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H$moS> Z.

Series SSO

Code No.

amob Z.


narjmWu H$moS >H$mo Cma-nwpVH$m Ho$ _wI-n

>na Ad` {bIo &

Roll No.

Candidates must write the Code on the

title page of the answer-book.

H$n`m OmM H$a b| {H$ Bg Z-n _o _w{V n> 19 h &

Z-n _| Xm{hZo hmW H$s Amoa {XE JE H$moS >Z~a H$mo N>m Cma -nwpVH$m Ho$ _wI-n> na
{bI| &
H$n`m OmM H$a b| {H$ Bg Z-n _| >26 Z h &
H$n`m Z H$m Cma {bIZm ew$ H$aZo go nhbo, Z H$m H$_mH$ Ad` {bI| &
Bg Z-n H$mo nT>Zo Ho$ {bE 15 {_ZQ >H$m g_` {X`m J`m h & Z-n H$m {dVaU nydm
_| 10.15 ~Oo {H$`m OmEJm & 10.15 ~Oo go 10.30 ~Oo VH$ N>m Ho$db Z-n H$mo nT>|Jo
Ama Bg Ad{Y Ho$ XmamZ do Cma-nwpVH$m na H$moB Cma Zht {bI|Jo &
Please check that this question paper contains 19 printed pages.
Code number given on the right hand side of the question paper should be
written on the title page of the answer-book by the candidate.
Please check that this question paper contains 26 questions.
Please write down the Serial Number of the question before
attempting it.
15 minute time has been allotted to read this question paper. The question
paper will be distributed at 10.15 a.m. From 10.15 a.m. to 10.30 a.m., the
students will read the question paper only and will not write any answer on
the answer-book during this period.

^m{VH$ {dkmZ (gmpVH$)

PHYSICS (Theory)
{ZYm[aV g_` : 3 KQ>o

A{YH$V_ AH$ : 70

Time allowed : 3 hours


Maximum Marks : 70


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gm_m` {ZX}e :

g^r Z A{Zdm` h & Bg Z-n _| Hw$b 26 Z h &


Bg Z-n Ho$ 5 ^mJ h : IS> A, IS> ~, IS> g, IS> X Ama IS> ` &


IS> A _| 5 Z h, `oH$ H$m 1 AH$ h & IS> ~ _| 5 Z h, `oH$ Ho$ 2 AH$ h &
IS> g _| 12 Z h, `oH$ Ho$ 3 AH$ h & IS> X _| 4 AH$ H$m EH$ _y`mYm[aV Z
h Ama IS> ` _| 3 Z h, `oH$ Ho$ 5 AH$ h &


Z-n _| g_J na H$moB {dH$n Zht h & VWm{n, Xmo AH$m| dmbo EH$ Z _|, VrZ AH$m|
dmbo EH$ Z _| Ama nmM AH$m| dmbo VrZm| Zm| _| AmV[aH$ M`Z XmZ {H$`m J`m h &
Eogo Zm| _| AmnH$mo {XE JE M`Z _| go Ho$db EH$ Z hr H$aZm h &


Ohm Amd`H$ hmo Amn {ZZ{b{IV ^m{VH$ {Z`VmH$m| Ho$ _mZm| H$m Cn`moJ H$a gH$Vo h :
c = 3 108 m/s
h = 6.63 1034 Js
e = 1.6 1019 C
o = 4 107 T m A1
o = 8.854 1012 C2 N1 m2

= 9 109 N m2 C2
4 o
me = 9.1 1031 kg

`yQ>mZ H$m `_mZ = 1.675 1027 kg

moQ>mZ H$m `_mZ = 1.673 1027 kg
AmdmoJmmo g`m = 6.023 1023 {V Jm_ _mob
~moQ>O_mZ {Z`VmH$ = 1.38 1023 JK1


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General Instructions :

All questions are compulsory. There are 26 questions in all.


This question paper has five sections : Section A, Section B, Section C,

Section D and Section E.


Section A contains five questions of one mark each, Section B contains

five questions of two marks each, Section C contains twelve questions of
three marks each, Section D contains one value based question of
four marks and Section E contains three questions of five marks each.


There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided

in one question of two marks, one question of three marks and all the three
questions of five marks weightage. You have to attempt only one of the
choices in such questions.


You may use the following values of physical constants wherever

necessary :
c = 3 108 m/s
h = 6.63 1034 Js
e = 1.6 1019 C
o = 4 107 T m A1
o = 8.854 1012 C2 N1 m2

= 9 109 N m2 C2
4 o
me = 9.1 1031 kg
Mass of neutron = 1.675 1027 kg
Mass of proton = 1.673 1027 kg
Avogadros number = 6.023 1023 per gram mole
Boltzmann constant = 1.38 1023 JK1



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Xmo YZm_H$ Amdoe EH$-Xgao go Hw$N> Xar na pWV h & BZHo$ H$maU {dwV-jo aoImAm| H$m
{MU H$s{OE &

Depict the electric field lines due to two positive charges kept a certain
distance apart.

`hm {H$aU AmaoI _| aoIm

h `m AdVb &


EH$ b|g H$mo {Z${nV H$aVr h & ~VmBE {H$ `h b|g Cmb

The line AB in the ray diagram represents a lens. State whether the lens
is convex or concave.


dmQ>hrZ Ymam nX H$mo n[a^m{fV H$s{OE &

Define the term wattless current.


gMma `dWm _| nwZamdVH$m| H$m Cn`moJ `m| hmoVm h

Why are repeaters used in communication system ?


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Xmo gdg_ (EH$-go) {H$Vw {^ nXmWmo Ho$ MmbH$ A VWm B Ho$ {bE I V Jm\$ (AmboI)
`hm XemE JE h & BZ XmoZm| _| go {H$g MmbH$ H$s {VamoYH$Vm A{YH$ h ?

I V graph for two identical conductors of different materials A and B is

shown in the figure. Which one of the two has higher resistivity ?

IS> ~

S>`yQ>amZm| VWm -H$Um| H$mo g_mZ {d^d mam d[aV {H$`m OmVm h & BZ XmoZm| go g~
Xo ~mbr VaJX`mo _| AZwnmV kmV H$s{OE &

Deuterons and -particles are accelerated through the same potential.

Find the ratio of the associated de Broglie wavelengths of the two.

ZrMo {XE JE AmaoI _| {H$gr na_mUw Ho$ D$Om Va XemE JE h &

BZ_| go H$mZ-go gH$_U bmB_Z VWm ~m_a lo{U`m| Ho$ {bE h

H$s `yZV_ VaJX`mo H$m AZwnmV n[aH${bV H$s{OE &

bmB_Z VWm ~m_a lo{U`m|


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The energy levels of an atom are given below in the diagram.

Which of the transitions belong to Lyman and Balmer series ? Calculate

the ratio of the shortest wavelengths of the Lyman and the Balmer series
of the spectra.

Am`m_ _mSw>{bV {H$gr VaJ H$m A{YH$V_ Am`m_ 10 V VWm `yZV_ Am`m_ 2 V h &
_mSw>bZ gyMH$mH$ H$m _mZ kmV H$s{OE &
`{X `yZV_ Am`m_ ey` dmoQ> hmo, Vmo H$m _mZ `m hmoJm ? Ho$ _mZ H$mo gm_m`V:
EH$ (1) go H$_ `m| aIm OmVm h ?

For an amplitude modulated wave, the maximum amplitude is found to

be 10 V while the minimum amplitude is 2 V. Determine the value of
modulation index .
What would be the value of if the minimum amplitude is zero volt ?
Why is generally kept less than 1 ?

H$mM Ho$ EH$ {_ H$m H$moU A h & BgHo$ EH$ \$bH$ na Amn{VV H$me H$s EH$ {H$aU
H$m AmnVZ H$moU 2A h & {_ go And{VV {H$aU CgHo$ {dnarV \$bH$ go Q>H$amVr h Omo
aO{VV (M_H$sbm) h & Bggo namd{VV {H$aU Cgr _mJ na dmng Mbr OmVr h & Bg
n[aKQ>Zm Ho$ {bE {H$aU AmaoI ~ZmBE VWm {_ Ho$ nXmW Ho$ AndVZmH$ VWm {_ Ho$
H$moU Ho$ ~rM g~Y kmV H$s{OE &

30 cm

\$moH$g Xar Ho$ Cmb b|g go EH$ dVw 40 cm Xa aIr h & `{X Cmb b|g VWm
{V{~~ Ho$ ~rM 50 cm \$moH$g Xar H$m AdVb b|g Bg Cmb b|g go 20 cm Xar na
aI {X`m OmVm h, Vmo Bggo {V{~~ H$s pW{V _| n[adVZ kmV H$s{OE &

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A ray of light incident on one of the faces of a glass prism of angle A has
angle of incidence 2A. The refracted ray in the prism strikes the opposite
face which is silvered, the reflected ray from it retracing its path. Trace
the ray diagram and find the relation between the refractive index of the
material of the prism and the angle of the prism.
An object is placed 40 cm from a convex lens of focal length 30 cm. If a
concave lens of focal length 50 cm is introduced between the convex lens
and the image formed such that it is 20 cm from the convex lens, find the
change in the position of the image.

`hm XemE JE n[anW AmaoI _|, AB EH$g_mZ _moQ>mB VWm 1 m b~mB H$m EH$ Vma h
Ama BgH$m {VamoY 15 h & `h Vma 2 V {dwV-dmhH$ ~b (B.E_.E\$.) VWm ZJ`
AmV[aH$ {VamoY Ho$ EH$ gob E1 VWm EH$ {VamoY R go OwS>m h & EH$ A` gob E2 Ho$
{bE gVwbZ {~X, {gao A go 30 cm Xar na mV hmoVm h & `{X gob E2 H$m {dwV-dmhH$
~b (B.E_.E\$.) 75 mV h, Vmo {VamoY R H$m _mZ kmV H$s{OE &

In the circuit diagram shown, AB is a uniform wire of resistance 15

and length 1 m. It is connected to a cell E1 of emf 2 V and negligible
internal resistance and a resistance R. The balance point with another
cell E2 of emf 75 mV is found at 30 cm from end A. Calculate the value of
the resistance R.



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IS> g

600 pF

Ho$ EH$ gYm[a H$mo 200 V H$s gbmB go Amdo{eV {H$`m OmVm h & {\$a BgH$mo
gbmB go hQ>mH$a 300 pF Ho$ EH$ A` AZmdo{eV gYm[a go OmoS> {X`m OmVm h & Bg
{H$`m _| pWa-dwV D$Om H$s {H$VZr hm{Z hB, n[aH$bZ H$s{OE & D$Om H$s Bg hm{Z H$m
moV (H$maU) `m h ?

A 600 pF capacitor is charged by a 200 V supply. It is then disconnected

from the supply and is connected to another uncharged 300 pF capacitor.
Calculate how much electrostatic energy is lost in the process. What is
the source of energy loss ?

{ZZ{b{IV H$ma H$s {dwV-Mw~H$s` VaJ| {H$g H$ma Cn hmoVr h

gy_ VaJ|
Ada$ VaJ|
Cn`w$ {dwV-Mw~H$s` {d{H$aUm| Ho$ Xmo-Xmo _wI Cn`moJ {b{IE &

How are the following types of electromagnetic waves produced :




Infra-red waves

Write two important uses of each of the above electromagnetic radiations.



g{Y S>m`moS> Ho$ {bE (i) AJ{X{eH$ ~m`g VWm (ii) nM{X{eH$ ~m`g _|, V I
A{^bmj{UH$ dH$ Ho$ A``Z Ho$ {bE n[anW `dWm ~ZmBE & {g{bH$Z S>m`moS> Ho$ {bE
$nr V I A{^bmj{UH$ dH$ ~ZmBE &
{ZZ{b{IV nXm| H$m gjon _| dUZ H$s{OE :
AJ{X{eH$ ~m`g _| Anme dmhH$ AV:jonU (BOoeZ)
nM{X{eH$ ~m`g _| ^OZ dmoQ>Vm

Draw the circuit arrangement for studying the V I characteristics of a

p-n junction diode (i) in forward bias and (ii) in reverse bias. Draw the
typical V I characteristics of a silicon diode.
Describe briefly the following terms :

minority carrier injection in forward bias


breakdown voltage in reverse bias


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AmBQ>mBZ Ho$ {MU _| H$me-{dwV CgOZ go g~ _yb map^H$ H$_ H$m
gjon _| dUZ H$s{OE &
O~ {H$gr H$me-gdoXr nXmW na v Amd{m H$m H$me nS>Vm ({H$a{UV hmoVm) h,
Vmo Cg{OV BboQ>mZm| H$s A{YH$V_ Mmb H$mo Vmax go H$Q> {H$`m OmVm h &
Amd{m v Ho$ gmW Vmax
Ho$ _mZ _| n[adVZ ({dMbZ) H$mo AmaoI _| Xem`m J`m
h &

AmBQ>mBZ Ho$ H$me-{dwV g_rH$aU Ho$ Cn`moJ go (i) bmH$ pWamH$ VWm
(ii) {XE JE Bg H$me-gdoXr nXmW Ho$ H$m` \$bZ Ho$ {bE `OH$, mMbm| l, n
VWm BboQ>mZ Ho$ `_mZ m Ho$ nXm| _| mV H$s{OE &

Give a brief description of the basic elementary process involved in

the photoelectric emission in Einsteins picture.


When a photosensitive material is irradiated with the light of

frequency v, the maximum speed of electrons is given by Vmax . A
plot of Vmax is found to vary with frequency v as shown in the

Use Einsteins photoelectric equation to find the expressions for

(i) Plancks constant and (ii) work function of the given
photosensitive material, in terms of the parameters l, n and mass
m of the electron.


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{H$gr n-p-n Q>m{OQ>a Ho$ C^`{ZR> CgOH$ {d`mg _| {Zdoe VWm {ZJV A{^bjUm| H$m
A``Z H$aZo Ho$ {bE n[anW AmaoI ~ZmBE & gjon _| n> H$s{OE {H$ Bg `dWm H$m
Cn`moJ, {H$gr Q>m{OQ>a Ho$ $nr {Zdoe/{ZJV A{^bmj{UH$ dH$ mV H$aZo Ho$ {bE H$go
{H$`m OmVm h & {Zdoe/{ZJV dH$m| H$s H${V H$mo XemZo Ho$ {bE Jm\$ ~ZmBE &

nyU VaJ {XQ>H$mar H$m EH$ Zm_m{H$V n[anW AmaoI ~ZmBE & Bg_o `w$ (AY:em`r)
{gmV VWm BgH$s H$m`{d{Y H$mo g_PmBE & {Zdoe VWm {ZJV VaJ$nm| H$mo XemBE &

{Z`XZ ({\$Q>[aJ) _| gYm[a H$s ^y{_H$m H$m gjon _| dUZ H$s{OE &
Draw a circuit diagram to study the input and output characteristics of
an n-p-n transistor in common emitter configuration. Explain briefly how









characteristics of a transistor. Draw the graphs showing the nature of

input/output curves.
Draw a labelled circuit diagram of a full wave rectifier. Explain its
underlying principle and working. Depict the input and output
Describe briefly the role of a capacitor in filtering.


gmBbmoQ>mZ H$m `dWm aoIm{M ~ZmBE & BgH$m H$m`H$mar {gmV n> H$s{OE & Bg
_erZ H$m Cn`moJ Amdo{eV H$Um| H$mo d[aV H$aZo _| H$go hmoVm h, `h XemZo Ho$ {bE
Amd`H$ J{UVr` `OH$ mV H$s{OE &

Draw a schematic sketch of a cyclotron. Explain its working principle.

Obtain the necessary mathematical expression to show how this machine
is used to accelerate charged particles.


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Xmo EH$dUu VaJm|

y1 = a cos t, y2 = a cos (t + )

Ho$ A`mamonU Ho$ H$maU {H$gr {~X na n[aUm_r VrdVm Ho$ {bE `OH$ {b{IE, Ohm
VaJm| Ho$ ~rM H$bmVa h Ama a VWm
`J Ho$ EH$ {-{Par `moJ _|,



CZHo$ Am`m_ VWm H$moUr` Amd{m h &

VaJX` Ho$ EH$dUu H$me H$m Cn`moJ {H$`m OmVm h &

nXo Ho$ EH$ {~X na, Ohm nWmVa h, H$me H$s VrdVm k BH$mB h & nXo Ho$ Cg {~X na
VrdVm kmV H$s{OE, Ohm na nWmVa /4 h &

Write the expression for the resultant intensity at a point due to the
superposition of two monochromatic waves
y1 = a cos t, y2 = a cos (t + )
where is the phase difference between the two waves and a and
denote the amplitude and angular frequency.
In Youngs double slit experiment using monochromatic light of
wavelength , the intensity of light at a point on the screen where path
difference is is k units. Find the intensity at a point on the screen
where path difference is /4.


H$nZm H$s{OE {H$ AmnH$mo l` (Am{S>`mo) Amd{m namg _| EH$ BboQ>m{ZH$ gHo$V H$mo
grYo Xa pWV {H$gr WmZ VH$ gm[aV H$aZm h & Bg g~Y _| VrZ _wI H$maH$m| H$m
gjon _| dUZ H$s{OE Omo AmnHo$ Bg H$m` _| H$mdQ> S>mbVo h VWm nQ> H$s{OE {H$ BZ
H$maH$m| H$mo Amn H$go Xa H$a|Jo ?

Suppose you wish to transmit an electronic signal in the audio frequency

range over a long distance directly. Write briefly the three important
factors which prevent you from doing so and explain how you overcome
these factors.



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`_mZ g`m Ho$ \$bZ Ho$ $n _| {V `ypbAmZ ~YZ D$Om Ho$ {dMbZ
(n[adVZ) H$mo XemZo Ho$ {bE EH$ Jm\$ ~ZmBE & na_mUw `_mZm| Ho$
30 < A < 170 n[aga _| ~YZ D$Om {V `ypbAmZ H$m _mZ `mdhm[aH$ $n go
{Z`V ahVm h & Bg V` H$s `m`m Zm{^H$s` ~bm| Ho$ H$mZ-go JwUY_ mam hmoVr
h ?


{H$gr ao{S>`moEopQ>d Zm{^H$

hmoVm h :

H$m j` ({dKQ>Z) loUrH$_ _| {ZZm{H$V H$ma go

A A 1 A 2 A 3

`{X A3 H$s `_mZ g`m VWm na_mmw H$_mH$ H$_e:

`_mZ g`m VWm na_mUw H$_mH$ kmV H$s{OE &




h, Vmo



Plot a graph showing the variation of binding energy per nucleon

as a function of mass number. Which property of nuclear force
explains the approximate constancy of binding energy in the range
30 < A < 170 ?


A radioactive nucleus A undergoes series of decays shown in the

following scheme :

A A 1 A 2 A 3
If the mass number and atomic number of A3 are 176 and 69
respectively, find the mass number and atomic number of A.

Cn`w$ AmaoI H$s ghm`Vm go gjon _| dUZ H$s{OE {H$ `m hmoVm h O~ AYw{dV H$me
Xmo gdg_ nmoboamBS>m| go hmoH$a JwOaVm h {Og_| nhbm nmoboamBS> AnZr pW{V _| pWa ahVm
h Ama Xgao H$mo nhbo Ho$ gmnoj Kw_m`m OmVm h & YwdH$ VWm {dbofH$ Ho$ ~rM H$moU na
nmaJ{_V H$me H$s VrdVm H$s {Z^aVm H$mo XemZo Ho$ {bE EH$ Jm\$ ~ZmBE & nQ> H$s{OE
{H$ VrdVm Ho$ Bg {dMbZ (n[adVZ) H$mo _obg {Z`_ go H$go g_Pm Om gH$Vm h &

Discuss briefly, with the help of a suitable diagram, what happens when
unpolarised light passes through two identical polaroids where the
orientation of one polaroid is fixed and the second is rotated with respect
to the one. Draw a graph showing the dependence of intensity of
transmitted light on the angle between the polariser and analyser.
Explain clearly how one understands this variation using Malus law.


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Ho$ EH$ {VamoYH$ VWm 100/

E.gr. (a.c.) gbmB go OmoS>m J`m h &


Ho$ EH$ gYm[a H$mo

220 V, 50 Hz



n[anW _| {dwV Ymam Ho$ _mZ H$m n[aH$bZ H$s{OE &


n{VamoYH$ VWm gYm[a Ho$ {gam| Ho$ ~rM (rms) dmoQ>Vm Ho$ _mZ H$m n[aH$bZ
H$s{OE & `m BZ XmoZm| dmoQ>VmAm| H$m ~rOJ{UVr` `moJ\$b, moV H$s dmoQ>Vm go
A{YH$ h ? `{X hm, Vmo Amn Bg {damoYm^mg H$m g_mYmZ H$go H$a|Jo ?

A resistor of 100 and a capacitor of 100/ F are connected in series to

a 220 V, 50 Hz a.c. supply.

Calculate the current in the circuit.


Calculate the (rms) voltage across the resistor and the capacitor.
Do you find the algebraic sum of these voltages more than the
source voltage ? If yes, how do you resolve the paradox ?


{H$gr YmpdH$ MmbH$ Ho$ {gam| Ho$ ~rM

{d^d Amamo{nV H$aZo na Andmh H$s n[aKQ>Zm

H$go K{Q>V hmoVr h, gjon _| nQ> H$s{OE & Bggo Amdoe dmhH$m| Ho$ Andmh doJ nX H$mo
n[a^m{fV H$s{OE Ama XemBE {H$ Ymam KZd
{ZZ{b{IV g~Y h

j VWm

AZw`w$ {dwV-jo

Ho$ ~rM

j =E,


nXmW H$s MmbH$Vm H$mo n[a^m{fV H$aVm h &

When a metallic conductor is subjected to a certain potential V across its

ends, discuss briefly how the phenomenon of drift occurs. Hence define
the term drift velocity of charge carriers and show that the current

density j is related to the applied electric field E by the relation

j =E,
where defines the conductivity of the material.



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Xr{nH$m Ama {MH$m H$mo CZHo$ {ejH$ Zo JdoZmo_rQ>a Ho$ Cn`moJ go EH$ `moJ H$aZo H$mo
H$hm & `moJ H$aZo go nyd XmoZm| {dmWu `h OmZZo H$mo CgwH$ Wo {H$ EH$ N>moQ>o go ~mg Ho$
AmH$ma _| Ch| {XE JE JdoZmo_rQ>a Ho$ {d{^ ^mJ `m h & Chm|Zo AnZo {ejH$ go
JdoZmo_rQ>a H$mo ImobH$a XoIZo H$s Amkm _mJr & {ejH$ Zo ^r gmoMm {H$ JdoZmo_rQ>a H$mo
nyar H$jm Ho$ gm_Zo ImobZm EH$ AN>m {dMma h & Chm|Zo JdoZmo_rQ>a H$mo ImobH$a CgH$s
gaMZm VWm H$m`{d{Y H$mo nyar H$jm H$mo g_Pm`m &
Cn`w$ namJm\$ Ho$ AmYma na, {ZZ{b{IV Zm| Ho$ Cma Xr{OE


AmnHo$ {dMma go Xr{nH$m, {MH$m d CZHo$ {ejH$ mam {H$Z JwUm| H$m XeZ {H$`m
J`m ?


JdoZmo_rQ>a Ho$ H$m` H$aZo Ho$ {gmV H$mo gjon _| {b{IE &


Bg_| `w$ Mw~H$ {H$g AmH$ma H$m h Ama Bgo Bg AmH$ma H$m `m| ~Zm`m J`m h

Deepika and Ruchika were asked by their teacher to perform an

experiment using a galvanometer. Before doing the experiment they were
very keen to know the different parts of the galvanometer which was
given to them in the form of a small box. They approached the teacher
and asked for the permission. The teacher thought it would be a good
idea if the galvanometer be opened before the whole class and explained
its construction and working to all of them.
Based on the above paragraph, answer the following questions :

What, in your opinion, were the qualities displayed by Deepika,

Ruchika and the teacher ?


State briefly the working principle of the galvanometer.


What is the shape of the magnets used and why is it so designed ?



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IS> `

EH$ b~-dmr` ~obZ H$s b~mB

BgH$s Aj,


x = + a/2

VWm {`m

Ho$ AZw{Xe h {Oggo BgH$m EH$ \$bH$ AmaoI _| {XImE JE

na VWm Xgam,

x = a/2

EH$g_mZ {dwV-jo Bg H$ma Amamo{nV h {H$

E = E0 i, x < 0 Ho$

na pWV h &


E = E0 i, x > 0

Ho$ g_mVa EH$

Ho$ {bE Ama

{bE &

Bggo bg H$m _mZ kmV H$s{OE, ~obZ Ho$


h & BgH$m Ho$ _yb-{~X na h Ama


g_Vb \$bH$m| go hmoH$a OmZo dmbo,

dH$ nR> go hmoH$a OmZo dmbo & ~obZ go hmoH$a ~mha H$s Amoa ZoQ> bg {H$VZm h VWm

~obZ Ho$ ^rVa ZoQ> Amdoe {H$VZm h



{H$gr g_mVa n{>H$m gYm[a Ho$ Xmo ~S>o g_Vb g_mVa MmbH$m| Ho$ nR>r`> Amdoe
KZd H$_e: + VWm h & `o {ZdmV _| EH$-Xgao go An Xar na pWV h &
JmCg {Z`_ Ho$ Cn`moJ go XemBE {H$
XmoZm| n{>H$mAm| Ho$ ~mhar jo _| {dwV-jo ey` h,
Amdo{eV n{>H$mAm| Ho$ ~rM ^rVar jo _| {dwV-jo /o h &
Bggo g_mVa n{>H$m gYm[a H$s Ym[aVm Ho$ {bE `OH$ mV H$s{OE &


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nQ> H$s{OE {H$ gYm[a H$s Xmo n{>H$mAm| Ho$ ~rM Ho$ WmZ _|
EH$ namdwV n>r S>mb XoZo go {ZZ{b{IV na `m ^md hmoJm :
{dwV-jo na,
gYm[a H$s Ym[aVm na &

namdwVmH$ H$s

A right circular cylinder of length a and radius r has its centre at the
origin and its axis along the x-axis so that one face is at x = + a/2 and the
other at x = a/2, as shown in the figure. A uniform electric field is acting

parallel to the x-axis such that E = E0 i for x > 0 and E = E0 i for
x < 0.

Find out the flux (i) through the flat faces, (ii) through the curved surface
of the cylinder. What is the net outward flux through the cylinder and the
net charge inside the cylinder ?

Show, using Gausss law, that for a parallel plate capacitor

consisting of two large plane parallel conductors having surface
charge densities + and , separated by a small distance in
vacuum, the electric field

in the outer regions of both the plates is zero,

(ii) is /o in the inner region between the charged plates.

Hence obtain the expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate


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Explain what is the effect of inserting a dielectric slab of dielectric

constant k in the intervening space inside the plates on

the electric field,

(ii) the capacitance of the capacitor.



A{YH$ ~S>o `mg Ho$ H$m{eH$ XaXeH$m| _| A{^`H$m| H$m M`Z H$aZo _| {H$Z Xmo
_w` H$maH$m| H$mo `mZ _| aIZm Mm{hE ?


{H$gr namdVu XaXeH$ mam {V{~~ H$m ~ZZm XemZo Ho$ {bE EH$ {H$aU AmaoI
~ZmBE & BgH$s AmdYZ j_Vm `m h ?
AndVu XaXeH$ H$s VwbZm _| namdVu XaXeH$ Ho$ `m-`m bm^ h ?



gm_m` g`moOZ _| {H$gr g`w$ gy_Xeu mam {V{~~ H$m ~ZZm XemZo Ho$ {bE
EH$ {H$aU AmaoI ~ZmBE &
Xmo {~XAm| Ho$ ~rM Ho$ Cg `yZV_ nmW` (Xar) Ho$ {bE EH$ `OH$ mV
H$s{OE, {Og Xar na pWV BZ XmoZm| {~XAm| H$mo EH$ gy_Xeu gwnQ> XoI gHo$ &
Bg Xar H$m {d^oXZ j_Vm go `m g~Y h ? CZ H$maH$m| H$m CboI H$s{OE
{OZgo {H$gr gy_Xeu H$s {d^oXZ j_Vm _| d{ H$s Om gHo$ &


State two main considerations taken into account while choosing

the objective in optical telescopes with large diameters.


Draw a ray diagram for the formation of image by a reflecting type

telescope. What is its magnifying power ?


What are the advantages of a reflecting type telescope over the

refracting type ?


Draw a ray diagram for the formation of image by a compound

microscope in normal adjustment.


Obtain the expression for the minimum separation between the

two points seen as distinct in a microscope. What is its relation
with the resolving power ? Mention the factors by which the
resolving power of a microscope can be increased.




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{H$gr n[aZm{bH$m S2 Ho$ gmnoj EH$ A` n[aZm{bH$m
AW nQ> H$s{OE &



Ho$ A`mo` oaH$d H$m

Xmo gH|${V dmmH$ma Hw$S>{b`m| H$s {`mE H$_e: r1 VWm r2 h, Ohm r1 << r2.
Bh| Bg H$ma g_mjr aIm J`m h {H$ BZHo$ Ho$ EH$-Xgao Ho$ D$na nS>Vo h & Bg
`dWm Ho$ A`mo` oaH$d Ho$ {bE `OH$ mV H$s{OE &
EH$ `moJ `dWm _| Xmo g_mjr Hw$S>{b`m C1 VWm C2 EH$-Xgao Ho$ g_mVa aIr
JB h & Hw$S>br C2 _| {dwV Ymam I2 Ho$ n[adVZ Ho$ gJV Hw$S>br C1 _| o[aV
{dwV-dmhH$ ~b (B.E_.E\$.) Ho$ {bE `OH$ mV H$s{OE, `{X C1 _| Vma Ho$
\o$am| H$s g`m N1 h Ama C2 _| N2 ho &




Eopn`a Ho$ n[anWr` {Z`_ H$m CoI H$s{OE & XemBE {H$ {H$gr AZV, grYo
VWm I Ymamdmhr Vma Ho$ ~mha Cggo r Xar na Mw~H$s` jo B neaoIr` h VWm
CgH$m _mZ B = oI / (2r) hmoVm h &
`hm AmaoI _| XemE JE {H$gr b~o grYo ~obZmH$ma Vma H$s dmmH$ma AZwW-H$mQ>
H$s {`m a h & Bg Vma H$s AZwW-H$mQ _| {dwV Ymam I EH$g_mZ $n go
{dV[aV h & Bggo r < a VWm r > a jo _| Mw~H$s` jo B Ho$ _mZ H$m n[aH$bZ
H$s{OE & Vma Ho$ Ho$ go Xar r VWm B Ho$ ~rM EH$ Jm\$ ~ZmBE &

Explain the meaning of mutual inductance of a solenoid S1 with

respect to the solenoid S2.


Consider two concentric circular coils, one of radius r1 and the

other of larger radius r2 (r1 << r2), placed coaxially with centres
coinciding with each other. Obtain the expression for the mutual
inductance of the arrangement.


In an experimental arrangement of two coils C1 and C2 placed

coaxially parallel to each other, find out the expression for the emf
induced in the coil C1 (of N1 turns) corresponding to the change of
current I2 in the coil C2 (of N2 turns).



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State Amperes circuital law. Show that the magnetic field B at a

distance r outside the straight infinite wire carrying current I is
tangential and is given by B = oI / (2r).


Consider a long straight cylindrical wire of circular cross-section of

radius a, as shown in the figure. The current I is uniformly
distributed across this cross-section. Calculate the magnetic field B
in the region r < a and r > a. Plot a graph of B versus r from the
centre of the wire.




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