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L7800 series

Positive voltage regulators


Feature summary

Output current to 1.5A

Output voltages of 5; 5.2; 6; 8; 8.5; 9; 10; 12;


15; 18; 24V

Thermal overload protection

Short circuit protection

Output transition SOA protection

TO-220

TO-220FP

Description
The L7800 series of three-terminal positive
regulators is available in TO-220, TO-220FP, TO-3
and D2PAK packages and several fixed output
voltages, making it useful in a wide range of
applications. These regulators can provide local
on-card regulation, eliminating the distribution
problems associated with single point regulation.
Each type employs internal current limiting,
thermal shut-down and safe area protection,
making it essentially indestructible. If adequate
heat sinking is provided, they can deliver over 1A
output current. Although designed

D2PAK

TO-3

primarily as fixed voltage regulators, these


devices can be used with external components to
obtain adjustable voltage and currents.

Schematic diagram

August 2006

Rev. 13

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www.st.com

47

L7800 series

Pin configuration

Pin configuration

Figure 1.

Pin connections (top view)

TO-220

D2PAK (Any Type)

Figure 2.

TO220FP

TO-3

Schematic diagram

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Maximum ratings

L7800 series

Max mum ratings

Table 1.

Absolute maximum ratings

Symbol

Parameter

Value
for VO= 5 to 18V

35

for VO= 20, 24V

40

Unit

VI

DC Input voltage

IO

Output current

Internally Limited

PD

Power dissipation

Internally Limited

TSTG

Storage temperature range

TOP

Operating junction temperature range

-65 to 150
for L7800

-55 to 150
C

for L7800C

0 to 150

Note:

Absolute Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which damage to the device may
occur. Functional operation under these condition is not implied

Table 2.

Thermal Data

Symbol

Parameter

RthJC

Thermal resistance junction-case

RthJA

Thermal resistance junction-ambient

Figure 3.

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Application circuits

D2PAK

TO-220

TO-220FP

TO-3

Unit

C/W

62.5

50

60

35

C/W

Electrical characteristics

L7800 series

Electrical characteristics

Table 3.

Electrical characteristics of L7805 (refer to the test circuits, TJ = -55 to 150C, VI = 10V, IO
= 500 mA, CI = 0.33 F, CO = 0.1 F unless otherwise specified)

Symbol

Parameter

Test conditions

Min.

Typ.

Max.

Unit

VO

Output voltage

TJ = 25C

4.8

5.2

VO

Output voltage

IO = 5mA to 1A, PO 15W


VI = 8 to 20V

4.65

5.35

VO(1)

VI = 7 to 25V, TJ = 25C

50

Line regulation

VI = 8 to 12V, TJ = 25C

25

VO(1)

Load regulation

Id
Id
VO/T

Quiescent current
Quiescent current change

mV

IO = 5 mA to 1.5A, TJ = 25C

100

IO = 250 to 750mA, TJ = 25C

25

TJ = 25C

mV

IO = 5mA to 1A

0.5

VI = 8 to 25 V

0.8

mA

Output voltage drift

IO = 5mA

Output noise voltage

B =10Hz to 100KHz, TJ = 25C

Supply voltage rejection

VI = 8 to 18V, f = 120Hz

Vd

Dropout voltage

IO = 1A, TJ = 25C

RO

Output resistance

f = 1 KHz

17

Isc

Short circuit current

VI = 35V, TJ = 25C

Iscp

Short circuit peak current

TJ = 25C

eN
SVR

mA

0.6

mV/C
40

68

1.3

V/VO
dB

2.5

V
m

0.75

1.2

2.2

3.3

1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Changes in VO due to heating effects must be
taken into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty cycle is used.

L7800 series

Table 6.
Symbol

Electrical characteristics

Electrical characteristics of L7812 (refer to the test circuits, TJ = -55 to 150C, VI = 19V, IO
= 500 mA, CI = 0.33 F, CO = 0.1 F unless otherwise specified)
Parameter

Test conditions

Min.

Typ.

Max.

Unit

VO

Output voltage

TJ = 25C

11.5

12

12.5

VO

Output voltage

IO = 5mA to 1A, PO 15W


VI = 15.5 to 27V

11.4

12

12.6

VO(1)

Line regulation

VO(1)

Load regulation

Id
Id
VO/T

Quiescent current
Quiescent current change

VI = 14.5 to 30V, TJ = 25C

120

VI = 16 to 22V, TJ = 25C

60

IO = 5 mA to 1.5A, TJ = 25C

100

IO = 250 to 750mA, TJ = 25C

60

TJ = 25C

mV

mV

IO = 5mA to 1A

0.5

VI = 15 to 30V

0.8

mA

Output voltage drift

IO = 5mA

Output noise voltage

B =10Hz to 100KHz, TJ = 25C

Supply voltage rejection

VI = 15 to 25V, f = 120Hz

Vd

Dropout voltage

IO = 1A, TJ = 25C

RO

Output resistance

f = 1 KHz

18

Isc

Short circuit current

VI = 35V, TJ = 25C

Iscp

Short circuit peak current

TJ = 25C

eN
SVR

mA

1.5

mV/C
40

61

1.3

V/VO
dB

2.5

V
m

0.75

1.2

2.2

3.3

1. Load and line regulation are specified at constant junction temperature. Changes in VO due to heating effects must be
taken into account separately. Pulse testing with low duty cycle is used.

Typical performance

L7800 series

Typical performance

Figure 7.

Dropout voltage vs junction


temperature

Figure 8.

Figure 9.

Supply voltage rejection vs


frequency

Figure 10. Output voltage vs junction


temperature

Figure 11. Output impedance vs frequency

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Peak output current vs input/output


differential voltage

Figure 12. Quiescent current vs junction


temperature

L7800 series

Figure 13. Load transient response

Typical performance

Figure 14. Line transient response

Figure 15. Quiescent current vs input voltage

Figure 16. Fixed output regulator

1. To specify an output voltage, substitute voltage value for "XX".


2. Although no output capacitor is need for stability, it does improve transient response.
3. Required if regulator is locate an appreciable distance from power supply filter.

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Package mechanical data

L7800 series

TO-220 (A TYPE) MECHANICAL DATA


DIM.

mm.
MIN.

TYP

inch
MAX.

MIN.

4.40

4.60

0.173

TYP.

MAX.
0.181

0.61

0.88

0.024

0.034

b1

1.15

1.70

0.045

0.067

0.49

0.70

0.019

0.027

15.25

15.75

0.600

0.620

10.0

10.40

0.393

0.409

2.4

2.7

0.094

0.106

e1

4.95

5.15

0.194

0.203

1.23

1.32

0.048

0.051

H1

6.2

6.6

0.244

0.260

J1

2.40

2.72

0.094

0.107

13.0

14.0

0.511

0.551

L1

3.5

3.93

0.137

0.154

L20

16.4

L30

0.645

28.9

1.138

3.75

3.85

0.147

0.151

2.65

2.95

0.104

0.116

0015988/N

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L7800 series

Package mechanical data

D2PAK (C TYPE) MECHANICAL DATA


mm.

inch

DIM.
MIN.

TYP

MAX.

MIN.

TYP.

MAX.

4.3

4.7

0.169

0.185

A1
b

0
0.70

0.20
0.90

0.000
0.028

0.008
0.035

b2
c
c2

1.17
0.45
1.25

0.50
1.30

1.37
0.6
1.40

0.046
0.018
0.049

0.020
0.051

0.054
0.024
0.055

D
D1

9.0
7.5

9.2

9.4

0.354
0.295

0.362

0.370

E
E1
e

9.8
7.5

10.2

0.386
0.295

2.54

e1
H

15

J1
L
L1

2.20
1.79
1.0

L2

1.2

R
V2

5.08
15.30

0.100
15.60

0.591

2.60
2.79
1.4

0.087
0.070
0.039

1.6

0.047

0.3
0

0.402

0.200
0.602

0.614
0.102
0.110
0.055
0.063

0.012
3

0079457/J

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