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Detailed Lesson Plan in Science and Technology II

I. Objectives
At the end of a 60-minute period, the second year high school students are expected to do the following with 75%
proficiency:
1. Describe the value of organisms;
2. Determine the threats to biodiversity, and;
3. Appreciate the value of biodiversity.
II. Subject Matter
Topic: Lesson 8: Importance of Biodiversity
References: Adea, E. B., et al., 2003. Science and Technology II. Pg. 326-333.
Nonato, G. et al., 2003. Science and Technology I. pg. 369-380.
Materials: Illustration/pictures, computer, LCD, white board marker and white board.
Strategies: Deductive, inductive, group work, reportorial & recitation.
Integration: TLE: Use of plants and animals.
Araling Panlipunan: Environmental issues.
Values Infusion: Appreciation of the values of biodiversity.
Build the spirit of group cooperation.
III. Procedure Learning Activities
A. Daily Routine
Teachers Activity

Students Activity

-Prayer
Good morning class!

Good morning Sir!

Pls. stand up and let us pray.

(The students will stand and the prayer leader of the day will
lead a prayer)

(After the prayer) Pls. arrange your chairs and sit


properly.

(The students will arrange their chair and sit properly).

-Checking of Attendance
I will now check your attendance. Say present when I
call your names.

Yes Sir!

(The teacher will check the attendance)

(The students will response when their names will be called).

Okay, lets review our past lesson.

B. Review
Yesterday we had discussed the meaning of biodiversity
and its levels. Did you remember the meaning of
biodiversity?

Yes Sir!

Who can define biodiversity?

(The students will raise their hands.)

Gerly, pls. define biodiversity.

Sir, biodiversity refers to all forms of life.

Very good! Now, who can give me the three levels of


biodiversity?

(The students will raise their hands).

Arnel, pls. enumerate the three levels of biodiversity.

Sir, the three levels of biodiversity are genetic, species and


ecosystem diversity.

Excellent! I am glad that you still remember our previous


lesson.
Did you read your assignment?

Yes Sir.

Good. Are you ready for our new lesson?

Yes Sir! We are ready.

C. Motivation
Class I will show you pictures of different organisms. I
will give you three (3) minutes to study these pictures.
(The teacher will show pictures of different organisms on
screen.).

(The students will do so).

Before we proceed to our next lesson, I will divide you


into three groups. (The teacher will group the class by
counting off. The students that have the same number
will form one group.)

(The students will count and form a group).

Now, pls. write all the importance of all organisms that


are being reflected on the screen. I will give you three
(3) minutes to finish what is being written there. Is that
clear?

Yes Sir!

D. Presentation of the Lesson


After doing the activity, what do you think our lesson for
today?
Yes! Our lesson for today is about the importance of the
organisms that you have mentioned and that is the
biodiversity.

The students from different groups will answer:


Sir importance of plants, animals, fungi, bacteria and
protists.

Each group will present their output. You will share your
ideas with your classmates.

Yes Sir!

E. Lesson Proper
Who wants to report first?

(Each group representative will raise their hands).

The Group 1 will share their output first.


(The teacher will write on the board the importance of
every organism mentioned )

Classmates we have identified the importance of different


organisms. Plants provide food to us, animals like insects serves
as pollinators, seaweeds serve as food,

Very good! Lets give them three claps. Who is the next
reporter?

(The representative of each group will raise their hands.)

Malou please share the output of your group.


(The teacher will write on the board the importance of
every organism mentioned )

Classmates, our group identified the following importance of the


organisms that were shown on the screen. Bacteria serves as
fertilizer, fungi decomposes logs, animals provide food, plants
protect us from storms and protists like seaweeds provide food to
us.

Very nice report! Lets give them three claps.


The next reporter will be the Group 3. Please share your
group output.
(The teacher will write on the board the importance of
every organism mentioned )

Classmates, our group identified the following importance of


those organisms: plants provide medicine, animals like birds
plant trees, fungi provide food and protists provide habitat to
various organisms.

Excellent! Lets give them three claps.

Yes Sir!

Now, lets go back to what you have reported. (The


teacher will discuss the importance of biodiversity based
on what they have mentioned. He will add other
information that was not mentioned by the students).

The studens will listen.

Do you have any question with regards to the


importance of biodiversity?

No Sir.

Class did you know that biodiversity is now threatened?

Yes Sir!

Can you name some threats?

(The students will raise their hands).

Arnel pls. give one threat to biodiversity.

Sir slash and burn farming.

Thats correct. Why do you think it becomes a threat?

Sir it destroys the forest and the habitat of various organisms.

Very good! What else?

(The students will raise their hands).

Gerly can you give one?

Poverty Sir.

Thats right! But why do you think poverty becomes


threat to biodiversity?

Sir people are force to use and depend to our natural resources
because they have no other source of their daily needs.

Very good! What else?

(The students will raise their hands).

Kristina whats your answer?

Sir mining.

Thats correct. How does mining affects biodiversity?

Sir it destroys the mountains where the plants and other


organisms live.

Yes, thats right. Mining destroy our forest and other


ecosystems. It further releases harmful chemicals that
have harmful effect to other organisms. What else?

(The students will raise their hands).

Leny pls. give your answer.

Sir dynamite fishing.

Thats right. But why using dynamite in fishing becomes


threat to biodiversity?

Sir it destroys coral reefs and kills fishes as well as other marine
organisms.

Very good. Do you have any question class?

No Sir.

F. Generalization
Class I will show you a picture of various organisms
(The teacher will show the pictures of the organisms).
Pls. pay attention on the pictures. Just consider that
these pictures composed one big ecosystem and the
man is in the center of that ecosystem.

Yes Sir.

What will happen if I will take the mushroom/fungi out


from this ecosystem? (The teacher will remove the
picture of fungi).

(The students will raise their hands).

Gene pls. answer the question.

Sir the number of organisms that provide food will be reduced.


The decomposers will be lessen.

Excellent answer! What will happen if I will take the


bacteria out of this ecosystem? (The teacher will remove
the picture of bacteria).

(The students will raise their hands).

Grace what is your answer?

Sir the organism that gives fertilizer to plants will be removed,


therefore the plants will die. Moreover, the decomposition of
dead organisms will be slowed down.

Yes, thats right. And what will happen if all plants will
die? (The teacher will removed all plants in the picture).

(The students will raise their hands).

Bahirudin, pls. share your idea.

Sir all animals on that ecosystem will die because they have no
food and no source of oxygen. Flood and water shortage will also
devastate that ecosystem.

Very good! And what will happen to this ecosystem if


there are no animals?

(The students will raise their hands).

Maru pls. state your answer.

Sir, the source of food will be lessen. No pollinators will pollinate


the plants. So, the plants will not bear fruits and cannot
reproduce. Source of carbon dioxide will be lessen that will
hinder the growth of plants.

Very nice answer!


Are there any reasons for those organisms mentioned to
become extinct?

Yes Sir.

What are those?

(The students will raise their hands).

Lilia pls. give your answer.

Sir, the organisms that we have mentioned may become extinct


possibly due to different threats like mining, slash and burn
farming, dynamite fishing and over extraction due to poverty.

Very nice answer.


It seems that all of you are already familiar with the
importance and threats to biodiversity. Do you have any
question regarding the lesson that we had discussed?

No Sir.

G. Application
Since you have no question, we will have an activity.
Each group will present a brief interview, play or a game
that reflects the importance of biodiversity and its
threats. I will give you five (5) minutes to prepare for
your activity and every group will be given two (2)
minutes to present their interview. Is that clear?

Yes Sir.

After five (5) minutes). Who wants to present first?

(Representatives from different groups will raise their hands).

We will start with group number 1.

(Group 1 will present their interview).

(After the presentation). Very good. Give them five


claps.

(Students will do so).

Group 2 will be our next presenter.

(Group 2 will do so)).

(After the interview). Very nice presentation. Give them


five claps.

(Students will do so).

Group 3 pls. present your output.

(Group 3 will present their interview).

(After the interview). Excellent! Give them five claps.

(Students will do so).

Class it seemed that you really understand our lesson


for today. Do you have any clarification?

No Sir.

IV. Evaluation
Pls. get sheet of pad paper and we will have a short
quiz. Pls. listen carefully to the direction. I will read the
question twice.
Direction. Write the letter of the correct answer on your paper.

(The students will follow).

1.

Which of the following organisms help in the decomposition of dead organisms?


a. Plants
b. fungi
c. animals
d. seaweeds.

2.
a.

Which of the following functions indicate the importance of plants to humans?


It produces biogas.
b. It helps in the decomposition of dead organisms.
c. It provides food.
d. It provides habitat.

3.

In what way does the slash-and-burn farming negatively affect biodiversity?


a. It destroys the forest ecosystem as well as the other organisms.
b. It provides opportunity to other plants to grow.
c. It enhances the biodiversity of the forest.
d. It helps to maintain the ecological balance.

4.

Why does mining considered as threat to biodiversity?


a. It provides job opportunity to the people.
b. It alleviates poverty.
c. It makes the mountain accessible to all people through road construction.
d. It causes destruction to mountains and other ecosystems and destroys water quality.

5.

Which of the following organisms gives the air that we breathe?


a. grasses
b. mushroom
c. dog
d. amoeba

6.

Which of the following activities threaten the biodiversity?


a. planting of trees
b. riding a bicycle
c. mining

d. planting of vegetables

Which of the following organisms gives fertilizer to plants?


a. bacteria
b. dog
c. peanut

d. mushroom

7.
8.

Absorbing carbon dioxide and giving off oxygen is one of the importances of ____________________.
a. fungi
b. horse
c. plants
d. protozoa

9.

This activity destroys the coral reefs and kills other marine organisms.
a. logging
b. swimming
c. surfing

10. Which of the following organisms functions as plant pollinator?


a. insects
b. trees
c. bacteria

d. dynamite fishing
d. lizard

V. Assignment
Read the topics on pages 334-338 of your Science and Technology textbooks. Then, answer the following on sheet
of paper.
1. List at least five (5) ways to conserve biodiversity.
2. As youth, how can you help in conserving biodiversity?

Prepared by:
MALOU C. ELEVERA
CTP Student