 (sold separately)

50

BOTTOM VIEW

C9145 (sold separately)

32

21

32

PHOTOMULTIPLIER COOLER
C9143

73.9

TOP VIEW

LIGHT SHIELD CAP

CONNECTOR FOR
POWER INPUT

26

4.5

40

BOTTOM VIEW

PHOTOMULTIPLIER COOLER
C9144

26

INPUT

56

WATER

105

30

100

M56 P=0.75
(FOR INPUT OPTICAL SYSTEM)

FRONT VIEW

SIDE VIEW

3.6

19

24
3.6

CONNECTOR FOR
POWER INPUT

132

24

132

20
56

24

INPUT

8
102

COOLING WATER IN/OUT


Plastic hose attachment port with OD6 and ID4

FRONT VIEW

REAR VIEW

155

21

M56 P=0.75
(FOR INPUT OPTICAL SYSTEM)
SIDE VIEW

REAR VIEW

TACCA0253EB

TACCA0254EB

CONTROLLER
ALARM

READY

EXT

EXT POWER OUT

POWER
ON

RS232C

I/O
HV ADJ

TO C9145

OFF

5 V

121

130

MONITOR

OUTPUT

POWER

FUSE
T4AL 250V

LINE IN
100 V240 V ~
50 Hz60 Hz 150VA

PHOTOMULTIPLIER COOLER

295

195

FRONT VIEW

SIDE VIEW

REAR VIEW

TACCA0255EB

Sold Separately (Unit: mm)


HOUSING (METAL)

-HV CONTROL
HR10A-7R-6S, HRS

SOCKET
E678-11M

50.0 0.5
43.8

35.0 0.5

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

27
34
3
59.0 0.5

4-M3 L=14
(SCREW)
SIGNAL OUTPUT
BNC-R

E9146 (D Type) *MAXIMUM SUPPLY VOLTAGE: -1250 V

1: HV MONITOR
2: Vref OUTPUT
3: HV CONTROL
4: LOW VOLTAGE INPUT (+)
5: GND
6: LOW VOLTAGE INPUT (-)

-HV
CONT
SIG

34
2
5
16

4.3

SHIELD CABLE

HR10A-7P-6P, HRS

TO C9143
or C9144

TO C9145
1500

CONNECTOR BODY

SIG

27
34
3
59.0 0.5

SOCKET 11
PIN No.

HV MONITOR
Vref OUTPUT
HV CONTROL
LOW VOLTAGE INPUT (+)
GND
LOW VOLTAGE INPUT (-)

CONNECTOR BODY

R14

-HV: SHV-R
TACCA0280EA

SIGNAL
OUTPUT
BNC-R

43.8
50.0 0.5

C1 C2

P
10

R11 R12 R13


R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 R6 R7 R8 R9 R10
C4

1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:

4-M3 L=14
(SCREW)

-HV

K DY1 DY2 DY3 DY4 DY5 DY6 DY7 DY8 DY9

POWER SUPPLY CABLE ASSEMBLY (SUPPLIED)


HR10A-7P-6P, HRS

-HV
SHV-R

HOUSING
(INSULATOR)

SOCKET
E678-11M

43.8
50.0 0.5

HOUSING (METAL)

SPACER (INSULATOR)

50.0 0.5
43.8

SPACER (INSULATOR)

35.0 0.5

C9145 (DP Type) *MAXIMUM SUPPLY VOLTAGE: -1200 V

C3

R1 to R8, R10: 330 k


R9: 680 k
R11 to R13: 220
R14: 10 k
C1 to C3: 0.01 F
C4: 4700 pF
DIVIDER CURRENT: 0.34 A
(at -1250 V)

HOUSING
SIGNAL OUTPUT: BNC-R

* The E9146-01 is also available, which is rated at maximum supply voltage of -1500 V.

TACCA0281EA

121

Magnetic Shield Cases


Magnetic Shield Cases E989 Series
Photomultiplier tubes are extremely sensitive to magnetic fields and exhibit
output variations even from sources such as terrestrial magnetism.
Hamamatsu E989 series magnetic shield cases are designed specifically
to protect photomultiplier tubes from the influence of such magnetic fields.
The E989 series uses permalloy, a material that has an extremely high permeability (approximately 105). The magnetic field intensity within the shield
case can be attenuated from 1/1000 to 1/10000 of that outside the shield
case (this ratio is called the shielding factor). The E989 series ensures a
stable output for photomultiplier tubes operating in proximity to magnetic
fields.

Features

TACCF0093

Made of high-permeability permalloy (Ni: 78 %, Fe and others: 22 %)


Various sizes available with inner diameters from 12 mm to 138 mm
Lusterless black paint finish

Specifications
Photomultiplier Tube Diameter
13 mm (1/2")
Side-on
28 mm (1-1/8") *
10 mm (3/8")
13 mm (1/2")
19 mm (3/4")
25 mm (1")
28 mm (1-1/8")
Head-on
38 mm (1-1/2")
51 mm (2")
76 mm (3")
127 mm (5")

Internal Dia. D ( mm) Thickness t (mm) Length L (mm)


47 0.5
14.5
0.5
80 1
33.6 0.8
0.8
48 0.5
12 0.5
0.5
75 0.5
16 0.5
0.8
95 1
23 0.5
0.8
48 0.5
29 0.5
0.8
120 1
32 0.5
0.8
100
1
44 +1
0.8
-0
130

1
60 +1
0.8
-0
+1.5
120 1
80 -0
0.8
170 1
138 1.5
0.8

Type No.
E989-10
E989
E989-28
E989-09
E989-02
E989-39
E989-03
E989-04
E989-05
E989-15
E989-26

Weight (g)
10
66
9
28
50
32
90
102
180
200
400

* Photomultiplier tubes with HA treatment extending to the base portion cannot be used. Please consult our sales offices for details.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


E989

E989-02 to -05, -09*, -39*

120

E989-10

E989-15

E989-26

E989-28
3-No.5
40UNC

12

22.0 0.3

90

90

120

18.0 0.1
2- 2.3
6

10

40

0.5

90

14.5

33.6 0.8

0.8

80.0+1.5
-0

0.5

12

12.0 0.5

90

12

12

0
12

12

0.5
R35.0

138.0 1.5

0.8

0.8
48.0 0.5
10
0.5

170 1

50

23
26
4- 4

3.5

37

*3-

3-M2.6

45

120 1

80 1

24

47.0 0.5

60.0 1.5

10

10

10

68.0 1.5

* No

mounting hole is provided for


E989-09 and E989-39.

TACCA0117EB

122

TACCA0118EA

TACCA0119EC

TACCA0120EC

TACCA0121EC

TACCA0122EC

Housings, Flange
Housing E1341-01/-02
The E1341-01/-02 are metal housings designed for the D-type socket assembly E5859 series (for 51 mm diameter head-on photomultiplier tubes; see
page 101) operated at room temperature. To install the E5859 series socket
assembly into the E1341-01/-02 and to ensure complete light-shielding, a
magnetic shield case E989-62/-68 (sold separately) is required.
The E1341-01/-02 housings can be easily attached to a monochromator by
preparing a simple adapter.

Type No.
E1341-01
E1341-02

Suitable Photomultiplier Tube


R464, R649, R329-02, etc.
R943-02

Magnetic Shield Case


E989-62
E989-68

TACCF0177

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


2

CAP (SUPPLIED)
3

MOUNT RING

MOUNT FLANGE* (SUPPLIED)


3
7

L
CUSHION

M61 P=0.75

52

83
M61 P=0.75

4-M2, L=8
(HEX SCREW)

10

P.C.D. 77

70

70

69

60.5

* The O-ring (S56) is supplied.

M61 P=0.75
4- 3.2

GND TERMINAL

L: E1341-01 .... 183.0 0.5


E1341-02 .... 144.0 0.5

O-RING
(S60)

TACCA0228EB

Housing E7718
The E7718 housing contains a magnetic shield case and is
designed for use with 28 mm diameter head-on photomultiplier
tubes. It can be easily attached to another device by connecting the A7719 flange (sold separately).

Dimensional Outline (Unit: mm)


132

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

26

42

[Including part 1, 2, 4, 5 and 6]

1.5

M42 P = 1.5
(FOR FIXING)

Suitable PMT

Suitable Socket Assembly


DA type C7246/-22, C7247/-22
R374, R2228, R5929
DP type C9028-01, C10344-03
R6094, R6095, etc.
DAP type C7950-01

60

43

[SUGGESTED FIXTURE LAYOUT FOR THE FLANGE]

54 0.

54

46

[HOW TO USE THE HOUSING WITH FLANGE]

HOUSING
MAGNETIC SHIELD CASE**
PMT
SLEEVE (METAL)
O-RINGS (S32)
CLAMP RING (METAL)
4-M2 SCREWS L = 6
SOCKET ASSEMBLY

* Flange and O-ring are sold separately. (Type No.: A7719)


** Magnetic shield case is electrically floating.
* O-RING

4-M3

FLANGE *

3
10.2

TACCA0198EB

Flange A7709
Dimensional Outline (Unit: mm)
6

54

80 2

60

[Including part 1, 4, 5, 6, 8 and !0]


2
3
4
5

35.2 1.0

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
!0

INSULATOR (CUSHION)
PMT
E989 MAGNETIC SHIELD CASE
CLAMPING METAL PARTS
2-M3 SCREWS L = 5
FLANGE (METAL)
SOCKET ASSEMBLY
O-RING
FIXTURE
2-M3 SCREWS L = 5

9 !0

[SUGGESTED FIXTURE LAYOUT FOR THE FLANGE]


3-M3
48

28 mm
Side-on type

Suitable Socket Assembly


E717-63/-500
D type
DA type C7246-01/-23, C7247-01/-23
DP type C8991
DAP type C7950

DIRECTION OF LIGHT

12

Suitable PMT

* A7708 dedicated flange is provided for C6270 and C6271.

54 0.

12

The A7709 is a flange for 28 mm diameter side-on photomultiplier tubes and is designed for use in combination with the
E989 magnetic shield case (sold separately). It allows a photomultiplier tube to be integrated with a socket assembly.

TACCA0199EB

123

Power and Signal Cables, Connector Adapters


Power and Signal Cables E1168 Series, Connector Adapters A4184 Series
Hamamatsu offers the E1168 series cables for connection of photomultiplier
tube assemblies and their accessories. A variety of cables are available, for
handling high voltage, low voltage and signals.
In addition, Hamamatsu also provides the A4184 series connector adapters
designed for SHV/MHV connector conversion.

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1500

E1168 Series
MHV PLUG

MHV PLUG

TACCA0141EA

TACCF0153

300

A5026 Series
SMA PLUG

SMA PLUG

TACCA0052EA

Selection Guide
For High Voltage
Type No.
E1168
E1168-10
E1168-17
E1168-18
E1168-19
E1168-20

Cable Diameter

Cable Type

Maximum Voltage

RG-59B/U (Red)

6.2 mm

2.3 kV Max.

Custom High Voltage Cable (Red)

6.15 mm 0.3 mm

5 kV Max.

Connector Types
MHV PlugMHV Plug
MHV PlugSHV Plug
SHV PlugSHV Plug
MHV PlugMHV Plug
SHV PlugSHV Plug
MHV PlugSHV Plug

For Low Voltage


Cable Type

Type No.
E1168-24
E1168-26

Connector Types
SR30-10PQ-4PDIN6P Plug
DIN6P PlugDIN6P Plug

Multiconductor Cable with Shield

For Signal
Type No.
E1168-01
E1168-02
E1168-03
E1168-05
A5026
A5026-01

Cable Type

Impedance

3D-2V

50

3C-2V
3D-2V

75
50

SPECIAL COAXIAL CABLE

50

Connector Adapters
Type No.
A4184-02
A4184-03

Connector Types
MHV PlugSHV Jack
SHV PlugMHV Jack

Relay Adapters
Type No.
A5074
A7992

124

Connector Types
SHV JackSHV Jack
BNC JackBNC Jack

Connector Types
N PlugN Plug
N PlugBNC Plug
BNC PlugBNC Plug
BNC PlugBNC Plug
SMA PlugSMA Plug
SMA PlugSMA Jack

Related Products for Photon Counting


Photon Counting Unit C9744
This photon counting unit contains an amplifier and a discriminator to convert
the single photoelectric pulses from a photomultiplier tube into a 5 V digital
signal.
The C9744 has an output linearity up to 1 107 S-1, and a high-speed counter
is not required when set to division by 10.

TACCF0195

Specifications
Parameter
Input Impedance
Discrimination Level (input conversion)
PMT Gain
Prescaler
1
Count Linearity
10
1
Pulse-pair Resolution
10
Output Pulse
1
Output Pulse Width
10
Supply Voltage
Input
Output
Connector
Power
Dimensions (W H D)
Weight
Operating Ambient Temperature / Humidity A
Storage Temperature / Humidity A
NOTE: ANo condensation

Description / Value
50
-0.4 mV to -16 mV
3 106
1 / 10
4 106 s-1
1 107 s-1
25 ns
10 ns
CMOS 5 V, POSITIVE LOGIC
10 ns
Depends on count rate
+5.0 V 0.2 V, 130 mA / -5.0 V 0.2 V, 50 mA
BNC-R
BNC-R
DIN (6 PIN) B
90 mm 32 mm 140 mm (excluding rubber feet and projecting parts)
Approx. 250 g
0 C to +50 C / Below 80 %
-15 C to +60 C / Below 85 %

BSupplied with a cable (1.5 m) attached to the mating plug.

Dimensional Outline

(Unit: mm)
+1.0

INPUT

PRESCALER OUTOPUT
1
10

140 - 0

DISCRI

POWER

MONITOR
()
(+)

PHOTON COUNTING UNIT C9744


+1.0

DIN TYPE (6 PIN)

32

90 - 0

TPHOA0031EA

125

Related Products for Photon Counting


Counting Unit C8855-01
The C8855-01 is a counting unit with a USB interface and can be used as a
photon counter when combined with a photon counting head, etc.
The counter of the C8855-01 includes two counter circuits (double counter
method) capable of counting input signals with no dead time. The USB interface easily connects to a notebook PC allowing measurement in an even wider
application field. When used with a photon counting head, the C8855-01 supplies power (+5 V / 200 mA) necessary to operate the photon counting head.
Since the C8855-01 is hot-swap compatible (plug and play compatible), it
helps you set up measurement environment quickly. You can start
measurement on the day the C8855-01 is delivered by using the sample
software that supplied with the C8855-01.

Time-resolved measurement (minimum resolution: 50 s) for


monitoring chemiluminescence and biological clocks
Quick measurement setups (hot-swap compatible)
When software such as a device driver is installed into your PC
beforehand, you can start measurement by just connecting the USB cable,
without restarting the PC.

Applicable to various measurement methods


The C8855-01 is fully controlled by DLL (dynamic link library) functions that
come with the C8855-01.
All information on these DLL functions is available to support software
programming that handles various types of user measurement
applications.

Since the C8855-01 has an ID switch, a maximum of 16 units


can be connected to one PC and controlled individually.

Specifications
Parameter
Number of Input Signals
Signal Input Level
Input
Signal Pulse Width
Input Impedance
Counter Method
Maximum Count Rate
Counter
Maximum Counter Capacity
Counter Gate Mode
Counter Gate
Internal Counter Gate Time A
Trigger Method
Trigger
External Trigger Signal
ID Switch B
General Output Section
Voltage Output
Compatible OS
Interface
Supply Voltage
Dimensions (W H D)
Weight
Operating Ambient Temperature / Humidity C
Storage Temperature / Humidity C
CE Marking
AC Input
AC Adapter
Output

Description / Value
1 ch
CMOS positive logic (high level: 2 V min.)
8 ns or longer
50
Double counter method
50 MHz
232 counts/counter gate
Internal counter gate only
50 s to 10 s (1, 2, 5 step)
External trigger / Software trigger
TTL negative logic
0 to F(hexadecimal number) Select
Open collector / 2 bits
+5 V / 200 mA Max.
Windows 2000 / XP Pro / Vista Business (32-bit)
USB
+7 V / 500 mA Max. (supplied from AC adapter)
120 mm 30 mm 96 mm (excluding rubber feet and projecting parts)
250 g
+5 C to +45 C / Below 80 %
0 C to +50 C / Below 85 %
Conforms to the IEC 61236-1 GROUP 1, CLASS B
90 V to 264 V
7 V / 1.6 A

NOTE: AThe C8855-01 is not suitable for applications requiring time resolution higher than 50 s. In such applications, use a counting board M9003-01.
BThe ID switch is used to set ID numbers when two or more C8855-01 units are connected to single PC.
CNo condensation
Supplied: CD-ROM (containing instruction manual, device driver, DLL, sample software*, etc.) USB cable, AC adapter, AC cable, power output connector
* Sample software is configured from Lab VIEW of National Instruments, Inc.

126

Counting Board M9003-01


The M9003-01 counting board is a PCI bus add-in board counter that functions as a photon counter when used along with a Hamamatsu photon counting head.
The counter section of the M9003-01 has two counter circuits (double counter method) capable of counting the input signal pulses without any dead
time. The counter operates in either gate counter mode or in reciprocal counter mode. Gate counter mode counts the input signal pulses only during each
gate time produced by the internal oscillator. (Minimum gate time during gate
counter mode is 50 ns.) Reciprocal counter mode counts the number of internal clock pulses generated between input signal pulses.
The M9003-01 does not have its own memory so it sends measurement data
directly to the PC's main memory by DMA (direct memory access) transfer.
This enables measurement of up to 64 Mbytes. External trigger signals can
also be inserted into the count data as timing information.
Counting can also be performed for a predetermined number of gates starting from the input of an external trigger signal (only during gate counter
mode). This allows counting periodic light emission phenomena by integrating their signals after DMA transfer.
Anyone can easily make the initial settings since the M9003-01 is PnP (plug
and play) compatible. You can start making measurements right away after
the M9003-01 is unpacked, by just using the sample software that comes
supplied with the unit.

Specifications
Parameter
Number of Input Signals
Signal Input Level
Input
Signal Pulse Width
Input Impedance (Switchable)
Counter Method
Maximum Count Rate
Counter
Maximum Count Capacity
Gate Time Resolution
Gate
Trigger Method
External Trigger Signal
Trigger
Trigger Signal Pulse Width
Trigger Signal Output Timing
Input Signal
Input Strobe Signal
General I/O
Output Signal
Output Strobe Signal
Compatible OS
Bus Type
Data Transfer Method
Data Transfer Quantity
Data Transfer Rate
Size
Weight
Operating Ambient Temperature / Humidity A
Storage Temperature / Humidity A
CE Marking

Description / Value
2 ch
TTL positive logic
8 ns or longer
50 (at SW ON), 100 k (at SW OFF)
Gate mode B / Reciprocal mode C
50 MHz (gate mode) / 20 MHz (reciprocal mode)
28 / 216 counts (gate mode) / 231 counts (reciprocal mode)
50 ns to 12.75 s
External trigger / Software trigger
TTL negative logic
1 s or more
At start of counting by software trigger
TTL level signal (3 bits)
TTL level signal
Open collector (4 bits)
Open collector
Windows 2000 / XP Pro / Vista Business (32-bit)
PCI bus interface (conforms to Rev 2.1)
DMA transfer (scatter-gather method)
Maximum 64 Mbytes (data quantity transferable by one DMA.)
40 Mbytes/sec (depends on CPU and peripherals)
PCI standard (low profile)
Approx. 80 g
+5 C to +40 C / Below 80 %
0 C to +50 C / Below 85 %
Conforms to the IEC 61236-1 GROUP 1, CLASS B

NOTE: ANo condensation


BGate counter mode counts the input signal pulses only during each specified gate time.
CReciprocal counter mode counts the number of internal clock pulses generated between input signal pulses.
Supplied: CD-ROM (containing instruction manual, device drivers, sample software*, etc.),
Signal cables E1168-22 4 (LEMO-BNC: coaxial 1.5 m), Flat cable plug TXA20A-26PH1-D2P1-D1 (manufactured by JAE)
* Sample software is configured from Lab VIEW of National Instruments, Inc.

127

Electron Multipliers
py and ESCA.
Each type has Cu-BeO dynodes connected by built-in divider
resistors of 1 M per stage. The first dynode can be replaced
by a photocathode of Cs-I, K-Br, and so on for use in VUV
spectroscopy. In applications where the operating vacuum
level is inadequate, the R5150-10 is recommended. In TOFMS applications, the R2362 with mesh dynodes is recommended.

Electron multipliers (also called ion multipliers) are specially


designed for the detection and measurement of electrons,
ions, charged particles, VUV radiation and soft X-rays. Hamamatsu electron multipliers deliver high gain and low noise,
making them ideal for the detection of very small or low energy particles by using the counting method. Especially useful
applications include mass spectroscopy, field ion microscopy
and electron or VUV spectroscopy such as Auger spectrosco-

Dynode

Characteristics

A
Type No.

Outline

Number
of
Stages

Structure

Input
Supply
Material Aperture Voltage
Diameter
(mm)

Gain
Typ.

(V)

Max. Ratings

J
Anode Anode to Anode to
Rise to all Other First
Average Operating
Last
Time Electrode Dynode Dynode Anode
Vacuum
CapaciCurrent
Level
Voltage
Voltage
tance
Typ.
(Pa)
(ns)
(pF)
(V)
(V)
(A)

Head-on Type
2000

5 106

1.7

4.0

3500

350

10

133 10-4

20

3450

105

3.5

23

4000

350

10

133 10-4

Cu-BeO

86

2400

1 106

9.3

5.0

4000

350

10

133 10-4

Box and Grid

Cu-BeO

86

2400

106

9.3

4.0

4000

350

10

133 10-4

Box and Grid

Cu-BeO

12 10

2400

1 106

10

9.0

4000

400

10

133 10-4

Cu-BeO

12 10

3000

12

9.0

5000

400

10

133 10-4

R5150-10

R2362

23

Mesh

Cu-BeO

R474

16

Box and Grid

R515

16

R596

16

R595

17

Box and Line

Box and Grid

20

Cu-BeO

Spectral Response (Cu-BeO)


100

107

Gain

TEM B0021EA

1010

TEM B0022ED

-10

R5
74

,R

51

5,

107

96

R5
15
0

10

R5

95

108

GAIN

106

36
2

R4

QUANTUM EFFICIENCY (%)

109

1
20

40

60

80

100

120

WAVELENGTH (nm)

128

140

160

104
1.0

R2

105

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0 3.5 4.0 4.55.0

SUPPLY VOLTAGE (kV)

Dimensional Outlines (Unit: mm)


1 R5150-10

2 R2362
OUTPUT PIN (P)

OUTPUT PIN (P)

34.0 0.5

8.0 0.3

R17
DY17

GND PIN
R16

50.0 0.1

DY23

44.0 0.1

DY22

20

2-3.2

DY14
R13

RESISTORS

60 MAX.

72 1

66.0 0.5

HAMAMATSU

R1 : 3 M
R2 : 1.5 M
R3 to R17 : 1 M

DY6

R8
R7
R6

DY6
30

R4
DY4

20

11 10

R9

DY7

R5
DY5

R5

DY5

R4

DY4

R3
DY3

IC (DY2)

R2

R3

DY3

HV PIN (DY1)

DY2
DY1

R10

DY8
GND PIN

OUTPUT PIN (P)

R2

DY2

HV PIN (DY1)

MOUNTING
PLATE

TEM A0015EB

TEM A0009EC

4 R515
OUTPUT (P)

2- 3.2

26.0 0.5

GRID
SHIELD (SH)

GRID
26.0 0.5

INPUT
WINDOW
R15
DY16
R14
DY15
R13

2- 3.2

DY14

OUTPUT (P) HOLDER

20.0 0.5 INPUT


WINDOW
6

20.0 0.5

SHIELD (SH)

3 R474

IC PIN (DY2)

R1

DY1

HV PIN

R1 to R23 : 1 M

R11

DY9

1.5

R6

R1

R12

DY10

R7

HV PIN (DY1)
(3- 1.2)

R13

DY11

DY7

OUTPUT PIN (P)

R14

DY13
DY12

DY8
12

R15

DY14

DY11

R8
GND PIN

R16

DY15

R11

DY9

R17

DY16

DY12

R9

R18

DY17

R12

R10

R19

DY18

INPUT WINDOW

DY13

DY10

R20

DY19

R14

GND PIN

R21

DY20

R15
DY15

SHIELD CASE

R22

DY21

DY16
INPUT WINDOW

R23

DY14
R12

R11

DY13

DY12
R10
DY10
R8
DY9
R7

DY12
R10
DY11

79 2

R1 to R15: 1 M

86 MAX.

70 2

90 MAX.

R11

RESISTORS

DY11
R9

R9
R8
DY9

R6

R7

HOLDER

DY7

DY8
R6

R5
DY6

OUTPUT (P)
17.0 0.5

DY7

SHIELD (SH)

R4

DY2 LEAD

R5
DY6

DY5

R4

R3
R2
DY3
R1
DY2

DY2 LEAD
DY1 LEAD

DY1

DY5

DY2 LEAD

21.0 0.5

DY4
DY1 LEAD

R1 to R15 : 1 M

DY10

DY8
SHIELD (SH)

R14
DY15
R13

R12
DY13

RESISTORS

R15
DY16

R3
DY4
R2

2- 3.2

DY3

DY1 LEAD

DY2

DY2 LEAD

DY1

DY1 LEAD

R1
34.0 0.5

OUTPUT (P)

39 MAX.

TEM A0005EC

6 R595

6.5

SHIELD (SH) PIN


R16
DY16

42.0 0.2
12

GND PIN

2- 4.2

DY16 PIN

OUTPUT PIN (P)

6.5

R15

R16
R15

R12

DY15

R11

DY14

R14
150 MAX.
140 MAX.
131 2

130 MAX.
120 MAX.
111.0 1.5

DY12
DY11
R1 to R16 : 1 M

DY10
R9
DY9

R13
DY13
R12
DY12
RESISTORS

R8
R7

DY10

R6

DY9
SHIELD (SH)

R4

DY7

R7
10.0 0.5

R3
DY3
R2
DY2
R1
DY1
3- 3.5

DY3

DY3 PIN

7- 1.5

DY1 PIN
G PIN

DY1

SH
TEM A0007ED

R6
DY6

GND

DY20

DY2 PIN
50.0 0.1
44
30

10.0 0.5
50.0 0.1
44
30
SH

DY8

DY4

R8

R5
DY5

DY2
G

R1 to R20 : 1 M

R9

DY7
DY6

DY20

R11
DY11
R10

DY8

GND

R18

DY16

DY13

7- 1.5

DY19

DY17

R13

R10

DY20 PIN

R19

R17

R14
DY14

SHIELD (SH)

SHIELD (SH) PIN


R20
DY20

DY18

DY15

RESISTORS

GND PIN
SHIELD

GRID

OUTPUT PIN (P)

SHIELD

42.0 0.2
12
2- 4.2

INPUT
WINDOW

10

MOUNTING PLATE

INPUT
WINDOW

10
GRID

MOUNTING PLATE

5 R596

TEM A0006ED

R5
DY5

DY2
G

R4
DY4
R3
DY3

R2
3- 3.5

DY3

DY1

DY2
R1
DY1
G

DY3 PIN
DY2 PIN
DY1 PIN
G PIN
TEM A0008ED

129

Caution and Warranty


SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING
HIGH
VOLTAGE

A high voltage is applied to a photomultiplier tube during operation. Always provide adequate safety measures to prevent the operator or service personnel from electrical shock and the equipment from being damaged.

HANDLING PRECAUTIONS
Handle tubes with extreme care.
Photomultiplier tubes have evacuated glass envelopes.
Allowing the glass to be scratched or subjected to
shock can cause cracks. Take extreme care during
handling, particularly for tubes with graded sealing on
synthetic silica bulbs.
Keep faceplate and base clean.
Do not touch the faceplate and base with bare hands.
Dirt and grime on the faceplate causes loss of transmittance and dirt or grime on the base may cause ohmic
leakage. If the faceplate becomes soiled wipe it clean
using alcohol.

Carefully handle tubes with a glass base.


Photomultiplier tubes with a glass base (also called button stem) are less rugged than tubes with a plastic
base, so sufficient care must be taken when handling
this type of tube. When fabricating a voltage-divider circuit by soldering resistors and capacitors to socket
lugs, solder them while the tube is fully inserted into the
socket.
Helium permeation through silica bulb
Helium will permeate through silica bulbs and increase
noise, leading to damage that makes photomultiplier
tubes unusable. Avoid operating or storing them in an
atmosphere where helium is present.

Do not expose to strong light.


The photocathode of photomultiplier tubes may be
damaged if exposed to direct sunlight or intense illumination. Never allow strong light to strike the photocathode.

WARRANTY
Hamamatsu photomultiplier tubes and related products are
warranted to the original purchaser for a period of 12
months after delivery. The warranty is limited to repair or
replacement of a defective product due to defects in workmanship or materials used in its manufacture.
However, even if within the warranty period the warranty
shall not apply to failures or damages caused by misoperation, mishandling, modification or accidents such as natural or man-made disasters.
The customer should inspect and test all products as soon
as they are delivered.

ORDERING INFORMATION
This catalog lists photomultiplier tubes and related products currently available from Hamamatsu Photonics.
Please select those products that best match your design
specifications. If you do not find the products you want in
this catalog, feel free to contact our sales office nearest
you. We will modify our current products or design new
types to meet your specific needs.

WHEN DISPOSE THE PRODUCT


When disposing of the product, take appropriate measures in compliance with applicable regulations regarding waste disposal and correctly dispose of it yourself, or entrust disposal to a licensed industrial waste disposal company.
In any case, be sure to comply with the regulations in your country, state, region or province to ensure the product is disposed of legally and correctly.

* Characteristics and specifications in this catalog are subject to change without prior notice due to product improvement or other
factors.
Before you design equipment according to the characteristics and specifications of our products listed in this catalog, please contact us to check the product specifications.
130

Typical Photocathode Spectral Response


Spectral Response
Curve Codes

Photocathode
Materials

Window
Materials

Peak Wavelength

Luminous
(Typ.)

Range

(nm)

(nm)

(mA/W) (nm)

PMT Examples

QE

Radiant Sensitivity
(%)

(nm)

Semitransparent Photocathode
K

100M

Cs-I

MgF2

115 to 200

14

140

13

130

R972, R1081, R6835

200S

Cs-Te

Synthetic silica

160 to 320

29

240

16

210

R759, R821, R6834

200M

Cs-Te

MgF2

115 to 320

29

240

17

200

R1080, R6836

201S

Cs-Te

Synthetic silica

160 to 320

31

240

17

210

R2078

400K

Bialkali

Borosilicate

95

300 to 650

88

420

27

390

400U

Bialkali

UV

95

185 to 650

88

420

27

390

R1584

400S

Bialkali

Synthetic silica

95

160 to 650

88

420

27

390

R2496

401K

High temp. Bialkali Borosilicate

40

300 to 650

51

375

17

375

R1288A, R3991A,R4177-01, R4607A-01

402K

Low noise Bialkali

Borosilicate

40

300 to 650

54

375

18

375

R2557, R3550A, R5610A

500K(S-20)

Multialkali

Borosilicate

150

300 to 850

64

420

20

375

500U

Multialkali

UV

150

185 to 850

64

420

25

280

R374, R1463

500S

Multialkali

Synthetic silica

150

160 to 850

64

420

25

280

R375

501K(S-25)

Extended red Multialkali Borosilicate

200

300 to 900

40

600

580

R669, R2066, R2228, R2257

502K

Multialkali

Borosilicate (prism)

230

300 to 900

69

420

20

390

R5070A, R5929

600K

GaAsP

Borosilicate

700

280 to 720

180

550 to 650

40

480 to 530 R3809U-64

601K

Extended red GaAsP Borosilicate

750

280 to 820

160

550 to 650

36

480 to 530 R3809U-63

602K

GaAs

Borosilicate

700

370 to 920

85

750 to 850

12

600 to 750 R3809U-61

700K(S-1)

Ag-O-Cs

Borosilicate

20

400 to 1200

2.2

800

0.36

900S

InP/InGaAsP(CS)

Synthetic silica

950 to 1200

18

1100

1000 to 1100 H10330-25*

901S

InP/InGaAs(CS)

Synthetic silica

950 to 1700

24

1500

1000 to 1550 H10330-75*

740

R329-02, R1307, R1548-07, R1635


R1924A, R5611A-01, R11102, etc.

R550, R649, R1513, R1617, R1878


R1925A

R5108

Semitransparent Photocathode (UBA [Ultra Bialkali], SBA [Super Bialkali])


K

440K

Super Bialkali

Borosilicate

105

300 to 650

110

400

35

350

R7600U-100, R7600U-100-M4,R5900U-100-L16, etc.

441K

Ultra Bialkali

Borosilicate

135

300 to 650

130

400

43

350

R7600U-200, R7600U-200-M4,R5900U-200-L16, etc.

442K

Super Bialkali

Borosilicate

105

230 to 700

110

400

35

350

R9880U-110

443K

Ultra Bialkali

Borosilicate

135

230 to 700

130

400

43

350

R9880U-210

Reflection Mode Photocathode


K

150M

Cs-I

MgF2

115 to 195

25.5

130

26

125

R8487, R10825

250S

Cs-Te

Synthetic silica

160 to 320

62

230

37

210

R6354, R7154

250M

Cs-Te

MgF2

115 to 320

63

200

35

220

R8486, R10824

350U(S-5)

Sb-Cs

UV

40

185 to 650

48

340

20

280

R6350

452U

Bialkali

UV

120

185 to 750

90

420

30

260

R3788, R6352

453K

Bialkali

Borosilicate

60

300 to 650

60

400

20

370

R11558

453U

Bialkali

UV

60

185 to 650

60

400

23

330

R11568

456U

Low noise Bialkali

UV

60

185 to 680

60

400

19

300

R1527, R4220, R5983, R6353, R7518

550U

Multialkali

UV

150

185 to 850

45

530

15

250

R6355

552U

Multialkali

UV

200

185 to 900

68

400

26

260

R2949

555U

Multialkali

UV

525

185 to 900

90

450

30

260

R3896, R9110, R9220

556U

Multialkali

UV

200

185 to 850

80

430

27

280

R4632

557U

Multialkali

UV

650

185 to 900

109

450

35

260

R10699

561U

Multialkali

UV

200

185 to 830

70

530

24

250

R6358

562U

Multialkali

UV

300

185 to 900

76

400

26

260

R928, R5984

650U

GaAs

UV

550

185 to 930

62

300 to 800

23

300

R636-10

650S

GaAs

Synthetic silica

550

160 to 930

62

300 to 800

23

300

R943-02

850U

InGaAs

UV

100

185 to 1010

40

400

14

330

R2658

851K

InGaAs

Borosilicate

150

300 to 1040

50

400

16

370

R3310-02*

950K

InP/InGaAsP(Cs)

Borosilicate

300 to 1400

21

1300

1000 to 1300 R5509-43*

951K

InP/InGaAs(Cs)

Borosilicate

300 to 1700

24

1500

1000 to 1500 R5509-73*

: Spectral response characteristics vary from tube to tube, so the above values may differ from actual data.
K: Spectral response curves are shown on page 132, 133
* : Products marked are not listed in this catalog.

131

PHOTOCATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)

SEMITRANSPARENT PHOTOCATHODE SPECTRAL RESPONSE CHARACTERISTICS


1000
800
600
400

TRANSMISSION MODE PHOTOCATHODE


441K
440K

200
100
80
60
40

NCY
FFICIE

TUM E

QUAN

50 %
25 %

10 %
5%
2.5 %

200M
400K

20

1%

401K, 402K

10
8
6
4

400U
100M

0.5 %
.25 %

400S

200S

0.1 %

1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0.1
100

200

300

400

500 600 700 800 1000 1200 1500 1800

PHOTOCATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)

WAVELENGTH (nm)

132

1000
800
600
400

TPMOB0077EG

TRANSMISSION MODE PHOTOCATHODE

600K

200

TU

QUAN

602K

100
80
60
40

500K

601K
901S

500S

502K

20

10 %
5%
2.5 %

1%
0.5 %

500U

10
8
6
4

0.25 %

2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4

0%
25 %

NCY 5

ICIE
M EFF

0.1 %
501K
900S

700K

0.2
100

200

300

400

500 600 700 800 1000 1200 1500 1800

WAVELENGTH (nm)

TPMOB0078EH

PHOTOCATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)

OPAQUE PHOTOCATHODE SPECTRAL RESPONSE CHARACTERISTICS


1000
800
600
400

REFLECTION MODE PHOTOCATHODE

NCY
FFICIE

TUM E

QUAN

200
100
80
60
40

50 %
25 %

10 %
5%

456U

150M

2.5 %

350U

20
10
8
6
4

1%

250S

250M

0.5 %
.25 %

452U

0.1 %

1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
100

200

300

400

500 600 700 800 1000 1200 1500 1800

PHOTOCATHODE RADIANT SENSITIVITY (mA/W)

WAVELENGTH (nm)
1000
800
600
400

TPMOB0079EG

REFLECTION MODE PHOTOCATHODE

TU

QUAN

200

10
8
6
4

10 %
5%

555U

100
80
60
40
20

2.5 %

650S
552U
650U

0.1 %

851K
562U

0.2
100

1%
0.5 %
%
0.25

2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4

0%
25 %

NCY 5

ICIE
M EFF

950K
951K

200

300

400

500 600 700 800 1000 1200 1500 1800

WAVELENGTH (nm)

TPMOB0080EJ

133

Notes
A Types marked are newly listed in this catalog.
B See pages 132 and 133 for typical spectral response charts.
C Photocathode materials
BA :
Bialkali
LBA :
Low noise bialkali
HBA :
High temperature bialkali
SBA :
Super bialkali
UBA :
Ultra bialkali
MA :
Multialkali
EMA :
Extended red multialkali
DIA :
Diamond
Other photocathodes are indicated by the element symbols.
D Window materials
MF :
Q:
K:
U:

MgF2
Quartz (Fused silica or synthetic silica)
Borosilicate glass
UV glass

E Base diagram
BASING DIAGRAM SYMBOLS
All base diagrams show terminals viewed from the base end of the tube.
Each symbol used in basing diagrams signifies the following.
Short (Index)
Pin
DY : Dynode
Pin

key

G : Grid
ACC : Accelerating electrode
K : Photocathode
P : Anode
SH : Shield
IC : Internal connection (Do not use.)
Semiflexible
NC
: No connection (Do not use.)
Lead

F Dynode structure
B:
VB :
CC :
L:
B+L:
C+L:
FM :
CM :
MC :

Box-and-grid
Venetian blind
Circular-cage
Linear-focused
Box and linear-focused
Circular and Linear-focused
Fine mesh
Coarse mesh
Metal channel

G See page 92, 93 for suitable socket assemblies.


See page 76, 77 for suitable sockets E678 series.
*: A socket will be supplied with the tube.
No mark: Sockets may be obtained from electronics supply houses
or our sales office.
H Operating ambient temperature range for the photomultiplier itself
is -30 C to +50 C except for some types of tubes.
However, when photomultiplier tubes are operated below -30 C at
their base section, please consult us in advance.
J Averaged over any interval of 30 seconds maximum.
K Measured at the peak sensitivity wavelength.
L See page 74 for voltage distribution ratio.
M Anode characteristics are measured with the supply voltage and
voltage distribution ratio specified by Note L.
Cathode and anode characteristics are measured under the following
conditions if noted.
a at 122 nm
b at 254 nm
c at 852 nm
d at 4 A/lm
e at 10 A/lm
f Dark count per second (s-1)
g Dark count per second (s-1) after one hour storage at -20 C
h Measured using a red filter Toshiba IR-D80A
i at 1 106 gain

How to Use This Folding Page


To read this catalog, open this page
as shown below.
"NOTES" are listed on the inside of this
page so that you can refer to them while
looking at the specification tables.

Related Product Catalogs


Photomultiplier Tube Modules

PHOTOMULTIPLIER
TUBE MODULES

PHOTOMULTIPLIER
TUBE MODULES

The photomultiplier tube module is basically comprised of a photomultiplier


tube, a high-voltage power supply circuit to operate the photomultiplier tube,
and a voltage divider circuit to distribute
the optimum voltage to each dynode,
all integrated into a compact case. In
addition to these basic configurations,
Hamamatsu also provides modules
having various added functions such as
signal conversion, photon counting,
cooling and interfacing to a PC.

Photomultiplier Tubes and Assemblies


for Scintillation Counting & High Energy Physics
PHOTOMULTIPLIER TUBES
AND ASSEMBLIES

This catalog is a selection guide for Hamamatsu photomultiplier tubes and assemblies specially fabricated and selected for scintillation counting and high
energy physics applications. These
photomultiplier tubes offer high quantum efficiency, high energy resolution,
wide dynamic range and fast time response, as well as remarkable resistance to harsh environments ranging
from strong magnetic fields to high temperatures. A wide variety of products
are listed here ranging in diameter from
3/8 inches up to 20 inches.

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K., Electron Tube Division


314-5, Shimokanzo, Iwata City, Shizuoka Pref., 438-0193, Japan
Telephone: (81)539/62-5248, Fax: (81)539/62-2205
www.hamamatsu.com

Main Products

Sales Offices

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Asia:
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.
325-6, Sunayama-cho, Naka-ku,
Hamamatsu City, 430-8587, Japan
Telephone: (81)53-452-2141, Fax: (81)53-456-7889
E-mail: intl-div@hq.hpk.co.jp

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U.S.A.:
HAMAMATSU CORPORATION
Main Office
360 Foothill Road, P.O. BOX 6910,
Bridgewater, N.J. 08807-0910, U.S.A.
Telephone: (1)908-231-0960, Fax: (1)908-231-1218
E-mail: usa@hamamatsu.com
Western U.S.A. Office:
Suite 200, 2875 Moorpark Avenue
San Jose, CA 95128, U.S.A.
Telephone: (1)408-261-2022, Fax: (1)408-261-2522
E-mail: usa@hamamatsu.com
United Kingdom:
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS UK LIMITED
Main Office
2 Howard Court, 10 Tewin Road, Welwyn Garden City,
Hertfordshire AL7 1BW, United Kingdom
Telephone: 44-(0)1707-294888, Fax: 44-(0)1707-325777
E-mail: info@hamamatsu.co.uk
South Africa Office:
PO Box 1112, Buccleuch 2066,
Johannesburg, Repubic of South Africa
Telephone/Fax: (27)11-802-5505
France, Portugal, Belgium, Switzerland, Spain:
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS FRANCE S.A.R.L.
Main Office
19, Rue du Saule Trapu Parc du Moulin de Massy
91882 Massy CEDEX, France
Telephone: (33)1 69 53 71 00
Fax: (33)1 69 53 71 10
E-mail: infos@hamamatsu.fr
Swiss Office:
Dornacherplatz 7
4500 Solothurn, Switzerland
Telephone: (41)32/625 60 60,
Fax: (41)32/625 60 61
E-mail: swiss@hamamatsu.ch

REVISED NOV. 2010


Information in this catalog is
believed to be reliable. However,
no responsibility is assumed for
possible inaccuracies or omission.
Specifications are subject to
change without notice. No patent
rights are granted to any of the
circuits described herein.
2010 Hamamatsu Photonics K.K.

Germany, Denmark, The Netherlands, Poland:


HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS DEUTSCHLAND GmbH
Main Office
Arzbergerstr. 10,
D-82211 Herrsching am Ammersee, Germany
Telephone: (49)8152-375-0, Fax: (49)8152-2658
E-mail: info@hamamatsu.de
Danish Office:
Please contact Hamamatsu Photonics Deutschland GmbH.
The Netherlands Office:
PO Box 50.075, NL-1305 AB Almere Netherlands
Telephone: (31)36-5382-123, Fax: (31)36-5382-124
E-mail: info@hamamatsu.nl
Poland Office:
ul. sw. A. Boboli 8,
02-525 Warszawa, Poland
Telephone: (48)22-646-00-16, Fax: (48)22-646-00-18
E-mail: info@hamamatsu.de
North Europe and CIS:
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS NORDEN AB
Main Office
Smidesvgen 12,
SE-171 41 Solna, Sweden
Telephone: (46)8-509-031-00, Fax: (46)8-509-031-01
E-mail: info@hamamatsu.se
Russian Office:
Vyatskaya St. 27, bld. 15
RU-127015, Moscow, Russia
Phone: +7-(495)-258-85-18, Fax: +7-(495)-258-85-19
E-mail: info@hamamatsu.ru
Italy:
HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS ITALIA S.R.L.
Main Office
Strada della Moia, 1/E
20020 Arese (Milano), Italy
Telephone: (39)02-93 58 1733, Fax: (39)02-93 58 1741
E-mail: info@hamamatsu.it
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Telephone: (39)06-50513454, Fax: (39)06-50513460
E-mail: inforoma@hamamatsu.it

Belgian Office:
Scientic Park, 7, Rue du Bosquet
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Telephone: (32)10 45 63 34
Fax: (32)10 45 63 67
E-mail: epirson@hamamatsu.com
Spanish Office:
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Phone: +34 93 582 44 30
Fax: +34 93 582 44 31
E-mail: infospain@hamamatsu.es

Quality, technology, and service are part of every product.

TPMZ0001E01
NOV. 2010 IP
Printed in Japan (6000)